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González-Gregori Rebeca - - 2012
Electronic health records (EHRs) are used to register important health-related information, such as allergic conditions, and contribute to the safety and quality of medical care. To evaluate the use of allergy alert entries in EHRs and to establish the allergy profile of hospitalized patients. Allergy data recorded in EHRs were ...
Lohaus Katharina - - 2013
Agricultural intensification has been shown to result in a decline in biodiversity across many taxa, but the changes in community structure and species interactions remain little understood. We have analysed and compared the structure of feeding interactions for cereal aphids and their primary and secondary parasitoids in organically and conventionally ...
Pettigrew Simone - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the extent to which parents and school-based stakeholders (principals, teachers, canteen managers and Parents & Citizen Committee presidents) are supportive of potential expansions to a new school food policy. Eight additional policy components elicited in preliminary focus groups with parents and 19 ...
Pumpa Kate L - - 2012
The use of sports supplements presents a dilemma for many of those involved in supporting athletes, including coaches, families, support staff and the athletes themselves. Often the information that they source can be incorrect and promote a bias view regarding the use of nutritional supplements. The aim of this case ...
Skandamis Panagiotis N - - 2012
Food spoilage may be defined as a process that renders a product undesirable or unacceptable for consumption and is the outcome of the biochemical activity of a microbial community that eventually dominates according to the prevailing ecological determinants. Although limited information are reported, this activity has been attributed to quorum ...
Elbroch L Mark LM Department of Wildlife, Fish, and Conservation Biology, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA. - - 2012
Large carnivores perform keystone ecological functions through direct predation, or indirectly, through food subsidies to scavengers or trophic cascades driven by their influence on the distributions of their prey. Pumas (Puma concolor) are an elusive, cryptic species difficult to study and little is known about their inter-trophic-level interactions in natural ...
van Wagenberg Coen P A - - 2012
The EU prescribes that food business operators must use food chain information to assist in food safety control. This study analyses usefulness of food chain information about antibiotic usage covering the 60-day period prior to delivery of pigs to slaughter in the control of antibiotic residues in pork. A dataset ...
Chaudhry Rabia Quddus - - 2012
Though much has been studied and written about food allergy, the majority of the available literature focuses on food allergies in the pediatric population. Unfortunately, it is likely that in regard to food allergies, adults are not just big children, and extrapolating findings from pediatric to adult patient populations might ...
Montgomery Kathryn C - - 2012
Because of their avid use of new media and their increased spending power, children and teens have become primary targets of a new "media and marketing ecosystem." The digital marketplace is undergoing rapid innovation as new technologies and software applications continue to reshape the media landscape and user behaviors. The ...
Abbot Jaclyn Maurer - - 2012
Food safety information campaigns are more likely to be most effective if the messages are tailored to the needs of a specific audience. Designing effective campaigns involves careful study of the target population and working with them using a community-based participatory research model. Thus, the development of the campaign materials ...
Pham Mai T - - 2012
In the study described in this article, the authors investigated the perceptions and needs of public health inspectors (PHIs) in the province of Ontario, Canada, with regard to food safety issues and information resources. A cross-sectional online survey of 239 Ontario PHIs was conducted between April and June 2009. Questions ...
Pumpa Kate L - - 2012
The use of sport supplements presents a dilemma for many of those involved in supporting athletes, including coaches, families, support staff, and the athletes themselves. Often the information that they source can be incorrect and promote a biased view regarding the use of nutritional supplements. The aim of this case ...
Rockett Fernanda C - - 2012
The significance of dietary factors as triggers for migraines is controversial, and the assessment of this topic is complex and inconclusive. In order to evaluate the published evidence on dietary triggers, a critical review of the literature was performed by conducting a search for food item descriptors linked to migraines ...
Jennings Amy - - 2012
Increasing fruit and vegetable intake has the potential to prevent chronic disease risk but substantial inequalities in intake exist between advantaged and disadvantaged communities. Access and availability of fruit and vegetables have been shown to be important determinants of intake. The current study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a ...
Venter Carina C University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, UK. - - 2012
It is well known that many aspects of food allergy are lacking sufficient research and publication. Practising evidence-based medicine in this field is, therefore, a particular challenge. Internationally, there is considerable variation in practices and no agreed treatment pathways. The time was right to review the evidence and seek the ...
Ruelas Valerie V Division of Adolescent Medicine, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, 4650 Sunset Blvd., Mailstop #2, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA. - - 2012
To collect consumer demographics, utilization, satisfaction, and eating and physical activity behavior information from customers using two newly established farmers' markets in low income urban communities in East and South Los Angeles. From April 1, 2007 through June 3, 2009, farmers' market customers completed a short, anonymous survey. The data ...
Iacovou Marina - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Community kitchens have been implemented by communities as a public health strategy to prevent food insecurity through reducing social isolation, improving food and cooking skills and empowering participants. The aim of the present paper was to investigate whether community kitchens can improve the social and nutritional health of participants ...
Caspi Caitlin E - - 2012
Despite growing attention to the problem of obesogenic environments, there has not been a comprehensive review evaluating the food environment-diet relationship. This study aims to evaluate this relationship in the current literature, focusing specifically on the method of exposure assessment (GIS, survey, or store audit). This study also explores 5 ...
Gagic Vesna - - 2012
Agricultural intensification (AI) is currently a major driver of biodiversity loss and related ecosystem functioning decline. However, spatio-temporal changes in community structure induced by AI, and their relation to ecosystem functioning, remain largely unexplored. Here, we analysed 16 quantitative cereal aphid-parasitoid and parasitoid-hyperparasitoid food webs, replicated four times during the ...
Turner Lindsey L Health Policy Center, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 W Roosevelt Rd, No. 558, Chicago, IL 60608, USA. - - 2012
The use of food as a reward for good student behavior or academic performance is discouraged by many national organizations, yet this practice continues to occur in schools. Our multiyear cross-sectional study examined the use of food as a reward in elementary schools and evaluated the association between district policies ...
Biltoft-Jensen A - - 2012
Biltoft-Jensen A., Trolle E., Christensen T., Islam N., Andersen L.F., Egenfeldt-Nielsen S. & Tetens I. (2012) WebDASC: a web-based dietary assessment software for 8-11-year-old Danish children. J Hum Nutr Diet. ABSTRACT: Background:  The present study describes the development and formative evaluation of the Web-based Dietary Assessment Software for Children (WebDASC). ...
Page Rachel A - - 2012
Predators are often confronted with a broad diversity of potential prey. They rely on cues associated with prey quality and palatability to optimize their hunting success and to avoid consuming toxic prey. Here, we investigate a predator's ability to assess prey cues during capture, handling, and consumption when confronted with ...
Boek Stacey - - 2012
To examine the roles of gender and race in students' determinants of food choices on a college campus. A total of 405 college students participated in a survey entitled "Campus Food: You Tell Us!" Chi-square and logistic regression were used to examine associations between demographics and food choice determinants. Gender ...
Bauer Katherine W KW Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA. - - 2012
We sought to better understand the prevalence and consequences of food insecurity among American Indian families with young children. Parents or caregivers of kindergarten-age children enrolled in the Bright Start study (dyad n=432) living on the Pine Ridge Reservation in South Dakota completed a questionnaire on their child's dietary intake, ...
Patel Bhavin N - - 2012
Since the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) statement on mesh in July of 2011, there has been controversy regarding synthetic mesh repairs for vaginal prolapse. In this article, we review the biochemical basis for the use of synthetic mesh in prolapse repair as well as clinical results of anterior ...
Sato Takuya - - 2012
Nematomorph parasites manipulate crickets to enter streams where the parasites reproduce. These manipulated crickets become a substantial food subsidy for stream fishes. We used a field experiment to investigate how this subsidy affects the stream community and ecosystem function. When crickets were available, predatory fish ate fewer benthic invertebrates. The ...
Nagpal Ravinder - - 2012
In the industrialized world, functional foods have become a part of an everyday diet, and are demonstrated to offer potential health benefits beyond the widely accepted nutritional effects. Currently, the most important and frequently used functional food compounds are probiotics and prebiotics, or as they are collectively known as 'Synbiotics'. ...
Leo Harvey L - - 2012
The prevalence of food allergies in the pediatric population has risen significantly in the past decade. School districts and advocacy groups have made progress in developing systematic approaches to address pediatric food allergies; however, the widespread variance in child care settings, organization, and staff training still presents unique challenges. Addressing ...
Allen Julie Ober - - 2012
Objective: Women play a critical role in men's dietary health, but how men think about the nature and mechanisms of their wives' influence on their eating behavior is not well understood. This study examined how African American men described the roles their wives played in shaping their eating behavior. Methods: ...
Wilk Richard - - 2012
While the number of scholars working on the broad topic of food has never been greater, the topic is still divided among numerous disciplines and specialists who do not often communicate with each other. This paper discusses at some of the deep differences between disciplinary approaches, and concludes that food ...
Glanz Karen - - 2012
In-store food marketing can influence food-purchasing behaviors and warrants increased attention given the dramatic rise in obesity. Descriptive and experimental studies of key marketing components have been conducted by consumer scientists, marketing researchers, and public health experts. This review synthesizes research and publications from industry and academic sources and provides ...
Al-Shanafey Saud - - 2012
Persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia of infancy (PHHI) is the most common cause of neonatal hypoglycemia. Feeding plays a major role in its management. We evaluated the magnitude of food aversion among our patients with PHHI. A retrospective medical record review was conducted for patients with PHHI managed during the last 15 ...
Hastings Alan - - 2012
[Formula: see text] [ The consumer Ceriodaphnia reticulata. This experiment used a very similar species to the one shown here, namely Ceriodaphnia reticulata. This freshwater cladoceran grazer can consume phytoplankton species that have a maximal axial dimension of upto ∼35 μm. As a result, Pediastrum simplex (CPCC 431), Fragilaria crotonensis (CPCC ...
Pray W Steven - - 2012
Products of unknown safety and efficacy were once referred to as "quackery," and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) was empowered to protect public health by preventing their sale and forcing them from the market. However, in 1994, the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act legitimized their sale as ...
Kimmons Joel - - 2012
Health and sustainability guidelines for institutional food service are directed at improving dietary intake and increasing the ecological benefits of the food system. The development and implementation of institutional food service guidelines, such as the Health and Human Services (HHS) and General Services Administration (GSA) Health and Sustainability Guidelines for ...
Harris Diane - - 2012
Farm to Institution (FTI) programs are one approach to align food service operations with health and sustainability guidelines, such as those recently developed by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and General Services Administration. Programs and policies that support sourcing local and regional foods for schools, hospitals, faith-based ...
Quagliani Diane - - 2012
Consumers are increasingly interested in food and nutrition information, and the channels for receiving information are expanding at a fast pace. This scenario provides new opportunities for registered dietitians (RDs) to reach diverse audiences with credible nutrition messages. However, it is also more challenging to be heard in an increasingly ...
Miller Lisa M Soederberg - - 2012
Nutrition facts panels (NFPs) contain a rich assortment of nutrition information and are available on most food packages. The importance of this information is potentially even greater among older adults due to their increased risk for diet-related diseases, as well as those with goals for dietary modifications that may impact ...
de Sa Joia - - 2012
Chronic malnutrition in children remains highly prevalent in Laos, particularly among ethnic minority groups. There is limited knowledge of specific nutrition practices among these groups. We explored nutritional status, cultural beliefs and practices of Laos' Khmu ethnic group to inform interventions for undernutrition as part of a Primary Health Care ...
Wong S - - 2012
Study design:A single centre survey.Objectives:The objective of this study is to (1) assess patients' food intake and (2) measure satisfaction with current food provision, as judged by patients and by stakeholders (medical and nursing staff, managers and catering staff).Methods:Standardised questionnaires were used to record food intake over a 24-h period, ...
Benbenek Mary Mescher - - 2012
Purpose.  To explore the dietary factors that contribute to bone health among first generation Somali girls and to determine the social and cultural contexts that shape these health behaviors. Design and Methods.  Findings presented are from a larger, descriptive qualitative study that used a series of focus groups with four ...
Wyker Brett A - - 2012
Application of the Transtheoretical Model (TTM) to Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Education (SNAP-Ed) evaluation and development and validation of an evaluation tool used to measure TTM constructs is described. Surveys were collected from parents of children receiving food at Summer Food Service Program sites prior to SNAP-Ed participation. Item analysis ...
- - 2012
This document provides the latest recommendations for evaluation of gestational carriers and intended parents. It incorporates recent information from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the US Food and Drug Administration, and the American Association of Tissue Banks, with which all programs offering gestational carrier services must be ...
Soon Jan Mei - - 2012
Research has shown that traditional food safety training programs and strategies to promote hand hygiene increases knowledge of the subject. However, very few studies have been conducted to evaluate the impact of food safety training on food handlers' attitudes about good hand hygiene practices. The objective of this meta-analytical study ...
Nam Young-Do - - 2012
Kochujang is a traditional Korean fermented food that is made with red pepper, glutinous rice, salt, and soybean. Kochujang is fermented by naturally occurring microorganisms through which it obtains various health-promoting properties. In this study, the bacterial diversities of 9 local and 2 commercial brands of kochujang were analyzed with ...
De la Cruz-Góngora Vanessa - - 2012
To assess the use and understanding of the Nutritional information Panel (NIP) of pre-packaged foods by Mexican consumers. A questionnaire and an understanding test for NIP were applied to adult consumers in supermarkets of six cities in the Northern, Central, and Southern regions of Mexico. Data were analyzed by frequencies ...
Kim Kirang - - 2012
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of a healthy school tuck shop program, developed as a way of creating a healthy and nutritional school environment, on students' access to healthy foods. Five middle schools and four high schools (775 students) participated in the healthy school tuck ...
Kim Eun Joo - - 2012
The hand hygiene behavior of 400 middle school students (grades 1-3) in Seoul and Gyeonggi-Do was studied to determine how stages of change were affected by food safety education, focusing on hand hygiene and general food safety. Subjects were 51.3% male and 44.3% of study subjects were first graders of ...
Moore Jeffrey C JC US Pharmacopeial Convention, Rockville, MD 20852, USA. - - 2012
Food ingredient fraud and economically motivated adulteration are emerging risks, but a comprehensive compilation of information about known problematic ingredients and detection methods does not currently exist. The objectives of this research were to collect such information from publicly available articles in scholarly journals and general media, organize into a ...
Reslan Summar - - 2012
Laboratory methods and questionnaires to assess the relative reinforcing value of food (RRV-F) have been developed, but this is the first study to validate an online questionnaire measure of the RRV-F. Participants (281 college students) completed an online survey assessing demographic variables, food preferences, and the RRV-F. A subsample (n=21) ...
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