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Results 601 - 650 of 1285
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Macpherson C N L - - 2003
The last 30 years have seen an impressive use of ultrasonography (US) in many fields of veterinary and clinical medicine and the technique is being increasingly applied to a wide variety of parasitic infections including the cestode zoonoses Echinococcus granulosus and E. multilocularis. US provides real-time results which are permanently ...
Yalçin Ebru - - 2002
Hydatidosis in the lungs is unusual, and a cardiac localization occurs rarely. We report a child with cardiac hydatid cyst that developed during albendazole treatment for preceding multiple pulmonary hydatid lesions. The cardiac lesion was treated by surgical excision, and the pulmonary cysts improved with a combination of praziquantel and ...
Mulhern M - - 2002
In this article, the authors describe the technique, indications and contra-indications for removing various periorbital lesions with an endoscope. The principal reason for using this technique is the excellent postoperative cosmesis. Seven patients in total had lesions removed in this manner. The only complication noted was some leakage of the ...
Kurul Ismail Cüneyt - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Hydatid disease is endemic in many countries throughout the world. Although we do not have exact figures, the disease is prevalent in Turkey. A considerable number of patients have additional liver cysts as well. In this study we reviewed our experience with hydatid disease of the lung and liver ...
Al Zain T J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Multiple intracranial hydatidosis (MIH) is a rare disease, with serious neurological manifestations, high recurrence and a mortality rate comparable sometimes to malignant disease. The causes of multiple infestations and their mechanisms are not clearly understood. Several attempts at classification are reported in the literature, but the diversity in location ...
Vallianatos Panagiotis G - - 2002
Bone lesions are present in 1% to 2% of cases of hydatid disease. Hydatid synovitis can usually be identified due to secondary extension from the adjacent bone, or infrequently after hematogenous spread. We present an extremely rare case of hydatid synovitis without bony involvement. A 74-year-old man with diagnosed hydatid ...
Stopper Geffrey F - - 2002
We used trematode cyst infestation to induce limb deformities in two species of frogs of the genus Rana and compared them to deformities induced by surgical limb bud rotations. The specific deformities produced by both treatments closely resemble those of wild-caught deformed amphibians and are consistent with a known developmental ...
Guney Onder - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: An unusual case of hydatid disease is reported. Review of the pertinent literature did not reveal any hydatid disease located simultaneously in both the intracranial and submandibular glands. This is the first case with hydatid disease occurring in both locations at the same time. STUDY DESIGN: The case of ...
Eroğlu Atilla - - 2002
Hydatid disease remains a serious health problem for the Mediterranean countries, such as Turkey. Living in a rural area is an important risk factor for the disease. Hydatid cysts are usually located in the liver, lung, and brain. Mediastinal hydatid disease is very rare that have been only anecdotally in ...
Kayaalp Cuneyt - - 2002
Several methods of reducing the likelihood of spilling live scolices during surgical removal of hydatid liver disease have been described. The aim was to determine the effectiveness and safety of laparoscopic trocar insertion for evacuation of hydatid liver cysts. This technique was used for 30 cysts in 19 patients who ...
Aydin Mehmet Dumlu - - 2002
An 18-year-old male patient with a hepatic hydatic cyst was admitted with cephalgia and gait disturbances. Radiological examination showed a cystic lesion in his liver and four cystic masses, 2-8 mm in diameter, in the right lateral brain ventricle. All cysts were removed without rupture by way of a right ...
Lahdhili Hatem - - 2002
Hydatid pulmonary embolism is an uncommon condition resulting from the rupture of a hydatid heart cyst or the opening of a visceral hydatid cyst (often in the liver) into the venous circulation. We report a case of hydatid pulmonary embolism following rupture of a hydatic cyst in the right ventricle. ...
Malamou-Mitsi Vassilik - - 2002
Echinococcosis is an endemic disease, most common in sheep-raising communities, usually caused by the larval or cyst stage of the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. Isolated cardiac hydatid cyst is uncommon at any age, occurs through the coronary circulation, and accounts for less than 3% of all hydatid disease. We describe a ...
Okan Vahap - - 2002
A 26 year old woman with ascites was admitted for further investigations. A diagnosis of hydatid cyst disease was suggested on the basis of a combination of abdominal ultrasonography, computerised tomography and latex agglutination tests. This diagnosis was confirmed following surgical intervention. Hydatid cyst disease is a rare cause of ...
Rongioletti F - - 2002
Steatocystoma multiplex is a rare, autosomal dominant condition characterized by multiple cysts, usually arising on the trunk and proximal extremities at puberty. We present two unrelated women with sporadic steatocystoma multiplex strictly confined to the vulva and arising at an older age. These cases represent an unusual localized form of ...
Andronikou Savvas - - 2002
BACKGROUND: In endemic regions, hydatid disease is commoner in children than in adults. The hydatid cysts may have classic appearances, but unusual sites and appearances may cause diagnostic difficulties. OBJECTIVE: To assess the classic and unusual appearances of hydatid disease in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 3-year retrospective review of ...
Inal Mehmet - - 2002
The most common and serious complication of hydatid cyst of the liver is rupture into the biliary tract causing obstructive jaundice, cholangitis and abscess. The traditional treatment of biliary-cystic fistula is surgery and recently endoscopic sphincterotomy. We report a case of complex heterogeneous cyst rupture into the biliary tract causing ...
Navsaria P H - - 2002
Rupture of liver hydatid cysts usually occurs spontaneously. However, it should be considered in the differential diagnosis of the acute abdomen following trauma in endemic areas. Simple cystectomy and lavage with scolicidal solution is the procedure of choice. Coupled with pharmacological therapy and long-term follow-up, a low recurrence rate can ...
Garg Monika - - 2002
The metabolite patterns obtained by ex vivo proton MR spectroscopy of fluid from different locations of hydatid cysts of sheep and humans (n = 16) and cysticercus cysts of swine and humans (n = 25) were compared with an objective of differentiating the two parasites on the basis of their ...
Gerazounis M - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: A bronchobiliary fistula (BBF) is a rare complication of echinococcosis due to rupture of hydatid cysts located at the upper surface of the liver to the bronchial tree. We present our experience in treating this uncommon and dangerous entity. MATERIAL: During the last 20 years, 21 patients, ten men ...
Theodoropoulos G - - 2002
The prevalence of parasitic infections responsible for the condemnation of carcasses and viscera during meat inspection, and their economic implication, was estimated in a year long abattoir survey of 10 277 slaughtered farm animals in the region of Trikala, Greece. The organs examined for the presence of parasitic lesions during ...
Garg Monika - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Hydatid cysts, the larvae of the parasite Echinococcus granulosus, may lodge in any organ of intermediate hosts, namely, man and sheep. Complete cyst removal is the treatment of choice; however, spillage of fertile cysts during surgery leads to disease recurrence that may be prevented by preoperative detection of the ...
Bhat S - - 2002
Transdiaphragmatic extension of hydatid cyst (HC) or cystic echinococcosis (CE) of the liver is a rare phenomenon. We report a case that presented as a right middle lobe consolidation. The diagnosis of transdiaphragmatic extension of hepatic hydatid cyst was suspected on CT scan of the chest and abdomen, and confirmed ...
Betharia S M - - 2002
Orbital hydatid disease is rare, even in endemic areas. We present a case of disseminated hydatid disease involving the orbit, spleen, lung and liver in a lady aged 35 years. Based on a typical clinical presentation, presence of eosinophilia, a positive indirect haemagglutination test for hydatid disease and presence of ...
Alexiadis G - - 2002
We present a rare case of primary muscular hydatidosis in the left thigh of a 40-year-old female patient. US, CT and MR imaging showed a typical multilocular hydatid cyst deep in the vastus intermedius and vastus medialis muscles. Histopathological examination, which followed surgical excision, established the diagnosis of echinococcus cyst.
Bateman Beverley S - - 2002
A 5-year-old German shepherd was evaluated after collapsing at home following a week of lethargy and anorexia. Systemic blastomycosis was diagnosed histologically at necropsy. Diagnosis and treatment were difficult due to unusual neurological symptoms, the absence of abnormalities on diagnostic tests, and the advanced stage of the disease at presentation.
Keskin D - - 2002
Primary muscle hydatidosis is very rare. Rupture and spreading of the cyst contents by improper handling may later cause secondary cyst or allergic reactions. Preoperative recognition of a hydatid cyst is therefore critical. It often presents as a soft-tissue mass, however, and pre-operative recognition of this rare entity is clearly ...
Tarhan N C - - 2002
Hydatid cysts of the musculoskeletal system are rare. Unusual magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of an infected primary hydatid cyst of the biceps femoris muscle are presented in a 40-year-old man on hemodialysis for chronic renal failure. No daughter cysts were present within the mother cyst cavity, but there was ...
Melis Marcovalerio - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Hydatid cysts may occur in any area of the body, but they usually localize to the liver and the lungs. Primary localization in muscle is not common, accounting for 2-3% of all sites; even rarer is the development of multiple cysts. METHODS: The patient presented with a painless abdominal ...
Proaño-Narvaez J V - - 2002
Neurocysticercosis is a common disease in underdeveloped countries. Its diagnosis is based on clinical, imaging (tomography or magnetic resonance), epidemiological, and laboratory data. Several methods based on the detection of antibodies against cysticerci in cerebrospinal fluid or serum have been tested. Among them, an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) based on ...
O'Hara Amanda J - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this paper is to report the development of extensive, gingival eruption cyst formation in neonatal dogs during chronic administration of cyclosporine, which regressed after treatment ceased. MATERIALS AND METHODS: As part of an investigation of the efficacy of adenoviral-mediated gene therapy in a canine model of ...
Karadereler Selhan - - 2002
Spinal hydatid cyst is a rare but serious condition. An 8-year-old boy presented with back pain, progressive weakness and numbness in both legs. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the lumbar region showed a cystic lesion with regular contour located in extradural space. There was cerebrospinal fluid- (CSF-) like signal intensity ...
Sakarya M Emin - - 2002
We report a case of a 23-year-old man with a cardiac hydatid cyst involving the left ventricle wall. The diagnosis of the cyst was obtained by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. He was operated on for cardiac hydatid cyst using enucleation and capitonnage procedure under extracorporeal circulation. Histopathologic study confirmed hydatid ...
Ceyran H - - 2002
One of the important unfavorable events that occur during the course of the cardiac hydatid cyst is rupture of the cyst and embolism of the germinative membrane. Peripheral arterial embolism of this germinative membrane is uncommon but is a potential risk due to the nature of the disease. Ruptured cardiac ...
Dwivedi M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Due to improvements in imaging techniques and immunodiagnostic methods there has been a spurt of cases of hepatic hydatidosis. Till now surgical management in the form of marsupialization and tube drainage, omentoplasty or hepatectomy was the mainstay of treatment. Recently treatment options have improved considerably after introduction of the ...
Warmann S - - 2002
Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a zoonotic infection caused by echinococcus granulosus and is still frequent in endemic areas. CE is predominantly localised in the liver. The therapy of choice is the surgical sanitation of the lesions, increasingly through interventional procedures such as percutaneous punctation of the cysts, aspiration of the ...
Shuhua Xiao - - 2002
The anthelminthic drug, albendazole (Abz), was reformulated in a soybean oil emulsion and evaluated as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis in mice. Abz emulsified with 30% soybean oil (AbzE-30) resulted in higher circulating plasma concentrations of the major bioactive Abz metabolite, Abz sulfoxide ...
Capoğlu I - - 2002
Echinococcosis, although eradicated in many countries, is still widespread in communities in which agriculture is dominant, and cystic hydatidosis is a significant public health problem in regions where echinococcosis is endemic. Hydatid cysts may be found in almost any part of the body, but most often in the liver and ...
Ozyazicioğlu Ahmet - - 2002
Three patients diagnosed with hydatid cysts of the heart underwent surgical treatment. The cysts were enucleated and the cavities were closed in 2 cases by plication and obliteration. In one case, the cystic cavity was closed with biologic glue. The outcome was satisfactory in all 3 patients. Postoperative treatment with ...
Sardana Kabir - - 2002
A 30-year-old male presented with multiple, yellowish to skin-colored, firm to soft nodules on the forehead, temple, postauricular area and neck for the previous seven years. Examination of the scalp revealed a single, soft, cystic swelling on the occiput and the patient complained of occasional discharge from two, 0.1 x ...
Kumar R - - 2002
Intrabiliary rupture is the most common complication of hepatic hydatid cyst yet it is unusual, occurring in only 3-17% of cases. The diagnosis is rarely difficult on ultrasound and CT when typical radiological features are present. In rare cases of complete evacuation, when characteristic findings of hydatid cyst are absent ...
Garcia Kelly D - - 2002
An adult female olive baboon was shipped to the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) from another institution and placed in quarantine. This baboon had been wild-caught approximately 1 year earlier. Initial quarantine examination at UIC revealed tachypnea and an elevated white blood cell count. Intradermal tests for tuberculosis were ...
Kayaalp Cuneyt - - 2002
HYPOTHESIS: Cyst content in hydatid liver surgery is a determinant of postoperative cavity-related complications. DESIGN: Cohort analytic study. SETTING: Referral public hospital. PATIENTS: Sixty-seven patients who had conservative surgery for hydatid liver disease were analyzed prospectively. Cysts were grouped as to the contents. Cysts containing bile and/or pus were considered ...
Rajagopal K V - - 2002
A 48-year-old woman presented with clinical features suggestive of an obstruction of the inferior vena cava (IVC). Abdominal sonography showed a 15- x 14-cm cystic mass involving the medial segment of the left hepatic lobe and the anterior segment of the right hepatic lobe. We visualized multiple intracystic floating membranes, ...
Dede Suat - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Hydatid disease in pregnancy is a rare condition, with an incidence of 1/20,000 pregnancies. Although the female reproductive system is a rare site for hydatid disease, various obstetric and gynecologic presentations have been reported. CASE: A 31-year-old multipara was evaluated due to obstructed labor. Sonographic evaluation revealed an 18-cm ...
Akal Murat - - 2002
Hydatid cysts in the cervical region are extremely rare. We report herein a case with a hydatid cyst that was primarily located in the posterior cervical triangle without any pulmonary or hepatic involvement. A hydatid cyst of the neck should be considered in the differential diagnosis of lesions in the ...
Ma K C - - 2002
We report nine cases of suspected pentastomiasis from China, and propose that diagnosis of this rare parasitic disease should be made aetio-pathologically, subaetio-pathologically, and presumptively. In none of our cases' lesions we could find either a whole or part of an embedded nymph; hence, no aetio-pathologic diagnosis of pentastomid infection ...
Tetik Omer - - 2002
A 25-year-old woman, pregnant for 38 weeks, was admitted to our clinic with dyspnea. Transthoracic echocardiography revealed a large cyst that originated from the left side of the interventricular septum, decreasing left ventricular volume and almost entirely obstructing the left ventricular outflow tract. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging confirmed a grade ...
Cosentino Carlos - - 2002
Movement disorders due to basal ganglia involvement by neurocysticercosis are rarely seen. To evaluate the frequency of basal ganglia location of cysticercotic cysts and its clinical manifestations, baseline MRI scans of 120 consecutive patients with active neurocysticercosis were reviewed and the presence and number of active cysticercosis lesions (viable cysts ...
Vasileios Rombis - - 2003
Solitary echinococcal cysts of the seminal vesicles are very uncommon. The use of ultrasonography, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging aids considerably in the differential diagnosis. Surgical removal of pelvic echinococcal cysts should be performed with great caution to avoid accidental puncture and parasite spillage in the retroperitoneal space. We ...
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