Search Results
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Pawar Sanjay J - - 2003
Intracranial angiolipomas are rare entities and are infrequently symptomatic. These benign lesions are adherent to the surrounding neurovascular structures as they share the same blood supply, which limits their resectability, and impose a possibility of persistence of symptoms. However, due to recent advancements in the neuro-radiological fields and microneurosurgical techniques ...
Nabeshima Kazuki - - 2003
We present a rare case of intracranial mucocele associated with frontal sinus osteoma in a patient suffering from generalized convulsion. The intracranial mucocele occurs as a complication of obstruction of sinus drainage caused by osteoma, but it is often diagnosed preoperatively as an intracranial or intracerebral cyst because of the ...
St Clair William H - - 2003
Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is an evolving therapeutic modality for well demarcated intracranial lesions. Since the inception of stereotactic radiosurgery the types of parenchymal CNS lesions addressed by this mode of treatment has increased. All modern stereotactic radiosurgical procedures employ several common features. Patients are fitted with a stereotactic head frame ...
Dabholkar J P - - 2003
Congenital lesions by definition are present at birth; but certain congenital lesions of the head and neck, like branchial cysts and dermoid cysts, clinically present in childhood, early adulthood or late in life. A good history and a high degree of suspicion are the key to the adequate management of ...
Akhaddar A - - 2003
Liponeurocytoma (lipomatous medulloblastoma) is an uncommon clinicopathologic entity. We report a case of cerebellar liponeurocytoma in an adult and attempt to better characterize this uncommon lesion. A 43-year-old woman presented with symptoms and signs of increased intracranial pressure and cerebellar dysfunction. CT and MRI showed a heterogeneous well-circumscribed mass in ...
Venkatesh S K - - 2003
Interpeduncular lipoma (IPL) is a very rare benign intracranial lesion. Non-invasive diagnosis of this condition is important, as these lesions are usually asymptomatic and are found incidentally. We describe a rare case of IPL in a 35-year-old woman presenting with headache of long duration and a recent increase in severity ...
Pau Antonio - - 2003
Intracranial subaural osteomas without any relation to osseous or meningeal tissues are rare, with only five cases including the present one having been reported so far. In most patients headache, which was always localized at the site of the lesion, was the most frequent complaint and subsided after complete resection ...
Comi Anne M - - 2003
We report two cases of leptomeningeal angiomatosis in atypical frontoparietotemporal locations without an associated facial port-wine stain. Evidence of a leptomeningeal angioma was found in each when they were evaluated for headaches and seizures. The diagnosis of a leptomeningeal angioma was suggested by calcifications noted on computed tomographic scan of ...
Hadjipanayis Constantinos G - - 2003
Sinus histiocytosis or Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare idiopathic histioproliferative disorder typically characterized by painless cervical lymphadenopathy, fever, and weight loss. Extranodal, intracranial disease is uncommon. In this report the authors describe the first case of intracranial RDD treated with stereotactic radiosurgery after resection. This 52-year-old man with known ...
Chepuri Neeraj B - - 2003
We report the CT, MR imaging, and histologic findings in a patient with an intracranial mass diagnosed as xanthoma disseminatum (XD). The mass demonstrated radiographic findings typical for a glioma. However, histologic examination of brain and dermal lesions showed findings characteristic of XD. XD is a rare dermatologic disorder of ...
Lesniak Maciej S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Xanthogranulomas of the central nervous system are rare, and asymptomatic lesions are often identified in autopsies. We report the first case of a multicentric, cystic, intraparenchymal xanthogranuloma, involving both the supra- and infratentorial compartments, in a 16-month-old girl. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: The clinical presentation consisted of a focal ...
Rapanà A - - 2002
The unusual case of an exclusively intracranial localization of fasciitis (CF) in a man aged 47 is reported. The cystic lesion had been accidentally discovered 10 years before when the patient sustained a contralateral ischemic stroke; the cyst, being absolutely silent, was not operated on at that time. After 10 ...
Konno S - - 2002
The patient was a 6 year-old girl with a progressive loss of visual acuity. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a suprasellar mass lesion with enhanced gadolinium which was resected. Histopathological study showed a remarkable granulomatous reaction, but a diagnosis was difficult. However, immunohistochemical study showed a few cells that were positive ...
Talan-Hranilovic Jasna - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Seven cases of neurocysticercosis and three cases of neuroechinococcosis with symptoms of elevated intracranial pressure requiring urgent neurosurgical treatment are described. No neuroradiologic procedure established exact diagnosis preoperatively; this was achieved by pathohistologic analysis of bioptic material. METHODS: Ten patients with duration of clinical symptoms ranging from 1 week ...
Chung You-Nam - - 2002
Rhabdoid tumors of the central nervous system are rare malignancies. Primary central nervous system atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (ATT/RhTs) mostly occur during early childhood and are almost invariably fatal. These tumors show similar histological and radiological features to primitive neuroectodermal tumormedulloblastoma (PNET-MB) but have different biological behaviors. We report a case ...
Kotil K - - 2002
Schilder's myelinoclastic diffuse sclerosis is a rare demyelinating disease, which often mimics intracranial neoplasm or abscess. This disease is of importance to the neurosurgeon in that the clinical manifestations and course may closely simulate brain tumour, including the development of papilloedema and other signs of increased intracranial pressure. We have ...
Alshahrani Abdulrahman M - - 2002
Abnormalities of body temperature are perhaps the most common features in many systemic pathologic processes. Such pathologic alterations are nearly always the result of extrinsic factors (for example, systemic pyrogens) which affect the hypothalamic thermoregulatory center by way of circulatory system. Much less common is alterations in temperature regulation resulting ...
Srikanth S G - - 2002
Intracranial metastases of central nervous system are relatively common in patients with systemic cancer. Computed tomography (CT) scans of 60 patients of intracranial metastatic disease of unknown primaries, at the time of surgery, were retrospectively analyzed. These patients primarily presented with neurological dysfunction. They were operated upon for various reasons ...
Gonzalez-Martinez Jorge A - - 2002
Chordomas are rare tumors of the central nervous system and primarily occur in the extradural space. We report two patients with intracranial chordomas located in the region of the clivus that invaded the prepontine cisterns. The patients, 45 and 62 years old, had histories of cranial neuropathies and headache, respectively. ...
Chang Yun Woo - - 2002
Trilateral retinoblastoma is the association of bilateral retinoblastomas and an intracranial primitive neuroectodermal tumour. Bilateral retinoblastomas with a pineal tumour are typical manifestations of this association. However, there may be variants, including unilateral retinoblastoma with intracranial tumour. The intracranial tumour can occur in the suprasellar or parasellar regions even before ...
Jenny B - - 2002
Fibromatosis is a locally aggressive, proliferative fibroblastic lesion affecting musculoaponeurotic structures, most often in the limbs and trunk. Intracranial fibromatosis is extremely rare and requires aggressive treatment to prevent recurrence. We present the case of a 48 year old woman with aggressive skull base fibromatosis. The lesion extended through the ...
Stendel Ruediger - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Intracranial dermoid cysts are rare congenital neoplasms that are believed to arise from ectopic cell rests incorporated in the closing neural tube. The rupture of an intracranial dermoid cyst is a relatively rare event that typically occurs spontaneously. In the past it was believed that rupture is always fatal, ...
Nomura Hiroaki - - 2002
A 17-year-old woman presented with a rare case of intracranial seeding of craniopharyngioma after repeated surgery. She initially presented with secondary amenorrhea and visual impairment. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a suprasellar mass. Subtotal removal of the tumor was performed. The diagnosis was adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma. Seven months later, the patient underwent ...
Sheu Mary - - 2002
Sinus pericranii is a rare disorder characterized by a congenital or acquired epicranial blood-filled nodule of the scalp that is in communication with an intracranial dural sinus through dilated diploic veins of the skull. We describe two patients with sinus pericranii: a 3-year-old boy with a congenital lesion and a ...
Bartels T - - 2002
Four birds in a flock of 125 purebred Crested ducks (Anas platyrhynchos f. dom.) had cerebellar signs of unknown etiology. They had radiographically evident perforations of various sizes in the parieto-occipital calvaria. Gross necropsy of euthanatized ducks revealed yellow intracranial masses in the brain of each. Histologically, these masses were ...
Kaplan Stuart S - - 2002
Infantile myofibromatosis is the most common fibrous disorder of infancy and early childhood. Intracranial involvement is rare, with the majority of lesions being localized to the skull or dura with variable intracranial extension. We present the case of a 19-month-old girl with infantile myofibromatosis and an incidentally discovered, enlarging, calcified, ...
Randeva H S - - 2002
Neurosarcoidosis is a rare, but well-recognized cause of hypopituitarism with a predilection for the hypothalamus. We describe a case of panhypopituitarism in a 57-yr-old Asian lady, associated with an infiltrating hypothalamo-hypophyseal lesion, and other intracranial deposits, initially diagnosed as cerebral tuberculomata. Despite antituberculous therapy, the intracranial lesions progressed with significant ...
Martínez-Lage J F - - 2002
A 6-year-old girl, previously diagnosed with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) presented with ataxia and symptoms of raised intracranial pressure. Diagnostic work up disclosed a posterior fossa tumor. Histopathological study of the excised neoplasm showed a cerebellar medulloblastoma. We review the current literature and suggest that the association of medulloblastoma with ...
Sylaja P N - - 2002
Idiopathic hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis is a rare form of fibrosing chronic inflammatory process of unknown etiology, which causes thickening of the intracranial dura mater. We present four patients with hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis who presented with chronic headache and cranial nerve palsies. The diagnosis of idiopathic hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis was based ...
Schmidinger A - - 2002
Long-term follow-up reports on chondroid lesions of the skull base are rarely presented in the literature. There are virtually no data on natural growth rates of these tumors based on MRI obtained over a period of 10 years or longer. We followed a patient who has had such a lesion ...
Rózyło-Kalinowska Ingrid - - 2002
Intracranial calcifications are often an accidental finding on conventional radiograms or computed tomography (CT) scans. They can be physiologic or pathologic, accompanying various diseases of the central nervous system. Pathologic calcifications can be found in tumors as well as in other non-neoplastic diseases. In differential diagnosis of intracranial calcifications there ...
Wang Huei-Shyong - - 2002
The diagnostic value of transcranial ultrasound for intracranial lesions in children with headaches was evaluated. From January 1995 to December 1998, 444 children with headaches for more than 2 weeks visited our Pediatric Neurologic and Neurosurgical Outpatient Clinics. A 2-MHz-sector sonographic transducer was used to perform transcranial ultrasound. Nineteen patients ...
Schwartz T H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Intracranial plasmacytomas are rare lesions that can arise from the calvarium, dura, or cranial base and exhibit a benign course unless associated with myeloma. Attention has recently been focused on the role of the cell adhesion molecules CD56 and CD31 in the pathogenesis of myeloma. No such information is ...
Verney Y - - 2001
Congenital midline nasal masses are rare anomalies that occur in about one in 20,000-40,000 live births. The most common are dermoid/epidermoid tumors, nasal cerebral heterotopias (nasal gliomas), and nasal encephaloceles; some have an actual or potential central nervous system connection. Nasal gliomas are CNS masses of neurogenic origin which have ...
Singhi P D - - 2001
Single small enhancing computed tomographic lesions (SSECTL) are commonly seen in Indian children presenting with focal or at times generalized seizures. One-third of the subjects have raised intracranial pressure; focal deficit may occasionally occur depending on the localization of the lesion. SSECTLs mostly represent neurocysticercosis granulomas; visualization of scolex on ...
Somjee S - - 2001
This report describes a rare case of multiple intracranial, extradural chloromas. A five year old African American male presented with headache, fever, and vomiting. The peripheral blood smear showed myeloblasts with Auer rods. The CTscan of the brain showed three intracranial, epidural lesions as well as soft tissue masses in ...
Suresh T N - - 2001
A retrospective analysis of clinicopathological data of 10 patients with clinically unsuspected cerebral metastatic choriocarcinoma was carried out. All patients were young adult females. History of preceding pregnancy/abortion was forthcoming in 5 cases but none had a prior history of abnormal gestation. Features of raised intracranial tension followed by hemiparesis ...
Ito K - - 2001
A patient is reported with an intracranial subdural hematoma after puncture of spinal meningeal cysts. In this case, spinal meningeal cysts were diagnosed by myelography. No intracranial subdural hematoma was detected immediately after myelography. Deterioration in the patient's level of consciousness occurred after puncture of the cysts. The authors speculated ...
Mori H - - 2001
Though diffusion-weighted MRI has been applied to various intracranial lesions, few reports had been presented about cerebral hamartomatous lesions in patients with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). In this study, we report the interval changes of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in a presumed hamartomatous lesion. In our case, the ADC increased ...
Alatakis S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: We present a case of spinal leptomeningeal metastasis from an intracranial glioblastoma multiforme that presented with radicular pain. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 55-year-old man with a previously treated supratentorial glioblastoma multiforme presented with a 12-month history of thoracic radicular pain. MRI of the thoracic spine demonstrated an intradural extramedullary metastatic ...
Bilkay U - - 2001
All suspected congenital abnormalities of the nose require further evaluation. The nasal dermoid sinus cyst (NDSC) is one of the many midline nasal masses that often pose diagnostic and treatment dilemmas for the plastic and reconstructive surgeon. NDSCs are distinct from other facial dermoids in their potential for involving deeper ...
Siqueira M G - - 2001
Intranasal schwannomas are rare lesions, specially when they present with an intracranial extension. The fifth case in the medical literature of a naso-ethmoid schwannoma with extension into the anterior cranial fossa is presented. The magnetic resonance findings and the details of the combined intracranial / transfacial operative approach used are ...
Chang K C - - 2001
Nasal gliomas are rare, benign, congenital tumors that are thought to be the result of an abnormality in embryonic development. Three types of clinical presentations have been recognized: extranasal (60%), intranasal (30%), and combined (10%). Clinically, these masses are firm, noncompressible, nonpulsatile, gray or purple lesions that obstruct the nasal ...
Marras C - - 2001
A rare case of a giant, temporo-occipital sinus pericranii is presented. A 38-year-old male presented with minor symptoms of headache and heaviness over an enlarging temporo-occipital bone defect. Within the defect a soft, compressible, mass lesion was observed, which varied in size with changes in intracranial pressure. Radiological imaging demonstrated ...
Hamid R K - - 2001
Hydrocephalus, one of the most common adult and pediatric neurosurgical disorders, is an abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricular system as a result of obstruction to the flow of cerebrospinal fluid. Causes of hydrocephalus include congenital obstruction, hemorrhage, infection, cysts and tumors, and associated neural tube deformities (i.e., ...
Nowak D A - - 2001
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease of unknown cause and with a worldwide distribution. Involvement of the central nervous system occurs in a relatively small number of patients with sarcoidosis. Isolated neurosarcoidosis without signs of systemic disease is a rarity. Because of its non-specific clinical presentation and neuroradiological imaging characteristics, intracranial ...
Rouev P - - 2001
We report a 1 day old girl with a nasal mass that was diagnosed as an intranasal glioma. The tumor mass was noted to be localized laterally from, and based along, the inferior turbinate. Nasal glioma is a developmental abnormality of neurogenic origin with no malignant potential. An intranasal mass ...
Boker A - - 2001
PURPOSE: To describe the care of a pregnant woman with von Hippel-Lindau disease (VHLD) and intracranial mass lesions. CLINICAL FEATURES: A 30-yr-old primigravida with VHLD at 35 weeks gestation was seen at the obstetric anesthesia clinic because she wished an epidural analgesia during labour. She had a history of headaches ...
Pillai J J - - 2001
PURPOSE: To determine whether the initial angiographic morphology and location of intracranial arterial occlusions in acute stroke are reliable predictors of success of thrombolysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three intracranial occlusions were studied in 32 patients who underwent intraarterial thrombolysis with urokinase within 6 hours from clinical onset of stroke symptoms. ...
Friedman D I - - 2001
There is perhaps no neuro-ophthalmic sign that is as ominous as papilledema. True papilledema from increased intracranial pressure may be a harbinger of serious neurological disease. There, however, are other conditions that may mimic papilledema, contributing to the diagnostic dilemma. This article concerns the detection and differential diagnosis of papilledema, ...
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