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Merante A - - 2011
Tuberculosis (TB) is still one of the most frequent infectious diseases worldwide. Until the 1990s, Western European countries showed a low frequency of TB infection, but the rise of immigration has led to a rapid increase in its occurrence. In the elderly, TB is emerging as a significant health problem ...
Pallagatti Shambulingappa - - 2012
Swelling of the tongue is a rare clinical entity. It is a potentially life-threatening condition, as it could result in airway compromise. The differential diagnosis of acute tongue swelling includes hemorrhage, infarction, abscess, tumor, and edema. A tongue abscess should be considered in all cases of acute tongue swelling, especially ...
Palaskar Sangeeta - - 2011
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor is an uncommon lesion of unknown cause. It encompasses a spectrum of myofibroblastic proliferation along with varying amount of inflammatory infiltrate. A number of terms have been applied to the lesion, namely, inflammatory pseudotumor, fibrous xanthoma, plasma cell granuloma, pseudosarcoma, lymphoid hamartoma, myxoid hamartoma, inflammatory myofibrohistiocytic proliferation, ...
Darugar Adil - - 2011
To report an undiagnosed case of systemic sarcoidosis manifesting with bilateral acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy (APMPPE). A 26-year-old Caucasian man was referred for management of unilateral visual loss together with a paracentral scotoma developing 2 weeks after a flu-like syndrome. Clinical signs and ancillary diagnostic investigations suggested APMPPE. ...
Kroese Duncan - - 2011
Laboratory-based methods to test egg viability include staining with Meldola's Blue and/or juvenile (J2) hatching assays using potato root diffusate (PRD). These two methods have not been tested under identical conditions to directly compare their assessments of Globodera egg viability. Using two bioassay strategies, cysts from a Globodera sp. population ...
Rathod Tushar - - 2011
Reactive arthritis (ReA) is an immune mediated disease, clinically associated with oligoarthritis of the lower limbs and sometimes with urethritis and conjunctivitis. In our case, a 24-year-old male presented with severe mutilating arthritis involving both upper and lower extremities in contrast to conventional Reiter's syndrome which presents with asymmetric oligoarthritis. ...
Sorrentino Paolo - - 2011
Background and Aim:  We aimed to validate the non-invasive criteria for the characterization of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in patients with cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In a prospective study, we examined the impact of arterial hypervascularity, as established by the European Association for the Study of the Liver and ...
Thanathanee Onsiri - - 2011
Conjunctivitis is a common problem in primary health care. Inflammation of the conjunctiva may result from infection or noninfectious causes. Microbial conjunctivitis may be caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites. Although usually a benign, self-limited disease in healthy individuals, serious complications (eg, keratitis) may be sight-threatening. Accurate diagnosis and specific ...
Pecie Raluca - - 2011
Due to an increased prevalence of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCL), a clinical strategy for this lesion type should be considered. Previous reviews focused mainly on etiology and prevalence. In Part 1 of this paper, an evidence-based support for a preventive strategy of NCCL was elaborated. Literature over the last 10 ...
Anderson Joseph C - - 2011
In addition to histology, size and location, a morphologic description can be ascribed to polyps and adenomas. Traditionally, adenomas have been described as sessile and pedunculated, but it is now accepted that they can also present as flat or even depressed. Although first recognized in 1985, flat adenomas have become ...
Sargison N D - - 2011
Over the past decade, definite changes have been recorded in the regional prevalence, seasonality and severity of fasciolosis in the UK, related to increased rainfall, or localised flooding, prompting debate about the deleterious effects of climate change. As a consequence, effective management of fasciolosis has become problematic in areas where ...
Amagasa Teruo - - 2011
In this review article, the clinical and histopathological characteristics of oral premalignant lesions, and primarily oral leukoplakia, are noted and the risk factors for malignant transformation of oral leukoplakia are discussed. Malignant transformation rates of oral leukoplakia range from 0.13 to 17.5%. The risk factors of malignant transformation in the ...
Andoulakis Ioannis I - - 2011
Background  The term adrenal incidentaloma (AI) indicates an adrenal mass lesion > 1 cm in diameter discovered during testing for conditions unrelated to adrenal disease. The overall prevalence of these lesions ranges between 3% and 10%. Their incidence increases with age, and it is clinically important to identify AI associated with hormonal ...
Blanco Rancés - - 2011
The evaluation of 14F7 Mab (anti-N-glycolyl GM3 ganglioside) immunorecognition in normal skin, cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM), and in lymph node metastases (LNM) has been previously reported. In this work we extended the study to benign (BMN) and dysplastic (DMN) melanocytic nevi, basal (BCC), and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Immunohistochemical assays ...
Skalli Saadia - - 2011
A 15-year-old adolescent was admitted to the hospital for management of a generalized pruritic skin rash, which had appeared 10 days prior to admission. Carbamazepine (CBZ) and insulin were initiated 44 and 23 days prior to the onset of the skin rash (day 44), respectively. Clinical examination showed bluish lesions ...
Mbazor J O - - 2011
Cervical cancer is of public health importance in developing countries. High risk sexual behaviour is a risk factor. This cross-sectional study aimed at establishing the cervical cytology profile of infertile women in Abakaliki, Nigeria. It involved 200 infertility patients and 200 general gynaecological patients. They were interviewed with a structured ...
Talukdar Sabrina - - 2011
Cystic lymphangiomata are rare benign tumours of childhood resulting from an abnormal development of the lymphatic system, most commonly arising in the head and axillary region. We report a case of haemorrhagic intra-abdominal cystic lymphangiomata presenting as an acute abdomen. A 5-year-old girl was admitted with low-grade fever, generalised abdominal ...
Cullington D - - 2011
In the emergency setting, shortness of breath is a frequent presenting complaint to physicians worldwide. The differential diagnosis is often broad and requires careful analysis of investigations to reach the correct diagnosis. The authors present a case of acute heart failure with a number of unusual presenting features that suggested ...
Godoy Heidi E HE Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY, - - 2011
► Teratomas are composed of elements of all three germ layers, all potentially capable of undergoing malignant transformation. ► A case of malignant melanoma arising in a mature teratoma is presented.
Gobbi Dalia - - 2010
The diagnosis of FNH is warranted by the possibility of avoiding unnecessary hepatic resections. The 18 patients of our series, 6 of whom were long-term survivors of malignant, non-hepatic tumors, underwent either a biopsy or a complete excision to obtain the diagnosis. The imaging characteristics could not be considered pathognomonic. ...
Bornstein Michael M - - 2012
The present study analyzed history of smoking and willingness to quit smoking in patients referred for diagnosis and treatment of different oral mucosal lesions. Prior to the initial clinical examination, patients filled in a standardized questionnaire regarding their current and former smoking habits and willingness to quit. Definitive diagnoses were ...
Rigel Darrell S - - 2010
Malignant melanoma represents a significant and growing public health burden in the US and worldwide. It is estimated that 68, 130 cases of invasive malignant melanoma and at least 48,000 cases of melanoma in-situ will be diagnosed in the US this year. Melanoma is also one of the few remaining ...
Lutzky Jose - - 2010
During the past 3 decades, the incidence, morbidity, and mortality of malignant melanoma have increased dramatically. Advanced melanoma has remained a disease that is for the most part incurable and has challenged all therapeutic efforts to make a dent in its natural history. Recent advances in the understanding of the ...
Brunt Elizabeth M - - 2010
Histological analysis of liver biopsies remains a standard against which other methods of assessment for the presence and amount of hepatic injury due to nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are measured. Histological evaluation remains the sole method of distinguishing steatosis from advanced forms of NAFLD, i.e. nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) and ...
Ensani Fereshteh - - 2012
This prospective study aimed to compare the value of fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology (FNAC) and flow cytometric immunophenotyping (FCI) with histopatopathology (HP) in the diagnosis and classification of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Twenty-nine excised lymph nodes suspected of NHL were evaluated using FNAC, FCI, and HP. Specimens were divided into ...
Capkin Erol - - 2010
Gill, trunk kidney, spleen, and liver of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were examined after exposure to different sublethal concentrations of carbosulfan (25, 50 and 200 μgL(-1)), propineb (3, 6 and 24 mgL(-1)), and benomyl (2, 5 and 20 mgL(-1)) for 14 days. Lesions were observed in gill, trunk kidney, spleen, ...
Chen Wei-Hsin - - 2010
Focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver is a benign tumor that usually affects young women. Traditionally, its treatment in children has been conservative. As a result of its rarity in childhood, its differential diagnosis with other liver tumors is challenging. We present the case of a 5-year-old girl with a ...
Liao Wang-Jun - - 2010
A 51-year-old Chinese male with a 20-year history of hepatitis B was diagnosed with hepatocellular carcinoma in the right anterior portion of the liver, sized 3.5 cm × 3.2 cm, and was treated with radiofrequency ablation (RFA) on December 18, 2001. The patient did not receive antiviral therapy for hepatitis ...
Longerich Thomas - - 2011
While improved imaging techniques have made it possible to detect focal liver lesions smaller than 1cm in diameter, differentiating benign lesions from hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) still remains a challenge. To address this problem and obtain a definite diagnosis, needle core biopsies are often performed, leading to an increased need for ...
Sebastiani Giada - - 2011
Abstract Chronic liver diseases (CLDs) represent a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In all etiologies of CLDs, staging of liver fibrosis is essential for both prognosis and management. Until a few years ago, liver biopsy was the only tool for the diagnosis of liver fibrosis in patients with ...
Yang D M - - 2011
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for the detection and characterisation of focal hepatic lesions compared with the use of T(2) weighted imaging. 45 patients with 97 hepatic lesions (51 malignant lesions and 46 benign lesions) were included in this retrospective study. ...
Towbin Alexander J - - 2011
Focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) is a benign hepatic tumor that is rare in children. In order to understand whether there are differences in the etiology or appearance of FNH in children, we analyzed the clinical information and imaging of pathologically proven cases. A pathology database was used to identify all ...
Rajappa Srinivasan - - 2010
Ewings sarcoma of the hand is relatively rare. Ewings sarcoma can present with minimal pain and swelling of the affected digit. The Erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein may be high. Radiologically, Ewings sarcoma can present with a plethora of features from permeative bone destruction to expansile lesions with or ...
Kim Y C - - 2010
The objective of this article was to illustrate the MRI findings of uncommon non-hepatocyte origin primary liver tumours, correlate them with the pathological features and discuss differential diagnoses. In conclusion, the MRI findings of uncommon benign and malignant non-hepatocyte-origin primary liver tumours vary. Awareness of characteristic MRI features can aid ...
Ma Xiaozhou - - 2010
Imaging techniques can detect small liver lesions, although these are a challenge to biopsy, particularly in cirrhotic liver. The authors assessed the diagnostic success of image-guided biopsies collected from small (≤ 3 cm) focal liver lesions. This single-center, retrospective study included 374 patients (199 men; mean age, 62 ± 15). ...
Chouillard E - - 2010
The aim pf this paper was to review the management strategies in patients who had hepatic resection for cystic lesions. If symptomatic, a simple liver cyst (SC) is best treated by unroofing. A hydatid cyst (HC) is treated by simple cystectomy or pericystectomy. Many procedures have been described for the ...
Mrzljak Anna - - 2010
Febrile cholestatic liver disease is an extremely unusual presentation of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). The liver biopsy of a 40-year-old man with febrile episodes and cholestatic laboratory pattern disclosed an uncommon subtype of HL, a nodular lymphocyte-predominant HL (NLPHL). Liver involvement in the early stage of the usually indolent NLPHL's clinical ...
Foschi Francesco Giuseppe - - 2010
Ultrasonography is the first examination performed for screening of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS) can help discriminate between HCC and other lesions. Primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL), even if rare, should be considered in the differential diagnosis of focal liver lesions (FLLs). Few data are available in the literature about ...
Goertz Rüdiger Stephan - - 2010
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has significantly improved the differentiation of hepatic lesions and the detection of liver metastases. Metastases are usually represented as hypoenhanced areas in the late phase and must then be confirmed histologically. Other lesions presenting hypoenhancement in the late phase are abscesses, hepatocellular and cholangiocellular carcinomas, adenomas, avascular ...
Matsumoto Takuya - - 2010
A 52-year-old woman presented with upper abdominal pain. Abdominal ultrasonography showed a 4-cm well-defined mass containing solid and cystic components in segment IV of the liver, and contrast-enhanced T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging revealed heterogeneous enhancement within the tumor, indicating a solid or fibrous component. There were no cystic lesions in ...
Bernatik T - - 2010
To discuss the difficulties of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in a large multi-center trial. CEUS was performed on 1349 liver lesions with an unclear diagnosis after native ultrasound using a standardized protocol (phase inversion; low MI < 0.4; Sonovue Bolus 1.2 - 4.8 ml). The early arterial, arterial, portal venous and ...
Goldbecker Annemarie - - 2011
Temozolomide in combination with radiation has been in use for more than 5 years for the therapy of glioblastoma. Known adverse effects concerning the gastrointestinal system are elevation of liver enzymes. We present the case of a patient treated with temozolomide who developed severe cholestatic liver damage and consecutive hepatic encephalopathy. ...
Pulvirenti Elia - - 2010
During recent years, we have experienced an increased detection of previously unsuspected liver masses in otherwise asymptomatic patients owing to the widespread application of imaging techniques. Regardless of the malignant or cystic tissues, a remarkable percentage of these masses are represented by benign solid neoplasms. Treatment of benign liver tumors ...
Zhou Xiang - - 2010
PURPOSE: To assess whether hepatic transit times (HTTs), as measured with contrast material-enhanced ultrasonography (US), can help predict the nature of focal liver lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was approved by the local institutional ethics committee, with written informed patient consent. A total of 402 patients were enrolled in ...
Reid-Lombardo Kaye M - - 2010
Benign pathologies of the liver often include several cystic diseases, such as simple cysts, autosomal dominant polycystic liver disease, and Caroli's disease. The differential of hepatic cysts also includes infectious pathologies, such as pyogenic liver abscess, hydatid cysts, and parasitic infections if the appropriate clinic setting. Understanding of the various ...
Heide R - - 2010
The technology of acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) represents an innovative method for the quantification of tissue elasticity. The aim of this prospective pilot study was to evaluate the role of ARFI elastometry of focal liver lesions (FLL) and the surrounding liver parenchyma. All patients with unclear FLL in B-mode ...
Handeland Kjell - - 2010
Acute cyanobacterial hepatotoxicosis in a wild roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) from Norway is reported. The diagnosis was based upon the demonstration of typical liver lesions and high liver concentrations of microcystins. The liver was markedly enlarged and histopathological examination revealed diffuse hepatocellular dissociation, degeneration and necrosis and perisinusoidal haemorrhage. Liquid ...
Lanzi Arianna - - 2010
The liver is a common site of amyloid deposition in primary systemic amyloidosis. We report the case of a 52-year-old white woman complaining of hepatomegaly, high levels of alkaline phosphatase and serum gamma-glutamyl transferase. Other laboratory tests showed proteinuria with light-chain type lambda. Color Doppler ultrasonography showed an enlarged bright ...
Fukuo Yuka - - 2010
Although reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (RLH) can be found in various organs, including the gastrointestinal tract, orbit, lung, and skin, its occurrence in the liver is rare. We report the case of a 47-year-old RLH woman who was identified with RLH of the liver during clinical follow- up of primary biliary ...
Lambertucci José Roberto - - 2010
Acute schistosomiasis is a systemic hypersensitivity reaction against the migrating schistosomula and eggs. A variety of clinical manifestations appear during the migration of schistosomes in humans: cercarial dermatitis, fever, pneumonia, diarrhoea, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, skin lesions, liver abscesses, brain tumours and myeloradiculopathy. Hypereosinophilia is common and aids diagnosis. The disease has ...
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