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Orakcioglu B - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Intracranial dermoid cysts are uncommon, and their clinical features as well as surgical management differ from patient to patient. Dermoids are generally benign lesions, but may cause spontaneous complications such as meningitis and/or hydrocephalus due to rupture and epileptic seizures depending on their location. Little has been reported about ...
Koshy Santosh - - 2008
Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (JNA) is a rare vascular neoplasm occurring almost exclusively in adolescent males. Although benign, it is often locally aggressive and can erode into surrounding tissues and structures resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. In 20% of cases, there is intracranial extension. In this paper, we report on ...
Jimenez-Vazquez O H - - 2008
Neuroendoscopy has never been used for diagnosis-making and removal of large parenchymal viable parasites associated with severe mass effect. Satisfactory and complication-free removal of the parenchymal cysticerci was achieved after neuroendoscopical diagnosis in a patient with parenchymal parasites, with immediate remission of clinical alterations related to raised intracranial pressure.
Sonoda Yukihiko - - 2008
OBJECT: Intracranial germ cell tumors (GCTs) originating in the basal ganglia are rare. The authors investigated factors related to the diagnosis of these lesions as well as outcome in order to help decrease the time to diagnosis and improve treatment efficacy. METHODS: The authors reviewed the clinical features of 142 ...
Daglioglu Ergun - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Association of leukoencephalopathy with calcifications and cysts is extremely rare. It should be differentiated from FD or bilateral striopallidodentate calcinosis and astrocytoma. Yet, there are many other clinical syndromes featuring bilateral symmetric cerebral calcifications. Neuroradiologic and histopathologic findings are more helpful than clinical picture in differentiating these 3 entities ...
Daenekindt Thomas - - 2008
The authors describe the case of a patient with an intracranial capillary hemangioma, and they review the recent literature on intracranial capillary hemangiomas with special attention to their differential diagnosis and management. The only sign in this 7-week-old boy was head enlargement. There were no neurological deficits, and imaging revealed ...
Cerase Alfonso - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this pictorial essay is to increase awareness of the clinical presentation, neuroradiological findings, treatment options, and neuroradiological follow-up of plasmacytomas and multiple myeloma with intracranial growth. METHODS: This pictorial essay reviews the clinical features and neuroradiological findings in seven patients (four women, three men; age range ...
Negrin A - - 2008
This case report describes the presence of Angiostrongylus vasorum larvae in cerebrospinal fluid in an 11-month-old pug dog and the relative magnetic resonance images compatible with a focal meningitis. Clinical signs were compatible with a cerebellar lesion, and diagnosis was confirmed by parasitological analysis on faecal and endotracheal lavage samples. ...
Bergin Ingrid L - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A focal hypointense intracranial lesion was detected by magnetic resonance imaging in the right caudal occipital lobe of the cerebrum in an asymptomatic cynomolgus macaque (Macaca fascicularis). RESULTS: Following euthanasia, gross evaluation of the lesion revealed a 1 cm diameter, wedge-shaped intracranial cavitation without apparent communication with the ventricles. ...
Prasad Kishore Chandra - - 2008
Sphenoethmoidal mucoceles are rare tumors. They gradually expand in size and rarely produce bony destruction of sinus walls, leading to orbital, ocular, and intracranial involvement. We present a rare case of sphenoethmoidal mucocele with bone destruction and intracranial extension, who presented with nasal blockade and loss of visual acuity. Computed ...
Benveniste Ronald J - - 2008
We report a 65 year old man who presented with left hemiparesis, and was found to have multiple, discrete, peripherally enhancing, hemorrhagic intra-axial masses in the right hemisphere of the brain. Workup for malignancy elsewhere in the body was negative, and biopsy confirmed glioblastoma multiforme. The patient responded clinically to ...
Joo Won-Il - - 2008
Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is an uncommon clinical entity that is often diagnosed after a delay, or it is misdiagnosed due to the variety of clinical presentations and the associated radiological findings. We present here a case of SIH associated with chronic subdural haematoma (SDH) and subarachnoid haemorrhage. Following the ...
Guode Zhai - - 2008
Primary intracranial angiosarcomas are rare. Only a few cases have been reported in the literature. All cases reported were located in the supratentorial areas. To our knowledge, no cerebellopontine (CP) angle angiosarcoma has been reported. We report a 16-year-old girl who had mild headache, right-sided tinnitus and amblyacousia of 1-year's ...
Zahl Sverre Morten - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the importance of routine head circumference measurements in the detection of intracranial expansive conditions, because only fragmented evidence exists in favor of this routine. METHODS: The study was a nationwide study based on the medical records of all Norwegian departments ...
Adeolu A A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Bilateral visual loss following chronically raised intracranial pressure is not uncommon especially in developing countries. However, this calls for concern when the cause of the raised intracranial pressure is neglected pyogenic cerebral abscess. CASE SUMMARY: A sixteen year old male student presented to our unit with eight months history ...
Friedman Deborah I - - 2008
Pseudotumor cerebri (PTC) is characterized by intracranial hypertension without ventriculomegaly, in the absence of a mass lesion or meningeal process. When there is no secondary cause, it is termed 'idiopathic intracranial hypertension'. Headache is the most common symptom of PTC, present in over 90% of patients. The headache is often ...
White J Bradley - - 2008
OBJECT: Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage is an uncommon but recognized initial presenting sign of both primary and metastatic brain tumors. The rate of tumor-related intracranial hemorrhage is variably reported from <1 to 14.6%. Hemorrhage in primary gliomas occurs in 3.7-7.2% of gliomas, mainly in glioblastoma muliforme and oligodendroglioma with low-grade astrocytomas ...
Yang B - - 2008
We report on the rare disease of posterior fossa abscesses secondary to dermal sinus associated with dermoid cyst in 4 pediatric cases seen over a 15-year of period. All children had a small dimple or a pinhole on the skin of the occipital region. On admission they had the signs ...
Schroeder Henry W S - - 2008
This article describes a new multipurpose ventriculoscope that combines the advantages of several neuroendoscopic systems that are already available and provides some new features. This system can be used for all intracranial endoscopic procedures, such as endoscopic third ventriculostomy, septum fenestration, foraminoplasty, aqueductoplasty, stenting, cyst fenestrations, intraventricular tumor biopsy or ...
Coca Santiago - - 2008
Castleman's disease is an uncommon lymphoproliferative disorder characterized by lymph node enlargement, hyperplasia of lymphoid follicles surrounded by mature lymphocytes, and capillary proliferation with endothelial hyperplasia. Although intracranial location is very uncommon, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of meningeal tumors. We describe a new case appearing as ...
Arndt Susan - - 2008
ABSTRACT: Meningioma, craniopharyngeoma and glioma are mainly intracranial lesions. Nevertheless, in rare cases these entities may occur solely as extracranial lesions that may present as intranasal/sinusoidal masses, with headaches and nasal obstruction. We present three cases of common intracranial tumors, with purely extracranial extension. The three described cases demonstrate, that ...
Hassan Shahid - - 2008
Chordoma is a rare malignant tumour with an incidence of metastasis of less than 10 percent. Usually arising from clivus its posterior extension may involve the brainstem before presenting as nasal mass and obstruction. Surgery is the main mode of treatment with adjuvant radiotherapy. However surgery is rarely possible for ...
Paciaroni Maurizio - - 2008
Intracranial venous thrombosis may occur at any time from infancy to old age and its clinical expression varies widely and sometimes it may present without focal signs. The most common symptoms are: headache, vomiting, transient or persistent visual obscuration, focal or generalized seizures, lethargy and coma, while papilledema is a ...
Azuma Naoto - - 2008
We report a case of Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) with central nervous system (CNS) involvement in a woman who complained of bilateral visual disturbance. The intracranial necrotizing granulomatous lesion was confirmed by MR imaging and brain biopsy. After high-dose oral corticosteroid treatment, not only clinical manifestations but also laboratory tests improved. ...
Henriques José Gilberto de Brito - - 2007
Arachnoid cysts (AC) are extra-cerebral cerebrospinal fluid collections of unknown origin. They correspond to 1% of all intracranial nontraumatic space-occupying lesions and appear more frequently in the middle fossa (50%). More than 25% of these cysts are incidental findings and the majority of patients are asymptomatic. Seizures, intracranial hypertension signs, ...
Fracasso T - - 2008
Ecchordosis physaliphora (EP) is a rare intracranial mass derived from ectopic notochordal tissue. It is usually a fortuitous finding at autopsy or by computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging. Very few authors have described an EP-associated symptomatology. In this study, we report a case of the sudden and unexpected death of a ...
Ogunrin A O - - 2007
Intracranial tuberculomas are uncommon complications of tuberculosis, especially in immuno-competent individuals with no evidence of extra-cranial foci. We report a case of an HIV- negative young male who presented with presumed cerebral and cerebellar tuberculomas without identifiable extra-cranial focus. The CT scan revealed multiple intracranial ring-enhanced lesions. The remarkable response ...
Goyal Parul - - 2007
To describe the use of the transglabellar subcranial approach for the management of congenital nasal masses in the pediatric population. Case series. Medical records of 5 patients who underwent resection of congenital nasal lesions via the subcranial approach were reviewed. Five children underwent successful resection of congenital nasal lesions with ...
Aboyans Victor - - 2007
Atherosclerosis is a systemic, multifocal disease leading to a various symptoms and clinical events. Beyond disparities related to the organs involved, some differences might exist according to whether the lesions occur in the large (proximal) or small (distal) arteries. Atherosclerotic lesions occur predominantly in the large vessels first, and more ...
Di Rocco Federico - - 2007
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is a rare idiopathic histiocytic disorder that only occasionally involves the central nervous system (CNS). Previous cases of RDD involving the CNS were generally seen in adults. Pediatric cases of RDD are rare, and the disease in these cases typically has an indolent clinical course. In this ...
Moiyadi Alefia - - 2007
Involvement of nervous system by toxocariasis is rare and can produce a spectrum of pathology that includes eosinophillic meningoencephalitis, meningomyelitis, space occupying lesions, vasculitis causing seizures or behavioral abnormalities posing diagnostic dilemmas. We describe a 38-year-old man who presented with multiple intracranial and intramedullary abscesses caused by visceral larva migrans. ...
Sartori S - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral germinomas, the most common and least malignant intracranial germ cell tumors, usually arise in the pineal or suprasellar region and have characteristic clinical and radiological features. Germinomas more rarely occur in the thalamus, basal ganglia, and internal capsule, causing sometimes cerebral hemiatrophy and hemiparesis. More rarely, other clinical ...
Josan Vivek Anand - - 2007
Central precocious puberty in girls is uncommon and tends to be idiopathic in most cases. In about 20 to 30% of cases there is an intracranial mass lesion. The common lesions are hypothalamic hamartomas, optic nerve gliomas, suprasellar arachnoid cysts, hydrocephalus, germinomas, and other sellar/suprasellar lesions. Central precocious puberty secondary ...
Kesavadas Chandrasekharan - - 2007
The authors describe a rare case of intracranial tuberculoma of the Meckel's cave and cavernous sinus with extension into the infratemporal fossa causing widening of the foramen ovale and adjacent bone destruction. The rarity of the lesion and the unusual extension of the lesion are presented with a brief review ...
Morris B S - - 2007
17 cases reviewed prospectively over a period of 4 months highlight the varied appearance of blood-fluid levels in intracranial cystic lesions of different aetiologies; a finding which has not featured significantly in the medical literature. Four types of intracranial cysts demonstrating blood-fluid levels have been categorised according to the nature ...
Timmann D - - 2007
A 20-month-old, female French bulldog was presented with a three-month history of generalised seizures and progressive ataxia with occasional falling over on either side. Neurological examination revealed signs, suggesting a multifocal intracranial lesion. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain revealed two connected lesions on the left side of the caudal ...
Ghosal Nandita - - 2007
Isolated intracranial Rosai Dorfman disease (sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy) is rare. We present a 26-year-old male who presented with left focal motor seizures becoming secondarily generalized of one-year duration. Clinically and radiologically patient was diagnosed to have a right parietal convexity meningioma. However on histopathological examination a final diagnosis ...
Perry Candace Lynn - - 2007
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is often considered relatively contraindicated in patients with intracranial space-occupying lesions, especially those with increased intracranial pressure, edema, or mass effect. We describe the safe use of ECT in 6 patients with arachnoid cysts. We conclude that such lesions are probably not associated with increased morbidity in ...
Jayakumar P N - - 2007
AIM: To differentiate two common aetiologies of "ring lesions," tuberculomas and cysticercal cysts, using T2 relaxometry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-five ring-enhancing lesions of the brain (32 cysticercal cysts; 23 tuberculomas) in 27 patients with focal seizures were studied for T2 relaxation times. RESULTS: The mean T2 relaxation times of cysticercal ...
Popovic Maja Beck - - 2007
Trilateral retinoblastoma (TRb) is a well-known syndrome associating hereditary retinoblastoma (Rb) with an intracranial neuroblastic tumor arising usually in the pineal region, rarely at the suprasellar or parasellar site. It develops in most cases after diagnosis of Rb. The outcome is usually fatal because of secondary spinal dissemination. Pineal cysts ...
De Ridder D - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Most treatments proposed for tinnitus are non-surgical, to such an extent that it is sometimes forgotten that a certain number of patients with tinnitus may benefit from a surgical solution. The aim of this paper is to review the possible otoneurosurgical approaches in tinnitus treatment, treating the tinnitus causally ...
Osborn Melissa K - - 2007
Suppurative intracranial infection, including meningitis, intracranial abscess, subdural empyema, epidural abscess, cavernous sinus thrombosis, and thrombosis of other dural sinuses, are uncommon sequelae of paranasal sinusitis. A high index of suspicion is necessary to identify these serious complications. We present a patient with subdural empyema in whom the diagnosis was ...
Turkel Susan Beckwitt - - 2007
Survivors of pediatric intracranial malignancies are at recognized high risk for neurocognitive and psychosocial dysfunction, endocrinopathies, growth abnormalities, and second neoplasms. The late onset of persistent psychosis may represent an additional serious psychiatric consequence of childhood intracranial malignancies. The authors report eight survivors of pediatric intracranial malignancies whose course was ...
Idris M N A - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical presentation, radiological findings and outcome of treatment with antituberculosis drugs in 16 cases of intracranial tuberculoma. DESIGN: Consecutive cases admitted with tuberculoma to the National Center for Neurological Diseases in Khartoum, Sudan, were included in the study. The diagnosis was based on clinical and neuro-imaging ...
Ahn Jung Yong - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland is known to undergo malignant transformation when incompletely excised. Even if such a malignant change occurs, intracranial direct invasion and leptomeningeal seeding are seldom encountered. CASE PRESENTATION: A 50-year-old woman presented with malignant transformation associated with both intracranial invasion and multiple intracranial and ...
Meyer Fremonta - - 2007
The risk of rupture and hemorrhage of intracranial vascular lesions during electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is currently unknown. We describe 2 cases in which ECT was discontinued because of perceptual disturbances, confusion, and the subsequent discovery of intracranial angiomas. ECT has been associated with nonconvulsive status epilepticus and prolonged altered mental ...
Ma K H - - 2006
Nasal gliomas are uncommon congenital lesions arising from abnormal embryonic development. Clinically, these masses are firm and incompressible. Histologically, they are made up of astrocytes and neuroglial cells, embedded in fibrous and vascular connective tissue. Proper management of a nasal glioma requires a multidisciplinary approach including an otorhinolaryngologist, radiologist, and ...
Zapata Syboney - - 2006
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Midline congenital nasal lesions are rare, occurring in one out of every 20,000-40,000 births. Of these midline lesions, nasal dermoids are the most common. This review centers on diagnosis of nasal dermoids, the role of imaging in diagnosis and surgical planning and the various approaches to surgical ...
Corboy John R - - 2006
We describe a 44-year-old woman with progressive headache, ataxia, and seizures in association with multifocal cerebral and cerebellar leukoencephalopathy, intracranial calcifications, and cysts. The cause of death was intracerebellar hemorrhage while taking warfarin. Pathologic features on biopsy included angiomatous-like blood vessels, intense gliosis, and Rosenthal fiber formation in the white ...
Blake Will E - - 2006
Nasal dermoid sinus cysts are uncommon congenital anomalies presenting either as cysts or sinuses. They are frequently associated with extension into the intracranial space, requiring craniotomy for adequate resection. At the Royal Children's Hospital in Melbourne, Australia, we have managed 25 patients with nasal dermoid sinus cysts over 8 years ...
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