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Tian Yongjing Y aDepartment of Dermatology, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, Peking bShenzhen PKU-HKUST Medical Center, Biomedical Research Institute, Guangdong, - - 2014
Melanoma is a highly aggressive skin cancer with increasing incidence worldwide. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), a group of nonprotein-coding transcripts longer than 200 nucleotides, are pervasively transcribed in the genome and are emerging as new players in tumorigenesis. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the role of ...
Spritzer Charles E - - 2013
Purpose:To determine the rate at which computed tomographically guided pelvic percutaneous bone biopsy in men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) yields adequate tissue for genomic profiling and to identify issues likely to affect diagnostic yields.Materials and Methods:This study was institutional review board approved, and written informed consent was obtained. ...
Henry Jon C - - 2013
Prognostication for cystic neoplasms of the pancreas continues to evolve. Beyond simple size and cystic fluid CEA determination, microRNA (miRNA) detection holds great promise as molecular diagnostics for cancer risk. In this study, we sought to identify miRNAs that could predict malignant potential of pancreatic cystic lesions. RNA was harvested ...
Kolokythas Antonia - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Oral cancer in the form of squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is typically detected in advanced stages when treatment is complex and may not be curative. The need for surgical biopsy may contribute to delays in diagnosis and impede early detection. Multiple studies of RNA from surgically obtained tumor samples ...
Li Nicole Y K NY Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin 53705-2275, - - 2013
The use of molecular testing is becoming more significant for the diagnosis and classification of disease. The application of fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy as the means of sampling lesions in union with molecular testing could be a powerful combination in laryngology. The objectives of this study were to investigate 1) ...
Kozubek James - - 2013
The full repertoire of human microRNAs (miRNAs) that could distinguish common (benign) nevi from cutaneous (malignant) melanomas remains to be established. In an effort to gain further insight into the role of miRNAs in melanoma, we applied Illumina next-generation sequencing (NGS) platform to carry out an in-depth analysis of miRNA ...
Lee R - - 2012
R. Lee, D. J. Cousins, E. Ortiz-Zapater, R. Breen, E. McLean and G. Santis Gene expression profiling of endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS)-derived cytological fine needle aspirates from hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes in non-small cell lung cancer Objective:  Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) allows minimally invasive sampling of hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes ...
Kim Tae Hee - - 2012
The objectives of the study were to analyze the tumor shrinkage pattern on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy and to evaluate whether there is any difference in shrinkage pattern between pathological responder and nonresponder groups. In addition, we wanted to compare tumor diameter obtained from MRI with histological ...
Sedani Ashni - - 2012
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of non-coding RNA, which have recently been shown to have a wide variety of regulatory functions in relation to gene expression. Since their identification nearly 20 years ago, miRNAs have been found to play an important role in cancer, including in neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1)-associated ...
Sheff Kelly W KW 445 N. Fifth St. Phoenix, AZ - - 2012
MicroRNAs are a class of small, non-coding RNAs that can function as tumor suppressors or oncogenes by regulating gene expression. This link was first reported in 2004, and has since been tied to a variety of malignancies, including malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). MPM is a malignancy arising in the mesothelial ...
Waage J E R - - 2011
Real-time elastography visualizes tissue compliance using an ultrasound platform. Elastography has been used, particularly in the breast, to characterize indeterminate lesions on B-mode imaging as either benign or malignant. The primary aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of routine endorectal elastography to evaluate rectal neoplasia. The secondary ...
Park Fj - - 2011
Background  Studies of avian trichomoniasis in the literature are limited to some extent, often being confined to a single bird species or group of species within a bird Order. Some incidence studies have been reported for free-living birds, and occasionally for captive birds. Very few reports describe the prevalence and ...
Gál János - - 2010
A heterotopic in situ complex adenocarcinoma developing on the hindlimb is reported for the first time from an Asian Leaf Turtle (Cyclemys dentata). The tumour mechanically hampered the movement of the animal. The turtle refused to eat and consequently developed a poor condition. Histopathology of the tumour revealed all characteristics ...
Umredkar Alok - - 2010
Atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumours (AT/RT) are aggressive neoplasms of the central nervous system occurring mainly in the paediatric population. We reported a 32-year-old male patient who was admitted in emergency in unconscious state. The neoplasm was localised in the left frontal region and was totally excised. The histological and immunohistochemical report ...
Willems Stefan M - - 2010
Myxofibrosarcoma and myxoid liposarcomas are relatively common soft tissue tumours that are characterized by their so-called myxoid extracellular matrix and have to some extent overlap in histology. The exact composition and potential role of their myxoid extracellular matrix are insufficiently understood. To gain more insight into the biomolecular content of ...
Hansen Torsten - - 2010
Warthin tumour is the second most common benign tumour of the parotid gland. This study was designed to investigate the lymphatic vessels in Warthin tumours in an effort to understand better its pathogenesis. Tissue specimens of 31 patients (19 men and 11 women; mean age 57 years, median size of the ...
Wiksell H - - 2010
A side effect of diagnostic needle biopsies is the possibility to disseminate tumour cells into the needle track, which may cause concern in certain malignant tumour types. In order to prevent tumour cell dissemination we developed a technology that uses radiofrequency (RF) pulses to sterilise the needle track and denaturate ...
Dardenne Sabrina - - 2010
The progress of modern imaging studies has improved the diagnostic approach of benign liver tumours, leading to a tailored approach with increased conservative management. One hundred and thirty-two patients suffering from benign hepatic tumours were enrolled in this study, including an operative (group I, 49 patients) and a conservative (group ...
Van Den Top J G B - - 2010
Penile and preputial tumours are not uncommon in the horse, but can cause discomfort and lead to serious complications. Several types of tumour of the male external genitalia have been described. The most common type is the squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), which is found mainly in older horses. Reports of ...
Duarte Iola F - - 2010
This study aims to evaluate the potential of (1)H NMR spectroscopy, combined with multivariate statistics, for discriminating between tumour and non-involved (control) pulmonary parenchyma and for providing biochemical information on different histological types. Paired tissue samples from 24 primary lung tumours were directly analysed by high-resolution magic angle spinning (HRMAS) ...
Sato S - - 2011
S. Sato, Y. Sato, K. Marutsuka, H. Takeshima and Y. Asada Characteristics of tumour vessels in cytological squash smears of astrocytic tumours Objective:  Smear preparations are useful tools from which to diagnose brain tumours intraoperatively. Although vascular proliferation is histologically a key feature of high-grade astrocytoma, the characteristics of tumour ...
Niederle Martin B - - 2010
As incidence data on gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumours (GEP-NETs) have so far only been retrospectively obtained and based on inhomogeneous material, we conducted a prospective study in Austria collecting all newly diagnosed GEP-NETs during 1 year. Using the current WHO classification, the tumor, nodes, metastases (TNM) staging and Ki67 grading and ...
Makin Erica - - 2010
Liver tumours are rare in children and account for about 5% of all tumours in the fetus and newborn. The most frequently occurring are benign vascular tumours and mesenchymal hamartomas although malignancy in the form of hepatoblastoma is a possibility. While the diagnosis can be suspected antenatally (by ultrasound and ...
Han S L - - 2010
A 35-year-old Chinese man presented with dull pain in the right hypochondrial region for the previous 2 months. Laboratory examination revealed that his serum alpha-fetoprotein level was 1890 microg/L (reference range, 0-20 microg/L), and computed tomographic scan showed a hypodense lesion in the left liver lobe. At laparotomy, a dark ...
Gaillard Frank - - 2010
The pineal gland is important in structure, function and in the pathology that can affect it. The significance of the pathology of the gland and its adjacent structures is twofold: anatomical location, and biological behaviour of many of the lesions. The gland is in a critical anatomic location, and as ...
Friedrich Reinhard E - - 2010
This report describes the diagnosis and treatment of a metastasis of a gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST) to the oral cavity in a 64-year-old female, 14 years after treatment for a gastric primary and 11 years after partial hepatectomy for regional recurrence. The metastasis grew slowly in the buccal soft tissues ...
Silbert Jonathan E - - 2011
An 85-year-old male experienced a painless swelling along the left lateral orbit for one year. A computed tomography scan demonstrated a cystic mass in the orbit adjacent to the lacrimal gland. There was a concern for malignancy considering the large size and the patient's age, so the tumour was excised. ...
Zhou H - - 2011
Objectives:To explore the pathology, diagnosis, therapeutic strategies and prognosis of primary temporal inverted papilloma.Methods:We present one of the first reported cases of primary temporal inverted papilloma with premalignant change. The available data are reviewed.Results:To the best of our knowledge, only 10 evaluable cases of this tumour have been reported. The recurrence ...
Abdel Razek A - - 2011
This study was done to assess the role of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in assessing malignant versus benign skull lesions. A retrospective analysis was undertaken of 45 patients (26 male, 19 female; age range 14-68 years, mean age 39 years) with skull-base lesions. Diffusion-weighted MR images were acquired with ...
Coghlin Caroline - - 2010
Disseminated cancer accounts for most deaths due to malignancy. Despite this, research has focused predominantly on tumour development and progression at the primary site. Recently, attention has shifted towards the field of tumour metastasis. Several new and exciting concepts that have emerged in the past few years may shed light ...
Madrid Carlos - - 2010
The case of a 2-month-old healthy infant without relevant medical history. The patient was referred due to the aggravation of a swelling occupying the left half of the anterior maxilla. This lesion became visible approximately one month ago; it involved the buccal gingiva and alveolar bone, including the deciduous tooth ...
Parkes S E - - 2010
Malignant bone tumours in the paediatric age group (0-14 years) are uncommon; various aetiological theories exist and few reports of incidence, age and sex distributions have been published. We examined the incidence of childhood malignant bone tumours in one large single region of the UK over an extended period of ...
Sun G - - 2010
This study assessed the clinical and histological features and therapeutic efficacy of 25 cases of sublingual gland tumours from 1998 to 2008. There were 17 female patients and 8 male, the ratio of females to males was 2.1:1. The mean age was 48.6 years. 4 cases were benign tumours (16%). ...
Ezeome E R - - 2010
Mesenchymal tumours of the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) are uncommon. Recent progress in the understanding of the biology and origin of these tumours has led to their reclassification. A new subclass designated Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumours (GIST) is diagnosed based on the presence of a mutational over expression of c-kit protein that ...
McCluggage W Glenn - - 2010
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ovarian borderline tumours are relatively uncommon, but not rare, neoplasms. Pathologists and oncologists often struggle with various aspects of borderline tumours which are sometimes controversial and poorly understood. RECENT FINDINGS: In this review, I discuss pathological and clinical aspects of ovarian borderline tumours of the two most ...
Miwa Shinji - - 2010
Desmoplastic small round cell tumour (DSRCT) is a rare tumour, usually arising in the abdominal cavity. DSRCT remains an aggressive malignancy, with a poor prognosis despite multi-modality treatments. In the published literature, there has been no patient who lived for three years or more without surgical excision. This report describes ...
Sato Shuichi - - 2010
We present two cases of ciliated muconodular papillary tumour (CMPT) in this report. CMPT is a newly defined low-grade malignant tumour with ciliated columnar epithelial cells, occurring in the peripheral lung. Both patients underwent pulmonary resection due to an enlarged solitary pulmonary nodule. Pathological findings in both cases confirmed a ...
Ben Hassouna J - - 2010
Elastofibromas are rare benign soft tissue tumours that are usually located between the scapula and the rib cage deep in the serratus anterior muscle. Their anatomical location, distinctive clinical symptoms and radiological characteristics set them apart from malignant soft tissue tumours. Although they are rare, it is necessary to be ...
Lodder Wouter L - - 2011
To investigate tumour-thickness measurement with an intra-operative ultrasound (US) probe. A retrospective data analysis was undertaken for a total of 65 patients with a T1-2 oral cavity cancer, who were seen at a tertiary referral centre between 2004 and 2010. The correspondence between tumour thickness measured by ultrasonography and histopathology ...
U-King-Im Jean Marie - - 2010
The key determinant of long-term outcome in infratentorial ependymomas remains the extent of surgical resection. We describe a new radiological classification system which is validated against surgical findings and correlated with risk of post-operative residual tumour. Twenty-five consecutive patients (12 females, mean age 4.9 years, range 0.5-17 years) with infratentorial ...
Andersen Kim Francis - - 2011
Approximately 10% of the pheochromocytomas and 20% of the paragangliomas are malignant with poor survival. As the biological behaviour of these tumours cannot be predicted with certainty from pathology the diagnosis of malignancy is difficult. Genetic testing is gaining impact as mutations in the tumour suppressor gene Von Hippel-Lindau and ...
Queiroga Felisbina L - - 2011
This study was designed to investigate the possible roles of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in canine mammary cancer angiogenesis. Immunohistochemistry was performed on 70 tumours (28 benign and 42 malignant) in order to detect COX-2 and VEGF expression. Microvessel density (MVD) was determined by CD31 immunolabelling ...
Ng Joseph S Y - - 2010
The clinical management of Smooth Muscle Tumours of Uncertain Malignant Potential (STUMPs) remains controversial because little is known about the natural history of these tumours and pathological classifications do not correlate well with clinical outcomes and therefore cannot direct management. The objective of this study was to review a single ...
Tatiana K S Cypel - - 2010
Although benign and metastatic tumors occur in children, primary malignant skin tumors are uncommon in the pediatric population. In this study, the authors aimed to determine the incidence, risk factors, treatment, reconstruction details, and outcome of malignant skin tumors occurring in pediatric patients at the Hospital for Sick Children. The ...
Hoellen F - - 2010
Rhabdomyosarcoma is a common malignant soft-tissue tumour in children, accounting for 6-7% of all malignant tumours in childhood. Congenital neoplasms are very rare in childhood and represent 2.5% of all paediatric tumours; the intrauterine or congenital diagnosis of rhabdomyosarcomas is extremely seldom. The most frequent locations of rhabdomyosarcomas are the ...
Jamaludin A Z - - 2010
Tumour markers are widely used in clinical practice. Elevated tumour markers can be observed in both malignant and benign conditions. Therefore, it is important for clinicians to be aware of the association of tumour markers with various disorders so that unnecessary investigations can be avoided without missing the malignant disorders. ...
Montano Nicola - - 2010
Solitary Fibrous Tumour (SFT) is a rare tumour occurring mainly in the pleural cavity, with less than 100 cases reported in the Central Nervous System, where it typically presents as a meningeal-based lesion. We describe the case of a SFT located in the fourth ventricle and briefly review the pertinent ...
Hatzikirou H - - 2012
Uncontrolled proliferation and abnormal cell migration are two of the main characteristics of tumour growth. Of ultimate importance is the question what are the mechanisms that trigger the progression from benign neoplasms (uncontrolled/autonomous proliferation) to malignant invasive tumours (high migration). In the following, we challenge the currently prevailing view that ...
Chou Shaun - - 2010
Extraventricular neurocytoma (EVN) is an unusual variant of central neurocytoma located outside the ventricular system. Both tumours share a similar histology characterised by monotonous populations of round-to-oval cells with scanty cytoplasm separated by neuropil and branching capillaries. We report an EVN arising from the right frontal lobe near the olfactory ...
Kreutz J - - 2010
Germ cell tumours represent about 3 to 8% of pediatric brain tumours. Occurrence of diabetes insipidus is common in the case of suprasellar germ cell tumors. The diagnosis may be advanced by MRI owing to the location and relatively univocal characteristics of the lesion signal. The existence of a bifocal ...
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