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Griffioen-Roose Sanne S From the Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands (SG-R,PAMS, EvdH, SB, and CdG); the Image Sciences Institute, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, Netherlands (PAMS); and the Institute of Psychological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom - - 2014
Protein is indispensable in the human diet, and its intake appears tightly regulated. The role of sensory attributes of foods in protein intake regulation is far from clear.OBJECTIVE: We investigated the effect of human protein status on neural responses to different food cues with the use of functional magnetic resonance ...
Maier Joost X - - 2014
Semiochemicals are volatile compounds that communicate specific meaning between individuals and elicit specific behavioral and/or physiological responses mediated by highly sensitive and highly specific olfactory pathways. Recent work suggests that semiochemicals can activate multiple olfactory pathways at once, but the degree to which parallel pathways activated by the same semiochemical ...
Evans Lisa J LJ School of Biological Sciences, Royal Holloway University of London, Egham, Surrey, TW20 0EX, UK, - - 2014
If the cognitive performance of animals reflects their particular ecological requirements, how can we explain appreciable variation in learning ability amongst closely related individuals (e.g. foraging workers within a bumble bee colony)? One possibility is that apparent 'errors' in a learning task actually represent an alternative foraging strategy. In this ...
Yamaguchi Kaori K National Rehabilitation Center for Persons with Disabilities, Research Institute, 4-1 Namiki, Tokorozawa 359-8555, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
There is increasing neuroimaging evidence suggesting that visually presented tools automatically activate the human sensorimotor system coding learned motor actions relevant to the visual stimuli. Such crossmodal activation may reflect a general functional property of the human motor memory and thus can be operating in other, non-limb effector organs, such ...
Badonnel Karine K INRA, UR1197, Neurobiologie de l'Olfaction, 78350 Jouy-en-Josas, - - 2014
In most species, food intake is influenced by olfactory cues and metabolic status can affect the olfactory function of animals and regulate feeding-related behaviors. We investigated whether modulation of the endocrine system that regulates or modifies energy balance affected the olfactory system by examining four rat strains, obese Zucker and ...
Chung Louisa Ming Yan LM Department of Health and Physical Education, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, 10 Lo Ping Road, Tai Po, New Territories, Hong Kong. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study's objective was to investigate whether use of an electronic dietary recording system improves nutrition knowledge, eating attitudes and habitual physical activity levels compared to use of a food diary and no self-monitoring. Sixty adults aged 20-60 with a body mass index ≥25 were recruited and randomly assigned to ...
Hay Phillipa P School of Medicine, University of Western Sydney, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia; School of Medicine, James Cook University, 1 James Cook Dr, Douglas, Townsville, QLD 4811, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Emotive responses to foods in people with eating disorders are incompletely understood in relation to whether the extent of emotional response is due to the eating disorder or non-specific emotional states. The aims of the present study were to investigate negative and positive emotive responses to food images in adults ...
Schuyler Qamar A - - 2014
There are two predominant hypotheses as to why animals ingest plastic: 1) they are opportunistic feeders, eating plastic when they encounter it as a potential food item, and 2) they eat plastic because it resembles prey items. To assess which hypothesis is most likely, we created a model sea turtle ...
- - 2014
My favorite food is anything with curry. My favorite place on earth is San Diego, closely followed by Xiamen.
Schmitz Florian F University of Ulm, Institute of Psychology and Pedagogy, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to investigate an attentional bias towards food stimuli in binge eating disorder (BED). To this end, a BED and a weight-matched control group (CG) completed a clarification task and a spatial cueing paradigm. The clarification task revealed that food stimuli were faster detected ...
Hirata Masahiko M Faculty of Agriculture, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, - - 2014
Use of visual cues to locate specific food resources from a distance is a critical ability of animals foraging in a spatially heterogeneous environment. However, relatively little is known about how long animals can retain the learned cue-reward association without reinforcement. We compared feeding behavior of experienced and naive Japanese ...
Fox Adam E AE West Virginia University; St. Lawrence University. Electronic address: - - 2014
State-dependent valuation learning (SDVL) is a preference for stimuli associated with relative food deprivation over stimuli associated with relative satiety. Pigeons were exposed to experimental conditions designed to investigate SDVL and to test the hypothesis that obtained relative immediacy during training predicts choice during test probes. Energy states were manipulated ...
Tejas-Juárez Juan Gabriel JG Department of Pharmacology, CINVESTAV-IPN, - - 2014
Obesity is a serious worldwide health problem, affecting 20-40% of the population in several countries. According to animal models, obesity is related to changes in the expression of proteins that control energy homeostasis and in neurotransmission associated to regulation of food intake. For example, it has been reported that diet-induced ...
Guillette Lauren M LM School of Biology, University of St Andrews, St Andrews, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
As a social species zebra finches might be expected to copy the food choices of more experienced conspecifics. This prediction has been tested previously by presenting observers with two demonstrator birds that differ in some way (e.g., sex, familiarity), each feeding on a different colour food source. However, if the ...
Gil Angel A Departments of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II Iberomerican Nutrition Foundation (FINUT), Granada, Spain - - 2014
The WHO has proposed that health be promoted and protected through the development of an environment that enables sustainable actions at individual, community, national, and global levels. Indeed, food-based dietary guidelines, i.e., food pyramids, have been developed in numerous countries to disseminate nutritional information to the general population. However, wider ...
Völter Christoph J CJ Department of Developmental and Comparative - - 2014
Whether nonhuman primates understand causal relations beyond mere associations is still a matter of debate. We presented all four species of nonhuman great apes (N = 36) with a choice between 2 opaque, upside down cups after displacing them out of sight from their starting positions. Crucially, 1 of them ...
Wiggins Sally S School of Psychological Sciences and Health, University of Strathclyde, Graham Hills Building, 40 George Street, Glasgow, G1 1QE. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food preference is now a ubiquitous concept in eating research, and closely associated with actual consumption, particularly in relation to children's food preferences. Research in this area is beginning to reveal the effects of parent-child interaction on eating practices though relatively little attention has been paid to the discursive and ...
Velázquez-Sánchez Clara C Laboratory of Addictive Disorders, Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics and Department of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, - - 2014
Impulsivity is a behavioral trait frequently seen in drug addicted individuals, but also in individuals who pathologically overeat. However, whether impulsivity predates the development of uncontrollable feeding is unknown. In this study we hypothesized that a high impulsivity trait precedes and confers vulnerability for food addiction-like behavior. For this purpose ...
Lee Jin-Seong JS 0000-0001-8788-7596 Department of Psychiatry, Pusan National University Yangsan Hospital, Yangsan, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in subjective acute effects of alcohol and naltrexone among those who prefer spicy food to varying degrees. Acute biphasic alcohol effects scale (BAES), visual analogue scale for craving (VAS-C), blood alcohol concentration (BAC) and food preference scale were measured in ...
Goldstone Anthony P AP Metabolic and Molecular Imaging Group (APG, CGP, SS, ADM, NC, SSD, and JDB) and Robert Steiner MRI Unit (GD), Medical Research Council Clinical Sciences Centre, the Computational, Cognitive and Clinical Neuroimaging Laboratory, Division of Brain Sciences (CB), the Section of Investigative Medicine, Division of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism (MAG, DRA, GSF, and SRB), and the Division of Brain Sciences (ADW), Imperial College London, Hammersmith Hospital, London, United Kingdom, and the Department of Endocrinology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (BDG and - - 2014
Ghrelin, which is a stomach-derived hormone, increases with fasting and energy restriction and may influence eating behaviors through brain hedonic reward-cognitive systems. Therefore, changes in plasma ghrelin might mediate counter-regulatory responses to a negative energy balance through changes in food hedonics. We investigated whether ghrelin administration (exogenous hyperghrelinemia) mimics effects ...
Adrian Meule M Institute of Psychology, Department of Psychology I, University of Würzburg, Marcusstr. 9-11, 97070 Würzburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Impulsivity and food craving have both been implicated in overeating. Recent results suggest that both processes may interactively predict increased food intake. In the present study, female participants performed a Go/No-go task with pictures of high- and low-calorie foods. They were instructed to press a button in response to the ...
Yoshikawa Takahiro T Departments of Sports Medicine, Osaka City University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-4-3 Asahi-machi, Abeno-ku, Osaka 545-8585, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
'Hara-Hachibu' in Japanese means a subjective sense by which we stop eating just before the motivation to eat is completely lost, a similar concept to caloric restriction (CR). Insular cortex is a critical platform which integrates sensory information into decision-making processes in eating behavior. We compared the responses of insular ...
De Moraes Bárbara Lins Caldas BL Department of Biology, Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Recife, - - 2014
Capuchin monkeys are well known for population variation in the use of stone tools and the types of food items consumed. In order to determine adaptability in stone tool use, we investigated a never before studied population of wild capuchin monkey (Sapajus libidinosus) displaying terrestrial habits in a Caatinga environment. ...
Perry David C DC Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, - - 2014
Behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia is characterized by abnormal responses to primary reward stimuli such as food, sex and intoxicants, suggesting abnormal functioning of brain circuitry mediating reward processing. The goal of this analysis was to determine whether abnormalities in reward-seeking behaviour in behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia are correlated with atrophy ...
Buehlmann Cornelia C Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology, Hans-Knoell Strasse 8, 07745 Jena, Germany; School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QG, - - 2014
Desert ants feeding on dead arthropods forage for food items that are distributed unpredictably in space and time in the food-scarce terrain of the Saharan salt pans [1]. Scavengers of the genus Cataglyphis forage individually and do not lay pheromone trails [2]. They rely primarily on path integration [3] for ...
Kemps Eva - - 2014
Objective: This paper reports two experiments designed to investigate and modify biased attentional processing of food cues in obesity. Experiment 1: Experiment 1 used a dot probe task to show a food-related attentional bias in 58 obese women, relative to a comparison sample of normal weight controls. Experiment 2: Experiment ...
Adrian Holliday H School of Sport, Exercise & Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham. B15 2TT. Electronic address: - - 2014
Subjective appetite is commonly measured using an abstract visual analogue scale (VAS) technique, that provides no direct information about desired portion size or food choice, which are both key components of eating behaviour. The purpose of the current investigation was to develop and validate a user-friendly tool - the Visual ...
- - 2014
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is issuing a final regulation that adopts, without change, the interim final rule (IFR) entitled "Establishment, Maintenance, and Availability of Records: Amendment to Record Availability Requirements.'' This final rule affirms the IFR's change to FDA's records access as required by the FDA Food Safety ...
Furlong Teri M TM Brain and Mind Research Institute and School of Psychology, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales 2006, - - 2014
Access to highly palatable and calorically dense foods contributes to increasing rates of obesity worldwide. Some have made the controversial argument that consumption of such foods can lead to "food addiction," yet little is known about how long-term access to highly palatable foods might alter goal-directed learning and decision making. ...
Eiler William Ja WJ 2nd Departments of Neurology (WJAE, MD, KRC, and DAK), Radiology (MD and DAK), Medicine (RVC) (Endocrinology), and Psychiatry (DAK), Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN; the Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN (CLHA and RDM); and the Department of Psychology, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN - - 2014
Sensory properties of foods promote and guide consumption in hunger states, whereas satiation should dampen the sensory activation of ingestive behaviors. Such activation may be disordered in obese individuals. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), we studied regional brain responses to food odor stimulation in the sated state in obese ...
Cone Jackson J JJ Graduate Program in Neuroscience, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois 60612 and Department of Psychology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois - - 2014
Brief, high-concentration (phasic) spikes in nucleus accumbens dopamine critically participate in aspects of food reward. Although physiological state (e.g., hunger, satiety) and associated hormones are known to affect dopamine tone in general, whether they modulate food-evoked, phasic dopamine specifically is unknown. Here, we used fast-scan cyclic voltammetry in awake, behaving ...
Zentall Thomas R TR University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA, - - 2014
When humans are asked to judge the value of a set of objects of excellent quality, they often give this set higher value than those same objects with the addition of some of lesser quality. This is an example of the affect heuristic, often referred to as the less-is-more effect. ...
Kirk Chelsea R CR Department of Psychology, Western University - - 2014
In 2 experiments, rats were trained to press a centrally located lever that delivered immediate food reinforcement and turned on a light signal that indicated the location of a further food reward. After rats learned to press the lever and use the light cue to find food, immediate reinforcement for ...
Culqui Dante R DR Centro Nacional de Epidemiología, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, - - 2014
The aim was to describe an outbreak of group A β-hemolytic streptococcal pharyngotonsillitis in health care professionals. This is a cross-sectional descriptive study of 17 clients who dined at the same table in a restaurant in Barcelona in July 2012. The frequency, timing and severity of symptoms were analyzed, as ...
van Kleef Ellen E a Wageningen University , Marketing and Consumer Behaviour Group , Hollandseweg 1, Wageningen , the - - 2014
Abstract In deciding how much to eat, people are influenced by environmental cues. The unit size of food (i.e. the number of units in which a given amount of food is divided) provides such a cue. Previous research showed that given equal caloric and volumetric content, smaller units of food ...
Short McKendree M G MG Department of Agricultural Economics, Kansas State University, Manhattan - - 2014
In order to address escalating concerns about livestock animal care and welfare it is necessary to better understand the factors that may predispose people to develop such concerns. It has been hypothesized that experiences with, beliefs about and emotional connections to animals may influence level of perceived obligation toward and ...
Paquereau Julie J Department of Neurological Rehabilitation, University Medical Center and University of Lille, Lille, - - 2014
Malnutrition is common in the first few months after stroke and contributes to a poor overall outcome. We analyzed long-term weight changes and their predictive factors. A total of 71 first-ever stroke patients were included in the study and examined (1) their weight on admission to the acute stroke unit ...
Yang Hui-Di HD State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100101, China; Department of Physiology, Basic Medical College, Inner Mongolia Medical University, Huhehaote 010110, - - 2014
This article is part of a Special Issue "Energy Balance". Effects of γ-aminobutyic acid (GABA) on food hoarding are unknown in rodents, and the effects of energy balance and GABA have not been evaluated in females. To evaluate the role of food deprivation and GABA on food hoarding, female Mongolian ...
Wright Genevieve Spanjer GS Department of Biology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA; Department of Psychology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Animals foraging in the dark are engaged simultaneously in prey pursuit, collision avoidance, and interactions with conspecifics, making efficient nonvisual communication essential. A variety of birds and mammals emit food-associated calls that inform, attract, or repel conspecifics (e.g., [1]). Big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) are insectivorous aerial hawkers that may ...
Astur Robert S RS Department of Psychology, University of Connecticut. Electronic address: - - 2014
To extend a standard paradigm of conditioning in nonhumans to humans, we created a virtual reality (VR) conditioned place preference task, with real-life food rewards. Undergraduates were placed into a VR environment consisting of 2 visually distinct rooms. On Day 1, participants underwent 6 pairing sessions in which they were ...
Castro Daniel C DC Department of Psychology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan - - 2014
A specialized cubic-millimeter hotspot in the rostrodorsal quadrant of medial shell in nucleus accumbens (NAc) of rats may mediate opioid enhancement of gustatory hedonic impact or "liking". Here, we selectively stimulated the three major subtypes of opioid receptors via agonist microinjections [mu (DAMGO), delta (DPDPE), or kappa (U50488H)] and constructed ...
Feuerbacher Erica N EN University of - - 2014
Previous research has indicated both petting (McIntire & Colley, 1967) and food (Feuerbacher & Wynne, 2012) have reinforcing effects on dog behavior and support social behavior towards humans (food: Elliot & King, 1960; social interaction: Brodbeck, 1954). Which type of interaction dogs prefer and which might produce the most social ...
Craig D D Chairman, Veterinary Residues Committee,c/o Residues Surveillance Unit, Veterinary Medicines Directorate, Woodham Lane, New Haw, Addlestone, Surrey KT15 - - 2014
In the first article in an occasional series for Veterinary Record, Dorothy Craig introduces the work of the Veterinary Residues Committee, the independent scientific advisory committee that advises government on the testing of foods from animals to look for residues of veterinary medicines and banned substances.
Cerro Luis L Programa de Pós-graduação em Medicina Veterinária, Faculdade de Veterinária, Universidade Federal Fluminense ? UFF, Niterói, RJ, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of infection by T. gondii in cats, by examining serum and fecal samples from animals attended at veterinary clinics in the Metropolitan Region of Lima, Peru. We collected and analyzed 154 cat serum samples and 50 fecal samples, regardless of ...
Svaldi Jennifer J Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, - - 2014
To investigate behavioral inhibition in individuals with binge eating disorder (BED) compared with overweight and obese individuals without BED (No-BED). Participants with BED (n = 31) and the weight-matched No-BED group (n = 29) completed an inhibitory control task (stop-signal task, SST) with food and neutral stimuli. The BED group ...
Gold Abby A University of Minnesota Extension, North Dakota State University Extension Service, Fargo, ND. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the effectiveness of a food safety map as an educational method with English language learners. English language learner community members (n = 73) were assigned randomly to participate in 1 of 3 experimental conditions: food safety map, cooking class, and control. Participants in the food safety map and cooking class ...
Scully P P The Children's Ark, University Hospital Limerick, Limerick, Ireland, - - 2014
Increasing prevalence of overweight and obese children in developed countries poses a substantial threat to long-term health. One well-described factor is the amount of time spent watching television, with exposure to food advertising a known influence on food preferences and consumption patterns. Following recent formulation of new rules regarding advertising ...
Magalhães Paula P University of Otago, New Zealand. Electronic address: - - 2014
Persistence in a losing course of action due to prior investments of time, known as the sunk time effect, has seldom been studied in nonhuman animals. On every trial in the present study, pigeons were required to choose between two response keys. Responses on one key produced food after a ...
Santana Gisélia G Department of Nutrition, Federal University of Pernambuco, 50670-901 Recife, PE, - - 2014
The main goals of this study were to classify dams according to the level of voluntary physical activity before breeding, during pregnancy/lactation and to evaluate the effects on growth trajectory and reflex ontogenesis of offspring. Voluntary physical activity was ranked by travelled distance, time and daily estimated calorie burned. Thirty-five ...
Privitera Gregory J GJ St. Bonaventure University. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to test if proximity of a food or preference for a food influences food intake in a competitive food environment in which one low calorie/low fat (apple slices) and one higher calorie/higher fat (buttered popcorn) food was available in the same environment. The proximity ...
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