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Mischek Daniela - - 2011
An exposure assessment was performed to estimate the potential intake of preservatives in the Austrian population. Food consumption data of different population groups, such as preschool children aged 3-6 years, female and male adults aged 19-65 years were used for calculation. Levels of the preservatives in food were derived from ...
Reyes-Cabello Carmen - - 2011
Endocannabinoids (anandamide and 2-AG) are relevant modulators of appetite and energy expenditure through their action on cannabinoid CB(1) receptors. The actions of anandamide on feeding behavior are dependent both, on the anatomical location of CB(1) receptors (central nervous system versus peripheral tissues) and the feeding status. Anandamide uptake into cells, ...
Cornelis C - - 2011
With the objective to evaluate exposure of the population in Flanders (Belgium) to perfluorinated compounds (PFCs), we measured perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) in settled dust in homes and offices, in a selection of food items from local origin, in drinking-water and in human serum. We complemented the ...
Sessa Mariarenata - - 2011
Resveratrol was encapsulated in oil-in-water food-grade nanoemulsions of subcellular size, produced by high-pressure homogenization. Physicochemical stability was evaluated under accelerated aging (high temperature and UV light exposure), as well as during simulated gastrointestinal digestion. Antioxidant activity was assessed at different stages of digestion by chemical assays and by an improved ...
Segovia Bravo K - - 2012
  Consumers demand, in addition to excellent eating quality, high standards of microbial and chemical safety in shelf-stable foods. This requires improving conventional processing technologies and developing new alternatives such as pressure-assisted thermal processing (PATP). Studies in PATP foods on the kinetics of chemical reactions at temperatures (approximately 100 to ...
Pérez-Jiménez Jara - - 2011
More than 500 phenolic compounds have been reported as present in foodstuffs and their intake has been related to the prevention of several chronic diseases. Most of the literature on phenolic compounds focuses on those present in the supernatant of aqueous-organic extractions: extractable phenolics. Nevertheless, significant amounts of phenolic compounds ...
Shapiro Geoffrey I - - 2012
Panobinostat is a novel oral pan-deacetylase inhibitor with promising anti-cancer activity. The study aimed to determine the influence of food on the oral bioavailability of panobinostat. This multicenter study consisted of a randomized, three-way crossover, food-effect study period (cycle 1) followed by single-agent panobinostat continual treatment phase in patients with ...
Zielinsky P - - 2011
Objective:To test the hypothesis that maternal restriction of polyphenol-rich foods (PRF), which, like non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAID), inhibit prostaglandin synthesis in the third trimester, reverse fetal ductal constriction (DC).Study Design:An open clinical trial of 51 third trimester fetuses with DC with no history of NSAID intake was designed. All mothers ...
Katayama Shigeru - - 2011
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia and is characterized by the progressive accumulation of amyloid β protein (Aβ) in areas of the brain. There has been an increased interest in screening for food-grade anti-amyloidogenic compounds in food stuffs. The purpose of this study was to screen ...
Haynes P S - - 2011
On sandy beach nursery grounds along the west coast of Ireland, 0 year-group turbot Scophthalmus maximus were found to consume six types of crustaceans, in addition to polychaetes. The 0 year-group brill Scophthalmus rhombus fed almost exclusively on mysids, even though nine taxonomic prey groups were identified in the sediment ...
Anton Stephen D - - 2011
Botanicals represent an important and underexplored source of potential new therapies that may facilitate caloric restriction and thereby may produce long-term weight loss. In particular, one promising botanical that may reduce food intake and body weight by affecting neuroendocrine pathways related to satiety is hydroxycitric acid (HCA) derived from Garcinia ...
Trincone Antonio - - 2011
In this work, a new eco-friendly procedure for the synthesis of hydroxytyrosol and tyrosol α-glycosidic derivatives was proposed by using the marine α-glucosidase from Aplysia fasciata, and a commercial tyrosinase from mushroom for the bioconversion of tyrosol glycosidic derivatives into the corresponding hydroxytyrosol products. New hydroxytyrosol mono- and di-saccharide derivatives ...
Visioli F - - 2011
Epidemiological studies are clear: diets in which plant foods provide the major portion of caloric intake, e.g. the Mediterranean and the Japanese diets, are associated with a reduced risk of certain degenerative diseases like cancer and atherosclerosis. Although fats and proteins in plants, as opposed to those of animal origin, ...
Bisanz Jordan E - - 2011
No matter what the advertisements are, or are not, allowed to say, it would be good to know if probiotic yogurt, in addition to its nutritional value, has a beneficial effect on the gut. In this issue, McNulty, Gordon and their colleagues describe a parallel series of human and animal ...
Nazzaro Filomena - - 2011
Microencapsulation can represent an excellent example of microtechnologies applied to food science and biotechnology. Microencapsulation can be successfully applied to entrap natural compounds, like essential oils or vegetal extracts containing polyphenols with well known antimicrobial properties to be used in food packaging. Microencapsulation preserves lactic acid bacteria, both starters and ...
Ramírez-Moreno E - - 2011
The aim of this work was to estimate the intestinal bioaccessibility of polyphenols and antioxidant capacity of cactus pear using an in vitro gastrointestinal model. The amount of polyphenols released from the food matrix by the action of digestive enzymes was about 69-83% in pulp and 0-14% in seeds. The ...
de Oliveira Luciana Dias - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Although the disadvantages of introducing non-breast milk and the early introduction of complementary foods are known, such practices are common worldwide. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of counseling about breastfeeding and complementary feeding in preventing the introduction of non-breast milk and complementary foods in the first 6months. METHODS: This ...
Thompson Kirrilly - - 2011
This study examined children's subjective perceptions of 'good' and 'bad' foods. Four interactive focus groups were conducted with 27 children aged 5-9 in South Australia. Each focus group was engaged in a food picture sorting activity. Whilst most children were able to discriminate good and bad whole foods or ingredients, ...
Rasmussen Erin B - - 2011
Research on free-food intake suggests that cannabinoids are implicated in the regulation of feeding. Few studies, however, have characterized how environmental factors that affect food procurement interact with cannabinoid drugs that reduce food intake. Demand analysis provides a framework to understand how cannabinoid blockers, such as rimonabant, interact with effort ...
Sharma Ashika - - 2012
Rationale. We sought to evaluate the impact of having an allergist at a food allergy support group (FASG) on the relationship between parents and their child's allergist. Methods. Ninety-eight online surveys were sent to parents who attend a FASG affiliated with our institution. Responses were analyzed looking for reasons for ...
Díaz-Arteaga A - - 2011
Aims: Cannabinoids are known to control energy homeostasis. Atypical cannabinoids produce pharmacological effects via unidentified targets. We sought to investigate whether the atypical cannabinoid O-1602 controls food intake and body weight. Materials and methods: The rats were injected acutely or subchronically with O-1602, and the expression of several factors involved ...
Ferguson Christopher J - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether advertising for food influences choices made by children, the strength of these influences, and whether they might be easily undone by parental influences. STUDY DESIGN: Children between 3 and 8 years of age (n=75) were randomized to watch a series of programs with embedded commercials. Some ...
de Bruijn Gert-Jan - - 2011
An implicit association test (IAT) was used to investigate how habit strength, implicit attitudes and fruit consumption interrelate. Fifty-two participants completed a computerized IAT and provided measures of fruit consumption and related habit strength. Implicit attitudes moderated the habit strength-fruit consumption relationship; stronger relationships were observed when implicit attitudes were ...
Mihalic Jeffrey T - - 2011
A new class of MCHR1 antagonists was discovered via a high-throughput screen. Optimization of the lead structure resulted in the identification of indole 10e. This compound possesses good pharmacokinetic properties across preclinical species and is efficacious in reducing food consumption in an MCH cannulated rat model and a cynomolgus monkey ...
Zaknun Daniela - - 2011
A significant increase in the incidence of allergy and asthma has been observed during the past decades. The background of this phenomenon has not been well explained, but changes in lifestyle and habits are heavily discussed as contributing factors. Among these is a too clean environment, which may predispose individuals ...
Miura Kyoko - - 2011
Lower fruit and vegetable (F/V) intake among socioeconomically disadvantaged groups has been well documented, and may be a consequence of a higher consumption of take-out foods. This study examined whether, and to what extent, take-out food consumption mediated (explained) the association between socioeconomic position and F/V intake. A cross-sectional postal ...
Granado-Lorencio Fernando - - 2011
Bioactive compounds are used in the design and development of new food products with potential health benefits although little is known regarding their bioavailability and interactions. We developed and assessed the stability, in vitro bioaccesibility and human bioavailability of β-cryptoxanthin from a β-cryptoxanthin-rich drink with and without added phytosterols. The ...
Salgado Jocelem Mastrodi - - 2011
Cupuassu (Theobroma grandiflorum) is a fruit tree native to the Brazilian Amazon. Cupuassu beans are extensively used in the Brazilian food industry. Fat from cupuassu beans, which are a rich source of triacylglycerols and fatty acids, is used extensively in the production of candies and confectionery in the northern and ...
Stojanovic Radoslava - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Encapsulation of Thymus serpyllum L. aqueous extract within calcium alginate beads was studied in order to produce dosage formulations containing polyphenolic compounds. Electrostatic extrusion was applied for encapsulation of thyme aqueous extract in alginate gel beads. In addition to hydrogel beads, heat-dried and freeze-dried forms of beads were examined. ...
Gaul Simon - - 2011
Halogenated natural products (HNPs) are frequently detected in marine organisms. High HNP concentrations have previously been found in marine mammals from the Great Barrier Reef, Australia, including in the blubber of herbivorous dugongs (Dugong dugon). To identify the source of HNPs we initially focused on the analysis of Australian seagrass ...
Puangsombat Kanithaporn - - 2011
  Heterocyclic amines (HCAs) are mutagenic compounds formed when foods are cooked at high temperatures. Numerous reports have shown that natural antioxidants from spices, fruits, chocolate, and tea can inhibit formation. In this study, we evaluated HCA formation in the presence of 5 of Asian spices: galangal (Alpinia galangal), fingerroot ...
Bautista-Reyes Fernando - - 2011
To evaluate trophic relationships between ciliates and bacterioplankton during the stratification period in a lake, samples from three different layers [the upper part of the metalimnion (UM), the base of the metalimnion (BM) and the hypolimnion] were studied. The autotrophic picoplankton numbers, phylogenetic composition of heterotrophic picoplankton (HPP), and HPP ...
Emadi L - - 2011
The endocannabinoids (ECBs) have diverse physiological functions including the regulation of food intake and metabolism. In mammals, ECBs regulate feeding primarily through the CB1 receptors within the brain whereas the CB2 receptors are primarily involved in the regulation of immune function by direct action on peripheral immune cells and central ...
Vaslet A - - 2011
The feeding habits and habitats of the speckled worm eel Myrophis punctatus were studied on the mangrove edge of the Indian River Lagoon (IRL, Florida) using gut-content and stable-isotope analyses of carbon (δ(13) C) and nitrogen (δ(15) N). Four taxa were identified through analyses of gut contents, and the index ...
Yaouba Aoudou - - 2011
Investigations were conducted to determine the chemical composition, antifungal and antiradical activities of the essential oil extracted from the fresh leaves of Clausena anisata (Willd.) Hook. F. ex Benth (from Cameroon) against Aspergillus flavus, A. niger, A. parasiticus and Fusarium moniliforme. The essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation was analysed by ...
Loria Kohen V - - 2011
The aim was to compare the differences in feelings of hunger and satiety in a group of overweight/obese women after eating a test meal with or without bread. The study included 122 women (BMI≥25<40 kg/m²) who were randomly assigned to consume one of the following test meals: NO BREAD meal ...
Duthie Garry G - - 2011
Salicylic acid and related compounds are produced by plants as part of their defence systems against pathogen attack and environmental stress. First identified in myrtle and willow, the medical use of salicylate-rich preparations as anti-inflammatory and antipyretic treatments may date back to the third millennium BC. It is now known ...
Stifter Cynthia A - - 2011
The aim of the present study was to explore the parent feeding practice of using food to soothe infant/toddler distress and its relationship to child weight status. Seventy eight families with infants and toddlers (43 males) ranging in age from 3 to 34 months (M=14 mos, SD=9 mos) completed a ...
Bertoli Alessandra - - 2011
Essential oils (EOs) of Achillea millefolium, Myrtus communis, Rosmarinus officinalis, Helichrysum italicum, Foeniculum vulgare and Lavandula angustifolia were analysed with GC-FID and GC-MS in order to define their aromatic profiles and then their toxicity and repellent activity against Sitophilus zeamais Motsch. (Coleoptera Dryophthoridae) with specific bioassays were evaluated. Results from ...
Domingo José L - - 2011
Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) form a diverse group of chemicals with surface-active properties manufactured for over 50years. In recent years, a number of studies have reported the ubiquitous distribution of PFCs in human tissues and wildlife. Although the relative importance of the routes of human exposure to these compounds is not ...
Mutter Sharon A SA Department of Psychology, Western Kentucky University, Bowling Green, KY 42101, USA. - - 2012
In a 2-stage causal learning task, young and older participants first learned which foods presented in compound were followed by an allergic reaction (e.g., STEAK-BEANS→ REACTION) and then the causal efficacy of 1 food from these compounds was revalued (e.g., BEANS→ NO REACTION). In Experiment 1, unrelated food pairs were ...
Minig Marisol - - 2011
Most aroma compounds exist in vegetal tissues as disaccharide conjugates, being rutinose an abundant sugar moiety in grapes. The availability of aroma precursors would facilitate analytical analysis of plant-based foods. The diglycosidase α-rhamnosyl-β-glucosidase from Acremonium sp. DSM 24697 efficiently transglycosylated the rutinose moiety from hesperidin to 2-phenylethanol, geraniol and nerol ...
Koleva Irina I - - 2011
Alkaloid-containing plants are an intrinsic part of the regular Western diet. The present paper summarizes the occurrence of alkaloids in the food chain, their mode of action and possible adverse effects including a safety assessment. Pyrrolizidine alkaloids are a reason for concern because of their bioactivation to reactive alkylating intermediates. ...
Linares Daniel M - - 2011
Biogenic amines (BA) are organic, basic, nitrogenous compounds with biological activity, mainly formed by the decarboxylation of amino acids. BA are present in a wide range of foods, including dairy products, and can accumulate in high concentrations. In some cheeses more than 1000 mg of BA have been detected per ...
Bojanowska E - - 2011
Pharmacological activation of the glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor and inhibition of the cannabinoid CB1 receptor were found to reduce food intake and body weight in humans and animals. Since earlier studies revealed that endocannabinoids may interact with other neurotransmitters to affect feeding behavior, we have examined whether a stable GLP-1 ...
van den Berg Suzanne J P L - - 2011
Botanicals and botanical preparations, including plant food supplements (PFS), are widely used in Western diets. The growing use of PFS is accompanied by an increasing concern because the safety of these PFS is not generally assessed before they enter the market. Regulatory bodies have become more aware of this and ...
Muhialdin Belal J BJ Faculty of Science and Technology, Univ Sains Islam Malaysia Bandar Baru Nilai, Nilai, Negeri Sembilan 71800, Malaysia. - - 2011
In the search for new preservatives from natural resources to replace or to reduce the use of chemical preservatives 4 strains of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) were selected to be evaluated for their antifungal activity on selected foods. The supernatants of the selected strains delayed the growth of fungi for ...
Wollein Uwe - - 2011
A new herbal product advertised as potency pill was sent for analysis by the local authority. The product was tested for the presence of potential derivatives of PDE-5 inhibitors, such as sildenafil, vardenafil, and tadalafil. Sildenafil analogues were identified, in which the piperazine ring and the sulfonyl group were replaced ...
Song Yang - - 2011
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (DL-PCBs) were measured by high resolution gas chromatograph/high resolution mass spectrometer (HRGC/HRMS) in six food groups from Luqiao (LQ) where the e-waste has been recycled and from Yuhang (YH) where the agriculture dominates in Zhejiang Province in China. The total WHO-TEQ values of ...
Ramos C - - 2012
Laurus nobilis L. is an aromatic plant frequently used as a spice in Mediterranean cookery and as a traditional medicine for the treatment of several infectious diseases. The aim of this study was to characterise the antibacterial and antioxidant activities of bay laurel essential oil (EO), ethanolic extract (EE) and ...
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