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Wisnieff Cynthia C Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA; Department of Radiology, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, New York, - - 2014
Within multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions iron is present in chronically activated microglia. Thus, iron detection with MRI might provide a biomarker for chronic inflammation within lesions. Here, we examine contributions of iron and myelin to magnetic susceptibility of lesions on quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM). Fixed MS brain tissue was assessed ...
Muhammad Adnan A Adnan Muhammad, Patrick Brady, Division of Digestive Diseases and Nutrition, University of South Florida, Morsani College of Medicine, Tampa, FL 33620, United - - 2014
Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is common and often under recognized problem in the elderly. It may be the result of multiple factors including a bleeding lesion in the gastrointestinal tract. Twenty percent of elderly patients with IDA have a negative upper and lower endoscopy and two-thirds of these have a ...
Celik Haydar H The Sheikh Zayed Institute for Pediatric Surgical Innovation, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC - - 2014
-Both intrinsic contrast (T1 and T2 relaxation, and the equilibrium magnetization) and contrast-agent (gadolinium) enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are used visualize and evaluate acute radiofrequency ablation (RFA) lesions. However, current methods are imprecise in delineating lesion extent shortly after the ablation. -Fifteen lesions were created in the endocardium of ...
Myers Elise A EA Poultry Diagnostic and Research Center (Myers, Williams, Zavala), College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia, Athens, - - 2014
Within hours of chick delivery, acute mortality and mucosal lesions were reported on 2 northeast Georgia broiler farms that had applied a ferric sulfate litter amendment product. Histological evaluation of the larynx, tongue, and surrounding stroma revealed multifocal areas of necrosis or degeneration of the oral mucosa, acute focal necrotizing ...
Shenoy Santosh - - 2014
A 50-year-old heterosexual, HIV-negative man presented with a giant anal condyloma (Figure). He had iron deficiency anemia, a slow-growing anal wart for many years, and intermittent bleeding and pruritus. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy and colonoscopy findings were normal. Endoscopic ultrasound of the anorectum showed no anal sphincter involvement, and computed tomography did not ...
Calderón Díaz J A JA Pig Development Department, Teagasc Animal and Grassland Research and Innovation Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co., Cork, - - 2014
This study evaluated the influence of housing system during gestation and floor type during lactation on the welfare and lying-down behavior of lactating sows. Multiparous sows (n = 85) were housed either in individual gestation stalls (n = 42) or loose (n = 43) in a single dynamic group with ...
Boland T - - 2014
Colonic tumours are most frequently primary and lesions secondary to metastasis are uncommon. Malignant melanoma is an aggressive cancer, with a tendency to metastasize and recur. This report describes the case of a 66-year-old man who underwent wide local excision and adjuvant therapy for malignant melanoma three years prior to ...
Ryseff Julia K JK Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Pathology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, - - 2014
A 4-year-old, female spayed Domestic Shorthair cat was presented for a 2-day history of lethargy, anorexia, and vomiting. Diagnostic assessments revealed a severe, regenerative anemia and the presence of a solitary, 3 × 4 cm splenic mass. Cytologic examination of fine-needle aspirates of the splenic mass showed sheets of pleomorphic histiocytic cells with ...
Dukka Srivasavi S Department of Haematology, St James's University Hospital, Leeds, - - 2014
The congenital dyserythropoietic anaemias (CDAs) are a group of rare hereditary disorders characterised by ineffective erythropoiesis and morphological abnormalities in the erythroblasts. Patients may present with jaundice or with symptoms of anaemia, gall stones or iron overload. The diagnosis can be challenging and cases have been confused with haemolytic anaemia, ...
Antonino Antonio A General Surgery 2 Unit, "Antonio Cardarelli" Hospital, Naples, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Intraabdominal lymphangiomas account for less than 5% of all lymphangiomas and small intestinal hemolymphangioma is a very rare benign tumor. Here we describe the first case of primary ulcerated duodenal hemolymphangioma in a 24-year-old woman, causing occult bleeding from gastrointestinal tract. She presented with an unexplained refractory iron-deficiency anemia and ...
Barbosa Fabíola Brasil FB Centro de Ensino Superior do Pará, Belém, PA, - - 2014
This is a report of a patient who had a previous diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis, nonerosive, rheumatoid factor negative, that despite the therapeutic approach presented progressive worsening of the articular and general condition. After extensive research, she had a diagnosis of hemochromatosis. Joint symptoms are common manifestations in hemochromatosis. The ...
Lane Samantha S CAMC, Dept. of internal Medicine/Pediatrics, Charleston, WV 25302, USA. - - 2013
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare syndrome of extreme inflammation caused by pathologic activation of the immune system. Diagnosis of HLH is challenging as the clinical presentation is similar to common medical entities such as sepsis. When a source of the extreme inflammation is not found, HLH should be considered ...
Hametner Simon S Department of Neuroimmunology, Center for Brain Research, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2013
Iron may contribute to the pathogenesis and progression of multiple sclerosis (MS) due to its accumulation in the human brain with age. Our study focused on nonheme iron distribution and the expression of the iron-related proteins ferritin, hephaestin, and ceruloplasmin in relation to oxidative damage in the brain tissue of ...
Rosenblatt Paula - - 2013
Splenic angiosarcoma is a rare and aggressive malignancy with an incidence of less than one per million and a fatality rate over 90%.  Early diagnosis is of great importance for optimal management.  Here, we report the case of a patient with splenic angiosarcoma who presented with prominent schistocytes, echinocytes, thrombocytopenia, ...
Feng Xiao-Shan - - 2013
The aim of this study was to characterize histo-chemical patterns and Das-1 and Ki67 protein expression in gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA) and intestinal metaplasia (IM) lesions adjacent to GCA. Histochemical techniques, including Alcian blue/periodic acid-Schiff (AB/PAS), high iron diamine/Alcian blue (HID/AB) and avidin-biotin-peroxidase complex (ABC) immunohistochemistry were applied to GCA ...
Xie Hainan H Department of Ophthalmology, Nanjing School of Clinical Medicine, Southern Medical University, Nanjing General Hospital of Nanjing Military Command, PLA, Nanjing 210002, - - 2013
Ocular siderosis refers to intraocular iron deposition in ocular tissues caused by the long-time retention of penetrating iron-containing foreign bodies, commonly leading to a series of characteristic alterations and severe disorder of visual function. Ocular siderosis, rarely seen in the clinic, can cause irreversible retinal injuries and visual function damage ...
So Chan Soo - - 2013
Brunner's gland adenoma is a rare benign proliferative lesion developing most commonly in the posterior wall of the duodenum. It is usually small in size and asymptomatic. Depending on its size or location, however, the clinical manifestations of this tumor may be variable from nonspecific symptoms to gastrointestinal bleeding or ...
Aboumarzouk Omar M - - 2013
We aimed to assess the diagnostic accuracy of photodynamic diagnostic ureterorenoscopy (PDD-FURS) in detection of UUT-TCC in comparison with CT Urogram (CTU) and WL-FURS. Between June 2009 and August 2011, 30 patients underwent PDD-FURS after CTU for suspicion of UUT-TCC. Ureterorenoscopy was performed for abnormal upper urinary tract on imaging. ...
Hong Ran - - 2013
We describe an epidermoid cyst arising from an accessory spleen of the pancreas. A 56-year-old female with iron deficiency anemia presented with dizziness. During the clinical workup, a 2×4 cm-sized mass was incidentally detected in the tail of the pancreas in a computed tomography (CT) scan. Under a clinical diagnosis ...
Souza Vânia Nieto Brito de - - 2012
Iron is essential for all organisms and its availability can control the growth of microorganisms; therefore, we examined the role of iron metabolism in multibacillary (MB) leprosy, focusing on the involvement of hepcidin. Erythrograms, iron metabolism parameters, pro-inflammatory cytokines and urinary hepcidin levels were evaluated in patients with MB and ...
Carter Dan - - 2013
The prevalence of gastrointestinal lesions in young men with iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is unknown, and there are no evidence-based recommendations for the evaluation of the gastrointestinal tract in this population. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence of significant GI lesions among young males with IDA, ...
Melkonian Stephanie S Department of Health Studies, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, - - 2012
Risk of skin lesions due to chronic arsenic exposure can be further affected by nutrient intake. We prospectively evaluated the association of nutrient intake and gender with incident skin lesions using data from the Health Effects of Arsenic Longitudinal Study (HEALS) in Araihazar, Bangladesh. Discrete time hazard models were used ...
Nathoo Nabeela - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) is an iron-sensitive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method that has shown iron-related lesions in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The contribution of deoxyhemoglobin to the signals seen in SWI has not been well characterized in MS. OBJECTIVES: To determine if SWI lesions (seen as focal hypointensities) exist ...
Thakore Suruchi S - - 2012
Though paratubal and paraovarian cysts are rare in adolescent females, the influence of post-menarchal hormonal stimulation on these tubal derivates can produce large and clinically significant adnexal pathology. Ovarian torsion secondary to paratubal cysts is rare due to the cyst's location and ipsilateral recurrence is uncommon. We report a case ...
Bury Danielle - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Giant cell arteritis (GCA) has been successfully treated with steroids for many years and temporal artery biopsy (TAB) is regarded as the gold standard diagnostic test. The primary aim of this study was to determine whether steroid pretreatment abrogates histological features of GCA reducing diagnostic return, as suspected on ...
Morotti Matteo - - 2012
PURPOSE: This study aims to present the clinical characteristics of a series of postmenopausal women with endometriosis and to evaluate the preferential location, extension and histopathological features of the lesions. METHODS: We retrospectively examined the clinical records of 72 postmenopausal women with endometriosis who underwent surgery between January 1998 and ...
Natale Kristen E - - 2012
Cutaneous deciduosis represents a rare manifestation of cutaneous endometriosis in which typical endometrial glands and stroma are morphologically and physiologically transformed under hormonal influence. The transformed glands and stroma usually take on the microscopic appearance of uterine decidua but may mimic malignancy. We describe two cases of cutaneous deciduosis that ...
Davies Dawn E - - 2012
Malignant bowel obstruction is a common complication of some adult malignancies. In childhood cancer, malignant bowel obstruction is relatively rare. Octreotide, an analogue of the hormone somatostatin, has been shown to be an effective treatment for this condition in adults. However, explicit description of its use for this indication in ...
- - 2012
Phase II studies show that vismodegib induces BCC regression and blocks new lesion growth.
Lubitz Carrie C - - 2012
Guidelines from the National Cancer Institute Thyroid Fine Needle Aspiration State of the Science Conference recommend a repeat fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) after 3 months for thyroid nodules with a nondiagnostic (ND) result. Our aims were to assess which factors influenced their clinical management and to determine if the timing ...
Fernandez-Rodriguez Eva - - 2012
The presence of subclinical or minor pituitary hormone deficiencies could be recognised in clinical practice and might represent intermediate situations among normal pituitary hormone secretion and clinical hypopituitarism. However, this entity has not been correctly identified and associated clinical impairment and even more, long-term consequences regarding to morbidity and mortality, ...
Borges Bruno Barros Pinto - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Giant cell tumors of bone (GCTs) are common in the long bones, but rare in the craniofacial region, with only 1% of cases occurring in the latter. Clinical, radiological, and anatomical diagnosis of this locally aggressive disease, which occurs in response to trauma or neoplastic transformation, poses a major ...
Mueller Florian - - 2012
Herein is described the case of a 41-year-old woman with disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis with distinct endometriosis. The pathogenesis of both conditions is as yet unclear; however, the 2 main hypotheses are discussed. Metaplastic origin from the secondary müllerian system has been suggested, as well as metastatic development. Inasmuch as spontaneous ...
Rodriguez C C Service d'anatomie et cytologie pathologiques, hôpital européen Georges-Pompidou, AP-HP, faculté Paris-Descartes, 20, rue Leblanc, 75908 Paris cedex 15, - - 2012
Parathyroid carcinomas are rare and usually difficult to diagnose, both clinically and histologically. A 60-year-old man was hospitalised for hypotension. Investigations revealed renal failure associated with hypercalcaemia and elevated serum parathormone. (99m)Tc-sestamibi scintigraphy of the parathyroid glands (PT) revealed a mass in the right PT that was treated by parathyroidectomy ...
Fariduddin M - - 2012
Solitary thyroid nodule is a common endocrine problem. The main concern of solitary thyroid nodule lies in excluding the malignancy & to operate on as few patients as possible. Other than history & clinical examination, hormone assessment, USG of thyroid gland, radionuclide scan & FNAC were used to differentiate malignant ...
Major Piotr - - 2012
Cysts are a rare pathology of adrenal glands. As the development of new diagnostic techniques takes place, the occurrence of adrenal cystic lesions has been rapidly increasing. The majority of them are solid adrenal lesions, but localized fluid collections are also more frequently diagnosed. In case of solid adrenal lesions, ...
Cook Meghan I - - 2012
Introduction:Parathyroid carcinomas are very rare tumors and may arise in the normally located or ectopic gland. The latter present certain diagnostic difficulties, and there are no specific guidelines on their management. We present a case of parathyroid carcinoma arising within an ectopically located intrathyroid gland and discuss the diagnosis, management, ...
Osiecka B J - - 2012
Lichen sclerosus et atrophicus (LSA) is disease of skin and mucosa, its pathogenesis remains unknown. Itching, pain and burning sensations and atrophy of vulva impair quality of life. Treatment is symptomatic. We report case of 30-year old woman with lesions in vulva in which series of topical PDT were carried ...
Dalar Cafer - - 2012
Objective: 99m-Tc MIBI parathyroid scintigraphy is widely used to localize the lesion for surgery in hyperparathyroidism. We aimed to demonstrate the presence of intra and interobserver agreement in the evaluation of 99m-Tc MIBI parathyroid scintigraphies.Methods: Ninety-eight cases were included and evaluated by four experienced observers. The 98 cases were evaluated ...
Wang X-L - - 2012
We describe an elderly male patient who presented with fever of unknown origin and refractory hyponatraemia. Following (18) fluorine-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography scan and core adrenal biopsy, the diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma with pituitary and bilateral adrenal involvement was confirmed. After chemotherapy, his symptoms resolved, and ...
Zhong Weiying - - 2012
Rathke cleft cysts (RCC) are uncommon intrasellar lesions. Although their clinical manifestations, radiological features and treatment are frequently reported, controversy remains as a result of their rarity. We reviewed the preoperative clinical manifestations, neurological examination findings, visual acuity and fields, endocrinological function, radiographic study findings, surgical and pathological records, and ...
Majumder Shounak - - 2012
Pheochromocytomas rarely have 'composite' forms in which they demonstrate histologic features of a typical paraganglioma in combination with those of a neural component. Extra-adrenal 'composite' pheochromocytomas are distinctly uncommon. We describe herein a unique case of a 34-year-old female patient with type 1 neurofibromatosis who presented with abdominal pain and ...
Giuliari Gian Paolo - - 2012
PURPOSE: To determine the clinical and ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) features associated with growth in iris melanocytic lesions. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series analysis. METHODS: We included all iris melanocytic lesions that were monitored between January 2005 and November 2009. At the end of the analysis, 44 eyes of 44 patients ...
Qiu Jun-Jun - - 2012
Objective. To determine novel predictors of ovarian interstitial fibrosis and microvascular injury associated with ovarian endometriotic cysts. Design. Case-control study. Setting. The gynecology unit of an affiliated hospital in China. Population. Patients <40 years of age with ovarian endometriotic cysts or benign ovarian tumors (controls). Methods. Transvaginal color Doppler sonography ...
Lau K - - 2012
Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO) is a syndrome caused by inactivating mutations in the GNAS (guanine nucleotide-binding protein, alpha-stimulating) gene. Patients with AHO have short stature, obesity, brachydactyly and subcutaneous calcifications. AHO can be associated with pseudohypoparathyroidism type IA (PHP-IA) with upregulation of parathyroid hormone, whereas in pseudo-pseudohypoparathyroidism (PPHP), an endocrinopathy ...
Resende Mariângela - - 2012
Acromegaly is a chronic, insidious and rare disease, caused by hyper secretion of the growth hormone, which metabolic and trophic effects commonly result in cutaneous manifestations, sometimes preceding other clinical symptoms. The authors have assessed 15 patients with acromegaly and found dermatologic lesions in all of them, mainly skin thickening, ...
Aron David - - 2012
The term adrenal incidentaloma (AI) is usually defined as an adrenal mass unexpectedly detected through an imaging procedure performed for reasons a priori unrelated to adrenal dysfunction or suspected dysfunction. The preferred approach to their management in terms of diagnosis, follow-up, and treatment remain controversial despite a state-of-the-science conference sponsored ...
Campos Niklas Söderberg - - 2012
Incidental parathyroidectomy is a common event in thyroid surgery. The literature shows a finding of parathyroid glands ranging from 6.4% to 31% in pathological specimens of the thyroid gland. OBJECTIVE: To collect the amount of parathyroid glands found in surgical specimens of thyroidectomy and correlate with the histopathological and demographic ...
Solnik Meir Jonathon - - 2012
Incidental adnexal masses occur with relatively high frequency in post-menopausal women, with a prevalence rate of 3.3-18% in asymptomatic patients. Unilocular, benign-appearing ovarian cysts represent the vast majority of abnormal findings at transvaginal ultrasonography. As many as 80% will resolve over a period of several months; if persistent, unchanged, less ...
Witherspoon Jolene - - 2012
Parathyroid cysts are rare causes of neck swelling accounting for 0.6% of thyroid and parathyroid lesions. They may be functional, resulting in the release of parathyroid hormone, or non-functional. Non-functional cysts may be cosmetically unacceptable or cause dysphagia, dyspnoea or recurrent laryngeal nerve palsy as a result of compression. This ...
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