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Sufficool Kari E KE Department of Pathology and Immunology, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, - - 2014
Activating mutations in BRAF have been observed in up to 60% of melanomas, indicating a pivotal role for kinase deregulation in tumor progression. Vemurafenib is a specific inhibitor of BRAF for treatment of melanomas with activating BRAF V600E mutations and has been a major advancement in melanoma treatment. Treatment with ...
Sachse M M - - 2013
vemurafenib is a competitive inhibitor of RAF kinases for treatment of metastatic malignant melanoma. Cutaneous adverse effects mainly comprise of benign lesions such as hair follicle changes (e.g. alopecia), rash, photosensitivity, verrucal keratosis, palmar-plantar hyperkeratosis, and keratosis pilaris-like eruptions. Of note, up to one third of patients treated with vemurafenib ...
Tawfeeq Mohammad Monir - - 2013
This study evaluated the clinical usefulness of serum thymidine kinase (TK) activity for diagnosing bovine leukosis cases for which clinical diagnosis was difficult ('BL with difficult diagnosis'). Median TK activity values in 24 'BL with difficult diagnosis' and 36 cattle for which BL was clinically confirmed by cytology findings of ...
Wallington-Beddoe Craig T - - 2013
The sphingosine kinases (SphKs) have relatively recently been implicated in contributing to malignant cellular processes with particular interest in the oncogenic properties of SPHK1. Whilst SPHK1 has received considerable attention as a putative oncoprotein, SPHK2 has been much more difficult to study, with often conflicting data surrounding its role in ...
Watanabe Koichiro - - 2013
A 75-year-old man presented to our hospital with multifocal thickening of the left pleura and left pleural effusion. Histology of the pleura showed uniform and bipolar spindle cells with moderate mitosis in a collagenised stroma. It further showed abundant blood vessels in a haemangiopericytoma-like pattern. These findings were strongly suggestive ...
Kwak Young Seok - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) associated with an arachnoid cyst (AC) is still not clear. We propose an origin of initial bleeding of CSDH in patients with AC based on our experience and discuss the management of this disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The total number of operations ...
Yang Tao - - 2012
ABSTRACT: A 50-year-old man presented with a rare giant crossing cranium-temporal combined epidermal cyst. Physical examination found left facial numbness and temple severely numbness with light pressure. Horizontalis craniocerebral computed tomography demonstrated a mass lesion of 3.0 × 2.0 cm in the middle cranial fossa area; sagittal craniocerebral magnetic resonance ...
Zheng Jinfeng - - 2012
Malignant transformation in a gastric duplication cyst (GDC) is extremely rare, with only eight reported cases to date. An additional case of an adenocarcinoma arising from a GDC in a 25-year-old male is reported here. Ultrasonography and computed tomography (CT) scans detected a well-defined cyst arising from the greater curvature ...
Zhao Chan - - 2012
To provide novel spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT) findings of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) disease as well as new insights into the pathogenesis of this disease. Detailed SD OCT and fluorescein angiography (FA) findings of 18 consecutive VKH patients (11 women and 7 men) from December 2007 to April 2009 ...
Simoglou Christos - - 2012
The case of a tender, isolated abdominal wall tumor within a Pfannenstiel incision due to a seeding deposit of endometrial tissue secondary to a previous obstetric operation (caesarean section) in a 39-year-old female without previously reported pelvic endometriosis is presented. The lesion clinically mimicked the appearance of an incarcerated incisional ...
Burwell Anora K - - 2012
It was hypothesized that applying the polymer-induced liquid-precursor (PILP) system to artificial lesions would result in time-dependent functional remineralization of carious dentin lesions that restores the mechanical properties of demineralized dentin matrix. 140 µm deep artificial caries lesions were remineralized via the PILP process for 7-28 days at 37°C to ...
Mapelli E T M - - 2011
We report a case of a 40-year-old Caucasian woman who came under our observation with a 7-year history of a chronic erythematous scaly dermatitis, diagnosed as psoriasis, involving gluteal area and thighs, and treated with topical steroids without benefit. During pregnancy, a progressive worsening of her condition and an extension ...
Hendriksz Chris - - 2011
General physicians and rheumatologists play a key role in suspecting a diagnosis of mucopolysaccharidosis for a range of multi-organ presenting symptoms in adults. Prompt diagnosis and treatment maximizes outcomes for these rare and extremely debilitating diseases. Earlier diagnosis may help to prevent irreversible disease.
Brassesco María Sol - - 2011
Primary lung tumors are rare in children, and mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) represents less than 10% of them. Additionally, MEC arising from bronchogenic cysts (BC) is particularly unusual. We describe the clinical and genetic findings on a MEC occurring within a previous location of a BC in an adolescent. This particular ...
Crapanzano John P - - 2011
Lung cancer is the most frequently diagnosed major cancer. Fine-needle aspiration of lung lesions is a reliable test with a high diagnostic yield, high sensitivity, and high specificity, yet differentiation of reactive pulmonary processes from neoplasms and subclassification of lung neoplasms often poses difficult diagnostic dilemmas. This review outlines potential ...
Day Cynthia M - - 2011
The purpose of this article is to review the physical basis for straight radiographic lines, identify the possible components that may form a straight line interface in the body, provide illustrative examples across multiple organ systems and modalities, and explore how the detection of these interfaces can support specific diagnoses. ...
Lydiatt Daniel D - - 2011
Although "glands" in the neck corresponding to the thyroid were known for thousands of years, they were mainly considered pathological when encountered. Recognition of the thyroid gland as an anatomical and physiological entity required human dissection, which began in earnest in the 16th century. Leonardo Da Vinci is generally credited ...
Rodrigues Camilla - - 2011
There are several advantages in making a specific diagnosis of an infectious disease. In addition to better patient care with appropriate therapy, once the diagnosis is established considerable financial expense is spared and preventive measures can be initiated. The microbiology laboratory is vital in the isolation and identification of organisms. ...
Kanthan Rani - - 2010
Chordoma is an uncommon tumor initially believed to be benign due to the rarity of its metastasis. Cytological, morphological, and immunohistochemical features of chordoma, relating to its origin from notochordal remnants, allows for its accurate diagnosis. A 75-year-old man with a known history of tuberculosis (TB) presented with shortness of ...
Li Faqian - - 2010
The presence of individual neuroendocrine cells in rare peripancreatic lymph nodes (LNs) suggests that neuroendocrine tumor or nested neuroendocrine cell proliferation can arise in situ from neuroendocrine cells native to any LN. However, it is very difficult to ascertain whether any neuroendocrine lesion in LNs is a primary tumor or ...
Levien A S - - 2010
A 9-year-old, female neutered Dalmatian was evaluated for acute onset of dyspnoea. Thoracocentesis on presentation yielded 1300 ml sanguineous fluid, while thoracic radiology and ultrasonography showed a mixed-echoic cavitary cranial mediastinal mass, sternal lymph node enlargement and pleural effusion. Surgical exploration of the thorax revealed a multi-lobulated red/brown cranial mediastinal ...
Challa R - - 2010
A 48-year-old woman presented with cough and chest pain. A chest radiograph and CT scans showed bilateral lung masses containing massive venous varices. A core biopsy specimen revealed benign metastasising leiomyoma with strong expression of progesterone receptors. A review of her medical history revealed a hysterectomy 11 years earlier. The ...
Alaa Rm Mohamed - - 2011
To assess risk of lung cancer (LC) in patients with preinvasive bronchial lesions and to identify factors associated with higher risk. 124 patients with one or more preinvasive bronchial lesions and normal chest computed tomography (CT) (mean age 66.7 years, 121 males and 3 females), followed-up by white light and ...
Koh Won-Jung - - 2010
To describe the radiographic findings of primary pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in previously healthy adolescent patients. The Institutional Review Board approved this retrospective study, with a waiver of informed consent from the patients. TB outbreaks occurred in 15 senior high schools and chest radiographs from 58 students with identical strains of ...
Trejo-Chávez A - - 2011
A Southern two-toed sloth (Choloepus didactylus), originally acquired from French Guiana, died while maintained in quarantine in a pet store in Monterrey, Mexico. Large yeast cells with multiple buds compatible with Paracoccidioides brasiliensis were observed in disseminated granulomatous lesions in the lungs, liver, spleen and kidney. Transmission electron microscopical examination ...
Minato Hiroshi - - 2010
Lymphangioma rarely presents as a solitary pulmonary lesion. We encountered a case of solitary cystic lymphangioma and present its clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical findings. A 2-month-old boy was referred to the hospital after developing a persistent cough. Chest X-ray showed a large cyst in the right lung. Under the preoperative diagnosis ...
Jinta Torahiko - - 2010
Previous studies showed that apoptotic epithelial cells were involved in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)/usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP); however, little is known about apoptosis in chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP). This study was performed to examine whether apoptosis has a role in chronic HP. We performed immunohistochemical studies for ...
Eberhardt Ralf - - 2010
Although flexible bronchoscopy is the least invasive procedure for sampling, it is limited by its inability to reach lesions in the peripheral segments of the lung. Biopsy success is further compromised if the lesion is less than 30 mm in diameter or cannot be seen on fluoroscopy. We wanted to ...
Dixit R - - 2010
A case of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is being described in a 52-year-old female patient who presented with a cavitary lesion on skiagram chest and simulating a lung abscess. Patient responded with the oral corticosteroid therapy with complete resolution of the initial radiographic abnormality. Despite various radiological presentations described in ...
Benjamin Hila - - 2010
The definitive identification of malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) has significant clinical implications, yet other malignancies often involve the lung pleura, confounding the diagnosis of MPM. In the absence of accurate markers, MPM can be difficult to distinguish from peripheral lung adenocarcinoma and metastatic epithelial cancers. MicroRNA expression is tissue-specific and ...
Chetwood Andrew - - 2011
The case of a 49-year-old male patient who presented with recurrent pulmonary emboli secondary to a calcified lesion within his inferior vena cava is presented. The diagnosis and relevant literature is reviewed. This is the first time that calcification within the inferior vena cava has presented this way in adults, ...
Matsumoto Shokei - - 2011
Small pneumothoraces are often not visible on supine screening chest radiographs because they develop anteriorly to the lung. These pneumothoraces are termed occult. Occult pneumothoraces account for an astonishingly high 52% to 63% of all traumatic pneumothoraces. A 19-year-old obese woman was involved in a head-on car accident. The admission ...
Wright Joanne L - - 2011
Wright J L, Tazelaar H D & Churg A (2011) Histopathology 58, 517-524 Fibrosis with emphysema The concept of fibrosis with emphysema is confused by the existence of two very different clinical/pathological scenarios: first, cases in which a diffuse fibrosing interstitial pneumonia, most commonly usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP), occurs in a ...
Divisi Duilio - - 2010
The aim of the study was to evaluate the double modality working of a new autofluorescence videobronchoscope SAFE-3000 for the detection and localization of precancerous and malignant lesions. From April to May 2009, 168 patients underwent SAFE-3000 bronchoscopy using 'Twin Mode' and 'Multiple Image Xposition (MIX)' technologies. The study considers ...
Hamir Amir N - - 2010
Here we describe gross and histopathologic findings in a laboratory-confined adult male raccoon (Procyon lotor) with microscopic ossified areas in pulmonary alveoli. At the time of necropsy, gross lesions were present in the kidneys and in one thyroid gland. Noteworthy microscopic findings included multifocal foci of osseous tissue within the ...
Kanathur Naveen - - 2010
Ankylosing spondylitis, a chronic multisystem inflammatory disorder, can present with articular and extra-articular features. It can affect the tracheobronchial tree and the lung parenchyma, and respiratory complications include chest wall restriction, apical fibrobullous disease with or without secondary pulmonary superinfection, spontaneous pneumothorax, and obstructive sleep apnea. Ankylosing spondylitis is a ...
Mokaddas E - - 2010
A case of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis caused by Aspergillus terreus is described. The diagnosis was based on demonstration of branched septate hyphae in a sputum specimen and isolation of the fungus in culture. The diagnosis was further supported by detection of A. terreus-specific DNA, galactomannan (GM) and (1→3)-β-D-glucan (BDG) in ...
Pereira W L A - - 2010
This work presents a case of sudden death of a non-human adult male primate, which belongs to the National Primate Center (CENP - Ananindeua - Pará - Brazil). The specimen was necropsied, and the anatomicopathologic exam showed a great collection of clotted blood in the right thoracic cavity, forming a ...
Higuchi Tomoaki - - 2010
This report presents the case of a patient demonstrating multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD) with a lung lesion that was successfully treated with an anti-interleukin-6 receptor antibody, tocilizumab in combination with corticosteroid and tacrolimus. A 43-yr-old female with abnormal shadows on a chest X-ray was referred to the hospital for further ...
Jeon Ga Won - - 2010
Cutaneous lung tissue heterotopia is a very rare disorder where mature lung tissues develop in the skin. This is only the second known report of cutaneous lung tissue heterotopia, with the first by Singer et al. in 1998. A newborn infant had a hemangioma-like, freely movable mass connected to the ...
Steinfort D P - - 2011
Improved diagnostic sensitivity of bronchsocopy for the investigation of peripheral pulmonary lesions (PPLs) with the use of radial probe endobroncial ultrasound (EBUS) has been reported, although diagnostic performance varies considerably. A systematic review of published literature evaluating radial probe EBUS accuracy was performed to determine point sensitivity and specificity, and ...
Slade M G MG Dept of Thoracic Oncology, Papworth Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Papworth Everard, Cambridge, UK. - - 2011
Can the detection rate of flexible bronchoscopy for lung cancer be increased by a series of simple quality improvement measures? Bronchoscopy-associated clinical parameters were prospectively recorded between 2001 and 2007 in patients with suspected lung malignancy. The detection rate of bronchoscopy, diagnostic yield of each biopsy modality and the possible ...
Moffatt-Bruce Susan D - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Discerning primary versus metastatic lung lesions is problematic. Comparative mutational profiling (CMP) involves genetic and point mutation analysis of lesions to facilitate this. We sought to review our experience in cases of two lung lesions or head and neck cancer and lung lesions to determine whether a significantly clinical ...
Al-Alao Bassel Suffian - - 2010
We describe a case of successful minimally invasive thoracoscopic surgical resection of metastatic desmoplastic malignant melanoma replacing the entire right lower lobe of the lung, presenting 4 years after the initial complete resection of the primary scalp lesion. An 89-year-old man presented with a 6-month history of right-sided chest pain. ...
Correia-Pinto Jorge - - 2010
Congenital lung lesions comprise a broad spectrum of rare but clinically significant developmental abnormalities, including congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, bronchopulmonary sequestrations, congenital lobar emphysema, and bronchogenic cysts, which are commonly surgically treated. Although the terms congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, bronchopulmonary sequestrations, congenital lobar emphysema, and bronchogenic cysts are entrenched in ...
Shintani Yasushi - - 2010
Micronodular pneumocyte hyperplasia (MNPH) is often associated with tuberous sclerosis complex and/or lymphangioleiomyomatosis. We present the case of a 45-year-old woman with MNPH without evidence of either. A preoperative high-resolution chest computed topographic scan demonstrated a ground-glass opacity 8 mm in diameter that revealed the possibility of atypical adenomatous hyperplasia ...
Bettio Daniela - - 2011
Computed tomographic (CT) screening for lung cancer has increased the detection rate of nodules manifesting as ground-glass opacities (GGOs). The natural history of this new entity it is not well known nor is the factors that influence the growth, progression and malignant potential. This genetic study was performed in order ...
Bhagat Nikhil - - 2010
Radiosurgery requires precise lesion localization. Fiducial markers enable lesion tracking, but complications from insertion may occur. The purpose of this study was to describe complications of fiducial marker insertion into pulmonary lesions. Clinical and imaging records of 28 consecutive patients with 32 lung nodules or masses who underwent insertion of ...
Tournoy K G - - 2011
extrathoracic malignancies metastasize to the mediastinum and/or pulmonary hilum. Mediastinoscopy and thoracoscopy are standard to obtain tissue proof of metastatic spread but are invasive. Endobronchial ultrasound with real-time-guided transbronchial fine-needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) is a minimally invasive alternative for surgical staging of lung cancer. we analysed the test characteristics of EBUS-TBNA ...
Dutta Roman - - 2010
A 46 year-old man was found to have a polypoidal growth in the lumen of the right main bronchus. Fiberoptic bronchoscope-guided biopsy of the mass on two occasions showed acute-on-chronic inflammation. The origin of the polyp was the right upper lobe bronchus; and upper lobectomy with adequate resection margin was ...
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