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Park Kyoung Jin KJ Orthopaedic Biomechanics Laboratory, VA Long Beach Healthcare System (09/151), 5901 East 7th Street, Long Beach, CA, 90822, - - 2014
Humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligaments (HAGL) has become a recognized cause of recurrent shoulder instability; however, it is unknown whether small and large HAGL lesions have similarly destabilizing effects and if large lesion repair results in restoration of stability. In a cadaver model, we evaluated the effect of small ...
Strauss Eric J - - 2013
Little is known about the role that a torn superior labrum (SLAP) plays in glenohumeral stability after biceps tenodesis. This biomechanical study evaluated the contribution of a type II SLAP lesion to glenohumeral translation in the presence of biceps tenodesis. The authors hypothesize that subsequent to biceps tenodesis, a torn ...
Frega Antonio - - 2013
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most important pathogenetic factor of intraepithelial neoplasias of the lower genital tract. HPV-DNA and mRNA tests are applied for the management of epithelial dysplasias. The aims of this multicentric retrospective study were to compare the 2 molecular tests before the onset of metachronous intraepithelial lesions ...
Han Peidong - - 2013
Needle biopsy is a medical procedure to extract tissue for diagnosis of cancer and other diseases. The quality of tissue samples acquired by needle biopsy greatly depends on the cutting forces of the cannula. The reduction of cutting forces is crucial for obtaining good tissue samples. There exist many factors ...
Southgate Dominic F L - - 2013
PURPOSE: The aims of this cadaveric study were to assess the effect of different sizes of humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligament (HAGL) lesions on joint laxity and to investigate any difference between repairs with anchors placed in a juxtachondral position and repairs with anchors placed in the humeral neck. ...
Kim Jae Kyung - - 2012
Prurigo pigmentosa is a recurrent dermatosis with severe pruritus and several peculiar clinical features. Its exact etiology and pathogenesis are unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical features and chronological changes in the histopathology of prurigo pigmentosa in Korean patients and to assess the etiology of ...
Wideman R F RF - - 2012
Bacterial chondronecrosis with osteomyelitis (BCO) is the most common cause of lameness in commercial broilers. Bacteria entering the blood via translocation from the respiratory system or gastrointestinal tract spread hematogenously to the proximal epiphyseal-physeal cartilage of rapidly growing femora and tibiae, causing BCO. We tested the hypothesis that rearing broilers ...
Rudzitis-Auth J - - 2012
BACKGROUNDXanthohumol is a prenylated flavonoid isolated from hops, which is known to act as a pleiotropic cancer chemopreventive agent owing to its anti-proliferative, anti-inflammatory and anti-angiogenic properties. In the present study, we analyzed, for the first time, whether this dietary compound may also be used for the treatment of endometriosis.METHODSPeritoneal ...
Hansson Monica - - 2012
Piglets are born with eight sharp teeth that during nursing can cause facial lesions on littermates and teat lesions on the sow. Teeth grinding in piglets is therefore often practiced to reduce these lesions. The aim of this study was to assess the consequences of grinding piglet teeth in regard ...
Santos Thiago M A - - 2011
Papillomatous digital dermatitis (PDD) is one of the most prevalent diseases of cattle, adversely affecting the dairy industry by its negative effect on milk production and reproductive performance. Our objective was to use culture-independent methods to determine the microbial diversity in different strata of PDD lesions of three Holstein dairy ...
Potterton S L - - 2011
The objectives of this paper were to characterise lesions found at the hock and to establish their prevalence across a large sample of dairy cows in the UK. In addition, the study aimed to examine farmers' perceptions of these lesions. Seventy-seven farms were visited; both hocks on a random sample ...
Galuppi R - - 2011
In May and July 2010 and in March 2011, the presence of multiple bleeding nodules at the level of the neck, shoulders, withers, back and rump in five cattle from three herds in north-central Italy were observed. A diagnosis of parafilariosis was made. Fragments of adult females of Parafilaria bovicola ...
Vangeel L - - 2011
Bovine eosinophilic myositis (BEM) is a subclinical myopathy characterized by multifocal white to grey-green discolorations in skeletal muscles, heart, tongue and oesophagus. These lesions are found at slaughter or during meat cutting and result in considerable economic losses. The etiology and pathogenesis are unclear, although it has been suggested, that ...
Zhou Yufeng - - 2011
Because tumors are much larger in size compared with the beam width of high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), raster scanning throughout the entire target is conventionally performed for HIFU thermal ablation. Thermal diffusion affects the temperature elevation and the consequent lesion formation. As a result, the lesion will grow continuously over ...
Jakobiec Frederick A - - 2011
A 40-year-old man presented with a pigmented lesion of the palpebral conjunctiva and margin of the right lower eyelid. Because of suspicion of melanoma, the lesion was resected. Microscopic examination revealed 2 distinct components: a dominant blue nevus in the tarsus consisting of bland pigmented spindle and epithelioid cells that ...
Natsume Yuko - - 2011
This study aimed to investigate whether swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) could estimate the lesion depth and mineral loss quantitatively without the use of polarization sensitivity, and to examine a relationship between OCT data and transverse microradiography (TMR) lesion parameters. Twenty-four bovine root dentin specimens were allocated to three ...
Kofler Johann - - 2011
The claw health of 139 heifers with a mean age of 22.1 months (SD: 2.6) in seven free stall dairy farms in Lower Austria was evaluated. Claw lesions were assessed during functional claw trimming and documented and analysed using the digital program Claw Manager. For documentation of lesions, each claw ...
Shah Shahid Hussain - - 2011
A 41-year-old female with significant psychiatric history presented with persistent vulvar lesions that were refractory to common clinic and home based wart therapies. Vulvoscopy directed biopsies confirmed invasive vulvar squamous cell carcinoma and further investigation revealed cervical and anal intraepithelial neoplasia in a patient who remained HIV negative with no ...
Busaracome Ploysyne - - 2011
Chronic actinic dermatitis is a chronic photosensitivity disorder characterized by severe eczematous lesions on sun-exposed skin areas. We report a case of chronic actinic dermatitis presenting with leonine facies and secondary adrenal insufficiency, which was successfully treated with topical tacrolimus. The facial lesions dramatically improved after sun avoidance and topical ...
Lee J Y - - 2011
Background  Acquired bilateral naevus of Ota-like macules (ABNOM) is similar to melasma with regard to their clinical features, including female predominance, acquired onset, and predominant involvement of the malar area. The similar clinical features suggest the possibility of a shared pathogenesis. Dermal factors including vascularity and melanogenic paracrine networks such ...
Ahmadi Neda - - 2010
Melanocytic proliferations with Spitz differentiation present a difficult clinicopathologic dilemma, as their spectrum ranges from benign to malignant. Distinct entities include Spitz nevus, atypical Spitz nevus, and Spitzoid melanoma. Their histopathologic differentiation can be challenging, and cases of Spitzoid melanoma initially diagnosed as benign Spitz nevi are reported in the ...
Akay B N - - 2010
The similarity between clinical pictures of pigmented actinic keratosis (PAK) and lentigo maligna (LM) is well known. To investigate the frequency of dermatoscopic findings suggestive of LM/lentigo maligna melanoma (LMM) in the other facial pigmented skin lesions (FPSL) and to assess the distinguishing dermoscopic criteria of PAK and LM. Eighty-nine ...
Abdou Asmaa Gaber - - 2010
Many of the histopathologic criteria used to diagnose melanoma overlap with atypical but otherwise benign naevi such as dysplastic or Spitz naevi. Galectin-3 is a member of the galectin gene family and is expressed at elevated levels in a variety of neoplastic cell types. The aim of the present study ...
Speeckaert R - - 2011
Spontaneous regression of benign and malignant melanocytic lesions can be a visible sign of immunosurveillance. In this review, we discuss different immune reactions against melanocytic lesions: halo nevus, Meyerson's nevus, regression in melanoma and melanoma-associated depigmentation. These entities present with particular clinical aspects, histology and evolution. In all entities, a ...
Ronger-Savle S - - 2011
The dermoscopic criteria for benign and malignant lesions on the vulva are not well established due to the lack of large series of such lesions. Melanoma should always be included in the differential diagnosis of pigmented lesions on the vulva especially when they are wide, or of recent onset. Elsewhere ...
Schnitzer Jay - - 2011
The authors present a case of spitzoid nevus of the left fourth toe in a 16-year-old boy, which was confirmed by biopsy to be a Spitz nevus. In a young individual, we feel that it is important to maintain a high index of suspicion for an atypical lesion that displays ...
Tabanlıoğlu Onan D - - 2010
Dermatoscopy has a great value in the diagnosis of pigmented basal cell carcinoma (BCC), which is a clinical variant of BCC. The precise definitions of histopathological correlates of dermatoscopic features observed in pigmented BCC have not been established yet. The present study aimed to investigate the correlation between the dermatoscopic ...
Sendagorta Elena - - 2010
Laugier-Hunziker syndrome (LHS) is an acquired, benign, macular hyperpigmentation of the lips and oral mucosa, often associated with pigmentation of the nails. Volar acral maculae on the palms and fingertips of patients affected by LHS are a typical feature of this rare entity. Dermoscopic examination of these maculae has been ...
Holsinger F Christopher - - 2010
We conducted a retrospective case-series review to identify the various diagnoses of neoplasms of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses in a pediatric population. Our study group was made up of 54 children-23 boys and 31 girls, aged 8 months to 16 years (mean: 9 yr). All patients had been ...
Tosi Giorgio - - 2010
Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) microspectroscopy has been employed to investigate benign (ordinary dermal and Reed nevi), dysplastic and malignant (invasive melanoma) skin lesions through the analysis of spectral changes of melanocytes as well as in the evaluation of the presence of melanin. Hierarchical cluster analysis and principal component analysis led ...
Venkatesan Aruna - - 2010
Approximately one of every 10 women has a pigmented vulvar lesion. Given the risk of melanomas and pigmented vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (squamous cell carcinoma in situ), proper evaluation of vulvar pigmented lesions is critical. Most vulvar lesions are benign; however, vulvar lesions grossly, dermoscopically, and histologically can appear atypical compared ...
Lyon Valerie B - - 2010
The relative risk for melanoma arising within a congenital nevus is related to the size of the lesion. The timing of and clinical presentation of development of melanoma is also related to the size of the lesion. Medical decisions are individualized taking into account the perceived risk of malignancy, psychosocial ...
Mora Paolo - - 2010
To describe a probable case of bilateral diffuse uveal melanocytic proliferation (BDUMP) with unusual manifestations and prognosis. Case report. Clinical follow-up of the patient lasting 50 months with recurrent fundus examination using color photographs, angiography, ultrasound, and optical coherence tomography. Serological and radiological investigations were performed to assess possible extraocular ...
van Engen-van Grunsven A C H - - 2010
It is often very difficult to confidently distinguish benign and malignant Spitz lesions, and a diagnosis of Spitz tumor of unknown malignant potential (STUMP) is rendered. To address this problem, we performed molecular genetic analysis in a large group of Spitz tumors (93 Spitz nevi and 77 STUMPs) and identified ...
Kolman Olga - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Standard operating procedures for laboratory processing and reporting of margins of cutaneous pigmented lesions do not exist. We conducted a survey of 94 dermatopathologists to evaluate these practices. OBJECTIVES: We sought to: (1) identify dominant practices among dermatopathologists; (2) determine the impact of the procedure, intent to excise, and ...
Glatz Katharina - - 2010
The presence and distribution of mitotic figures is an important discriminatory parameter in the assessment of melanocytic lesions. We evaluated the number and distribution of mitotic figures in 353 randomly collected melanocytic nevi of various subtypes by hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and immunohistochemically with the 2 mitotic markers Phospho-Histone ...
Turkmen Arif - - 2010
Congenital melanocytic nevi (CMNs) are found in approximately 1% of newborn infants, but these represent only a small proportion of the total population of nevi. They vary widely in size, from a small spot to a large area. Later in childhood, these lesions become thickened, verrucous, and hairy. Giant CMNs ...
Küsters-Vandevelde Heidi V N - - 2010
The histological differential diagnosis between melanotic schwannoma, primary leptomeningeal melanocytic lesions and cellular blue nevus can be challenging. Correct diagnosis of melanotic schwannoma is important to select patients who need clinical evaluation for possible association with Carney complex. Recently, we described the presence of activating codon 209 mutations in the ...
Cesinaro Anna Maria - - 2010
  The aim of this study was to investigate whether 9p21 status influence the prognosis of the spitzoid melanocytic tumours, peculiar lesions whose biological behaviour cannot be predicted by histopathological criteria alone.   Twenty-eight atypical spitzoid tumours, 12 conventional Spitz's nevi and one congenital Spitz's nevus were studied by fluorescent ...
Joshi Rajiv - - 2010
A 21-year-old male presented with numerous asymptomatic dark brown to brown black pigmented macules and barely raised plaques on the face, trunk and extremities, developing over a period of 2 year. The surface of most lesions had a velvety raised surface similar in appearance to acanthosis nigricans and a biopsy ...
Fernandes Juliana Dumêt - - 2010
Ichthyosis is a heterogeneous cornification disorder. Melanocytic lesions have not been previously described in association with ichthyosis. Their clinical importance lies in the fact that they may simulate melanoma clinically and dermoscopically, as seen in epidermolysis bullosa. The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical, dermoscopic, and histopathologic ...
Zimmermann A K - - 2010
The differential diagnosis of malignant melanomas and atypical melanocytic nevi is still a diagnostic challenge. The currently accepted morphologic criteria show substantial interobserver variability, likewise immunohistochemical studies are often not able to discriminate these lesions reliably. Techniques that support diagnostic accuracy are of the greatest importance considering the growing incidence ...
Edwards Libby - - 2010
Pigmented lesions represent an enormous range of conditions, from benign to malignant tumors, and from infectious to post-inflammatory. Pigmented lesions are much less easily diagnosed on anogenital skin, and clinicians should have a low threshold for biopsy confirmation of diseases not classic in appearance.
Larralde Margarita - - 2011
A new type of organoid epidermal nevus, characterized by the presence of multiple trichilemmal cysts disposed in a linear arrangement, was recently recognized and named nevus trichilemmocysticus. We report a 10-year-old girl with a congenital linear dermatosis affecting the head, neck, trunk, limbs, palms, and soles. Initially, the lesions that ...
Sinha Aparna - - 2011
Linear morphea, lichen striatus, and nevus comedonicus are rare conditions. We describe a five-year-old girl in whom all three of these dermatoses are present.
Miteva Maria - - 2010
Spitz nevus (SN) and Spitzoid malignant melanoma (SMM) represent benign and malignant counterparts at both ends of the spectrum of Spitzoid lesions. Atypical Spitzoid neoplasm (ASN) is a poorly defined and characterized category of melanocytic tumors with histologic features of both benign Spitz nevi and malignant melanomas. The group of ...
Shah Kara N - - 2010
Congenital melanocytic nevi are commonly encountered in clinical practice. Although the development of malignant melanoma arising in small and intermediate congenital melanocytic nevi is rare, there is a significant risk of malignant degeneration associated with large congenital melanocytic nevi, in particular those that arise on the torso in the so-called ...
Ruben Beth S - - 2010
Probably the most common reason to perform biopsy of the nail unit is for the evaluation of irregular pigmentation, especially longitudinal melanonychia or pigmented bands. When narrow and solitary, these are usually the product of melanocytic activation/hypermelanosis, lentigines, or melanocytic nevi. Multiple pigmented bands are generally a benign finding, the ...
Tokuda Yasutaka - - 2010
The histogenesis of melanocytic nevi is poorly understood. It is important to determine the differences and similarities in histogenesis between congenital and acquired nevi. To clarify the histogenic differences between acquired melanocytic nevi (AMN) and congenital melanocytic nevi (CMN), diameter and depth of nevus cells (tumor thickness) were examined in ...
Simon Vera - - 2011
Facial eczema is a common disease in daily dermatological practice. The cause of facial eczema is often atopic dermatitis or allergic contact dermatitis. Usually, the eczema resolves with correct topical treatment and by avoiding allergic trigger factors. A 49-year-old woman presented with persistent eczema on her forehead which recurred over ...
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