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Fiorenza Luca L Earth Sciences, University of New England, Armidale, NSW 2351, - - 2014
Neanderthals have been commonly depicted as top predators who met their nutritional needs by focusing entirely on meat. This information mostly derives from faunal assemblage analyses and stable isotope studies: methods that tend to underestimate plant consumption and overestimate the intake of animal proteins. Several studies in fact demonstrate that ...
Gao Fang F Food, Nutrition and Health Program, Faculty of Land and Food Systems, The Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z4, Canada; Dept. of Chemistry, The Univ. of British Columbia, British Columbia, V6T 1Z1, - - 2014
We integrated molecularly imprinted polymers with surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (MIPs-SERS) to develop an innovative nano-biosensor for the determination of chloramphenicol (CAP) in milk and honey products. Template molecule (CAP), functional monomer (acrylamide), cross-linking agent (ethylene glycol dimethacrylate), initiator (2,2'-azobis(isobutyronitrile)), and porogen (methanol) were employed to form MIPs via "dummy" precipitation ...
Herceg Zoran Z Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Pierottijeva 6, 10000, Zagreb, - - 2014
The aim of this paper was to investigate and compare two non-thermal techniques in the inactivation of moulds. High power ultrasound (20 kHz) and non-thermal gas phase plasma treatments were studied in the inactivation of selected moulds. Aspergillus spp. and Penicillium spp. were chosen as the most common mould present ...
Handayani Lita L Food Science Study Program, Department of Food Science and Technology, Bogor Agricultural University, Campus IPB Darmaga, P.O. Box 220, Bogor 16002, - - 2014
Staphylococcus aureus is a known pathogen causing intoxication by producing enterotoxins in food. Staphylococcal enterotoxin A is one of the enterotoxins commonly implicated in staphylococcal food poisoning. The ability of crude alkaloid extract from papaya leaves to inhibit the growth of S. aureus and staphylococcal enterotoxin A synthesis was investigated. ...
Rasmussen Lone B LB Division of Nutrition, National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark,Mørkhøj Bygade - - 2014
Fortification with the essential trace element iodine is widespread worldwide. In the present study, results on iodine excretion and intake of iodine-rich foods from a cross-sectional study carried out in 2004-5, 4 to 5 years after the implementation of mandatory iodine fortification, were compared with data in a study carried ...
Fiorenza Luca L Division of Earth Sciences, School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales 2351, - - 2014
Neanderthals have been traditionally considered at the top of the food chain with a diet mostly consisting of animal proteins. New findings challenged this view and suggested that Neanderthals living in areas with more favourable climatic conditions exploited various food sources, including plant materials. In this study, the attention is ...
Pastorelli A A AA Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Istituto Superiore di Sanità, Rome, - - 2014
Background/objectives:Salt iodization is one of the preferred strategies to eradicate iodine-deficiency disorders worldwide. The aim of this study was (i) to estimate the daily iodine intake in the Italian population, (ii) to verify whether the recently recommended salt intake of 5 g/day in adults and less in children may be sufficient ...
- - 2014
Recent studies have shown that there are detectable levels of arsenic (As) in rice, rice food products, and apple juice. This has created significant concern to the public, the food industry, and various regulatory bodies. Classic test methods typically measure total As and are unable to differentiate the various As ...
Zhao Yang Y UCD Institute of Food and Health, University College Dublin,Dublin 4,Republic of - - 2014
Vitamin E is believed to play a preventive role in diseases associated with oxidative stress. The aims of the present study were to quantify vitamin E intake levels and plasma concentrations and to assess dietary vitamin E adequacy in Irish adults. Intake data from the National Adult Nutrition Survey were ...
Alonso Rodrigo R Department of Immunology, Microbiology and Parasitology, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), Paseo de la Universidad 7, Vitoria-Gasteiz 01006, - - 2014
The emerging pathogen Arcobacter butzleri is being increasingly isolated from different animal food products but the routes of its transmission to human are not well established yet. Typing methods would be useful in gaining such knowledge. Here we report the great genetic diversity observed among A. butzleri isolates from different ...
Grosshans Martin M Department of Addictive Behavior and Addiction Medicine, Central Institute of Mental Health, Medical Faculty Mannheim, Heidelberg University, Mannheim, - - 2014
Obesity has emerged as a leading health threat but its biological basis remains insufficiently known, hampering the search for novel treatments. Here, we study oleoylethanolamide, a naturally occurring lipid that has been clearly implicated in weight regulation in animals. However, its role for weight regulation and obesity in humans is ...
Gaspar Ana Luisa Camolezi AL Faculdade de Tecnologia de Marília, Avenida Castro Alves, 62, Bairro Somenzari, CEP: 17506-000 Marília, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2015
Microbial transglutaminase (MTGase) is an enzyme of the class of transferases widely known to modify protein functional properties in food systems. The main mechanisms of action involved are polymerisations, which result in changes in the molecule's hydrophobicity. Among the functional properties, MTGase affects solubility and hence gelation, emulsification, foaming, viscosity ...
Su Xiaomeng X School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guangxi University for Nationalities, Key Laboratory of Chemistry and Engineering of Forest Products, Nanning, Guangxi 530008, - - 2015
Core-shell magnetic molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) nanoparticles (NPs), in which a Rhodamine B-imprinted layer was coated on Fe3O4 NPs. were synthesized. First, Fe3O4 NPs were prepared by a coprecipitation method. Then, amino-modified Fe3O4 NPs (Fe3O4@SiO2-NH2) was prepared. Finally, the MIPs were coated on the Fe3O4@SiO2-NH2 surface by the copolymerization with ...
McGavigan A K AK Section of Investigative Medicine, Imperial College London, London, - - 2014
BackgroundHigh protein diets promote weight loss and subsequent weight maintenance but are difficult to adhere to. The mechanisms by which protein exerts these effects remain unclear. However, the amino acids produced by protein digestion may play a role in driving protein-induced satiety.MethodsWe tested the effects of a range of amino ...
Nouri-Ellouz Oumèma O Institut Préparatoire aux Etudes d'Ingénieurs de Sfax, Département de Biologie et Géologie, BP 1172, 3018, Sfax, - - 2014
Potato tubers from the STBd somatic hybrid line that exhibited improved tolerance to salinity and resistance to fungal and PVY infections were characterized. They were compared for their chemical composition to the Spunta variety produced by conventional agronomic practices. This study aimed to compare nutritional value and safety by feeding ...
Martini Mina M Dipartimento di Scienze Veterinarie, Università di Pisa, Pisa, 56100 Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Milk nutritional characteristics are especially interesting when donkey milk is aimed at consumption by children and the elderly. The aim of this study was to monitor the nutritional quality of Amiata donkey milk during lactation and productive season to provide information on the milk characteristics and to study action plans ...
Pavlovic Melanie M Bavarian Health and Food Safety Authority, Veterinaerstr. 2, 85764 Oberschleißheim, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this study, food-borne yeast isolates (n=96), comprising at least 33 species, were identified using MALDI-TOF MS and conventional methods (API ID 32 C and Phoenix Yeast ID). Discrepancies of both methods were resolved by sequencing the ITS1-5.8S-rRNA-ITS2 region. For ten isolates, mainly classified to Rhodotorula and Trichosporon species, no ...
Orosz Susan E SE Bird & Exotic Pet Wellness Center, 5166 Monroe Street, Toledo, OH 43623, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Psittacine birds eat plant-based foods. Birds in the wild seem to be able to balance their energy needs, amino acids, and calcium. Companion birds in captivity do not do as well when self-selecting, and balanced diets are needed to improve their general health. A nutritional history is important to determine ...
Cunsolo Vincenzo V Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Catania, Viale A. Doria, 6, I-95125, Catania, - - 2014
In the last decades, the continuous and rapid evolution of proteomic approaches has provided an efficient platform for the characterization of food-derived proteins. Particularly, the impressive increasing in performance and versatility of the MS instrumentation has contributed to the development of new analytical strategies for proteins, evidencing how MS arguably ...
Mekonnen Tizazu T Biorefining Conversions and Fermentations Laboratory, University of Alberta , Edmonton , - - 2014
Abstract Over the past decades, strong global demand for industrial chemicals, raw materials and energy has been driven by rapid industrialization and population growth across the world. In this context, long-term environmental sustainability demands the development of sustainable strategies of resource utilization. The agricultural sector is a major source of ...
Ali Nurshad N Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors (IfADo), Ardeystrasse 67, D-44139, Dortmund, Germany; Department of Biochemistry, Gonoshasthaya Samaj Vittik Medical College and Hospital, Savar-1344, Dhaka, - - 2014
Ochratoxin A (OTA), a mycotoxin known for its nephrotoxic, immunotoxic and carcinogenic effects in animals, deserves attention due to its widespread occurrence as food and feed contaminant. Studies in many countries report the presence of OTA in human blood plasma or serum at variable levels. However, no biomonitoring study has ...
Spelbrink Robin Eric Jacobus RE AVEBEweg 1, 9607 PT, Foxhol, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Pectin methylesterase was extracted from potato tubers and partially purified in a single chromatographic step at large industrial scale. The preparation obtained in this way matched the temperature and pH profile of the species reported earlier by Puri et al. (Food Chemistry 8:203-213, 1982) and was enriched 23 times relative ...
Franck Kristina T KT Microbiological Diagnostics & Virology, Statens Serum Institut, 2300 Copenhagen, Denmark Research Unit for Clinical Microbiology, University of Southern Denmark, 5000 Odense, Denmark - - 2014
 Norovirus is the predominant cause of foodborne disease outbreaks. Virus contamination may occur during all steps of food processing from production to preparation and serving. The relative importance of these different routes of contamination is unknown.  The purpose of this study was to estimate the proportions of outbreaks caused by ...
Alam M R MR a United Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology , Fuchu , 183-5809 , - - 2014
Abstract 1. Growing chickens decrease their voluntary food intake when they receive a diet deficient in a single essential amino acid. Our previous studies suggest that the decreased food intake was associated with some metabolic changes. 2. In order to reveal the involvement of plasma lysine fluctuations in the reduction ...
Liu Na N a College of Agriculture and Bioresources , The University of Saskatchewan , 51 Campus Drive, Saskatoon , Canada , S7N - - 2014
Ultraspatially resolved synchrotron radiation based infrared microspectroscopy is able to detect the structure features of a food or feed tissue at cellular and molecular levels. However, to date, this advanced synchrotron-based technique is almost unknown to food and feed scientists. The objective of this article was to introduce this novel ...
Iwobi A A Bavarian Health and Food Safety Authority, Veterinaerstrasse 2, 85764, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2015
One popular staple food in many lands is minced meat, traditionally prepared from beef and/or pork fractions. While beef is the more expensive of the two meat fractions, the possibility exists for manufacturers to fraudulently declare higher proportions of it. Additionally, the need exists to protect consumers who, out of ...
Leufroy Axelle A University of Paris-Est, Anses, Maisons-Alfort Laboratory for Food Safety, Department of Chemical Contaminants in Food, Metallic Trace Elements and Minerals Unit, Maisons-Alfort, - - 2015
Pacific Island populations show some of the highest incidences of thyroid cancer in the world, and iodine deficiency is suspected to play a role. Iodine content was determined in 124 different French Polynesian food samples using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry after alkaline digestion. For samples containing starch, the method was ...
Vasantha K Y KY Fermentation Technology and Bio engineering Department, Central Food Technological Research Institute, Mysore, 500020 - - 2014
Tyrosinase, in the presence of oxygen, is the main culprit in post harvest browning of food products, resulting in the drop in its commercial value. In an effort to seek natural tyrosinase inhibitors for food applications, a screening programme was undertaken. Of the 26 fungal cultures isolated from soil samples ...
Shao Yanchun Y State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, People's Republic of - - 2014
The genus of Monascus was nominated by van Tieghem in 1884, but its fermented product-red mold rice (RMR), namely red yeast rice, has been used as folk medicines, food colorants, and fermentation starters for more than thousands of years in oriental countries. Nowadays, RMR is widely developed as food supplements ...
Deluca Hector F HF Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison , Madison, WI, - - 2014
Before the twentieth century, it was not possible to describe the essentials of a diet that could support life, growth and reproduction of higher animals. The discovery of vitamin A by McCollum and Davis in 1913 ushered in the era of accessory food substances culminating in the achievement of that ...
Liu Jin J Institute for Food & Bioresource Engineering, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China. - - 2014
Astaxanthin (3,3'-dihydroxy-β,β-carotene-4,4'-dione), a high-value ketocarotenoid with a broad range of applications in food, feed, nutraceutical, and pharmaceutical industries, has been gaining great attention from science and the public in recent years. The green microalgae Haematococcus pluvialis and Chlorella zofingiensis represent the most promising producers of natural astaxanthin. Although H. pluvialis ...
Lim Rod S RS Division of Biology and Biological Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, United States of America; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, United States of - - 2014
How animals use sensory information to weigh the risks vs. benefits of behavioral decisions remains poorly understood. Inter-male aggression is triggered when animals perceive both the presence of an appetitive resource, such as food or females, and of competing conspecific males. How such signals are detected and integrated to control ...
Baiano Antonietta A Department of Agricultural Sciences, Food and Environment, University of Foggia, Via Napoli, 25-71122 Foggia, Italy. - - 2014
Food wastes are produced by a variety of sources, ranging from agricultural operations to household consumption. About 38% occurs during food processing. At present, the European Union legislation encourages the exploitation of co-products. This valorisation can be achieved through the extraction of high-value components such as proteins, polysaccharides, fibres, flavour ...
Pahr Sandra S Division of Immunopathology, Department of Pathophysiology and Allergy Research, Center of Pathophysiology, Infectiology and Immunology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria; Christian Doppler Laboratory for the Development of Allergen Chips, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
Wheat is an important staple food and potent allergen source. Recently, we isolated a cDNA coding for wheat alpha-purothionin which is recognized by wheat food allergic patients at risk for severe wheat-induced allergy. The purpose of the present study was the biochemical, biophysical and IgE epitope characterization of recombinant alpha-purothionin. ...
Zioła-Frankowska Anetta A Department of Water and Soil Analysis, Faculty of Chemistry, Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Umultowska 89b, 61-614 Poznań, - - 2014
The determination of boron by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry has been carried in water-soluble and acid soluble (total content) fractions of 36 samples of traditional black tea and fruit brew. The estimation of the impact of the type of tea on the concentration of boron in water-soluble and acid ...
Verly-Jr Eliseu E Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Social Medicine, Rio de Janeiro State University, Rio de Janeiro, - - 2014
A reduction in homocysteine concentration due to the use of supplemental folic acid is well recognized, although evidence of the same effect for natural folate sources, such as fruits and vegetables (FV), is lacking. The traditional statistical analysis approaches do not provide further information. As an alternative, quantile regression allows ...
Lai Jun S JS School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, New South Wales 2308, Australia. - - 2014
Background: Validation of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) is important, as inaccurate and imprecise information may affect the association between dietary exposure and health outcomes. Objective: This study assessed the validity of the Older Australian's FFQ against plasma carotenoids and Vitamin E. Methods: A random subsample (n = 150) of ...
Matjuskova Natalya N Faculty of Biology, University of Latvia, Kronvalda Blvd 4, Riga, Latvia - - 2014
Shiitake medicinal mushroom, Lentinus edodes is among the most widely cultivated edible mushrooms in the world and is a well-studied source of nutrients and biologically active compounds. We have studied the influence of the dietary supplement of the polysaccharides containing a hot water extract of the mushroom. L. edodes on ...
Raman Lakshmi - - 2013
Four studies examined children's and adults' beliefs about the impact of nutrition on growth and mood states. In Studies 1 and 2, 271 participants (preschoolers through adults) judged the impact of healthy and unhealthy nutrition on height and weight. In Studies 3 and 4, 267 participants judged the impact of ...
Harris Constance - - 2013
2013 marks the 50th annual Drew festival in Uto City, Japan, celebrating the work of University of Manchester botanist, Dr. Kathleen Drew-Baker. Her insight into the reproductive biology of algae was the key to efficient farming of the seaweed "nori" which is a familiar component of Japanese food.
Bokulich Nicholas A NA Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California, Davis, California, - - 2013
Brewing beer involves microbial activity at every stage, from raw material production and malting to stability in the package. Most of these activities are desirable, as beer is the result of a traditional food fermentation, but others represent threats to the quality of the final product and must be controlled ...
Gany Francesca F Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and the Department of Medicine, Center for Immigrant Health and Cancer Disparities, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, - - 2013
Rates of food insecurity are high among medically underserved patients. We analyzed food pantry responsiveness to the needs of medically ill cancer patients in New York City with the intent ofidentifying barriers to available food resources. Our data, collected from 60 pantries, suggest that the emergency food system is currently ...
Monti Manuela - - 2013
The egg, a fantastic little laboratory of molecular biology, has played a crucial role in redefining modern biology by moving it from the description of living things to the synthesis of living things (synthetic biology). Over the centuries, many hypotheses have been advanced concerning the egg's role in reproduction - ...
Peng Judy - - 2013
Biotechnology Journal announces our second biotechnology essay competition with the theme "biotechnology and sustainable food practices", open to all undergraduate students.
Muñoz-Leal S - - 2013
Philodryas chamissonis, the Chilean long-tailed snake, is a diurnal predator mainly of Liolaemus lizards, but also of amphibians, birds, rodents and juvenile rabbits. Dromiciops gliroides (Colocolo opossum) is an arboreal marsupial endemic of temperate rainforest of southern South America. Little information is available about this marsupial's biology and ecology. Here ...
Utne-Palm A C - - 2013
Preliminary results obtained from histological analyses of the male reproductive organs, supplemented with field and behavioural data, indicate that Sufflogobius bibarbatus, a small, slow growing gobiid exhibiting low fecundity, which plays an important role in the food web off Namibia, where large areas of the shelf are hypoxic, spawns demersally. ...
Desimone John A - - 2013
This article is based on proceedings from the Symposium on Sodium in the Food Supply: Challenges and Opportunities, sponsored by the North American Branch of the International Life Sciences Institute, at Experimental Biology 2010 in Anaheim, California. The symposium aimed to address the issue of dietary sodium and its consequences ...
Lazzari Claudio Ricardo CR Institut de Recherche sur la Biologie de l'Insecte, Unité Mixte de Recherche 7261, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université François Rabelais de Tours, France, ToursIndre et Loire, Institut de Recherche sur la Biologie de l'Insecte, Unité Mixte de Recherche 7261, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université François Rabelais de Tours, Tours, Indre et Loire, - - 2013
Many arthropod species have adopted vertebrate blood as their main food source. Blood is rich in nutrients and, except for the presence of parasites, sterile. However, this food source is not freely available, nor is obtaining it devoid of risk. It circulates inside vessels hidden underneath the skin of mobile ...
Safdar Nilofer F NF School of Public Health , Dow University of Health Sciences , OJHA Campus, Suparco Road, Karachi 75270 , - - 2013
Dietary pattern analysis is an epidemiological method designed to consider the complexity of food preferences and diet patterns of populations. Few studies from South Asia have used this methodology to describe population food intake. Our objective was to identify dietary patterns and understand their associations with sociodemographic, anthropometric and life-style ...
Gheibi Nematollah N Cellular and Molecular Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran ; Department of Physiology and Biophysics, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, - - 2013
The concentration of noradrenalin and corticosterone as the two nociception modulators change after fasting or stress situation. The aim of present study was to investigate the effect of food deprivation on formalin-induced nociceptive behaviours and plasma levels of noradrenalin and corticosterone in rats. Food was withdrawn 12, 24 and 48 ...
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