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Muñoz-Hernández Bertha - - 2014
Coccidioides spp. is the ethiological agent of coccidioidomycosis, an infection that can be fatal. Its diagnosis is complicated, due to that it shares clinical and histopathological characteristics with other pulmonary mycoses. Coccidioides spp. is a dimorphic fungus and, in its saprobic phase, grows as a mycelium, forming a large amount ...
Kroidl Arne - - 2014
The prevalence of Old World Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in the Mediterranean region is increasing and in Southern Europe often caused by Leishmania infantum. Spontaneous healing of cutaneous leishmaniasis is commonly observed, especially if caused by L. major, whereas L. infantum associated lesions have been reported with longer disease duration and decreased ...
Bashtar Abdel-Rahman AR Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Cairo, - - 2014
The current study provides the first record of infection with Sarcocystis species in the barber skink Eumeces schneideri schneideri (Scincidae) captured from the north region of Egypt around the cities of El-Hamam and Al-Dabaa, Mersa Matruh Governorate, Egypt. Morphology of the parasite cysts was described using light and transmission electron ...
Sivalingam Sivakumar S Cardiothoracic Surgery Department, National Heart Institute, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
Enteric cysts are uncommon posterior mediastinal cysts, usually presenting with respiratory symptoms in infancy. We present a rare case of posterior mediastinal enteric cyst extending from below the diaphragm and perforating into the left atrium, causing a thromboembolic cerebral infarct in a 5-year-old boy.
Orr Yishay Y The Heart Centre for Children, Westmead, New South Wales, - - 2014
Although many complex congenital cardiac lesions can be primarily repaired, there remain circumstances where a staged approach may carry lower risk than a primary repair. We present 4 clinical cases where stable intermediate stages allowed somatic growth and facilitated successful biventricular repair or univentricular palliation.
Zobba Rosanna R Dipartimento di Medicina Veterinaria, Università di Sassari, via Vienna 2, 07100 Sassari, - - 2014
Coenurosis, a neurological parasitic infection of ruminants caused by the larval stage of Taenia multiceps, is commonly reported in Sardinia, the most representative region for ovine population in Italy. Chronic form appears as a consequence of cyst development, frequently reported in the brain and spinal cord. Diagnostic suspect of coenurosis ...
Mahmoudvand Hossein H Research Center for Tropical and Infectious Diseases, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran; Research Center for Hydatid Disease in Iran, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, - - 2014
Cystic echinococcosis (hydatid cyst, CE) as a zoonotic parasitic infection caused by the larval stage of the dog tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus is still an important economic and public health concern in the world. One of the treatment options for CE is surgical removal of the cysts combined with chemotherapy using ...
Isajevs Sergejs S aFaculty of Medicine, University of Latvia bRiga East University Hospital cDigestive Diseases Centre GASTRO dAcademic Histology Laboratory, Riga, Latvia eFaculty of Medicine, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, - - 2014
It is important to stratify patients according to the magnitude of risk for gastric cancer development; the OLGA (Operative Link for Gastritis Assessment) and OLGIM (Operative Link on Gastric Intestinal Metaplasia) staging systems of lesions in the stomach mucosa have been proposed for this purpose. There are some discrepancies in ...
Khare Pratima P Department of Pathology, Dr B.S. Ambedkar Hospital, New Delhi, 110085, - - 2014
Cysticercosis of the tongue is a rare disease caused by infestation with the larval stage of the pork tapeworm (Taenia solium) in which man acts as a secondary host rather than a primary host. Most of these lesions are asymptomatic. The patient usually reports to the physician with the complaint ...
Canas Marques Rita R Serviço de Anatomia Patológica, Instituto Português de Oncologia de Lisboa Francisco Gentil, EPE, Rua Professor Lima Basto, 1099-023, Lisboa, Portugal, - - 2014
Sclerosing polycystic adenosis is a rare salivary gland lesion. Recently, this entity has been regarded as a neoplastic lesion of low-grade malignant potential but, to date, no invasive carcinoma, metastases, or associated mortality have been reported. We report the first case of an invasive carcinoma component in a recurrent sclerosing ...
Hogue Jean-Charles JC Oncology Research Unit, CHU de Québec Research Centre, 1050 chemin Ste-Foy, Quebec City, QC, Canada, G1S 4L8. - - 2014
Background/Aim: Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) is a non-invasive malignant breast lesion. Patients diagnosed with a DCIS on percutaneous biopsy usually undergo resection, and the final pathology may reveal that the lesion was in fact invasive (upgrading at surgery), this leading to treatment strategy change during its course. The aim ...
Westers-Attema Annet A Department of Dermatology, Maastricht University Medical Centre, 6202 AZ Maastricht, The Netherlands. - - 2014
Diagnosis and subsequent treatment of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma are frequently based on punch biopsies. Regarding the current TNM classification and stage grouping for cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, it is important to identify the high-risk features (infiltration depth > 4 mm, perineural and/or lymphovascular invasion and poor differentiation). This study investigates ...
Golzari Samad Ej SE Samad EJ Golzari, Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, - - 2014
Hydatid disease, caused by the parasite Echinococcus granulosus, mostly affects the liver and the lungs with hydatid cysts which consist of three layers: (1) the outer pericyst; (2) the middle laminated membrane; and (3) the inner germinal layer. Pericyst, as the outermost layer of the hydatid cyst, is made by ...
Just Benjamin A BA Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Center of Dentistry, Ulm University Hospital, Albert-Einstein-Allee 11, 89081, Ulm, - - 2014
Human cystic echinococcosis, with hepatic localization as its most common clinical manifestation is a worldwide spread zoonosis (helminthiasis, infection with parasitic worms) with an equally wide spectrum of intermediate and definitive hosts and areas of high endemicity like the Mediterranean, North and East Africa, South America and Central Asia. (Torgerson ...
Monteiro D U DU Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, UFSM, Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, Santa Maria, - - 2014
The cystic echinococcosis (CE) is an important zoonotic disease caused by the parasite Echinococcus spp. In Brazil, this parasite is present in Rio Grande do Sul (RS) state, border with Argentina and Uruguay, causing several damages to human and animal health. This study aimed to identify Echinococcus spp. in hydatid ...
Tung Che-Huang CH Institute of Cellular and Organismic Biology, Academia Sinica, Taipei, - - 2014
Symbiotic copepods compose one-third of the known copepod species and are associated with a wide range of animal groups. Two parasitic copepods endoparasitic in acorn worms (Hemichordata), Ive balanoglossi and Ubius hilli, collected in the Mediterranean Sea and Australian waters, respectively, were described a century ago. Here we report a ...
Kubo Masahito M 1  Laboratory of Veterinary Pathology, Joint Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Yamaguchi University, 1677-1 Yoshida, Yamaguchi 753-8515, - - 2014
Abstract Severe dermatitis caused by trombiculid mite infestation was observed in an Amami rabbit (Pentalagus furnessi). The mite was identified as Leptotrombidium miyajimai. This is the first report of trombiculid mite-associated cutaneous lesions in Amami rabbits and also the first direct evidence of L. miyajimai parasitism of this host species.
Clark C Graham CG Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, - - 2014
Recently, conflicting evidence has been published on the mode of transmission of the trichomonad Dientamoeba fragilis. Detection of D. fragilis DNA inside Enterobius vermicularis eggs agrees with the prediction of Dobell in 1940 that the eggs of a nematode act as a vector for transmission. However, the identification of a ...
Imai Kenichiro K Division of Endoscopy, Shizuoka Cancer Center, 1007, Shimonagakubo, Nagaizumi, Suntogun, Shizuoka, 411-8777, Japan, - - 2014
Currently, granular-type laterally spreading tumors (LST-G) have been classified into uniform [LST-G (UNI)] and nodular mixed [LST-G (MIX)] subtypes. However, the progression pattern of each subtype has not been evaluated in detail. The present study was designed to assign adequate treatment strategies to each LST-G subtype, based on the progression ...
Dubey J P JP USDA, - - 2014
Abstract Clinical toxoplasmosis has been reported in many species of warm-blooded animals, but is rare in camelids. Here we report acute fatal systemic toxoplasmosis involving heart, thyroid gland, stomach, intestine, diaphragm, adrenal glands, and liver of a 13-mo-old llama (Llama glama). Many Toxoplasma gondii tachyzoites were associated with tissue necrosis ...
Saridomichelakis Manolis N MN Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Clinic of Medicine, University of Thessaly, Trikalon Str. 224, GR-43100, Karditsa, - - 2014
Canine leishmaniosis, a zoonotic infectious disease caused by Leishmania infantum (syn. L. chagasi), is fairly common in endemic areas, and skin lesions are the most frequent clinical manifestation. Despite the large volume of relevant scientific information, there is a relative paucity of up-to-date review articles on the cutaneous manifestations of the ...
Ntais Pantelis P Laboratory of Clinical Bacteriology, Parasitology, Zoonoses and Geographical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, Crete, Greece. Electronic address: - - 2014
The rare zymodeme, Leishmania tropica MON-58, was isolated from a young Afghan refugee with a facial cutaneous lesion who had come to live in Crete early 2008. The same zymodeme variant was isolated from a local dog that had never travelled outside the island, with symptoms of visceral leishmaniasis, which ...
Mittal Aliza A 1Department of Pediatrics, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjang Hospital, New Delhi, - - 2014
Neurocysticercosis is a common parasitic infection of the central nervous system. Intraparenchymal giant cysticercosis has been described in literature, but this is a rare report of a thalamic giant cysticercosis in a young child where the diagnosis could be made on follow-up. A 1½-year-old male child presented with seizures, hemiparesis, ...
Xu Xiaowei - - 2014
Melanoma has a propensity for lymph node metastasis. However, the incidence of lymphatic invasion detected by histology alone in primary melanoma is disproportionately low in comparison to the incidence of positive sentinel lymph nodes (SLN). With the discovery of lymphatic endothelial cell markers, such as podoplanin and LYVE-1, lymphatic vessels ...
Schwendicke Falk F Department of Operative and Preventive Dentistry, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
Invasive therapy of proximal caries lesions initiates a cascade of re-treatment cycles with increasing loss of dental hard tissue. Non- and micro-invasive treatment aim at delaying this cascade and may thus reduce both the health and economic burden of such lesions. This study compared the costs and effectiveness of alternative ...
Bahari Pejman P Vector-Borne Diseases Research Center, North Khorasan University of Medical & Laboratory of North Khorasan Veterinary Head office,Bojnurd, - - 2014
Sarcocystis is an obligatory intracellular protozoan parasite which can infect humans and animals. Sheep are intermediate hosts of four Sarcocystis species: Sarcocystis tenella, Sarcocystis gigantea, Sarcocystis arieticanis, and Sarcocystis medusiformis The purpose of this study was to perform a molecular identification of the macroscopic and microscopic cysts of Sarcocystis in ...
de Oliveira Filho José Rildo Fernandes JR Americo Brasiliense State Hospital, Alameda Aldo Lupo, 1260, 14820-000, Américo Brasiliense, SP, Brazil. - - 2014
The presence of benign thyroid tissue that is located on the side of the neck is extremely rare and not related to the development of the thyroid, and it is difficult to differentiate it from thyroid carcinoma metastasis.The parasitic thyroid nodule occurs when thyroid tissue located in the lateral neck ...
Erkoç Mustafa Fatih MF Department of Radiology, Numune Hastanesi, Sivas, - - 2014
Hydatidosis is an endemic parasitic disease in Mediterranean countries, often caused by the dog tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. The disease predominantly affects the liver (60-70%) and lungs (30%), and the surgical management is considered as the gold standard for treatment. Besides anaphylactic reactions, the most frequent complication of the hydatid disease ...
Mowlavi Gholamreza G Department of Medical Parasitology and Mycology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, PO Box 6446, Tehran 14155, Iran - Center for Research of Endemic Parasites of Iran (CREPI), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, PO Box 6446, Tehran 14155, - - 2014
Two calcified objects recovered from a 3rd to 4th-century grave of an adolescent in Amiens (Northern France) were identified as probable hydatid cysts. By using thin-section petrographic techniques, probable Calodium hepaticum (syn. Capillaria hepatica) eggs were identified in the wall of the cysts. Human hepatic capillariosis has not been reported ...
Pereira Mariana R MR Núcleo de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa Hospital Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte, Rua Domingos Vieira 590, 30150240 Belo Horizonte, MG, - - 2014
The diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a challenging issue and several studies worldwide have evaluated the different tools to reach a diagnostic solution. The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has proven to be effective in detecting the genome of Leishmania species in different biological samples. In this study, we compared ...
Rodriguez Rubens R Programa de Pós-Graduação: Ciências em Gastroenterologia e Hepatologia, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre-RS, Brazil; Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Passo Fundo, Passo Fundo-RS, - - 2014
To date the diagnosis of abdominal angiostrongyliasis (AA) depends on the histological identification of Angiostrongylus costaricensis (AC) in surgical specimens. However, microscopic evaluation is time consuming and often fails in identifying the parasite. We tested whether PCR might help in the diagnosis of AA by identifying parasite DNA in formalin-fixed ...
Parwani Rajkumar N RN Department of Oral and Maxillo-facial Pathology, Modern Dental College and Research Centre, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, - - 2014
Tissues of oral cavity, when invaded by the parasitic larvae of houseflies, the condition is called as oral myiasis. It is a rare disease that is most common in developing countries and is associated with conditions leading to persistent mouth opening along with poor oral hygiene, suppurative lesions, severe halitosis ...
Katsurada Yuka Y Department of Basic Pathology, National Defense Medical Collage; Department of Pathology and Clinical Laboratories, National Cancer Center - - 2013
Lobular neoplasias (LNs) are typically small, clinically undetectable breast lesions, but some LNs are of clinical significance. The aim of this study was to clarify the histopathological characteristics of clinically overt (symptomatic) LNs and early invading LNs. Sixty-two surgically resected LNs including 8 with early invasion (≤10 mm) were classified ...
Yang Rongchang R School of Veterinary and Life Sciences, Murdoch University, Murdoch, Western Australia, - - 2013
A novel quantitative PCR (qPCR) for Giardia at the glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh) locus was developed and validated. The qPCR was used to screen a total of 3,412 lamb faecal samples collected from approximately 1,189 lambs at three sampling periods (weaning, post-weaning and pre-slaughter) from eight farms across South Australia (SA), ...
Paliga Aleksandra - - 2013
Introduction: We investigated the occurrence of differentiated oral intraepithelial neoplasia (DOIN) that met the criteria for differentiated intravulvar neoplasia, associated with invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the anterior oral cavity, and its clinicopathologic significance. Materials and Methods: Sixty-nine consecutive cases of SCC of the anterior oral cavity were categorized ...
Handa Uma - - 2013
Filariasis has a worldwide distribution, with a special predilection for tropical and subtropical areas. The microfilaria wanders in lymphatics and can be accidentally trapped in the needle during fine-needle aspiration cytology, thus leading to its incidental detection. This is a retrospective study of 24 cases of microfilarial infestation diagnosed on ...
Sulemana Alimatu - - 2013
Abstract Giardia trophozoites differentiate into infectious cysts (encystment) in response to physiological stimuli; encystment is crucial for Giardia's transmission, survival and pathogenesis. In vitro, Giardia encysts when bile sequesters lipids necessary for this lipid auxotroph, and in vivo they encyst to infect new hosts. In this study, we investigated, for ...
Bozkurt Hasan - - 2013
A cardiac hydatid cyst is a rare complication of the Echinococcus infection, and it is seen in just 0.5% to 2% of all cases. Because it can cause sudden death, removing the cyst is recommended. It is important to determinate the relationship between the cyst and the intra/extracardiac structures before ...
Tomita Tadakimi T Department of Pathology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, New York, United States of - - 2013
Toxoplasma gondii infects up to one third of the world's population. A key to the success of T. gondii as a parasite is its ability to persist for the life of its host as bradyzoites within tissue cysts. The glycosylated cyst wall is the key structural feature that facilitates persistence ...
Oksuz S S Ataturk University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Erzurum, - - 2013
Hydatid cyst is a parasitic infestation that is distributed world-wide. It may be found in nearly any part of the body, most often in the liver and the lungs, but occasionally in other structures such as the thyroid gland. Thyroid gland is very rarely involved by this parasitic infection even ...
Morsy Tosson A - - 2013
Different types of association between leishmaniasis and cancer were established: leishmaniasis mimicking a malignant disorder, such as lymphoma; leishmaniasis arising as a difficult to diagnose and treat infection among patients receiving chemotherapy for various malignant disorders; simultaneous diagnosis of leishmaniasis and a neoplastic disorder in the same tissue samples of ...
Tuncer Esref E Department of Cardiology, Central Hospital, Izmir, - - 2013
Hydatid disease is a parasitic infection caused by larvae of Echinococcus granulosus. Cardiac involvement in hydatid disease is uncommon, constituting only 0.5 - 2% of all cases of hydatidosis. Most patients with cardiac echinococcosis are asymptomatic, and the disease is often latent because a hydatid cyst in the heart grows ...
Giudice Elisabetta - - 2013
Subcutaneous dirofilariosis is a zoonosis parasitizing the dog, transmitted by Culicidae mosquitoes. An increasing number of new cases have been reported both in dogs and in humans all over the world. The aim of this work was to describe an uncommon case of recurrent multiple subcutaneous nodules by Dirofilaria repens ...
Evans Andrew K - - 2013
Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is one of the world's most successful brain parasites. T. gondii engages in parasite manipulation of host behavior and infection has been epidemiologically linked to numerous psychiatric disorders. Mechanisms by which T. gondii alters host behavior are not well understood, but neuroanatomical cyst presence and the ...
El-Morsey Ahmed - - 2013
Sarcocystis species are among the most common and widespread protozoan parasites of mammals and birds. The current study provides the first record of infection with Sarcocystis species in the common moorhens from Brolos Lake, KafrElsheikh province, Egypt. Morphology of the parasite cysts was described using light and transmission electron microscopy. ...
Neumayerová Helena H Department of Pathology and Parasitology, University of Veterinary and Pharmaceutical Sciences Brno, Palackého tř. 1/3, 612 42 Brno, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ingestion of raw or undercooked meat is a potential source of human toxoplasmosis. The aim of this study was to determine the viability of Toxoplasma gondii cysts in vacuum packed (VP) goat meat and in dry fermented sausages (DFS), and evaluate certain physical and chemical parameters, like water activity (aw), ...
Robertson Lucy J - - 2013
Vital dye staining has long been used to assess viability of Cryptosporidium oocysts and Giardia cysts, with staining and enumeration in suspension. Some recent studies, however, have dried samples to microscope slides prior to staining. Here we demonstrate that this approach may considerably underestimate parasite viability in the original sample.
Brasil Patrícia - - 2013
A case of autochthonous Plasmodium vivax malaria with sub-microscopic parasitaemia and polyclonal B-cell activation (PBA) (as reflected by positive IgM and IgG serology for toxoplasmosis, cytomegalovirus, and antinuclear and rheumatoid factors) was diagnosed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) after consecutive negative rapid diagnostic test results and blood films. The patient, ...
Graillon T - - 2013
Adult arachnoid cysts are known to be stable and asymptomatic but their history remains undefined. The authors report the case of an 81-year-old woman with progressive hemiplegia and aphasia. CT scan revealed a voluminous left frontotemporal arachnoid cyst with a major mass effect on the midline and contralateral blocked hydrocephalus. ...
Nunes Luiz Fernando LF National Cancer Institute, Soft Tissue and Skin Cancer Department, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2013
Malignant degeneration of pilonidal cysts is rare. The most common histologic type is the squamous cell carcinoma, triggered by the chronic inflammatory process. The growth of the lesion is typically slow. The diagnosis must be early and the appropriate treatment is ample surgical resection, including the presacral fascia. In some ...
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