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Results 251 - 300 of 970
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El Ammari Jalal Eddine - - 2011
Partial ureteropelvic junction disruption as a result of blunt trauma is rare and frequently missed by the initial trauma evaluation. Delays in diagnosis have also been associated with significant morbidity. A high index of suspicion should lead to appropriate investigations, and the management will be determined by the severity of ...
Jayaprakash Sheela - - 2011
A 42-year-old multi para, presented with a mass protruding from vagina since 1 year. The mass was cystic in nature arising from the posterior vaginal wall. It was insidious in growth, gradually increasing in size to 8×8 cm. Surgical excision of the cyst was done by sharp and blunt dissection. ...
Wani Abdul Majid - - 2011
Testicular cancer is a common neoplasm in young and middle-aged men. Although, the most common presentation is a palpable testicular mass, it can present with atypical symptoms. There is a lack of awareness among primary-care physicians about the less common presentations of testicular tumours. Early detection is a key prognostic ...
Malik Ahsan - - 2011
The authors present a case of a gentleman in his 70s who was referred to the gastroenterology outpatient clinic with dysphagia. An oesophagogastroduodenoscopy was performed which showed a polypoidal black coloured mass in the oesophagus. Endoscopic biopsies confirmed malignant melanoma. Further staging investigations were organised to assess suitability for surgery ...
Schrock Wesley B - - 2011
Vertebral hemangiomas are common lesions and usually considered benign. A rare subset of them, however, are characterized by extra-osseous extension, bone expansion, disturbance of blood flow, and occasionally compression fractures and thereby referred to as aggressive hemangiomas. We present a case of a 67-year-old woman with progressive paraplegia and an ...
O'Neill Christine J - - 2011
Parathyroid carcinoma accounts for <1% of tumors in primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). Distinguishing parathyroid malignancy from benign disease is difficult both before and after initial surgery. Despite the improved specificity of a malignant diagnosis with immunohistochemistry for parafibromin and PGP9.5, proven metastatic behavior remains the gold standard of diagnosis. Minimally invasive ...
Y Ganesh - - 2011
A 35-year-old Indian working in Dubai had come to India for his annual vacation. He presented with a shortness of breath and mild chest discomfort of 3 months duration. Routine investigations gave normal results, except for his chest x-ray that showed homogenous opacity in the right mid and lower zones. ...
Pankhania Miran - - 2011
A neck mass, which rapidly increases in size over several weeks, is concerning for all involved. When accompanied by other symptoms suggesting sinister underlying pathology, efficient management and rapid diagnosis are vital. The causes may include primary or metastatic carcinoma, or lymphoreticular malignancy. Other non-sinister pathology may account for the ...
McNamara Kate - - 2011
An 85-year-old lady presented with a large midline neck mass. After 8 years of steady growth, the previously asymptomatic mass began to cause stridor and dysphagia. The patient's comorbidities included a previous partial glossectomy for haemangioma of the tongue, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, congestive cardiac failure and obesity (body mass ...
Khan Faraan - - 2011
Reports of inflammatory pseudotumours can be found in the literature affecting different organs of the body. The authors present a case and discuss the differential diagnosis of an inflammatory duodenal mass. Both symptomatology and radiological findings suggested a more sinister cause, such as a malignancy. However, histological analysis revealed normal ...
Bowen Jordan S T JS Oxford Deanery, Heatherwood and Wexham Park Hospital, Slough, Berkshire, - - 2011
A 56-year-old man was found to have an adrenal incidentaloma on a CT scan of the abdomen. Clinically and biochemically, the mass was not functional. MRI scan revealed a heterogeneously enhancing, T2-hyperintense, right-sided adrenal mass (4.5×6.5 cm). Meta-iodo-benzylguanidine scan was normal, making a diagnosis of pheochromocytoma unlikely. As the mass ...
Hambarde Sandeep - - 2011
Congenital lingual cystic masses are challenging entities that can be detected prenatally or are discovered in various forms after birth. Foregut duplication cyst of tongue is an extremely rare condition. Here we present the eleventh case in literature on foregut duplication cyst in tongue lined with gastric mucosa. Complete excision ...
Parsian Sana - - 2011
Benign simple breast cysts are commonly seen in female breasts and can present as palpable masses. They are distinctly uncommon, however, in the male breast. We report a case of simple benign cyst of the breast in a 58-year-old man newly diagnosed with mantel cell lymphoma. The cyst was first ...
Leland Hyuma A - - 2011
We report a case of a cystic lymphangioma arising from the lesser curvature of the stomach in a 16-year-old female who initially presented with abdominal pain, nausea, and emesis. Contrast enhanced computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed a large, thin-walled multicystic mass located anteromedial to the stomach, which was ...
Astroza Gastón G Emergency Department Hospital Ramón Barros Luco-Trudeau, Santiago, - - 2011
Testicular cancer is the most common type of cancer among young patients. At the moment of diagnosis, between 30% and 50% of them have developed metastases, which affect retroperitoneal lymph nodes and lungs especially. Hepatic compromise is rare and is associated with poor prognosis. Besides this, hepatic lesions can complicate ...
Spada F - - 2011
Tailgut cysts (or retro-rectal cyst-hamartomas (RCHs)) are developmental abnormalities consisting of multiloculated cysts lined by squamous, transitional or glandular epithelium which, albeit rarely, may give rise to malignant transformations. Carcinoid tumours arising in the presacral region are extremely rare and usually benign, and only a few are described in the ...
Madronio Erickson Batulan EB Endocrinology Department, Diabetes and Metabolism, Philippine General Hospital, Manila, Philippines. - - 2011
Pituitary metastasis is an infrequent clinical problem occurring in 1%-5% of various autopsy series. Differentiated thyroid carcinoma as the primary malignancy was reported in only 2.1% of the cases. A 53-year-old Filipina presented with 7 months history of progressive loss of vision and headaches. She underwent thyroidectomy 2 years prior ...
Srivalli Madhira - - 2011
We are reporting a case of 10-year-old female child with an asymptomatic left sided cystic neck mass who underwent surgical excision. She was diagnosed as having a cervical thymic cyst based on histopathologic findings. The review of available literature on thymic cyst has shown that cervical thymic cyst is a ...
Erbay Gurcan G Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine, Ba┼čkent University, 01250 Adana, - - 2011
Malignant fibrous histiocytoma is the second most common soft-tissue sarcoma in adults. After the extremities, the retroperitoneal space is the second most common site of this tumor. A 50-year-old man presented with a right retroperitoneal, thick-walled, cystic multilocular mass measuring 10 × 10 cm that was thought to be a type CE 5 ...
van Geffen Wouter H WH Department of Pulmonology, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands. - - 2011
A 60-year-old man presented with a suspected retroperitoneal mass, after primarily resected thymoma (type B1/B2, Masaoke stage 1). A germ cell tumour was excluded and a diagnostic biopsy was performed. The mass appeared to be a local recurrence of the primary thymoma, for example, a droplet metastasis, progressed to type ...
Bhardwaj Anand Kumar - - 2011
Cystic nephroma is a rare benign renal neoplasm that is purely cystic and is lined by an epithelium. Bilateral cystic nephromas are even rarer with only a handful cases reported in the literature. A case of a 2-year-old male child who presented with bilateral renal cystic masses later diagnosed as ...
Pankhania Miran M Plastic Surgery Department, Wexham Park Hospital, Slough, UK. - - 2011
The authors report a rare case of primary intracranial meningioma presenting as a middle ear mass with conductive hearing loss. The authors aim to highlight the importance of diagnosing a middle ear mass, which although rare, may have a substantial impact on ongoing patient management. A discussion of other middle ...
Alam Kiran - - 2011
A 3-year-old male child had left-sided abdominal lump for 4 months. Radiological examination revealed a cystic mass in the left kidney. A tentative diagnosis of multicystic nephroma was made on clinical and radiological examination. Cytology was inconclusive. Nephrectomy was done. A final diagnosis of multicystic dysplasia was made on histological ...
Zolotar Meira - - 2011
A 23-year-old Asian lady presented with a hard indurated midline neck swelling of 2 months duration without any upper aerodigestive tract or systemic symptoms of note. Her inflammatory markers were elevated and she was commenced on antibiotics. Ultrasound scan and fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) were inconclusive. A CT scan ...
van Hamont Dennis D Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, P.O. Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The - - 2011
The underlying causes of labor dystocia can be various. Lack of expulsive forces or fetal malpresentation are amongst the most common ones. However, pelvic masses are described as well. Here we describe two cases of labor dystocia as first presentation of pelvic malignancy.
Punguyire Damien - - 2011
If a pediatric abdominal mass is not organomegaly or colonic stool, narrowing the diagnostic possibilities may be difficult, especially in resource-poor areas where ancillary tests and treatment options may be limited. A 2-year-old girl was brought to the rural Kintampo Municipal Hospital in Ghana with a freely moveable, non-tender abdominal ...
Omoti Afekhide Ernest - - 2011
To report a case of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) presenting as an ocular adnexal and forehead mass. An elderly male patient was referred by a neurosurgeon to the eye clinic with a six-month history of a massive tumor measuring 12×16×8 cm involving the right side of the forehead, eyebrow and upper ...
Johnson Nathan A - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to describe the typical ultrasound features of cystic parathyroid adenoma. A review of a surgical database and electronic medical records from 2006 to 2009 identified the cases of 15 patients who underwent preoperative cervical sonography for primary hyperparathyroidism with subsequent resection of pathologically proven ...
Paker Irem - - 2010
Oncocytic parathyroid adenoma is a rarely seen benign neoplasm of the parathyroid and intrathyroidal location of this lesion is also uncommon. It can be easily misdiagnosed as Hürthle cell thyroid neoplasm on fine-needle aspiration (FNA). Here, an intrathyroidal oncocytic parathyroid adenoma in a 32-year-old male is reported. Ultrasonography showed a ...
Duggal Rajan - - 2010
Metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) to various organs is frequently seen. The lungs, regional lymph nodes, kidney, bone marrow and adrenals are relatively common sites of metastasis. Spleen metastasis from HCC is unusual, and only a few cases have been retorted; none have been diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology ...
Liles Sofija R - - 2010
The purpose of this study is to characterize the sonographic appearance of canine parathyroid glands using high-resolution ultrasonography. Ten cadaver dogs were studied after euthanasia for reasons not relating to the parathyroid. The cervical region was examined using a 13-5 MHz linear transducer in right and left recumbency. Ultrasonographic features ...
Siddiqui Tariq Saeed - - 2010
The introduction of multiphase helical computed tomography has created many important advances in the detection and characterisation of renal masses. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is the seventh most common cancer and makes up 80-85% of all primary renal cancer in adults. If it is found and treated early, the chances ...
Davidson J - - 2010
This case of splenic peliosis, describes a rare condition when it presents in the spleen, and is better understood when it occurs in the liver. However, the ultrasound and CT features have a wide differential diagnosis including more common aetiologies, of either a vascular, infective or neoplastic nature, which should ...
Johnson Sarah J - - 2010
Parathyroid glands are received for histological examination during treatment of hyperparathyroidism. There are a small number of likely diagnoses available to the histopathologist, but distinction between these can be difficult due to overlap of morphological features. Recent developments in surgical approaches and preoperative imaging techniques have led to increased use ...
Chamanza Ronnie - - 2010
The authors performed a retrospective study to determine the incidences and range of spontaneous pathology findings in control cynomolgus monkeys. Data were collected from 570 monkeys (285 animals per sex), aged twelve to thirty-six months, from sixty regulatory studies evaluated at our laboratory between 2003 and 2009. The most common ...
Vu Duc H - - 2010
OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience with mediastinal parathyroid adenomas diagnosed by endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine-needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) and measurement of parathyroid hormone. METHODS: We describe the clinical and pathologic findings and diagnostic techniques used in 2 study patients. RESULTS: Patient 1 was a 54-year-old man with persistently elevated serum calcium and ...
Lieu David - - 2010
The gold standard to determine the cause of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is bilateral neck exploration. As most cases are caused by parathyroid adenoma, there is a movement toward preoperative localization of the abnormal gland by ultrasound and/or Tc(99)-sestamibi scan and minimally invasive parathyroidectomy. Nonpalpable thyroid nodules are common and cannot ...
Pilz Julia B - - 2011
We report the incidental finding of a nodular mass in the pancreatic tail on a contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan preinterventional to emergency laparotomy for splenic rupture. Because of the past surgical history and radiologic appearance, differential diagnosis included atypical lymphoma in the spleen and regional lymph node, pancreatic adenocarcinoma with ...
Udgaonkar U - - 2010
Tubercular splenic abscess in an immunocompetent person, especially when the patient is without any symptoms, is a rare clinical entity. We report a case of isolated tubercular splenic abscess in a 38-year-old asymptomatic healthy female and emphasize the importance of careful smear examination. The patient had come to the hospital ...
Sutherland T - - 2010
Focal lesions within the spleen are being increasingly recognized as imaging technologies advance, and often provide a diagnostic challenge for radiologists. Knowledge of the types of pathologies that occur, determination of solid or cystic nature and a search for characteristic features including correlation with extrasplenic findings can usually allow a ...
Dan Dilip - - 2010
Splenic cysts are relatively uncommon entities in surgical practice and treatment options vary. We present a case of a young adult woman who presented with a left-sided abdominal mass. A large splenic cyst was diagnosed by abdominal ultrasound and computed tomography. Laparoscopic partial excision with marsupialisation was performed with uneventful ...
Ahmad W - - 2010
Parathyroid carcinoma is a rare malignancy and is a cause of primary hyperparathyroidism in less than 1% of cases. The authors present a case in which a lesion, radiologically suggestive of a carotid body tumour, but with the peroperative appearance of a vagal schwannoma had the definitive pathological diagnosis of ...
Aliyev Anar - - 2010
Primary hyperparathyroidism is caused by an excessive amount of parathyroid hormone secreted by one or more enlarged parathyroid glands. Most commonly primary hyperparathyroidism is caused by a parathyroid adenoma. Ectopic parathyroid adenomas are rare, but they can complicate the surgical treatment and have an increased morbidity and poorer success rate. ...
Knezevi?-Obad Anka - - 2010
The aim of this study is to establish possibilities of using cytology in the diagnosis of parathyroid gland adenoma. 475 patients, all suspected to have parathyroid gland disease, were examined over a three-year period (from 1 of January 2006 to 31 of December 2008) in the Clinical Department of Nuclear ...
Zganjer Mirko - - 2010
Primary splenic cysts are uncommon lesions of the spleen. Splenic cysts are classified as primary or secondary on the basis of presence or absence of an epithelial lining. The primary cysts are further subdivided as parasitic or non-parasitic. The congenital non-parasitic cysts are rarely met in clinical practice and it ...
Lee Ann Y - - 2011
BACKGROUND.: Parathyroid lipoadenoma is an uncommon tumor that may be difficult to diagnose on intraoperative frozen section. Intraoperative parathyroid hormone (PTH) measurement is useful in assessing the adequacy of parathyroidectomy. This case demonstrates the value of intraoperative PTH measurement in recognizing a parathyroid lipoadenoma. METHODS AND RESULTS.: A case of ...
Ward E V M - - 2010
Splenic cysts are relatively uncommon, and are usually asymptomatic. They are benign, typically treated conservatively and followed up with ultrasound examination, with few reported complications. We report a case of a simple splenic cyst that was followed up on imaging over a seven-year period. During that time, the cyst gradually ...
Velcani Artur - - 2010
A 36-year-old female presented with constant, worsening left lower quadrant pain without associated fever or vaginal discharge. Pelvic and transvaginal ultrasound examinations were performed which demonstrated a large complex cystic structure in the left adnexa with peripheral flow on color Doppler imaging. Given the sonographic appearance and patient symptoms, possibilities ...
Munhoz Etiene Andrade - - 2010
This article presents a case report in which a systemic disease was first suspected by viewing a panoramic radiograph. A 49-year-old man sought prosthetic rehabilitation with implants. Panoramic radiography revealed an osteolysis of poorly defined limits in the apical region of teeth No. 26 to 28. The patient's medical history ...
Varoglu Asuman Orhan - - 2010
Parathyroid adenomas (PA) are benign tumors. We report an unusual case of delayed diagnosis of a PA and concomitant Vitamin D deficiency presenting as tetraparesia. A 30-year-woman was admitted to our clinic with an inability to walk. Our examination revealed tetraparesia and common, severe muscular atrophy. Laboratory investigations showed the ...
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