Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1724
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Michal Michal - - 2006
Presented herein is the case of a 65-year-old man with a 20 year history of thyroid hypofunction. On sonography a cystic lesion 4 x 4 x 5 cm in largest diameter was found, replacing most of the right lobe of the thyroid gland. Microscopically, the lesion was composed of labyrinth-like ...
Chu Quyen D - - 2006
An incidental finding of focal thyroid uptake (thyroid incidentaloma) from an 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) positron presents a diagnostic challenge. We evaluated the incidence of thyroid incidentaloma identified by PET scans and the likelihood of malignancy associated with this finding. Records from all patients from January 1, 2000 to ...
Isildak Mehlika - - 2006
Neoplasms of the thyroid include types that range from indolent, localized papillary carcinomas to lethal anaplastic disease. Hurthle cell neoplasm is a histopathologic subtype that signals poor prognosis. Herein, we present the case of a 72-year-old female patient with multinodular goiter who, although fine needle aspiration biopsy revealed a benign ...
Ruf Juri - - 2006
We report the case of a 59-year-old woman with a history of follicular thyroid cancer who had reoperation for suspected local tumor recurrence as laboratory (tumor marker), imaging findings (ultrasound, I-131 scintigraphy and Tc-99m-MIBI scintigraphy), and also fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology were equivocal. However, postoperative histopathology revealed a parathyroid ...
Reiter Evan R - - 2006
Most paratracheal masses are of thyroid origin. We describe two cases of vocal fold paralysis that were caused by unusual paratracheal masses. In one case, a 35-year-old man was found to have a malignant lymphoma that originated in the mediastinum and extended above the clavicle. The other patient was a ...
Cho Mar K - - 2006
AIMS: To examine expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and related proteins in follicular thyroid lesions (FTLs) and to determine their usefulness for differential diagnosis of FTLs, particularly between minimally invasive carcinoma and adenoma. METHODS AND RESULTS: Six widely invasive follicular carcinomas (WIFCs), 15 minimally invasive follicular carcinomas (MIFCs), 19 follicular ...
Zhumadilov Zhaxybay - - 2006
The risk of radiation-induced nodules is higher than the risk for radiation-induced cancer. Risk factors and specific modifiers of the dose-response relationship may vary among different populations and not be well recognized. Many thyroid studies have considered thyroid nodularity itself, but not specific morphological types of thyroid nodules. There are ...
Peterson Mark E - - 2006
The diagnosis of hyperthyroidism, one of the most common disorders affecting elderly cats, is usually straightforward and considered routine by most practitioners. Nowadays, however, most cats suffering from hyperthyroidism tend to be diagnosed earlier and at a milder stage of the disease than those cats diagnosed 10 to 25 years ...
Berner Aasmund - - 2006
Fine-needle cytology is an effective and accurate diagnostic method for the assessment of thyroid lesions. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of thyroid cytology at a tertiary where cytopathologists with experience in thyroid cytology participate in the procedure and compare it with results in two ...
Wu Ming-Hsun - - 2006
Nodular goiter is a common disease in Taiwan, and substernal or intrathoracic goiters are not infrequent. However, intrathoracic goiters are mainly of the secondary type and primary intrathoracic goiters are rarely seen. We report a 55-year-old woman who was incidentally found to have an ectopic goiter located in the anterior ...
Babcock Diane S - - 2006
Thyroid disease does occur in the pediatric patient, and imaging plays an important role in its evaluation. A review is presented of normal development of the thyroid gland, the technique and indications for thyroid sonography, and key imaging features of congenital thyroid disorders (ectopic or absent thyroid, infantile goiter, thyroglossal ...
Kusinski Michal - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The tetrapeptide Acetyl-Ser-Asp-Lys-Pro (AcSDKP) a physiologic inhibitor of stem-cell proliferation is also known for it's strong angiogenic activity. It has been shown that blood levels of this peptide are increased in some hematological malignancies. However, no data on the concentration of AcSDKP present in solid tumor tissue ...
Benhammou A - - 2006
Ectopic lingual thyroid is an uncommon embryological aberration characterised by the presence of thyroid tissue located in a site other than the normal, pretracheal region. The tongue is the most frequent ectopic location of the thyroid gland; the clinical incidence of lingual thyroid varies between 1:3000 and 1:10,000. We present ...
Ciobanu Delia - - 2006
Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of the thyroid is limited in distinguishing hyperplastic nodular goiter from true follicular neoplasm and in separating follicular adenoma from follicular carcinoma. The present study was done to evaluate if the morphologic and morphometric investigations and silver staining of nucleolar organizer regions (NORs), either alone ...
Baloch Zubair W - - 2006
The hyalinizing trabecular neoplasm (HTN) of the thyroid is an unusual and controversial lesion. Some consider it a peculiar type of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) because of its nuclear features and presence of psammoma bodies. Others consider it an adenoma. Molecular studies have found RET/PTC translocations in some examples, supporting ...
Malle Despoina - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of the ThinPrep Processor (Cytyc Corporation, Boxborough, Massachusetts, U.S.A) in fine needle aspiration (FNA) of thyroid gland lesions. STUDY DESIGN: This study included 459 thyroid FNA specimens obtained from patients who came to our endocrinology department with various thyroid disorders over 3 years. The cytologic ...
Fonseca Elsa - - 2006
The criteria used for the differential diagnosis of well-differentiated thyroid tumors derived from follicular cells are reviewed taking into account the architectural characteristics together with the immunohistochemical and molecular features. The review is focused on follicular carcinoma, papillary carcinoma, follicular variant of papillary carcinoma, and oncocytic (Hürthle cell) tumors, as ...
Musso-Lassalle Sandra - - 2006
Nodular tumor-like squamous metaplasia with Hashimoto's thyroiditis is an exceptional, benign condition presenting diagnostic difficulties for the pathologist. The main differential diagnosis is a sclerosing mucoepidermoid carcinoma (SMC) with eosinophilia. One case arising in a 50-year-old Caucasian man is reported. Histologically, the nodule consisted of large nests of squamous cells ...
Kazemi Majid - - 2006
Thyroglossal duct cysts (TDC) are the most common congenital anomalies of the thyroid gland and less than 1% of them become malignant. The malignancy most often found is papillary carcinoma. The diagnosis is usually made postoperatively. Controversy exists whether TDC are primary or secondary and also as for their treatment ...
Cetik Fikret - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The metastasis of papillary thyroid carcinoma to the parapharyngeal space is rare and discussed in the English literature before. Encountering a parapharyngeal mass with cystic appearance on imaging, one should rule out thyroid malignancy as differential diagnosis. CASE PRESENTATION: The case presented here is a 22-year-old woman who was ...
Siddiqui Ali A - - 2006
CONTEXT: The incidence of tall cell variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma that has metastasized to the pancreas is extremely rare. There has been only one previously reported case of pancreatic metastasis of the tall cell variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma. CASE REPORT: We present the case of a patient who ...
Fumarola Angela - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Thyroid gland derives from one median anlage at the base of the tongue, and from the two fourth branchial pouches. A number of anomalies may occur during their migration. These can be in form of ectopic tissues, which are frequently found along the course of thyroglossal duct and rarely ...
Maly Alexander - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Neuroendocrine tumor metastatic to the thyroid gland is rare and may be difficult to differentiate from primary thyroid neuroendocrine tumors, such as medullary thyroid carcinoma (M/ITC). This report describes an unusual case of bronchial carcinoid metastatic to the thyroid diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC). CASE: A 42-year-old ...
Erkiliç Suna - - 2006
Insular carcinoma of the thyroid is a rare neoplasm, constituting less than 5% of all thyroid tumors. It was Carcangiu et al. who first described this tumor, which exhibits an intermediate biologic behavior between well-differentiated and undifferentiated follicular carcinomas, as a distinct clinicopathologic entity. A 63-year-old female patient with thyroid ...
Cochand-Priollet Beatrix - - 2006
The objective of this study was to perform a comparative investigation of the capability of various classifiers in discriminating benign from malignant thyroid lesions. Using May Grunvald-Giemsa-stained smears taken by fine needle aspiration (FNA) and a custom image analysis system, 25 nuclear features describing the size, shape and texture of ...
Androulaki Athina - - 2006
We report the case of a 70-yr-old woman with maltoma of the thyroid, Sjögren's syndrome, and a history of Hashimoto's thyroiditis. The patient underwent a total thyroidectomy for a recently growing mass of the thyroid, while being treated with L-thyroxine for Hashimoto's thyroiditis. Postoperatively, routine histologic examination was consistent with ...
Savin Svetlana - - 2006
Thyroperoxidase (TPO) is a thyroid-specific enzyme expressed by differentiated thyroid cells. Initial immunohistochemical studies claimed that TPO expression, detected by the monoclonal antibody mAb 47, may be a potentially important diagnostic tool in differentiating malignant from benign lesions. However, some recent studies have failed to reproduce the earlier results, suggesting ...
Dusková J - - 2006
The new (2004) WHO Classification of Tumours of the Thyroid and Parathyroid Gland exhibits both formal and contentual changes compared to the previous one from the year 1988. Comparing both texts we have tried to apply the new norm to some recent diagnostic tasks. The classification of poorly differentiated and ...
Kuo Sheng-Fong - - 2006
Plasmacytomas of the thyroid are uncommon. A 19-year-old female presented with a palpable, 3.5-cm-diameter mass in the right thyroid lobe. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) showed that lymphoma cells were likely. The patient underwent a right lobectomy. Final haematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining of the tumour confirmed a diagnosis of thyroid ...
Gharib Hossein - - 2006
Thyroid nodules are common and are frequently benign. Current data suggest that the prevalence of palpable thyroid nodules is 3% to 7% in North America; the prevalence is as high as 50% based on ultrasonography (US) or autopsy data. The introduction of sensitive thyrotropin (thyroid-stimulating hormone or TSH) assays, the ...
Rados Jaka - - 2006
Reports on clinical and histologic follicular alterations in patients previously diagnosed with mycosis fungoides (MF) or at the time of MF diagnosis are rare. The clinical and histologic criteria to distinguish MF associated with follicular mucinosis from follicular MF are a matter of debate. A patient is described with advanced ...
Deveci M Salih - - 2006
The differential diagnosis of a follicular lesion/neoplasm in thyroid FNA specimens includes hyperplastic/adenomatoid nodule, follicular adenoma and carcinoma, and follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma. In our laboratory we separate follicular lesions of thyroid into hyperplastic/adenomatoid nodule (HN), follicular neoplasm (FON) and follicular derived neoplasm with focal nuclear features suspicious ...
Bozbora Alp - - 2005
Clinically significant metastases to the thyroid gland are very rare; however, they can present as the initial malignancy. The authors report a 53-year-old man who underwent surgery for malignant melanoma 5 years earlier, and recently presented with a thyroid nodule that turned out to be a metastasis of the primary ...
Hassan I - - 2005
Hemangioendotheliomas of the thyroid are neoplasms that are rarely encountered in the Alpine region in Europe. The endemic goiter in this iodine-deficient region can be considered as a predisposing factor. We report the second case of an epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) of the thyroid gland and the first clinical case with ...
Elisei Rossella - - 2005
Struma ovarii (SO) is usually asymptomatic and only in a few cases it is associated with thyrotoxicosis. The presurgical diagnosis is very uncommon. In the majority of cases a pelvic mass is discovered at physical examination or by abdominal ultrasound. Only the hystopathologic examination is able to reveal the characteristic ...
Anton Rose C - - 2005
CONTEXT: Preoperative fine-needle aspiration of thyroid lesions has greatly diminished the need for surgical evaluation. However, because thyroid nodules are common lesions, many still require surgical intervention and represent a substantial number of cases that the pathologist encounters in the frozen section laboratory. OBJECTIVE: Comprehensive reviews of frozen section indications, ...
Bockhorn Maximilian - - 2005
The wide variety of rare histologic variants of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) may make the differential diagnosis difficult. Pathologic examination of the resected specimen will not always be able to confirm the diagnosis, leaving the surgeon with an uncertainty as to what type of resection is best for the patient. ...
Rosen Jennifer - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Thyroid nodules are common; fine-needle aspirations commonly are read as indeterminate, necessitating surgery to exclude carcinoma. We developed a 6-gene array-based predictor model to diagnose benign versus malignant thyroid lesions. In this study, we verified whether quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) using this model reliably can differentiate benign ...
Pérez-Martínez A - - 2005
Thyroglossal duct cysts can be found in several different locations, although intra-thyroid presentations are rare. We present the case of an 11-year-old patient with a visible neck mass on the right thyroid lobe. On sonogram, it was consistent with a unilocular cyst measuring 2 centimeters in diameter. The cyst did ...
Sheils Orla - - 2005
Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common thyroid malignancy, with an incidence of approximately 22,000 cases in 2004 in the USA. Incidence is increasing, with a global estimate of half a million new cases this year. PTC is found in a variety of morphologic variants, usually grows slowly and ...
Malani Ashok Kumar - - 2005
We present a patient with colon carcinoma metastatic to the thyroid. Review of the literature reveals only a few reports of metastatic colorectal carcinoma to the thyroid. Metastatic tumors of the thyroid are no longer considered rare. Unfortunately, they often remain undetected because only a small minority of patients present ...
Giorgadze Tamar A - - 2005
The histologic distinction of follicular patterned lesions of thyroid, that is follicular adenoma, follicular carcinoma, and the follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma can be extremely difficult. The differential diagnostic criteria regarding nuclear features of papillary thyroid carcinoma are subjective, resulting in high interobserver variability. Although papillary thyroid carcinoma metastasizes ...
Wang Sheng-Lan - - 2005
Differential diagnosis of follicular adenoma (FA) and follicular carcinoma (FC) of the thyroid can be challenging in the routine practice of surgical pathology because the diagnosis of FC is strictly defined and identification depends on the presence of invasion of the capsule or blood vessels. These features may be equivocally ...
Langer Jill E - - 2005
The purpose of this report is to describe the imaging appearance of granulomatous inflammation in the neck presenting as a late complication in patients who have undergone thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Granulomatous inflammation can occur as a palpable mass in the operative bed of asymptomatic patients who have undergone ...
Nishihara Eijun - - 2005
A case of thyrotoxicosis caused by acute suppurative thyroiditis after repeated fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is described. A 39-year-old woman with atopic dermatitis showed rapid enlargement of a left thyroid cyst after a third FNA. She had a high fever, painful swelling of the left thyroid, and elevated thyroid hormone levels. ...
de Matos P S - - 2005
AIMS: To investigate the usefulness of immunohistochemical expression and immunolocalization of a panel of thyroid malignancy markers including HBME-1, cytokeratin (CK) 19 and galectin-3. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated 170 thyroid lesions including 148 neoplastic lesions [84 papillary carcinomas (PC), 38 follicular carcinomas (FC), 18 follicular adenomas, one hyalinizing trabecular ...
Basu S - - 2005
Secondary neoplasm of the thyroid mimicking a primary thyroid lesion is a rare finding, especially in an individual without a past history of malignancy. A case of squamous cell carcinoma metastatic to the thyroid (presenting as a solitary thyroid nodule), who had an unsuspected primary in the esophagus is described. ...
Salanci Bilge Volkan - - 2005
Thyroid scintigraphy using Tc-99m pertechnetate is a frequently performed procedure in routine nuclear medicine practice. The indications for thyroid scintigraphy are investigation of hyperthyroidism, nodularity of the gland, cause of thyroid stimulating hormone elevation and localization of an ectopic thyroid gland. In the pediatric population, the most common request is ...
Kuffner Haruko A - - 2005
A 43-year-old woman presented with a mass in her left axilla, which was surgically excised. Histologically, the tissue was a reactive lymph node with adjacent thyroid follicular tissue. The differential diagnosis included benign ectopic thyroid versus metastatic well-differentiated follicular-derived thyroid carcinoma. Because of the possibility of carcinoma, the patient underwent ...
Nguyen Ba D - - 2005
Unusual features of iodine-131 uptake during thyroid cancer scintigraphy may lead to a false-positive diagnosis of residual or recurrent malignancy and associated metastasis. Radiographic or cross-sectional imaging correlation should help to differentiate truly functioning thyroid lesions from physiological or artifactual tracer accumulation. The authors present a case of iodine-131 mediastinal ...
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