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Peregrine Andrew S AS Departments of Pathobiology (A.P.) and Clinical Studies (S.N., S.K.), Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada; and Tavistock Veterinarians, Tavistock, Ontario, Canada - - 2014
A 16 mo old cat presented with a 5 mo history of dyspnea, coughing, and gagging. Radiographic findings revealed seven nodules measuring 1-3 cm distributed multifocally in the lungs. Examination of feces revealed large numbers of eggs of Paragonimus kellicotti. Two fenbendazole treatment regimens (28 mg/kg per os q 12 ...
Carpio Arturo A School of Medicine, University of Cuenca, Cuenca, - - 2014
Neurocysticercosis (NC), or cerebral infection with Taenia solium, is an important public health problem worldwide. Among the neurological sequelae of NC, seizures have been described as the most common symptom. Acute symptomatic seizures often result from degeneration of a viable cyst; however, not all of these patients with acute or ...
Movva Vani C VC Perinatal Care Division, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and College of Medicine, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa, - - 2014
Twin anemia polycythemia sequence (TAPS) is a form of twin to twin transfusion syndrome that occurs very rarely and may not be diagnosed until after delivery. The condition leads to increased risk of perinatal morbidity and mortality. We present two cases of monochorionic diamniotic twins, in which the diagnosis of ...
Kumar Yashwant Y Department of Immunopathology, Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, - - 2013
Response to: Ameratunga R, Woon S-T, Gillis D et al. Challenges in diagnosis of CVID. Expert Rev. Clin. Immunol. 10(2), 000-000 (2014).
Lallas Aimilios - - 2013
The specific anatomy of the glabrous skin, characterized by marked orthokeratosis and the presence of furrows and ridges, results in peculiar dermoscopic patterns of acral melanocytic lesions. Most frequently, acral nevi are typified by a parallel furrow pattern and acral melanoma (AM) by a parallel ridge pattern (PRP). Although the ...
Buchbinder D - - 2013
Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) is a potentially fatal disorder characterized by defective T- and B-lymphocyte function. We describe a 34-week female twin who had developed feeding intolerance, perioral cyanosis, abdominal distension and neutropenia at 1 month of age. Despite several evaluations including an 'inconclusive' newborn screening result for SCID, the ...
Relhan Vineet - - 2013
Pityriasis rosea (PR) is an acute or subacute inflammatory skin disease characterized by erythematous papulosquamous eruptions localized on the trunk and arms. The eruptions are self-limiting and usually disappear gradually in 2-10 weeks, without any treatment. Typical PR is much easier to diagnose than the rare atypical forms. There is ...
Matsumoto K - - 2013
Synovial chondromatosis (SC) involving the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is very rare and can occur in either or both cavities. Differentiation of the affected cavity in SC is therefore as important as making the diagnosis. This report presents a case of SC in which both cavities were thought to be affected, ...
Fujita Koji - - 2013
MRI including diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) is useful for the diagnosis of prion disease, particularly Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). Hyperintensity lesions are predominant on DWI, and are often seen in the cerebral cortex ("cortical ribboning") or both in the cerebral cortex and striatum (anterior dominant). However, clinical ...
Garcia-Rodriguez Laura R - - 2012
In this report we discuss the etiology, common locations, diagnostic approach, and treatment of a dermoid cyst. A 22-year-old man arrived at the emergency department complaining of submental fullness, an increase in snoring, choking, gagging, and difficulty breathing. The patient was taken to the operating room for a complete resection ...
Tian Jinwei - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the role of intraplaque neovascularisation (NV) in culprit lesions and non-culprit lesions of unstable angina pectoris (UAP) and in lesions of stable angina pectoris (SAP) using optical coherence tomography (OCT). DESIGN: This study was a retrospective study. SETTING: The significance of NV for culprit ...
Kozuki Amane - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The iMAP™ is a novel intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-based technology to classify coronary plaque into 4 components. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of iMAP™ technology by comparing plaque characteristics in patients with and without acute coronary syndrome (ACS and non-ACS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total ...
Perito Emily R - - 2012
The aim of this study was to describe the presenting symptoms, endoscopic and histologic findings, and clinical courses of pediatric patients diagnosed with solitary rectal ulcer syndrome (SRUS). We describe 15 cases of SRUS diagnosed at our institution during a 13-year period. Cases were identified by review of a pathology ...
Tudorancea Ancuta - - 2012
Von Hippel-Lindau disease is an autosomal dominant disorder involving the development of specific tumours in multiple organs, both benign and malignant. In the CNS, the syndrome is characterized by haemangioblastomas of the retina, spinal cord and brain. We report the case of a 15-year-old boy with the diagnosis of aggressive ...
Jastrzebski André - - 2012
To elucidate the distinct histochemical and immunohistochemical profile of mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the conjunctiva (MECC) and to determine which combination of stains is most useful in diagnosing MECC and differentiating it from squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctiva (SCC) in cases where the clinical or cytological findings are not definitive. ...
De Catte Luc - - 2012
The low prevalence of fetal CNS anomalies results in a restricted level of exposure to, and limited experience for most obstetricians involved in, prenatal ultrasound. Sonographic guidelines for screening the fetal brain in a systematic way may increase the detection rate of fetal CNS anomalies, thus promoting correct referral to ...
Lambot-Juhan K - - 2012
Percutaneous sclerotherapy is an effective treatment for aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs). The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of sclerotherapy with absolute alcohol and to propose a vascular classification of ABCs based on a retrospective review. This was a review of children treated with absolute ...
Kinney Bradley John - - 2012
Pilomatrixoma is a rare benign neoplasm that presents as a solitary, hard, mobile, subcutaneous mass. Pilomatrixomas can be found on any hair-bearing region of the body, with the upper extremity being the second most common location. Pilomatrixomas are common in children, and have a higher frequency in girls. We present ...
Gupta Sudhir - - 2012
Although primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs) were first reported in India in the 1970s, those diagnoses were based predominantly on clinical presentations-very limited immunological analyses were performed. Therefore, the validity of many early reports of PIDs may be questionable. However, in the last 10-15 years, diagnoses of PIDs have been based ...
Battaglia Domenica - - 2012
The aim of this study was to provide information on the neuropsychological evolution of children with symptomatic epilepsy who have undergone surgical resection of posterior (occipitoparietal) lesions. Twelve children with epilepsy with parietal and/or occipital lesions were enrolled in the study and followed after surgical resection: full clinical and epileptic ...
Russell Ginny - - 2012
Many children who display autistic behaviours at clinical levels do not receive a formal diagnosis. This study used qualitative methods to examine parental influence in pursuing or avoiding a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The aim was to explore the function of ASD diagnosis for parents, and examine whether ...
Zeller Kristen A - - 2012
A 15-year-old girl presented with a 2-year history of an enlarging parietal scalp lesion. Excisional biopsy revealed trichoblastoma, a benign secondary tumor arising from a nevus sebaceous. There is no consensus in the literature about the surgical management of nevus sebaceous in children owing to the low incidence of secondary ...
Chan Michael H - - 2012
Oral mucosal lesions are commonly encountered in clinical practice. One study reported that they occurred in approximately 27.9% of patients aged 17 years and older and in 10.3% of children aged 2 to 17 years. The diagnosis and treatment of mucosal diseases should be an integral part of the general practitioner's ...
Elliott Robert S J - - 2012
Appendicular soft tissue tumours are rare and inappropriate investigation can result in unnecessary loss of limb or life. We reviewed the investigation and referrals of patients to our institution. This is a review of prospectively collected data stored in a tumour registry database. We included all patients (126) referred to ...
Tein Tay Ee - - 2012
ABSTRACT: The diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in patients presenting to the emergency department (ED) has traditionally been limited to examinations by radiologists and ultrasound technicians. Although contrast venography is considered the criterion standard for diagnosis of DVT, time, personnel, cost, exposure to radiation, and the invasive nature of ...
Smith Alice Boyd - - 2012
The purpose of this article is to review the neuroimaging findings of pediatric and adolescent intramedullary spinal tumors in children. The differential diagnosis for lesions in this location is limited and can be further narrowed with knowledge of specific imaging characteristics. This article reviews the radiologic findings and differential diagnosis ...
Darji Parth P Radiology Department, NHL MMC, Ahmedabad, India. - - 2012
Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis is an unusual inflammatory disease of the gallbladder characterised by severe proliferative fibrosis and the accumulation of lipid-laden macrophages in areas of destructive inflammation. Its macroscopic appearance may occasionally be confused with gallbladder carcinoma. The authors present a case of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis with type 3 choledochal cyst in ...
Thakar Sumit - - 2011
The pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma (PXA) is an infrequently occurring benign astrocytic tumor with a predilection for the temporal and parietal cortices of children and young adults. We describe its occurrence in an unusual location in a 15-year-old boy who presented with raised intracranial pressure of short duration. Imaging showed a 3 × 3.2 × 3.5 cm ...
Sehgal Virendra N - - 2011
Idiopathic Confetti-like leukoderma in a young Indian is illustrated, emphasizing its cardinal clinical features and histopathological findings, and its differential diagnosis is briefly outlined for instant glance.
Anyaegbu Elizabeth - - 2011
Acute intermittent porphyria is a metabolic disorder rarely seen in prepubertal children. A delay in diagnosis of acute intermittent porphyria is common because of variable and nonspecific symptoms. We report an 8-year-old boy with right hemimegalencephaly and intractable seizures, who presented with dark-colored urine, hypertension, increasing lethargy, fluctuating seizures, and ...
Sameer K S Muhammed - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Lingual thyroglossal duct cysts (TGDC) are rare and liable to be missed in a cursory clinical examination. This study aimed to report the details of lingual TGDC from the authors' series and review existing literature on the entity. METHODS: A 12 year retrospective survey of all cases of thyroglossal ...
Redlich Antje - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Differentiated thyroid carcinomas (DTC) are uncommon in children. Since the frequency of malignancy is assumed to be high in pediatric symptomatic thyroid nodules, carcinomas should be ruled out reliably. The objective of this study was to assess the sensitivity of fine-needle biopsy (FNB) in diagnosing children with DTC. PROCEDURE: ...
Hill Sarah J - - 2011
Cutaneous malignancies in the pediatric population are rare. Melanocytic neoplasms have garnered increased attention as the incidence of melanoma rises and as published analyses of biologically indeterminate lesions become more commonplace. Pediatric melanomas have been studied in several large cohort series; still, most of our assumptions for treatment stems from ...
Wysong Ashley - - 2011
  We describe a case of multiple, discrete, hypopigmented macules in the suprapubic and axillary region in a healthy 3-year-old girl. The lesions first appeared at approximately 9 months of age and increased in number over time. Initial histopathologic examination by an outside dermatopathologist at 1 year of age was reported as ...
Visootsak Jeannie - - 2012
Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is an inherited genetic condition with critical consequences to the proband and family members at all levels in the generations. Although evidence demonstrates that the rates of diagnosis for FXS are the same in all racial groups, age of diagnosis in African American children has been ...
Atzori L - - 2011
Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is an immune-mediated subepidermal vesiculobullous eruption, whose true incidence is unknown, but it is considered extremely rare in children, with a usually indolent course and rare relapses. Diagnosis is often belated, because of the invasive assessment with biopsy for typical immune-pathologic findings to differentiate it from Dermatitis ...
Roy Rashmi - - 2011
Studies suggest that while most pediatric thyroid nodules are benign, there is a higher rate of malignancy than in adults. We investigate clinical factors that may predict malignancy in pediatric thyroid nodules. A retrospective review of 207 pediatric thyroidectomies was conducted over 15 years at 2 tertiary hospitals. Analyses examined ...
Summers C Gail - - 2011
Diagnosis of mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) requires awareness of the multisystem disease manifestations and their diverse presentation in terms of time of onset and severity. Many patients with MPS remain undiagnosed for years and progressively develop irreversible pathologies, which ultimately lead to premature death. To foster timely treatment and ensure a better ...
Saigal G - - 2011
Primary pancreatic tumours are extremely rare in children. We report a case of a 5-month-old male with a diffuse invasive tumour of the head of the pancreas. The tumour demonstrated peripancreatic extension into the porta hepatis, which occluded the portal vein and invaded the superior mesenteric artery. It was found ...
Homan MatjaĆŸ - - 2011
ABSTRACT: This is the report of a 6-year old girl with rectal polyp. Her major problem was intermittent rectal bleeding. Lower gastrointestinal endoscopic examination was performed and revealed a sessile mass. The histology of the removed polyp with additional immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization confirmed a benign lymphoid polyp, also ...
Machan K - - 2011
Infantile myofibromatosis, despite being considered a rare condition, is the most common fibrous tumour in infancy. It is characterised by the presence of benign fibroblastic-myofibroblastic lesions. It usually occurs in children under two years-old, but it can appear at any age. The solitary form (myofibromas) may affect the skin, subcutaneous ...
Bumb J M - - 2012
Although high-resolution 3D-imaging has markedly improved the imaging of the pediatric pineal gland, the prevalences of typical and atypical cysts as well as in vivo volumes are unknown. The purpose of this study was to compare the frequency of typical and atypical cysts using high-resolution 3D-sequence true fast imaging with ...
Arkader Alexandre - - 2011
Ewing sarcoma (ES) family of tumors is the second most common primary bone malignancy in children. It usually presents as an aggressive looking lesion often located in the meta-diaphyseal region of long bones, with bone destruction, permeation, cortical thinning and/or destruction, periosteal reaction, and large soft-tissue mass. The purpose of ...
Teo Wan-Yee - - 2011
Aim:  Bony complaints are well-recognised symptoms of childhood haematological malignancy. However, this elusive symptom complex of haematological malignancy is not easily recognised in the emergency room (ER) where musculoskeletal problems are frequent. This study reviews bony complaints of childhood haematological malignancy in the ER. Methods:  This was a retrospective study ...
Manor Esther - - 2012
Three hundred and twenty-two patients (192 male and 130 female) with cystic lesions of the jaw were successfully diagnosed and treated. One hundred and fifty-five (48%) were radicular cysts, 80 (25%) were dentigerous cysts, 23 (7%) were odontogenic keratocyst (=keratocystic odontogenic tumor), 19 (6%) were eruption cysts, 16 (5%) were ...
Baselga Eulalia - - 2011
  We report three infants who developed agminated pyogenic granulomas over congenital vascular malformations, all of which had an aggressive growth pattern. There were no precipitating events such as laser therapy or surgery. Lesions were excised.
Nunes Rosado Flavia G - - 2011
Context.-Infection is a common cause of lymphadenopathy in children and has numerous microbial etiologies. Lymph node biopsy is considered a keystone in arriving at a definite diagnosis. An accurate differential diagnosis from a lymph node biopsy can expedite diagnosis and minimize ancillary testing. Objective.-To assess and compare the histopathologic and ...
Goldberg Ethan M - - 2011
A 10-year-old girl presented to an emergency room with acute-onset, brief, repetitive episodes of loss of consciousness. Computed tomography indicated a 0.6 cm colloid cyst of the anterior third ventricle, adjacent to the foramen of Monro. This finding was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. The patient underwent transcallosal surgical resection ...
Seshia Shashi S - - 2011
The causes of nontraumatic coma (NTC) vary by country, season and period of data collection. Infective diseases are among the major worldwide causes of NTC. Nonaccidental head injury must be in the differential diagnosis. Genetic and ethnic susceptibilities to causes of coma are being recognized. A systematic history and examination ...
Zaman Samina - - 2011
In this report, we share our experience about the common types of childhood hepatic tumours during 10 years (2001-2010) and compare them with other studies. During 10 years (2001-2010), all the hepatic tumours of childhood received at Pathology Department of the Children Hospital and Institute of Child Health, Lahore Pakistan ...
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