Search Results
Results 51 - 100 of 357
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 >
Battault S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D is a nutrient long considered as essential for skeletal health but is now attracting interest from medical and nutritional communities as knowledge emerges of its biological function and its association with decreased risk of many chronic diseases. RESULTS: A question emerges: How much more vitamin D do ...
Grace Delia - - 2012
We evaluated a group-based, participatory training intervention to improve food safety among meat processors and retailers in Bodija Market, Ibadan, Nigeria. An interactive training workshop was held for Butchers Associations' representatives who were selected to pass on information and training to their group. Meat hygiene knowledge, attitude and practice was ...
Collignon Bertrand - - 2012
For collective decisions to be made, the information acquired by experienced individuals about resources' location has to be shared with naïve individuals through recruitment. Here, we investigate the properties of collective responses arising from a leader-based recruitment and a self-organized communication by chemical trails. We develop a generalized model based ...
Lehr Heiner - - 2012
The paper reviews patented and non-patented technologies, methods and solutions in the area of food traceability. It pays special attention to the communication of food safety, authenticity and consumer choice. Twenty eight recent patents are reviewed in the areas of (secure) identification, product freshness indicators, meat traceability, (secure) transport of ...
Boschetti Egisto - - 2012
Food science is a complex domain where modern analytical technologies interact with each other. Named as "Foodomics," this domain assembles a variety of investigational fields such as genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, peptidomics, and metabolomics. All these technologies are at the service of several goals that are essentially dictated by fundamental understanding, ...
Bernstein Melissa - - 2012
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that all Americans aged 60 years and older receive appropriate nutrition care; have access to coordinated, comprehensive food and nutrition services; and receive the benefits of ongoing research to identify the most effective food and nutrition programs, interventions, and ...
Mayer Ashley Bramlett - - 2012
Many undergraduate students are cooking for the first time, and they need to learn safe food practices to reduce their risk of foodborne illness. Social media tools are being utilized to disseminate public health messages, but limited research has been conducted to examine the effectiveness of these tools for food ...
Zoorob Dani - - 2012
Once thought of as a long-term solution to pelvic organ prolapse, currently synthetic mesh augmentation is regarded as a dark area that is being critically assessed by surgeons, hospitals, industry, and most importantly the Food and Drug Administration. The development of midurethral sling kits has revolutionized the surgical treatment of ...
Sisson Susan B - - 2012
The purpose of the current study was to determine the obesogenic practices in all-day child-care centers caring for preschool-aged children. This study used a cross-sectional, self-reported survey mailed to centers across Oklahoma (n=314). Frequency of responses and χ(2) were calculated comparing region and star rating. Items where the majority of ...
Wang Dongxu - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate implementation and effectiveness of nutrition promotion programmes using the health-promoting schools (HPS) approach, to indicate areas where further research is needed and to make recommendations for practice in this field. DESIGN: The searched electronic databases included: CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Health Reference Center, Informit Search, MEDLINE, ProQuest, PsycINFO, ...
Cairns Georgina - - 2012
A case study on interactive digital marketing examined the adequacy of extant policy controls and their underpinning paradigms to constrain the effects of this rapidly emerging practice. Findings were interactive digital marketing is expanding the strategies available to promote products, brands and consumer behaviours. It facilitates relational marketing; the collection ...
Ghasemi Sedigheh - - 2012
While there has been a number of consumers' studies looking at factors that influence individuals' attitudes and behavior toward GM foods, few studies have considered agricultural professionals' intentions in this regard. This study illuminates agricultural professionals' insights toward GM foods in Southwest Iran. A random sample of 262 respondents was ...
Springston Elizabeth E - - 2012
To cite this article: Springston EE, Lau CH, Patel P, Warrier MR, Sohn M-W, Pongracic J, Gupta RS. A brief intervention to improve food allergy knowledge among US pediatricians: lessons learned. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2012: 00. ABSTRACT: Objective:  To evaluate a brief educational tool for pediatricians developed to address known ...
Shchekoldina Tatiana T Kuban State Technological University, Moskovskaya Str. 2, Krasnodar, 350072 - - 2014
Sunflower meal protein isolate (SMPI) is a promising food additive in different matrices. However, the uses of SMPI are limited because of the presence of antinutritional compounds like polyphenolic substances. Chlorogenic and caffeic acids are the dominants polyphenolics in the SMPI. These substances cause significant changes of the colour of ...
Wojcicki Janet M JM Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94134-0136, USA. - - 2012
The Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 presents an opportunity to change the nutritional quality of foods served in low-income childcare centers, including Head Start centers. Excessive fruit juice consumption is associated with increased risk for obesity. Moreover, there is recent scientific evidence that sucrose consumption without the corresponding fiber, ...
Hilmers Angela A Children's Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77025, USA. - - 2012
Environmental justice is concerned with an equitable distribution of environmental burdens. These burdens comprise immediate health hazards as well as subtle inequities, such as limited access to healthy foods. We reviewed the literature on neighborhood disparities in access to fast-food outlets and convenience stores. Low-income neighborhoods offered greater access to ...
Orencio Pedcris M PM Graduate School of Environmental Science, Hokkaido University, Hokkaido, Japan. - - 2013
A coastal community vulnerability index (CCVI) was constructed to evaluate the vulnerability of coastal communities (Buhangin, Pingit, Reserva, Sabang, and Zabali) in the municipality of Baler, Aurora, Philippines. This index was composed of weighted averages of seven vulnerability factors namely geographical, economic and livelihood, food security, environmental, policy and institutional, ...
Gargallo Fernández Manuel - - 2012
This paper is a summary of the Spanish Federation of Nutrition, Food and Dietetics Associations (FESNAD) and the Spanish Association for the Study of Obesity (SEEDO) consensus document on the role of diet in prevention and treatment of overweight and obesity. To prepare this document, and in order to achieve ...
Auchincloss Amy H - - 2012
Access to healthy foods has received increasing attention due to growing prevalence of obesity and diet-related health conditions yet there are major obstacles in characterizing the local food environment. This study developed a method to retrospectively characterize supermarkets for a single historic year, 2005, in 19 counties in 6 states ...
Kugelberg Susanna - - 2012
BACKGROUND: There has been an increasing effort across Europe to develop national policies in food and nutrition during the last decade. However, little is known about how public health nutrition issues get on the public health agenda and the roles individuals have when these agendas are being set. OBJECTIVES: The ...
Mullany Britta - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with food insecurity and household eating patterns among American-Indian families with young children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey among households with young children that were receiving emergency food services. We collected information on food insecurity levels, household eating patterns, experiences with commercial and community food sources and ...
Griffith Derek M - - 2012
This article examines determinants and patterns of African American men's dietary practices. Thematic content analysis was used to analyze data from nine exploratory focus groups conducted with 83 urban, middle-aged and older African American men from southeast Michigan. The men distinguished between healthy and unhealthy foods and "meals" versus other ...
Rossen Lauren M - - 2012
Obtaining valid and accurate data on community food environments is critical for research evaluating associations between the food environment and health outcomes. This study utilized ground-truthing and remote-sensing technology to validate a food outlet retail list obtained from an urban local health department in Baltimore, Maryland in 2009. Ten percent ...
Freberg Karen - - 2012
The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) has provided considerable insight into the public's intention to comply with many different health-related messages, but has not been applied previously to intention to comply with food safety recommendations and recalls ( Hallman & Cuite, 2010 ). Because food recalls can differ from other ...
Li Jih-Heng - - 2012
The major food safety episodes that occurred in Taiwan during the past decade are briefly reviewed in this paper. Among the nine major episodes surveyed, with the exception of a U.S. beef (associated with Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease)-related incident, all the others were associated with chemical toxicants. The general public, which has ...
Bonnie Kristin E - - 2012
As a result of environmental variability, animals may be confronted with uncertainty surrounding the presence of, or accessibility to, food resources at a given location or time. While individuals can rely on personal experience to manage this variability, the behavior of members of an individual's social group can also provide ...
Bisogni Carole A - - 2012
To identify how qualitative research has contributed to understanding the ways people in developed countries interpret healthy eating. Bibliographic database searches identified reports of qualitative, empirical studies published in English, peer-reviewed journals since 1995. Authors coded, discussed, recoded, and analyzed papers reporting qualitative research studies related to participants' interpretations of ...
Yehle Karen S - - 2012
Dietary adherence can be challenging for patients with coronary heart disease (CHD), as they may require multiple dietary changes. Choosing appropriate food items may be difficult or take extensive amounts of time without the aid of technology. The objective of this project was to (1) examine the dietary challenges faced ...
Chauliac Michel - - 2012
The French National Nutrition and Health Program was launched in 2001. To achieve its objectives, 2 main preventive strategies were identified: 1) provide information and education to help individuals make healthy food and physical activity choices; and 2) improve the food and physical environment so that making healthy choices is ...
González-Gregori Rebeca - - 2012
Electronic health records (EHRs) are used to register important health-related information, such as allergic conditions, and contribute to the safety and quality of medical care. To evaluate the use of allergy alert entries in EHRs and to establish the allergy profile of hospitalized patients. Allergy data recorded in EHRs were ...
Lohaus Katharina - - 2013
Agricultural intensification has been shown to result in a decline in biodiversity across many taxa, but the changes in community structure and species interactions remain little understood. We have analysed and compared the structure of feeding interactions for cereal aphids and their primary and secondary parasitoids in organically and conventionally ...
Pettigrew Simone - - 2012
The aim of this study was to assess the extent to which parents and school-based stakeholders (principals, teachers, canteen managers and Parents & Citizen Committee presidents) are supportive of potential expansions to a new school food policy. Eight additional policy components elicited in preliminary focus groups with parents and 19 ...
Pumpa Kate L - - 2012
The use of sports supplements presents a dilemma for many of those involved in supporting athletes, including coaches, families, support staff and the athletes themselves. Often the information that they source can be incorrect and promote a bias view regarding the use of nutritional supplements. The aim of this case ...
Skandamis Panagiotis N - - 2012
Food spoilage may be defined as a process that renders a product undesirable or unacceptable for consumption and is the outcome of the biochemical activity of a microbial community that eventually dominates according to the prevailing ecological determinants. Although limited information are reported, this activity has been attributed to quorum ...
Elbroch L Mark LM Department of Wildlife, Fish, and Conservation Biology, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, USA. - - 2012
Large carnivores perform keystone ecological functions through direct predation, or indirectly, through food subsidies to scavengers or trophic cascades driven by their influence on the distributions of their prey. Pumas (Puma concolor) are an elusive, cryptic species difficult to study and little is known about their inter-trophic-level interactions in natural ...
van Wagenberg Coen P A - - 2012
The EU prescribes that food business operators must use food chain information to assist in food safety control. This study analyses usefulness of food chain information about antibiotic usage covering the 60-day period prior to delivery of pigs to slaughter in the control of antibiotic residues in pork. A dataset ...
Chaudhry Rabia Quddus - - 2012
Though much has been studied and written about food allergy, the majority of the available literature focuses on food allergies in the pediatric population. Unfortunately, it is likely that in regard to food allergies, adults are not just big children, and extrapolating findings from pediatric to adult patient populations might ...
Montgomery Kathryn C - - 2012
Because of their avid use of new media and their increased spending power, children and teens have become primary targets of a new "media and marketing ecosystem." The digital marketplace is undergoing rapid innovation as new technologies and software applications continue to reshape the media landscape and user behaviors. The ...
Abbot Jaclyn Maurer - - 2012
Food safety information campaigns are more likely to be most effective if the messages are tailored to the needs of a specific audience. Designing effective campaigns involves careful study of the target population and working with them using a community-based participatory research model. Thus, the development of the campaign materials ...
Pham Mai T - - 2012
In the study described in this article, the authors investigated the perceptions and needs of public health inspectors (PHIs) in the province of Ontario, Canada, with regard to food safety issues and information resources. A cross-sectional online survey of 239 Ontario PHIs was conducted between April and June 2009. Questions ...
Pumpa Kate L - - 2012
The use of sport supplements presents a dilemma for many of those involved in supporting athletes, including coaches, families, support staff, and the athletes themselves. Often the information that they source can be incorrect and promote a biased view regarding the use of nutritional supplements. The aim of this case ...
Rockett Fernanda C - - 2012
The significance of dietary factors as triggers for migraines is controversial, and the assessment of this topic is complex and inconclusive. In order to evaluate the published evidence on dietary triggers, a critical review of the literature was performed by conducting a search for food item descriptors linked to migraines ...
Jennings Amy - - 2012
Increasing fruit and vegetable intake has the potential to prevent chronic disease risk but substantial inequalities in intake exist between advantaged and disadvantaged communities. Access and availability of fruit and vegetables have been shown to be important determinants of intake. The current study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a ...
Venter Carina C University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, UK. - - 2012
It is well known that many aspects of food allergy are lacking sufficient research and publication. Practising evidence-based medicine in this field is, therefore, a particular challenge. Internationally, there is considerable variation in practices and no agreed treatment pathways. The time was right to review the evidence and seek the ...
Ruelas Valerie V Division of Adolescent Medicine, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, 4650 Sunset Blvd., Mailstop #2, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA. - - 2012
To collect consumer demographics, utilization, satisfaction, and eating and physical activity behavior information from customers using two newly established farmers' markets in low income urban communities in East and South Los Angeles. From April 1, 2007 through June 3, 2009, farmers' market customers completed a short, anonymous survey. The data ...
Iacovou Marina - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Community kitchens have been implemented by communities as a public health strategy to prevent food insecurity through reducing social isolation, improving food and cooking skills and empowering participants. The aim of the present paper was to investigate whether community kitchens can improve the social and nutritional health of participants ...
Caspi Caitlin E - - 2012
Despite growing attention to the problem of obesogenic environments, there has not been a comprehensive review evaluating the food environment-diet relationship. This study aims to evaluate this relationship in the current literature, focusing specifically on the method of exposure assessment (GIS, survey, or store audit). This study also explores 5 ...
Gagic Vesna - - 2012
Agricultural intensification (AI) is currently a major driver of biodiversity loss and related ecosystem functioning decline. However, spatio-temporal changes in community structure induced by AI, and their relation to ecosystem functioning, remain largely unexplored. Here, we analysed 16 quantitative cereal aphid-parasitoid and parasitoid-hyperparasitoid food webs, replicated four times during the ...
Turner Lindsey L Health Policy Center, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1747 W Roosevelt Rd, No. 558, Chicago, IL 60608, USA. - - 2012
The use of food as a reward for good student behavior or academic performance is discouraged by many national organizations, yet this practice continues to occur in schools. Our multiyear cross-sectional study examined the use of food as a reward in elementary schools and evaluated the association between district policies ...
Biltoft-Jensen A - - 2012
Biltoft-Jensen A., Trolle E., Christensen T., Islam N., Andersen L.F., Egenfeldt-Nielsen S. & Tetens I. (2012) WebDASC: a web-based dietary assessment software for 8-11-year-old Danish children. J Hum Nutr Diet. ABSTRACT: Background:  The present study describes the development and formative evaluation of the Web-based Dietary Assessment Software for Children (WebDASC). ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 >