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Results 251 - 300 of 680
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Ecker Robert D - - 2004
PURPOSE: Subependymomas are rare, slow-growing intracranial neoplasms of the subependymal matrix. We document a successful case of radiosurgical treatment of a multiply recurrent subependymoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A nineteen-year-old male developed a recurrent fourth ventricular subependymoma after 6 resections, fractionated radiation therapy (50.4 Gy) and chemotherapy. In addition, a lesion ...
Roche P-H - - 2004
We report a study of a 22-year-old woman with a plasma-cell granuloma (PCG), a rare intracranial lesion characterized by a non-neoplastic polyclonal proliferation of plasma cells and other mononuclear cells. She presented after a generalized seizure and CT-scan and magnetic resonance images demonstrated a left temporo-basal tumour mass involving both ...
Brannan Suzanne O - - 2003
Solitary plasmacytomas rarely develop in the skull, meninges, or brain. Ophthalmic signs as the initial manifestations of solitary intracranial plasmacytoma have rarely been described. We report the neuro-ophthalmologic, imaging, and pathologic findings for two patients. One patient presented with optic neuropathy, the second with bilateral sixth nerve palsies. Plasmacytoma is ...
McBride Lori A - - 2003
Ten patients with intracranial arachnoid cysts were treated with direct shunting of the cyst to a lateral ventricle. The strategic goal of cystoventricular shunting is to establish physiologically normal intracranial pressure relationships, rather than cyst obliteration. Cystoventricular shunts were successful in treating single and multiple intracranial cysts in supratentorial and ...
Shukla D - - 2003
Haemangioma calcificans is a relatively rare intracranial tumour, which is characterized by the presence of a calcified nodule in or near the brain. The patient is most often an adult of either sex, who develops seizures. The lesion can be large enough to produce raised intracranial pressure. The location of ...
Mathews Michaela K - - 2003
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss the current standard in diagnosis and treatment of pseudotumor cerebri (PTC), the syndrome of increased intracranial pressure without a brain tumor. Since PTC is a diagnosis of exclusion, the differential diagnostic work-up is of special importance. RECENT FINDINGS: Modern imaging techniques have facilitated the differential ...
Kalcioğlu M Tayyar - - 2003
A thirteen-year-old boy with Ewing's sarcoma was presented. The treatment was considerably delayed because of the initial diagnostic difficulties due to its insidious presentation and the unwillingness of the child's parents to further investigations and treatment. During a three-year delay, the tumor turned out to be a gross painful mass ...
Beckner Marie E - - 2003
Intracranial EMH is only occasionally found in primary brain tumors (mostly hemangioblastomas) and, to our knowledge, this is the first case of EMH associated with an astrocytoma. Intracranial extramedullary hematopoiesis (EMH) is described in a 29-year-old man with a recurrent pilocytic astrocytoma in the tectal region. Special stains confirmed the ...
Omalu Bennet I - - 2003
The February COM. A 53-year-old obese man presented with new onset seizures and an MRI scan revealed a large cystic and necrotic heterogeneously enhancing left frontal mass. Craniotomy revealed a firm subdural tumor on the cortical surface that was delivered en-bloc preserving the pial planes and stripping it from the ...
Haridas A - - 2003
Chordomas are relatively rare neoplasms that appear to originate from benign remnants of primitive notochord. They account for about 0.15% of all intracranial neoplasm and are the most common of extradural neoplasms that involve the clivus. Although they present mostly with signs and symptoms of other intracranial lesions they rarely ...
Giese A - - 2003
We present the unusual occurrence of multiple systemic and two central nervous system tuberculomas in an immunocompetent young patient. A large left frontal epidural tuberculoma with transcalvarian extension was removed surgically and chemotherapy was initiated. The patient remained on a chemotherapy with INH, RMP, and EMB and was followed clinically ...
Sklar Evelyn M L - - 2003
We present a patient with a biopsy-proved sinonasal intestinal-type adenocarcinoma who presented with moderate confusion. He was found to have bifrontal hemorrhages, which to our knowledge has not been previously described in the literature for this entity. Intestinal-type adenocarcinoma should be in the differential diagnosis of aggressive lesions in the ...
Kageji Teruyoshi - - 2003
We report a 13-month-old boy with diencephalic syndrome (DS) due to an optico-hypothalamic juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma (JPA). Massive neuroaxis dissemination was identified at diagnosis. He received 6 courses of combined conventional-dose chemotherapy consisting of carboplatin (CBDCA), etoposide (VP-16), and cyclophosphamide (CPA) followed by high-dose chemotherapy with CBDCA, CPA, and ranimustine ...
Pawar Sanjay J - - 2003
Intracranial angiolipomas are rare entities and are infrequently symptomatic. These benign lesions are adherent to the surrounding neurovascular structures as they share the same blood supply, which limits their resectability, and impose a possibility of persistence of symptoms. However, due to recent advancements in the neuro-radiological fields and microneurosurgical techniques ...
Nabeshima Kazuki - - 2003
We present a rare case of intracranial mucocele associated with frontal sinus osteoma in a patient suffering from generalized convulsion. The intracranial mucocele occurs as a complication of obstruction of sinus drainage caused by osteoma, but it is often diagnosed preoperatively as an intracranial or intracerebral cyst because of the ...
St Clair William H - - 2003
Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is an evolving therapeutic modality for well demarcated intracranial lesions. Since the inception of stereotactic radiosurgery the types of parenchymal CNS lesions addressed by this mode of treatment has increased. All modern stereotactic radiosurgical procedures employ several common features. Patients are fitted with a stereotactic head frame ...
Dabholkar J P - - 2003
Congenital lesions by definition are present at birth; but certain congenital lesions of the head and neck, like branchial cysts and dermoid cysts, clinically present in childhood, early adulthood or late in life. A good history and a high degree of suspicion are the key to the adequate management of ...
Akhaddar A - - 2003
Liponeurocytoma (lipomatous medulloblastoma) is an uncommon clinicopathologic entity. We report a case of cerebellar liponeurocytoma in an adult and attempt to better characterize this uncommon lesion. A 43-year-old woman presented with symptoms and signs of increased intracranial pressure and cerebellar dysfunction. CT and MRI showed a heterogeneous well-circumscribed mass in ...
Venkatesh S K - - 2003
Interpeduncular lipoma (IPL) is a very rare benign intracranial lesion. Non-invasive diagnosis of this condition is important, as these lesions are usually asymptomatic and are found incidentally. We describe a rare case of IPL in a 35-year-old woman presenting with headache of long duration and a recent increase in severity ...
Pau Antonio - - 2003
Intracranial subaural osteomas without any relation to osseous or meningeal tissues are rare, with only five cases including the present one having been reported so far. In most patients headache, which was always localized at the site of the lesion, was the most frequent complaint and subsided after complete resection ...
Comi Anne M - - 2003
We report two cases of leptomeningeal angiomatosis in atypical frontoparietotemporal locations without an associated facial port-wine stain. Evidence of a leptomeningeal angioma was found in each when they were evaluated for headaches and seizures. The diagnosis of a leptomeningeal angioma was suggested by calcifications noted on computed tomographic scan of ...
Hadjipanayis Constantinos G - - 2003
Sinus histiocytosis or Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare idiopathic histioproliferative disorder typically characterized by painless cervical lymphadenopathy, fever, and weight loss. Extranodal, intracranial disease is uncommon. In this report the authors describe the first case of intracranial RDD treated with stereotactic radiosurgery after resection. This 52-year-old man with known ...
Chepuri Neeraj B - - 2003
We report the CT, MR imaging, and histologic findings in a patient with an intracranial mass diagnosed as xanthoma disseminatum (XD). The mass demonstrated radiographic findings typical for a glioma. However, histologic examination of brain and dermal lesions showed findings characteristic of XD. XD is a rare dermatologic disorder of ...
Lesniak Maciej S - - 2002
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Xanthogranulomas of the central nervous system are rare, and asymptomatic lesions are often identified in autopsies. We report the first case of a multicentric, cystic, intraparenchymal xanthogranuloma, involving both the supra- and infratentorial compartments, in a 16-month-old girl. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: The clinical presentation consisted of a focal ...
Rapanà A - - 2002
The unusual case of an exclusively intracranial localization of fasciitis (CF) in a man aged 47 is reported. The cystic lesion had been accidentally discovered 10 years before when the patient sustained a contralateral ischemic stroke; the cyst, being absolutely silent, was not operated on at that time. After 10 ...
Konno S - - 2002
The patient was a 6 year-old girl with a progressive loss of visual acuity. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a suprasellar mass lesion with enhanced gadolinium which was resected. Histopathological study showed a remarkable granulomatous reaction, but a diagnosis was difficult. However, immunohistochemical study showed a few cells that were positive ...
Talan-Hranilovic Jasna - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Seven cases of neurocysticercosis and three cases of neuroechinococcosis with symptoms of elevated intracranial pressure requiring urgent neurosurgical treatment are described. No neuroradiologic procedure established exact diagnosis preoperatively; this was achieved by pathohistologic analysis of bioptic material. METHODS: Ten patients with duration of clinical symptoms ranging from 1 week ...
Chung You-Nam - - 2002
Rhabdoid tumors of the central nervous system are rare malignancies. Primary central nervous system atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumors (ATT/RhTs) mostly occur during early childhood and are almost invariably fatal. These tumors show similar histological and radiological features to primitive neuroectodermal tumormedulloblastoma (PNET-MB) but have different biological behaviors. We report a case ...
Kotil K - - 2002
Schilder's myelinoclastic diffuse sclerosis is a rare demyelinating disease, which often mimics intracranial neoplasm or abscess. This disease is of importance to the neurosurgeon in that the clinical manifestations and course may closely simulate brain tumour, including the development of papilloedema and other signs of increased intracranial pressure. We have ...
Alshahrani Abdulrahman M - - 2002
Abnormalities of body temperature are perhaps the most common features in many systemic pathologic processes. Such pathologic alterations are nearly always the result of extrinsic factors (for example, systemic pyrogens) which affect the hypothalamic thermoregulatory center by way of circulatory system. Much less common is alterations in temperature regulation resulting ...
Srikanth S G - - 2002
Intracranial metastases of central nervous system are relatively common in patients with systemic cancer. Computed tomography (CT) scans of 60 patients of intracranial metastatic disease of unknown primaries, at the time of surgery, were retrospectively analyzed. These patients primarily presented with neurological dysfunction. They were operated upon for various reasons ...
Gonzalez-Martinez Jorge A - - 2002
Chordomas are rare tumors of the central nervous system and primarily occur in the extradural space. We report two patients with intracranial chordomas located in the region of the clivus that invaded the prepontine cisterns. The patients, 45 and 62 years old, had histories of cranial neuropathies and headache, respectively. ...
Chang Yun Woo - - 2002
Trilateral retinoblastoma is the association of bilateral retinoblastomas and an intracranial primitive neuroectodermal tumour. Bilateral retinoblastomas with a pineal tumour are typical manifestations of this association. However, there may be variants, including unilateral retinoblastoma with intracranial tumour. The intracranial tumour can occur in the suprasellar or parasellar regions even before ...
Jenny B - - 2002
Fibromatosis is a locally aggressive, proliferative fibroblastic lesion affecting musculoaponeurotic structures, most often in the limbs and trunk. Intracranial fibromatosis is extremely rare and requires aggressive treatment to prevent recurrence. We present the case of a 48 year old woman with aggressive skull base fibromatosis. The lesion extended through the ...
Stendel Ruediger - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Intracranial dermoid cysts are rare congenital neoplasms that are believed to arise from ectopic cell rests incorporated in the closing neural tube. The rupture of an intracranial dermoid cyst is a relatively rare event that typically occurs spontaneously. In the past it was believed that rupture is always fatal, ...
Nomura Hiroaki - - 2002
A 17-year-old woman presented with a rare case of intracranial seeding of craniopharyngioma after repeated surgery. She initially presented with secondary amenorrhea and visual impairment. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a suprasellar mass. Subtotal removal of the tumor was performed. The diagnosis was adamantinomatous craniopharyngioma. Seven months later, the patient underwent ...
Sheu Mary - - 2002
Sinus pericranii is a rare disorder characterized by a congenital or acquired epicranial blood-filled nodule of the scalp that is in communication with an intracranial dural sinus through dilated diploic veins of the skull. We describe two patients with sinus pericranii: a 3-year-old boy with a congenital lesion and a ...
Bartels T - - 2002
Four birds in a flock of 125 purebred Crested ducks (Anas platyrhynchos f. dom.) had cerebellar signs of unknown etiology. They had radiographically evident perforations of various sizes in the parieto-occipital calvaria. Gross necropsy of euthanatized ducks revealed yellow intracranial masses in the brain of each. Histologically, these masses were ...
Kaplan Stuart S - - 2002
Infantile myofibromatosis is the most common fibrous disorder of infancy and early childhood. Intracranial involvement is rare, with the majority of lesions being localized to the skull or dura with variable intracranial extension. We present the case of a 19-month-old girl with infantile myofibromatosis and an incidentally discovered, enlarging, calcified, ...
Randeva H S - - 2002
Neurosarcoidosis is a rare, but well-recognized cause of hypopituitarism with a predilection for the hypothalamus. We describe a case of panhypopituitarism in a 57-yr-old Asian lady, associated with an infiltrating hypothalamo-hypophyseal lesion, and other intracranial deposits, initially diagnosed as cerebral tuberculomata. Despite antituberculous therapy, the intracranial lesions progressed with significant ...
Martínez-Lage J F - - 2002
A 6-year-old girl, previously diagnosed with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) presented with ataxia and symptoms of raised intracranial pressure. Diagnostic work up disclosed a posterior fossa tumor. Histopathological study of the excised neoplasm showed a cerebellar medulloblastoma. We review the current literature and suggest that the association of medulloblastoma with ...
Sylaja P N - - 2002
Idiopathic hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis is a rare form of fibrosing chronic inflammatory process of unknown etiology, which causes thickening of the intracranial dura mater. We present four patients with hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis who presented with chronic headache and cranial nerve palsies. The diagnosis of idiopathic hypertrophic cranial pachymeningitis was based ...
Schmidinger A - - 2002
Long-term follow-up reports on chondroid lesions of the skull base are rarely presented in the literature. There are virtually no data on natural growth rates of these tumors based on MRI obtained over a period of 10 years or longer. We followed a patient who has had such a lesion ...
Rózyło-Kalinowska Ingrid - - 2002
Intracranial calcifications are often an accidental finding on conventional radiograms or computed tomography (CT) scans. They can be physiologic or pathologic, accompanying various diseases of the central nervous system. Pathologic calcifications can be found in tumors as well as in other non-neoplastic diseases. In differential diagnosis of intracranial calcifications there ...
Wang Huei-Shyong - - 2002
The diagnostic value of transcranial ultrasound for intracranial lesions in children with headaches was evaluated. From January 1995 to December 1998, 444 children with headaches for more than 2 weeks visited our Pediatric Neurologic and Neurosurgical Outpatient Clinics. A 2-MHz-sector sonographic transducer was used to perform transcranial ultrasound. Nineteen patients ...
Schwartz T H - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Intracranial plasmacytomas are rare lesions that can arise from the calvarium, dura, or cranial base and exhibit a benign course unless associated with myeloma. Attention has recently been focused on the role of the cell adhesion molecules CD56 and CD31 in the pathogenesis of myeloma. No such information is ...
Verney Y - - 2001
Congenital midline nasal masses are rare anomalies that occur in about one in 20,000-40,000 live births. The most common are dermoid/epidermoid tumors, nasal cerebral heterotopias (nasal gliomas), and nasal encephaloceles; some have an actual or potential central nervous system connection. Nasal gliomas are CNS masses of neurogenic origin which have ...
Singhi P D - - 2001
Single small enhancing computed tomographic lesions (SSECTL) are commonly seen in Indian children presenting with focal or at times generalized seizures. One-third of the subjects have raised intracranial pressure; focal deficit may occasionally occur depending on the localization of the lesion. SSECTLs mostly represent neurocysticercosis granulomas; visualization of scolex on ...
Somjee S - - 2001
This report describes a rare case of multiple intracranial, extradural chloromas. A five year old African American male presented with headache, fever, and vomiting. The peripheral blood smear showed myeloblasts with Auer rods. The CTscan of the brain showed three intracranial, epidural lesions as well as soft tissue masses in ...
Suresh T N - - 2001
A retrospective analysis of clinicopathological data of 10 patients with clinically unsuspected cerebral metastatic choriocarcinoma was carried out. All patients were young adult females. History of preceding pregnancy/abortion was forthcoming in 5 cases but none had a prior history of abnormal gestation. Features of raised intracranial tension followed by hemiparesis ...
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