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Dastoori Mahmoud - - 2012
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem disease of unknown cause. Sarcoidosis can affect all individuals with any race, sex, or age but commonly affects young- and middle-aged adults and usually presents with bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy, pulmonary infiltration, skin and ocular lesions. Other organs can also be affected. Diagnosis is established when clinical ...
Higashiura Yumi - - 2012
The association between endometriosis and malignant transformation has often been described in the medical literature. A search was conducted between 1966 and 2010 through the English language literature (online Medline PubMed database) using the keywords endometriosis combined with malignant transformation. The search revealed an increase in reports describing endometriosis and ...
Abida O - - 2012
Background  Reactive oxygen species play a key role in the development of many dermatological disorders. Objective  The purpose of this study is to examine the lipid peroxidation, protein oxidation and antioxidative profile in Tunisian pemphigus foliaceus (PF) patients. Methods  Malondialdehyde (MDA), conjugated dienes (CD), protein thiol levels, catalase (CAT) and ...
Rabadi Meheroz H - - 2012
The overall goal of this observational study was to determine the type and prevalence of colonoscopic lesions encountered in veterans with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) and to examine their relationship to lesion level, completeness, and duration postinjury. We retrospectively reviewed the electronic charts of veterans with SCI who are ...
Robb Richard M - - 2012
Conjunctival cysts unrelated to surgery or trauma are uncommon adnexal lesions in children and may be difficult to recognize. We report the clinical and pathological findings of an apparently spontaneous conjunctival cyst in the upper eyelid of a child whose first ophthalmological examination was at 7 months of age. The ...
Tessitore E - - 2012
Background The choice of the ideal hemostatic agent for intraoperative cerebral bleeding is under continuous debate. Our aim was to assess the influence of such materials on bleeding time in hemorrhagic cerebral contusions. We compared oxidized regenerated cellulose in fibrillar form (ORC) to microfibrillar collagen fleece (CF) in an experimental ...
Sato Junko - - 2012
The purpose of our publication is to widely communicate the pictures of spontaneous findings occurring in beagles. Spontaneous arteritis occurs commonly in beagles. Frequent sites of arteritis are the heart, spleen, pancreas, epididymis and spinal cord. Morphological similarities between spontaneous and drug-induced arterial lesions may cause confusion when evaluating vascular ...
Wang Yue - - 2012
ABSTRACT: Study Design. A cross-sectional autopsy study.Objective. This study investigated the prevalence of endplate lesions, classified them based on morphological features and determined their distribution patterns through direct measurements of cadaveric spines, as well as examining their associations with age.Summary of Background Data. Although endplate lesions may play a role ...
Vikey A K - - 2012
Malignant melanoma; since long time is considered as deadly disease, but risk factor is minimized due to new technologies, substantial literatures, and promising treatments. The diverse etiopathogenesis; including physical carcinogens, bio-molecules, biological behavior, anatomical locations, and negligence; contribute to complexity of disease. So even after advanced medical technology, malignant melanoma ...
Yeo Chang Dong - - 2012
A 75-year-old woman with no history of pulmonary disease was admitted to the hospital complaining of fever and chills. Chest computed tomography and bronchoscopy suggested a broncholith-like calcified endobronchial lesion and postobstructive pneumopathy in the left lower bronchus. The mass obstructing the airway was removed using grasping forceps and it ...
Lazaridou Elizabeth - - 2012
The painful, erythematous and eroded vulva often proves to be a diagnostic problem both clinically and histologically. Its differential diagnosis includes both non-neoplastic and neoplastic diseases like Bowen's disease and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). We report the case of a 62-year-old woman diagnosed, after considerable delay, with Bowen's disease of ...
Tsiouris Athanasios - - 2012
Gonadal vein thrombosis is a rare but well recognized entity which predominantly occurs in the post partum period. It is also associated with gynecological malignancies, cesarean deliveries, abortions, hypercoagulability and pelvic inflammatory disease. Prompt diagnosis and treatment is warranted to avoid serious complications. We report the rare case of idiopathic, ...
Abdullah Layla S - - 2012
To identify the different histopathological types of ovarian neoplasms and their age distribution. This is a retrospective study were ovarian neoplasms received by the Pathology Department of King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia between January 1995 and December 2010 were reviewed and their frequencies in different age groups were calculated. ...
Ramos Aida Antuña - - 2012
Rosai-Dorfman disease is a rare, benign, idiopathic histio-proliferative disorder. Only 5% of cases involve the central nervous system. We describe a 10-year-old girl with pain in her lower limbs and back. Spinal magnetic resonance imaging revealed an intradural extramedullary lesion at T(9)-T(10). We decided on surgical treatment. An anatomic/pathologic examination ...
Maestro Mario Alvarez - - 2012
Malignant melanoma originating in the urethra is considered extremely rare and has a very poor prognosis. Consequently, therapeutic reviews are retrospective describing assorted treatments. We report how to perform a radical urethrectomy with bladder preservation and a continent catheterizable stoma (Yang-Monti technique) Radical urethrectomy with bladder preservation and a continent ...
Kut Arif - - 2011
Hydatid disease is still an important public health problem throughout the world. Diagnosis of the disease is generally based on clinical and radiological findings. Evaluation of pulmonary disorders by flexible bronchoscopy (FOB) is a rapidly developing facility, but diagnostic and therapeutic FOB for pulmonary hydatid cysts is still controversial. This ...
Kilic E - - 2011
Langerhans' cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disease where different organs and systems may be affected. Oral involvement generally consists of mucosal ulceration associated with lesions of the underlying bone. Many reports exist about the misdiagnosis of this disease. Various symptoms may lead the clinician to an incorrect diagnosis, especially ...
Goel Pravin K - - 2011
Diagnosis of early-phase Takayasu's arteritis (TA) is extremely difficult and overlooked as most often presentation is nonspecific and mimics various other diseases. Early diagnosis and initiation of proper therapy could alter the natural course of the disease. We describe an adolescent male presenting with pyrexia of unknown origin and clinical ...
Hemama Mustapha - - 2011
Hydatid disease is a zoonosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus. It is a progressive disease with serious morbidity risks. Sacral hydatid disease is very uncommon, accounting for < 11% of spinal hydatidosis cases. The diagnosis of a sacral hydatid cyst is sometimes difficult because hydatidosis can simulate other cystic pathologies. The ...
Baş Burcu - - 2011
ABSTRACT: Langerhans cell histiocytosis is a collective term used to describe a group of enigmatic proliferative disorders. Three disease variants include eosinophilic granuloma, Letterer-Siwe disease, and Hand-Schuller-Christian syndrome. Eosinophilic granuloma is reported to be the most benign type of the triad. In this report, a 7-year-old child with an eosinophilic ...
Nielsen B H - - 2011
Digital dermatitis (DD) is a contagious disease of cattle affecting the skin of the claw. The disease presents with a range of severities and can be associated with lameness. Information about the disease dynamics of DD is scarce. Parity and lactation stage have been identified as risk factors for DD ...
Alimohamadi Shohre - - 2011
Hydatid disease, caused by Echinococcusgranulosus, is a common parasitic infection of the liver. Disseminated intra-abdominal hydatid disease may occur with the rupture of the hydatid cyst into the peritoneal cavity, producing secondary echinococcosis. But primary hydatid cyst in the pelvis is rare. We report a case of bilateral hydatid cyst ...
Callizo Miquel - - 2011
Lipoid proteinosis (LP) or Urbach-Wiethe disease is a recessively inherited disorder not usually seen by ophthalmologists. It is characterized by non-inflammatory, persistent papules on the skin and mucous membranes. The first clinical manifestation of LP is usually progressive hoarseness. The lid lesions, consisting of beaded papules along the lid margins ...
Colakoğlu Tamer - - 2011
Castleman's disease usually manifests as a solitary mediastinal tumor and only rarely as an isolated retroperitoneal mass. This disorder is often undiagnosed or misdiagnosed. Thus, only very few patients have been reported and little information is available in the literature. The definitive diagnosis is based on postoperative pathological findings. We ...
Lam Choi Vincent B - - 2011
Orbital infections and inflammations include a broad spectrum of orbital diseases that can be idiopathic, infectious, from primary or secondary inflammatory processes. Being able to properly diagnose and manage these orbital diseases in a timely manner can avoid permanent vision loss and possibly save a patient's life. When clinicians are ...
Attia Abdalla - - 2011
Generalized eruptive histiocytoma is a rare form of non Langerhan's cell histiocytosis. The disease occurs mainly in adults and its etiology is still unknown. We describe a case of 48-year-old female with multiple, firm, hemispherical, redish brown papules. Lesions were distributed on the face, upper limbs and trunk. Patient's general ...
Abe Hiroyuki - - 2011
IgG4-related sclerosing disease is a rare disease characterized by fibrosis and lymphoplasmacytic infiltration in various organs. Here, we report a rare case of IgG4-related fibrosis that presented as a unilateral ureteral mass in a 39-year-old man who presented with abdominal pain. Left hydronephrosis and a mass measuring 3× 1.1cm in ...
Jones Douglas W - - 2012
Adventitial cystic disease of the vein is a rare vascular anomaly with 32 reported cases. A 5-year-old boy initially presented with painless leg swelling. He was misdiagnosed with deep vein thrombosis and treated with 3 months of warfarin. When swelling failed to improve, a magnetic resonance venogram showed a mural ...
Grantham Jared J - - 2011
The weight of evidence gathered from studies in humans with hereditary polycystic kidney disease (PKD)1 and PKD2 disorders, as well as from experimental animal models, indicates that cysts are primarily responsible for the decline in glomerular filtration rate that occurs fairly late in the course of the disease. The processes ...
Golfier Francois - - 2011
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the contribution of referent pathologists (RPs) to the quality of diagnosis of trophoblastic diseases and to study the level of diagnostic agreement between the initial pathologists and the RPs. METHODS This observational retrospective study was carried between 1 November 1999 and 11 January 2011 using the database ...
Lee Eun Ju - - 2011
Both mesothelial cyst in the omentum and omental herniation through the esophageal hiatus without abdominal visceral involvement are rare. We report a case of omental mesothelial cyst herniated to the thorax through the esophageal hiatus.
Lee Sang-Soo - - 2011
Apraxia of eyelid opening is the inability to voluntarily open the eyes in the absence of motor dysfunction or blepharospasm. It has been described mostly in association with extrapyramidal diseases and only rarely in cortical lesions. We report a right-handed woman with a right subcortical lesion due to borderzone infarction ...
Kapoor Nimmi S - - 2012
Kimura disease is a rare inflammatory lesion of the head and neck region, usually seen in young Asian men. Patients usually present with a painless mass involving a major salivary gland with lymphadenopathy. Current studies suggest an immunologic mechanism for the pathogenesis of this disease entity. Histopathologically, this tumor is ...
Llamas-Velasco M - - 2011
In this article, we review some of the artifacts commonly observed in biopsies and the methods used to prevent their appearance. We describe the basic techniques for taking biopsies of melanocytic lesions, bullous diseases, and from special areas such as the scalp and nail region. We also provide a brief ...
Fukahori Suguru - - 2011
Thoracic lymphangiomatosis in childhood is a rare disorder that frequently has poor response to medical therapy as well as a poor prognosis. This disease is often misdiagnosed, and a definitive diagnosis is usually delayed because of the rarity and slow course of the disease. No previous reports have so far ...
Vallarelli Andrelou Fralete Ayres - - 2011
Rhinosporidiosis is an infectious mucocutaneous disease caused by Rhinosporidium seeberi. It is characterized by sessile or pedunculated polyps which are erythematous, moriform and friable and which mainly affect the ocular and nasal mucosa. The occurrence of skin lesions is occasional and due to dissemination from the adjacent mucosa, direct inoculation ...
Oishi Masaharu - - 2011
A pancreatic endometrial cyst is an extremely rare disease. Since 1984, only 7 cases have been reported, including the current case. A 35-year-old woman with a history of recurrent severe left upper abdominal pain of 3 months' duration was found to have a cyst in the pancreatic body on the ...
Xia Wen-wei - - 2011
The distinction of some particular forms of periapical area, involving diseases from regular periapical disease, is a matter of considerable importance when choosing a correct treatment. The aim of this study is to describe the differential diagnosis of periapical diseases from six rare cases in clinical practice. The six rare ...
Kalra Sanjay - - 2011
This compendium brings together traditional as well as contemporary scoring and grading systems used for the screening and diagnosis of various thyroid diseases, dysfunctions, and complications. The article discusses scores used to help diagnose hypo-and hyperthyroidism, to grade and manage goiter and ophthalmopathy, and to assess the risk of thyroid ...
Happé Hester - - 2011
Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) is an inherited systemic disease with intrarenal cystogenesis as its primary characteristic. A variety of mouse models provided information on the requirement of loss of balanced polycystin levels for initiation of cyst formation, the role of proliferation in cystogenesis and the signaling pathways involved ...
Suzuki Masanobu - - 2011
This case study describes a 58-year-old man with watery eyes, bilateral swelling of the ala nasi and submandibular glands, and a swollen right parotid gland. Computed tomography revealed mass-forming lesions in both nasolacrimal ducts, extending bilaterally to the lacrimal sac and inferior meatus in the nose. Pathologic investigation showed marked ...
Vullierme M P - - 2011
IPMN is a frequent disease involving pancreatic duct. This disease could be malignant (parenchymal invasive adenocarcinoma), particularly if the main pancreatic duct is involved (this involvement is considered present if>6mm), if this enlargement reaches 10mm or more, and if the pathological phenotype is biliopancreatic or intestinal (malignancy is less frequent ...
Duhon Bradley S - - 2012
Sarcoidosis can involve the central nervous system in approximately 5-15% of cases. Any part of the nervous system can be involved, so presentation can be quite varied. Isolated disease of the spinal cord is even less common and reports are limited to single cases and small series. Although in the ...
Dave Bharat R - - 2011
This study reviews the presentation, etiology, imaging characteristics and reasons for missed diagnosis of Andersson lesion (AL) and analyzes the surgical results of short segment fixation in the thoracolumbar region. This is a retrospective single center study. Fourteen patients (15 lesions) who were operated for AL were analyzed. The study ...
Maiti Tanmoy K - - 2011
Sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy or Rosai-Dorfman disease is a rare, but well documented entity. We report a lady who presented with progressive quadriparesis, with cervical extradural lesion on magnetic resonance imaging. She underwent decompression of the lesion and histological diagnosis of the lesion was Rosai-Dorfman disease. On one-year follow-up, ...
Portero Alejandro - - 2011
To report a case of frosted branch angiitis (FBA) secondary to neuro-Behçet. Description, diagnosis, angiogram imaging and follow-up of a 28-year-old female with FBA. 'Frosted branch angiitis' is a clinical term applied to three conditions: infiltration of vessels by malignant cells, and sheathing of vessels either secondary to an active ...
Amstalden-Mendes Lívia G - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To determine the time of diagnosis of typical orofacial clefts in different Brazilian regions and its influence on age at surgical correction. METHOD: This was a prospective, descriptive, cross-sectional study conducted in medical centers in the Southeast, South, and Northeast of Brazil. Trained speech therapists and geneticists interviewed the ...
Czerkiewicz Isabelle - - 2011
Prenatal diagnosis of esophageal atresia (EA) may improve the outcome of affected neonates by allowing optimization of both prenatal and postnatal care. Prenatal sonographic detection is based on polyhydramnios and/or nonvisualization of the fetal stomach bubble, two signs with a large number of etiologies. We evaluated a biochemical approach to ...
Eliasdottir Olöf Jona - - 2011
Background: We conducted a study to determine the incidence of multiple sclerosis (MS) among the whole Icelandic population during a 6-year period (2002-2007). Methods: We included all Icelandic residents diagnosed with MS during the study period. Cases were identified from records of the only neurology department in Iceland, plus the ...
Mueller Herrmann - - 2011
Background: Hypothalamic obesity has major impact on prognosis and quality of life (QoL) in childhood craniopharyngioma. Patients and methods: 120 patients were recruited prospectively during 2001 and 2007 and evaluated after 3 years of follow-up (KRANIOPHARYNGEOM 2000). Body mass index (BMI) and QoL at diagnosis and 36 months after diagnosis ...
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