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Seppi Dario D Multiple Sclerosis Centre of Padova, Department of Neurosciences, University of Padova, via Giustiniani 2, 35128 Padova, - - 2014
The cerebrospinal fluid levels of interleukin-1 beta and structural magnetic resonance parameters of cortical damage, i.e., cortical lesion number and volume, and global cortical thickness, were analysed in multiple sclerosis patients at clinical onset. Cerebrospinal fluid interleukin-1 beta levels strongly correlated with cortical lesion load and cortical thickness, while correlation ...
Chiorean Liliana L Department of Radiology and Computed Tomography, "Octavian Fodor" Institute of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Cluj-Napoca, - - 2014
Contrast-enhanced ultrasound is widely indicated in the study of splenic diseases, especially due to its good specificity in the differentiation of benign from malignant splenic lesions. The purpose of this pictorial essay is to offer a review of the most common splenic pathologies, while illustrating them with sonographic images.
Nivy Ran R Koret School of Veterinary Medicine, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, P.O. Box 12, Rehovot 761001, - - 2014
Spirocerca lupi, the dog esophageal worm, typically induces formation of esophageal nodules, which may transform to sarcoma. Ante mortem discrimination between benign and malignant esophageal masses is challenging. Serum acute phase proteins (APPs) are utilized in diagnosis and prognosis of various canine diseases as markers of inflammation. This study characterized ...
Ritchie Simon A SA 59 MDSP/SG07D, 2200 Bergquist Dr, Ste 1, JBSA-Lackland, TX 78236, USA. - - 2014
Primary localized cutaneous nodular amyloidosis (PLCNA) is a rare disorder that manifests as the cutaneous formation of nodules composed of light-chain amyloid. Although the type of amyloid deposit is similar to primary systemic amyloidosis, there seems to be little, if any, crossover between the 2 diseases. Because reports of PLCNA ...
Dehghani Farideh F Department of Dermatology, Shahid Sadooghi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran. - - 2014
Amyloidosis cutis dyschromica (ACD) is a rare form of macular amyloidosis characterized by hypo and hyperpigmented macules. Here we described a 20 year old girl with diffuse hypo and hyperpigmentation since she was four years old. Five other members of her family are also involved. Biopsy of hyperpigmented lesions revealed ...
Sato Kastsumasa K Interventional Cardiology Unit, EMO-GVM Centro Cuore Columbus, Milan, - - 2014
This case report demonstrates a unique strategy requiring a 2.5 mm burr to treat in-stent restenosis of an originally underexpanded stent, implanted in a heavily calcified lesion within a giant aneurysm by Kawasaki disease. Despite our procedural success, it should be emphasized that stent implantation in undilatable lesions should be ...
Créteur Viviane V Erasme Hospital Radiology, Erasme Hospital, 808 Route de Lennik, 1070, Brussels, - - 2014
We describe a case of light chain deposition disease presenting as worsening of renal failure with a lytic femoral bone lesion discovered by sonography. Although sonography cannot be considered to be the test of choice in evaluating multiple myeloma, this technique may allow the detection and the biopsy of osteolytic ...
Tausend William W University of Texas Medical - - 2014
Primary amyloidosis is caused by a monoclonal proliferation of plasma cells and is capable of producing cutaneous lesions. A 56-year-old male was admitted to the hospital for evaluation of chronic back pain and acute lower extremity weakness. On examination, he was noted to have subungual verrucous plaques with overlying nail ...
Emmungil Hakan H Mersin State Hospital, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Nusratiye Hometown, Kuvayi Milliye Street No. 32, 33050, - - 2014
Temporal arteritis is most common vasculitis in elderly and imitated by miscellaneous disorders. Temporal artery biopsy is the gold standard test in the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA). Hereby, we describe a case of a 67-year-old man who presented initially with temporal arteritis; however, a lip biopsy then revealed ...
Mercan Ridvan R Division of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Gazi University, Ic Hastal─▒klari ABD, Romatoloji BD, Besevler, 06500 Ankara, - - 2014
Background. Systemic amyloidosis is a potentially fatal condition, unless diagnosed and treated before development of irreversible organ damage. Demonstration of amyloid deposits within tissue biopsies is only definitive diagnostic method, which makes appropriate selection of biopsy site essential. Herein, we evaluated efficacy of minimally invasive minor salivary gland biopsy (MSGB) ...
Son Seung-Myoung SM Department of Pathology, Chungbuk National University College of Medicine, Cheongju, - - 2014
A mediastinal mass was incidentally found on chest radiography in a 46-yr-old woman who had had myasthenia gravis (MG) for 2 months. Computed tomography revealed a 4-cm in size, well-defined, and lobulating mass with nodular calcification that was located in the thymus. Microscopically, the mass consisted of diffuse amorphous eosinophilic ...
Sánchez-Juan Pascual P From the Memory and Aging Center and Department of Neurology (P.S.-J., P.M.G., J.H., B.G., M.H., L.T.G., M.G.-T., W.W.S., A.L.B., H.J.R., J.H.K., B.L.M.,W.J.J., G.D.R.) and Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine (E.J.H.), University of California, San Francisco; University Hospital "Marqués de Valdecilla," IFIMAV and Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red sobre Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas (P.S.-J.), Santander, Spain; Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute (P.M.G., W.J.J., G.D.R.), University of California, Berkeley; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (P.M.G., J.P.O., M.J., W.J.J., G.D.R.), Berkeley, CA; Center for Neurodegenerative Research (J.Q.T.), University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia; and Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine (H.V.V.), University of California, Los - - 2014
To evaluate the effect of amyloid imaging on clinical decision making. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 140 cognitively impaired patients (mean age 65.0 years, 46% primary β-amyloid (Aβ) diagnosis, mean Mini-Mental State Examination 22.3) who underwent amyloid (Pittsburgh compound B [PiB]) PET as part of observational research studies and ...
Saggini A - - 2013
We report the unprecedented case of reactive eccrine syringofibroadenoma (ESFA) secondary to primary cutaneous amyloidosis. A 62-year-old woman of Asian ethnicity presented with a pruritic rash on the back of long-standing duration. Physical examination revealed diffuse hyperpigmentation localized to the interscapular region: there were a multitude of hyperpigmented macules merged ...
Castellani C C Department of Cardiac, Thoracic and Vascular Sciences, University of Padua, Padua, - - 2014
Plaque hemorrhage, inflammation and microvessel density are key determinants of plaque vulnerability in native coronary atherosclerosis (ATS). This study investigates the role of intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH) and its relation with inflammation and microvessels in cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) in posttransplanted patients. Seventy coronary plaques were obtained from 12 patients who ...
Babburi Suresh S Professor, Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathology, Drs. Sudha & Nageswara Rao Siddhartha Institute of Dental Sciences Chinaoutapally, Andhra Pradesh, India - - 2013
Amyloid involvement of the tongue is almost always secondary to systemic amyloidosis. Isolated amyloidosis of the tongue is relatively rare and it accounts for less than 9% of all types of amyloidosis. We are presenting a case of a 54-year-old male patient who complained of an enlarged tongue and bilateral ...
McMurrich William W The Foot and Ankle Service, Department of Trauma & Orthopaedic Surgery, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, 51 Little France Crescent, Edinburgh EH16 5SU, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2013
Background rheumatoid nodulosis is a rare disease characterised by multiple subcutaneous nodules, a high titre of rheumatoid factor, radiologically detectable cystic bone lesions, but with none or few of the systemic manifestations or joint activity of rheumatoid disease. Histopathologically, nodulosis is the same as the nodules found in rheumatoid arthritis. ...
Richards Gideon - - 2013
Sonoelastography is an emerging ultrasound-based technique that allows characterization of tissue stiffness. The aim of this report is to present a case of significant penile curvature with a non-palpable, non-sonographically visualized plaque that was demonstrable with sonoelastography. A 60-year-old male presented with significant left penile curvature during erections. The penis ...
Ness Molly J - - 2013
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) (previously called eosinophilic granuloma, Hand-Schüller-Christian syndrome, Letterer-Siwe disease, and Hashimoto-Pritzker disease) is a rare, heterogeneous disorder with highly variable presentation. LCH commonly affects the skin, as well as internal organs. Because the skin lesions appear benign, and LCH is unfamiliar to most physicians, diagnosis is often ...
Khalatbari Mahmoud Reza - - 2013
Myxopapillary ependymoma (MPE), a benign histological variant of ependymoma, is found most commonly in the cauda equina region. Primary intracranial MPE is very rare, and most cases are a metastatic deposit from a spinal lesion. Primary cerebral MPEs are usually well-defined solid or cystic lesions without hemorrhage. We report the ...
Sugimoto Katsutoshi K Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Tokyo Medical University, Tokyo, - - 2013
Great progress has been made in the diagnosis of focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) and hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) in the last few years due to the use of molecular criteria. This has allowed us to identify a new type of hepatic nodule. In this case report, we present a male patient ...
Tyndall Alan - - 2013
The new American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism classification criteria will enable earlier diagnosis and, therefore, the use of newer treatment modalities for systemic sclerosis (SSc). It is therefore critical to exclude non-SSc causes for diffuse skin thickening as early as possible. The recently described gadolinium-induced nephrogenic systemic fibrosis ...
Joung Kyong Hye - - 2013
Amyloid accumulation in the thyroid gland leading to a clinically detectable mass, known as amyloid goiter, is a rare condition associated with primary amyloidosis. Moreover, a localized primary amyloid goiter involving only the thyroid gland is rarer still. Here, we report a patient with a localized primary amyloid goiter that ...
Di Crescenzo Vincenzo - - 2013
Amyloidosis is a systemic disease characterized by the extracellular deposition of amyloid fibrils in different organs and tissues. The thyroid gland may be affected by diffuse or nodular amyloid deposits, along with multiple myeloma (MM) (Amyloid Light-Chain Amyloidosis, AL amyloidosis) or chronic inflammatory diseases (Amyloid A Amyloidosis, AA amyloidosis), but ...
Gould Milena - - 2013
Amyloidosis often involves the gastrointestinal tract. The small intestine is the most commonly involved gastrointestinal site. Gastrointestinal manifestations of amyloidosis involvement of the small intestine include diarrhea, gastrointestinal bleeding, and obstruction. High index of suspicion leading to early diagnosis is important in tailoring appropriate therapeutic management of these patients.
Chabra Indy - - 2013
Although the classic location of gouty tophi is the great toe (podagra), gouty tophi of the ear also is common and is worth including in the differential diagnosis in patients presenting with ear lesions. Other entities presenting as papules or nodules on the ear include chondrodermatitis nodularis helicis (CNH), actinic ...
Bardapure Mallikarjun M Department of Urology, Huddersfield Royal Infirmary, Lindley, Huddersfield, HD3 3EA, - - 2013
Amyloidosis is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by extracellular deposition of amorphous proteinaceous material in various tissues. Amyloidosis of bladder is of significant clinical interest to the urologist because of its presentation as urothelial cancer. Transurethral resection and histology examination is essential to exclude malignancy and to establish the ...
Mollee Peter - - 2013
Amyloidosis is a rare but devastating condition caused by deposition of misfolded proteins as aggregates in the extracellular tissues of the body, leading to impairment of organ function. High clinical suspicion is required to facilitate early diagnosis. Correct identification of the causal amyloid protein is absolutely crucial for clinical management ...
Bozzola Cristina - - 2013
Eyelids emphysema is a rare condition due to air trapping in subcutaneous tissue of the orbit. It has been clinically and radiologically documented, but histologic evaluation has not been noted. We report a case of a middle-aged woman with periorbital swelling due to self-induced Valsalva maneuver, persisting after decompressive therapy. ...
Ghanadan Alireza - - 2013
Nevoid hyperkeratosis of the nipple and/or areola (NHNA) is a rare and benign disease, with poorly understood etiology and no definite therapeutic plan. Hereby, we report another case of NHNA, discuss about its clinical and histopathological features, differential diagnosis, and responsiveness to topical steroid.
Deramecourt V - - 2013
Cerebrovascular disease is an important cause of cognitive decline and dementia. Despite numerous epidemiological, clinical, neuroimaging and neuropathological studies, the link between cerebrovascular lesions and their impact on cognition and behavior is still a matter of debate. Cerebrovascular lesions are heterogeneous and most descriptive studies distinguish vessel wall modifications, perivascular ...
Skardelly Marco - - 2013
This work aims to add evidence and provide an update on the classification and diagnosis of monoclonal immunoglobulin deposition disease (MIDD) and primary central nervous system low-grade lymphomas. MIDD is characterized by the deposition of light and heavy chain proteins. Depending on the spatial arrangement of the secreted proteins, light ...
Sunbul Murat - - 2013
Systemic amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis is caused by deposition of immunoglobulin light-chain proteins. AL amyloidosis is a rapidly progressive disease that affects multiple organs. Cardiac involvement is frequent (50%) and the median survival is 5 months following diagnosis. Although transthoracic echocardiography can show characteristics findings, further diagnostic modalities are required ...
Rongioletti F - - 2013
Pancreatic panniculitis (PP) is a rare variant of panniculitis characterized by subcutaneous fat necrosis, that affects 0.3-3% of patients across a range of different pancreatic disorders. It presents with painful, tender, erythematous to violaceous nodules that may undergo spontaneous ulceration and discharge of an oily brown, viscous material, resulting from ...
Morán Blanco L M - - 2013
Diffuse osteosclerotic lesions are a very uncommon radiologic presentation in multiple myeloma. These lesions affect the axial skeleton and proximal limbs; they may be accompanied by osteolytic lesions in the course of the disease. In fact, in cases of diffuse osteosclerosis, the diagnosis of multiple myeloma is reached only after ...
Aono Hiroyuki - - 2013
Localized amyloid deposits result in a mass, that is, so-called amyloidoma; it has been reported in every anatomic site, although systemic amyloid deposition is much more common. However, primary lumbar epidural amyloidoma without bony involvement is extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, only one case has been reported previously. ...
Costa Ricardo A - - 2013
To investigate vessel remodeling and plaque distribution in side branch (SB) of true coronary bifurcation lesions with SB disease extending from its ostium. A total of 62 patients with single de novo true bifurcation lesions with SB with severe and extensive disease were enrolled. Of that, 45 patients/lesions underwent pre-intervention ...
Kutlubay Zekayi - - 2013
: Rosai-Dorfman disease, also known as sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, is a benign proliferative disorder of histiocytes with an unknown etiology. It is a rare disease characterized by overproduction and accumulation of histiocytes within lymph node sinuses and many other extranodal sites, including skin, oral and nasal cavities, respiratory ...
Bansal Shuchi - - 2013
Paget's disease of the breast is an uncommon form of breast cancer presenting as an eczematous eruption over the nipple and/or areola. The diagnosis remains elusive with varied presentations, mimicking many benign skin diseases, the awareness of which is indispensable for diagnosis and minimizing morbidity. Most of the cases have ...
Ahmad Zafar - - 2013
Amyloidoma of soft tissues is rare, and no previously published reports describe it in relation to hip prostheses. This article presents the case of a 78-year-old woman with a medical history of myelodysplasia and mild renal failure who underwent a right-sided metal-on-polyethylene total hip arthroplasty in 2003. She presented to ...
Pathak Smita - - 2013
A 65-year-old male with a history of smoking since 30 years presented with breathlessness, hemoptysis, multiple swellings all over the body, and weakness in September 2010 at our hospital. Clinically, a diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with cutaneous lymphoma or soft tissue tumor was made. Chest X-ray (CXR) ...
Dandale Ameet L AL Department of Dermatology, Lokmanya Tilak Municipal General Hospital, Sion, Mumbai, Maharashtra, - - 2013
A 65-year-old man presented with multiple asymptomatic papulo-pustules and ulcers over glans penis since last 1 year. The lesions used to resolve spontaneously in a few days with scarring. The clinical features and histopathology were suggestive of papulonecrotic tuberculids of the glans penis.
Gressot Loyola V - - 2013
Juvenile xanthogranuloma (JXG) is a rare disease that is part of a spectrum of histiocytic dendritic cell disorders. The authors report an unusual case of a 6-week-old male who presented with seizures. Neuroimaging revealed disseminated intracranial disease involving the optic apparatus, basal ganglia, lateral ventricles, and brainstem. The patient did ...
Takahashi Tsubasa - - 2013
The effectiveness of pull-through for Hirschsprung's disease is dependent on accurate identification of normoganglionic bowel in intraoperative biopsy specimens. We report 2 cases of patchy innervation of pull-through bowel in children with Hirschsprung's disease only identified by circumferential biopsying. Case 1 was an 8-month-old boy. During laparoscopy-assisted transanal endorectal pull-through, ...
Harvey-Taylor Jessica - - 2013
Amyloidosis is a family of diseases characterized by the extracellular accumulation of amyloid protein, causing altered physiology based on its abnormal deposition in an organ. The etiology of persistent pleural effusions in patients with systemic amyloidosis is unknown. Endomyocardial biopsy is the gold standard of diagnosis for patients with cardiac ...
Nam Ki-Uk KU Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2013
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a disease reported to account for 1% of all cancers and 10% of hematological malignant diseases. Unlike other malignant diseases that are transferred to the osseous tissues, MM does not show new bone formation, is associated with characteristic osteolytic lesions, and shows monoclonal protein (M-protein) on ...
Hirano Kenji - - 2013
Sclerogenic biliary changes in hepatic amyloidosis are seldom observed. Here, we report two recent cases initially suspected as primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC), which were later diagnosed as hepatic amyloidosis (AL type). Case 1: On the basis of magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) findings, PSC was suspected in a 41-year-old woman with ...
Cai Wei - - 2013
Riedel's thyroiditis is a rare type of chronic thyroiditis, associated with fibroinflammatory process and invasion into surrounding tissues, leading to compressive symptoms. A 45-year-old man had a left thyroid mass, presenting with hypotension and bradycardia many times. He was diagnosed with vasovagal reflex caused by cervical vessel compression due to ...
Nobuoka Yuri - - 2013
We report two cases of thyroid mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma with associated amyloid protein deposition. While other primary thyroid neoplasms sush as medullary carcinoma and plasmacytoma with associated amyloid protein are known to occur and have been previously described by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), to our knowledge, the current ...
Chew K M - - 2013
A 49-year-old Chinese woman was referred to our hospital for management of multiple lung nodules, which were incidentally detected on routine chest radiography. Chest computed tomography (CT) confirmed the presence of multiple pulmonary nodules and lung cysts. The lung cysts were located apart from the pulmonary nodules. CT-guided biopsy of ...
Veeravarmal V V Division of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Rajah Muthaih Dental College and Hospital, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu, - - 2013
The central odontogenic fibroma (COF) is a rare benign odontogenic mesenchymal tumor of jaw bones. The World Health Organization (WHO) recognizes two variants of COF namely: 1) Epithelial-rich type (WHO) and 2) epithelial-poor type (simple type). Rare variants like ossifying COF, COF associated with giant cell lesions, and amyloid have ...
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