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Ilgenfritz Seth - - 2013
Acute rheumatic fever (ARF), a consequence of group A streptococcal (GAS) pharyngitis, is characterized by nonsuppurative inflammatory lesions of the joints as well as subcutaneous and cardiac tissues. Although the overall incidence of ARF in the United States has declined in recent years, there have been reports of outbreaks in ...
Shivaram Pushpa - - 2013
Doppler echocardiography has been demonstrated to be accurate in diagnosing valvular lesions in rheumatic heart disease (RHD) when compared to clinical evaluation alone. To perform Doppler echocardiography in children clinically diagnosed by the Jones criteria to have acute rheumatic fever (ARF), and to then compare the effectiveness of echo in ...
Hailemariam Zerihun - - 2012
To identify the etiologic agents of cystic echinococcosis in Ethiopia, unilocular hydatid cysts were collected from 11 sheep, 16 cattle and 16 camels slaughtered in abattoirs of Aweday, Jijiga, Haramaya and Addis Ababa during June 2010 to February 2011. A PCR-based DNA sequencing of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase c subunit ...
Yazici Bülent - - 2011
A 28-year-old man presented with proptosis and medial displacement of the right eye, intermittent pain, and diplopia of 1 month's duration. Radiologic examination demonstrated a mass in the right lateral orbit resembling an aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC). Histopathologic evaluation of the surgically excised lesion via orbitotomy confirmed the radiologic diagnosis. ...
Maeda Takuya - - 2011
An Indian woman with multiple and nodular cerebral lesions presenting epithelioid granulomas was diagnosed as suspected malignant tumours and the biopsy was carried at local hospital in Japan. The specimen was pathologically diagnosed as tuberculoma. However, due to her nationality, the authors suspected it to be neurocysticercosis (NCC) and carried ...
Kim Myung Hun - - 2011
A 47-year-old woman presented with a growing mass on the lateral rim of orbit. Orbital CT revealed a well-circumscribed soft tissue mass in the right lateral orbit, with focal hyperostosis of the adjacent zygomatic bone. MRI showed a lesion of mixed T1-signal intensity, which became hypointense after fat suppression. The ...
Hammoudi Dena S - - 2010
This report describes a case of orbital B-cell lymphoma of extranodal marginal cell type with atypical clinical and radiographic features. This patient presented with choroidal effusion and optic disk swelling of the right eye. A CT scan revealed an intraconal mass surrounding the optic nerve and indenting the globe. A ...
Curnoe Darren - - 2010
Palaeopathological studies of the middle Pleistocene cranium from Florisbad (Free State, South Africa) document the presence of extensive cortical lesions and areas of thinning, a widened medullary cavity with destruction of the diploë, orbital roof lesions, a benign ectocranial neoplasm, and evidence for alveolar destruction, resorption, and antemortem tooth loss. ...
Limaiem Faten - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Orbital hydatidosis is rare, accounting for only 1% of all hydatid cysts. Herein we report a case and review the sparse literature. METHODS: Case report and review of pertinent literature. RESULTS: A 74-year-old farmer presented with progressive proptosis and loss of vision of the left eye. Evaluation revealed a ...
Chow Sing-Pey - - 2010
Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour (IMT) is a rare distinctive neoplasm of intermediate biological potential with a predilection for the abdominopelvic region and lung of children and young adults. It is histologically composed of spindle cells (myofibroblasts) in a myxoid to collagenous stroma with a prominent inflammatory infiltrate composed primarily of plasma ...
Barnes Laura D - - 2010
A 27 kg, 6-year-old, male castrated German shorthaired pointer presented to the University of Missouri, Veterinary Teaching Hospital with the complaint of progressive exophthalmia of 2 years duration optical density (OD). Lack of retropulsion OD was noted on physical examination. Anterior segment examination OU and fundic examination OS did not ...
Bonavolonta Paola - - 2010
Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma is an uncommon lesion of the bone and extraskeletal tissue involving very rarely the orbit. Histopathological features of this lesion include: undifferentiated mesenchymal cells with islands of mature hyaline cartilage. We present a case of a 23-year-old man with primary orbital mesenchymal chondrosarcoma (OMC) with an uncommon management. ...
Ormond David Ryan - - 2011
Epidermoid tumors are uncommon entities that usually occur intradurally in the cerebellopontine angle and parasellar cisterns. The few cases that have been reported to occur in the intraorbital location involve patients in the first four decades of life. To our knowledge, an elderly person presenting with an orbital epidermoid tumor ...
Wiegand S - - 2010
Orbital cavernomas are low-flow vascular malformations that are the most common benign neoplasms of the orbit in adults, typically becoming symptomatic in the middle age. The medical records of six patients with clinically suspected orbital cavernomas receiving elective surgical excision were analysed concerning symptoms, physical findings, treatment results and visual ...
Vohra Saifuddin T - - 2011
The apex of the orbit is formed by the union of the lesser and greater wings of the sphenoid bone and acts as an osseous tunnel for numerous neurovascular structures entering the orbit from the cranial vault. Lesions of the orbital apex are clinically important as they can have an ...
Benus Radoslav - - 2010
The frequency of cribra orbitalia was examined in Early Medieval skeletal samples from Devín and Borovce (Slovakia). The effects of environmental and socio-economic factors on the distribution of orbital lesions are explored and discussed. The frequency of cribra orbitalia was lowest in Devín-Hrad (11th-12th c. A.D.), followed by Devín-Za kostolom ...
Kim Dong Seok - - 2010
Idiopathic orbital myositis (IOM) is a subtype of orbital inflammatory disease characterized by primarily involving the extraocular muscle. The signs and symptoms of IOM may also be seen in such processes as orbital cellulitis, primary or metastatic orbital neoplasm, carotid-cavernous fistulae, arteriovenous malformations, cavernous sinus thrombosis, and thyroid eye disease, ...
Groskopf Brooke S - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: We present a unique case of a feline orbital extraskeletal osteosarcoma that developed 5 years post-enucleation. HISTORY: In 2002, an ophthalmologist enucleated the left eye of a 2-year-old neutered male DSH and submitted it to the Comparative Ocular Pathology Laboratory of Wisconsin (COPLOW). COPLOW diagnosed the left eye with ...
Almousa Radwan - - 2010
A 40-year-old woman presented to the eye clinic with painless swelling of her right lower eyelid of 2 years' duration. Examination revealed severe loss of vision in the right eye with hypoglobus and exotropia. CT showed a diffuse right orbital infiltrative lesion with extension to the brain parenchyma. Histopathology confirmed ...
Berbos Zachary J - - 2010
We describe a case of intravascular lymphoma that presented as an orbital mass lesion. A 77-year-old female presented with longstanding fatigue and one-month of diplopia. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed a frontal lobe brain lesion and a right orbital mass. Brain biopsy was interpreted as anaplastic oligodendroglioma. Orbital biopsy revealed ...
Yoshimura K - - 2010
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study is to describe the case of a cavernous hemangioma extending from the orbital apex to the pterygopalatine fossa that was completely removed via an endoscopic transnasal approach. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a 48-year-old man who presented with right hemianopsia of the ...
Okay Onder O Ankara Numune Education and Research Hospital, Neurosurgery Department, Ankara, Turkey. - - 2010
Lateral orbitotomy is a well-known approach for lesions of the lateral orbital cone. It is still appropriate for laterally situated tumors although contemporary cranial base approaches were defined and developed within the last decades. Here we report 10 orbital lesions operated with lateral orbitotomy, nine of which were extraconal. Cholesterol ...
Morad Yair - - 2010
Paediatric abusive head injury may have grave consequences, especially when characterized by repetitive acceleration-deceleration forces (shaken baby syndrome). Death occurs in approximately 30% and permanent neurologic damage in up to 80% of the victims. Retinal haemorrhages are a cardinal sign seen in approximately 85% of cases. In most cases haemorrhages ...
Hiraoka Takahiro - - 2010
A healthy 64-year-old man presented with a non-tender soft mass in the upper inner quadrant of the anterior left orbit. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a 14 x 16 x 14-mm homogeneous cystic lesion in the anterior superonasal orbit with a distinct margin. An orbital cyst was suspected, and its surgical ...
Lee Edward I - - 2010
Osseous or cartilaginous metaplasia in the orbit are both rare phenomena. The authors describe a unique case of combined primary orbital osseous and cartilaginous metaplasia presenting with orbital pain and ocular dysmotility and discuss the radiologic, histopathologic, and clinical features. This entity should be considered in the differential diagnosis of ...
Aggarwal Ekta - - 2010
A 45-year-old woman presented with an 8-month history of a firm mass over the right superonasal orbital rim, followed by an episode of hemorrhage and anesthesia 5 months later. Clinical history and CT were suggestive of a venous malformation with phleboliths. Excision biopsy was performed. Histopathology revealed intravascular papillary endothelial ...
Bagheri Abbas - - 2010
PURPOSE: To report two patients with different presentations of orbital echinococcosis, namely hydatid and alveolar cysts and to compare their clinical, imaging and histopathologic findings and treatment. METHODS: This retrospective study includes two young rural children who were referred because of progressive proptosis. RESULTS: Orbital imaging in both cases revealed ...
Omodaka Shunsuke - - 2010
A 30-year-old man presented with recurrent dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF) associated with de novo orbital cavernous malformation (CM), manifesting as progressive left visual disturbance. He had undergone transarterial embolization and subsequent surgical management for a left anterior middle fossa dAVF 9 years previously. External carotid angiography showed recurrence of the ...
Nakamura Satoshi - - 2010
A 64-year-old woman presented with a very rare case of three infectious lesions, cavernous sinus thrombophlebitis, clival inflammation, and orbital subperiosteal abscess (SPA), manifesting as abducens palsy. An isolated non-specific mass in upper clivus was initially suspected to be derived from paranasal sinusitis. The clival lesion was approached by an ...
Cao ZhiWei - - 2010
We report three cases of patients with respiratory epithelial adenomatoid hamartoma (REAH) of bilateral olfactory clefts associated with nasal polyposis. REAH is a kind of rare lesion which commonly occurs in nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, and nasopharynx. Our cases were all localized in bilateral olfactory clefts which is very rare ...
Benazzou Salma - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Echinococcosis represents one of the most common human parasitoses in some geographical areas. Orbital involvement is extremely rare. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the records of our Medical University Centre between 1984 and 2006, we found 10 cases of orbital hydatid cyst. RESULTS: Among them, 6 males and 4 females; ...
Garc?a-Santana Sheila M - - 2009
An 85-year-old male presented with unilateral third, fourth, and sixth cranial nerve palsies. Neuroimaging revealed a mass involving the medial wall of the left cavernous sinus, without orbital involvement. Biopsy of the mass provided a pathologic diagnosis of esthesioneuroblastoma.
Konuk Onur - - 2009
A 2-year-old girl presented with inflammatory eyelid swelling in the left eye over a 2-week period. Ophthalmologic examination showed hyperemia and swelling, with a palpable mass at the inferior orbital rim. Orbital magnetic resonance imaging showed periorbital edema and a cystic lesion located in the inferomedial orbit. Histopathologic evaluation showed ...
Samy Hazem - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We would like to describe a case report of posterior ischemic optic neuropathy (PION) misdiagnosed as arteritic PION with presumed GCA which leads to missing the correct diagnosis with fatal outcome. METHODS: The clinical course of a single patient will be described including presentation, testing,diagnosis and treatment. RESULTS: An ...
Wang Yi - - 2009
PURPOSE: To determine the types, frequency, and clinical features of infrequent bilateral orbital lesions. METHODS: We reviewed 41 cases of either histopathologically or radiologically verified bilateral orbital lesions. The number and entities in each category were recorded. Clinical data and imaging findings were reviewed. RESULTS: The number and percentage of ...
Hayasaki Aiko - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Although surgical resection is the first treatment choice in patients with cystic lymphangioma, the complete resection of orbital lymphangioma is often difficult. After partial resection of the cyst wall, some cystic lymphangiomas recur. The injection of tissue fibrin glue may prevent the recurrence of orbital lymphangioma. CASE DESCRIPTION: We ...
Kim Usha R - - 2009
Colobomatous cyst of the orbit is a rare congenital cystic malformation associated with ocular maldevelopment. Usually, the cyst is associated with a microphthalmic globe. We present a rare case of a unilateral large colobomatous cyst associated with a normal-sized globe, giving the appearance of a double globe on imaging.
Bastola P - - 2009
Orbital rhabdomyosarcoma is the commonest primary orbital malignancy in children. A case of alveolar type of orbital rhabdomyosarcoma with unusual presentation in a three and half years male child presented with painless nodular swelling in the left lower lid of one and half years duration and gradual protrusion of the ...
Birkholz Emily S - - 2010
A 23-year-old pregnant woman presented with a rapidly progressive unilateral optic neuropathy. The evaluation was complicated by her being pregnant and the issues surrounding the evaluation and management of the pregnant patient with a neuro-ophthalmic finding is discussed. Eventually an orbital apex lesion was found and proved to be an ...
Bignami Maurizio - - 2009
Epithelial cells of cylindrical cell papilloma are oncocytes, which arise from the sinonasal respiratory epithelium, hence the term Oncocytic Schneiderian papilloma.This is a rare and benign neoplasm of the nose and paranasal sinuses and it should be considered in the work-up of all unilateral nasal polypoid lesions. Clinically behaviour is ...
Malik Archana - - 2009
A 58-year-old-man presented with painful rapidly progressive bilateral proptosis with restricted ocular movements of 15 days duration. There was history of significant weight loss in the recent past. Computed tomography scan of the head and orbit revealed bilateral multiple, well-defined, round, soft tissue masses, isointense with muscles in intraconal and ...
Twaij Suhair - - 2009
Posttraumatic cranio-orbital cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula is rare, occurring when there is a communication between orbit and subarachnoid space. This communication can be caused by orbital tumors with intracranial extension or can be a result of orbital surgery. Low suspicion for traumatic orbital CSF fistula can lead to delay in ...
Ito Eiji - - 2009
A 67-year-old man presented with a rare case of cavernous sinus thrombophlebitis (CST) caused by Porphyromonas gingivalis with abscess formation extending to the orbital cavity. Neuroimaging demonstrated a cystic lesion in the right cavernous sinus that was hyperintense on diffusion-weighted imaging. The patient was successfully treated with surgical drainage and ...
ChipczyƄska Barbara - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) is a rare idiopathic disease in which small and medium-sized arteries are affected by necrotizing granulomatous inflammation. It is associated with a triad of pulmonary (cavitating granulomatous lesions with hemoptysis, cough, and dyspnea), renal (glomerulonephritis with hematuria, proteinuria), and head (otitis media, recurrent sinusitis, eye or ...
Karcioglu Z A - - 2010
AIM: To assess the diagnostic value of the orbital fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) with an in vitro technique, eliminating the sampling error. DESIGN: Prospective, non-randomised, interventional case series. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients were studied prospectively in institutional clinical practices. Immediately after excision of orbital mass lesions, the removed tissue was ...
Michael Rajiv C - - 2009
Angioleiomyoma is a rare benign tumor in the nasal cavity. There are very few reports in literature. A 34 year old male presented with left sided nasal obstruction and epistaxis. Clinical evaluation revealed a lesion replacing the anterior two-third of the Left inferior turbinate. An endoscopic excision under hypotensive anesthesia ...
Pajares-Hachero Bella - - 2009
Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an entity which exceptionally affects the ocular region and periorbital tissues, but which should be included in the differential diagnosis of lesions which affect the orbital region in a diffused manner. We report the case of a 60-year-old patient diagnosed with stage IV MCL, whose ...
Kuruvilla Ruben - - 2009
An 18-day-old child presented with rapid enlargement of a firm subcutaneous eyelid mass present since birth. Imaging revealed extension into the anterior orbit. Incisional biopsy revealed juvenile xanthogranuloma. Multidisciplinary systemic evaluation revealed no other lesions, although thrombocytopenia was discovered, prompting a bone marrow biopsy to rule out malignancy. Once none ...
Tien Alexandra M - - 2009
This report describes a case of orbital dermoid cyst presenting with a discharging sinus tract. The embryologic basis for orbital dermoids in general is discussed, as well as their typical presentation and management. In the current case, patient presentation and management were somewhat different because of signs of infection and ...
Saeed Peerooz - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SSRS) in the diagnosis of optic nerve sheath meningiomas (ONSMs). DESIGN: Prospective, comparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: SSRS was used to investigate 68 orbits in 61 patients diagnosed with an orbital tumor. METHODS: Patients were injected intravenously with 200 MBq of indium-111 ...
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