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- - 2011
This report represents the conclusions of a Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee convened to evaluate the safety of various flavouring agents, with a view to concluding as to safety concerns and to preparing specifications for identity and purity. The Committee also evaluated the risk posed by two food contaminants, with the ...
Neilson Andrew P - - 2011
Flavan-3-ols are a major subclass of the class of plant phytochemicals known as flavonoids. Flavan-3-ols are commonly found in fruit, vegetable, and botanical products, including tea, cocoa, grapes, and apples. Both monomeric catechins and polymeric procyanidins are common in the diet, along with several derivatives produced by degradation of these ...
Starkenmann Christian - - 2011
This paper discusses the discovery of uncommon taste or trigeminal active compounds and their associated sensory analysis using human tasting panels with the aim of enhancing the overall taste experience whilst reducing where possible the sugar and salt content of foods. The first example outlines the discovery of the sensory ...
Ge Keyou - - 2011
China promulgated her first food based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) in 1989. It was proposed by the standing board of Chinese Nutrition Society. The guidelines consisted of 8 items, each followed by a paragraph of explanation words. The second FBDGs came out in 1997, was expanded to include 3 parts i.e. ...
- - 2011
This report represents the conclusions of a Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee convened to evaluate the safety of various food contaminants, with the aim to advise on risk management options for the purpose of public health protection. The first part of the report contains a general discussion of the principles governing ...
Pallela Ramjee - - 2011
The enormousness of species diversity of oceans leads to the isolation and development of health- and beauty-enhancing components from various marine organisms. The significance of these marine-derived compounds or substances has been scientifically well implied for various biological and biomedical parameters. One such important parameter is photoprotectivity, which is the ...
Jackson Mitchell A - - 2011
To evaluate the effect of a new, prescription-only medical food supplement containing omega-3 and omega-6 essential fatty acids on dry eye signs and symptoms, with or without concomitant topical cyclosporine. A total of 43 subjects were randomized and followed for 6 months. Group 1 (n = 23) was assigned to ...
Abrahamczyk Stefan - - 2011
Tropical South America is rich in different groups of pollinators, but the biotic and abiotic factors determining the geographical distribution of their species richness are poorly understood. We analyzed the species richness of three groups of pollinators (bees and wasps, butterflies, hummingbirds) in six tropical forests in the Bolivian lowlands ...
Zuercher Jennifer L - - 2011
One might assume that individuals living in the same household have similar dietary intakes of food groups and nutrients. However, the manner in which an adult's dietary intake affects children's food consumption, diet quality (defined as meeting intake recommendations), and meal sizes is understudied to date. The objective of this ...
van der Post Daniel J - - 2011
Many animals live in groups. One proposed reason is that grouping allows cooperative food finding. Group foraging models suggest that grouping could increase food finding rates, but that such group processes could be evolutionarily unstable. These models assume discrete food patches which are fully detectable. However, often animals may only ...
Lordan Sinéad - - 2011
The marine environment represents a relatively untapped source of functional ingredients that can be applied to various aspects of food processing, storage, and fortification. Moreover, numerous marine-based compounds have been identified as having diverse biological activities, with some reported to interfere with the pathogenesis of diseases. Bioactive peptides isolated from ...
Wolraich David - - 2010
We describe a medically complex 4-year-old child with a history of chronic unilateral myringotomy tube otorrhea and laryngopharyngeal reflux who was diagnosed with a patulous eustachian tube. The diagnosis was confirmed by nasopharyngoscopy, retrieval of food from the affected ear after oral challenges with green dye, and computed tomography. The ...
Peraica Maja - - 2010
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a mycotoxin with nephrotoxic, genotoxic and carcinogenic properties produced by Penicillium and Aspergillus moulds under different climatic conditions. Humans and animals are exposed to this compound mainly via ingestion of contaminated food. In Croatia, research on mycotoxins focused on OTA when the mycotoxin theory of endemic ...
Ros Emilio - - 2010
Nuts (tree nuts and peanuts) are nutrient dense foods with complex matrices rich in unsaturated fatty and other bioactive compounds: high-quality vegetable protein, fiber, minerals, tocopherols, phytosterols, and phenolic compounds. By virtue of their unique composition, nuts are likely to beneficially impact health outcomes. Epidemiologic studies have associated nut consumption ...
Nielsen Simon U - - 2010
We report a suicidal ingestion of six cylindrical and four button batteries, in combination with overdosed prescription medicine and smoking of cannabis.
Denli Muzaffer - - 2010
Ochratoxin A (OTA) has been shown to be a potent nephrotoxic, hepatotoxic, and teratogenic compound. In farm animals, the intake of feed contaminated with OTA affects animal health and productivity, and may result in the presence of OTA in the animal products. Strategies for the control of OTA in food ...
Saxena R B - - 2010
The crude oil having lower iodine and free fatty acids values has Aamdosha properties. These properties are present due to toxic and anti-toxic compounds. These compounds can be harmful for the special diseases and may be unsaturated, saturated, open chain etc. The adulteration can take part as catalytic action for ...
Story Erica N EN Department of Food, Bioprocessing, and Nutrition Sciences at North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina 27695, USA. - - 2010
Lycopene is a non-provitamin A carotenoid that is responsible for the red to pink colors seen in tomatoes, pink grapefruit, and other foods. Processed tomato products are the primary dietary lycopene source in the United States. Unlike many other natural compounds, lycopene is generally stable to processing when present in ...
Kawamoto Shin-ichiro - - 2009
Tooth loss accompanied by a massive defect of the alveolar bone can cause serious problems such as food deposit and esthetic impairment. This report describes procedures for the fabrication of an osseous defect obturator prosthesis connected to a fixed partial denture by a magnetic attachment along with the clinical outcome.
de Souza Raphael Freitas - - 2009
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the pattern of maxillary complete denture movement during chewing for free-end removable partial dentures (RPD) wearers, compared to maxillary and mandibular complete denture wearers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen edentulous participants (group I) and 10 volunteers with bilateral posterior edentulous mandibles (group II) comprised the sample. Measures of ...
Abbas Asghar - - 2009
The title compound, C(14)H(20)O(3), is a synthetic analogue with a long aliphatic side chain of the important food additive and flavoring agent, vanillin. There are two independent mol-ecules in the asymmetric unit, each having an essentially planar conformation (r.m.s. deviations of 0.023 and 0.051Å for all non-H atoms of the ...
Argov Nurit N Department of food Science and Technology, University of California, Davis, 1 Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616, United - - 2008
The biological process of fat globule assembly and secretion produces highly complex globule compositions and structures with many properties now recognized to be the direct result of these structures. During homogenization, fat globules are broken down and subsequently structures and surfaces different than the native state are formed. This process ...
Nguyen Simone P - - 2008
Evaluative categories include items that share the same value- laden assessment. Given that these categories have not been examined extensively within the child concepts literature, the present research explored evaluative categorization and induction within the domain of food as a test case. Specifically, two studies examined the categories of healthy ...
Shimizu Hiroshi - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the transverse strength of denture base resin repaired with autopolymerizing resin and metal wire using a metal conditioner, along with the synergistic effect of a surface preparation for denture base resin. It was found that the use of Co-Cr-Ni wires air abraded ...
Díaz-Güemes Idoia - - 2007
Objectives.  This study was designed to assess vagus nerve stimulation effects on the food intake pattern in swine and determine the electrical stimulus direction. Material and Methods.  Fifteen Large White pigs were randomly divided into three groups, groups A-C. All animals underwent implantation of a vagus nerve stimulator at the ...
Anastassiadou Vassiliki - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The development of a measure, with complimentary normative and perceived needs, for the investigation of functional impairment of individual patients and the investigation of the physical causative bases of impairment. SUBJECTS: A consecutive sample of 119 complete denture (CD) wearers attending a Greek department of prosthetic dentistry took part ...
Sarıkaya Rabia - - 2005
In this study, four food preservatives (sodium nitrate, sodium nitrite, potassium nitrate and potassium nitrite) and there five combinations at a concentration of 25mM have been evaluated for genotoxicity in the somatic mutation and recombination test (SMART) of Drosophila melanogaster. Three-day-old larvae trans-heterozygous including two linked recessive wing hair mutations ...
Dutta N N - - 2005
Coins, playing toys etc. are the commonest foreign bodies of food and air passages in children, but such an unusual and large size foreign body in nasopharynx is not very common. Due to structure of the bangle there was no alarming symptoms.
Komínek Pavel - - 2005
In an endoscopically performed conjunctivodacryocystorhinostomy, insertion of a Jones glass tube can be difficult if the nasal end of the tube draws soft tissue around the tunnel in front of the tube. A urologic Tiemann catheter has been used for Jones tube placement in 44 cases since 2001. The tube ...
Oths Kathryn S - - 2003
The prestige value of food and food behaviors is a topic of inquiry that complements the study of nutritional aspects of food use. In this work, varying social groups in Brazil are examined with regard to their evaluation of the status of available foods, and in turn, the frequencies with ...
Matsumoto Sumio - - 2002
Reusable trocars have the advantage of being more cost-effective than disposable trocars. However, the reusable trocar does lose its sharpness on insertion with repetitive insertion. Nonreusable trocars are expensive, but the sharpness of the knife facilitates insertion. Nonreusable trocars have a safety shield system designed to decrease abdominal organ injury, ...
Ehleringer James R - - 2002
Plants respond to changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide. To herbivores, the decreased leaf protein contents and increased C/N ratios common to all leaves under elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide imply a reduction in food quality. In addition to these fine-scale adjustments, the abundance of C(3) and C(4) plants (particularly grasses) are ...
Ostry Vladimir - - 2002
An occurrence of the toxigenic fungi producing aflatoxins and ochratoxin A in food was investigated in the study ("MYCOMON") in years 1999-2001. Twenty five commodities were purchased from retail in twelve collection places in the Czech Republic (300 food samples together). The presence of potentially toxigenic fungiAspergillus flavus was observed ...
Ostry V - - 2001
The occurrence of toxigenic fungi producing aflatoxins and ochratoxin A in foodstuffs was studied in the Czech Republic. Twenty five commodities were collected at twelve collection places in the Czech Republic (300 food samples). The presence of potentially toxigenicAspergillus flavus was observed in 28% of the sampled foods (black pepper, ...
Altman E - - 2001
Closed tube thoracostomy is a standard procedure for the evacuation of air, blood, or other materials from the pleural space. This paper describes a modification of the Seldinger technique that facilitates chest tube insertion. Either a Nelaton or Thieman catheter is threaded into the side drainage hole and out the ...
Webb B C - - 1998
Species of Candida and in particular Candida albicans may be involved in the aetiology of denture stomatitis. Studies have shown that Candida and other oral micro-organisms including Streptococcus gordonii are associated with denture plaque; hence denture hygiene is an important factor in the prevention and treatment of the disease. The ...
Ettinger R L - - 1998
Food plays a significant and essential role in the survival of all people. There has been a suggestion that there is a strong association between changes in dental status such as loss of teeth and denture wearing and low intake of essential nutrients. This paper explores the relationship between diet ...
Wang R R - - 1997
The disadvantages of an open-type hollow obturator include difficulty in polishing and cleaning of the internal surface, food accumulation in the hollow obturator and inability to obtain support from the superior aspect in the defect area. This article describes and easy time-saving procedure that uses visible light-activated denture base materials ...
Lindstrom G - - 1997
We have recently reported increased concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls and chlordane compounds in adipose tissue from patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) compared with surgical controls. As a feasibility project we have now studied the occurrence of polybrominated diphenyls ethers (PBDE) in the same study population. Four samples of adipose tissue ...
Garrett N R - - 1996
Clinicians reline or replace dentures to improve occlusion, stability, retention and facial support. They believe that well-fitting dentures will maintain supporting tissues in good health and satisfy patients by improving oral function and self-esteem. In this study, satisfaction of 21 patients with poorly fitting dentures was assessed before and after ...
Wing R R - - 1996
This article reports the results of two studies evaluating strategies to improve maintenance of weight loss. Study 1 evaluated the effect of frequent contact with patients through phone calls designed to promote adherence to self-monitoring; Study 2 evaluated a crisis intervention model, where subjects could obtain food boxes during high-risk ...
Minagi S - - 1995
The accumulation of food debris in the buccal vestibule can inhibit normal mastication and appears to be a factor that can cause patient discomfort. This study focused on the effect of the slope inclination of the buccal polished surface of the mandibular denture base on the ability to expel test-food ...
Khoury D A - - 1995
Widespread popularity of the double-stapler technique has created the potential for anal sphincter and anal canal injury during transanal insertion of the end-to-end anastomosing stapler. The Faensler operating anoscope helps eliminate that potential by symmetrically dilating the anal canal, thereby permitting atraumatic insertion of the end-to-end anastomosing stapler.
Pietrokovski J - - 1995
Many removable-denture wearers do not keep their prostheses clean. One result of poor hygiene is the accumulation of plaque and/or food debris on the denture surfaces, the oral tissues, the residual ridges, palate, cheeks, and tongue. In the study of the oral conditions of geriatric patients living in institutions, 610 ...
Cohen B I - - 1994
A new denture product, Denture Shield is described. This product was designed to aid denture wearers. It results in sealing the external surfaces of denture which provides comfort, cleansability and reduces odour while the denture is under function in the mouth. A trial was conducted in which 133 persons were ...
Sindel D W - - 1994
Aluminum is one type of metal base material used as an alternative to acrylic resin. This study evaluated whether commonly used denture cleansers cause leaching of the metal base into the cleaning solution. Seven cleansers (Efferdent, Polident, Clorox, Clorox/Cascade, vinegar, Tartar and Stain Remover, and Ivory soap) and two controls ...
Tucker S M - - 1993
BACKGROUND: The authors report a patient with a cryotherapy-induced scleral melt after combined excision and cryotherapy of a conjunctival melanoma arising within primary acquired melanosis with atypia. FINDINGS: In a 65-year-old white man, a severe scleral melt developed within 1 month of complete excision of a superficial conjunctival melanoma combined ...
Minagi S - - 1992
The accumulation of food debris in the buccal vestibule surrounding a mandibular denture flange was studied. This investigation focused on the effect of the thickness, physiologic molding, and slope of the buccal flange of denture base on the patient's ability to expel test-food particles from the area. Experimental denture bases ...
Chan K C - - 1992
Although the use of cavity varnishes with composite resins has traditionally been discouraged, several "resin-compatible" varnishes are currently available. This in vitro study evaluated the effects of resin-compatible cavity varnishes on a hybrid composite resin. The results of the study indicate that these varnishes soften the composite resin in contact ...
Drake D - - 1992
The purpose of this investigation was to develop a new, in vitro bacteria-yeast denture colonization model. Candida albicans and Streptococcus mutans, organisms associated with denture stomatitis, reproducibly colonized denture blanks in high numbers. Both Efferdent and Super-Strength Polident were able to substantially reduce or eliminate colonizing S mutans. In sharp ...
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