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Inglett George E GE Functional Foods Research Unit,National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, 1815 N University Street, Peoria, IL, 61604, - - 2014
Omega-3 of chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) and soluble β-glucan of oat products are known for lowering blood cholesterol and preventing coronary heart disease. Nutrim, oat bran concentrate (OBC), and whole oat flour (WOF) were composited with finely ground chia, and used in cookies at 20% replacement of wheat flour ...
Zellner Debra A DA Department of Psychology, Montclair State University, Montclair, NJ 07043. Electronic address: - - 2014
Diners in a restaurant were served the same meal (composed of a sautéed chicken breast with a fines herbes sauce, brown rice pilaf, and sautéed green beans with toasted almonds served on a round white china plate). The same food was presented in two different arrangements on two different nights. ...
Agyeman Fred O FO Department of Environmental Resources Engineering, College of Environmental Science and Forestry, State University of New York, 1 Forestry Drive, 402 Baker Lab, Syracuse, NY 13210, - - 2014
This study was to comprehensively evaluate the effects of food waste particle size on co-digestion of food waste and dairy manure at organic loading rates increased stepwise from 0.67 to 3g/L/d of volatile solids (VS). Three anaerobic digesters were fed semi-continuously with equal VS amounts of food waste and dairy ...
Takahashi Koshiro K Faculty of Agriculture, Saga - - 2014
Sake lees are solid parts filtered from the mash of sake, the traditional rice wine of Japan, which is brewed with Aspergillus oryzae and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The moisture-holding activity of sake lees has long been recognized in Japan. However, the constituent responsible for this activity has not been elucidated. In ...
- - 2014
The editors of the Pan African Medical Journal retract the manuscript above. The manuscript has been the subject of a protracted and unresolved authors dispute. Not all the authors listed in this manuscript consented to the retraction.
Dunne Jennifer A JA Santa Fe Institute, , 1399 Hyde Park Road, Santa Fe, NM 87501, USA, Pacific Ecoinformatics and Computational Ecology Lab, , Berkeley, CA 94703, USA, Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, , Washington, DC 20013-7012, USA, Department of Entomology and Behavior, Ecology, Evolution and Systematics Program, University of Maryland, , College Park, MD 20742, USA, Microsoft Research, , Cambridge CB3 OFB, - - 2014
Generalities of food web structure have been identified for extant ecosystems. However, the trophic organization of ancient ecosystems is unresolved, as prior studies of fossil webs have been limited by low-resolution, high-uncertainty data. We compiled highly resolved, well-documented feeding interaction data for 700 taxa from the 48 million-year-old latest early ...
Perkins Matthew J MJ Centre for Ecology and Conservation, University of Exeter, Penryn, Cornwall, United - - 2014
Increasingly, stable isotope ratios of nitrogen (δ15N) and carbon (δ13C) are used to quantify trophic structure, though relatively few studies have tested accuracy of isotopic structural measures. For laboratory-raised and wild-collected plant-invertebrate food chains spanning four trophic levels we estimated nitrogen range (NR) using δ15N, and carbon range (CR) using ...
Rodríguez-Martín Boris C BC Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Central University "Marta Abreu" of Las Villas Santa Clara, - - 2014
Food cravings refer to an intense desire to eat specific foods. The Food Cravings Questionnaire-Trait (FCQ-T) is the most commonly used instrument to assess food cravings as a multidimensional construct. Its 39 items have an underlying nine-factor structure for both the original English and Spanish version; but subsequent studies yielded ...
Lee J - - 2013
Crohn's disease is a debilitating chronic inflammatory bowel disease. Appropriate use of diet and nutritional therapy is integral to the overall management strategy of Crohn's disease. The aim was to develop evidence-based guidelines on the dietary management of Crohn's disease in adults. Questions relating to the dietary management of Crohn's ...
Mirokuji Yoshiharu - - 2013
Using the procedure devised by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA), we performed safety evaluations on four flavoring substances structurally related to menthol (l-menthyl 2-methylbutyrate, dl-menthyl octanoate, dl-menthyl palmitate, and dl-menthyl stearate) uniquely used in Japan. While no genotoxicity study data were available in the literature, all ...
Yang Ji-Yeon - - 2013
The acaricidal potential of active constituent isolated from Schizonepeta tenuifolia oil and its structurally related derivatives were evaluated using filter paper and impregnated cotton fabric disk bioassays against house dust and stored food mites. The acaricidal constituent of S. tenuifolia oil was isolated by chromatographic techniques and identified as 2-isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexanone ...
Albouy Camille - - 2013
Climate change is inducing deep modifications in species geographic ranges worldwide. However, the consequences of such changes on community structure are still poorly understood, particularly the impacts on food-web properties. Here we propose a new framework, coupling species distribution and trophic models, to predict climate change impacts on food-web structure ...
Erdo─čan Serkan - - 2013
As a reflection of different life styles and environment, the tongue of vertebrates, which plays a major role in the intake and swallowing of food, displays significant morphological differences. The gross form and microscopic structure of the avian tongue differ greatly according to lifestyle. The avian tongue plays a fundamental ...
McClements David Julian - - 2013
Introduction: The oral bioavailability of many lipophilic bioactives, such as pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals, is relatively low due to their poor solubility, permeability and/or chemical stability within the human gastrointestinal tract (GIT). The oral bioavailability of lipophilic bioactives can be improved by designing food matrices that control their release, solubilization, transport ...
Melone Federica - - 2013
An unprecedented analytical method that allows simultaneous structural and quantitative characterization of all the functional groups present in tannins is reported. In situ labeling of all the labile H groups (aliphatic, and phenolic hydroxyls and carboxylic acids) with a phosphorus containing reagent (Cl-TMDP) followed by quantitative 31P-NMR acquisition, constitutes a ...
Jassey Vincent E J - - 2013
Although microorganisms are the primary drivers of biogeochemical cycles, the structure and functioning of microbial food webs are poorly studied. This is the case in Sphagnum peatlands, where microbial communities play a key role in the global carbon cycle. Here, we explored the structure of the microbial food web from ...
Collins Damian - - 2013
Exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is associated with a broad range of health risks. This study assessed the impacts of cooking smoke and environmental tobacco smoke on air quality at outdoor community events in Edmonton, Alberta (Canada). Data were collected at three festivals in July-August 2011 using a portable ...
Dam Svend - - 2013
Legume food allergy, such as allergy toward peanuts and soybeans, is a health issue predicted to worsen as dietary advice recommends higher intake of legume-based foods. Lotus japonicus (Lotus) is an established legume plant model system for studies of symbiotic and pathogenic microbial interactions and, due to its well characterized ...
Westphal Götz Alexander - - 2013
Aim: Research on renewable fuels has to assess possible adverse health, ecological risks as well as conflicts with global food supply. This investigation compares two newly developed biogenic diesel fuels - and jatropha methyl ester (JME) - with fossil diesel fuel (DF) and rapeseed methyl ester (RME) for their emissions ...
Kanaya Gen - - 2013
Temporal changes in benthic food web structure were analyzed in an artificial tidal flat in inner Tokyo Bay, Japan, using carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios (δ(13)C and δ(15)N). Microphytobenthos were the most important food sources of macrozoobenthos, due to high microphytobenthic biomass on the tidal flat, while phytoplankton in ...
Santos Keity Souza - - 2013
SCOPE: Manioc (Manihot esculenta) is a tuber mainly consumed in the Southern Hemisphere and used worldwide by food and chemistry industry. We aimed to recombinantly produce and characterize the first manioc allergen and evaluate its IgE reactivity in sera of Brazilian and Italian patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: The molecule, termed ...
van Venrooij Lenny M W - - 2013
Loss of body tissue resulting in undernutrition can be caused by reduced food intake, altered metabolism, ageing, and physical inactivity. The predominant cause of undernutrition before cardiac operations is unknown. First, we explored the association of reduced food intake and inactivity with undernutrition in patients before elective cardiac operations. Second, ...
Wang Yang - - 2013
Profilins from numerous species are known to be allergens, including food allergens, such as peanut (Arachis hypogaea) allergen Ara h 5, and pollen allergens, such as birch allergen Bet v 2. Patients with pollen allergy can also cross-react to peanut. Structural characterization of allergens will allow a better understanding of ...
Tetens Inge - - 2013
Dietary intakes of plant lignans have been hypothesized to be inversely associated with the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and cancer. Earlier studies were based on a Finnish lignan database (Fineli(®)) with two lignan precursors, secoisolariciresinol (SECO) and matairesinol (MAT). More recently, a Dutch database, including SECO and MAT and ...
Goda Mami - - 2013
Three unknown colors (A1, A2 and A3) in Food red No. 102 (R102) were identified by LC-MS and NMR analysis. Red dye A1 was azo rubine (AZO), which is not designated as a coloring agent in Japan. Red dye A2 was a structural isomer of Fast Red E (FRE), which ...
Clitherow Leonie R LR Faculty of Biological Science/water@leeds, University of Leeds, Leeds, United - - 2013
Glacier retreat is occurring across the world, and associated river ecosystems are expected to respond more rapidly than those in flowing waters in other regions. The river environment directly downstream of a glacier snout is characterised by extreme low water temperature and unstable channel sediments but these habitats may become ...
Brind'amour Anik A IFREMER, Fisheries Ecology and Modelling Department, Ifremer, Nantes, - - 2013
Recently revisited, the concept of niche ecology has lead to the formalisation of functional and trophic niches using stable isotope ratios. Isotopic diversity indices (IDI) derived from a set of measures assessing the dispersion/distribution of points in the δ-space were recently suggested and increasingly used in the literature. However, three ...
Doi Hideyuki H Graduate School of Life Sciences, Tohoku University , Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai , Japan ; Institute for Sustainable Sciences and Development, Hiroshima University , Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima , - - 2013
Resources and organisms in food webs are distributed patchily. The spatial structure of food webs is important and critical to understanding their overall structure. However, there is little available information about the small-scale spatial structure of food webs. We investigated the spatial structure of food webs in a lake ecosystem ...
Nwaru Bright I BI School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland. - - 2013
Emerging evidence questions current recommendations on the timing of infant feeding for the prevention of childhood allergies. The evidence for asthma is inconclusive. We sought to investigate the associations between the duration of breast-feeding and timing of introduction of complementary foods and the development of asthma and allergies by the ...
Gumiero Matteo - - 2013
A high density polyethylene (HDPE)/calcium carbonate (CaCO(3)) film containing TiO(2) was prepared via blown film extrusion process. The photocatalytic properties of this film were evaluated by voltammetric, UV-Vis spectrophotometric and gas chromatographic measurements following the decomposition rate of suitably selected molecular probes, such as 4-hydroxybenzoic acid and methylene blue. The ...
Belhoucine Latifa - - 2012
Oak pinhole borer, Platypus cylindrus is seen in recent years as one of the biggest enemies directly involved in the observed decline of cork oak in Mediterranean forests with all the economic implications. As an ambrosia beetle, it has developed its effective drilling mouthpart enough to make tunnels in hardwood ...
Lurgi Miguel - - 2012
The current distribution of climatic conditions will be rearranged on the globe. To survive, species will have to keep pace with climates as they move. Mountains are among the most affected regions owing to both climate and land-use change. Here, we explore the effects of climate change in the vertebrate ...
Harrison T D - - 2012
A comparative analysis of the fish trophic structure was undertaken on some 190 South African estuaries spanning three zoogeographic regions and incorporating three broad estuarine types. Fish biomass trophic guild compositions and biomass trophic spectrum profiles were analysed using multivariate statistical techniques and included both inter-regional (zoogeographic) and intra-regional (estuarine ...
Tunney Tyler D - - 2012
Macroscopic ecosystem properties, such as major material pathways and community biomass structure, underlie the ecosystem services on which humans rely. While ecologists have long sought to identify the determinants of the trophic height of food webs (food chain length), it is somewhat surprising how little research effort is invested in ...
Amundsen Per-Arne - - 2012
Introduced species can alter the topology of food webs. For instance, an introduction can aid the arrival of free-living consumers using the new species as a resource, while new parasites may also arrive with the introduced species. Food-web responses to species additions can thus be far more complex than anticipated. ...
Thompson Ross M - - 2012
The global biodiversity crisis concerns not only unprecedented loss of species within communities, but also related consequences for ecosystem function. Community ecology focuses on patterns of species richness and community composition, whereas ecosystem ecology focuses on fluxes of energy and materials. Food webs provide a quantitative framework to combine these ...
Au Patrick - - 2012
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration applies regulatory flexibility to balance benefits and risks to subjects in cell-therapy clinical trials.
Wimp Gina M - - 2012
Multichannel omnivory by generalist predators, especially the use of both grazing and epigeic prey, has the potential to increase predator abundance and decrease herbivore populations. However, predator use of the epigeic web (soil surface detritus/microbe/algae consumers) varies considerably for reasons that are poorly understood. We therefore used a stable isotope ...
Mishra Suman - - 2012
Starchy foods of differing structure, including bakery products, breakfast cereals, pastas, and pulses were digested in vitro. Bakery products and processed breakfast cereals with little resilient structure yielded large amounts of rapidly available carbohydrate (RAC), less slowly digested starch (SDS) and little inaccessible digestible starch (IDS) (70:22:8%). Partially processed grains, ...
Eswara Amruta R AR Society for Energy, Environment and Development, Plot 81, Road 7, Jubilee Hills Society, Hyderabad, 500 033 - - 2013
Increasing population and high cost of fuels have created opportunities for using alternate energies for post-harvest processing of foods. Solar food processing is an emerging technology that provides good quality foods at low or no additional fuel costs. A number of solar dryers, collectors and concentrators are currently being used ...
Robinson Eric - - 2012
Eating with others has been shown to influence the amount of food eaten in a meal or snack. We examined whether choosing food in the presence of another person who is choosing either predominantly low-energy-dense or high-energy-dense foods affects food choices. A between-subjects laboratory-based study was used. A group of ...
DiPatrizio Nicholas V - - 2012
The 'thrifty gene hypothesis' posits that evolution preferentially selects physiological mechanisms that optimize energy storage to increase survival under alternating conditions of abundance and scarcity of food. Recent experiments suggest that endocannabinoids - a class of lipid-derived mediators that activate cannabinoid receptors in many cells of the body - are ...
Maikhuri Rakesh K - - 2012
Nutritional and energy value of an underutilized wild edible Viburnum mullaha was determined. Vitamin analysis confirmed that the fruit contains high amounts of vitamin C (122.27 mg/100 g), vitamin B2 (0.14 mg/g), and vitamin E (13.47 mg/g). Macronutrient profile revealed that Viburnum mullaha is a rich source of carbohydrates (18.4 ...
Chapman Kathryn - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Food cost is an important factor influencing the consumption of nutritious foods and subsequent chronic disease risk. The present study compared the cost of branded food products with their generic equivalents across a range of food categories. SETTING: The survey was conducted within two major supermarket chains across six ...
Appelhans Bradley M BM Department of Preventive Medicine and Behavioral Sciences, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois 60612, USA. - - 2012
The relative affordability of energy-dense versus nutrient-rich foods may promote socioeconomic disparities in dietary quality and obesity. Although supermarkets are the largest food source in the American diet, the associations between SES and the cost and nutrient content of freely chosen food purchases have not been described. To investigate relationships ...
Watson Wendy L - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To investigate nutrition literacy among adult grocery buyers regarding energy-related labelling terms on food packaging. DESIGN: Qualitative interviews and quantitative surveys to determine shoppers' understanding of energy terms ('energy', 'calories' and 'kilojoules') and how energy terms affect perceptions of healthiness and intentions to purchase breakfast cereals, muesli bars and ...
Bevelander Kirsten E - - 2012
The present experimental study was the first to investigate the impact of a remote (non-existent) peer on children's food choice of familiar v. unfamiliar low- and high-energy-dense food products. In a computer task, children (n 316; 50·3 % boys; mean age 7·13 (sd 0·75) years) were asked to choose between pictures of ...
Kac Gilberto - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether household food insecurity (HFI) is associated with a higher prevalence of excessive weight (EW) in a large random sample of Brazilian female adolescents. DESIGN: Nationally representative cross-sectional study. EW was the outcome variable (BMI ≥ 85th percentile of WHO reference for adolescents aged 15-18 years and ...
Corrigan Mandy - - 2012
Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is a common and life-threatening infectious complication of home parenteral nutrition (PN). CRBSI is associated with hospital admissions, morbidity, mortality, loss of venous access, and healthcare costs. Ethanol has bactericidal and fungicidal properties, making it an ideal locking solution for preventing CRBSI. The authors report 6 ...
Hartmann Andrea Sabrina - - 2012
To compare laboratory food intake, negative mood and trait impulsivity and their association with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and loss of control (LOC) eating in youth (middle childhood to early adolescence). Ninety 10-14year old youths with symptoms of ADHD, symptoms of LOC eating, and control participants took part in ...
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