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Barak Farzaneh F Food Security Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran; Department of Community Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Science, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Few data, with conflicting findings, are available linking red meat consumption to indicators of insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction. This study aimed to investigate the association of red meat consumption with insulin resistance and endothelial dysfunction among a sample of female nurses in Isfahan, Iran. This cross-sectional study was carried ...
Cook Toni M - - 2014
The dietary content of advice in men's lifestyle magazines has not been closely scrutinised. We carried out an analysis of such content in all 2009 issues (n = 11) of Men's Health (MH) focusing on muscularity, leanness and weight control. Promotion of a mesomorphic body image underpinned advice to affect ...
Grünwald Stefanie S a Molecular Nutrition Research, Interdisciplinary Research Center , Justus-Liebig-University of Giessen , Giessen , - - 2014
Acrylamide is a toxic ingredient generated as a by-product of the Maillard reaction in starchy foods processed at temperatures above 120°C. Here we used the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum as a model organism to test the effects of acrylamide on fitness and survival. Beetles were fed on flour spiked ...
Aparicio-Llopis Estefania E Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Nutrition and Mental Health Research Group (NUTRISAM), Institut de Investigació Sanitaria Pere Virgili (IISPV), Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV), Reus, - - 2014
This study examines dietary intake according to the course of risk of eating disorder (rED) in a sample of school-age followed from preadolescence to adolescence. An initial sample of 1 336 adolescents completed the Children's Eating Attitudes Test, and we selected a group with rED and a control group randomly. Two ...
Johnson Branden L BL U.S. Geological Survey, Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center, Corvallis, Oregon, - - 2014
Invasive species are important drivers of environmental change in aquatic ecosystems, and can alter habitat characteristics, community composition, and ecosystem energetics. Such changes have important implications for many ecosystem processes, including the bioaccumulation and biomagnification of contaminants through food webs. We measured mercury in two non-native and one native crayfish ...
Backholer Kathryn K Kathryn Backholer, Anna Peeters, and Alison Beauchamp are with the Obesity and Population Health Unit, Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, Australia. Kylie Ball is with the Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, Deakin University, Melbourne, Australia. Gavin Turrell is with the School of Public Health and Social Work/Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia. Jane Martin is with the Obesity Policy Coalition, Melbourne, Australia. Julie Woods is with the School of Exercise and Nutrition Science, Deakin - - 2014
We developed a theoretical framework to organize obesity prevention interventions by their likely impact on the socioeconomic gradient of weight. The degree to which an intervention involves individual agency versus structural change influences socioeconomic inequalities in weight. Agentic interventions, such as standalone social marketing, increase socioeconomic inequalities. Structural interventions, such ...
Mpr Prasad P National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, - - 2014
Sorghum, small seeded grass, is an important food crop and chief energy source for the people of semi-arid regions of the world. In India, sorghum production and consumption was decreased to post green revolution, but it is gaining its momentum due to numerous health and nutritional benefits. An understanding of ...
Nishizawa Hideaki H Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University, Yoshida Honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The red-eared slider (Trachemys scripta) is an invasive turtle species that is displacing the populations of native freshwater turtles in many countries. However, the mechanism that makes red-eared sliders superior competitors has been less well studied. In this study, we compare the feeding kinematics of the red-eared slider with those ...
Binmore Kenneth K Economics Department, University College London, London EC2V 5HA, United Kingdom - - 2014
The idea that human morality might be the product of evolution is not popular. The reason is partly that the moral principles that actually govern our day-to-day behavior have been idealized in a way that makes a natural origin seem impossible. This paper puts the case for a more down-to-earth ...
Julshamn Kaare K National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research (NIFES), P.O. Box 2029 Nordnes, N-5817 Bergen, - - 2015
The aim of this paper is to evaluate the food safety of the red king crab from Norwegian waters and obtain information on possible geographical and gender differences. Samples of claw and leg meat of 185 red king crabs (Paralithodes camtschaticus), collected from 23 positions in the Barents Sea, were ...
Xing Meiyan M The Institute of Biofilm Technology, State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resources Reuse, Key Laboratory of Yangtze River Water Environment, Ministry of Education, College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, - - 2014
The sludge reduction capability (VSS reduction) of vermifilter (VF) was 14.7% higher than that of conventional biofilter (BF) due to the fact that there was a net loss of biomass and energy when the food web in VF is extended. Therefore, feeding behavior and trophic relationship of earthworms and other ...
Deckwart Marina - - 2014
Fining of wine with proteinogenic fining agents like casein from cow`s milk is a traditional and commonly used technique all over the world. Casein as well as other proteins from cow´s milk are well-known food allergens which pose a risk for allergic consumers. Temporary regulations exempting the labeling of milk ...
Tang Si S Department of Ecology & Evolution, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 60637, - - 2014
Food webs have markedly non-random network structure. Ecologists maintain that this non-random structure is key for stability, since large random ecological networks would invariably be unstable and thus should not be observed empirically. Here we show that a simple yet overlooked feature of natural food webs, the correlation between the ...
Harano Ken-Ichi KI Honeybee Science Research Center, Tamagawa University, Machida, Tokyo, 194-8610, Japan, - - 2014
Before foraging honeybees leave the hive, each bee loads its crop with some amount of honey "fuel" depending on the distance to the food source and foraging experience. For pollen collection, there is evidence that foragers carry additional honey as "glue" to build pollen loads. This study examines whether pollen ...
Takemoto Kazuhiro K Department of Bioscience and Bioinformatics, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Kawazu 680-4, Iizuka, Fukuoka 820-8502, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Ecological networks exhibit non-random structural patterns, such as modularity and nestedness, which indicate ecosystem stability, species diversity, and connectance. Such structure-stability relationships are well known. However, another important perspective is less well understood: the relationship between the environment and structure. Inspired by theoretical studies that suggest that network structure can ...
Morrogh-Bernard Helen C HC The Orang-Utan Tropical Peatland Project, University of Palangka Raya, Palangka Raya, - - 2014
This study was conducted to see how orang-utans (Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii) were coping with fine-scale habitat disturbance in a selectively logged peat swamp forest in Central Kalimantan, Borneo. Seven habitat classes were defined, and orang-utans were found to use all of these, but were selective in their preference for certain ...
Turschak Benjamin A - - 2014
Aquatic food webs that incorporate multiple energy channels (e.g., nearshore benthic and pelagic) with varying productivity and turnover rates convey stability to biological communities by providing independent energy sources. Within the Lake Michigan food web, invasive dreissenid mussels have caused rapid changes to food web structure and potentially altered the ...
Soltan Dallal Mohammad Mehdi MM Food Microbiology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran ; Division of Microbiology, Department of Pathobiology, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR - - 2014
Despite of the advances in infectious diseases prevention and food technology, food-borne diseases are considered major problems in developed and developing countries. Meat plays a key role in transferring zoonotic diseases to human. This study was conducted in south of Tehran, Iran, to investigate the prevalence rate of Salmonella spp. ...
Inglett George E GE Functional Foods Research Unit,National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, USDA, Agricultural Research Service, 1815 N University Street, Peoria, IL, 61604, - - 2014
Omega-3 of chia seeds (Salvia hispanica L.) and soluble β-glucan of oat products are known for lowering blood cholesterol and preventing coronary heart disease. Nutrim, oat bran concentrate (OBC), and whole oat flour (WOF) were composited with finely ground chia, and used in cookies at 20% replacement of wheat flour ...
Zellner Debra A DA Department of Psychology, Montclair State University, Montclair, NJ 07043. Electronic address: - - 2014
Diners in a restaurant were served the same meal (composed of a sautéed chicken breast with a fines herbes sauce, brown rice pilaf, and sautéed green beans with toasted almonds served on a round white china plate). The same food was presented in two different arrangements on two different nights. ...
Agyeman Fred O FO Department of Environmental Resources Engineering, College of Environmental Science and Forestry, State University of New York, 1 Forestry Drive, 402 Baker Lab, Syracuse, NY 13210, - - 2014
This study was to comprehensively evaluate the effects of food waste particle size on co-digestion of food waste and dairy manure at organic loading rates increased stepwise from 0.67 to 3g/L/d of volatile solids (VS). Three anaerobic digesters were fed semi-continuously with equal VS amounts of food waste and dairy ...
Takahashi Koshiro K Faculty of Agriculture, Saga - - 2014
Sake lees are solid parts filtered from the mash of sake, the traditional rice wine of Japan, which is brewed with Aspergillus oryzae and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The moisture-holding activity of sake lees has long been recognized in Japan. However, the constituent responsible for this activity has not been elucidated. In ...
- - 2014
The editors of the Pan African Medical Journal retract the manuscript above. The manuscript has been the subject of a protracted and unresolved authors dispute. Not all the authors listed in this manuscript consented to the retraction.
Perkins Matthew J MJ Centre for Ecology and Conservation, University of Exeter, Penryn, Cornwall, United - - 2014
Increasingly, stable isotope ratios of nitrogen (δ15N) and carbon (δ13C) are used to quantify trophic structure, though relatively few studies have tested accuracy of isotopic structural measures. For laboratory-raised and wild-collected plant-invertebrate food chains spanning four trophic levels we estimated nitrogen range (NR) using δ15N, and carbon range (CR) using ...
Rodríguez-Martín Boris C BC Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Central University "Marta Abreu" of Las Villas Santa Clara, - - 2014
Food cravings refer to an intense desire to eat specific foods. The Food Cravings Questionnaire-Trait (FCQ-T) is the most commonly used instrument to assess food cravings as a multidimensional construct. Its 39 items have an underlying nine-factor structure for both the original English and Spanish version; but subsequent studies yielded ...
Dunne Jennifer A JA Santa Fe Institute, , 1399 Hyde Park Road, Santa Fe, NM 87501, USA, Pacific Ecoinformatics and Computational Ecology Lab, , Berkeley, CA 94703, USA, Department of Paleobiology, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, , Washington, DC 20013-7012, USA, Department of Entomology and Behavior, Ecology, Evolution and Systematics Program, University of Maryland, , College Park, MD 20742, USA, Microsoft Research, , Cambridge CB3 OFB, - - 2014
Generalities of food web structure have been identified for extant ecosystems. However, the trophic organization of ancient ecosystems is unresolved, as prior studies of fossil webs have been limited by low-resolution, high-uncertainty data. We compiled highly resolved, well-documented feeding interaction data for 700 taxa from the 48 million-year-old latest early ...
Saporiti Fabiana F Department of Animal Biology and Institut de Recerca de la Biodiversitat (IRBio), Faculty of Biology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, - - 2014
The human exploitation of marine resources is characterised by the preferential removal of the largest species. Although this is expected to modify the structure of food webs, we have a relatively poor understanding of the potential consequences of such alteration. Here, we take advantage of a collection of ancient consumer ...
Strong Justin S JS Department of Biology, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, NL, Canada; Biology Department, Concordia University, Montreal, QC, - - 2014
The island of Newfoundland is unique because it has as many non-native terrestrial mammals as native ones. The impacts of non-native species on native flora and fauna can be profound and invasive species have been identified as one of the primary drivers of species extinction. Few studies, however, have investigated ...
Sfar Nasibah N Department of Biology, University of Cologne, Cologne, - - 2014
There are two major theories that attempt to explain hand preference in non-human primates-the 'task complexity' theory and the 'postural origins' theory. In the present study, we proposed a third hypothesis to explain the evolutionary origin of hand preference in non-human primates, stating that it could have evolved owing to ...
Lee J - - 2013
Crohn's disease is a debilitating chronic inflammatory bowel disease. Appropriate use of diet and nutritional therapy is integral to the overall management strategy of Crohn's disease. The aim was to develop evidence-based guidelines on the dietary management of Crohn's disease in adults. Questions relating to the dietary management of Crohn's ...
Mirokuji Yoshiharu - - 2013
Using the procedure devised by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA), we performed safety evaluations on four flavoring substances structurally related to menthol (l-menthyl 2-methylbutyrate, dl-menthyl octanoate, dl-menthyl palmitate, and dl-menthyl stearate) uniquely used in Japan. While no genotoxicity study data were available in the literature, all ...
Yang Ji-Yeon - - 2013
The acaricidal potential of active constituent isolated from Schizonepeta tenuifolia oil and its structurally related derivatives were evaluated using filter paper and impregnated cotton fabric disk bioassays against house dust and stored food mites. The acaricidal constituent of S. tenuifolia oil was isolated by chromatographic techniques and identified as 2-isopropyl-5-methylcyclohexanone ...
Albouy Camille - - 2013
Climate change is inducing deep modifications in species geographic ranges worldwide. However, the consequences of such changes on community structure are still poorly understood, particularly the impacts on food-web properties. Here we propose a new framework, coupling species distribution and trophic models, to predict climate change impacts on food-web structure ...
Erdo─čan Serkan - - 2013
As a reflection of different life styles and environment, the tongue of vertebrates, which plays a major role in the intake and swallowing of food, displays significant morphological differences. The gross form and microscopic structure of the avian tongue differ greatly according to lifestyle. The avian tongue plays a fundamental ...
McClements David Julian - - 2013
Introduction: The oral bioavailability of many lipophilic bioactives, such as pharmaceuticals and nutraceuticals, is relatively low due to their poor solubility, permeability and/or chemical stability within the human gastrointestinal tract (GIT). The oral bioavailability of lipophilic bioactives can be improved by designing food matrices that control their release, solubilization, transport ...
Melone Federica - - 2013
An unprecedented analytical method that allows simultaneous structural and quantitative characterization of all the functional groups present in tannins is reported. In situ labeling of all the labile H groups (aliphatic, and phenolic hydroxyls and carboxylic acids) with a phosphorus containing reagent (Cl-TMDP) followed by quantitative 31P-NMR acquisition, constitutes a ...
Jassey Vincent E J - - 2013
Although microorganisms are the primary drivers of biogeochemical cycles, the structure and functioning of microbial food webs are poorly studied. This is the case in Sphagnum peatlands, where microbial communities play a key role in the global carbon cycle. Here, we explored the structure of the microbial food web from ...
Collins Damian - - 2013
Exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is associated with a broad range of health risks. This study assessed the impacts of cooking smoke and environmental tobacco smoke on air quality at outdoor community events in Edmonton, Alberta (Canada). Data were collected at three festivals in July-August 2011 using a portable ...
Dam Svend - - 2013
Legume food allergy, such as allergy toward peanuts and soybeans, is a health issue predicted to worsen as dietary advice recommends higher intake of legume-based foods. Lotus japonicus (Lotus) is an established legume plant model system for studies of symbiotic and pathogenic microbial interactions and, due to its well characterized ...
Westphal Götz Alexander - - 2013
Aim: Research on renewable fuels has to assess possible adverse health, ecological risks as well as conflicts with global food supply. This investigation compares two newly developed biogenic diesel fuels - and jatropha methyl ester (JME) - with fossil diesel fuel (DF) and rapeseed methyl ester (RME) for their emissions ...
Kanaya Gen - - 2013
Temporal changes in benthic food web structure were analyzed in an artificial tidal flat in inner Tokyo Bay, Japan, using carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratios (δ(13)C and δ(15)N). Microphytobenthos were the most important food sources of macrozoobenthos, due to high microphytobenthic biomass on the tidal flat, while phytoplankton in ...
Santos Keity Souza - - 2013
SCOPE: Manioc (Manihot esculenta) is a tuber mainly consumed in the Southern Hemisphere and used worldwide by food and chemistry industry. We aimed to recombinantly produce and characterize the first manioc allergen and evaluate its IgE reactivity in sera of Brazilian and Italian patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: The molecule, termed ...
van Venrooij Lenny M W - - 2013
Loss of body tissue resulting in undernutrition can be caused by reduced food intake, altered metabolism, ageing, and physical inactivity. The predominant cause of undernutrition before cardiac operations is unknown. First, we explored the association of reduced food intake and inactivity with undernutrition in patients before elective cardiac operations. Second, ...
Wang Yang - - 2013
Profilins from numerous species are known to be allergens, including food allergens, such as peanut (Arachis hypogaea) allergen Ara h 5, and pollen allergens, such as birch allergen Bet v 2. Patients with pollen allergy can also cross-react to peanut. Structural characterization of allergens will allow a better understanding of ...
Tetens Inge - - 2013
Dietary intakes of plant lignans have been hypothesized to be inversely associated with the risk of developing cardiovascular disease and cancer. Earlier studies were based on a Finnish lignan database (Fineli(®)) with two lignan precursors, secoisolariciresinol (SECO) and matairesinol (MAT). More recently, a Dutch database, including SECO and MAT and ...
Goda Mami - - 2013
Three unknown colors (A1, A2 and A3) in Food red No. 102 (R102) were identified by LC-MS and NMR analysis. Red dye A1 was azo rubine (AZO), which is not designated as a coloring agent in Japan. Red dye A2 was a structural isomer of Fast Red E (FRE), which ...
Clitherow Leonie R LR Faculty of Biological Science/water@leeds, University of Leeds, Leeds, United - - 2013
Glacier retreat is occurring across the world, and associated river ecosystems are expected to respond more rapidly than those in flowing waters in other regions. The river environment directly downstream of a glacier snout is characterised by extreme low water temperature and unstable channel sediments but these habitats may become ...
Brind'amour Anik A IFREMER, Fisheries Ecology and Modelling Department, Ifremer, Nantes, - - 2013
Recently revisited, the concept of niche ecology has lead to the formalisation of functional and trophic niches using stable isotope ratios. Isotopic diversity indices (IDI) derived from a set of measures assessing the dispersion/distribution of points in the δ-space were recently suggested and increasingly used in the literature. However, three ...
Doi Hideyuki H Graduate School of Life Sciences, Tohoku University , Katahira, Aoba-ku, Sendai , Japan ; Institute for Sustainable Sciences and Development, Hiroshima University , Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima , - - 2013
Resources and organisms in food webs are distributed patchily. The spatial structure of food webs is important and critical to understanding their overall structure. However, there is little available information about the small-scale spatial structure of food webs. We investigated the spatial structure of food webs in a lake ecosystem ...
Nwaru Bright I BI School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland. - - 2013
Emerging evidence questions current recommendations on the timing of infant feeding for the prevention of childhood allergies. The evidence for asthma is inconclusive. We sought to investigate the associations between the duration of breast-feeding and timing of introduction of complementary foods and the development of asthma and allergies by the ...
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