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Peral Cagigal Beatriz - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Frontal sinus mucoceles can present with a multitude of different symptoms including ophthalmic disturbances. Even benign, they have a tendency to expand by eroding the surrounding bony walls that displaces and destroys structures by pressure and bony resorption. CASE REPORT: A 32-year-old man with diplopia, proptosis of the right ...
Stevens Qualls E - - 2007
The authors report on the first such case of ganglioglioma and a malignant variant in the same individual without prior irradiation. Gangliogliomas are frequently encountered in children and young adults and have a predilection for the temporal lobes. Sporadic cases of malignant degeneration have been reported; however, most cases have ...
Holl-Wieden A - - 2006
Linear scleroderma 'en coup de sabre' (LSCS) has been reported in association with intracranial abnormalities. We report the case of an 11-year-old boy with LSCS who presented with recurrent headaches. Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and angiography were consistent with the diagnosis of a cerebral vasculitis. In addition, retinal examination ...
Ali Abdullah E - - 2006
We report a case of primary intracranial leiomyoma in 29-year-old woman presented with severe headache. The radiology diagnosis was consistent with meningioma. However, histologically, the tumor had the characteristic appearance of benign smooth muscle. This was confirmed by immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. Benign metastasizing leiomyoma was excluded by thorough imaging. ...
Romanelli Pantaleo - - 2006
For decades since its introduction, stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) was used only to treat intracranial lesions because intracranial targets could be immobilized and located relative to a rigid metal frame affixed to the patient's head. Lesions outside the head were generally not treated with SRS because it is difficult to immobilize ...
Bhardwaj Minakshi - - 2006
Desmoplastic infantile gangliogliomas (DIGs) are rare intracranial, cystic tumors, usually detected within the first 2 years of life. Histologically, these tumors are characterized by intense desmoplasia and a divergent astrocytic and neuronal differentiation. Less than 60 well-documented cases of this extremely rare tumor are reported in the literature. We present ...
Schmidt D R - - 2006
To describe the outcome of four years' nationwide neonatal screening for congenital toxoplasmosis in liveborn newborns. Congenital toxoplasmosis was diagnosed if specific Toxoplasma gondii IgM antibodies were detected in eluate from the PKU Guthrie filter paper card from a child. Infants diagnosed with congenital toxoplasmosis were examined for intracranial and ...
Jallo George I - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Many approaches have been recommended for the surgical treatment of anterior and middle cranial fossa lesions. The frontobasal approach and its many modifications have been proposed and developed for such situated lesions. An alternative approach is the frontolateral craniotomy through a supraciliary skin incision. METHODS: This minimally invasive technique, ...
Fernandes Antonio L - - 2006
Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma is a rare tumor of intermediate malignancy. Twelve intracranial cases have been well documented. We report an intra- and extra-cranial single mass epithelioid hemangioendothelioma. We describe the case of a 27-year-old male who presented a left temporal and retroauricular pain and an intra and extra-cranial mass extending to ...
Sell Manfred - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A rare case of a congenital brain neoplasm with intratumoral massive hemorrhage suggested by prenatal ultrasound examination in a 32-week gestational age male fetus is reported. The child died shortly after birth due to cardiorespiratory insufficiency. METHODS: Autopsy disclosed a large well-delimited tumor with a sponge-like appearance due to ...
Okutan Ozerk - - 2006
A patient with intracranial lung adenocarcinoma metastasis mimicking a colloid cyst of the third ventricle is reported. These tumours may be associated with excessive bleeding and may infiltrate into surrounding structures. Open microsurgery rather than endoscopic surgery should be considered for these cases, particularly a transcortical-transventricular or transcallosal approach, in ...
Chan Chow H Patrick - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Metastases of systemic neoplasia to preexisting intracranial mass lesions are uncommon phenomena. Tumor-to-intracranial cavernoma metastases are even more unusual and rarely reported. We describe here a case of melanoma to intracranial cavernoma metastasis. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 39-year-old woman presented after an episode of generalized tonic-clonic seizure on a background ...
Uchino Masafumi - - 2006
Intracranial germinoma arising primarily in the midbrain is extremely rare. We present the first reported case of cystic midbrain germinoma that lacked evident solid components and mimicked a midbrain glioma. In a 22-year-old man with headache and diplopia, magnetic resonance imaging showed a ring-enhancing lesion in the midbrain. The preoperative ...
Kang Seok-Gu - - 2006
Neurocutaneous melanosis (NCM) associated with Dandy-Walker malformation is a very rare congenital neurodysplasia with the same origin. Primary intracranial melanocytic and dermoid tumors are also benign congenital lesions that usually arise from the leptomeninges and are formed by the inclusion of cutaneous ectoderm at the time of neural tube closure. ...
Rumana M - - 2006
In developing countries hydatidosis is both a medical and economic problem related to environmental hygiene and healthy veterinary practice. This cestode parasitic infestation, uncommonly involving the nervous system, presents with varied clinical manifestation, at times causing diagnostic dilemmas. Multiple intracranial and spinal hydatidosis is rare. A series of 29 histologically ...
Miscusi M - - 2006
We present a case of isolated cerebral neurosarcoidosis with remitting nodular lesions resembling intraventricular neoplasms. The patient, admitted at our Department for surgical treatment of a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated fourth ventricle lesion, presented acute intracranial hypertension. A second MRI performed before the scheduled operation showed the disappearance of ...
Maruya Jun - - 2006
Meningeal hemangiopericytoma is rare, and only seven cases have manifested as intracranial hemorrhage. We treated two patients with meningeal hemangiopericytoma manifesting as life-threatening massive intracerebral hemorrhage. Case 1: A 66-year-old woman presented with consciousness disturbance and left hemiparesis. Computed tomography showed a mass lesion in the right frontal parasagittal region ...
El-Bahy K - - 2006
Rupture of intracranial dermoid cysts (RICDC) is a rare phenomenon. The mechanism of rupture, pathophysiology of fat in the ventricles and subarachnoid spaces, possible complications, and proper management of such conditions are proposed on the basis of a review of the literature and experience with two cases of ruptured intracranial ...
Hussain Sakeer - - 2006
A 26-year old man presented with a 3-month history of a progressively enlarging palpable parieto-occipital mass. A CT scan indicated the lesion arose from the dura with bony destruction. A stealth assisted craniotomy was performed with the provisional diagnosis of osteoblastic meningioma. Further histopathologic analysis of the intracranial mass was ...
Hoh D - - 2006
The authors report a case of a 7-month-old infant with a right lateral parietal scalp lesion intermittently leaking fluid similar to cerebrospinal fluid that histologically demonstrated meningothelial and glial cells. At surgical removal, however, no fibrous stalk or bony defect could be identified connecting the lesion with the intracranial compartment. ...
Onal Ca─čatay - - 2006
Intracranial hydatidosis is mainly a pediatric disease. Surgical evacuation of the mass in toto is the gold standard of therapy. No concise data related to the requirement of diversion procedures after uncomplicated hydatid cyst removal is encountered in the literature. The aim of this report is to focus on this ...
Viskova Hana - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We report a case of prenatal diagnosis and postpartum management of a subcutaneous tumor without intracranial communication. METHODS: An occipital tumor without intracranial communication was found on ultrasound scan in the 21st week of pregnancy. Using MRI, the diagnosis was confirmed. Subcutaneous localization of the tumor was verified and ...
Lekovic Gregory P - - 2006
Although cavernous malformations (CMs) are an important cause of intracranial hemorrhage, the natural history of these lesions is controversial. Both retrospective and prospective studies undertaken to define risk factors for hemorrhage from CMs have consistently identified the location of a lesion as a factor that has a significant impact on ...
Aboraya Ahmed - - 2006
Background: The authors reviewed the topic of reliability of psychiatric diagnosis from the turn of the 20th century to present. The objectives of this paper are to explore the reasons of unreliability of psychiatric diagnosis and propose ways to improve the reliability of psychiatric diagnosis. Method: The authors reviewed the ...
Takayanagui Osvaldo M - - 2006
The clinical features of neurocysticercosis (NCC) largely depend on the number, type, size, localization and stage of development of cysticerci, as well as on the host immune response against the parasite. Seizures are widely reported to be the most common symptom, occurring in 70-90% of patients, while NCC is considered ...
Oncul Oral - - 2005
Central nervous system (CNS) tuberculosis (TB), the most dangerous form of TB, remains a public health problem, particularly in developing countries. In the differential diagnosis of intracranial tuberculomas (ICTs), images on radiological findings should be differentiated from other causes of space-occupying lesions. These lesions include malignant diseases such as glioma ...
Panagiotopoulos Vasilios - - 2005
A 36-year-old woman presented with severe frontal headache, fever, left palpebral swelling, and proptosis. Radiographic studies showed a giant frontoethmoidal osteoma, that extended intracranially into the frontal lobe and was associated with two abscesses, one within the lesion and the other in the right frontal lobe. The tumour was excised ...
Ozolek John A - - 2005
Tissue and cellular elements generally attributed to the central nervous system (CNS) are infrequently found in areas outside the CNS proper. Most of these lesions contain predominantly glial tissue. In rare instances, heterotopic CNS tissue is found in the scalp, many associated with an intracranial connection and overlying skin and ...
Taranath A - - 2005
Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma is a rare intracranial tumour of childhood that involves the cerebral cortex and the leptomeninges. We report two patients with desmoplastic infantile gangliogliomas and multiple cerebrospinal metastases. To our knowledge, only two similar cases have been reported in the published literature. Pathologically, this rare intracranial tumour shows ...
Elgamal Essam A - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Intracranial causes of sudden and unexpected death in children are uncommon and are usually due to trauma, epilepsy or to catastrophic haemorrhage associated with neoplasms or vascular malformations. We sought to review the presenting symptoms and signs of intracranial mass lesions that led to sudden death to guide ...
Muzumdar Dattatraya - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cranial base glioneuronal heterotopia is a nest or linear array of glioneuronal tissue within the basal meninges. It is thought to arise from aberrant migration of embryonic neuroepithelial tissues into the subarachnoid space. It frequently mimics tumors and may extend through basal skull bones into extracranial soft tissues. CASE ...
Kim Jae Min - - 2006
Congenital supratentorial hemangioblastomas are extremely rare tumors even in pediatric population. A 57-day-old female neonate presented with a pure motor seizure. On imaging studies, intracranial hemorrhagic lesions containing multiple cystic components in the cerebral and cerebellar areas were revealed, simultaneously. After the emergency surgical evacuation only to a fatal supratentorial ...
Gies U - - 2005
Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, also known as Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD), is an idiopathic condition typically associated with cervical lymphadenopathy, fever and hypergammaglobulinaemia. Extranodal involvement has been reported in diverse sites such as the skin, upper respiratory tract, orbit and the central nervous system. We document a case of intracranial ...
Zhang Rong - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Intracranial papillary endothelial hyperplasia (PEH) is rare, and only 13 cases have been reported intracranially in the literature. In this article, we present a case of PEH involving petrous and jugular foramen region due to the uncommon incidence. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 49-year-old female patient with a 4-year history of ...
van Aalst John A - - 2005
Nasofrontal dermoid sinus tracts that extend intracranially through the foramen cecum or ethmoid can be difficult to completely resect. Complete extirpation of nasofrontal dermoid sinus cysts is essential for effective treatment of this problem to minimize the chance of recurrence. The authors describe a new technique based on parasagittal osteotomies ...
Yilmazlar Selcuk - - 2005
Intracranial lipomas are rare benign congenital neoplasms accounting for 0.1 to 0.5% of all primary brain tumours. Approximately 50% are associated with other cerebral developmental disorders. These slow growing benign lesions are usually asymptomatic and rarely require surgery. We report the case of a 37 year old woman presented with ...
Reni Michele - - 2005
Malignant gliomas are the most frequent and most malignant intracranial neoplasms. In spite of extensive clinical trials and irrespective of aggressive surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy, the outcome is very poor and limited progress has been made in the last three decades. Several innovative targeted molecular therapies that are tailored to ...
Scolozzi Paolo - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Intracranial extension and a cutaneous sinus tract are rarely seen with craniofacial dermoid cysts, with few cases reported in the literature. METHODS: We report a case of a 1-year-old girl who was initially seen with a cutaneous fistula of the frontotemporal region, which revealed an intracranial dermoid cyst. RESULTS: ...
Gupta Rakesh K - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It is known that intracranial mass lesions are relatively isotropic on diffusion-weighted imaging. The purpose of this study is to report an unusually high fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (D(av)) in the cavity of the brain abscess compared with other cystic lesions. METHODS: We performed diffusion ...
Haque Faisal - - 2005
Synchronous primary intracranial germ cell tumors are rare. Only 5-10% of all germ cell tumors are found as synchronous lesion in pineal and suprasellar region. They are also known by the entity "double mid-line atypical teratoma". An 11-year-old male child presented with polyuria, polydipsia and features of raised intracranial tension. ...
Chanet Valérie - - 2005
Diagnosis of tuberculoma is difficult because of its tumorlike aspects. This report describes the case of a male who displayed a hemiplegia revealing an intracranial mass. Neuroimaging was consistent with a glioblastoma; however, the definite diagnosis was a tuberculoma. Clinical features of tuberculomas are nonspecific. Even though the neuroimaging features ...
Lee Joo-Hwan - - 2005
A 7-year-old girl had suffered from progressive swelling of the nasal dorsum over 2 years. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed a large soft tissue density in the nasal dorsum. Tc-99m DTPA cisternography and brain SPECT showed a restricted mass in the nasal dorsum without intracranial connection. The mass ...
Dorenbeck U - - 2005
In the literature published so far, measurement of values of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) using an echo-planar imaging (EPI) technique in intracranial hemorrhagic lesions show no uniform results. Furthermore, no data exist for bleedings into intracranial lesions. We investigated the ADCs of 18 intracranial hemorrhagic lesions of different stages ...
Lee Christopher M - - 2005
Intracranial deposits of extramedullary hematopoiesis are extremely rare, and limited experience with the treatment of these lesions has been reported. Our review of the literature provides further insights regarding the clinical, radiological, and pathological behavior of these lesions and examines the available treatment strategies. Radiation therapy has proven to be ...
Rogers Gary F - - 2005
Congenital lesions of the scalp must be approached with caution because of the possibility of intracranial extension. Heterotopic neural nodules, a type of neuroectodermal malformation, are particularly dangerous. They manifest in the newborn as a small lump, are often confused with dermoid cysts, and may have a rudimentary stalk that ...
Vilela P - - 2005
A 33-year-old female with a longstanding history of seizures was admitted to our hospital with subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). Computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) depicted a vascular fat-containing lesion overlying a right frontal cortical polymicrogyria. The diagnosis of angiolipoma was established. Conservatory management was ...
Chen Chia-Yuen - - 2005
Heterotopic brain presenting as a giant, growing, single locular cyst at the parapharyngeal space has not been reported before, to our knowledge. We present such a case, with MR imaging findings, in a 13-month-old girl. A well-demarcated giant cystic mass was noted in the left parapharyngeal space from the skull ...
Mouratova T - - 2005
This study analyzes modern views on the history, variants, age at diagnosis of trilateral retinoblastoma, median time from retinoblastoma to trilateral retinoblastoma, the largest size and percentage of trilateral retinoblastoma among retinoblastoma cases, functions of pineal gland, genetics, ocular and intracranial histology, diagnosis, treatment, therapy results, survival rates and frequency ...
Adamo P Filippo - - 2005
An 18-month-old, spayed female, domestic shorthaired cat was presented with clinical signs of depression and reluctance to walk, which progressed to nonambulatory tetraparesis. Increased opacification of both frontal sinuses and a cyst-like abnormality causing compression and displacement of the right frontal lobe were seen on computed tomography. Bilateral frontal sinus ...
Kuwayama N - - 2005
In this study the hemodynamic status and treatment modality of aggressive dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) was evaluated. Of 145 intracranial dAVFs treated in our clinic, there were 38 aggressive lesions presenting with hemorrhage, infarction, seizures, and symptoms of increased intracranial pressure. They included 3 (5% of all cavernous sinus lesions) ...
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