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Li Zu-Gui ZG From the *PET-CT Center, and †Department of Pathology, Pingjin Hospital, Logistics University of Chinese People's Armed Police Force, Tianjin, People's Republic of - - 2014
Primary anorectal melanoma is an extremely rare, aggressive malignancy with a poor prognosis. A 76-year-old man with a 2-month history of rectal bleeding, anal pain, and tenesmus was referred for an F-FDG PET/CT examination, which revealed an abnormal focal FDG uptake on the lower rectum with multiple other intense FDG-avid ...
Palmucci Stefano S Stefano Palmucci, Radiodiagnostic and Radiotherapy Unit, University Hospital "Policlinico-Vittorio Emanuele", 95123 Catania, - - 2014
Since its clinical introduction, several studies in literature have investigated gadolinium ethoxybenzhyl diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid or gadoxetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA) properties. Following contrast injection, it provides dynamic vascular phases (arterial, portal and equilibrium phases) and hepatobiliary phase, the latter due to its uptake by functional hepatocytes. The main advantages of Gd-EOB-DTPA of ...
Kishida Norihiro - - 2014
We report two cases of cystic neoplasm of the liver with mucinous epithelium in which both ovarian-like stroma and bile duct communication were absent. The first case was a 41-year-old woman. She underwent right trisegmentectomy due to a multilocular cystic lesion, 15 cm in diameter, with papillary nodular components in ...
Kang Eun Joo - - 2014
Visceral larva migrans (VLM) syndrome is a clinical manifestation of systemic organ involvement by Toxocara species. VLM with involvement of the bladder and liver is a rare finding. A 62-year-old woman presented with diffuse bladder wall thickening and multiple liver masses with peripheral eosinophilia and urinary symptoms. We considered malignancy ...
Haridy M M Department of Pathogenetic Veterinary Sciences, United Graduate School of Veterinary Sciences, Gifu University, 1-1 Yanagido, Gifu 501-1193, Japan; Department of Pathology and Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, South Valley University, Qena 83523, - - 2014
Four Japanese forest green tree frogs (Rhacophorus arboreus) were presented with emaciation, abdominal distention and ulcerative and nodular cutaneous lesions affecting the brisket, limbs, digits and ventral abdomen. Another three frogs had been found dead in the same tank 1 year previously. Necropsy examination of these seven frogs revealed splenomegaly ...
Clendaniel Daphne C DC Department of Small Animal Surgery (D.C., R.S.) and Department of Pathology (T.D.), Animal Medical Center, New York, NY; Department of Clinical Studies, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (K.S.); Department of Small Animal Oncology, Fifth Avenue Veterinary Specialists, New York, NY (A.T.); Department of Small Animal Oncology, Long Island Veterinary Specialists, Plainview, NY (T.A.); and Department of Clinical Studies, Katonah-Bedford Veterinary Center, Bedford Hills, NY - - 2014
Medical records for 79 dogs with confirmed splenic hemangiosarcoma (HSA) following splenectomy were reviewed for information regarding either the presence or absence of macroscopic liver lesions and the histopathological characteristics of the liver. Only 29 of 58 dogs (50%) with grossly abnormal livers had HSA metastasis. No dogs with grossly ...
Ohkura Yu Y Yu Ohkura, Masaji Hashimoto, Seigi Lee, Kazunari Sasaki, Masamichi Matsuda, Goro Watanabe, Department of Digestive Surgery, Hepato Pancreato Billiary Surgery Unit, Toranomon Hospital, Tokyo 105-8470, - - 2014
Diffuse liver hemangiomatosis with giant cavernous hemangioma in adult is extremely rare. A 35 year-old woman presented to hospital with main complaint of epigastric pain and abdominal fullness. An enhanced computed tomography scan revealed a massive liver tumor in right lobe about 150 mm in size. There was contrast enhancement ...
Yang Jigang J From the *Department of Nuclear Medicine, Beijing Friendship Hospital of Capital Medical University, Beijing, People's Republic of China; and †Department of Radiology, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, - - 2014
The positive predictive value of MIBG scintigraphy in the evaluation of neuroblastoma is very high, and false-positive findings are rare. We present here persistently elevated MIBG activity in the liver caused by external beam radiation, which could be misinterpreted as malignant involvement if history and prior studies were not carefully ...
Cartier V V UNAM University, Department of Radiology, Angers University, Angers University Hospital, 4, rue Larrey, 49933 Angers cedex 09, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
More than 90% of cases of hepatocellular carcinoma occur on the background of chronic liver disease. Its diagnosis should therefore be based on six-month ultrasound screening, which should be started in these patients. The positive diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma is based on its vascularization examined on dynamic CT or MRI ...
Saravanan Janakiraman J Division of HPB Diseases, Centre for GI Bleed, Stanley Medical College Hospital, Institute of Surgical Gastroenterology & Liver Transplantation, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
Ciliated hepatic foregut cysts (CHFCs) are rare congenital cysts of the liver that originate from the embryologic foregut. Despite an increase in incidence, they remain rare and several key characteristics remain poorly understood, including the range of presentation and the risk of malignant conversion. Large, symptomatic cysts and small asymptomatic, ...
Mungai Francesco F Department of Radiology (MM, MPB, LG), Institute of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Brescia, Spedali Civili di Brescia, Piazzale Spedali Civili 1, Brescia, Department of Radiology (AV), Ospedale S. Cuore di Gesù, Viale Principe di Napoli, 14/A, Benevento, and Department of Experimental and Clinical Biomedical Sciences (FM, SC), Radiodiagnostic Unit no. 2 and Department of Physics (LNM), University of Florence, Azienda Ospedaliero, Universitaria Careggi, Largo Brambilla 3, Florence, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to assess the clinical role of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) analysis in noncystic focal liver lesion (FLL) classification/characterization.Six hundred liver magnetic resonances with multi-b (b = 50, 400, 800 s/mm) diffusion-weighted imaging (DwI) were retrospectively reviewed. Mean ADC was measured in 388 lesions (195 benign and 193 ...
Adams D H DH Cape Canaveral Scientific Inc., Melbourne Beach, FL, - - 2014
A female longfin mako shark Isurus paucus (Guitart-Manday, 1966) was found moribund on the Atlantic Ocean beach near Canaveral National Seashore, Florida; the shark died shortly after stranding. Macroscopic lesions included a partially healed bite mark on the left pectoral fin, a clefted snout, pericardial effusion and a pericardial mass ...
Arai Takuma T Department of Surgery, Okaya Municipal Hospital, Hon-machi 4-11-33, Okaya 394-8512, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The association of hepatic sarcoidosis with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is considerably rare. Here we report a rare case of HCC associated with sarcoidosis. A 75-year-old male with no history of alcohol addiction or viral hepatitis was referred to our hospital because of an abnormal liver mass. Subsegmentectomy of the liver ...
Dezsőfi Antal A First Department of Paediatrics, Semmelweis University, Bókay János utca 53, 1083 Budapest, Hungary. Electronic address: - - 2014
Paediatric hepatic neoplasias are rare, accounting for 1-4% of all solid childhood tumors. Liver tumors in children can be classified into benign or malignant; some of the benign lesions can have the potential of malignant transformation. Two-thirds of liver tumors in children are malignant. Hepatoblastoma accounts for two-thirds of malignant ...
Liu Lisha L Department of Pharmaceutics, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009, PR - - 2014
The primary aim of our current study was to utilize hyaluronic acid (HA) to decorate reconstituted high density lipoprotein (rHDL) loaded with lovastatin (LT), termed as HA-LT-rHDL, in order to investigate whether coating HA could efficiently evade from the undesired uptake of LT-rHDL in liver mediated by scavenger receptor class ...
Dai Yang-Hong - - 2014
Hepatobiliary cystadenocarcinoma is a rare epithelial malignant neoplasm of the liver or extrahepatic bile ducts. Early diagnosis of hepatobiliary cystadenocarcinoma is difficult because of its asymptomatic features and rarity. Moreover, the molecular pathogenesis of hepatobiliary cystadenocarcinoma remains unclear. Herein, we described a case of hepatobiliary cystadenocarcinoma in female with chronic ...
Al Ansari Najwa N Department of Radiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, CB 7510 - 2001 Old Clinic Bldg, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599-7510, - - 2014
To determine MR features suggestive of mass-forming cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) or liver metastases of adenocarcinoma of unknown primary (AUP), and to compare the ability of two experienced radiologists to establish the correct diagnosis. 61 patients with CCA or AUP, with MRIs were placed into two groups: population 1, 28 patients with ...
Munday Js J a Pathobiology, Institute of Veterinary , Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University , Private Bag 11 222, Palmerston North , New - - 2014
Abstract CASE HISTORY: A 7-year-old cat developed sporadic vomiting, reduced appetite, and weight loss over the previous 3 months. Palpation revealed a large mid-abdominal mass and the cat had marked eosinophilia. The cat progressively lost weight over the next 7 weeks when euthanasia was performed. Necropsy revealed a 3 cm diameter ...
Radmard Amir Reza AR Department of Radiology, Shariati Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, North Kargar Ave., Tehran, 14114, Iran, - - 2014
This study investigated how the volume of hepatic metastatic lesions can affect liver haemodynamics and whether these perfusion parameters may help to differentiate benign and malignant liver lesions. The Doppler perfusion index (DPI the ratio of arterial to total liver blood flow) was measured in 46 patients aged 29-83 years, exhibiting ...
Dezsőfi Antal A First Department of Pediatrics, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary. Electronic address: - - 2014
Liver biopsy is the standard procedure for obtaining hepatic tissue for histopathological examination. The three major techniques are percutaneous, transvenous, and laparoscopic/open biopsy, with either cutting or suction needles. The indications for liver biopsy are shifting as knowledge of etiologies, non-invasive biomarker alternatives, and treatment options in paediatric liver disease ...
Ramia J M JM Hepato-Bilio-Pancreatic Surgical Unit, Department of Surgery, Guadalajara University Hospital, C/General Moscardó 26, 5-1, 28020, Guadalajara, Madrid, Spain, - - 2014
Cysts in contact with the inferior vena cava (IVC) represent a challenge for hepato-pancreatico-biliary surgeons. Although the literature on the topic is scarce, the most widely accepted approach is conservative surgery. Partial cyst resection is recommended, because radical resection is considered a high-risk procedure. This was a retrospective study over ...
Damian Claudiu-Dumitru CD PhD student, "Iuliu Hatieganu" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Scandia Imagistica, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. - - 2014
To evaluate the concordance between intraoperative ultrasound (IOUS) and abdominal ultrasound (US) for the characterization of focal liver lesions in patients with colorectal cancer, and to evaluate the way in which IOUS influences the initially established hepatic surgical protocol based on abdominal US only. In this prospective study 73 patients ...
Sun Qi-Kai QK Department of General Surgery, Anhui Provincial Hospital, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui 230001, P.R. - - 2014
Gastrinoma is most commonly located in the gastrinoma triangle (comprising of the duodenum, pancreas and bile ducts) or in the adjacent lymph nodes. Due to the low mortality rate, it is often misdiagnosed as other diseases with similar clinical characteristics, such as a solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas (SPTP). ...
Giakoustidis Alexandros A Department of Surgery, The London Clinic, - - 2014
Ciliated foregut cysts are rare anomalies due to aberrant embryological development. Only a small number of gallbladder ciliated foregut cysts have been reported. We report the case of a 29-year-old woman presenting with epigastric pain associated with diarrhoea and vomiting, who was found to have raised serum bilirubin levels and ...
Nardini Giordano - - 2014
A loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta) was found stranded alive along the Adriatic coast close to Ancona, Italy, displaying obtundation, tachypnea, and increased respiratory effort. It died a few hours after admission, and a postmortem examination was immediately performed. Miliary yellowish nodules were evident in the liver, and a lower ...
Zhang Xiao-Yang XY 1 Department of Pathology, Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300211, China ; 2 Department of Dermatology, Traditional Chinese Medical Hospital of Rizhao, Rizhao 276000, - - 2014
Hepatic involvement in aggressive systemic mastocytosis (ASM) is relatively common, and the main clinical features of this disease include hepatomegaly, portal hypertension, ascites, and fibrosis. Cirrhosis is a rare ASM symptom. We report an ASM case that initially mimicked cirrhosis based on clinical and radiographic analyses. The portal tract was ...
Lee Seohyun S Department of Gastroenterology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
EUS-guided and percutaneous lavage therapy for large hepatic cysts can replace surgical drainage. EUS-guided therapy can especially enable the alcohol lavage to be done with a 1-step approach. To evaluate the utility of EUS-guidance and percutaneous ethanol lavage therapy. Retrospective cohort study. Tertiary-care referral teaching hospital. Adult patients with large ...
Portolani Nazario N Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, Surgical Clinic, University of Brescia, P. le Spedali Civili, 1, 25123, Brescia, - - 2014
Most liver hemangioma (HA) diagnoses are presumptive and based on radiological features and growth trend. The goal of this study was to analyze the impact of a false diagnosis of hemangioma upon the overall therapeutic course and upon the prognosis of a liver malignancy. Twenty-eight patients with liver cancer who ...
Rinaldi Francesca F Francesca Rinaldi, Enrico Brunetti, Division of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, San Matteo Hospital Foundation, 27100 Pavia, - - 2014
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a complex, chronic and neglected disease with a worldwide distribution. The liver is the most frequent location of parasitic cysts. In humans, its clinical spectrum ranges from asymptomatic infection to severe, potentially fatal disease. Four approaches exist in the clinical management of CE: surgery, percutaneous techniques ...
Surace Alessandra A University of Turin - Department of Oncology - School of Medicine -Teaching Hospital "San Luigi Gonzaga" - Section of General Surgery - Orbassano - Turin. Electronic address: - - 2014
Incidence of neuroendocrine tumor (NET) is increased in the last thirty years from 1.1 to 5.2 cases per 100,000 people in the United States. They can originate from the pancreatic gland and for the majority of cases are not functioning (80%). A small percentage of functioning may produce adrenocorticotropic hormone ...
Tong X X Department of Oncology, Jiading Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shanghai, - - 2014
Astragalus membranaceus, one of the most common Chinese herbs, is widely used to prevent and treat a variety of diseases. Very few adverse reactions, caused by A. membranaceus, have been reported in the literature. The purpose of this article was to report a case of marked increase in carbohydrate antigen 19-9 ...
Christophe Cassinotto C Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging, Hôpîtal Haut-Lévêque, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Bordeaux, 1 Avenue de Magellan, 33604 Pessac, France; INSERM U1053, Université Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Noninvasive assessment of liver fibrosis by elastography is a rapidly developing field with frequent technological innovations. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic performances of Supersonic Shear Imaging (SSI) for the diagnosis of liver fibrosis in chronic liver disease. A total of 349 consecutive patients with chronic ...
Graham Jennifer J Department of Zoological Companion Animal Medicine, Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University, 200 Westboro Road, North Grafton, MA 01536, USA; Department of Comparative Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine, 1959 Northeast Pacific Street, Seattle, WA 98195, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
This article reviews diagnosis and management of liver lobe torsion in rabbits. Practitioners should recommend initial diagnostics including radiographs and blood work on rabbits presenting with nonspecific signs of gastrointestinal (GI) stasis to better determine possible etiology and make the best treatment recommendations. If hepatic enzyme elevation is found in ...
Rezac D J DJ Department of Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology, Kansas State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Manhattan - - 2014
The prevalence and severity of multiple gross pathologic lesions and abnormalities in cull dairy and beef cows was evaluated at a commercial abattoir in the Great Lakes region of the United States; 1,461 cattle were examined at slaughter over the course of 3 production days and evaluated for the occurrence ...
Cnossen Wybrich R - - 2014
Polycystic liver disease (PLD) is the result of embryonic ductal plate malformation of the intrahepatic biliary tree. The phenotype consists of numerous cysts spread throughout the liver parenchyma. Cystic bile duct malformations originating from the peripheral biliary tree are called Von Meyenburg complexes (VMC). In these patients embryonic remnants develop ...
Yang Yin-Long YL Department of Breast Surgery, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, Shanghai 200000, People's Republic of - - 2014
Microwave ablation (MWA) has become increasingly popular as a minimally invasive treatment for benign and malignant tumors of the liver, lung and kidney. Recently, two studies have attempted to apply the technique to debulk benign thyroid nodules and gained positive results. MWA of benign nodules demonstrated significant volume reductions, while ...
Kishina Manabu M Division of Medicine and Clinical Science, Department of Multidisciplinary Internal Medicine, Tottori University School of Medicine, Yonago 683-8504, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) with Sonazoid (perfluorobutane) in patients with liver abscess. Sonazoid is a contrast agent with a low mechanical index and is phagocytosed by Kupffer cells. Twenty-two patients with liver abscess were evaluated with conventional US, real-time CEUS ...
Abu-Zaid Ahmed A College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; Department of Surgical Oncology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Electronic address: - - 2014
VIPoma is an exceedingly unusual neuroendocrine neoplasm that autonomously secretes vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP). Its reported incidence is approximately 1 per 10 million individuals per year. Herein, we report the case of sporadic pancreatic VIPoma in a 47-year-old male who presented with a six-month history of chronic, plentiful, watery diarrhea. ...
Bieze M M Departments of Surgery, Academic Medical Centre, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
Hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) is a benign hepatic lesion that may be complicated by bleeding, although the risk of bleeding is ill-defined. The aim of this study was to assess risk factors for bleeding in patients diagnosed with HCA. Patients with HCA were included prospectively from January 2008 to July 2012. ...
Rezac D J DJ Department of Diagnostic Medicine/Pathobiology, Kansas State University College of Veterinary Medicine, Manhattan - - 2014
An array of management tools exists within the beef industry to improve animal welfare and productivity; however, the ability to assess the outcomes of these tools is needed. Deficiencies in management commonly manifest as bovine respiratory disease complex or nutritional disorders such as acidosis; therefore, lung, liver, and rumen gross ...
Ejtehadi Farshid F Farshid Ejtehadi, Nikolaos A Chatzizacharias, Emmanuel Huguet, Raaj K Praseedom, Asif Jah, Department of HPB and Transplant Surgery, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Cambridgeshire CB2 0QQ, United - - 2014
Pancreato-biliary malignancies often present with locally advanced or metastatic disease. Surgery is the mainstay of treatment although less than 20% of tumours are suitable for resection at presentation. Common sites for metastases are liver, lungs, lymph nodes and peritoneal cavity. Metastatic disease carries poor prognosis, with median survival of less ...
Kuroda Tatsuo T Department of Pediatric Surgery, Keio University, School of - - 2014
The International Society for the study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) classification divides vascular lesions into two major entities: neoplasms originating from the vascular endothelium and vascular malformations. Although this concept has been widely accepted, little has been established regarding vascular lesions in deep organs, such as infantile hepatic hemangiomas. The ...
Viswanathan Sreekanth S Department of Pediatrics, Rainbow Babies and Children's Hospital, University Hospitals, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2014
Liver cysts in the newborn often pose significant diagnostic challenges. Described herein is a case of large congenital liver cyst that was difficult to diagnose both antenatally and postnatally and which was later diagnosed as Caroli disease.
Das Chhanda C Department of Pathology, Institute of Post-Graduate Medical Education and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal, - - 2014
Pediatric hepatic mass is a heterogeneous group of benign and malignant lesions. Percutaneous fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) can be utilized as a diagnostic modality to assess the nature of radiologically demonstrated hepatic lesions and thus facilitate individualized treatment. The objective of the present study was to determine the diagnostic ...
Jovicić Ivana - - 2014
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease of unknown etiology. Although hepatic granulomas occur in 50-65% of patients with systemic sarcoidosis, isolated liver sarcoidosis is rare. Clinical presentation varies from asymptomatic to manifest. The diagnosis is based on a characteristic histopathological finding of liver biopsy. We reported a 69-year old man ...
Ozbudak Ersan E Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kocaeli University Faculty of Medicine, - - 2014
Cardiac involvement in hydatid disease is more seldom than the involvement of the liver and the lungs. Cardiac cyst hydatid disease is diagnosed incidentally or by means of symptoms such as dyspnea and angina pectoris. Here, we present the case of a 45-year-old male patient who underwent open heart surgery ...
Dhillon Manu M Senior Lecturer, Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, ITS Centre for Dental Studies and Research , Ghaziabad, India - - 2014
Pleomorphic adenoma originally called the mixed tumour is a neoplasm commonly involving major salivary glands. The spectrum of malignancy in pleomorphic adenoma comprises three distinct entities - Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma, carcinosarcoma and benign metastasising pleomorphic adenoma. Carcinoma ex pleomorphic adenoma consists of pleomorphic adenoma with a malignant epithelial component. ...
Smith S L SL Animal and Biomedical Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North, New - - 2014
Sheep with Johne's disease develop epithelioid macrophage microgranulomas, specific to Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (Map) infection, in the terminal ileum, mesenteric lymph nodes, and organs distant to the alimentary track such as the liver. The objectives of this study were to determine whether liver pathology was present in ewes affected ...
Mokhtari Maral M Department of Pathology, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, - - 2014
Objective: To describe the findings in fine needle aspiration (FNA) of an amebic liver abscess (ALA). Study Design: Seven patients (6 men and 1 woman between 52 and 60 years of age) treated for amebic dysentery with multiple liver lesions were selected for ultrasound (US)-guided FNA. The clinical differential diagnosis ...
Liu Kuiliang - - 2014
Gastric duplication cysts are rare congenital abnormalities, and malignant transformation of these duplications is also thought to be rare. During a routine health checkup, a 28-year-old man underwent abdominal sonography followed by computed tomography (CT) with contrast agent, which revealed a cystic lesion with no enhancement. Laparoscopic surgery showed a ...
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