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Results 301 - 350 of 1723
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El Demellawy Dina - - 2008
ABSTRACT: Papillary carcinoma of the thyroid (PTC) is the commonest thyroid cancer. In the recent decades an obvious increase in the incidence of PTC has occurred. The pathological diagnosis of PTC is usually an easy diagnosis in the majority of cases. However since the introduction of follicular variant of PTC ...
Chakraborty Jayati - - 2008
A 40-year-old woman presented with a scalp swelling. A careful clinical examination revealed a left-sided deep-seated thyroid nodule. Fine needle aspiration from both sites disclosed a microfollicular architectural pattern on Giemsa stain and pale nuclei with nuclear grooves on Papanicolaou stain, indicating the possibility of follicular variant of papillary thyroid ...
Maheshwari Veena - - 2008
Lymphatic filariasis is a major health problem in tropical countries including India. Despite its high incidence it is difficult to find microfilariae in blood and fine-needle aspirates due to the nocturnal periodicity of species endemic in India. Lymphatic filariasis can manifest as asymptomatic microfilaremia, hydrocele, lymphangitis, and lymphadenitis. The presence ...
Roldán-Valadez E - - 2008
An 82-year-old female patient with hypothyroidism and Hashimoto's thyroiditis noted three years ago to have a small asymmetric goiter (left > right). Nevertheless, a rapid growth of the thyroid over 3-6 months caused dysphagia and shortness of breath. Ultrasound and a thyroid gammagram showed an image consistent with multinodular goiter ...
Tom Andrea - - 2008
A 20-year-old Somali woman presented with a tender, enlarging neck mass in the setting of weight loss and tachycardia. This was initially thought to be a thyroid storm. On further investigation, she had suppurative thyroiditis from Mycobacterium tuberculosis. This case illustrates a high prevalence of extrapulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in foreign-born ...
Al-Nahhas A - - 2008
The diagnosis of carcinoma of the thyroid is usually made in the process of investigating a thyroid nodule with clinical examination, Technetium-99m scan, ultrasonography and fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytology. The follow-up is mainly based on 123-iodine and 131-iodine scans and serum thyroglogulin measurement. The aim of the present review was ...
Saleh Husain A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compare the utility of Thin-Prep (TP) cytologic preparation with that of Cell Block (CB) preparation in the diagnosis of thyroid lesions, mainly follicular epithelial lesions, by fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB). Feasibility of using the TP slides for immunocytochemical stains is also ...
Bucerius Jan - - 2008
Papillary carcinoma is the most common malignancy of the thyroid gland with initial lymphogenic metastatic spread in many cases. Hematogenous spread may affect the lung, bone and brain. We present a case of hematogenous metastases of papillary thyroid carcinoma both in the choroid and the skin, which are reported in ...
Mori Kiyoshi - - 2008
A 54-year-old man was admitted to the hospital presenting with a 3-month history of sclerosing dermal lesion in the external genitalia. A scrotal skin biopsy revealed a poorly-differentiated adenocarcinoma, immunohistochemically positive for cytokeratin 7 (CK7) and for thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1), and negative for CK20. One month after admission, ...
PaƟcanu Ionela - - 2008
Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of the thyroid, although not perfect, is considered currently the best preoperative method in establishing malignancy in a thyroid nodule. We report the case of an 8-year-old girl with a thyroid mass in the right thyroid lobe. Endocrine investigations revealed subclinical hypothyroidism and high titer of ...
Kini Sangeeta - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Occult thyroid malignancies presenting with secondary neck masses as the first clinical manifestation is well known. Although rare, medullary carcinoma serves a potential source for lymph node metastases. The characteristic cytomorphology of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) should clinch the diagnosis. Further, fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of the ultrasonography-detected ...
Pal Indranil - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To present a rare case of calcified thyroid cyst with discharging neck sinus and its probable explanation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 75-year-old male patient presented to the outpatients department who had had thyroid swelling for the last 50 years and a discharging neck sinus from the swelling with ulceration ...
Yuzbasioglu Mehmet Fatih - - 2008
We report a rare event of old hemorrhage into a thyroid causing respiratory distress. A 67-year-old man with chronic cough and recent dysphagia was found to have a retrosternal mass extending into the visceral mediastinum on chest roentgenogram. A computed tomographic (CT) scan confirmed eggshell callcification, which was 53 x ...
Sakairi Yuichi - - 2008
A solitary metastatic tumor from thyroid papillary carcinoma is rarely diagnosed preoperatively. A 61-year-old woman was referred to us for investigation of a solitary nodule in the right lung field on a chest X-ray, several years after a right hemithyroidectomy for thyroid carcinoma. Endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) of ...
Chi Hung-Sheng - - 2007
Branchial cleft cysts are the most common lesions in lateral neck cysts, predominantly occurring in the fourth decade of life and without sexual propensity. Rare branchial cleft cysts are associated with malignant tumors metastatic from the oral cavity, nasal cavity, pharynx or thyroid gland. Occult thyroid papillary carcinomas often present ...
Kwak Jin Young - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the sonographic findings of primary thyroid lymphoma and evaluate the role of ultrasound-guided biopsy in diagnosing thyroid lymphoma. METHODS: This study included 6 patients (age range, 56-72 years; mean, 62.5 years). We searched the database of our institution and retrospectively collected ...
Kwak Jin Young - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this presentation is to illustrate the normal sonographic anatomy of the anterior neck region and the sonographic findings of various kinds of extrathyroid lesions. METHODS: Cases of extrathyroid lesions were collected and reviewed retrospectively from our archives. All of the sonographic examinations were performed with high-frequency ...
Calder Kenneth B - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The diagnosis of Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) can be rather challenging; therefore, the immunohistochemical profile is important in confirming the microscopic diagnosis. Characteristic of the neuroendocrine and epithelial differentiation of MCC, antibodies to cytokeratin (CK) 20, CK7, epithelial membrane antigen, and neuron-specific enolase among others, are used in confirming ...
Sato Katsuaki - - 2008
We present a rare case of adenomatous nodule with bizarre nuclei. The patient was incidentally found to have a nodule in the left lobe of the thyroid gland by ultrasonographic examination. Papillary thyroid carcinoma was suspected by fine needle aspiration cytology, and hemithyroidectomy was performed. The demarcated 1.5-cm nodule had ...
Fontaine J-F - - 2008
Conventional histology failed to classify part of non-medullary thyroid lesions as either benign or malignant. The group of tumours of uncertain malignancy (T-UM) concerns either atypical follicular adenomas or the recently called 'tumours of uncertain malignant potential'. To refine this classification we analysed microarray data from 93 follicular thyroid tumours: ...
Avila Alfredo - - 2009
A 40-year-old woman presented with a rapidly enlarging palpable thyroid mass. The patient underwent a total thyroidectomy. The tumor fulfilled the criteria of primary solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma (SEP), including cellular expression of the CD138 and lambda light chain antibodies. Solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma of the thyroid occurs most commonly in patients ...
Frau Daniela V - - 2008
Differentiated carcinomas of the thyroid are divided into follicular thyroid carcinoma and papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), based on their propensity to invade and their cytological features [papillary carcinoma-type nuclear changes (PTC-NCs)]. PTC typically exhibits a diploid karyotype sometimes with inv10(q11.2q21.2), leading to rearranged RET gene. Follicular thyroid carcinomas are often ...
Poller D N - - 2008
This article reviews recent developments in thyroid fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). While thyroid nodules are common, carcinoma is comparatively rare. Although histological assessment is used in most studies as the benchmark, the differential diagnosis on cytology or histology is not always reproducible. The literature shows wide variations in criteria ...
Shin Jung Hee - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the sonographic findings of recurrent tumors and nonrecurrent lesions mimicking recurrent tumors in the surgical bed after thyroidectomy for thyroid cancer. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients who underwent sonography and sonographically guided fine-needle aspiration for evaluation of abnormal lesions in the surgical bed ...
Gopan Thottathil - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To report a case of recurrent acute suppurative thyroiditis (AST) caused by a piriform sinus fistula (PSF). METHODS: We review the related literature and describe the clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation, and management of a patient with recurrent AST due to PSF. RESULTS: A 50-year-old woman presented with recurrent episodes ...
Howlett David C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the potential importance and need for further investigation of thyroid lesions detected during imaging investigations unrelated to the thyroid gland (thyroid incidentalomas). The management of these lesions is controversial because most malignancies detected will be papillary microcarcinomas, which will not manifest ...
Mete Ozgür - - 2007
A 54-year-old woman who had undergone total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral adnexial resection because of endometrial carcinosarcoma presented with thyrotoxicosis, rapidly enlarging neck mass, right cervical tenderness to the ears, palpitation, swelling and heat intolerance, 3 years after the operation. Her serum thyroid hormone levels confirmed hyperthyroidism. Triiodothyronine/thyroxine ratio was ...
Doganay Melike - - 2008
Struma ovarii is a rare form of ovarian neoplasm and its malignant transformation is even rarer. Because of its rarity, there is no consensus about its diagnosis and management in the literature. A 53-year-old woman with left adnexial mass underwent total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oopherectomy. Postoperatively, she was diagnosed ...
Hooft L - - 2008
Distinguishing malignant thyroid nodules in patients with follicular cytology by fine-needle aspiration (FNA) remains problematic. The large majority of thyroid nodules (> 85%) are overtreated. Therefore, a clear need exists to develop more accurate initial diagnostic tests for follicular thyroid nodules. Galectin-3 is the most recent promising marker to aid ...
Gharib Hossein - - 2007
In the general population, thyroid nodules are found in 5% by palpation and in 50% by ultrasonography (US). Initial evaluation of nodules should include serum thyroid-stimulating hormone measurement, fine-needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy, and US. Thyroid micronodules are being detected with increasing frequency and are currently evaluated by US-FNA. Routine measurement ...
Pena Pardo F J - - 2007
A 51-year-old woman diagnosed with follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma underwent a total thyroidectomy followed four weeks later by an ablative dose of 3.7 GBq of 131I. A whole body scan 5 days after ablation showed an intense uptake within the thyroid bed and a focal uptake located in ...
King Deanne L - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) whole body positron emission tomography (PET) scan may show clinically occult second lesions. Such lesions in the thyroid are increasingly common. There are several recent reports of a high probability of malignancy in these lesions ranging from 14% to 63%. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: This is a ...
Huang Ting-Shuo - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Only 1 case with dual thyroid ectopy and a normally located thyroid gland has been reported. METHODS: We present the case of a 71-year-old woman who had 1-sided lateral neck swelling in the right submandibular space, which grew and doubled in size within 1 year. A CT scan demonstrated ...
D'Antonio Antonio - - 2007
Mucinous carcinoma of the thyroid gland is an uncommon tumour that from the histological point of view, resembles mucinous carcinoma of others sites. Although a mucinous appearance has sometimes been reported in association with cases of typical thyroid carcinoma, true mucinous carcinoma is exceptionally rare. We describe two cases of ...
Kapur Umesh - - 2007
The significance of making a diagnosis of follicular neoplasm on fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy remains a controversial issue, considering that the diagnosis of follicular carcinoma is based on histological criteria and the significantly decreasing incidence of follicular carcinoma in the general population. On FNA the main differential diagnoses of ...
Camargo Rosalinda Ya - - 2007
PURPOSE:To evaluate the preoperative assessment of thyroid nodules using ultrasound studies and cytology of nodular aspirates. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 2,468 patients with thyroid nodules were examined from 1999 to 2005. All patients were clinically examined and underwent ultrasonography followed by fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) and cytology. RESULTS:Nodules larger than 10 ...
Park Young Joo - - 2007
The distinction between benign and malignant thyroid tumors is critical for the management of patients with thyroid nodules. We applied immunohistochemical staining for galectin-3, HBME-1, cytokeratin 19 (CK19), high molecular weight cytokeratin (HMWCK), cyclin D1 and p27(kip1) in 295 thyroid lesions to determine their diagnostic accuracy. The expression of all ...
Just Pierre-Alexandre - - 2008
Primary muscle tumors of the thyroid gland are exceedingly rare. We report on the case of a patient with primary leiomyosarcoma of the thyroid gland and review the literature. An 83-year-old woman complaining of neuropathic pain in her left arm and enlargement of her anterior neck underwent multiple surgical biopsies ...
Cho Min Ho - - 2007
Riedel's thyroiditis is a rare form of chronic thyroiditis, characterised by a fibroinflammatory process that partially destroys the thyroid and often involves surrounding tissues. The relationship of Riedel's thyroiditis to other forms of thyroiditis is not clear. A case of Riedel's thyroiditis in a 51-year-old woman presenting with symptoms of ...
Radlinsky MaryAnn G - - 2007
Thyroid surgery is indicated for malignant and benign neoplasms or hyperplasia of the thyroid glands. A ventral midline cervical approach allows for bilateral thyroid exploration. Care should be taken to avoid the surrounding neurovascular structures and esophagus. Evaluation of both thyroids should be done before proceeding with partial or complete ...
Ramdas Anita - - 2007
Ectopic cervical thymoma is a rare tumour that probably arises from thymic tissue trapped during the migration of the thymus into the anterior mediastinum from the third and fourth pharyngeal pouches. As it occurs in the region of the thyroid gland it mimics thyroid lesions and can cause confusion to ...
Agrawal Archi Ramesh - - 2007
We report an unusual case of metastasis to the masticator space from a poorly differentiated carcinoma of the thyroid. A 34-year-old woman presented with a swelling in the left parotid region of 4 to 5 months' duration, which was progressively increasing in size. A CT scan of the head and ...
Mydlarz Wojciech K - - 2007
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To characterize the salient features of skull base metastasis from differentiated thyroid carcinoma, discuss the diagnostic and treatment strategies, and propose rational management guidelines for such tumors. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. METHODS: Review of English literature from MEDLINE with the addition of our case. RESULTS: Skull base metastasis from ...
Sallai Agnes - - 2008
Multiple endocrine neoplasia syndromes (MEN) are genetic disorders with glandular hyperplasia and consecutive malignant neoplasia. MEN type 2B is the least common form of these tumor syndromes. It presents with typical dysmorphic features, mucosal neuromas, ganglioneuromatosis, medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) and phaeochromocytoma. The prognosis depends on the presence of MTC. ...
Evenson Amy - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Hyalinizing trabecular adenoma (HTA) is an uncommon benign thyroid tumor that can present as a solitary thyroid nodule, a prominent nodule in a multinodular goiter, or as an incidental finding in a thyroidectomy specimen. The clinical significance of the lesion is that it is frequently misdiagnosed as papillary carcinoma ...
Lin Jen-Der - - 2007
BACKGROUND: To determine the incidence of cystic change of thyroid cancer detected by ultrasonography and to compare the diagnostic accuracy of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) postultrasonography in solid and cystic thyroid nodules. METHODS: This retrospective study collected data for 6219 patients with thyroid nodules. Mean patient age was 49.7 +/- ...
Miller Matthew C - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Routine use of intraoperative pathologic examination (IOPE), including frozen section (FS) and scrape preparation cytology (SPC), during diagnostic thyroid lobectomy continues to be a source of controversy. We sought to better delineate the usefulness and cost-benefit ratio of IOPE in the context of cytologically diagnosed cellular follicular lesion (CFL) ...
Foukakis Theodoros - - 2007
The diagnosis of follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) in the absence of metastasis can only be established postoperatively. Moreover, high-risk FTCs are often not identifiable at the time of diagnosis. In this study, we aimed to identify transcriptional markers of malignancy and high-risk disease in follicular thyroid tumors. The expression levels ...
Yano Yukiko - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Thyroid paragangliomas are rare tumors, and both preoperative and postoperative differential diagnosis is difficult. We report the case of a 24-year-old man with a thyroid paraganglioma and the ultrasonographic imaging, histologic, and immunohistochemical findings. DESIGN: The patient presented with an asymptomatic thyroid nodule. An ultrasonogram showed a 3-cm-diameter solid ...
Rago T - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Elastography is a newly developed dynamic technique that uses ultrasound (US) to provide an estimation of tissue stiffness by measuring the degree of distortion under the application of an external force. US elastography has been applied to differentiate malignant from benign lesions. PATIENTS: This study included 92 consecutive patients ...
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