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Branum Amy M - - 2012
Among children with food allergy, we aim to describe differences in allergy severity by sociodemographic characteristics and potential differences in healthcare characteristics according to food allergy severity. Using the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health, we identified children with food allergies based on parental report (n = 4,657). Food allergic children were ...
Seiber James N - - 2012
A large part of the research focus on food constituents in the 20th century was toward health-detrimental contaminants-pathogens, toxins, chemical residues, and some food additives. This is reflected in the publications in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry and other journals. This era witnessed the formation of the U.S. ...
Stouffer Daniel B - - 2012
Studies of ecological networks (the web of interactions between species in a community) demonstrate an intricate link between a community's structure and its long-term viability. It remains unclear, however, how much a community's persistence depends on the identities of the species present, or how much the role played by each ...
Kolodziejczyk Julia K - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To summarize the validity and reliability of child/adolescent food frequency questionnaires that assess food and/or food groups. METHODS:: We performed a systematic review of child/adolescent (6-18 years) food frequency questionnaire studies published between January 2001-December 2010 using MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar. Main inclusion criteria were: peer-reviewed, ...
McEntire J J Leavitt Partners, Salt Lake City, UT 84111, USA. - - 2012
Effective food safety and food defense risk communication helps to inform consumers without causing panic and alarm. The Risk Communication Team of the Natl. Center for Food Protection and Defense has developed a list of 11 best practices recommended for effective risk communication. These practices, designed for a food defense ...
Jones S C - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: While children's magazines 'blur the lines' between editorial content and advertising, this medium has escaped the calls for government restrictions that are currently associated with food advertisements aired during children's television programming. The aim of this study was to address significant gaps in the evidence base in relation to ...
Signal Louise N - - 2012
This paper reports on a complex environmental approach to addressing 'wicked' health promotion problems devised to inform policy for enhancing food security and physical activity among Māori, Pacific and low-income people in New Zealand. This multi-phase research utilized literature reviews, focus groups, stakeholder workshops and key informant interviews. Participants included ...
Larsen Laura Krone - - 2012
Scand J Caring Sci; 2012; Patients' lived experiences of a reduced intake of food and drinks during illness: a literature review Aim:  This study aims to identify patients' lived experiences of having a reduced intake of food and drink during illness, through a literature review. Methods:  Scientific studies were selected ...
Dekkers Susan - - 2012
Abstract This manuscript describes the follow-up study of our previous publication on the presence and risks of nanosilica in food. New information on the presence of nanosilica in the gastrointestinal tract is evaluated and information on nanosilica and Synthetic Amorphous Silica (SAS) is compared to asses its relevance for risk ...
Adams Karen - - 2012
The aim of this research was to work collaboratively with an urban Aboriginal community to understand meanings of food and food insecurity and strengthen responses to this issue. The project took place at the Wathaurong Aboriginal Cooperative in Geelong, South Eastern Australia in 2009-2010. Photo-voice research methods were used to ...
Shutts Kristin - - 2012
Developmental psychologists have devoted significant attention to investigating how children learn from others' actions, emotions, and testimony. Yet most of this research has examined children's socially guided learning about artifacts. The present article focuses on a domain that has received limited attention from those interested in the development of social ...
- - 2012
My favorite food is Japanese cuisine. The most important thing I learned from my parents is a love for dedicated and reliable craftsmanship.
Woosley R L - - 2012
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was established as a regulatory agency to protect the public health by ensuring that foods, medications, devices, and many other products are safe, effective, and properly labeled. William Abrams demonstrated that scientists from the pharmaceutical industry and the FDA can work together with ...
Olsen Douglas P - - 2012
Is hiding medicine in food ever ethically justified?
Fry Brian - - 2012
We tested for unintended mercury contamination problems associated with estuarine floodplain restoration projects of the Louisiana coastal zone, USA. Barataria Bay and Breton Sound are two neighboring deltaic estuaries that were isolated by levees from the Mississippi River about 100 years ago. These estuaries recently have been reconnected to the ...
Messner D A - - 2012
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) recently proposed a partial alignment of their respective review processes for new medical products. The proposed "parallel review" not only offers an opportunity for some products to reach the market with Medicare coverage more ...
Schieberle Peter - - 2012
The proper procedures for the measurement of amounts of compounds that may occur in a food or other matrices are presented in this perspective. Factors dealt with include sampling, use of standards, advantages and limitations of chromatographic and other techniques for quantitation, and proper presentation and reporting of data. Such ...
Burks A Wesley - - 2012
Food allergies can result in life-threatening reactions and diminish quality of life. In the last several decades, the prevalence of food allergies has increased in several regions throughout the world. Although more than 170 foods have been identified as being potentially allergenic, a minority of these foods cause the majority ...
Beagan Brenda L - - 2012
Objective. Most research on food, ethnicity and health in Canada is focused on the dietary acculturation of first of second generation migrants. 'Failure' to adopt nutritional guidelines for healthy eating is generally understood as lack of education or persistence of cultural barriers. In this study we explore the meanings of ...
Agarwala Edward K - - 2012
Efficient coding, redundancy reduction, and other information theoretic optimization principles have successfully explained the organization of many biological phenomena, from the physiology of sensory receptive fields to the variability of certain DNA sequence ensembles. Here we examine the hypothesis that behavioral strategies that are optimal for survival must necessarily involve ...
Hashemi Beni Leila - - 2012
While the value of geographic information systems (GIS) is widely applied in public health there have been comparatively few examples of applications that extend to the assessment of risks in food distribution systems. GIS can provide decision makers with strong computing platforms for spatial data management, integration, analysis, querying and ...
Pagano Marc - - 2012
Metazooplankton abundance, biomass (<80μm, 200-500μm and >500μm) and community structure in the Ahe atoll were studied together with their relationships with environmental factors (temperature, salinity, wind) and trophic factors (phytoplankton, bacteria, heterotrophic nanoflagellates (HNF) and ciliates) during three periods in 2008-2009. Meroplankton, mainly bivalve and gastropod larvae, was dominant. Holoplankton ...
Lee Helen - - 2012
In recent years, research and public policy attention has increasingly focused on understanding whether modifiable aspects of the local food environment - the types and composition of food outlets families have proximate access to - are drivers of and potential solutions to the problem of childhood obesity in the United ...
Narwani Anita - - 2012
1. The importance of species diversity for the stability of populations, communities and ecosystem functions is a central question in ecology. 2. Biodiversity experiments have shown that diversity can impact both the average and variability of stocks and rates at these levels of ecological organization in single trophic-level ecosystems. Whether these impacts ...
Chandran Urmila - - 2012
The aim of this paper was to investigate the association between birthweight and prevalence of food allergies using a national sample of US children. Adult report of birthweight and child food allergies were obtained for years 2005-2009 from the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), a cross-sectional household survey of the ...
- - 2012
At present a complex global patchwork of private and public monographs and reference materials is variously available to help ensure the quality of medicines and foods. The relationship of these monographs and reference materials, one to another, frequently is inconsistently understood and documented. This article considers the complexity of monographs ...
Garnweidner Lisa Maria - - 2012
To explore how female immigrants from Africa and Asia perceive the host country's food culture, to identify aspects of their original food culture they considered important to preserve, and to describe how they go about preserving them. Qualitative in-depth interviews. Oslo, Norway. Twenty one female immigrants from 11 African and ...
Mustonen Sari - - 2012
The present study investigated whether the familiarity with and affective responses to foods are predicted by the individual trait food neophobia and by parental education in school children. The cross-sectional data collection involved children (N=208, 8- and 11-year-old) from Helsinki, and their parents. A questionnaire assessing children's food neophobia with ...
Turner Lindsey R - - 2012
To examine the availability of competitive foods in elementary schools. Nationally representative mail-back survey. United States public and private elementary schools during the 2006-2007, 2007-2008, 2008-2009, and 2009-2010 school years. Survey respondents at 2647 public and 1205 private elementary schools. Main Outcome Measure  The availability of foods offered in competitive ...
Trifiletti Elena - - 2012
Salmonellosis is one of the most common foodborne human diseases. The risk of infection can be reduced by communication campaigns. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the efficacy of a food safety message that underlines that eating well-cooked meat is an effective strategy for preventing salmonellosis. The target ...
Jacquier Caroline - - 2012
The rise in obesity in many countries has led to the emergence of nutritional information policies that aim to change people's diets. Changing an individual's diet is an ambitious goal, since numerous factors influence a person's food-choice decisions, many of which are made unconsciously. These frequently subconscious processes should not ...
Epp Tasha - - 2012
This paper reports physical, psychological, and chemical hazards relevant to western Canadian veterinarians as obtained by a self-administered mailed questionnaire. Nine-three percent (750/806) of veterinarians reported some form of injury during the previous 5 years; 17% of respondents (131/791) indicated injuries that resulted in 1 or more days off work. ...
Mister Steven - - 2012
The FDA's draft Guidance on notifications for new dietary ingredients attempts to narrow the scope of "old" dietary ingredients that do not require notification to FDA and repeats some mistakes from the past by going beyond what is required or permitted by the Food, Drug & Cosmetic Act, as amended ...
Tomas-Barberan Francisco A - - 2012
The bioactive compounds in food have been the topic of many articles over the last 20 years, and are among those that have received a higher citation in agriculture and food science journals. With the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, a Symposium ...
Xie Weidong - - 2012
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) formulas have been widely used in China since ancient times to treat certain diseases (e.g., phlegm, dampness and blood stasis). Recently, the effects of these medicines have been increasingly demonstrated to be helpful for hyperlipidemic patients. AIM OF THE STUDY: This manuscript aims to ...
Whitehouse Anne - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to measure the availability of energy-dense foods and sugar-sweetened beverages in pharmacies and to examine differences by pharmacy type and presence of a food policy. DESIGN: Trained research staff visited pharmacies (n 37) to measure shelf space and variety of snacks, candy ...
Pangallo Kristin Claire - - 2012
Polyhalogenated 1'-methyl-1,2'-bipyrroles are natural products that biomagnify into upper trophic levels of marine food webs. Here we demonstrate that they are unusually enriched in 15N (δ15N from +19.3‰ to +28.1‰) relative to other biosynthetic organic compounds measured to date and the mammals from which the compounds were isolated. We argue ...
Kwon Sae Yun - - 2012
Anthropogenic and natural mercury (Hg) contamination have been a major concern in South America since the early 1900s, but it remains unclear whether Hg levels pose a hazard to human health in regions that lack point sources. We studied Hg biomagnification patterns in the food web of Río Las Marías, ...
Webster Eva M - - 2012
Biotransformation is widely recognized as the most important and most uncertain determinant of bioaccumulation. A step-wise method for estimating organism-specific biotransformation half-lives from field observations and using established food web modeling is developed. As a proof of concept, the method is applied to the case of nine polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons ...
Meenakshi J V - - 2012
Using a discrete choice experiment, this paper estimates the willingness to pay for biofortified orange maize in rural Zambia. The study design has five treatment arms, which enable an analysis of the impact of nutrition information, comparing the use of simulated radio versus community leaders in transmitting the nutrition message, ...
Bryan A Lawrence AL - - 2012
Mercury (Hg) is a ubiquitous environmental contaminant that is transferred trophically through aquatic and terrestrial food webs. To better understand the routes of Hg uptake in organisms that rely on both aquatic and terrestrial food resources, we analyzed feather and down samples from nestling wading birds of varying trophic positions ...
Bundschuh Mirco - - 2012
Invertebrate communities of lentic habitats comprise, amongst others, the crustacean Asellus aquaticus (Isopoda) and the turbellarian Dendrocoelum lacteum (Tricladida). Because D. lacteum preferentially preys on A. aquaticus, contaminants introduced into the aquatic environment may affect this predator-prey interaction, finally influencing the performance of the predator. However, no studies investigating implications ...
Verreydt Dino - - 2012
Ecology Letters (2012) ABSTRACT: Dispersal is a major organising force in metacommunities, which may facilitate compositional responses of local communities to environmental change and affect ecosystem function. Organism groups differ widely in their dispersal abilities and their communities are therefore expected to have different adaptive abilities. In mesocosms, we studied ...
Ledoux Elise - - 2012
Previous studies have shown that the job knowledge and prudent knowledge of experienced workers constitute a wealth that needs to be shared in workplaces to promote worker integration, job retention and occupational health and safety. It appears, however, that certain management practices undermine this knowledge sharing process. This case study ...
Cha Ryan - - 2012
To test the feasibility of collecting dietary data from colorectal cancer (CRC) patients in Auckland, New Zealand and to investigate their dietary information needs post-surgery, in terms of current information sources and satisfaction. A food frequency questionnaire was used to collect information on the dietary intake and patterns of patients ...
Levy Michael B - - 2012
Most reports in the medical literature on food allergy mortality are related to peanut and tree nut. There is limited knowledge regarding these reactions and often only a partial medical history is described. To record and characterize all known cases of mortality due to food allergy in Israel occurring during ...
Hernell Olle - - 2012
Foods intended specifically for infants and young children are considered under European community law and are defined in specific commission directives. In principal, these directives conclude that such foods must be safe, have a special composition, be distinguishable from normal foods, be suitable for fulfilling particular nutritional requirements, and should, ...
Keller H - - 2012
Use of modified texture foods (MTF) is common in the geriatric population. There is a potential for increased prevalence of use of MTF due in part to longer survival of persons with dementia, those who have suffered from a stroke, as well as other degenerative diseases that affect chewing and ...
Teevale Tasileta - - 2012
Pacific children and adolescents are burdened with higher prevalences of obesity compared to other groups in New Zealand. Previous research shows Pacific young people purchase their lunch food items significantly more than other groups. The aim of this study is to describe school lunch food consumption patterns and the influences ...
Hartung Thomas - - 2012
The need for a more mechanistic understanding of the ways in which chemicals modulate biological pathways is urgent if we are to identify and better assess safety issues relating to a wide range of substances developed by the pharmaceutical, chemical, agri-bio, and cosmetic industries. Omics technologies provide a valuable opportunity ...
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