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Ahlgrimm-Siess Verena - - 2012
Early detection of melanoma remains crucial to ensuring a favorable prognosis. Dermoscopy and total body photography are well-established noninvasive aids that increase the diagnostic accuracy of dermatologists in their daily routine, beyond that of a naked-eye examination. New noninvasive diagnostic techniques, such as reflectance confocal microscopy, multispectral digital imaging and ...
Glud M - - 2012
Cutaneous malignant melanoma is the most aggressive and lethal form of skin cancer. Over the past decades, its incidence has been increasing by 3-8% per year in western countries while mortality has stabilized. Melanoma is a heterogenous disease and can be subclassified based on distinct clinical characteristics, histopathological features and ...
Mazeh Haggi - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is the most commonly used diagnostic tool to differentiate benign from malignant thyroid nodules. Nevertheless, some FNAB cytology results are not definite. In such cases diagnostic thyroid lobectomy is performed with malignancy rate on final histopathology ranging at 15%-75%. The aim of this study ...
Proverbio Daniela - - 2012
This report describes multiple endocrine neoplasia in a dog, which is a rare hereditary disorder characterized by the presence of two or more neoplasms of different endocrine tissues within a patient. A 14 yr old dog was evaluated for polyuria/polydipsia, polyphagia, and abdominal enlargement. Adrenal-dependent hyperadrenocorticism with concomitant left thyroid ...
Lane Laura V - - 2012
A 5-year-old female spayed Shetland Sheepdog Mix dog was evaluated for a history of recent seizure activity, progressive hind limb ataxia, polyuria, and polydipsia and no history of gastrointestinal signs. Physical examination findings included conscious proprioceptive deficits, ataxia, and anterior uveitis along with a hypermature cataract in the right eye. ...
Bertazzolo Walter - - 2012
Presence of an abdominal effusion is a typical presenting sign associated with ovarian carcinoma (OC) in dogs. The aims of this study were to describe the cytologic features of effusions associated with OC and to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of such features for the diagnosis of OC in dogs. Cytologic ...
Caniatti Mario - - 2012
Most cases of canine chronic intranasal disease cannot be differentiated based on clinical examination alone, and biopsy is often required for a definitive diagnosis. Nonsurgical cytologic and histologic biopsy techniques represent desirable diagnostic approaches. The aim of this retrospective study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of brush cytology in ...
Rossmeisl J H JH - - 2012
In humans, central neurocytomas are rare and typically benign intracranial tumors found within the lateral ventricles, although extraventricular variants have been reported. Intracranial central neurocytomas have not been previously recognized in domestic animals. To describe the clinicopathologic features of canine intracranial central neurocytomas. Two dogs with spontaneous intracranial and intraventricular ...
Apaza Sonia - - 2012
Noroviruses (NoVs) are the leading cause of outbreaks of sporadic acute gastroenteritis worldwide in humans of all ages. They are important cause of hospitalizations in children with a public health impact similar to that of Rotavirus. NoVs are RNA viruses of great genetic diversity and there is a continuous appearance ...
Witham Ai - - 2012
Abstract  An 8-year-old, female, spayed Border Collie presented with a 3-week history of coughing, choking and haemoptysis.  Inspiratory stridor was evident on clinical examination. Cervical radiographs revealed a round soft-tissue mass on the dorsal aspect of the epiglottis. A laryngeal mass was evident on examination under anaesthesia, and an incisional ...
Liu Yu - - 2012
Gain of 3q26 is frequently observed in squamous cell carcinomas of mucosal origin, including those originating in the head and neck region. The human telomerase RNA component (hTERC) gene, which is located on chromosome 3q26, encodes for an RNA subunit of telomerase that maintains the length of telomeres through cellular ...
Kim Jung-Hyun - - 2011
An 18-year-old male miniature poodle had a chronic nonproductive cough. On radiographic examination, an opacification resembling a foreign body was noticed within the trachea at the level of the sixth cervical vertebra. When the trachea was examined endoscopically, a circumferential flap-like lesion was found. To differentiate the invagination from an ...
Bharath K P - - 2011
Trauma to the deciduous teeth may have severe consequences. Pulp necrosis is the commonly observed sequel in traumatized primary teeth and is one of the possible etiologic factors for the development of dentigerous cyst. Dentigerous cyst is more commonly seen in mandibular third molar and maxillary canine region and is ...
Verstraete Frank J M - - 2011
Objective?To characterize clinical signs and histologic findings in dogs with odontogenic cysts and determine whether histologic findings were associated with clinical features. Design?Retrospective case series. Animals?41 dogs. Procedures?Medical records were reviewed to obtain clinical data, including breed, age, sex, and lesion location. Microscopic sections and results of diagnostic imaging were ...
Vilar-Saavedra P - - 2011
The objective of this study is to report the use of thromboelastography as a diagnostic tool for the hyperfibrinolytic phase of disseminated intravascular coagulopathy in a dog with metastatic haemangiosarcoma. We established a cytological (i.e. fine needle aspirate) and histopathological (i.e. excisional surgical biopsy) diagnosis of haemangiosarcoma in a 10-year-old ...
Mun Ahlyum - - 2011
A fourteen-year female Jindo dog showing signs of hemoperitoneum was diagnosed with hemangiosarcoma through abdominal radiography and histopathological examination. In the abdominal radiographs, a circular mass was observed on the posterior of the spleen. When the splenic mass was removed via laparotomy, it was spherical, poorly circumscribed, and showed signs ...
Mallinckrodt Mary Jo - - 2011
Objective-To determine whether mass-to-splenic volume ratio or splenic weight as a percentage of body weight was significantly different between dogs with benign versus malignant splenic masses. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-65 dogs that underwent splenectomy. Procedures-Medical records of dogs examined between October 2007 and June 2008 because of a splenic mass ...
Yamada N - - 2011
Fascin-1 expression was examined in 9 cutaneous melanocytomas and 47 oral melanomas. The cases were scored on the basis of extent and intensity of staining, and combined scores were calculated. Fascin-1 expression was observed in 5/9 (56%) melanocytomas and 46/47 (98%) melanomas. The combined score for fascin-1 was significantly greater ...
Lucas X - - 2011
Unilateral enlargement of left testicle and scrotum was detected in an 8-year-old West Highland White Terrier. The histopathological diagnosis after surgery was a seminoma (SEM) tumour, and a diagnosis of metastatic foci was also detected in vaginal tunic and scrotum. Two months later, new metastatic SEM foci in the skin ...
Bass D - - 2011
A mixed breed dog presented with diffuse unilateral hind limb swelling, which ultrasound and cytology confirmed to be caused by severe haematoma formation. Multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography allowed distinct visualisation of an anomalous segment of the proximal popliteal artery, the presumed origin of the self-sustaining haematoma. Histopathology classified the ...
Zur Gila - - 2011
Granulomatous sebaceous adenitis (GSA) is uncommon in dogs; however, certain breed predilections exist. In this report, three cases of GSA in unrelated vizslas have been described. All cases initially presented with episodes of otitis externa followed by severe inner pinnal lesions. In one case, multifocal coalescing inner pinnal ulceration appeared ...
Epstein Shelley - - 2011
A 6 yr old, male, neutered Weimaraner was treated homeopathically for nasal aspergillosis after failing to respond to two treatments of topical (intranasal) clotrimazole and oral amoxicillin trihydrate/clavulanate potassium. Computed tomography, rhinoscopy, fungal culture, and cytology previously confirmed the diagnosis. At presentation for homeopathic treatment, the dog had aggressive left-sided ...
Goodrich Zachary J - - 2011
Two castrated male dogs presented for evaluation of tenesmus. Presurgical evaluations included complete physical examinations, serum biochemistry, abdominal ultrasonography, and MRI (case 2 only). Paraprostatic cysts were diagnosed in both cases based on the results of abdominal ultrasonography, MRI, and histopathology of tissue samples obtained during exploratory laparotomy. To the ...
Lipitz Lisa - - 2011
A 5 yr old female spayed mastiff was evaluated for a 3-4 mo history of paraparesis and 3 days of acutely worse paraparesis and incontinence. On magnetic resonance imaging, a spinal cord lesion was present at the ninth thoracic vertebra. The lesion was hyperintense on T2-weighted images (T2-W), and a ...
Nakladal B - - 2011
This report describes a case of intraosseous lipoma in a two-year-old Leonberger. The dog was presented with a history of ten month lameness in the right forelimb. A massive swelling from the elbow to the carpus of the right forelimb was visible. Treatment with anti-inflammatory medications by the local veterinarian ...
Stuckey Jane Ashley - - 2011
A case of a salivary gland mucocele in a dog causing nonpainful exopthalmos with dorsolateral deviation of the globe and protrusion of the third eyelid. Diagnosis was made via ultrasound and confirmed with computed tomography. Aspiration of the cystic material along with injection of a sclerosing agent, 1% polidocanol (Aethoxysklerol), ...
Simpson Christopher - - 2011
Pneumothorax was diagnosed in a dog presenting with progressive exercise intolerance and tachypnoea. Needle thoracocentesis failed to resolve the pneumothorax, and an exploratomy thoracotomy was performed. Upon inspection of the thoracic cavity, numerous white nodules (2 to 4mm) were present throughout the mediastinum, parietal pleura and the lung lobes. The ...
Beard Philippa M - - 2011
A 2-year-old female Yorkshire Terrier dog presented with neurological deficits. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an 8 mm in diameter mass centered left of midline arising from the quadrigeminal cistern, with a fatty or proteinaceous content. A further fat signal intensity focus was present in the tip of the temporal horn ...
Fukumoto Shinya - - 2011
A seven-year-old, male, mixed breed dog was referred to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital at Kitasato University because of anorexia, lameness and multiple cutaneous lesions. Observation of bone marrow plasmacytosis, osteolytic bone lesions, serum myeloma protein and cutaneous infiltration of myeloma cells led us to a diagnosis of multiple myeloma (MM) ...
Yasuno Kyohei - - 2011
A 9-year-old, female German Shepherd Dog presented with a firm bulging lesion at the tip of the tail. Histologically, the lesion was characterized by numerous poorly circumscribed clusters of vascular structures resembling capillaries that were separated by normal or mucinous connective tissues. The capillary-like vascular structures were composed of several ...
Neihaus Steven A - - 2011
There is little information in veterinary literature regarding the diagnostic accuracy of aspirate cytology for the diagnosis of canine osteosarcoma (OSA). The authors compared the diagnostic accuracy of a novel method of cytologic collection, termed core aspirate cytology (CA), with fine needle aspiration (FNA) and histopathology in 27 dogs with ...
Ditmyer Heidi - - 2011
Canine blastomycosis is a common systemic fungal infection within the Ohio and Mississippi River valleys and typically presents as pneumonia, lymphadenitis, or endophthalmitis. This report describes three cases in which mammary tissue samples were submitted to the Department of Pathobiology, University of Tennessee, College of Veterinary Medicine with clinical suspicion ...
Moon So-Jung - - 2011
A 14-year-old Maltese dog presented for complete medical examination due to intermittent vomiting and diarrhea observed during the previous two days. A single, solitary, lobulated cystic mass was observed in the liver upon ultrasonographic and computed tomographic examination. After surgical hepatic resection to remove the mass, histological examination revealed a ...
Basile Angelo - - 2011
A juvenile nephropathy in a 4-year-old male Boxer dog, closely resembling the Nephronophthisis (NPHP)-Medullary Cystic Kidney Disease Complex (MCKD) in humans is described. Gross examination of the kidneys revealed several multiple cysts at the corticomedullary junction and in the medulla. Histological examination was characterized by a widespread tubular atrophy and ...
Martins T B - - 2011
Twenty-one cases of pythiosis in horses (n = 10), dogs (n = 9) and cattle (n = 2) were investigated. The aetiology in all cases was confirmed by immunohistochemistry. Data related to the clinical course and outcome and localization of the lesions were obtained from pathology reports. The equine lesions consisted of fibrotic tissue with multiple, ...
Childress Michael O - - 2011
Objective-To assess the diagnostic utility of transurethral cystoscopic biopsy in dogs with histologically confirmed transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the urinary bladder and urethra. Design-Retrospective case series. Animals-92 dogs with histologically confirmed TCC. Procedures-Information on sex, breed, neuter status, body weight, tumor location, biopsy method, number of biopsy procedures, experience ...
Burgess K E - - 2011
This case series describes a rare entity, nasal angiofibroma, in 13 dogs that were presented to the University of Wisconsin, School of Veterinary Medicine from 1988 to 2000. All dogs in this case series presented with clinical signs and radiographic changes that were strongly suggestive of a locally invasive neoplasm. ...
Fonseca Dimitri Ribas - - 2011
Morphological changes can complicate dental treatment. This report presents a rare case of a furcation lesion in a mandibular canine with two roots. A 39-year-old man in general good health sought dental care for severe pain in his maxillary anterior teeth. The clinical examination showed localized swelling in the vestibular ...
Rohilla M - - 2011
The dentigerous cyst is a developmental odontogenic cyst, which apparently develops by accumulation of fluid between reduced enamel epithelium and the tooth crown of an unerupted tooth. It is one of the most prevalent types of odontogenic cysts associated with erupted, developing, or impacted tooth, particularly the mandibular third molars, ...
Tang Lydia - - 2011
Large congenital melanocytic naevi and other circular benign skin lesions are often excised by serial ellipses in stages. With this conventional technique, normal skin is sacrificed when excising 'dog ears', resulting in an elongated scar. The 'Cake Flap' is a new technique for serial excision of benign skin lesions that ...
Seo Kyoung-Won - - 2011
This report describes cases of central nervous system (CNS) relapse that occurred during chemotherapy in 3 dogs with lymphoma. Diagnosis was made by a combination of clinical signs and cytology of cerebrospinal fluid. The suspected risk factors, clinical features common to the 3 dogs, and treatment options are discussed.
Thakur Jagdeep S - - 2011
Ectopic eruption of a tooth is common in the dental arch, palate, and nose, but it is rare in the maxillary antrum. We present the case of a 35-year-old man with an ectopic canine and an associated dentigerous cyst in the maxillary sinus that masqueraded as an antrochoanal polyp.
Balka Gyula - - 2011
Uterine adenoacanthoma, a subtype of primary endometrial adenocarcinoma, was found in a tissue specimen removed during ovariohysterectomy from an 8-year-old German Shepherd dog. Multifocal, benign squamous metaplastic islands were identified in the parenchyma of the malignant endometrial tumour. The tumour was highly infiltrative but did not metastasise to other organs. ...
Gal Arnon - - 2011
Gastrinoma is a rare malignant neuroendocrine neoplasia that results in autonomous gastrin secretion that stimulates hypersecretion of gastric acid, resulting in severe gastric and proximal small intestinal ulcerations. The principal clinical manifestation of gastrinoma is persistent vomiting. This report describes an uncommon manifestation of pancreatic gastrinoma in a dog.
Mukorera V - - 2011
Background: Spirocerca lupi is a nematode of canids that forms a nodule in the esophagus that can undergo neoplastic transformation. C-reactive protein (CRP) is a major acute phase protein in the dog that has been used for treatment, monitoring, and prognostication in inflammatory and neoplastic disease. Hypothesis/Objectives: The objectives of ...
Kvitko-White Heather L - - 2011
An approximately three-year-old mixed breed female dog was evaluated for peritoneal effusion, anorexia, intermittent vomiting, and diarrhea. Radiographically, there was mineralization of the wall of small intestinal segments. Sonographic findings were consistent with multisystemic mineralization of liver, small intestinal wall, and pancreas. Multifocal granulomas containing schistosome eggs (Heterobilharzia americana) were ...
Ozdemir Didem - - 2011
Follicular variant papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC) is the most common variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) after classical PTC (CPTC). In this study, we aimed to compare functional status, ultrasonographical features, cytological results, and histopathological characteristics of patients with CPTC and FVPTC. Preoperative thyroid functions, thyroid autoantibodies, ultrasonographical features, cytology, ...
Patil Sushama - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Meningiomas exhibit a wide range of histomorphologic features, including variable mesenchymal and epithelioid phenotypes. Meningiomas also represent the most common host tumors for systemic metastases, particularly carcinomas. Recently, however, three unique dural-based neoplasms were encountered, wherein malignant-appearing gland-like structures were intermixed with meningothelial elements, yet genetic data suggested epithelial ...
Walts Ann E - - 2011
Our previous study utilizing the 2008 NCI six-category system (also known as The Bethesda System) for reporting thyroid fine-needle aspirations (FNA) identified considerable overlap in diagnosis and in assigned malignancy risk estimates for the "follicular lesion of undetermined significance (FLUS)" and "follicular neoplasm (FN)" categories and for the "suspicious for ...
Moline Jessica - - 2011
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 is historically composed of three clinical subtypes, all of which are associated with germline mutations in the RET proto-oncogene. Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A, familial medullary thyroid carcinoma, and multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B are collectively associated with a 70-100% risk of medullary thyroid carcinoma ...
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