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Er Demirhan Buket B a Department of Food Analysis, Faculty of Pharmacy , Gazi University , 06330 , Ankara , - - 2014
Abstract In this survey monosodium glutamate (MSG) levels in chicken and beef stock cube samples were determined. A total number of 122 stock cube samples (from brands A, B, C, D) were collected from local markets in Ankara, Turkey. High-performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) was used for ...
Hsieh Yun-Hwa Peggy - - 2014
Europe's recent problems with the adulteration of beef products with horse meat highlight the need for a reliable method for detecting horse meat in food for human consumption. The objective of this study was therefore to develop a reliable monoclonal antibody (mAb) based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for horse meat ...
Costa Wellington Luis Reis WL Pharmacy Faculty, Federal Univ. of Bahia. Rua Barão de Geremoabo, s/n, Ondina, Cep: 40.170-290, Salvador, BA, - - 2014
This study investigated the presence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in raw meat and fish and foods prepared from them for patient consumption in public hospitals in Salvador, Bahia, in northeastern Brazil. A total of 114 samples of raw meat and fish (chicken, n = 30; beef, n = 30; ...
Laska Melissa N MN 1Division of Epidemiology and Community Health,University of Minnesota,1300 South Second Street,Suite 300,Minneapolis,MN - - 2014
(i) To examine associations between young adults' meal routines and practices (e.g. food preparation, meal skipping, eating on the run) and key dietary indicators (fruit/vegetable, fast-food and sugar-sweetened beverage intakes) and (ii) to develop indices of protective and risky meal practices most strongly associated with diet. Cross-sectional survey. Minneapolis/St. Paul ...
Mason Marc A MA 1Laboratory of Epidemiology and Population Sciences,National Institute on Aging,National Institutes of Health,Baltimore,MD - - 2014
Analysing dietary data to capture how individuals typically consume foods is dependent on the coding variables used. Individual foods consumed simultaneously, like coffee with milk, are given codes to identify these combinations. Our literature review revealed a lack of discussion about using combination codes in analysis. The present study identified ...
Hubert Jan J Biologically Active Substance in Crop Protection, Crop Research Institute, Drnovska 507, Praha 6 Ruzyne, Prague, 16106, Czech Republic, - - 2014
From 2008 to 2014, stored product mites have been reported from prepackaged dried food on the market in the Czech Republic. The infestation was by Carpoglyphus lactis (L.) in dried fruits and Tyrophagus putrescentiae (Schrank) in dog feed. The infestation is presumably caused by poor protection of the packages. We ...
- - 2014
Jim Mann tells Fiona Fleck what happened when WHO applied a rigorous new method of scientific evaluation to its guideline recommending that we keep our intake of "free sugars" in food and drink to less than 10% of dietary intake.
Newton Angela E AE Biomolecular Interaction Centre, University of Canterbury, PB 4800, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand; School of Biological Sciences, University of Canterbury, PB 4800, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand; Fonterra Research Centre, Fonterra Co-operative Group Limited, PB 11029, Dairy Farm Road, Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2015
Food systems, such as cream and butter, have an emulsion or emulsion-like structure. When these food emulsions are heated to high temperatures to make products such as ghee, the Maillard reaction forms a range of volatile flavour compounds. The objective of this paper was to unravel the specific influence of ...
Gartaula Ghanendra G Department of Food Technology, GoldenGate International College, Tribhuvan University Kathmandu, - - 2014
Food science and technology education has been running since four decades in Nepal. There is a very slow improvement in the profession. The job opportunities have always been threatened by insiders and outsiders. Academic institutions, government agencies, and food industries themselves are responsible for the quality of food science professionals. ...
Akinyele I O IO University of Ibadan, Faculty of Public Health, Department of Human Nutrition, Ibadan, Nigeria. Electronic address: - - 2015
This study compared the dry ashing and wet digestion methods of processing food samples for elemental analysis. The concentrations of trace elements (manganese, iron, copper and zinc) and heavy metals (chromium, cadmium, lead and nickel) were determined in varieties of samples classified as fruits, leafy and fruity vegetables, tubers, legumes ...
Jiao Guanglian G Gansu academy of Membrane Science and Technology, Duanjiatanlu #1272, Lanzhou, Gansu, 730020, P.R.China. - - 2014
Genetically modified organisms (GMOs), are gaining importance in agriculture as well as the production of food and feed. Along with the development of GMOs, health and food safety concerns have been raised. These concerns for these new GMOs make it necessary to set up strict system on food safety assessment ...
Radcliffe Scott - - 2014
Romer Labs®, Inc. developed an immunochromatographic lateral flow assay for the qualitative detection of gluten in raw ingredients, processed foods, finished food products, and environmental surfaces, using the G12 antibody developed by Belén Morón. The G12 antibody targets a 33-mer peptide which is resistant to enzymatic digestion and heat denaturation, ...
Mazurek Artur A Department of Analysis and Evaluation of Food Quality, University of Life Sciences, Skromna 8, 20-704 Lublin, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2015
In food analysis, a method for determination of vitamin C should enable measuring of total content of ascorbic acid (AA) and dehydroascorbic acid (DHAA) because both chemical forms exhibit biological activity. The aim of the work was to confirm applicability of HPLC-DAD method for analysis of total content of vitamin ...
Zelder Felix F Institute of Chemistry, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zürich, Switzerland. - - 2014
Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a staple food for more than 500 million people, especially in Africa and South America. However, its consumption bears risks as it contains cyanogenic glycosides that convert enzymatically to toxic cyanide during cell damage. To avoid serious health problems by unintentional cyanide intake, this dangerous ...
Dupont S S Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Ghent University, - - 2014
Commercial IgE-based tests are available for diagnosis of food allergies and are commonly used in equine practice. However, these tests have been proven unreliable as a screening method in humans and other species, but not critically evaluated in equines. Therefore, a commercially available IgE-based test for horses was evaluated. To ...
Garrido-Maestu Alejandro A ANFACO-CECOPESCA, Food Safety Division, Campus Univ. 16, 36310 Vigo PO, Spain; Microbiology and Toxins Area, ANFACO-CECOPESCA, Campus Univ. 16, 36310 Vigo PO, - - 2015
In recent years a new genetic target for Vibrio cholerae detection has been reported, but its application was limited to clinical samples. This target, lolB, has never been applied to either food or environmental samples. In the present study the development, as well as the evaluation and pre-validation, of a ...
Pérez Francisca F Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA-CSIC), C/Jordi Girona, 18-26, Catalonia, 08034 Barcelona, - - 2014
This study assessed the levels of 21 perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in 283 food items (38 from Brazil, 35 from Saudi Arabia, 174 from Spain and 36 from Serbia) among the most widely consumed foodstuffs in these geographical areas. These countries were chosen as representatives of the diet in South America, ...
Deflorin Otmar O President of the Swiss Cantonal Chemists Association, Kantonales Laboratorium, Muesmattstrasse 19, CH-3000 Bern 9, Switzerland. - - 2014
Switzerland is a confederation consisting of 26 states, the so-called 'cantons'. In the field of food control, the Swiss federal state is in charge of issuing the regulations (Food law and associated texts), whereas enforcement is assigned to the cantons. The offices in charge of food control are the cantonal ...
Pouyet Virginie V Centre for Food and Hospitality Research, Institut Paul Bocuse, 69130 Ecully, France; AgroParisTech, UMR1145 Ingénierie Procédés Aliments, 91300 Massy, France; INRA, UMR1145 Ingénierie Procédés Aliments, 91300 Massy, France; CNAM, UMR1145 Ingénierie Procédés Aliments, 91300 Massy, France; ORPEA, 92800 Puteaux, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
From both a clinical and research perspective, measuring food intake is an important issue in geriatric institutions. However, weighing food in this context can be complex, particularly when the items remaining on a plate (side dish, meat or fish and sauce) need to be weighed separately following consumption. A method ...
Nitschke Udo U Botany and Plant Science, School of Natural Sciences, and Ryan Institute for Environmental, Marine and Energy Research, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2015
Rich in micronutrients and considered to contain high iodine levels, seaweeds have multiple applications as food/supplements and nutraceuticals with potential health implications. Here, we describe the development and validation of a new analytical method to quantify iodine as iodide (I(-)) using an isocratic HPLC system with UV detection; algal iodine ...
Koch Michael S MS a Monsanto Company, Product Safety Center , 800 North Lindbergh Blvd., Bldg. C1N, St. Louis , MO 63167 , United - - 2014
Abstract To determine the reliability of food safety studies carried out in rodents with genetically modified (GM) crops, a Food Safety Study Reliability Tool (FSSRTool) was adapted from the European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods' ToxRTool. Reliability was defined as the inherent quality of the study with regard ...
von Bargen Christoph - - 2014
The fraudulent blending of food products with meat from undeclared species is a problem on global scale, as exemplified by the horse meat scandal in 2013. Routinely used methods such as ELISA and PCR can suffer from limited sensitivity or specificity when processed food samples are analyzed. In this study, ...
Burrows Tracy L - - 2014
Diet quality tools provide researchers with brief methods to assess the nutrient adequacy of usual dietary intake. This study describes the development and validation of a pediatric diet quality index, the Australian Recommended Food Scores for Pre-schoolers (ARFS-P), for use with children aged two to five years. The ARFS-P was ...
Oliveira Junior Norberto Martins - - 2014
The objective of this study was to present a systematized review of different methods used to evaluate the masticatory efficiency in conventional complete denture wearers. A survey was conducted in the databases PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane, seeking scientific articles according to the previously selected terms: "Masticatory performance", "Masticatory efficiency" and ...
Finglas Paul M - - 2014
Food composition databases (FCDBs) form an integral part of nutrition and health research, patient treatment, manufacturing processes, and consumer information. FCDBs have traditionally been compiled at a national level; therefore, until recently, there was limited standardization of procedures across different data sets. Digital technologies now allow FCDB users to access ...
Gong Ningbo N Beijing Key Laboratory of Polymorphic Drugs, Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100050, - - 2014
Neohesperidin is an important natural flavanone glycoside distributed in several citrus species. This compound is widely used as a raw material for food additives in the food industry. The request for certified reference materials (CRMs) in dietary supplements was stipulated by the National Administrative Committee for CRMs and was underpinned ...
Ortea Ignacio I Department of Food Technology, Marine Research Institute (IIM), Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Vigo, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2015
Three factors defining the traceability of a food product are production method (wild or farmed), geographical origin and biological species, which have to be checked and guaranteed, not only in order to avoid mislabelling and commercial fraud, but also to address food safety issues and to comply with legal regulations. ...
Olshavsky Megan E ME The University of Texas at - - 2014
When a neutral cue is followed by a significant event such as food delivery, some animals become engaged with the cue itself and acquire cue-directed behaviors. One type of cue-directed behavior is observed following insertion of a lever used as a conditioned stimulus (CS). Rats showing robust approach behavior to ...
Tada Akio A Department of Health Science, Hyogo University, 2301 Shinzaike Hiraoka-cho, Kakogawa, Hyogo 675-0195, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Substantial number of elderly people suffer from poor mastication, which is considered to have a detrimental effect on their dietary habits. However, the association between mastication and diet is far from conclusive. The objective of this systematic review was to assess the association of mastication with food and nutrient intake ...
Lapenta Olivia Morgan OM Social and Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory and Developmental Disorders Program, Center for Health and Biological Sciences, Mackenzie Presbyterian University, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
Food craving can be defined as the "urge to eat a specific food". Previous findings suggest impairment of inhibitory control, specifically a regulatory deficit in the lateral prefrontal circuitry that is associated with a compulsion for food. As demonstrated by three previous studies, bilateral transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of ...
Mazur James E JE Southern Connecticut State - - 2014
Four rats responded on concurrent variable-interval schedules that delivered token stimuli (stimulus lights arranged vertically above each of two side levers). During exchange periods, each token could be exchanged for one food pellet by responding on a center lever, with one response required for each pellet delivery. In different conditions, ...
Dixson Danielle L DL ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies & School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld, 4811, Australia; School of Biology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, 30332, - - 2014
Recent studies show that ocean acidification impairs sensory functions and alters the behavior of teleost fishes. If sharks and other elasmobranchs are similarly affected, this could have significant consequences for marine ecosystems globally. Here, we show that projected future CO2 levels impair odor tracking behavior of the smooth dogfish (Mustelus ...
Carnell Susan S Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
The obesogenic environment is pervasive, yet only some people become obese. The aim was to investigate whether obese individuals show differential neural responses to visual and auditory food cues, independent of cue modality. Obese (BMI 29-41, n = 10) and lean (BMI 20-24, n = 10) females underwent fMRI scanning during presentation of auditory ...
Lira Lívia A LA Postgraduate Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Universidade Federal Pernambuco-UFPE, Recife, PE, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
During the early periods of development, i.e., gestation and lactation, the influences of stimulus such as undernutrition can lead to several behavioural and morphofunctional damages to organs and systems in general, including pathways and structures that control energy balance and feeding behaviour. Although a large body of evidences have shown ...
van Rooijen Charlotte - - 2014
During processing of pet food, the Maillard reaction occurs, which reduces the bioavailability of essential amino acids like lysine and results in the formation of advanced Maillard reaction products (MRPs). The aim of this study was to quantitate MRPs (fructoselysine (FL), carboxymethyllysine (CML), hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF)) and the cross-link lysinoalanine (LAL) ...
Luz Gómez-Pérez María M Research Group "Analytical Chemistry of Contaminants", Department of Chemistry and Physics, Research Centre for Agricultural and Food Biotechnology (BITAL), University of Almería, Agrifood Campus of International Excellence, ceiA3, E-04120 Almería, - - 2015
Pesticide and veterinary drug residues have been simultaneously determined in several baby foods as meat, fish and vegetable-based baby food. A generic extraction method without clean-up step was applied. Moreover, the use of a representative matrix for proper quantification of all target compounds was studied and the best results were ...
Chen Jinlei J State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, P. R. China. - - 2014
Detecting volatile amines is a significant topic in the quality control of food and medical diagnosis. We report the first Eu-coordination polymer (CP) as a sensory material for the detection of a class of amine vapors with high selectivity and rapid response.
Khuda Sefat E SE Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, United States Food and Drug Administration, 8301 Muirkirk rd., Laurel, MD 20708, United States. Electronic address: - - 2015
To alleviate the risk to allergic consumers, it is crucial to improve factors affecting the detection of food allergens in processed chocolate products. This study evaluated processing effects on (1) recovery of peanut, egg, and milk allergens using five different extraction buffers, and (2) identification of specific allergenic proteins from ...
Chen Yu-Wei YW Behavioral Neuroscience Research Branch, NIDA, NIH, DHHS, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Yohimbine is an alpha-2 adrenoceptor antagonist that has been used in numerous studies as a pharmacological stressor in rodents, monkeys and humans. Recently, yohimbine has become the most common stress manipulation in studies on reinstatement of drug and food seeking. However, the wide range of conditions under which yohimbine promotes ...
van der Klaauw Agatha A AA University of Cambridge Metabolic Research Laboratories (A.A.v.d.K., J.M.K., E.H., S.O., I.S.F.), Wellcome Trust-Medical Research Council (MRC) Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, United Kingdom; MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit (E.A.H.v.d.H., A.D.L., A.J.C.), Cambridge CB2 7EF, United Kingdom; and School of Psychology (A.D.L.), Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3XQ, United - - 2014
Context: Mutations in the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) represent the commonest genetic form of obesity and are associated with hyperphagia. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether melanocortin signaling modulates anticipatory food reward by studying the brain activation response to food cues in individuals with MC4R mutations. Design/Setting/Participants/Main ...
Ozbek N N Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Science and Letters, Department of Chemistry, Maslak, 34469 Istanbul, - - 2015
The new approach for the determination of sulphur in foods was developed, and the sulphur concentrations of various fresh and dried food samples determined using a high-resolution continuum source flame atomic absorption spectrometer with an air/acetylene flame. The proposed method was optimised and the validated using standard reference materials, and ...
Cho Mi Sook MS Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 120-750, - - 2014
A higher frequency of family meals is associated with good dietary habits in young people. This study focused on the relationships of family meal frequency with food neophobia and personality traits in adolescents. For this purpose, we administered a survey to 495 middle school students in Seoul metropolitan city, after ...
Olszewski Pawel K PK Department of Biological Sciences, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New - - 2014
Anxiety caused by the novelty of food or of the environment where the food is presented leads to suppression of consumption (hyponeophagia) reflected by an increased latency to begin feeding and decreased food intake. Studies suggest that some anxiolytics, mainly benzodiazepines and SSRIs, resolve hyponeophagia. Though the neurohormone oxytocin (OT) ...
Vatka Emma E Department of Biology, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 3000, 90014, Oulu, Finland, - - 2014
The temporal mismatch hypothesis suggests that fitness is related to the degree of temporal synchrony between the energetic needs of the offspring and their food supply. The hypothesis has been a basis in studying the influence of climate warming on nature. This study enhances the knowledge on prevalence of temporal ...
Zhang Zhihao Z Interdepartmental Neuroscience Program, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA; Section of Comparative Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2014
Obesity is a major epidemic in many parts of the world. One of the main factors contributing to obesity is overconsumption of high-fat and high-calorie food [1], which is driven by the rewarding properties of these types of food [2, 3]. Previous studies have suggested that dysfunction in reward circuits may be ...
Allen Bengt J BJ Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, 11794-5245, USA, - - 2014
In mid-Atlantic salt marshes, reproductively active male sand fiddler crabs, Uca pugilator, use a single greatly enlarged major claw as both a weapon to defend specialized breeding burrows from other males and an ornament to attract females for mating. During the summer breeding season, females strongly prefer to mate with ...
Nawroth Christian C Department of Animal Husbandry and Ecology, Institute of Agricultural and Nutritional Sciences, Martin-Luther-University, Halle, - - 2014
Recently, comparative research on the mechanisms and species-specific adaptive values of attributing attentive states and using communicative cues has gained increased interest, particularly in non-human primates, birds, and dogs. Here, we investigate these phenomena in a farm animal species, the dwarf goat (Capra aegagrus hircus). In the first experiment, we ...
Noble Emily E EE University of - - 2014
Central oxytocin reduces food intake and increases energy expenditure. The ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus (VMN) is associated with energy balance and contains a high density of oxytocin receptor. We hypothesized that oxytocin in the VMN is a negative regulator of energy balance acting to reduce feeding and increase energy expenditure. To ...
Matheny M M Department of Pharmacology and TherapeuticsCollege of Medicine, University of Florida, PO Box 100267, Gainesville, Florida 32610, USADepartment of Veterans AffairsMedical Center, Gainesville, Florida 32608-1197, - - 2014
The present investigation examined whether leptin stimulation of ventral tegmental area (VTA) or nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) has a role in body weight homeostasis independent of the medial basal hypothalamus (MBH). To this end, recombinant adeno-associated viral techniques were employed to target leptin overexpression or overexpression of a ...
Pérez-Morales Marcel M Grupo de Neurociencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Laboratorio de Neurogenómica Cognitiva, Coordinación de Psicofisiología, Facultad de Psicología, Mexico, D.F., - - 2014
Stimulation of the protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1) in vitro, was shown to induce synaptic retrograde signaling through the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) synthesis and activation of the cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1R). The activation of PAR1 by the agonist S1820 in the lateral hypothalamus (LH) increases rapid eye movement sleep (REMS) ...
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