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Christodoulopoulos G - - 2012
This study reports seven rare cases of non-cerebral coenurosis in sheep. The sheep were slaughtered in abattoirs of Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) but originated from India, Iran, Oman and Sudan. The prevalence of infection with non-cerebral coenurosis was 0.008%. The locations of the cysts were the triceps brachii muscle, ...
Moreno B - - 2012
Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii are closely related cyst-forming apicomplexan parasites identified as important causes of reproductive failure in cattle and small ruminants, respectively. Protozoan abortion in small ruminants is traditionally associated with T. gondii, but the importance of N. caninum remains uncertain. The aim of this study was to ...
Royer Mark C - - 2012
Ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) is a commonly employed tool in cytopathologic practice. Artifacts resulting in misinterpretation of specimens have been noted with various ultrasound gel media. Our purpose was to perform a prospective human cadaveric study of this phenomenon to identify a low-cost solution that eliminates the artifact. Three ...
Smith Kc - - 2011
Congenital abnormalities of the reproductive tract of male sheep were surveyed at three abattoirs in the south west of England during the period June 2000-January 2004. A total of 7307 rams were examined [6521 lambs (prepubescent) and hoggets (aged from their first autumn after birth until first shorn) and 786 ...
Di Benedetto Antonina - - 2012
Cystic disease (CD) is a parasitic infestation by Echinococcus granulosus and occurs endemically in many countries, associated with sheep farming. Renal involvement is rare (2-4%) and is often indicative of disseminated disease. Echinococcal larvae can reach the kidneys through the bloodstream or lymph glands or through a direct route. The ...
Fairley R A - - 2011
A retrospective study of the microscopical lesions of nine cases of enteric listeriosis of sheep was conducted. Lesions were present variably in the abomasum and the small and large intestines. The inflammation was multifocal to extensive, mainly neutrophilic and involved the lamina propria, muscularis mucosa and superficial submucosa, with intense ...
Pessoa Clarice R M - - 2011
Neurological signs were observed in cattle consuming the roots of Marsdenia hilariana and sheep consuming leaves of Marsdeniamegalantha. Similar nervous signs to those observed in spontaneous poisoning were induced experimentally by the administration of roots of M. hilariana to goats, and by the administration of leaves and roots of M. ...
Jenberie Shiferaw - - 2011
This study was carried out with the aim of identifying types of gross and histopathological lesions in lungs of camels slaughtered between October 2009 and April 2010 at Addis Ababa abattoir enterprise, Ethiopia. All camels were originated from Borana and Kereyu areas. A total of 387 slaughtered camel lungs were ...
Ibrahim Kamal - - 2011
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonosis caused by the cestodes of the Echinococcus species. Its life cycle involves dogs and other canids as definitive hosts for the intestinal tapeworm, as well as domestic and wild ungulates as intermediate hosts for the tissue-invading metacestode (larval) stage. The disease has a special ...
Hussain Riaz - - 2011
Seroprevalence, clinical findings, and lesions of contagious caprine pleuropneumonia (CCPP) in Beetal goats were recorded during an outbreak. The overall seroprevalence of CCPP was 32.50%. Confirmation of Mycoplasma mycoides in serum was carried out using counter immunoelectrophoresis (CIE) technique. The highest CIE-positive cases were recorded in the older goats (51.72%) ...
Desouky Enas A - - 2011
A total of 75 sheep and goats from apparently healthy and from clinically affected flocks were examined for Coenurus cerebralis cysts from different localities in Egypt. Of 25 animals examined from clinically diseased sheep and goats, 25 (100%) revealed the presence of infestation with one to four coenuri in the brain. The ...
de Moraes Erica Paes Barreto Xavier - - 2011
The aim of this research was to study the contribution of Toxoplasma gondii to reproductive failure using nested PCR and histopathological examination of fetuses, stillborns and placentas. We examined 245 organs of fetuses and 28 placentas from 35 abortions and stillborns from naturally occurring miscarriages in sheep in the State ...
Azizi Shahrzad - - 2011
Maedi-visna (MV) is an important slow viral disease of sheep leading to a progressive lymphoproliferative disease. It affects multiple organs primarily the lungs, where it causes interstitial pneumonia (maedi). In this study, the lungs of 1,000 sheep carcasses were grossly inspected and those suspected to have maedi were studied at ...
Dennis M M - - 2011
During meat inspection, unusual pigmented lesions were found in the abdomens of 411 sheep from a flock raised in the Northern Tablelands of New South Wales. In each affected sheep there were multiple discrete, soft, yellow homogeneous plaques beneath the parietal peritoneum and extending into marginating facial planes of the ...
Shrikhande Gautam V - - 2011
Studies examining duplex surveillance of lower extremity bypass grafts have defined a role for guiding graft re-intervention. The goal of this study is to determine the utility of duplex scanning to detect angiographic restenosis after endovascular therapy in patients with infrainguinal arterial disease. A prospective registry including all patients treated ...
Wong Kelvin K Y - - 2011
BACKGROUND: To report three cases of caliber persistent artery presenting in the eyelid. METHODS: A case series describing three patients with vascular lesions of the eyelid that were biopsied. One case was bilateral. RESULTS: All three patients presented with a painless red lesion on the eyelid. These were on the ...
Abe Shichiro - - 2012
A 70-year-old man developed diffuse restenosis in the right coronary artery, in which a bare metal stent (BMS) and two sirolimus-eluting stents (SES) were deployed sequentially. He underwent directional coronary atherectomy (DCA) for in-stent restenosis (ISR) lesions 13 months after both BMS and SES stenting. Further 4 months later, that ...
Zaima Nobuhiro - - 2011
AIMS: Imaging mass spectrometry (IMS) enables the visualization of individual molecules present on tissue sections. We attempted to identify and visualize specific markers for aortic atherosclerotic lesions. METHODS AND RESULTS: Atherosclerotic lesions were obtained from aortic roots of apolipoprotein E (ApoE)-deficient mice at 60 weeks of age and from femoral ...
Nam Chang-Wook - - 2011
Despite the widespread adoption of drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation, the optimal treatment of DES failures remains challenging. The present study evaluated the relation between quantitative angiography and the fractional flow reserve (FFR) in restenotic lesions after DES implantation and the efficacy of FFR in determining whether to treat these lesions. ...
Movahed Mohammad Reza - - 2011
Coronary bifurcation lesion intervention is technically challenging with higher complication rates. Many coronary interventional trials have been conducted involving coronary bifurcation lesions in order to compare one-stent with two-stent techniques. However, these trials have major limitation by enrolling all bifurcation lesions, including low-risk lesions so-called not true bifurcation lesions. This ...
Yagioka Hiroshi - - 2011
In patients in whom there is a suspicion of malignant biliary strictures, bile cytology via an endoscopic nasobiliary drainage tube (ENBD cytology) is often performed, in addition to aspirated bile cytology, brush cytology, and forceps biopsy, during the initial endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). We aimed to reveal the significance of ...
Millikan Larry E - - 2011
The traditional nomenclature of vascular lesions has been enlarged and modified with the usage of newer diagnostic techniques. Digital technology has enhanced the precision of older analog tools such as Doppler flow studies. Angiograms have also more precisely delineated flow patterns to allow planned surgical intervention as an important therapeutic ...
Brugaletta Salvatore - - 2011
Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is an index of the physiological significance of a coronary stenosis. Patients who have lesions with a FFR of >0.80, even optimally treated with medication, have however a MACE rate ranging from 8 to 21%. Coronary plaques at high risk of rupture and clinical events can ...
Habara Seiji - - 2011
The efficacy of drug-eluting stents (DES) has been proven, but concerns about late complications after DES have been raised. Polymers that do not increase inflammatory or hypersensitivity reactions which may contribute to late complications are needed for new generation DES. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of phosphorylcholine-polymer coating, we ...
Bozkurt Gokhan - - 2011
True superficial temporal artery (STA) aneurysms are extremely rare and usually atherosclerotic in origin. Here the authors report a 62-year-old man with a nonpulsatile mass lesion at the trace of the right STA that was surgically excised with a preoperative diagnosis of subcutaneous mass lesion, preoperatively and histopathologically found out ...
Parsi Mansour A - - 2011
Pancreatobiliary malignancies often present as biliary strictures. Biliary brush cytology is an established diagnostic technique in the investigation of such strictures. The main shortcoming of the test, however, is its low sensitivity. The aim of this was to identify factors associated with a positive yield on biliary brush cytology. Consecutive ...
Braun Ueli - - 2011
This report describes the results of clinical, ultrasonographic and computed tomographic examination of a 16-year-old goat with extraskeletal osteosarcoma of the thorax. The lead clinical signs were abnormal condition and demeanour, fever, tachycardia, tachypnoea, dyspnoea and dilated jugular veins. Ultrasonographic examination of the thorax revealed a precardial mass, measuring 16.4 ...
Hirokawa Mitsuyoshi - - 2010
The purpose of this article was to describe cytologic findings of cribriform-morular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (CMV-PTC) in detail, to review previously reported cases, and to emphasize the diagnostic significance of this subtype. We examined 19 ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (FNA) specimens from 18 CMV-PTC patients. Cytologic features of ...
Veder Laura L - - 2010
Our aim was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) for Warthin tumors of the parotid gland. All cytologic diagnoses of Warthin tumor between 1990 and 2007 were correlated with available histology. In addition, our results were compared to current literature. In 310 cases, Warthin tumor was ...
Rakha E A - - 2010
Pleural malignant mesothelioma (MM), which is an aggressive neoplasm with a high mortality, frequently manifests initially as pleural effusions. The sensitivity of cytologic examination for its diagnosis varies widely in literature and most of the figures are from earlier studies with conventional cytologic preparations. The objective of this study was ...
Lee Seung-Pyo - - 2012
Although the success rate of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusive (CTO) lesions is rising recently, the nature and behavior of these revascularized lesions in the real-world practice are unknown. Data was collected from a prospective cohort of patients with successfully revascularized CTO lesions using drug-eluting stent (DES). ...
Kim Boo Seop - - 2010
A retrospective study. To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of asymptomatic cervical or thoracic lesions in elderly patients who have undergone surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis. Concurrent multiple spinal lesions have been reported in many studies with a varied prevalence, and described the characteristics of the disease and its ...
Goyal Shilpa - - 2010
The usefulness of rinse fluid and imprint smear cytology of the bronchial biopsy has been studied in diagnosis of lung cancer. However, scarce data is available regarding rinse fluid cytology of biopsy. The aim of this study was to evaluate these cytologic techniques for their diagnostic accuracy. Bronchial biopsy was ...
Haldar K - - 2011
To assess the significance of peritoneal washing cytology at the time of laparoscopic salpingo-oophorectomy. Retrospective study. Cambridge University Hospital. Four hundred and nine women who underwent laparoscopic salpingo-oophorectomy by the gynaecology oncology team between 2004 and December 2009 were included. One hundred and thirteen women had risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy, 103 women ...
Jaiswal Sushila - - 2010
Cytology has been shown to be of great value in intraoperative consultations of central nervous system (CNS) pathology. Intraoperative smear cytology provides a rapid and reliable intraoperative diagnosis and guidance to the neurosurgeon during surgical resection and lesion targeting. It also helps the surgeon to monitor and modify the approach ...
Narine Nadira - - 2010
A 33-year old woman had a cervical sample taken at colposcopy clinic. Seven years prior to this, at the age of 26, she had had a cytological diagnosis of cervical glandular neoplasia (cytology descriptor indicated cells suspicious of endocervical neoplasia) and severe dyskaryosis. Confirmation and treatment were by LLETZ and ...
Dubuc J - - 2010
The objectives of this observational study were to determine and compare diagnostic criteria for postpartum endometritis in dairy cows. Data generated from 1,044 Holstein cows (6 herds) enrolled in a randomized clinical trial were used. Cows were examined for endometritis at 35±3 d (exam 1) and 56±3 d (exam 2) ...
Gupta Shilpa - - 2010
Solitary neurofibroma of the scrotum is exceedingly rare and very few cases of this unusual occurrance have been reported till date. None of the previously reported cases had a preoperative cytologic diagnosis.A young man presented with an eight-month history of right scrotal swelling. Fine-needle aspiration cytology showed a spindle cell ...
Ben-Dor Itsik - - 2011
Excimer laser coronary atherectomy (ELCA) has been used for coronary intervention for more than 20 years. Advances in delivery systems for laser energy using the xenon-chlorine pulsed laser catheter deliver higher energy density with lower heat production. The Spectranetics CVX-300 (Spectranetics, Colorado Springs, CO, USA) excimer laser catheter system has ...
Etit Demet - - 2011
Adult rhabdomyoma is a rare primary benign tumour of striated muscle origin that almost exclusively presents in the head and neck region with predilection for male. We herein report a case of an adult rhabdomyoma in a 67-year-old male with cytologic features. The lesions was located in the tongue extended ...
Pitman Martha Bishop - - 2010
The Sendai guidelines for risk assessment of malignancy in patients with mucinous cysts lists "positive" cytology as a high-risk feature. In the current study, the authors hypothesized that a cytological threshold of high-grade atypical epithelial cells (AEC) is a more accurate predictor of malignancy. The clinical, radiological, and cytological data ...
Etit Demet - - 2010
The use of ultrastructural analysis in the diagnostic work-up of histologic specimens has been well studied but less is known about the utility of electron microscopy (EM) in cytopathology. 149,006 non-gynecologic cytology cases at the Massachusetts General Hospital between the years 1993 and 2006 were searched to identify those in ...
Crowley R W - - 2010
Until recently, the treatment of intracranial atherosclerosis has remained limited. Due to advances in endovascular technology and technique, angioplasty and stenting has become an accepted treatment for medically-refractory intracranial atherosclerosis. Patients with intracranial atherosclerosis frequently have multiple lesions, however, the clinical significance of each individual lesion is not always evident. ...
Bando Kenji - - 2011
At Kagawa University Hospital we conduct immediate cytology using ultrafast Papanicolaou (U-Pap) stain when collecting cytology specimens by bronchoscopy or CT-guided needle aspiration, and report here an investigation of its utility. The subjects were 503 patients for whom a final histopathological diagnosis could be made, taken from among 568 immediate ...
Kumaravel A - - 2010
Periodic surveillance with systematic biopsies is recommended for patients with Barrett's esophagus. Brush cytology has been proposed as a simple inexpensive component of endoscopic surveillance, which may also detect abnormalities prior to detection of histologic abnormalities. The aim of the current study was to determine whether brush cytology provides any ...
Reyes Cesar V - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Chlamydophila psittaci causes psittacosis, an ornithosis acquired usually from infected birds. The disease is often focal and pneumonic but on rare instances can be protean and fatal. Diagnosis is by Chlamydophila serology, which may take as long as 21 days or more. The recovery of the organisms from mice, ...
Voltaggio Lysandra - - 2010
Hepatobiliary cystadenoma with mesenchymal stroma (HCMS) is a rare cystic tumor characterized by a layer of mucinous cuboidal to columnar epithelium situated on top of a basement membrane resting on an ovarian-like stroma. Cytologic features of this entity have not been extensively studied. We present a case of HCMS with ...
Rahman Khaliqur - - 2010
In spite of becoming an integral part of surgical pathology, very few reports are available regarding the utility of intraoperative cytology (IOC) exclusively for bone lesions. This study was undertaken in a view to fill this lacuna. Sixty bone lesions were evaluated intraoperatively with the help of cytology smears prepared ...
Tanaka Yaku - - 2010
Extramammary Paget's disease of the vulva (EMPDV) is a rare gynecologic malignancy. We examined two cases of EMPDV in which cytologic study led to early detection of disease recurrence. In case 1, a 71-year-old woman, recurrence was detected with malignant cells from the vaginal Papanicolaou smear a few months after ...
Imai Tadashi - - 2010
In pulmonary cytology, the existence of cilia is considered cytologic evidence of benign cells because it is generally considered that cilia could not be identified by light microscopic observation of pulmonary adenocarcinoma. However, we encountered a rare exceptional case of pulmonary adenocarcinoma with cilia. A 55-year-old woman with bloody sputum ...
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