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Lotti Francesco F Sexual Medicine and Andrology Unit, Department of Experimental and Clinical Biomedical Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, - - 2014
Infertility affects ∼7% of all men. Despite much progress, mainly in genetics, its etiology remains obscure in ∼50% of cases. To fill this gap, imaging of the male genital tract (MGT) has progressively expanded, providing useful information in the assessment of MGT abnormalities. A critical, systematic review of the available ...
Ramarokoto Charles Emile CE Department of Epidemiology, Institut Pasteur de Madagascar, Antananarivo, - - 2014
Genital granulomas induced by Schistosoma haematobium eggs can manifest as different lesion types visible by colposcopy; rubbery papules (RP), homogenous sandy patches (HSP) and grainy sandy patches (GSP). Pronounced tissue eosinophilia is a candidate marker for active S. haematobium pathology, as viable schistosome egg granulomas often are eosinophil rich. Here ...
Tomao Federica F Department of Gynaecological and Obstetrical Sciences and Urological Sciences, University of Rome "Sapienza", Viale Regina Elena 324, Rome, 00161, Italy, - - 2014
The relationship between fertility, reproductive hormones, and risk of malignant melanoma has acquired much interest in recent years. Melanocytes are hormonally responsive cells, and some in vitro studies demonstrated that estrogen hormones stimulate the growth of melanocytes. Moreover, estrogen receptors have been identified in melanoma cells, as well as in ...
Stensby J D JD Department of Radiology, University of Virginia, PO Box 800170, Charlottesville, VA, 22908, - - 2014
Fibrous hamartoma of infancy is a rare fibrous tumor of the subcutaneous tissue in infants. While most case reports focus on the unique histologic appearance, which has traditionally been relied upon for diagnosis, there are few reports in the radiology literature of its appearance at MR imaging. In this report, ...
Vlahovic A A Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Mother and Child Health Institute of Serbia "Dr Vukan Cupic" Belgrade, - - 2014
Gartner duct cysts represent vestigial remnants of the caudal end of the mesonephric (Wolffian) ducts. They are often associated with ureteral and renal abnormalities. In most cases they are solitary, less than 2 cm in diameter. Giant Gartner duct cysts are extremely rare. We present a girl with a giant ...
Yang Dal Mo DM Department of Radiology, Kyung Hee University Hospital at Gangdong, 149 Sangil-Dong, Gangdong-Gu, Seoul 134-090, Korea. E-mail; - - 2014
The purpose of this series was to describe the sonographic findings of tuberculous vasitis. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 3 cases of tuberculous vasitis. The following grayscale and color Doppler sonographic features were analyzed: location, echogenicity of the lesion, epididymal or testicular involvement, presence of hydrocele, and blood flow ...
Xu Shuwa S Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, United States of - - 2014
Mature Drosophila sperm are highly polarized cells-on one side is a nearly 2 mm long flagellar tail that comprises most of the cell, while on the other is the sperm head, which carries the gamete's genetic information. The polarization of the sperm cells commences after meiosis is complete and the ...
Eghbali Maryam M Department of Medical Genetics, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Poursina Ave, 16 Azar St. Keshavarz BLVD, Tehran, Iran, - - 2014
Non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) is one the many causes of male infertility (10 %) resulting from testicular failure. Multiple testicular biopsies fail to find mature sperm in at least 50 % of cases Therefore; hunting for sensitive and specific biomarkers of spermatogenesis that could better determine the fertility status in NOA can lead ...
Alexander Melissa M New York University, Langone Medical Center, 550 1 Avenue, New York, - - 2014
Medallion-like dermal dendrocytoma is a benign cutaneous neoplasm that mimics dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans histologically. The distinction between these two entities is critical to prevent unnecessary wide excisions. Herein we describe an acquired MLDD in a 55-year-old female.
Varma Pushpa - - 2014
Fibrous histiocytomas (FHs) are mesenchymal tumors that may be benign or malignant. Ocular involvement by FHs is infrequent and primarily limited to the orbit. Rarely, FHs can also involve the conjunctiva and perilimbal area. We report the case of a 38-year-old male with lid, conjunctival, and neck FHs. The diagnosis ...
Moosa-Ali S S Department of Clinical Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the testicular lesions and their effects on the epididymal sperm parameters in the Iranian river buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Total numbers of 117 scrota from the pubertal buffalo were provided from the local slaughterhouse. The samples were evaluated for morphological parameters and any ...
Salem Usama U Department of Diagnostic Radiology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, - - 2014
Various hematopoietic neoplasms can involve the female genital system. The most common hematological malignancy that involves the female genital system is lymphoma and secondary involvement is more common than primary genital lymphoma. Rarely, leukemic infiltration and extramedullary plasmacytomas of the female genital tract may also occur. Being infrequent, these lesions ...
Legendre Guillaume G Service de Gynécologie-Obstétrique, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire d'Angers, Angers, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
The relationship between ovarian cysts and infertility is a subject of debate, mainly because it is difficult to determine the real impact of the cyst and its treatment on later fertility. For a long time it was hoped that surgical treatment could prevent potential complications (such as rupture or malignancy). ...
Urkmez A A Fatih Sultan Mehmet Research and Training Hospital, Department of Urology; Department of Pathology, Istanbul, - - 2014
The article discusses the problem of epidermoid cysts - extremely rare but the most common benign intratesticular tumors. The majority of non-palpable testicular lesions, discovered by ultrasonography in a population of infertile men, are benign tumors. The case of a young man who had incidentally diagnosed, during his infertility evaluation, ...
Manganiello Marc M Lahey Clinic Medical Center, Burlington, Massachusetts, - - 2014
A 67-year-old male patient presented with right scrotal swelling and underwent a right hydrocelectomy. A 1 cm paratesticular lesion was found within the hydrocele sac after entering the tunica vaginalis. Local excision grossly removed this in its entirety. Pathology returned as well differentiated papillary mesothelioma of the tunica vaginalis. Pathologic ...
Eren Mine Sencan MS Dokuz Eylül University School of Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine, ─░zmir, - - 2014
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a pediatric malignancy associated with remissions and relapses. Common relapsing sitesare meninges, testis and ovary. Testicular scintigraphy is a highly specific modality used mainly in the differential diagnosis of testicular torsion and epidydimitis/epidydimo-orchitis. There is only one interesting image on leukemic infiltration with scrotal scintigraphy ...
Jacquin Agnès A Centre Mémoire de Ressources et de Recherches, Centre National de référence, Université de Lille-Nord de France, Maladie d'Alzheimer du sujet jeune, Labex DISTALZ, CHU, 59000, Lille, France, - - 2014
Sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (sCJD) generally manifests itself by cognitive or rapidly progressive motor symptoms. An atypical onset or an unusual evolution may delay the diagnosis. Among patients with a confirmed diagnosis of sCJD following a post-mortem neuropathological examination at the Neuropathology Centre of Lille, France, those who had presented with ...
Pilny Anthony - - 2014
Ovarian cysts are nonfunctional, fluid-filled cysts that develop spontaneously near the ovaries throughout the female guinea pig's reproductive cycle, reducing fertility in females older than 15 months and causing potentially serious uterine disorders. Permanent treatment requires ovariohysterectomy or ovariectomy. This article reviews the clinical signs, diagnosis, histopathology, treatment (including hormonal ...
Bhat Suresh S Department of Genitourinary Surgery, Government Medical College, Kottayam, Kerala, - - 2014
We present a case of 52 year old man who presented with bilateral painless testicular swelling. On evaluation with high resolution ultrasonography of the scrotum, typical "striated pattern" which is highly suggestive of Non Hodgkins lymphoma of the testis was seen. The patient underwent bilateral inguinal orchidectomy and the histopathological ...
Seetharam Venkatesh V Department of Urology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal University, Manipal, Karnataka, - - 2014
Cryptorchidism or undescended testis is a very common anomaly of the male genitourinary system. It is one of the established risk factors for testicular tumour. The commonest malignancy noted in cryptorchidism is seminoma testis. The presence of bilateral abdominal synchronous testicular tumour in cryptorchidism is very rare.
Patel Ramnik V RV Paediatric Urology, University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, - - 2014
We present a case of a painless progressively increasing mass in the left upper testis in a 5-year-old boy, which was detected by his father performing testicular examination after observing asymmetry of the scrotum. Clinical examination, tumour markers, ultrasound scan including colour Doppler studies, and finally inguinal exploration and histopathology ...
Mahdavi-Zafarghandi Reza R Department of Urology, Imam Reza Hospital, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, - - 2014
We present 3 patients with testicular epidermoid cysts who experienced testis-sparing surgery. These patients had a palpable painless testicular mass and underwent inguinal testicular exploration. Intraoperative frozen section revealed no evidence of malignancy and therefore enucleation of the tumour was performed. We demonstrate that careful intraoperative frozen-section examination helps to ...
Ling Helen - - 2014
We report the case of a 75-year-old ex-professional boxer who developed diplopia and eye movement abnormalities in his 60's followed by memory impairment, low mood and recurrent falls. Examination shortly before death revealed hypomimia, dysarthria, vertical supranuclear gaze palsy and impaired postural reflexes. Pathological examination demonstrated 4-repeat tau neuronal and ...
Lin Diwei D http://orcid.org/0000-0003-4515-4145 Division of Surgery, Lyell McEwin Hospital, Elizabeth Vale, South Australia, - - 2014
We present the first reported case of a concomitant Leydig cell tumour (LCT) and paratesticular leiomyoma in an adult man with a history of bilateral cryptorchidism. An 80-year-old man presented with a 2-month history of a left testicular lump associated with mild discomfort and a gradual increase in size on ...
Sharma S S University of Malaya, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pathology, Jalan Universiti, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, - - 2013
Testicular microlithiasis (TM) is a rare benign condition with presence of multiple small microcalcifications in the seminiferous tubules. Though the aetiology is unknown, TM has been described in association with a variety of urological conditions. We report the clinico-pathological features of a 12-year-old male child who underwent orchidectomy for undescended ...
Hänse Maria - - 2013
Knowledge of the reproductive cycle of male parrots is important for examining the male genital tract and for successful breeding, especially of endangered species. To evaluate different diagnostic methods and criteria concerning the classification of reproductive stages, we examined 20 testicular samples obtained at necropsy in psittacine birds of different ...
Valsero M E - - 2013
To report one case of advanced fibrous pseudotumour. A 34-year-old patient presented with a painless lump on the right side of the scrotum. Examination revealed a hard tissue thickening attached to the tail and body of the right epididymis. The results of the ultrasound study were not clear and multiple ...
Garg M K MK Department of Endocrinology, Army Hospital (Research and Referral), Delhi, - - 2013
Malignant changes in polyostotic fibrous dysplasia are very rare. Most common malignancies reported are osteosarcoma and fibrosarcoma, chondrosarcoma and malignant fibrous histiocytoma. Here, we report a previously diagnosed case of fibrous dysplasia who has developed leiomyosarcoma; diagnosis of which was delayed for about one year despite repeated fine needle aspiration ...
Epifanio Matias - - 2013
To describe the different ultrasound (US) findings of mature testicular hamartomas in children. This is a retrospective study from January 2000 to July 2012 that reviewed the clinical, laboratory, and US findings of 7 children with a pathologic diagnosis of mature teratoma of the testis. All patients in the study ...
Lodewick Evelyne - - 2013
Cellular fibrous histiocytoma was first described in 1994 as a distinct variant of fibrous histiocytoma. Since then, at least 21 cases of cellular fibrous histiocytomas metastasizing to regional lymph nodes and/or lungs have been described, though not all fatal. We report the case of a 68-year-old male patient who presented ...
Hessel M - - 2013
Can we diagnose intratubular germ cell neoplasia (IGCN) using the immunohistochemical markers placental-like alkaline phosphatase (PLAP) and OCT3/4 using a novel cell-processing method 'AgarCytos', applied to the remnants of testicular sperm extraction (TESE) specimens and what is the prevalence of a testicular germ cell (pre)malignancy in men with a non-obstructive ...
Shebel Haytham M - - 2013
Cysts of the lower male genitourinary tract are uncommon and usually benign. These cysts have different anatomic origins and may be associated with a variety of genitourinary abnormalities and symptoms. Various complications may be associated with these cysts, such as urinary tract infection, pain, postvoiding incontinence, recurrent epididymitis, prostatitis, and ...
Salehpour Saghar S Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Infertility and Reproductive Health Research Center , Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2013
We present super infection of an ovarian dermoid cyst with actinomyces in an infertile patient. This is a case-report study for evaluation a couple with male factor infertility, who was a good candidate for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), while a 10 cm dermoid cyst was found in the woman's right ...
Hsieh Po-Chuan - - 2013
Study Design: Case report.Objective: To report a case of lumbar intraneural hemorrhagic cyst after anticoagulation therapy that caused progressive radiculopathy and cauda equina syndrome. The possible pathogenic mechanism, associated diseases, and treatment options are discussed.Summary of Background Data: Various pathologic processes can cause progressive cauda equina syndrome. However, there have ...
Lee Byung Woo - - 2013
Primary adenocarcinoma of the rete testis is a rare malignant testicular tumor with a poor prognosis. Here we report the case of a 54-year-old man with right hydronephrosis that was detected before the diagnosis of the primary testicular lesion. During the evaluation of the right hydronephrosis by use of abdominopelvic ...
Black Rachel - - 2013
The exact diagnostic role of temporal artery ultrasound (TAU) remains unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity of a positive halo sign in patients undergoing TAU in a clinical setting, and to perform a review of existing evidence. Patients who had undergone TAU at ...
Griffith Brent - - 2013
Fluid-fluid levels are a known feature of a number of osseous lesions, but have never before been described in primary osseous angiosarcoma, which is itself a rare malignancy. We report a case of humeral angiosarcoma presenting with fluid-fluid levels. Recognizing this entity as a possible etiology for fluid-fluid levels could ...
Okereke Ikenna C - - 2013
Solitary fibrous tumours most commonly present in the pleura, but have been reported in other extrapleural sites. We present a case of an elderly female who was found to have a malignant solitary fibrous tumour of the right upper lobe bronchus, treated with thoracoscopic lobectomy and bronchoplastic closure.
Prokopienko Marek - - 2013
We report the case of a 36-year-old woman with a Sylvian fissure arachnoid cyst, which diminished after head trauma and minor hemorrhage into the cyst. We discuss the relationship between the cyst volume reduction and the head trauma to determine the main mechanism of this self-healing process.
Kao Chia-Sui - - 2013
Tubular adenomas in the urinary tract with the same appearance as those in the gastrointestinal tract have not yet been described in the literature. We herein report 4 cases of tubular adenomas in the urinary tract encountered within our consult practice. This lesion was defined by the presence of a ...
Koh S Z - - 2013
Solitary fibrous tumours are infrequent neoplasms based in the pleura that are predominantly benign with malignant pathology and behaviour described in 10-36% of cases. Extrathoracic solitary fibrous tumours (ESFTs) have been considered separately to their intrathoracic counterparts and comprise a third of all solitary fibrous tumours. The extrathoracic location was ...
Dias Glenda - - 2013
In the present study testicular and spermatogenetic aspects were described for Lagria villosa using light and scanning electron microscopy. In this species, spermiogenesis results in the formation of sperm bundles with spermatozoa arranged in an antiparallel manner, a characteristic observed only in Tenebrionidae. L. villosa, however, has about 60 follicles ...
Wiwanitkit Viroj - - 2013
Ovarian tumor is a cause of infertility in the fertile-aged women. Also, it can also turns into malignancy and causes deadly outcome. Screening for malignancy is an important management. The available screening methods that are widely used at present include CA-125 determination and the risk of malignancy index (RMX), which ...
Smit Janine G - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess the international agreement on the hysteroscopic diagnosis of septate uterus. DESIGN: Interobserver study. SETTING: Eight hysteroscopy recordings were put online on the website of the European Society of Gynaecological Endoscopy. PATIENT(S): Asymptomatic, infertile women indicated for a first in vitro fertilization (IVF)/intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment cycle. ...
Martino Giovanni - - 2013
The word "adenomatous hyperplasia of rete testis" (AHRT) was used by M. Nistal et Al. for the first time in an article about the cystic dysplasia of the testis (1976). AHRT is a benign lesion of the testis. The patient who came to our attention was studied with a testicular ...
Matsuo Koushun - - 2013
A 61-year-old man developed subacute progressive dementia, general fatigue, a tonic-clonic seizure, and a decreased level of consciousness. He had a past history of chronic hepatitis type C and was diagnosed as having hepatic encephalopathy due to hyperammonemia. His level of consciousness did not improve even though the serum ammonia ...
Sahnan Kapil - - 2013
A 19-year-old man presented with a right testicular swelling. Testicular ultrasound demonstrated areas suspicious for malignancy and so it was decided to proceed for a right radical inguinal orchiectomy. Initial histological examination revealed a multiloculated cystic lesion at the area of the rete testis yet normal testicular parenchyma elsewhere. Specialist ...
Makkar M - - 2013
Adenomatoid tumor is a benign neoplasm of the male and female genital tracts arising from mesothelial cells. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) plays a pivotal role in its preoperative diagnosis. Therefore, it is imperative that pathologists should be well aware of its cytological features so as to avoid erroneous diagnosis ...
Kisku Sundeep - - 2013
We report a 13-year-old girl with bilateral paratubal cysts and left isolated fallopian tube torsion (IFTT). Paratubal cysts are uncommon in children, and IFTT is a rare complication. Awareness of this entity and prompt surgical intervention could potentially salvage the fallopian tube preserving fertility.
Prorocic M - - 2013
The authors present a case of a 33-year-old infertile woman with coincidental dermoid cyst and ovarian endometriosis in the same ovary. She was admitted to the Clinic because of cystic tumor of the left adnexa. Transvaginal ultrasound (TVUS) examination found a bilocular tumor of complex structure on the left ovary. ...
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