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Results 401 - 450 of 2039
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Musara Colin C Department of Preclinical Veterinary Studies, University of Zimbabwe, P.O. Box MP 167, Mount Pleasant, Harare, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate osmometry as a tool in quality analysis of milk. The osmolality of raw milk, sterilized milk, skimmed UHT (ultra-high temperature-treated) milk, pasteurized milk, standardized UHT milk and fermented milk (Lactococcus lactis culture) was determined by freezing point osmometry. The relationship between osmolality ...
Firdous Shamma S a Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories Complex , Lahore , - - 2014
A survey was conducted to evaluate aflatoxin contamination of commonly used food in Lahore, Pakistan. In this context, 1125 samples of various food commodities were collected from various areas of Lahore city. In corn-based products AFB1 was detected in 52% (range 2.0-1405.3 µg kg(-1)) and AFB2 in 25% (range 1.0-55.2 µg kg(-1)) ...
Bracke Nathalie - - 2013
Identification of unwanted microbial contaminants microscopically observed in food products is challenging due to their low abundance in a complex matrix, quite often containing other microorganisms. Therefore, a selective identification method was developed using laser capture microdissection in combination with direct-captured cell PCR. This procedure was validated with Geobacillus stearothermophilus ...
Gatti Monica - - 2013
The robustness of the starter culture during cheese fermentation is enhanced by the presence of a rich consortium of microbes. Natural starters are consortia of microbes undoubtedly richer than selected starters. Among natural starters, natural whey starters (NWS) are the most common cultures currently used to produce different varieties of ...
Wong Waiky W K - - 2013
Dioxins and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent organic pollutants (POPs) covered by the Stockholm Convention on POPs. To assess the associated health risk of the Hong Kong population, the dietary exposure of the Hong Kong population and various age-gender subgroups to dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs was estimated in the ...
Cengiz Ozalp V - - 2013
The presence of pathogenic bacteria is a major health risk factor in food samples and commercial food supply chain is susceptible to bacterial contamination. Thus, rapid and sensitive identification methods are in demand for food industry. Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) is one of the reliable specific methods with reasonably ...
Wansink Brian B Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, - - 2013
What happens if a fast-food restaurant chain lowers the calories in a children's meal bundle (CMB), mainly by reducing the portion size of French fries? This study examines how such changes may influence within-meal selections. Specifically, do lower-calorie changes lead to within-meal calorie compensation? Item-level anonymous transaction data were collected ...
Abdelmassih Marleen - - 2013
Food microbiology proficiency testing (PT) is a useful tool to assess the analytical performances among laboratories. PT items should be close to routine samples to accurately evaluate the acceptability of the methods. However, most PT providers distribute exclusively artificial samples such as reference materials or irradiated foods. This raises the ...
Costa Giselle Nobre - - 2013
Lactobacillus plantarum has been used in human clinical trials to promote beneficial effects in the immune system, to alleviate intestinal disorders, to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Besides it is involved in many fermentation processes in the food industry. However, information on the fate of ingested L. plantarum is ...
Chen Huaiqiong - - 2013
Essential oils components (EOCs) have limited water solubility and are used at much higher concentrations in complex food matrices than in growth media to inhibit pathogens. However, the correlation between solubility and activity has not been studied. The objective of this work was to characterize the solubility of EOCs in ...
Cramer Luise - - 2013
Contamination of food and feed with pyrrolizidine alkaloids is currently discussed as a potential health risk. Here, we report the development of a new HPLC-ESI-MS/MS sum parameter method to quantitate the pyrrolizidine alkaloid content in complex food matrices. The procedure was validated for honey and culinary herbs. Isotopically labeled 7-O-9-O-dibutyroyl-[9,9-(2)H2]-retronecine ...
Herrero Beatriz B Research Department of Living Resources, Aquaculture and Its Traceability Management, ANFACO-CECOPESCA, Vigo 36310, Pontevedra, - - 2014
Food allergy is recognised as an important human health problem. Fish represent one of the most important causes of food hypersensitivity reaction. Small amounts of the allergen can cause severe reactions in sensitive individuals, so correct labelling is essential to ensure the protection of consumers. The objective of the present ...
Tabacchi Garden G 1 Department of Sciences for Health Promotion and Mother Child Care 'G. D'Alessandro', University of Palermo, Via Del Vespro 133, 90127 Palermo, - - 2013
The aim of the present work was to determine what dietary assessment method can provide a valid and accurate estimate of nutrient intake by comparison with the gold standard. A MEDLINE, EMBASE, ISI Web of Science, Cochrane and related references literature review was conducted on dietary assessment methods for adolescents ...
Chu Yen Li - - 2013
To examine the associations between home meal preparation involvement with diet quality and food group intake among children. Grade 5 children aged 10-11 years (n = 3,398) were surveyed. Food intake was measured using the Harvard Youth/Adolescent Food Frequency Questionnaire, and diet quality was measured using the Diet Quality Index-International. ...
Lou-Arnal Luis M - - 2013
Introduction and objectives. The use of phosphate additives in meat and fish processing leads to a phosphorus overload that we cannot quantify through labelling or food composition tables. We analysed this increase by measuring phosphorus content in these products by spectrophotometry. Materials and method. We determined the phosphorus/protein ratio in ...
Losito Francesca - - 2013
Dairy products are characterized by reduced shelf life because they are an excellent growth medium for a wide range of microorganisms. For this reason, it is important to monitor the microbiological quality of dairy products and, in particular, the total viable count and concentration of Escherichia coli, as they are ...
Bertelsen Randi J - - 2013
Sensitization to food allergens and food allergic reactions are mostly caused by ingesting the allergen, but can also occur from exposure via the respiratory tract or the skin. Little is known about exposure to food allergens in the home environment. To describe the frequency of detection of allergens from fish, ...
Costas-Rodríguez Marta - - 2013
In this work, the hypothesis of a possible dietary effect on the isotopic composition of Zn in blood from populations with different feeding habits, i.e. lacto-ovo vegetarians and omnivores, was investigated through isotopic analysis of Zn in common food products by multi-collector ICP - mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS). Several certified reference ...
Edwards J P - - 2013
The objective of this study was to describe the variation in milking characteristics, and factors associated with these traits, in grazing dairy cows milked without premilking stimulation. Milk yield, duration, and average and maximum milk flow rate data were collected from 38 farms in New Zealand at 2 time points ...
Miller Laura J - - 2013
Abstract Purpose . Examine whether individual-level childhood obesity is related to residential availability of fast food and healthy food outlets. Design . Retrospective cross-sectional study. Setting . Perth, Western Australia Subjects . A total of 1850 children aged 5 to 15 years in 2005-2010 who participated in the Western Australian ...
Frazier Johnnie P - - 2013
Objective. To document the prevalence of junk foods seen at clinic visits. Design. A cross-sectional 23-item survey of observed food items were completed by medical staff using a convenience sample of families from June 2, 2011 to March 2, 2012. Setting. The study was conducted in pediatric clinics affiliated with ...
Meysenburg Rebecca - - 2013
Food preparers in families with young children are responsible for safe food preparation and handling to prevent foodborne illness. To explore the food safety perceptions, beliefs, and practices of primary food preparers in families with children 10 years of age and younger, a mixed methods convergent parallel design and constructs ...
Flachowsky Gerhard - - 2013
Iodine is an essential trace element for humans and animals, and it is incorporated into the thyroid hormones such as thyroxine and triiodothyronine, which have multiple functions in energy metabolism and growth, but also as transmitter of nervous stimuli and as an important factor for brain development. Because of the ...
Le Thuy-My - - 2013
Many children in the general population avoid food because of self-reported adverse food reactions (AFR). Food avoidance can have negative consequences for well-being and nutritional status. This study aimed to investigate which factors are related to avoidance behavior in children (10-13 yr old) from the general population. Questionnaires for both mother ...
Poti Jennifer M - - 2013
Little is known about the role of location in U.S. children's excess intake of energy from solid fat and added sugar, collectively referred to as SoFAS. The goal of this study was to compare the SoFAS content of foods consumed by children from stores, schools, and fast-food restaurants and to ...
Schneider Elizabeth P - - 2013
To determine whether sampled food blogs provide nutritionally balanced recipes. Two entree recipes per season, per year (2010-2011) were selected from 6 highly ranked food blogs (n = 96). Food Processor Nutrition and Fitness software was used to analyze sodium, saturated fat, and energy content. Analysis was separated by protein type ...
Schoder Dagmar - - 2013
In Tanzania, pastoralists such as the Maasai and small urban farmers are responsible for the country's milk production, and 95% of the national milk supply is sold without regulation. This study was conducted using hygiene checklists and milk sampling to investigate milk quality and safety at various steps throughout the ...
Cao Xu-Liang - - 2013
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) food-wrapping films plasticized with di-(2-ethylhexyl) adipate (DEHA) are commonly used by grocery stores in Canada to rewrap meat, poultry, fish, cheese, and other foods. DEHA was assessed as part of the Government of Canada's Chemicals Management Plan. The main source of exposure for most age groups was ...
Giacometti Federica - - 2013
Prevalence data were collected from official microbiological records monitoring four selected foodborne pathogens (Salmonella, Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Campylobacter jejuni) in raw milk sold by self-service vending machines in seven Italian regions (60,907 samples from 1,239 vending machines) from 2008 to 2011. Data from samples analyzed by both ...
Chang Man Li ML Department of Molecular Epidemiology, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150081, Heilongjiang, China; Department of Laboratory Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150086, Heilongjiang, - - 2013
To analyze the allergic status to common inhalant allergens and food allergens in clinical patients in Harbin in northeastern China and provide evidence to develop the prevention strategy of allergic disease. The data were collected from 5 473 patients with clinical suspected allergic diseases seeking medical care in the Second ...
Menong J M JM Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, North-West University, Mafikeng Campus, South - - 2013
The study examines extension needs of commercial farmers in the North West province. Commercial farming is one of the most important rural development investment strategies that can have both direct and indirect impact on poverty and food security. The sampling frame of the study consists of 88 farmers which is ...
Oyekale Tolulope Olayemi TO Institute of Food Security, Environmental Resources and Agricultural Research, University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. - - 2013
Milk is a source of protein but contains some micro-organisms which could be harmful if consumed raw. Pasteurization helps in making it safe for consumption without substantial depletion of its nutrient composition. This study examined the level of awareness of pasteurized milk, amount willing to pay per liter and factors ...
Sharafati-Chaleshtori R R Young Researchers Club, Shahre-kord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahre-kord, - - 2013
Nowadays, antibiotics are widely used in aquatic animals to control and treatment of infections or as food supplement for growth increase and animal output. With increasing use of veterinary drugs in food production, there is global consideration about the consumption of antimicrobial residues in aquatic foods and their effects on ...
Banzato C - - 2013
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a potentially severe non-IgE-mediated food allergy usually caused by cow's milk or soy, and more rarely by solid foods such as rice, oats, barley, chicken, turkey, egg white, green peas and peanuts. In children with FPIES, the presence of specific IgE antibodies to the ...
Bird Patrick - - 2013
The 3M Molecular Detection Assay (MDA) Salmonella is used with the 3M Molecular Detection System for the detection of Salmonella spp. in food, food-related, and environmental samples after enrichment. The assay utilizes loop-mediated isothermal amplification to rapidly amplify Salmonella target DNA with high specificity and sensitivity, combined with bioluminescence to ...
Cryar Adam - - 2013
Current routine food allergen quantification methods, which are based on immunochemistry, offer high sensitivity but can suffer from issues of specificity and significant variability of results. MS approaches have been developed, but currently lack metrological traceability. A feasibility study on the application of metrologically traceable MS-based reference procedures was undertaken. ...
Benedito E E Ictiologia e Aquicultura, Núcleo de Pesquisas em Limnologia, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, PR, - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of Oreochromis niloticus cage culture promoted variations in the δ13C and δ15N in Corbicula fluminea (Mollusca; Bivalvia) and in the sediment of an aquatic food web. Samples were taken before and after net cage installation in the Rosana Reservoir (Paranapanema ...
Pereira Paula C PC Laboratório de Bioquímica, CiiEm - Centro de Investigação Interdisciplinar Egas Moniz, Egas Moniz, Cooperativa de Ensino Superior, C.R.L. Quinta da Granja, Monte de Caparica, Caparica, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dairy and milk consumption are frequently included as important elements in a healthy and balanced diet. It is the first food for mammals and provides all the necessary energy and nutrients to ensure proper growth and development, being crucial in respect to bone mass formation. However, several controversies arise from ...
Burns Cate - - 2013
To examine the associations between financial, physical and transport conditions that may restrict food access (which we define as food security indicators) and the purchase of fast foods and nutritious staples such as bread and milk. Multilevel logistic and multinomial regression analysis of cross-sectional survey data to assess associations between ...
Shannon Ron R a Mississippi State Chemical Laboratory , Mississippi State University , Mississippi State , MS , - - 2014
Rice milk and its by-products were tested for total arsenic concentration. Total arsenic concentration was determined using graphite-furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. The arsenic concentrations ranged from 2.7 ± 0.3 to 17.9 ± 0.5 µg L(-1). Rice milk and its by-products are not clearly defined as food, water or milk substitute. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), ...
Rehnstam-Holm A-S - - 2013
The bacteria Vibrio parahaemolyticus is an important component of coastal ecosystems worldwide, and in recent years, V. parahaemolyticus has caused several cases of food-borne gastroenteritis. However, research investigating which parameters are important in regulating V. parahaemolyticus abundance in tropical areas with relatively stable temperatures and salinity are largely lacking. The ...
Demirel Rasime - - 2013
Aflatoxins (AFs) and Ochratoxin A (OTA) are metabolites produced by several fungi of the genera Aspergillus and Penicillium, and have been found to contaminate human foods and animal feed. The aim of the present study was to investigate the abundance and diversity of total microfungi and mycotoxigenic fungi in twenty-five ...
Pritchard Sarah J - - 2013
Texture modified diets may be enriched to optimise the opportunity for individuals to meet their required energy intakes; however there is insufficient evidence supporting this strategy. Thus we sought to investigate the effect of texture and energy density on food (g) and energy intakes (kcal), appetite (satiation and satiety), and ...
Vericker Tracy C - - 2013
Childhood obesity is a critical public health issue, with prevalence rates reaching nearly one in five children. Schools may be a promising public policy intervention point. The foods schools sell and the physical activity environments they foster can influence dietary behaviors and overall physical activity. Using secondary data from a ...
Kalivas John H - - 2014
Quantitative analysis of food adulterants is an important health and economic issue that needs to be fast and simple. Spectroscopy has significantly reduced analysis time. However, still needed are preparations of analyte calibration samples matrix matched to prediction samples which can be laborious and costly. Reported in this paper is ...
Zalma Abdul Razak - - 2013
Interventions to counter the influence of television food advertising amongst children are important. Thus, reliable and valid instrument to assess its effect is needed. The objective of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of such a questionnaire. The questionnaire was administered twice on 32 primary schoolchildren aged ...
Urtiaga Carmen - - 2013
Sulphites are widely used as a preservative and antioxidant additive in food. The aim of this study was to assess dietary sulphite intake in adults aged 35-65 years and in children aged 4-18 years living in the Basque Country, northern Spain. We determined sulphite concentrations in 909 samples covering 16 ...
Scharf Alexandra - - 2013
For the routine detection of allergens in foods, PCR and/or ELISA methods are employed. To assess the suitability of these methods, proficiency tests (PTs) could be used as a valuable instrument. It is a common practice to evaluate the results with respect to the experimentally obtained robust mean without considering ...
Keim Sarah A SA 700 Children's Dr, Columbus, OH 43205. - - 2013
To quantify microbial contamination of human milk purchased via the Internet as an indicator of disease risk to recipient infants. Cross-sectional sample of human milk purchased via a popular US milk-sharing Web site (2012). Individuals advertising milk were contacted to arrange purchase, and milk was shipped to a rented mailbox ...
Custodio Joseph M - - 2013
The effect of food on rilpivirine/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate single-tablet regimen (STR) was evaluated in healthy subjects. Subjects (N = 24) received rilpivirine/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (25/200/300 mg) under fasted or fed conditions (light [390 kcal, 12 g fat]; standard [540 kcal, 21 g fat]) followed by pharmacokinetic (PK) sampling. The 90% confidence interval (CI) of the geometric mean ...
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