Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 680
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Artico M - - 1999
Intracranial tuberculosis accounts for less than 0.2% of intracranial space-occupying lesions diagnosed and treated in western countries, while it still represents a major neurosurgical finding in underdeveloped countries. The introduction of chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of tubercular infection, as well as the general improvement in the socio-economic status of ...
Lee V W - - 1999
PURPOSE: To determine the efficacy of sequential thallium and gallium scintigraphy to differentiate intracranial neoplasms (lymphoma and glioma) from other nonmalignant intracranial mass lesions among patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors reviewed the cases of 40 patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who underwent thallium ...
Tortori-Donati P - - 1999
Contrast-enhancing intracranial masses are rarely found in infants with extracranial capillary haemangiomas (CH). We aimed to assess their nature and progression in three patients undergoing CT and/or MRI. The changes in size of both extra- and intracranial lesions were recorded. In a fourth case, a single examination was obtained. All ...
Mohanty A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Intracranial tuberculous abscesses are uncommon clinical entities, even in countries where tuberculosis is endemic. Surgical excision and antituberculous treatment is the treatment of choice. The role of stereotactic aspiration in the management of these lesions is highlighted in this communication. METHODS: Three patients, all receiving treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis, ...
Paspala A B - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Lymphomatoid granulomatosis [LYG] is an angiocentric, angiodestructive disease at the higher grade end of the spectrum of angiocentric immunoproliferative lesions. It primarily involves the lungs, but it may also involve several extrapulmonary sites including the central nervous system (CNS), skin, and kidneys. CASE DESCRIPTION: Clinical presentation, radiology and treatment ...
Araki M - - 1999
Extracranial metastasis of an intracranial anaplastic ganglioglioma through a ventriculoperitoneal shunt is reported. A 53-year-old woman was treated by surgery, radiation and chemotherapy and died 2 years later. At autopsy, multiple metastatic lesions were found in the spinal cord, and the abdominal and pleural cavities. Histologically, all the metastatic lesions ...
Knauer-Fischer S - - 1999
A case of a pontine tuberculoma in a 12-year-old male from Somalia is presented. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging, performed in Abu Dhabi 1 month before admission in Germany revealed a tumorous lesion in the pons with surrounding edema; a presumptive diagnosis of a pontine glioma was made. Chest radiograph disclosed ...
Donich D - - 1999
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: The presentation, diagnosis, and treatment are described for a patient with a giant ependymoma involving the right cerebellopontine angle extending into the cavernous sinus. This case presents the unusual occurrence of a large extra-axial intracranial ependymoma and is the first reported case of cavernous sinus extension of ...
Jacome D E - - 1998
A young woman with frontal headaches of several months' evolution and monocular transient "tunnel" obscurations that developed after a generalized seizure is described. She had elevation of the optic discs (pseudopapilledema), greater on the side of her visual symptoms. No intracranial lesions were identified. Cerebrospinal fluid pressure was increased, diagnostic ...
Litofsky N S - - 1998
Leiomyosarcoma has recently been identified as an AIDS-related tumor, usually occurring in children in the chest or abdomen. We describe a case of intracranial leiomyosarcoma in an adult with AIDS. An enhancing mass adjacent to the right occipital cortical surface was diagnosed during a work-up for left arm weakness. Imaging ...
Tosomeen A H - - 1998
We describe the case of a 26-year-old Indian woman who presented to our institution with seizures and papilledema. Her diagnosis was originally thought to be neurocysticercosis, but later confirmed to be intracranial tuberculoma. Antituberculous therapy with isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide and ethambutol was initiated. Improvement in the patient's neurological symptoms with ...
Pollo C - - 1998
Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumour (DNT), a non-evolutive intracranial cortical lesion, is generally associated with epileptic seizures principally among youths. A case of a DNT which presented with uncommon clinical features, characterized by severe intracranial hypertension and progressive blindness warranting emergency surgery, is documented. In addition to the classical radiological and neuropathological ...
Nakayama T - - 1998
A 43-year-old male presented with headache localized in the right forehead. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a cystic mass in the frontal sinus, with a huge extension into the anterior cranial fossa. The mass was removed by transcranial surgery. The cyst contained pus. Histological examination of the cyst ...
Chong V F - - 1998
The parapharyngeal space (PPS) is a central space in the deep neck. Intrinsic lesions within this space are limited. Other spaces in the neck are closely related to the PPS and the direction of displacement of this space often suggests the origin of a lesion. The morphology of a lesion, ...
Varan A - - 1998
Retinoblastoma and intracranial tumors are rarely found together. Here we report on a case with unilateral retinoblastoma and pineal tumor without symptoms of an intracranial mass at the time of diagnosis. The patient was found to have a retinoblastoma of the other eye at the 10th month of follow-up.
Koçak A - - 1998
Although the association of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and tumoral lesions in adult is well known, hemorrhage from a sinonasal carcinoma extending to the intracranial cavity is exceedingly rare. In this paper, the authors report on a 12-year-old girl who presented with SAH caused by a sinonasal carcinoma located in the ...
Turoglu H T - - 1998
Examples of Ga-67 and Tl-201 scans in AIDS patients performed at St. Vincent's Hospital and Medical Center of New York are presented. Use of these methods is the adopted approach at this institution in AIDS patients for localizing sites of tumor or infection involvement. A Ga-67 scan is the most ...
Majós C - - 1998
We report a case of ganglioglioma located in the body and frontal horn of the right lateral ventricle. The lesion was found in a 71-year-old man who suffered from recurrent episodes of right hemicranial headache. CT and MRI showed a heterogeneous intraventricular tumour with multiple microcysts that suggested a diagnosis ...
Chacko G - - 1998
A 62-year-old woman presented with raised intracranial pressure and features of a right cerebellopontine angle tumour with extension into the right middle cranial fossa. The patient died before a surgical excision could be performed. The autopsy revealed a primary esthesioneuroblastoma of the sphenoid sinus eroding the petrous bone and extending ...
Huang M H - - 1998
The correct differential diagnosis of an abnormal head shape in an infant or a child is vital to the management of this common condition. Establishing the presence of craniosynostosis, which warrants surgical correction, versus non-synostotic causes of head deformity, which do not, is not always straightforward. This paper deals with ...
Mascalchi M - - 1998
Magnetic resonance imaging showed transient regression of the lesion after intravenous steroid administration in a patient with intracranial multifocal germ cell tumour. Prominent lymphocyte infiltration of the tumour was seen at histological examination and presumably accounts for the regression. Germ cell tumour must be included in the differential diagnosis of ...
Grandjean P - - 1998
PURPOSE: The stereotactic irradiation of intracranial lesions constitutes an excellent example of conformational therapy whose purpose is to adapt the dose envelope to the target volume with great precision and at the same time to deliver as low a dose as possible to the healthy tissues. We propose the mathematical ...
Chang K H - - 1998
PURPOSE: Our objective was to evaluate the proton MR spectroscopic pattern of the cystic contents of various intracranial masses and to report characteristic spectral patterns that may be helpful in the differential diagnosis of these lesions. METHODS: We evaluated 40 proton MR spectra obtained from cystic contents of various intracranial ...
Erduran E - - 1998
Factor VII (FVII) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive hereditary disorder characterized by a normal partial thromboplastin time and a prolonged prothrombin time. For definitive diagnosis, the specific FVII level should be investigated. We report on a 7-month-old boy with congenital FVII deficiency suffering from convulsions and intracerebral hemorrhage. Hematologic ...
Grayeli A B - - 1998
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: The cavernous sinus is an exceptional location for intracranial tuberculomas. A rapid diagnosis, based on pathological findings, improves the prognosis. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A case of left cavernous sinus tuberculoma, revealed by frontal headaches and ipsilateral palsies of Cranial Nerves III and V, in a 48-year-old patient is ...
Katz S E - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The authors present seven cases of orbital combined venous lymphatic vascular malformations (CVLVM) (lymphangioma) with evidence of noncontiguous intracranial vascular anomalies. DESIGN: The study design was a review. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Radiologic studies of 25 patients with combined venous lymphatic vascular malformations were evaluated for noncontiguous intracranial vascular anomalies. ...
Hanci M - - 1998
The authors report of a case of pseudotumour caused by Candida species without evidence of any underlying disease. No portal of entry of the infection was found. Total removal followed by treatment with flucanazole resulted in a favorable outcome. We discuss the differential diagnosis of a huge calcified intracranial mass ...
Hurst R W - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVF) usually drain directly into large dural venous sinuses. Intracranial hemorrhage is therefore unusual with these lesions. Certain subgroups of DAVF may drain into cortical veins causing engorgement, venous hypertension, and hemorrhage. The region of the superior sagittal sinus (SSS), while an unusual location for ...
Niimura K - - 1997
Infantile myofibromatosis (IM) is a proliferative disorder of infancy and early childhood characterized by the nodular or diffuse growth of lesions that are comprised of a mixture of mesenchymal elements. Intracranial involvement is reportedly rare, only eight such patients having been reported to our knowledge. We report on a 4-year-old ...
Lee A G - - 1997
Intracranial adenoid cystic carcinoma is uncommon. We report two unusual cases of intracranial adenoid cystic carcinoma. The first patient presented with a steroid-responsive optic neuropathy from an orbital mass that simulated orbital pseudotumor, and subsequently developed intracranial involvement, presumably by contiguous perineural spread. The second patient presented with proptosis of ...
Ozveren F - - 1997
A 63-year-old female presented with intracranial tuberculoma manifesting as severe headache. Systemic examination found a mass in the left kidney. The histological diagnosis was tuberculoma after kidney biopsy. Cranial computed tomography found two lesions, in the right frontal and occipital lobes. The intracranial lesions were considered to be tuberculomas. Tuberculosis ...
Schultz K D KD - - 1997
A case of an intracerebral juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) producing complex-partial seizures in a 13-year-old boy is presented. Although the child had no history of JXGs or a systemic histiocytic proliferative disorder, the histopathological and immunocytochemical studies of this lesion were identical to that of a cutaneous JXG. This represents the ...
Noble E R - - 1997
We present two cases of unusually large skull base paragangliomas. The first tumor was accompanied by marked bony destruction of the central skull base and multiple associated cysts. The second tumor arose along the petrous ridge, with a large intracranial component. The CT, MR imaging, angiographic, histologic, and electron microscopic ...
Huang P P - - 1997
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Although the differential diagnosis of intracranial lesions in patients who have tested positive for human immunodeficiency virus is extensive, toxoplasmosis, lymphoma, and progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy comprise approximately 90% of such cases. Cytomegalovirus infection of the central nervous system may be difficult to diagnose and rarely presents as ...
Lo P A - - 1997
Sinus pericranii is an unusual and rare condition characterized by an abnormal communication between an intracranial venous sinus and the extracranial venous circulation. Patients are usually children and often asymptomatic, presenting only when cosmetic concerns are raised by the parents or the presence of a scalp lump is noted. The ...
Pelkey T J - - 1997
We report the earliest in utero presentation of a 'giant' glioependymal cyst detected on routine prenatal ultrasound at 22 weeks estimated gestational age. The clinicopathologic features of these rare lesions are reviewed as well as previous reports of glioependymal cysts detected in utero. The effects of large intracranial cysts on ...
Mori T - - 1997
The purposes of this study were to determine the optimal time for initial follow-up angiography, the restenosis rate after successful intracranial percutaneous transluminal cerebral angioplasty (PTCBA), and finally to identify lesion-specific characteristics for predicting successful angioplasty. Thirty-five patients underwent PTCBA with follow-up angiography 3 and 12 months later. Although 27 ...
Van Hemert R L - - 1997
Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and venography (MRV) are useful tools in the diagnosis and analysis of both intracranial and head and neck tumors. These procedures illuminate the three-dimensional relationships of the tumors and the adjacent cerebral vasculature. Contrast administration allows further analysis of these lesions. Research continues to improve the ...
Lee T T - - 1997
Intraventricular neoplasms of the third ventricle represent a small minority of intracranial tumors. Furthermore, few cases of solitary, third ventricular glioblastoma multiforme were reported in the literature. The authors report a case of a fifty-nine year old man who presented with progressive gait disturbance, disorientation, diffuse headache, and vomiting. Computed ...
Duong D H - - 1997
Intravascular papillary endothelial hyperplasia (IPEH) is a rare benign reactive lesion usually found in thrombosed subcutaneous blood vessels. It uncommonly occurs in the central nervous system and may be mistaken for a more malignant type of tumour such as angiosarcoma. We present a first case of multiple IPEH occurring intracranially ...
Bejjani G K - - 1996
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: 'Trilateral retinoblastoma' designates the association of bilateral retinoblastomas with an ectopic (non-metastatic) intracranial primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET). Although the intracranial tumor, usually located in the pineal region, is seen 2-3 years after discovery of the bilateral ocular tumors, variant presentations do occur. The intraocular tumor can be ...
Davies M A - - 1996
A number of classification schemes for intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) have been published that claim to predict which lesions will present in a benign or aggressive fashion based on radiological anatomy. We have tested the validity of two proposed classification schemes for the first time in a large single-institution ...
Chua R - - 1996
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: There are increasing reports of nasal sinus mucopyoceles eroding the base of the cranium and causing the rapid onset of neurological complications. Uncommon presentations can mimic tumors, but the infectious nature mandates an urgent surgical decompression. It is important to document these uncommon presentations. CLINICIAL PRESENTATION: A ...
Ravikumar C - - 1996
A rare case of basal ganglionic angioleiomyoma in a 12-year-old girl is reported. She presented with features of raised intracranial tension, multifocal seizures, left hemidystonia and apraxia of eyelid closure. Cranial CT scan showed a large hypodense lesion with an enhancing mural nodule in the region of head of the ...
Pensler J M - - 1996
Ten patients with gliomas were treated between 1977 and 1993. Three of the lesions (30 percent) exhibited intracranial extension. Fifty percent (2 of 4) of the intranasal lesions exhibited intracranial extension. Effective removal of the lesion required manipulation of nasal bones in intranasal lesions and extranasal lesions with intranasal extension. ...
Ng S H - - 1996
A 35-year-old woman presented with a 6-month history of intermittent headaches, vomiting and dizziness. CT showed a plaque-like mass with tiny calcifications along the surface of the left frontal lobe. The mass exhibited heterogeneous enhancement with a few low-density foci. Underlying sulcal obliteration and enhancement and white matter oedema were ...
Zou Y - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Artificial Neural Network (ANN), as a potential powerful classifier, was explored to assist psychiatric diagnosis of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). METHOD: Both Back-Propagation (BP) and Kohonen networks were developed to fit psychiatric diagnosis and programmed (using 60 cases) to classify neurosis, schizophrenia and normal people. The programmed ...
Schutte C M - - 1996
This report describes five patients with intracranial tuberculosis (TB): four with tuberculous meningitis and one with intracranial tuberculomas. In all cases the diagnosis was confirmed by excision biopsy of an enlarged cervical or axillary lymph node. The biopsies showed caseating granulomas and acid fast bacilli, confirming the diagnosis of TB ...
Hwang D H - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Colloid cyst of the third ventricle has rarely been reported in the ophthalmic literature. The incidence is about one per 1000 in asymptomatic patients and accounts for 0.55 to 2 percent of all intracranial tumors. Although it is an uncommon benign tumor, nearly half of symptomatic patients present with ...
Zimmerman J R - - 1996
This case shows an unusual intracranial cause of chronic headache in a 30-year-old female. Computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging were used to demonstrate an intracranial, dermoid cyst located in the left middle cranial fossa. Droplets of fat-like material, which leaked from this cyst, were present in the basilar subarachnoid ...
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