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Page Rachel A - - 2012
Predators are often confronted with a broad diversity of potential prey. They rely on cues associated with prey quality and palatability to optimize their hunting success and to avoid consuming toxic prey. Here, we investigate a predator's ability to assess prey cues during capture, handling, and consumption when confronted with ...
Boek Stacey - - 2012
To examine the roles of gender and race in students' determinants of food choices on a college campus. A total of 405 college students participated in a survey entitled "Campus Food: You Tell Us!" Chi-square and logistic regression were used to examine associations between demographics and food choice determinants. Gender ...
Bauer Katherine W KW Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA. - - 2012
We sought to better understand the prevalence and consequences of food insecurity among American Indian families with young children. Parents or caregivers of kindergarten-age children enrolled in the Bright Start study (dyad n=432) living on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota completed a questionnaire on their child's dietary intake, ...
Patel Bhavin N - - 2012
Since the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) statement on mesh in July of 2011, there has been controversy regarding synthetic mesh repairs for vaginal prolapse. In this article, we review the biochemical basis for the use of synthetic mesh in prolapse repair as well as clinical results of anterior ...
Sato Takuya - - 2012
Nematomorph parasites manipulate crickets to enter streams where the parasites reproduce. These manipulated crickets become a substantial food subsidy for stream fishes. We used a field experiment to investigate how this subsidy affects the stream community and ecosystem function. When crickets were available, predatory fish ate fewer benthic invertebrates. The ...
Nagpal Ravinder - - 2012
In the industrialized world, functional foods have become a part of an everyday diet, and are demonstrated to offer potential health benefits beyond the widely accepted nutritional effects. Currently, the most important and frequently used functional food compounds are probiotics and prebiotics, or as they are collectively known as 'Synbiotics'. ...
Leo Harvey L - - 2012
The prevalence of food allergies in the pediatric population has risen significantly in the past decade. School districts and advocacy groups have made progress in developing systematic approaches to address pediatric food allergies; however, the widespread variance in child care settings, organization, and staff training still presents unique challenges. Addressing ...
Allen Julie Ober - - 2012
Objective: Women play a critical role in men's dietary health, but how men think about the nature and mechanisms of their wives' influence on their eating behavior is not well understood. This study examined how African American men described the roles their wives played in shaping their eating behavior. Methods: ...
Wilk Richard - - 2012
While the number of scholars working on the broad topic of food has never been greater, the topic is still divided among numerous disciplines and specialists who do not often communicate with each other. This paper discusses at some of the deep differences between disciplinary approaches, and concludes that food ...
Glanz Karen - - 2012
In-store food marketing can influence food-purchasing behaviors and warrants increased attention given the dramatic rise in obesity. Descriptive and experimental studies of key marketing components have been conducted by consumer scientists, marketing researchers, and public health experts. This review synthesizes research and publications from industry and academic sources and provides ...
Al-Shanafey Saud - - 2012
Persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy (PHHI) is the most common cause of neonatal hypoglycemia. Feeding plays a major role in its management. We evaluated the magnitude of food aversion among our patients with PHHI. A retrospective medical record review was conducted for patients with PHHI managed during the last 15 ...
Hastings Alan - - 2012
[Formula: see text] [ The consumer Ceriodaphnia reticulata. This experiment used a very similar species to the one shown here, namely Ceriodaphnia reticulata. This freshwater cladoceran grazer can consume phytoplankton species that have a maximal axial dimension of upto ∼35 μm. As a result, Pediastrum simplex (CPCC 431), Fragilaria crotonensis (CPCC ...
Pray W Steven - - 2012
Products of unknown safety and efficacy were once referred to as "quackery," and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was empowered to protect public health by preventing their sale and forcing them from the market. However, in 1994, the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act legitimized their sale as ...
Kimmons Joel - - 2012
Health and sustainability guidelines for institutional food service are directed at improving dietary intake and increasing the ecological benefits of the food system. The development and implementation of institutional food service guidelines, such as the Health and Human Services (HHS) and General Services Administration (GSA) Health and Sustainability Guidelines for ...
Harris Diane - - 2012
Farm to Institution (FTI) programs are one approach to align food service operations with health and sustainability guidelines, such as those recently developed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and General Services Administration. Programs and policies that support sourcing local and regional foods for schools, hospitals, faith-based ...
Quagliani Diane - - 2012
Consumers are increasingly interested in food and nutrition information, and the channels for receiving information are expanding at a fast pace. This scenario provides new opportunities for registered dietitians (RDs) to reach diverse audiences with credible nutrition messages. However, it is also more challenging to be heard in an increasingly ...
Miller Lisa M Soederberg - - 2012
Nutrition facts panels (NFPs) contain a rich assortment of nutrition information and are available on most food packages. The importance of this information is potentially even greater among older adults due to their increased risk for diet-related diseases, as well as those with goals for dietary modifications that may impact ...
de Sa Joia - - 2012
Chronic malnutrition in children remains highly prevalent in Laos, particularly among ethnic minority groups. There is limited knowledge of specific nutrition practices among these groups. We explored nutritional status, cultural beliefs and practices of Laos' Khmu ethnic group to inform interventions for undernutrition as part of a Primary Health Care ...
Wong S - - 2012
Study design:A single centre survey.Objectives:The objective of this study is to (1) assess patients' food intake and (2) measure satisfaction with current food provision, as judged by patients and by stakeholders (medical and nursing staff, managers and catering staff).Methods:Standardised questionnaires were used to record food intake over a 24-h period, ...
Benbenek Mary Mescher - - 2012
Purpose.  To explore the dietary factors that contribute to bone health among first generation Somali girls and to determine the social and cultural contexts that shape these health behaviors. Design and Methods.  Findings presented are from a larger, descriptive qualitative study that used a series of focus groups with four ...
Wyker Brett A - - 2012
Application of the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) to Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education (SNAP-Ed) evaluation and development and validation of an evaluation tool used to measure TTM constructs is described. Surveys were collected from parents of children receiving food at Summer Food Service Program sites prior to SNAP-Ed participation. Item analysis ...
- - 2012
This document provides the latest recommendations for evaluation of gestational carriers and intended parents. It incorporates recent information from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US Food and Drug Administration, and the American Association of Tissue Banks, with which all programs offering gestational carrier services must be ...
Soon Jan Mei - - 2012
Research has shown that traditional food safety training programs and strategies to promote hand hygiene increases knowledge of the subject. However, very few studies have been conducted to evaluate the impact of food safety training on food handlers' attitudes about good hand hygiene practices. The objective of this meta-analytical study ...
Nam Young-Do - - 2012
Kochujang is a traditional Korean fermented food that is made with red pepper, glutinous rice, salt, and soybean. Kochujang is fermented by naturally occurring microorganisms through which it obtains various health-promoting properties. In this study, the bacterial diversities of 9 local and 2 commercial brands of kochujang were analyzed with ...
De la Cruz-Góngora Vanessa - - 2012
To assess the use and understanding of the Nutritional information Panel (NIP) of pre-packaged foods by Mexican consumers. A questionnaire and an understanding test for NIP were applied to adult consumers in supermarkets of six cities in the Northern, Central, and Southern regions of Mexico. Data were analyzed by frequencies ...
Kim Kirang - - 2012
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a healthy school tuck shop program, developed as a way of creating a healthy and nutritional school environment, on students' access to healthy foods. Five middle schools and four high schools (775 students) participated in the healthy school tuck ...
Kim Eun Joo - - 2012
The hand hygiene behavior of 400 middle school students (grades 1-3) in Seoul and Gyeonggi-Do was studied to determine how stages of change were affected by food safety education, focusing on hand hygiene and general food safety. Subjects were 51.3% male and 44.3% of study subjects were first graders of ...
Moore Jeffrey C - - 2012
Food ingredient fraud and economically motivated adulteration are emerging risks, but a comprehensive compilation of information about known problematic ingredients and detection methods does not currently exist. The objectives of this research were to collect such information from publicly available articles in scholarly journals and general media, organize into a ...
Reslan Summar - - 2012
Laboratory methods and questionnaires to assess the relative reinforcing value of food (RRV-F) have been developed, but this is the first study to validate an online questionnaire measure of the RRV-F. Participants (281 college students) completed an online survey assessing demographic variables, food preferences, and the RRV-F. A subsample (n=21) ...
Branum Amy M - - 2012
Among children with food allergy, we aim to describe differences in allergy severity by sociodemographic characteristics and potential differences in healthcare characteristics according to food allergy severity. Using the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health, we identified children with food allergies based on parental report (n = 4,657). Food allergic children were ...
Seiber James N - - 2012
A large part of the research focus on food constituents in the 20th century was toward health-detrimental contaminants-pathogens, toxins, chemical residues, and some food additives. This is reflected in the publications in the Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry and other journals. This era witnessed the formation of the U.S. ...
Stouffer Daniel B - - 2012
Studies of ecological networks (the web of interactions between species in a community) demonstrate an intricate link between a community's structure and its long-term viability. It remains unclear, however, how much a community's persistence depends on the identities of the species present, or how much the role played by each ...
Kolodziejczyk Julia K - - 2012
OBJECTIVE:: To summarize the validity and reliability of child/adolescent food frequency questionnaires that assess food and/or food groups. METHODS:: We performed a systematic review of child/adolescent (6-18 years) food frequency questionnaire studies published between January 2001-December 2010 using MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, PsycINFO, and Google Scholar. Main inclusion criteria were: peer-reviewed, ...
McEntire J - - 2012
Effective food safety and food defense risk communication helps to inform consumers without causing panic and alarm. The Risk Communication Team of the Natl. Center for Food Protection and Defense has developed a list of 11 best practices recommended for effective risk communication. These practices, designed for a food defense ...
Jones S C - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: While children's magazines 'blur the lines' between editorial content and advertising, this medium has escaped the calls for government restrictions that are currently associated with food advertisements aired during children's television programming. The aim of this study was to address significant gaps in the evidence base in relation to ...
Signal Louise N - - 2012
This paper reports on a complex environmental approach to addressing 'wicked' health promotion problems devised to inform policy for enhancing food security and physical activity among Māori, Pacific and low-income people in New Zealand. This multi-phase research utilized literature reviews, focus groups, stakeholder workshops and key informant interviews. Participants included ...
Larsen Laura Krone - - 2012
Scand J Caring Sci; 2012; Patients' lived experiences of a reduced intake of food and drinks during illness: a literature review Aim:  This study aims to identify patients' lived experiences of having a reduced intake of food and drink during illness, through a literature review. Methods:  Scientific studies were selected ...
Dekkers Susan - - 2012
Abstract This manuscript describes the follow-up study of our previous publication on the presence and risks of nanosilica in food. New information on the presence of nanosilica in the gastrointestinal tract is evaluated and information on nanosilica and Synthetic Amorphous Silica (SAS) is compared to asses its relevance for risk ...
Adams Karen - - 2012
The aim of this research was to work collaboratively with an urban Aboriginal community to understand meanings of food and food insecurity and strengthen responses to this issue. The project took place at the Wathaurong Aboriginal Cooperative in Geelong, South Eastern Australia in 2009-2010. Photo-voice research methods were used to ...
Shutts Kristin - - 2012
Developmental psychologists have devoted significant attention to investigating how children learn from others' actions, emotions, and testimony. Yet most of this research has examined children's socially guided learning about artifacts. The present article focuses on a domain that has received limited attention from those interested in the development of social ...
- - 2012
My favorite food is Japanese cuisine. The most important thing I learned from my parents is a love for dedicated and reliable craftsmanship.
Woosley R L - - 2012
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was established as a regulatory agency to protect the public health by ensuring that foods, medications, devices, and many other products are safe, effective, and properly labeled. William Abrams demonstrated that scientists from the pharmaceutical industry and the FDA can work together with ...
Olsen Douglas P - - 2012
Is hiding medicine in food ever ethically justified?
Fry Brian - - 2012
We tested for unintended mercury contamination problems associated with estuarine floodplain restoration projects of the Louisiana coastal zone, USA. Barataria Bay and Breton Sound are two neighboring deltaic estuaries that were isolated by levees from the Mississippi River about 100 years ago. These estuaries recently have been reconnected to the ...
Messner D A - - 2012
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) recently proposed a partial alignment of their respective review processes for new medical products. The proposed "parallel review" not only offers an opportunity for some products to reach the market with Medicare coverage more ...
Schieberle Peter - - 2012
The proper procedures for the measurement of amounts of compounds that may occur in a food or other matrices are presented in this perspective. Factors dealt with include sampling, use of standards, advantages and limitations of chromatographic and other techniques for quantitation, and proper presentation and reporting of data. Such ...
Burks A Wesley - - 2012
Food allergies can result in life-threatening reactions and diminish quality of life. In the last several decades, the prevalence of food allergies has increased in several regions throughout the world. Although more than 170 foods have been identified as being potentially allergenic, a minority of these foods cause the majority ...
Beagan Brenda L - - 2012
Objective. Most research on food, ethnicity and health in Canada is focused on the dietary acculturation of first of second generation migrants. 'Failure' to adopt nutritional guidelines for healthy eating is generally understood as lack of education or persistence of cultural barriers. In this study we explore the meanings of ...
Agarwala Edward K - - 2012
Efficient coding, redundancy reduction, and other information theoretic optimization principles have successfully explained the organization of many biological phenomena, from the physiology of sensory receptive fields to the variability of certain DNA sequence ensembles. Here we examine the hypothesis that behavioral strategies that are optimal for survival must necessarily involve ...
Hashemi Beni Leila - - 2012
While the value of geographic information systems (GIS) is widely applied in public health there have been comparatively few examples of applications that extend to the assessment of risks in food distribution systems. GIS can provide decision makers with strong computing platforms for spatial data management, integration, analysis, querying and ...
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