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Zelder Felix F Institute of Chemistry, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 190, 8057 Zürich, Switzerland. - - 2014
Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a staple food for more than 500 million people, especially in Africa and South America. However, its consumption bears risks as it contains cyanogenic glycosides that convert enzymatically to toxic cyanide during cell damage. To avoid serious health problems by unintentional cyanide intake, this dangerous ...
Dupont S S Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Ghent University, - - 2014
Commercial IgE-based tests are available for diagnosis of food allergies and are commonly used in equine practice. However, these tests have been proven unreliable as a screening method in humans and other species, but not critically evaluated in equines. Therefore, a commercially available IgE-based test for horses was evaluated. To ...
Pérez Francisca F Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research (IDAEA-CSIC), C/Jordi Girona, 18-26, Catalonia, 08034 Barcelona, - - 2014
This study assessed the levels of 21 perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in 283 food items (38 from Brazil, 35 from Saudi Arabia, 174 from Spain and 36 from Serbia) among the most widely consumed foodstuffs in these geographical areas. These countries were chosen as representatives of the diet in South America, ...
Pouyet Virginie V Centre for Food and Hospitality Research, Institut Paul Bocuse, 69130 Ecully, France; AgroParisTech, UMR1145 Ingénierie Procédés Aliments, 91300 Massy, France; INRA, UMR1145 Ingénierie Procédés Aliments, 91300 Massy, France; CNAM, UMR1145 Ingénierie Procédés Aliments, 91300 Massy, France; ORPEA, 92800 Puteaux, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
From both a clinical and research perspective, measuring food intake is an important issue in geriatric institutions. However, weighing food in this context can be complex, particularly when the items remaining on a plate (side dish, meat or fish and sauce) need to be weighed separately following consumption. A method ...
Koch Michael S MS a Monsanto Company, Product Safety Center , 800 North Lindbergh Blvd., Bldg. C1N, St. Louis , MO 63167 , United - - 2014
Abstract To determine the reliability of food safety studies carried out in rodents with genetically modified (GM) crops, a Food Safety Study Reliability Tool (FSSRTool) was adapted from the European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods' ToxRTool. Reliability was defined as the inherent quality of the study with regard ...
von Bargen Christoph - - 2014
The fraudulent blending of food products with meat from undeclared species is a problem on global scale, as exemplified by the horse meat scandal in 2013. Routinely used methods such as ELISA and PCR can suffer from limited sensitivity or specificity when processed food samples are analyzed. In this study, ...
Burrows Tracy L - - 2014
Diet quality tools provide researchers with brief methods to assess the nutrient adequacy of usual dietary intake. This study describes the development and validation of a pediatric diet quality index, the Australian Recommended Food Scores for Pre-schoolers (ARFS-P), for use with children aged two to five years. The ARFS-P was ...
Oliveira Junior Norberto Martins - - 2014
The objective of this study was to present a systematized review of different methods used to evaluate the masticatory efficiency in conventional complete denture wearers. A survey was conducted in the databases PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane, seeking scientific articles according to the previously selected terms: "Masticatory performance", "Masticatory efficiency" and ...
Gong Ningbo N Beijing Key Laboratory of Polymorphic Drugs, Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100050, - - 2014
Neohesperidin is an important natural flavanone glycoside distributed in several citrus species. This compound is widely used as a raw material for food additives in the food industry. The request for certified reference materials (CRMs) in dietary supplements was stipulated by the National Administrative Committee for CRMs and was underpinned ...
Ortea Ignacio I Department of Food Technology, Marine Research Institute (IIM), Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), Vigo, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2015
Three factors defining the traceability of a food product are production method (wild or farmed), geographical origin and biological species, which have to be checked and guaranteed, not only in order to avoid mislabelling and commercial fraud, but also to address food safety issues and to comply with legal regulations. ...
Olshavsky Megan E ME The University of Texas at - - 2014
When a neutral cue is followed by a significant event such as food delivery, some animals become engaged with the cue itself and acquire cue-directed behaviors. One type of cue-directed behavior is observed following insertion of a lever used as a conditioned stimulus (CS). Rats showing robust approach behavior to ...
Tada Akio A Department of Health Science, Hyogo University, 2301 Shinzaike Hiraoka-cho, Kakogawa, Hyogo 675-0195, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Substantial number of elderly people suffer from poor mastication, which is considered to have a detrimental effect on their dietary habits. However, the association between mastication and diet is far from conclusive. The objective of this systematic review was to assess the association of mastication with food and nutrient intake ...
Lapenta Olivia Morgan OM Social and Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory and Developmental Disorders Program, Center for Health and Biological Sciences, Mackenzie Presbyterian University, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
Food craving can be defined as the "urge to eat a specific food". Previous findings suggest impairment of inhibitory control, specifically a regulatory deficit in the lateral prefrontal circuitry that is associated with a compulsion for food. As demonstrated by three previous studies, bilateral transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of ...
Mazur James E JE Southern Connecticut State - - 2014
Four rats responded on concurrent variable-interval schedules that delivered token stimuli (stimulus lights arranged vertically above each of two side levers). During exchange periods, each token could be exchanged for one food pellet by responding on a center lever, with one response required for each pellet delivery. In different conditions, ...
Dixson Danielle L DL ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies & School of Marine and Tropical Biology, James Cook University, Townsville, Qld, 4811, Australia; School of Biology, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, 30332, - - 2014
Recent studies show that ocean acidification impairs sensory functions and alters the behavior of teleost fishes. If sharks and other elasmobranchs are similarly affected, this could have significant consequences for marine ecosystems globally. Here, we show that projected future CO2 levels impair odor tracking behavior of the smooth dogfish (Mustelus ...
Carnell Susan S Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, - - 2014
The obesogenic environment is pervasive, yet only some people become obese. The aim was to investigate whether obese individuals show differential neural responses to visual and auditory food cues, independent of cue modality. Obese (BMI 29-41, n = 10) and lean (BMI 20-24, n = 10) females underwent fMRI scanning during presentation of auditory ...
Lira Lívia A LA Postgraduate Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Universidade Federal Pernambuco-UFPE, Recife, PE, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
During the early periods of development, i.e., gestation and lactation, the influences of stimulus such as undernutrition can lead to several behavioural and morphofunctional damages to organs and systems in general, including pathways and structures that control energy balance and feeding behaviour. Although a large body of evidences have shown ...
van Rooijen Charlotte - - 2014
During processing of pet food, the Maillard reaction occurs, which reduces the bioavailability of essential amino acids like lysine and results in the formation of advanced Maillard reaction products (MRPs). The aim of this study was to quantitate MRPs (fructoselysine (FL), carboxymethyllysine (CML), hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF)) and the cross-link lysinoalanine (LAL) ...
Luz Gómez-Pérez María M Research Group "Analytical Chemistry of Contaminants", Department of Chemistry and Physics, Research Centre for Agricultural and Food Biotechnology (BITAL), University of Almería, Agrifood Campus of International Excellence, ceiA3, E-04120 Almería, - - 2015
Pesticide and veterinary drug residues have been simultaneously determined in several baby foods as meat, fish and vegetable-based baby food. A generic extraction method without clean-up step was applied. Moreover, the use of a representative matrix for proper quantification of all target compounds was studied and the best results were ...
Chen Jinlei J State Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, P. R. China. - - 2014
Detecting volatile amines is a significant topic in the quality control of food and medical diagnosis. We report the first Eu-coordination polymer (CP) as a sensory material for the detection of a class of amine vapors with high selectivity and rapid response.
Khuda Sefat E SE Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, United States Food and Drug Administration, 8301 Muirkirk rd., Laurel, MD 20708, United States. Electronic address: - - 2015
To alleviate the risk to allergic consumers, it is crucial to improve factors affecting the detection of food allergens in processed chocolate products. This study evaluated processing effects on (1) recovery of peanut, egg, and milk allergens using five different extraction buffers, and (2) identification of specific allergenic proteins from ...
Chen Yu-Wei YW Behavioral Neuroscience Research Branch, NIDA, NIH, DHHS, Baltimore, MD, - - 2014
Yohimbine is an alpha-2 adrenoceptor antagonist that has been used in numerous studies as a pharmacological stressor in rodents, monkeys and humans. Recently, yohimbine has become the most common stress manipulation in studies on reinstatement of drug and food seeking. However, the wide range of conditions under which yohimbine promotes ...
van der Klaauw Agatha A AA University of Cambridge Metabolic Research Laboratories (A.A.v.d.K., J.M.K., E.H., S.O., I.S.F.), Wellcome Trust-Medical Research Council (MRC) Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, United Kingdom; MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit (E.A.H.v.d.H., A.D.L., A.J.C.), Cambridge CB2 7EF, United Kingdom; and School of Psychology (A.D.L.), Cardiff University, Cardiff CF10 3XQ, United - - 2014
Context: Mutations in the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) represent the commonest genetic form of obesity and are associated with hyperphagia. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether melanocortin signaling modulates anticipatory food reward by studying the brain activation response to food cues in individuals with MC4R mutations. Design/Setting/Participants/Main ...
Ozbek N N Istanbul Technical University, Faculty of Science and Letters, Department of Chemistry, Maslak, 34469 Istanbul, - - 2015
The new approach for the determination of sulphur in foods was developed, and the sulphur concentrations of various fresh and dried food samples determined using a high-resolution continuum source flame atomic absorption spectrometer with an air/acetylene flame. The proposed method was optimised and the validated using standard reference materials, and ...
Cho Mi Sook MS Department of Nutritional Science and Food Management, Ewha Womans University, Seoul 120-750, - - 2014
A higher frequency of family meals is associated with good dietary habits in young people. This study focused on the relationships of family meal frequency with food neophobia and personality traits in adolescents. For this purpose, we administered a survey to 495 middle school students in Seoul metropolitan city, after ...
Olszewski Pawel K PK Department of Biological Sciences, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New - - 2014
Anxiety caused by the novelty of food or of the environment where the food is presented leads to suppression of consumption (hyponeophagia) reflected by an increased latency to begin feeding and decreased food intake. Studies suggest that some anxiolytics, mainly benzodiazepines and SSRIs, resolve hyponeophagia. Though the neurohormone oxytocin (OT) ...
Vatka Emma E Department of Biology, University of Oulu, P.O. Box 3000, 90014, Oulu, Finland, - - 2014
The temporal mismatch hypothesis suggests that fitness is related to the degree of temporal synchrony between the energetic needs of the offspring and their food supply. The hypothesis has been a basis in studying the influence of climate warming on nature. This study enhances the knowledge on prevalence of temporal ...
Zhang Zhihao Z Interdepartmental Neuroscience Program, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA; Section of Comparative Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520, - - 2014
Obesity is a major epidemic in many parts of the world. One of the main factors contributing to obesity is overconsumption of high-fat and high-calorie food [1], which is driven by the rewarding properties of these types of food [2, 3]. Previous studies have suggested that dysfunction in reward circuits may be ...
Allen Bengt J BJ Department of Ecology and Evolution, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, 11794-5245, USA, - - 2014
In mid-Atlantic salt marshes, reproductively active male sand fiddler crabs, Uca pugilator, use a single greatly enlarged major claw as both a weapon to defend specialized breeding burrows from other males and an ornament to attract females for mating. During the summer breeding season, females strongly prefer to mate with ...
Nawroth Christian C Department of Animal Husbandry and Ecology, Institute of Agricultural and Nutritional Sciences, Martin-Luther-University, Halle, - - 2014
Recently, comparative research on the mechanisms and species-specific adaptive values of attributing attentive states and using communicative cues has gained increased interest, particularly in non-human primates, birds, and dogs. Here, we investigate these phenomena in a farm animal species, the dwarf goat (Capra aegagrus hircus). In the first experiment, we ...
Noble Emily E EE University of - - 2014
Central oxytocin reduces food intake and increases energy expenditure. The ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus (VMN) is associated with energy balance and contains a high density of oxytocin receptor. We hypothesized that oxytocin in the VMN is a negative regulator of energy balance acting to reduce feeding and increase energy expenditure. To ...
Matheny M M Department of Pharmacology and TherapeuticsCollege of Medicine, University of Florida, PO Box 100267, Gainesville, Florida 32610, USADepartment of Veterans AffairsMedical Center, Gainesville, Florida 32608-1197, - - 2014
The present investigation examined whether leptin stimulation of ventral tegmental area (VTA) or nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS) has a role in body weight homeostasis independent of the medial basal hypothalamus (MBH). To this end, recombinant adeno-associated viral techniques were employed to target leptin overexpression or overexpression of a ...
Pérez-Morales Marcel M Grupo de Neurociencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Laboratorio de Neurogenómica Cognitiva, Coordinación de Psicofisiología, Facultad de Psicología, Mexico, D.F., - - 2014
Stimulation of the protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1) in vitro, was shown to induce synaptic retrograde signaling through the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) synthesis and activation of the cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1R). The activation of PAR1 by the agonist S1820 in the lateral hypothalamus (LH) increases rapid eye movement sleep (REMS) ...
Jing Liang L Laboratory of Learning and Memory, Key Laboratory of Animal Models and Human Disease Mechanisms of the Chinese Academy of Sciences & Yunnan Province, Kunming Institute of Zoology, Kunming 650223, China;University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China. - - 2014
The social transmission of food preferences (STFP) is a behavioural task of olfactory memory, in which an observer rat learns safe food odours from a demonstrator rat, and shows preference for this odour in a subsequent choice test. However, previous studies have failed to detect the transmission of information about ...
Pereault Marcelle - - 2014
A study was carried out to determine the efficacy of the Soleris Direct Yeast and Mold (DYM) automated growth-based method for semiquantitative detection of yeast and mold in a variety of food products. A probability of detection (POD) statistical model was used to compare Soleris results at multiple test thresholds ...
Ramaekers Mariëlle G MG Food Quality and Design - - 2014
Understanding overconsumption starts with knowledge of how separate factors influence our eating behavior. Food cues such as food odors are known for their effect on general appetite and sensory-specific appetite (SSA). Active sniffing rather than passive exposure may induce satiation over time. The objective of this study was to investigate ...
Baisley Sarah K SK Neuroscience Training Program University of Wisconsin-Madison 7225 Medical Sciences Center 1300 University Ave Madison, WI - - 2014
Amylin is a peptide co-secreted with insulin that penetrates into the brain, and produces satiation-like effects via actions in the brainstem, hypothalamus, and mesencephalon. Little is known, however, about the effects of amylin in the nucleus accumbens shell (AcbSh), where a circumscribed zone of intense amylin receptor (AMY-R) binding overlaps ...
Ronveaux Charlotte C CC Dept. of Anatomy, Physiology and Cell Biology, UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, Davis, CA 95616, USA; AgroParisTech,UMR914 Nutrition Physiology and Ingestive Behavior Paris, France - - 2014
Gut-derived glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) acts in the postprandial period to stimulate insulin secretion and inhibit gastrointestinal motor and secretory function; whether endogenous peripheral GLP-1 inhibits food intake is less clear. We hypothesized that GLP-1 inhibits food intake in the fed, but not fasted, state. There is evidence that GLP-1 ...
da Silva Eduardo Simão ES Department of Physiological Sciences, Center of Biological Sciences - CCB, Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), 88040-970. Florianópolis, SC, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Previous studies have shown that the blockade of α1-adrenoceptors in the median raphe nucleus (MnR) of free-feeding animals increases food intake. Since there is evidence for the presence of α1A-, α1B- and α1D-adrenoceptors in the MnR of rats, this study investigated the involvement of MnR α1-adrenoceptors subtypes in the control ...
Morris Richard W RW Brain & Mind Research Institute, University of Sydney, Camperdown;; Schizophrenia Research Institute, - - 2014
Goal-directed actions depend on our capacity to integrate the anticipated consequences of an action with the value of those consequences, with the latter derived from direct experience or inferred from predictive stimuli. Schizophrenia is associated with poor goal-directed performance, but whether this reflects a deficit in experienced or predicted value ...
James Peter P Harvard School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, 401 Park Drive, 3rd Floor West, Boston, MA 02215, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Disproportionate access to unhealthy foods in poor or minority neighborhoods may be a primary determinant of obesity disparities. We investigated whether fast-food access varies by Census block group (CBG) percent black and poverty. We measured the average driving distance from each CBG population-weighted centroid to the five closest top ten ...
Clemêncio C C Department of Environment and Planning, University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
The livestock production is a strategic and crucial activity for it fixes populations in rural areas, contributing to its conservation, and most importantly because it ensures food production. By producing meat, milk or eggs, this sector contributes to national food self-sufficiency. However, intensive livestock farming activities carry a strong pollution ...
Marsh Heidi L HL Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, 8244 Social Science Building, London, ON, Canada, - - 2014
Previous research has demonstrated that Old World primates (both apes and monkeys) seek information about the location of a hidden food item, unless they are privy to the hiding process. This has been cited as evidence of metacognition. However, these results could also be interpreted using non-metacognitive accounts, including a ...
Leonti Marco M Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Cagliari, Via Ospedale 72, 09124 Cagliari (CA), Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food is medicine and vice versa. In Hindu and Ayurvedic medicine, and among human cultures of the Indian subcontinent in general, the perception of the food-medicine continuum is especially well established. The preparation of the exhilarating, gold-coloured Soma, Amrita or Ambrosia, the elixir and food of the 'immortals' - the ...
Hopper Lydia M LM Lester E. Fisher Center for the Study and Conservation of Apes, Lincoln Park Zoo, Chicago, IL, USA, - - 2014
Why do chimpanzees react when their partner gets a better deal than them? Do they note the inequity or do their responses reflect frustration in response to unattainable rewards? To tease apart inequity and contrast, we tested chimpanzees in a series of conditions that created loss through individual contrast, through ...
Tisone Christine A CA Clinical Department of Health & Kinesiology, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA. - - 2014
To identify differences in food-shopping environments of Texas WIC vendors using a culturally adapted instrument. A survey tool was developed for measuring food availability, accessibility, and affordability in 111 WIC vendors in Texas. Two-tailed t-tests and Mann-Whitney tests were used for rural/urban and Texas-Mexico border/non-border area comparisons. Prices were higher ...
Burger Kyle S KS University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Department of Nutrition, CB 7461, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599; Oregon Research Institute, 1776 Millrace Blvd., Eugene, OR, 97403. Electronic address: - - 2014
Animal experiments indicate that after repeated pairings of palatable food receipt and cues that predict palatable food receipt, dopamine signaling increases in response to predictive cues, but decreases in response to food receipt. Using functional MRI and mixed effects growth curve models with 35 females (M age = 15.5 ± ...
Kentish Stephen J SJ Nerve-Gut Research Laboratory, Department of Medicine, University of - - 2014
Neuronal nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in gastric motor activity and modulates the mechanosensitivity of gastro-oesophageal vagal afferents. Effects of NO on food intake are dependent on feeding status. We sought to determine the effect of NO on gastro-oesophageal vagal afferent activity in the normally fed, and food ...
Moe Randi Oppermann RO Animal Welfare Research Group, NMBU School of Veterinary Science, P.O. Box 8146 dep., N-0033 Oslo, Norway; Department of Production Animal Clinical Sciences. Electronic address: - - 2014
Behaviors associated with anticipation and search for palatable food may provide information about dopaminergic reward processes and positive motivational affect in animals. The overall aim was to investigate the involvement of dopamine signaling in the regulation of cue-induced anticipation and search for palatable food reward in chicken, and whether domestication ...
Herranz Valera Jesus J Laboratory of Functional Foods, IMDEA-Food, CEI UAM+CSIC, C/Faraday 7, 28049, Madrid, - - 2014
Orthorexia nervosa (ON, i.e., fixation on righteous eating) is a poorly defined disordered eating behavior that results from a pathological obsession with food, its purported nutritional value, composition, origin, etc. We investigated the prevalence of ON in a local ashtanga yoga community, by using a validated questionnaire (ORTO-15) that sets ...
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