Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1723
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Rodrigo Juan Pablo - - 2006
Thyroid cancers are the most common endocrine malignancies and are being diagnosed with increased frequency in modern clinical practice. Among other diagnostic modalities, fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy of clinically suspicious thyroid nodules is becoming increasingly popular. Preliminary investigations have suggested that molecular diagnostic assays using tumor-specific markers may improve the ...
Cabibi Daniela - - 2006
Sarcoidosis is a systemic disorder characterized by granulomatous lesions, principally affecting the lungs. There are numerous reports in the literature of an associated involvement of the thyroid, much more frequently in hypothyroid than in hyperthyroid subjects. The present case report refers to a woman presenting with thyroid nodules and normal ...
Shetty Sanjay K - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to determine the prevalence of malignancy in incidental abnormalities of the thyroid gland detected on CT and to determine the relative accuracy of characterizing these abnormalities on CT as compared with sonography and pathology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched our department's computerized clinical ...
Yuan Wei-Hsin - - 2006
The purpose of this study is to assess the specific ultrasonic characteristics of papillary thyroid carcinoma and to determine the relative frequency of various patterns of papillary carcinoma on gray-scale ultrasonography (US) and color Doppler ultrasonography (CDU). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed US features in 51 patients with confirmed papillary thyroid ...
Zieren Juergen - - 2006
Ectopic thyroid glands are generally a rare entity appearing mostly in the cervical midline (90% of the cases) and even more rarely in other anatomical sites (10%). We present the case of an ectopic submandibular thyroid gland. An 81-year-old woman was referred to our department with a history of right-sided ...
Scognamiglio Theresa - - 2006
We evaluated HBME1, galectin-3 (GAL3), cytokeratin (CK)19, and a new anti-CITED1 antibody in 127 follicular adenoma (FA) and papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) cases. The findings were used to evaluate 11 diagnostically challenging encapsulated follicular lesions with questionable features of PTC (FL/QPTC). All 4 markers showed higher expression in PTC than ...
Cowan D F - - 2006
Fresh thyroid glands (n=60) from Atlantic bottlenose dolphins that died after stranding along the Texas coast between 1991 and 2005 were examined. Organ weight ranged from 11 g in a neonate (length 109 cm) to 58 g in a large (249 cm) male. More typical weights were 25-45 g (mean=30.6 ...
Mahar Saeed A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the utility of FNAC in patients with Thyroid Nodule. METHODS: Records of all patients treated surgically for thyroid nodule(s) at Aga Khan University Hospital from January 2000 to December 2004 were reviewed. The patients who had pre operative FNAC as first line of the evaluation and the ...
Kalinyak Judith E - - 2006
A 53-year-old man was admitted to the hospital because of tracheal compressive symptoms from a rapidly expanding thyroid mass. The patient first noticed the nodule less than a week prior to admission. Thyroid tests were normal. A fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy showed a monotonous population of intermediate-sized lymphoid cells with ...
Won Yong Sung - - 2008
Riedel's thyroiditis is a rare variant of thyroiditis and characterized by the replacement of thyroid parenchyma by extensive fibrosis. Typically, the thyroid is diffusely involved and a painless, hard anterior neck mass shows clinical features similar to those of anaplastic thyroid carcinoma: a rapidly enlarging, hard, fixed thyroid mass and ...
Galgano Mary T - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Since its description, hyalinizing trabecular adenoma (HTA) of the thyroid has been a controversial entity. Some have considered it a unique entity, some have considered it a variant of papillary carcinoma (PC), and still others have considered it a nonspecific pattern that may be seen with a variety of ...
Park Sun Young - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We wanted to describe the characteristic ultrasonography (US) features and clinical findings for making the diagnosis of subacute granulomatous thyroiditis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 31 lesions from 27 patients were confirmed as subacute granulomatous thyroiditis by US-guided fine needle aspiration biopsy. We analyzed the ultrasonographic findings such ...
Mehmood Rao K - - 2006
We describe the interesting case of a young man who presented with a lateral neck node that was diagnosed as a branchial cyst. Histopathology of the excised node revealed that a papillary carcinoma was located within thyroid tissue, which in turn was located within a branchial cyst. A total thyroidectomy ...
Butros Reha - - 2007
An assumed indolent course of thyroid microcarcinomas and concerns about the cost-effectiveness of treatment raise management issues. As various studies have reported controversial results, management remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the use of ultrasonography (US) in detecting malignancies in a series of 589 infracentimetric nodules. ...
Gourgiotis Stavros - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Incidental parathyroidectomy is a complication of thyroid surgery. The aim of this report is to explore the incidence, risk factors, and clinical relevance of inadvertent parathyroidectomy during thyroidectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent thyroidectomy between January 1998 and June 2005 were evaluated. Pathology reports were reviewed ...
Torres-Cabala Carlos - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To validate proteins identified by proteomics as potentially usable markers in thyroid pathology. STUDY DESIGN: Frozen sections of thyroid tumors were manually micro-dissected and proteins extracted. Two-dimensional (2D) gel electrophoresis and subsequent liquid chromatography/mass spectroscopy were performed, and differentially expressed proteins were identified. Validation of candidates for tumor markers ...
Yüksel M - - 2006
A patient with suspicion of a neuroendocrine tumor of the pancreas underwent a somatostatin receptor scintigraphy using 111In-Pentetreotide. 111In-pentetreotide scintigraphy showed discrete uptake of the radiotracer in the head of the pancreas and focal uptake in the right upper thyroid lobe. Tracer uptake in the 24h planar image was higher ...
Matsumoto Fumihiko - - 2006
Niban is a recently identified molecular marker of renal carcinogenesis in the Tsc2 gene-mutant Eker rat. Niban expression is most dramatically increased in the early stage of renal carcinogenesis and might decline during malignant progression. Niban is also expressed in various histologic types of human renal cell carcinoma. Therefore, Niban ...
Ghofrani Mohiedean - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Poorly differentiated oxyphilic (Hürthle cell) carcinomas are a more recently described variant of poorly differentiated thyroid carcinoma and are characterized by a prominent Hürthle cell component in a solid or trabecular arrangement. Clinically, poorly differentiated oxyphilic carcinomas behave more aggressively as compared to classic Hürthle cell carcinomas, which have ...
Kinikli Gulay - - 2007
We present a case of central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma in a patient with Sjogren's syndrome (SS) and autoimmune thyroiditis (Hashimoto's thyroiditis) overlap. A 60-year-old woman, who had the diagnosis of SS for 16 years, had been admitted for visual loss, fever, weight and appetite loss for 3 months. Cranial ...
Carpi A - - 2006
Recent guidelines for the evaluation of thyroid nodules clarify the diagnostic algorithm while also reporting important differences. The performance of fine needle aspiration (FNA) for cytological examination follows serum TSH determination and thyroid ultrasonography. Thyroid scintigraphy is recommended following a low TSH value and/or FNA yielding an indeterminate follicular cytology. ...
Yoder Brian J - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 70-80% of thyroid fine needle aspiration biopsies (FNAB) can distinguish benign from malignant thyroid nodules. However, much interpretive diagnostic difficulty arises with the remaining 20-30% of cases. These problematic thyroid aspirations have been placed in various diagnostic categories, which collectively have led to confusion and a negative impact ...
Oertel Yolanda C - - 2006
Fine-needle aspiration of the thyroid has been accepted as one of the initial diagnostic tools in the evaluation of thyroid nodules. As its use becomes more widespread, the demand for more precise diagnosis has increased. The histopathology of insular carcinoma of the thyroid is now well recognized. However, the cytologic ...
Mehrotra Pallavi P School of Surgical and Reproductive Sciences, Department of Cellular Pathology, University of Newcastle upon Tyne, Newcastle upon Tyne, United - - 2006
Minichromosome maintenance protein 2 (Mcm-2) is essential for DNA replication and serves as a useful biomarker of cell-cycle state in human tissue samples. Ki-67 is an established proliferation marker. Because Mcm-2 expression has not previously been assessed in thyroid tissue, the aim of this study was to assess the expression ...
Camargo Roberto Souza RS Department of Surgery, Medicine School of São Paulo University, Brazil. - - 2006
To evaluate the discriminating potential of AgNOR area measurement and count in thyroid tumors using static cytometry equipment. Slides were analyzed by a computerized system for image analysis, CAS 200 (Becton & Dickinson, U.S.A.), using the Cell Measurement computer program (CAS 200, Becton & Dickinson). The argyrophilic reaction (NORs) was ...
Boelaert K - - 2006
CONTEXT: Thyroid nodules and goiter are common, and fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) is the first investigation of choice in distinguishing benign from malignant disease. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to assess whether simple clinical and biochemical parameters can predict the likelihood of thyroid malignancy in subjects undergoing FNAB. ...
Enăchescu Viorela - - 2006
Ultrasonography is a useful tool for diagnosis diseases of the thyroid gland. The method is reliable, inexpensive and of high diagnostic efficiency. The structural information provided by the ultrasound technique complements the results of laboratory tests and other in-vivo techniques. The article reviews the indications, the accuracy and the usefulness ...
Aron Manju - - 2006
Galectin-3 is a 31kD beta-galactoside binding lectin, which is known to be expressed in various neoplasms including thyroid tumors. This study was conducted to study the role of galectin-3 in differentiating benign from malignant thyroid nodules onfine needle aspirates (FNAC). Galectin-3 immuocytochemistry was performed in 70 cases with adequate smears. ...
Suster Saul - - 2006
Tumors of the thyroid characterized by a follicular growth pattern constitute the most common type of lesion of this organ encountered by pathologists. The vast majority of such lesions do not pose difficulties for histopathologic interpretation. A subset of these tumors, however, can represent a serious challenge for diagnosis. Thyroid ...
Schmit Grant D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To report an unusual case of inferior laryngeal paraganglioma that manifested as a thyroid neoplasm. METHODS: A case report is presented, including ultra-sonographic, surgical, histologic, and immunohistochemical findings, and diagnostic and therapeutic strategies are discussed. RESULTS: In a 33-year-old man with a mass in the left side of his ...
Park I-H - - 2006
Thyroid hemiagenesis is a rare abnormality in which one thyroid lobe fails to develop. Most of the patients diagnosed have an associated thyroid disease. We report the case of a 32-year-old woman who presented with a left thyroid mass which had been gradually increasing in size over a period of ...
Kwak Jin Young - - 2006
A 52-year-old man presented with a palpable left neck mass that had been present for several months. A sonogram showed a 2-cm hypoechoic mass with internal coarse macrocalcifications in the left lobe of the thyroid gland. CT revealed a well-demarcated hypodense mass within the left thyroid lobe. A left thyroidectomy ...
Baloch Zubair W - - 2007
Follicular-patterned lesions of the thyroid are common; these include hyperplastic/adenomatoid nodules, follicular adenoma, follicular carcinoma and follicular variants of papillary carcinoma. Most of these lesions can be diagnosed with ease; however, there is a controversial subgroup. In this review, we present our diagnostic approach based on our experience with the ...
Fan Song-Qing - - 2008
We report a case of congenital benign thyroid teratoma in an 11-month-old male infant who was found to have right thyroid gland mass since birth. The tumor was 25 x 20 x 15 mm with whole thin capsule and could be easily dissected from the surrounding normal thyroid tissue at ...
Niedziela M - - 2006
According to the literature thyroid nodules are quite rare in the first two decades of life. However, there are some exceptions, relating to areas with an iodine deficiency or affected by radioactive fallout, where the risk of nodules and carcinomas is increased. Therefore, it is a great challenge for the ...
Rossi E D - - 2006
The histological diagnosis is critical for the postsurgical management and follow-up of thyroid malignancies. The differential diagnosis between papillary carcinoma and hyperfunctioning lesions, either with papillary hyperplasia or with a follicular architecture, can create real diagnostic difficulty. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of several antibodies ...
Cerutti Janete M - - 2006
PURPOSE: Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology, a standard method for thyroid nodule diagnosis, cannot distinguish between benign follicular thyroid adenoma (FTA) and malignant follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC). Previously, using expression profiling, we found that a combination of transcript expression levels from DDIT3, ARG2, C1orf24, and ITM1 distinguished between FTA and FTC. ...
Melck A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate the cancer risk of patient clinicopathologic characteristics to determine the optimal approach for the surgical management of individuals with Hurthle cell neoplasm (HN) diagnosed by cytology. METHODS: Patient clinicopathologic characteristics evaluated included age, sex, tumor size, and ipsilateral thyroid lobe nodularity. ...
Kwak Jin Young - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the sonographic findings of Zenker diverticula. METHODS: This study included 6 patients (age, 26-70 years; average, 55.3 years). Three cases were detected incidentally by thyroid sonograms, and 3 cases were transferred from other hospitals for aspiration of a thyroid nodule. All ...
Lanzafame S - - 2006
Malignant lateral cervical cysts can be related to metastatic tumors or rarely to primary thyroid carcinoma arising in branchial cleft cysts. This study evaluates the expression of thyroid-associated transcription factor-1 (TTF-1) and p63 in three branchial cleft cysts and in two primary thyroid papillary carcinoma of branchial cleft cysts. TTF-1 ...
Djemli Anissa - - 2006
Endemic cretinism was noted in alpine Europe as early as the 13th century. However, it was only in 1848 that a commission, sponsored by the King of Sardinia, first formally demonstrated its link to goiter. An important landmark was the publication of a report in 1871 describing several cases of ...
Choi Joon Young - - 2006
In this retrospective study, we investigated whether the (18)F-FDG uptake pattern and CT findings improved the accuracy over the standardized uptake value (SUV) for differentiating benign from malignant focal thyroid lesions incidentally found on (18)F-FDG PET/CT. We also defined the prevalence of these lesions and their risk for cancer. METHODS: ...
Das Dilip K - - 2006
Marginal vacuoles (MVs) or fire-flare appearance in May-Grünwald Giemsa stained fine needle aspiration (FNA) smears was initially described as a distinctive feature of thyrotoxic goiter in hyperthyroidism, but was subsequently found in various nontoxic thyroid lesions, both non-neoplastic and neoplastic. Although these MVs have been characterized as dilated endoplasmic reticulum, ...
Schuerwegh A J - - 2007
A 71-year-old patient was referred for suspected hyperthyroidism because of a 15-kg weight loss, suppressed thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), and a 4-cm nodule in the left thyroid lobe. Both free T4 and T3 were normal. Antithyroglobulin, anti-TSH receptor and antimicrosomal antibodies were absent. Thyroid scintigraphy showed a cold nodule in ...
Ghander C - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Struma ovarii is a rare ovarian germ-cell tumor containing thyroid tissue. We report an unusual case of incidental diagnosis of struma ovarii after thyroidectomy for thyroid cancer. CASE: A 24-year-old woman presented with a papillary thyroid carcinoma (pT3N1). After (131)I administration for thyroid remnant ablation, whole-body scan showed a ...
Goldani Luciano Z - - 2006
The authors review the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and treatment of fungal thyroiditis cases previously reported in the medical literature. Aspergillus was by far the most common cause of fungal thyroiditis. Immunocompromised patients, such as those with leukemia, lymphoma, autoimmune diseases, and organ-transplant patients on pharmacological immunosuppression were particularly at ...
Baloch Zubair W - - 2006
Thyroid microcarcinoma, defined as a thyroid tumor measuring 1 cm or less, is an extremely indolent tumor. Papillary microcarcinoma, the most common subtype, is often identified incidentally in a thyroid removed for benign clinical nodules or diffuse processes (eg, thyroiditis). In this clinical situation, over 99% are cured by simple ...
Zivaljevic V - - 2006
Papillary carcinoma arising in a thyroglossal duct cyst is a rare tumor. We report the case of 64-year-old man treated for thyroglossal duct cyst. Preoperatively, the thyroid gland was normal on physical examination and imaging studies. The Sistrunk procedure was done. The histopathological examination revealed thyroid papillary carcinoma. Postoperatively thyroid ...
Ko Alvin B - - 2006
Branchial cleftlike cysts of the thyroid gland are rare lesions. Although initially described in patients with chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, these cysts have been reported in a variety of histologic settings. We present 2 case studies, 1 in a 30-year-old woman and 1 in a 50-year-old man. The mode of presentation ...
Michal Michal - - 2006
Presented herein is the case of a 65-year-old man with a 20 year history of thyroid hypofunction. On sonography a cystic lesion 4 x 4 x 5 cm in largest diameter was found, replacing most of the right lobe of the thyroid gland. Microscopically, the lesion was composed of labyrinth-like ...
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