Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 652
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Truwit C L - - 1990
Intracranial lipomas are uncommon lesions whose development remains poorly understood. To clarify the anatomic and embryologic features of intracranial lipomas, we retrospectively reviewed the MR scans of 42 patients with 44 intracranial lipomas. Interhemispheric lipomas were the most common, accounting for 45% of cases. The remainder of the lesions were ...
Feldmann E - - 1990
The distribution of cerebrovascular lesions is affected by race. Blacks and Japanese have more intracranial occlusive cerebrovascular disease, while whites have more extracranial disease. Despite a high incidence of stroke in China, there are few formal studies of the distribution of vascular occlusive disease in Chinese populations. We compared clinical ...
Gawel M J - - 1990
We present further evidence for a sympathetic defect of vasomotor control of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) on the side of the headache during cluster periods. In 119 cluster headache patients, utilizing transcranial Doppler, we measured CO2 reactivity of the major intracranial vessels, in and out of cluster. Reactivity was ...
Negovetic L - - 1990
The case of a young woman (20 years) with a gigantic intracranial hydatid cyst (110 x 90 x 65 mm) is presented. The first manifestation was a grand mal seizure followed by symptoms of raised intracranial pressure. The origin of the cyst was in the diploe of the right cheek, ...
Kamiya K - - 1990
A 76-year-old female with an intracranial epidural abscess having a long history of about 30 years is presented. Craniogram, carotid angiogram, and computed tomographic scan showed a huge calcified lesion with hyperostosis at the right parietal region. The abscess appeared to have granulated and calcified due to long-lasting stagnation of ...
Grabel J C - - 1990
A case of metastatic pheochromocytoma is reported in which the diagnosis was determined on the basis of a painless scalp mass. Subsequent to biopsy and histological diagnosis, further investigations revealed a large skull lesion with intracranial extension, an adrenal mass, and various catecholamine abnormalities. The radiological characteristics and operative findings ...
Sickler G K - - 1990
This is a report of extensive intracranial papillary endothelial hyperplasia in a 12-day-old twin. The infant presented with progressive macrocephaly, anemia and hydrocephalus. An MR image showed a large (6 x 5 cm) mass in the right middle cranial fossa. Histologic examination of the resected mass revealed multifocal hemorrhage, organizing ...
Dao D A - - 1990
In North America, central nervous system involvement by tuberculosis is uncommon. This patient review describes the clinical and radiological features of this unusual neurologic lesion. Special emphasis is given to the methods of arriving at the correct diagnosis, to the efficacy of combination antituberculous therapy, and to the possibility of ...
Crawford R - - 1990
Intracranial dermoids are rare and are usually associated with cutaneous scalp lesions. Five hundred forty-two scalp lesions were treated in a 22-year period, and were associated with intracranial lesions in three cases. High-risk cases can be identified by clinical and radiological features, confirmed by a computed tomography scan, and then ...
Sabin H I - - 1990
A simple technique of stereotactic craniotomy and intraoperative lesion localisation that uses the Brown-Robert-Wells (BRW) stereotactic frame is presented. The method optimises craniotomy placement and facilitates localisation of small intracerebral lesions. Using the system, 16 patients have had resection of intracranial neoplasms from deep and/or eloquent areas of the brain ...
Ernestus R I - - 1990
Intracranial ependymomas tend to spread along on the liquor pathways and thus to seed subarachnoid metastatic implants. According to autopsy data, spinal seeding can be expected in 25% of cases subsequent to surgery of the primary tumor. Analysis of four of our own cases (out of 125 primary intracranial ependymomas) ...
Plate K H - - 1990
Two proliferation markers, silver stained nucleolar organizer regions (AgNOR) and immunoreactivity with Ki-67, were used to assess the proliferative activity in 80 smear preparations from neurosurgically removed intracranial tumours. These included 45 gliomas, 18 meningiomas, 8 metastases and 9 others. We found a remarkably close correlation between the results obtained ...
Mizoguchi K - - 1990
A 57 year-old woman with benign exertional headaches induced by swimming is described. The headaches were bilateral, throbbing and occurred while swimming. She had a history of occasional similar headaches while straining during bowel movements. The neurological examination and computed tomographic (CT) scanning were normal. The electroencephalogram (EEG) had diffuse ...
Yamada H - - 1989
A 35-year-old man was admitted because of loss of hearing in the left ear. The patient had been known to have familial hypercholesterolemia for at least 12 years. Computerized axial tomography of the brain showed a large tumor occupying in the left mastoid region. Surgical intervention revealed xanthogranuloma, histologically. Xanthogranuloma ...
Blitzer A - - 1989
Massive fibro-osseous lesions of the frontal and ethmoidal sinuses are rare. If left untreated, these lesions can produce chronic infection, orbital complications, and/or intracranial events. In the past, resection of these lesions has usually been subtotal and a risk of damage to intracranial structures existed, particularly to the dura, due ...
Moorthy G - - 1989
Myasthenia gravis (MG) commonly presents with weakness and fatigability of the lids and extraocular muscles, which respond to treatment with anticholinesterase medication. However, certain intracranial mass lesions may mimic these features of MG; alternatively, MG may mask the signs of a coexistent intracranial mass. We describe 8 patients originally diagnosed ...
Taylor G A - - 1989
Neonates treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation are at high risk for the development of intracranial hemorrhage and infarction. The appearance of these lesions on cranial sonography is often unusual and may be confusing. We compared the findings at autopsy with premorbid cranial sonograms in 17 nonsurviving neonates to define better ...
Chan J K - - 1989
This report describes a unique astrocytic lesion of the nasal cavity that was connected to a frontal lobe astrocytoma via the eroded cribriform plate. The nasal lesion probably resulted from downward extension of the cerebral astrocytoma. Other possibilities included coexistence of nasal glial heterotopia and intracerebral astrocytoma, and nasal glial ...
Tomei G - - 1989
Primary intracranial rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is a rare tumor in infancy and childhood that is found in various locations in the central nervous system. The clinical course worsens rapidly, and the final outcome is poor, with a median survival time of 8-10 months. Invasion of the meninges, spontaneous intratumoral bleeding, spinal ...
Gartman J J JJ - - 1989
A 54-year-old woman who had symptoms of intermittent meningeal irritation and hypopituitarism was found to have a sellar mass histologically consistent with pseudotumor. The lesion appears to have originated in the sphenoid sinus and subsequently to have spread intracranially, causing bony erosion. To our knowledge, this is the first description ...
Daruna J H - - 1989
Event related potentials were recorded from patients with unilateral temporal lobe lesions and healthy volunteers. Subjects were required to silently count on infrequent target tone interspersed among presentations of a non-target tone, with an interval between tones that was relatively long and variable (6-10s). Under these task conditions, the patients ...
Ko S M - - 1989
Four cases of cerebral tumours presenting with psychiatric symptoms were referred to the psychiatrist for management. They displayed some degree of cognitive impairment, notably impaired memory for recent events, and nominal aphasia. Clinical neurological examinations were generally unremarkable with no evidence of focal signs or features of raised intracranial pressure. ...
Watanabe A S - - 1989
We report a patient with metastatic gestational choriocarcinoma who presented with headaches, speech difficulties, motor aphasia, facial weakness, hemiparesis, and a large intraparenchymal hematoma. She subsequently developed a total of five intraparenchymal hemorrhages. Her clinical presentation posed a diagnostic dilemma and emphasizes the importance of a complete differential diagnosis of ...
Castillo M - - 1989
Osteochondromas arising from the long bones, pelvis, or scapulae are common. However, osteochondromas originating from the base of the skull are extremely unusual. Although these tumors are histologically benign, intracranial extension and their close proximity to the cranial nerves may require complex surgery. We present a case in which CT ...
Matsumura A - - 1989
The frequency of asymptomatic subependymomas was 0.4% in 1,000 serial routine necropsies and 0.7% in symptomatic subependymomas from 1,000 serial surgical specimens of intracranial neoplasms. Among patients with subependymoma (7 symptomatic and 4 asymptomatic), we found 3 cases of marked nuclear polymorphism (NP) in biopsy specimens. The subjective NP was ...
Pospiech J - - 1989
Chondromas are rare intracranial tumours. Sometimes they occur as a manifestation of a 'generalised chondromatosis'. The authors present a case of sellar chondroma in a patient with Ollier's disease. The tumour showed a mainly suprasellar extension resulting in a chiasmatic syndrome. The pathogenesis of intracranial chondromas, their clinical features, and ...
Pau A - - 1989
Bilateral Parkinsonism has been observed in a 60-year-old female with a chronic subdural intracranial haematoma. Scattered, poorly marginated, hypodense areas within the ipsilateral pallidus and putamen were evident on the preoperative CT scans. The rapid neurological improvement following the surgical drainage of the subdural clot and the evolution of the ...
Kohn R - - 1989
Eight patients with intracranial cysts presenting with primary psychiatric diagnoses were studied. The cysts were visible on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and they produced neurologic, electroencephalographic (EEG), and neuropsychologic abnormalities. Descriptions of psychiatric manifestations associated with intracranial cysts are rare, and their potential neuropsychiatric significance has ...
Landolfi R - - 1988
Meningeal myeloid metaplasia (MM) is very rarely observed in patients with myelofibrosis. We report the occurrence of meningeal MM causing exophthalmus and fever in a patient with myelofibrosis secondary to polycythemia vera. A computerized tomography (CT) scan showed multiple intracranial and intraorbital enhancing masses. A needle aspirate of retrobulbar space ...
Farmer J P - - 1988
We studied 31 patients with histologically verified intracerebral cavernous angiomas. Twenty-two patients were symptomatic; nine were asymptomatic. All 22 symptomatic patients had seizures, three had intracranial hemorrhage, and one had signs of a space-occupying lesion. Twenty-seven lesions were located in the neocortex, three in the brainstem, and one in the ...
Yokota A - - 1988
In this study of atretic cephaloceles, the authors have considered the pedunculated or sessile type of cephalocele and also small nonpedunculated scalp defects developing in the vertex midline. Parietal cephaloceles were found in 15 infants (10 boys and five girls), and accounted for 37.5% of all cephaloceles. They consisted of ...
Lee J P - - 1988
The authors describe two cases of hepatocellular carcinoma presenting with the initial manifestations of an intracranial mass lesion without any symptoms or signs suggestive of the primary hepatic site of the tumor. The only clue of hepatic dysfunction was mild elevation of the SGOT and SGPT. The diagnosis could not ...
Sugita Y - - 1988
A rare case of intracranial multiple tumor, which disappeared spontaneously on serial cranial computed tomography (CT) scans, is described. The initial CT scan showed multiple, well-enhanced lesions in the right frontal and parietal lobes. The lesions disappeared spontaneously without any treatment during the 2 following months of observation. One month ...
Stoddard R A - - 1988
The antenatal diagnosis of fetal neurologic injury has profound medical and legal implications. We report a case of antenatally diagnosed intracranial lesions including parenchymal hemorrhage in an otherwise physically normal infant. Computerized tomography in the newborn period demonstrated diffused ischemic damage with secondary cystic changes in addition to intracranial hemorrhage.
Ruge J R - - 1988
Review of 70 children presenting with a solitary nontraumatic lump on the head revealed that 61% of the lesions were dermoid tumor, 9% were cephalhematoma deformans, 7% were eosinophilic granuloma, and 4% were occult meningoceles and encephaloceles. Most of the dermoid cysts occurred along sutural lines, but some did not. ...
Myer C M CM - - 1988
Intracranial vascular anomalies uncommonly present as a nasal mass. We report the first documented intranasal extension of a venous angioma of the anterior and middle cranial fossas. The diagnostic evaluation and differential diagnosis of an intranasal vascular mass is emphasized. In addition, recommendations are offered regarding the surgical approach of ...
Kolawole T M - - 1988
Ependymomas are common types of tumors occurring within the brain and usually derive from the ependymal lining, especially of the ventricles. Ependymomas also occur, usually within the spinal canal, as primary intramedullary lesions or as late "drop" metastases from intracranial ependymomas. Extradural ependymomas are rare. They could occur as intraspinal ...
Ng H K - - 1988
Two cases of olfactory neuroblastoma which presented clinically as intracranial lesions are described. Prominent features of epithelial differentiation were present, which led to initial diagnoses of poorly differentiated carcinoma. The true nature of the lesions was only established subsequently by careful histological examination, immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. The potential towards ...
Berginer V M - - 1988
A 32-year-old man had generalized tonic-clonic epileptic seizures associated with episodes of recurrent high fever for 6 years. Repeated physical examinations including neurological status, EEG and nuclear brain scan were negative. Brain CT showed a non-homogeneous parasellar cyst of low density and fat-fluid levels in the lateral ventricles. The diagnosis ...
Bowerman R A - - 1987
The sonographic appearance of normal neonatal cerebral sulci may mimic that of significant intracranial pathology. An echogenic pseudolesion can be seen when a sulcus is imaged through its long axis. Criteria are discussed for the differentiation of this normal variant from true parenchymal lesions with their attendant serious clinical implications.
Dolinskas C A - - 1987
Intraventricular oligodendrogliomas are a rare subset of oligodendrogliomas. Analysis of the clinical and CT characteristics of 11 cases in the literature and eight new examples revealed specific radiographic features, which included the presence of an anterior, midline mass within the lateral ventricles composed of clumped calcifications within a dense, enhancing ...
Slamovits T L - - 1987
Three patients developed anisocoria as a result of third nerve palsies caused by intracranial lesions: two in the cavernous sinus and one in the mesencephalon. Pharmacologic testing using low concentration pilocarpine showed apparent preganglionic parasympathetic supersensitivity of the abnormal pupil. These findings are compatible with the existence of a proposed ...
Maiuri F - - 1987
An exceptional case of a large intracranial extradural lymphoma arising from the skull and causing intracranial hypertension syndrome, in the absence of other localizations elsewhere in the body is described. Only another similar observation was reported in the literature. The diagnosis of this exceptional localization of lymphomas, which can mimic ...
Earnest M P - - 1987
Neurocysticercosis has become more prominent in the United States in recent years because of an increase in immigration from endemic regions and because of improved ease of diagnosis with computed tomography (CT). Neurocysticercosis should be suspected in any patient from a high-risk region who has symptoms or signs of a ...
Allen R S - - 1987
We have described a 63-year-old man, taking diethylstilbestrol for adenocarcinoma of the prostate, who had papilledema. Lumbar puncture revealed intracranial hypertension without pleiocytosis. CT scan was normal, consistent with the diagnosis of pseudotumor cerebri. At craniotomy for placement of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt, the dura was found to be infiltrated with ...
Handa J - - 1987
A 9-year-old boy with mild left hemiparesis and left abducens nerve palsy was found to have chordoma of the clivus. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was most useful not only for diagnosis but also for selection of operative approaches. The tumor was subtotally resected by a transoral-transpharyngeal approach followed by a ...
Larsson E M - - 1987
Intracranial dermoid cysts occasionally rupture spontaneously into the ventricles or into the subarachnoid space. In such cases, intraventricular fat-fluid levels are invariably evident at computed tomography and may even be visible on a conventional radiograph of the skull. A case is described in which fat was observed to remain in ...
Summerfield D A - - 1987
A case of cerebellar haemangioblastoma in described in a middle-aged woman with a history of multiple psychiatric admissions for depressive and psychosomatic symptomatology. The diagnosis was not made until a late stage, largely because of the knowledge of her psychiatric history and its particular slant. Similar psychiatric symptoms were present ...
Roos K L - - 1987
Although meningitis is the most common form of central nervous system (CNS) blastomycosis, solitary mass lesions are not an infrequent presentation. Four of our patients presented with focal neurological deficits as a result of single intracranial mass lesions. Only 1 had clearcut evidence of extraneural blastomycosis. One was a coal ...
Naim-Ur-Rahman - - 1987
Experience with fifteen consecutive cases of intracranial tuberculomas, treated between 1981 and 1986, is summarized. Histological confirmation was obtained in twelve patients, and acid fast bacilli (AFB) were found in and cultured from the excised lesions and biopsy specimens in nine patients. Difficulties in diagnosis are discussed. A plan of ...
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