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Mateus-Pinheiro António A School of Health Sciences, Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), University of Minho Braga, Portugal ; ICVS/3B's - PT Government Associate Laboratory Braga/Guimarães, - - 2014
Measuring anhedonic behavior in rodents is a challenging task as current methods display only moderate sensitivity to detect anhedonic phenotype and, consequently, results from different labs are frequently incongruent. Herein we present a newly-developed test, the Sweet Drive Test (SDT), which integrates food preference measurement in a non-aversive environment, with ...
Meule Adrian A Department of Psychology I, Institute of Psychology, University of Würzburg Würzburg, - - 2014
Behavioral inhibition is one of the basic facets of executive functioning and is closely related to self-regulation. Impulsive reactions, that is, low inhibitory control, have been associated with higher body mass index (BMI), binge eating, and other problem behaviors (e.g., substance abuse, pathological gambling, etc.). Nevertheless, studies which investigated the ...
Murphy Michelle M Rowett Institute of Nutrition and Health, University of Aberdeen, Greenburn Road, Bucksburn, Aberdeen, AB21 9SB, UK. - - 2014
Food availability and associated sensory cues such as olfaction are known to trigger a range of hormonal and behavioural responses. When food availability is predictable these physiological and behavioural responses can become entrained to set times and occur in anticipation of food rather than being dependent on the food-related cues. ...
Li Yonghui Y Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences Beijing, - - 2014
The paraventricular nucleus of the thalamus (PVT) has generated interest because of its strong projections to areas of the brain associated with the regulation of emotional behaviors. The posterior aspect of the PVT (pPVT) is notable for its projection to the central nucleus of the amygdala which is essential for ...
Tapia-Lewin Sebastián S Instituto de Ciencias Marinas y Limnológicas, Laboratorio Costero Calfuco, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Austral de Chile, Valdivia, - - 2014
Settlement is a key process for meroplanktonic organisms as it determines distribution of adult populations. Starvation and predation are two of the main mortality causes during this period; therefore, settlement tends to be optimized in microhabitats with high food availability and low predator density. Furthermore, brachyuran megalopae actively select favorable ...
Addessi Elsa E CNR, Istituto di Scienze e Tecnologie della Cognizione, Unit of Cognitive Primatology and Primate Center, Via Ulisse Aldrovandi, 16/b, 00197 Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2013
In the Delay choice task subjects choose between a smaller immediate option and a larger delayed option. This paradigm, also known as intertemporal choice task, is frequently used to assess delay tolerance, interpreting a preference for the larger delayed option as willingness to wait. However, in the Delay choice task ...
Blechert Jens J From the Division of Clinical Psychology, Psychotherapy, and Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Salzburg (J.B., J.E.G., F.H.W.) and the Department of Health Psychology, Institute of Psychology and Education, University of Ulm (B.M.H.). Electronic address: - - 2013
Emotional eating, a trait-like style of food intake in response to negative emotion states, represents an important aspect of overeating and eating related psychopathology. The mechanisms of emotional eating both on experiential and neuronal levels are not well delineated. We recorded event related potentials (ERPs) while individuals with high or ...
Hu Yaowu Y Key Laboratory of Vertebrate Evolution and Human Origins of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Palaeoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100044, - - 2014
Domestic cats are one of the most popular pets globally, but the process of their domestication is not well understood. Near Eastern wildcats are thought to have been attracted to food sources in early agricultural settlements, following a commensal pathway to domestication. Early evidence for close human-cat relationships comes from ...
Caut Stephane S Estación Biológica de Doñana, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) Av. Americo Vespucio s/n, 41092, Sevilla, - - 2014
Fire plays a key role in ecosystem dynamics worldwide, altering energy flows and species community structure and composition. However, the functional mechanisms underlying these effects are not well understood. Many ground-dwelling animal species can shelter themselves from exposure to heat and therefore rarely suffer direct mortality. However, fire-induced alterations to ...
Wansink Brian B Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, Cornell - - 2013
Research on the self-serving of food has empirically ignored the role that visual consumption norms play in determining how much food we serve on different sized dinnerware. We contend that dinnerware provides a visual anchor of an appropriate fill-level, which in turn, serves as a consumption norm (Study 1). The ...
Daubenmier Jennifer - - 2013
Overweight and obese individuals differ in their degree of hedonic eating. This may reflect adaptations in reward-related neural circuits, regulated in part by opioidergic activity. We examined an indirect, functional measure of central opioidergic activity by assessing cortisol and nausea responses to acute opioid blockade using the opioid antagonist naltrexone ...
Monclaro Antonielle V - - 2013
Time can be an important contextual cue for cognitive performance, with implications for reward-associated learned behaviors such as (drug and food) addiction. So, we analyzed: (1) if marmoset monkeys develop a place preference that is conditioned to previous pairings with a highly-palatable food reward; (2) if the response is strongest ...
Kinney Michael P - - 2013
The effects of the serotonin selective reuptake inhibitor paroxetine (2 x 10(-5) mol(.)l(-1)) on behavior of the larval mosquito Aedes aegypti (L.) are described. Four discrete behavioral states dominate larval behavior, wriggling, two distinct types of feeding, and quiescence. Feeding behaviors consist of foraging along the bottom of the container ...
Vicars Sara M - - 2013
The paired-stimulus (PS) preference assessment has been shown to be effective in assessing preference with animal subjects, including dogs; however, evaluations on whether preferred stimuli would also function as reinforcers are lacking. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the use of the PS preference assessment as a ...
Brännäs E - - 2013
Feeding activity from a larger refuge site into two visually separated feeding sites with temporally restricted food availability, one in the morning and one in the evening was studied in duplicate groups of Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus. A passive integrated transponder (PIT) system enabled continuous monitoring of individual movements between ...
Van den Eynde Frederique - - 2013
Research into the neural correlates of bulimia nervosa (BN) psychopathology remains limited. In this functional magnetic resonance imaging study, 21 BN patients and 23 healthy controls (HCs) completed two paradigms: 1) processing of visual food stimuli and 2) comparing their own appearance with that of slim women. Participants also rated ...
Sigman-Grant Madeleine - - 2013
To determine changes in preschoolers' ability to distinguish between healthy and unhealthy foods and stated food preferences after participation in a nutrition education program. Pre-post comparison/intervention study with sites clustered based on center size and language. Preschool classrooms. A total of 191 preschoolers from Nevada and 128 from Connecticut, New ...
Melo J W S - - 2013
Ambulatory movement of plant-feeding mites sets limits to the distances they can cover to reach a new food source. In absence of food-related cues these limits are determined by survival, walking activity, walking path tortuosity and walking speed, whereas in presence of food the limits are also determined by the ...
van der Kooij Marieke - - 2013
The objective of this prospective, multicentre, non-controlled, open-label study was to evaluate the effects of an iodine-restricted food on circulating total thyroxine (TT4) concentrations and clinical parameters in client-owned cats with hyperthyroidism. Two hundred and twenty-five cats were enrolled in the study and adapted to the iodine-restricted food. Data from ...
Buck Cara L - - 2013
Fifty kilohertz ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) have been sometimes shown to reflect positive affective-like states in rats. Rewarding events, such as access to palatable food or drugs of abuse, increase the number of anticipatory 50-kHz USVs. However, little is known about the predictability of USVs, subtypes of USVs involved, and underlying ...
Sabrina Moreyra M Laboratory Ecotono, INIBIOMA, Quintral 1250 (8400) Bariloche, - - 2013
Memory has been little studied in social wasps. Vespula germanica (Fab.) (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) frequently revisits nondepleted food sources, making several trips between the resource and the nest. In this study, we analyzed this relocating behavior in order to evaluate whether this species is capable of remembering an established association after ...
Day Peter L - - 2013
To explore changes in urban food environments near schools, as potential contributors to the rising prevalence of overweight and obesity among children. Addresses of food premises and schools in 1966, 1976, 1986, 1996 and 2006 were geo-coded. For each year, the number and proportion of outlets by category (supermarket/grocery; convenience; ...
Jandt Jennifer - - 2013
Flexibility in behavior can increase the likelihood that a forager may respond optimally in a fluctuating environment. Nevertheless, physiological or neuronal constraints may result in suboptimal responses to stimuli. We observed foraging workers of the giant tropical ant (also referred to as the "bullet ant"), Paraponera clavata, as they reacted ...
Bjorge-Schohl Brooke - - 2013
Validation studies support the use of self-administered computerized methods for reporting energy intake; however, the degree of interpretation bias with these methods is unknown. This research compared nutrient intake for food records that were both participant coded (using the National Cancer Institute's Automated Self-Administered 24-hour recall [ASA24] online program) and ...
McClure Auden C - - 2013
Advertisement of fast food on TV may contribute to youth obesity. The goal of the study was to use cued recall to determine whether TV fast-food advertising is associated with youth obesity. A national sample of 2541 U.S. youth, aged 15-23 years, were surveyed in 2010-2011; data were analyzed in ...
Emerson Sara E - - 2013
To examine habitat preferences of two groups of samango monkeys (Cercopithecus (nictitans) mitis erythrarchus) in the Soutpansberg, South Africa, we used experimental food patches in fragments of tall forest and in bordering secondary growth short forest. Additionally, to test for the impacts of group cohesion and movement on habitat use, ...
Motsosi E E Department ofAgricultural Economics and Extension, North-West University, Mafikeng Campus, South - - 2013
The study presents the Impact of "Alleviating Hunger Together" Programme on Food Security in Bojanala District in South Africa. The study was conducted among 100 households in Moretele from different villages. Respondents were selected randomly and information was gathered through the use of questionnaires. The results showed that 13 percent ...
Vogelnest Lj Lj University of Sydney Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Narellan, New South Wales, - - 2013
To better characterise cutaneous adverse food reactions (AFR) in cats, including the diagnostic challenges. Retrospective evaluation of cases presenting to a dermatology referral service. Cats were identified by a computerised medical record search. AFR was confirmed by clear deterioration on normal food re-challenge after completing an elimination diet, followed by ...
Ravens Pa P Small Animal Specialist Hospital, 1/1 Richardson Place, North Ryde, New South Wales, 2113, Australia. - - 2013
A normolipaemic 7-year-old female spayed Domestic Shorthair was initially presented with a history of pruritus for several years and diagnosed with concurrent atopic dermatitis, flea bite hypersensitivity and adverse food reaction. The hypersensitivities were controlled with cyclosporin, allergen-specific immunotherapy, topical flea control and a restricted diet. Five months after initial ...
Meule Adrian A Institute of Psychology, Department of Psychology I, University of Würzburg, Marcusstr. 9-11, 97070 Würzburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Low inhibitory control has been associated with overeating and addictive behaviors. Inhibitory control can modulate cue-elicited craving in social or alcohol-dependent drinkers, and trait impulsivity may also play a role in food-cue reactivity. The current study investigated food-cue affected response inhibition and its relationship to food craving using a stop-signal ...
Emerson Sara E SE Department of Biology, Kentucky Wesleyan College, 3000 Frederica St, Owensboro, KY 42301 USA. Electronic address: - - 2013
To examine habitat preferences of two groups of samango monkeys (Cercopithecus (nictitans) mitis erythrarchus) in the Soutpansberg, South Africa, we used experimental food patches in fragments of tall forest and in bordering secondary growth short forest. Additionally, to test for the impacts of group cohesion and movement on habitat use, ...
Reyes M - - 2013
ObjectiveTo determine patterns of satiety responsiveness and its relationship to eating in the absence of hunger (EAH), in a cohort of adolescents. We also assessed whether sex, BMI and duration of breastfeeding, during infancy, predicted satiety responsiveness and eating behavior at 16 years.MethodsAdolescents (n=576) from a longitudinal cohort, that began ...
Chacon Violeta - - 2013
Childhood overweight in Guatemala is now becoming a public health concern. Child-directed marketing contributes to increase children's food preference, purchase and consumption. This study sought to assess the availability of child-oriented snack foods sold in school kiosks and convenience stores near public schools in Guatemala, to identify the marketing techniques ...
Lulich Jody P - - 2013
Objective-To compare the efficacy and safety of using 2 commercially available, low-magnesium, urine-acidifying dry foods to dissolve sterile struvite uroliths in cats. Design-Prospective, multicenter, randomized clinical trial Sample-37 cats with presumed struvite uroliths. Procedures-Cats were randomly assigned to be fed 1 of 2 low-magnesium, urine-acidifying dry foods (food A or ...
Suarez Michelle A - - 2013
The objective of this study was to examine food selectivity in children with autism spectrum disorders longitudinally. Additionally explored were the stability of the relationship between food selectivity and sensory over-responsivity from time 1 to time 2 and the association between food selectivity and restricted and repetitive behavior at time ...
Schonberg Tom - - 2013
To overcome unhealthy behaviors, one must be able to make better choices. Changing food preferences is an important strategy in addressing the obesity epidemic and its accompanying public health risks. However, little is known about how food preferences can be effectively affected and what neural systems support such changes. In ...
Clissold Kara A - - 2013
Serotonin (5-HT) signaling has been widely implicated in the regulation of feeding behaviors in both humans and animal models. Recently, we reported that co-stimulation of 5-HT1&7 receptors of the anterior medial nucleus accumbens with the drug 5-CT caused a dose-dependent decrease in food intake, water intake, and locomotion in rats ...
Keller Kristine L - - 2013
Approach behavior is regulated by the brain integrating information about environment and body state. Psychoactive drugs interact with this process. We examined the extent to which caloric (i.e., food) restriction, amphetamine (AMPH) and lithium interact in potentiating locomotor activity and responding reinforced by visual stimulus (VS), a reward unrelated to ...
Castilla José Luis - - 2013
Under intermittent food schedules animals develop temporally organized behaviors throughout interfood intervals, with behaviors early in the intervals (interim) normally occurring in excess. Schedule-induced drinking (a prototype of interim, adjunctive behavior) is related to food deprivation and food frequency. This study investigated the interactions that resulted from combining different food-deprivation ...
Verbeek Else - - 2013
Food restriction is considered to be a welfare issue in extensively reared animals. However, the effects of food restriction on the affective state, and its physiological regulation, are unknown. In Experiment 1, we aimed to assess the effects of increased plasma concentrations of acyl-ghrelin on judgement bias (an indicator of ...
Roberts Michele - - 2013
Issues addressed The aim of the present study was to describe food advertising and expenditure on Australian television, and to conduct an audit to assess what proportion of food and beverage television advertisements was consistent with dietary recommendations. Methods Data were acquired from a national media monitoring company for advertisements ...
Rollins Brandi Y - - 2013
Progressive ratio (PR) schedules of reinforcement have been used to measure the relative reinforcing value (RRV) of food in humans as young as 8 years old; however, developmentally appropriate measures are needed to measure RRV of food earlier in life. Study objectives were to demonstrate the validity of the RRV ...
Werthmann Jessica - - 2013
The current study examined experimentally whether a manipulated attention bias for food cues increases craving, chocolate intake and motivation to search for hidden chocolates. To test the effect of attention for food on subsequent chocolate intake, attention for chocolate was experimentally modified by instructing participants to look at chocolate stimuli ...
Giel Katrin E KE Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Medical University Hospital Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
Weight loss after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) might be associated partially with changes in reward system functioning and altered appetitive responses to food cues. Food cue processing refers to motivational, affective, and cognitive responses to stimuli that are associated with food. We investigated if food cue processing is altered 6 ...
Kim Kirang - - 2013
The objectives of this study were to examine the trend in unhealthy food intake by socioeconomic position (SEP) and to determine whether the government's nutritional policies affect socioeconomic disparity in the food intake among adolescents. Data were from the five independent cross-sectional survey data (2006-2011) of Korea Youth Risk Behavior ...
Teichroeb Julie A - - 2013
Understanding animals' spatial perception is a critical step toward discerning their cognitive processes. The spatial sense is multimodal and based on both the external world and mental representations of that world. Navigation in each species depends upon its evolutionary history, physiology, and ecological niche. We carried out foraging experiments on ...
Sarlo Michela - - 2013
This event-related potential (ERP) study investigated neuronal correlates of cognitive reappraisal during the exposure to food cues. Thirty-three healthy, normal-weight women viewed images of high-caloric food and non-food items after an overnight fast. The participants were instructed to either passively look at the pictures, or to change (increase, decrease) the ...
Baladi Michelle G - - 2013
The contribution of dopamine receptor subtypes in mediating the discriminative stimulus effects of cocaine is not fully established. Many drug discrimination studies use food to maintain responding, necessitating food restriction, which can alter drug effects. This study established stimulus control with cocaine (10 mg/kg) in free-feeding and food-restricted rats responding under ...
Hardman Charlotte A - - 2013
Obese and overweight individuals show a marked attentional bias to food cues. Food-related attentional bias may therefore play a causal role in over-eating. To test this possibility, the current study experimentally manipulated attentional bias towards food using a modified version of the visual probe task in which cake-stationery item image ...
Spudeit William Anderson - - 2013
The postprandial event known as the specific dynamic action is an evolutionarily conserved physiological set of metabolic responses to feeding. Its behavioral counterpart, a sequence of drinking, maintenance (e.g., grooming) and sleep-like behaviors known as the Behavioral Satiety Sequence (BSS), has been thoroughly described in rodents and has enabled the ...
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