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Orosz Susan E SE Bird & Exotic Pet Wellness Center, 5166 Monroe Street, Toledo, OH 43623, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Psittacine birds eat plant-based foods. Birds in the wild seem to be able to balance their energy needs, amino acids, and calcium. Companion birds in captivity do not do as well when self-selecting, and balanced diets are needed to improve their general health. A nutritional history is important to determine ...
Mekonnen Tizazu T Biorefining Conversions and Fermentations Laboratory, University of Alberta , Edmonton , - - 2014
Abstract Over the past decades, strong global demand for industrial chemicals, raw materials and energy has been driven by rapid industrialization and population growth across the world. In this context, long-term environmental sustainability demands the development of sustainable strategies of resource utilization. The agricultural sector is a major source of ...
Spelbrink Robin Eric Jacobus RE AVEBEweg 1, 9607 PT, Foxhol, The Netherlands, - - 2014
Pectin methylesterase was extracted from potato tubers and partially purified in a single chromatographic step at large industrial scale. The preparation obtained in this way matched the temperature and pH profile of the species reported earlier by Puri et al. (Food Chemistry 8:203-213, 1982) and was enriched 23 times relative ...
Ali Nurshad N Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors (IfADo), Ardeystrasse 67, D-44139, Dortmund, Germany; Department of Biochemistry, Gonoshasthaya Samaj Vittik Medical College and Hospital, Savar-1344, Dhaka, - - 2014
Ochratoxin A (OTA), a mycotoxin known for its nephrotoxic, immunotoxic and carcinogenic effects in animals, deserves attention due to its widespread occurrence as food and feed contaminant. Studies in many countries report the presence of OTA in human blood plasma or serum at variable levels. However, no biomonitoring study has ...
Franck Kristina T KT Microbiological Diagnostics & Virology, Statens Serum Institut, 2300 Copenhagen, Denmark Research Unit for Clinical Microbiology, University of Southern Denmark, 5000 Odense, Denmark - - 2014
 Norovirus is the predominant cause of foodborne disease outbreaks. Virus contamination may occur during all steps of food processing from production to preparation and serving. The relative importance of these different routes of contamination is unknown.  The purpose of this study was to estimate the proportions of outbreaks caused by ...
Alam M R MR a United Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology , Fuchu , 183-5809 , - - 2014
Abstract 1. Growing chickens decrease their voluntary food intake when they receive a diet deficient in a single essential amino acid. Our previous studies suggest that the decreased food intake was associated with some metabolic changes. 2. In order to reveal the involvement of plasma lysine fluctuations in the reduction ...
Liu Na N a College of Agriculture and Bioresources , The University of Saskatchewan , 51 Campus Drive, Saskatoon , Canada , S7N - - 2014
Ultraspatially resolved synchrotron radiation based infrared microspectroscopy is able to detect the structure features of a food or feed tissue at cellular and molecular levels. However, to date, this advanced synchrotron-based technique is almost unknown to food and feed scientists. The objective of this article was to introduce this novel ...
Shao Yanchun Y State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, People's Republic of - - 2014
The genus of Monascus was nominated by van Tieghem in 1884, but its fermented product-red mold rice (RMR), namely red yeast rice, has been used as folk medicines, food colorants, and fermentation starters for more than thousands of years in oriental countries. Nowadays, RMR is widely developed as food supplements ...
Deluca Hector F HF Department of Biochemistry, University of Wisconsin-Madison , Madison, WI, - - 2014
Before the twentieth century, it was not possible to describe the essentials of a diet that could support life, growth and reproduction of higher animals. The discovery of vitamin A by McCollum and Davis in 1913 ushered in the era of accessory food substances culminating in the achievement of that ...
Liu Jin J Institute for Food & Bioresource Engineering, College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China. - - 2014
Astaxanthin (3,3'-dihydroxy-β,β-carotene-4,4'-dione), a high-value ketocarotenoid with a broad range of applications in food, feed, nutraceutical, and pharmaceutical industries, has been gaining great attention from science and the public in recent years. The green microalgae Haematococcus pluvialis and Chlorella zofingiensis represent the most promising producers of natural astaxanthin. Although H. pluvialis ...
Lim Rod S RS Division of Biology and Biological Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, United States of America; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, United States of - - 2014
How animals use sensory information to weigh the risks vs. benefits of behavioral decisions remains poorly understood. Inter-male aggression is triggered when animals perceive both the presence of an appetitive resource, such as food or females, and of competing conspecific males. How such signals are detected and integrated to control ...
Raman Lakshmi - - 2013
Four studies examined children's and adults' beliefs about the impact of nutrition on growth and mood states. In Studies 1 and 2, 271 participants (preschoolers through adults) judged the impact of healthy and unhealthy nutrition on height and weight. In Studies 3 and 4, 267 participants judged the impact of ...
Harris Constance - - 2013
2013 marks the 50th annual Drew festival in Uto City, Japan, celebrating the work of University of Manchester botanist, Dr. Kathleen Drew-Baker. Her insight into the reproductive biology of algae was the key to efficient farming of the seaweed "nori" which is a familiar component of Japanese food.
Bokulich Nicholas A NA Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California, Davis, California, - - 2013
Brewing beer involves microbial activity at every stage, from raw material production and malting to stability in the package. Most of these activities are desirable, as beer is the result of a traditional food fermentation, but others represent threats to the quality of the final product and must be controlled ...
Gany Francesca F Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences and the Department of Medicine, Center for Immigrant Health and Cancer Disparities, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, - - 2013
Rates of food insecurity are high among medically underserved patients. We analyzed food pantry responsiveness to the needs of medically ill cancer patients in New York City with the intent ofidentifying barriers to available food resources. Our data, collected from 60 pantries, suggest that the emergency food system is currently ...
Monti Manuela - - 2013
The egg, a fantastic little laboratory of molecular biology, has played a crucial role in redefining modern biology by moving it from the description of living things to the synthesis of living things (synthetic biology). Over the centuries, many hypotheses have been advanced concerning the egg's role in reproduction - ...
Peng Judy - - 2013
Biotechnology Journal announces our second biotechnology essay competition with the theme "biotechnology and sustainable food practices", open to all undergraduate students.
Muñoz-Leal S - - 2013
Philodryas chamissonis, the Chilean long-tailed snake, is a diurnal predator mainly of Liolaemus lizards, but also of amphibians, birds, rodents and juvenile rabbits. Dromiciops gliroides (Colocolo opossum) is an arboreal marsupial endemic of temperate rainforest of southern South America. Little information is available about this marsupial's biology and ecology. Here ...
Utne-Palm A C - - 2013
Preliminary results obtained from histological analyses of the male reproductive organs, supplemented with field and behavioural data, indicate that Sufflogobius bibarbatus, a small, slow growing gobiid exhibiting low fecundity, which plays an important role in the food web off Namibia, where large areas of the shelf are hypoxic, spawns demersally. ...
Desimone John A - - 2013
This article is based on proceedings from the Symposium on Sodium in the Food Supply: Challenges and Opportunities, sponsored by the North American Branch of the International Life Sciences Institute, at Experimental Biology 2010 in Anaheim, California. The symposium aimed to address the issue of dietary sodium and its consequences ...
Lazzari Claudio Ricardo CR Institut de Recherche sur la Biologie de l'Insecte, Unité Mixte de Recherche 7261, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université François Rabelais de Tours, France, ToursIndre et Loire, Institut de Recherche sur la Biologie de l'Insecte, Unité Mixte de Recherche 7261, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Université François Rabelais de Tours, Tours, Indre et Loire, - - 2013
Many arthropod species have adopted vertebrate blood as their main food source. Blood is rich in nutrients and, except for the presence of parasites, sterile. However, this food source is not freely available, nor is obtaining it devoid of risk. It circulates inside vessels hidden underneath the skin of mobile ...
Tsui Emma - - 2012
Research indicates that insufficient emphasis on community collaboration and partnership can thwart innovative community-driven work on the social determinants of health by local health departments. Appreciating the importance of enhancing community participation, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) helped lead the development of the Health ...
Gittelsohn Joel - - 2012
To understand vendor perspectives regarding changes made in 2009 to the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infant, and Children (WIC) food package. Fifty-two in-depth, qualitative interviews with owners or managers of small stores in 8 urban areas across 7 states conducted 6-12 months after the changes. Store owners experienced ...
Lucan Sean C - - 2012
To understand perceived influences on consumption of fruits, vegetables, and fast foods for urban, low-income African Americans. Semi-structured interviews with 33 African American adults from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, using continuous, iterative, thematic analysis. Influences on dietary behaviors that emerged included economic considerations; food characteristics; health concerns and health effects; participants' personal ...
- - 2012
The corresponding author and publisher hereby retract the following articles from publication in the International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition: Hepatoprotective effects on alcoholic liver disease of fermented silkworms with Bacillus subtilis and Aspergillus kawachii Jae-Young Cha, Yong-Soon Kim, Hyung-In Moon, and Young-Su Cho International Journal of Food Sciences ...
Treviño Roberto P - - 2012
Food service directors have a concern that federal reimbursement is not meeting the demands of increasing costs of healthier meals. The purpose of this article is to report the food option changes and the annual revenues and expenses of the school food service environment. The HEALTHY study was a 3-year ...
Pridgeon A - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Workplaces are a key setting for improving the health of employees and influencing the health of the local population. The present study aimed to provide a deeper understanding of the perceptions and views of staff on the drivers and barriers to the provision, promotion and consumption of healthier food ...
Weiser Sheri D SD Division of HIV/AIDS, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), POB 0874, UCSF, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA. - - 2013
Food insecurity, or the uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate, safe foods, has been associated with poor HIV outcomes. There are few data on the extent to which food insecurity impacts patterns of health-care utilization among HIV-infected individuals. We examined whether food insecurity was associated with hospitalizations, Emergency Department (ED) visits, ...
Montuelle Stéphane J - - 2012
Feeding movements are adjusted in response to food properties, and this flexibility is essential for omnivorous predators as food properties vary routinely. In most lizards, prey capture is no longer considered to solely rely on the movements of the feeding structures (jaws, hyolingual apparatus), but instead is understood to require ...
Falomir Zoe - - 2012
Applications for automating the most commonly used dietary surveys in nutritional research, Food Frequency Questionnaires (FFQs) and 24h Dietary Recalls (24HDRs), are reviewed in this paper. A comprehensive search of electronic databases was carried out and findings were classified by a group of experts in nutrition and computer science into: ...
Battault S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D is a nutrient long considered as essential for skeletal health but is now attracting interest from medical and nutritional communities as knowledge emerges of its biological function and its association with decreased risk of many chronic diseases. RESULTS: A question emerges: How much more vitamin D do ...
Grace Delia - - 2012
We evaluated a group-based, participatory training intervention to improve food safety among meat processors and retailers in Bodija Market, Ibadan, Nigeria. An interactive training workshop was held for Butchers Associations' representatives who were selected to pass on information and training to their group. Meat hygiene knowledge, attitude and practice was ...
Collignon Bertrand - - 2012
For collective decisions to be made, the information acquired by experienced individuals about resources' location has to be shared with naïve individuals through recruitment. Here, we investigate the properties of collective responses arising from a leader-based recruitment and a self-organized communication by chemical trails. We develop a generalized model based ...
Lehr Heiner - - 2012
The paper reviews patented and non-patented technologies, methods and solutions in the area of food traceability. It pays special attention to the communication of food safety, authenticity and consumer choice. Twenty eight recent patents are reviewed in the areas of (secure) identification, product freshness indicators, meat traceability, (secure) transport of ...
Boschetti Egisto - - 2012
Food science is a complex domain where modern analytical technologies interact with each other. Named as "Foodomics," this domain assembles a variety of investigational fields such as genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, peptidomics, and metabolomics. All these technologies are at the service of several goals that are essentially dictated by fundamental understanding, ...
Bernstein Melissa - - 2012
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that all Americans aged 60 years and older receive appropriate nutrition care; have access to coordinated, comprehensive food and nutrition services; and receive the benefits of ongoing research to identify the most effective food and nutrition programs, interventions, and ...
Mayer Ashley Bramlett - - 2012
Many undergraduate students are cooking for the first time, and they need to learn safe food practices to reduce their risk of foodborne illness. Social media tools are being utilized to disseminate public health messages, but limited research has been conducted to examine the effectiveness of these tools for food ...
Zoorob Dani - - 2012
Once thought of as a long-term solution to pelvic organ prolapse, currently synthetic mesh augmentation is regarded as a dark area that is being critically assessed by surgeons, hospitals, industry, and most importantly the Food and Drug Administration. The development of midurethral sling kits has revolutionized the surgical treatment of ...
Sisson Susan B - - 2012
The purpose of the current study was to determine the obesogenic practices in all-day child-care centers caring for preschool-aged children. This study used a cross-sectional, self-reported survey mailed to centers across Oklahoma (n=314). Frequency of responses and χ(2) were calculated comparing region and star rating. Items where the majority of ...
Wang Dongxu - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate implementation and effectiveness of nutrition promotion programmes using the health-promoting schools (HPS) approach, to indicate areas where further research is needed and to make recommendations for practice in this field. DESIGN: The searched electronic databases included: CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Health Reference Center, Informit Search, MEDLINE, ProQuest, PsycINFO, ...
Cairns Georgina - - 2012
A case study on interactive digital marketing examined the adequacy of extant policy controls and their underpinning paradigms to constrain the effects of this rapidly emerging practice. Findings were interactive digital marketing is expanding the strategies available to promote products, brands and consumer behaviours. It facilitates relational marketing; the collection ...
Ghasemi Sedigheh - - 2012
While there has been a number of consumers' studies looking at factors that influence individuals' attitudes and behavior toward GM foods, few studies have considered agricultural professionals' intentions in this regard. This study illuminates agricultural professionals' insights toward GM foods in Southwest Iran. A random sample of 262 respondents was ...
Springston Elizabeth E - - 2012
To cite this article: Springston EE, Lau CH, Patel P, Warrier MR, Sohn M-W, Pongracic J, Gupta RS. A brief intervention to improve food allergy knowledge among US pediatricians: lessons learned. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2012: 00. ABSTRACT: Objective:  To evaluate a brief educational tool for pediatricians developed to address known ...
Hilmers Angela - - 2012
Environmental justice is concerned with an equitable distribution of environmental burdens. These burdens comprise immediate health hazards as well as subtle inequities, such as limited access to healthy foods. We reviewed the literature on neighborhood disparities in access to fast-food outlets and convenience stores. Low-income neighborhoods offered greater access to ...
Wojcicki Janet M JM Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94134-0136, USA. - - 2012
The Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 presents an opportunity to change the nutritional quality of foods served in low-income childcare centers, including Head Start centers. Excessive fruit juice consumption is associated with increased risk for obesity. Moreover, there is recent scientific evidence that sucrose consumption without the corresponding fiber, ...
Orencio Pedcris M PM Graduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido, Japan. - - 2013
A coastal community vulnerability index (CCVI) was constructed to evaluate the vulnerability of coastal communities (Buhangin, Pingit, Reserva, Sabang, and Zabali) in the municipality of Baler, Aurora, Philippines. This index was composed of weighted averages of seven vulnerability factors namely geographical, economic and livelihood, food security, environmental, policy and institutional, ...
Gargallo Fernández Manuel - - 2012
This paper is a summary of the Spanish Federation of Nutrition, Food and Dietetics Associations (FESNAD) and the Spanish Association for the Study of Obesity (SEEDO) consensus document on the role of diet in prevention and treatment of overweight and obesity. To prepare this document, and in order to achieve ...
Auchincloss Amy H - - 2012
Access to healthy foods has received increasing attention due to growing prevalence of obesity and diet-related health conditions yet there are major obstacles in characterizing the local food environment. This study developed a method to retrospectively characterize supermarkets for a single historic year, 2005, in 19 counties in 6 states ...
Kugelberg Susanna - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There has been an increasing effort across Europe to develop national policies in food and nutrition during the last decade. However, little is known about how public health nutrition issues get on the public health agenda and the roles individuals have when these agendas are being set. OBJECTIVES: The ...
Mullany Britta - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with food insecurity and household eating patterns among American-Indian families with young children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey among households with young children that were receiving emergency food services. We collected information on food insecurity levels, household eating patterns, experiences with commercial and community food sources and ...
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