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Results 351 - 400 of 2028
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Stea Tonje H TH Department of Public Health, Sport and Nutrition, University of Agder, Kristiansand, - - 2014
To validate energy intake (EI) estimated from a pre-coded food diary (PFD) against energy expenditure (EE) measured with a valid physical activity monitor (SenseWear Pro3 Armband) and to evaluate whether misreporting was associated with overweight/obesity in a group of elderly men. Forty-seven healthy Norwegian men, 60-80 years old, completed the ...
Contzen Matthias M Chemisches und Veterinäruntersuchungsamt (CVUA) Stuttgart, Schaflandstr. 3/2, D-70736 Fellbach, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
Bacillus (B.) cytotoxicus is a newly described thermotolerant member of the Bacillus cereus group. This potential foodborne pathogen had so far only been isolated from vegetable products, including mashed potatoes. Here we report the detection of B. cytotoxicus in a variety of potato products taken on retail level or from ...
Dalmasso Marion M Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, - - 2013
Analysis for L. monocytogenes by ISO11290-1 is time-consuming, entailing two enrichment steps and subsequent plating on agar plates, taking five days without isolate confirmation. The aim of this study was to determine if a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay could be used for analysis of the first or second enrichment ...
Hu D D Intensive Care Unit, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, Qingdao, - - 2013
Epidemiological studies evaluating the association of dairy foods with risk of stroke have produced inconsistent results. We conducted a meta-analysis to summarize the evidence from prospective cohort studies regarding the association between dairy foods and risk of stroke. Pertinent studies were identified by searching Embase (1950-November, 2013), Web of Knowledge ...
Nasiraei-Moghadam Shiva Nasiraei-Moghadam SN Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, - - 2014
The goals of the study are evaluation the effects of food deprivation and isolation situation as a social stress on fertility; and in the following, investigation of the improving effect of melatonin as an antioxidant component. In this experimental study, We investigated histopathological and serological effects of melatonin and social ...
Slyper Arnold H - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: This quality improvement program examined self-reported hunger, over-eating, and eating speed in obese and normal-weight children and adolescents prior to an interventional component. Patients and Methods: Food frequency questionnaires were presented to 127 obese and 42 normal-weight patients, and perceived hunger, food intake and eating speed were rated. ...
Yeasmin Lubna L * MDG Foundation, Dhaka, - - 2013
Summary This study aimed to assess whether teaching good cooking practices, food habits and sanitation to ultra-poor rural women in four rural communities of Rangpur district, Bangladesh, with a high density of extremely poor households, would improve the overall health of the community. The sample size was 200 respondents combined ...
Husain Adnan A Food and Nutrition Program, Environmental and Life Sciences Research Center, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, P.O. Box 24885, Safat 13109, Kuwait. Electronic address: - - 2014
A total of 318 local and imported meat, milk, eggs, fish, and animal feed samples collected in Kuwait were analyzed by cell-based reporter gene assay (Dioxin-Responsive Chemical Activated LUciferase gene eXpression DR-CALUX) for PCDD/Fs and dl-PCBs. The bioanalytical equivalents (BEQs) obtained by DR-CALUX bioassay were compared with the official maximum ...
Chung Stephen Wai-Cheung SW a Food Research Laboratory, Centre for Food Safety , Food and Environmental Hygiene Department , 4/F Public Health Laboratory Centre, 382 Nam Cheong Street, Hong Kong , - - 2013
Abstract Arsenic (As) is a metalloid that occurs in different inorganic and organic forms, which are found in the environment both from natural occurrence and from anthropogenic activity. The inorganic forms of As are more toxic as compared to the organic As, but so far most of the occurrence data ...
Langellier Brent A BA At the time of the study, Brent A. Langellier, and M. Pia Chaparro, were with and May C. Wang is with the Department of Community Health Sciences, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles. At the time of the study, Maria Koleilat was with and Shannon E. Whaley is with Public Health Foundation Enterprises, Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children Program, Los Angeles, - - 2013
Objectives. We assessed the effect of the new Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) food package, implemented in October 2009, on breastfeeding outcomes among a predominately Latina sample of WIC participants in Los Angeles County, California. Methods. We used data from 5020 WIC participants who were ...
Wang Dongxu D School of Public Health, Griffith University, Room 4.08/S07, South Bank Campus, PO Box 3370, South Brisbane, QLD, 4101, Australia, - - 2013
To investigate the knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of seventh-grade students regarding nutrition and dietary intake, to collect data that would facilitate the design and implementation of interventions aimed at promoting good nutrition in adolescents via the school and to contribute to the improvement of adolescents' health in rural regions. This ...
Souto Débora Lopes DL Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Institute of Nutrition Josué de Castro, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2013
Diets based on carbohydrate counting remain a key strategy for improving glycemic control in patients with type 1 diabetes. However, these diets may promote weight gain because of the flexibility in food choices. The aim of this study was to compare carbohydrate counting methods regarding anthropometric, biochemical, and dietary variables ...
Carlson Michelle J - - 2013
It is unknown whether children with functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders identify specific foods that exacerbate their GI symptoms. The objectives of this study were to determine the perceived role of food on GI symptoms and to determine the impact of food-induced symptoms on quality of life (QOL) in children with ...
Collins Brendan B Research Fellow in Health Economics, Public Health - Wirral Council/University of Liverpool, Old Market House, Hamilton Street, Birkenhead, Merseyside, CH41 5AL, - - 2013
To understand more about the relationship between economic deprivation, types of premises, food hygiene scores and rates of gastrointestinal illness in the UK. Data were extracted from the UK Food Standards Agency for about 300 000 UK premises which had hygiene scores based on visits from local authority food safety ...
Pereira-da-Silva Luis L Neonatal Division, Hospital Dona Estefânia, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central, Lisbon, - - 2013
Objective To evaluate the effect of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), energy and macronutrient intakes during pregnancy, and gestational weight gain (GWG) on the body composition of full-term appropriate-for-gestational age neonates. Study Design This is a cross-sectional study of a systematically recruited convenience sample of mother-infant pairs. Food intake during pregnancy was ...
Oke M O MO Department of Food Science and Engineering, Ladoke Akintola University Ogbomoso, - - 2013
The nutritional and anti-nutritional compositions of African Yam Bean (AYB) and Lima bean flours under different processing methods were determined. Nutritional and anti-nutritional properties studied include moisture content, crude protein, crude fibre, ash content, ether extract, carbohydrate, tannin, protease inhibitor and phytate. The moisture content of AYB flours ranged from ...
Gerbault Pascale P Research Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT, - - 2013
Lactase is the enzyme that breaks down the milk sugar lactose, and in most mammals, including most humans, lactase activity is down-regulated after the weaning period is completed. However, in about 35% of adults worldwide, lactase continues to be expressed throughout adulthood, a feature termed lactase persistence (LP). Genetic evidence ...
Durazzo Alessandra A CRA-NUT, Via Ardeatina 546, 00178 Roma, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food industry is interested in the utilisation of legume flours for the improvement the nutritional quality of cereal based foods. In this context, this research aimed at investigating the beneficial properties of different commercial carob seed flours -Ceratonia siliqua L.-. In particular, we determined chemical parameters (protein, fat, ash, soluble ...
Palle-Reisch Monika M Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Vienna, Währinger Straße 38, 1090 Vienna, Austria; AGES, Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety, Institute for Food Safety, Department of Molecular Biology and Microbiology, Spargelfeldstraße 191, 1220 Vienna, - - 2014
The paper presents a duplex real-time PCR assay for the simultaneous detection of three potentially allergenic mustard species commonly used in food: white mustard (Sinapis alba), black mustard (Brassica nigra) and brown mustard (Brassica juncea). White mustard is detected in the "green" and black/brown mustard in the "yellow" channel. The ...
Velazquez Cayley E - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine how objective measures of attention to food/beverage advertising were associated with the unhealthy food/beverage preferences and choices of children and adolescents. A self-report survey and eye-tracking session were completed by 102 youth (mean age=11.6 years; 56.4% were white; 43.1% were female) between ...
Lloyd Michelle A MA Department of Nutrition, Dietetics and Food Science, Brigham Young University , Provo, UT , - - 2013
Abstract Rice is a staple food that may be packaged for long-term storage to ameliorate unpredictable circumstances such as crop failures and natural disasters. The sensory and nutritional quality of 18 samples of long grain white rice (11 regular, 7 parboiled) packaged in cans stored up to 30 years at ...
Rawat Rahul - - 2013
Although the last decade has seen increased access to anti-retroviral therapy (ART) across the developing world, widespread food insecurity and undernutrition continue to compromise an effective response to the AIDS epidemic. Limited evidence exists on the potential benefit of food security and nutrition interventions to people living with HIV (PLHIV). ...
Nakamura Sumiko - - 2013
Cooked grains of ae rice cultivars are too hard and non-sticky due to the presence of long-chain amylopectin, and ae rice cultivars are therefore called ``super-hard rice'' and cannot be used as table rice. However, they are promising in terms of their bio-functionality such as preventing diabetes. Miso (soybean paste) ...
Vitas Ana Isabel AI Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, University of Navarra, C/Irunlarrea 1, 31008 Pamplona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2013
Controlling Listeria monocytogenes in smoked salmon is still a challenge for food business operators. The reported low levels and uneven distribution of the pathogen make it necessary to apply good sampling plans and analytical procedures in order to detect contaminated batches. However, analyses are expensive and due to current economic ...
Indinnimeo Luciana - - 2013
In Italy, rigorous studies obtained with specific and validated questionnaires that explore the impact of exclusion diets on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children with food allergies are lacking. In this cross-sectional study, we wished to validate the Italian version of a disease-specific quality of life questionnaire, and assess ...
Blanchet Rosanne R 1 Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, - - 2013
To assess dietary fatty acid intakes and to examine the relationship between dietary sources of n-3 and n-6 PUFA and red-blood-cell (RBC) n-3 and n-6 PUFA composition. A cross-sectional study. Dietary intakes were assessed with a 24 h dietary recall. A second recall was performed for 44 % of the ...
Sraïri Mohamed Taher - - 2013
The Maghreb countries (Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia) have experienced since the early 1950s a rapid demographic growth coupled to a significant rhythm of urbanization. This has led to a marked increase in the demand of dairy products. In order to secure the supply, specific policies have been implemented. They mainly ...
Khoi Nguyen Viet - - 2013
In the past few years, dairy industry has become one of the fastest growing sectors in the packaged food industry of Vietnam. However, the value-added creation among different activities in the value chain of Vietnam dairy sector is distributed unequally. In the production activities, the dairy farmers gain low value-added ...
Green Brown Laura - - 2013
This study was conducted by the Environmental Health Specialists Network (EHS-Net) of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The purpose was to examine restaurant chicken preparation and cooking practices and kitchen managers' food safety knowledge concerning chicken. EHS-Net members interviewed managers about chicken preparation practices in 448 restaurants. The ...
Cunningham-Sabo Leslie - - 2013
Abstract Background: Cooking with Kids (CWK), an experiential school-based food education program, has demonstrated modest influence on fruit and vegetable preference, food and cooking attitudes (AT), and self-efficacy (SE) among fourth-grade, mostly low-income Hispanic students in a quasiexperimental study with an inconsistent baseline. Effect was notably strong for boys and ...
Yang Renjie R State Key Laboratory of Precision Measuring Technology and Instruments, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, - - 2013
A new method for discrimination analysis of adulterated milk and pure milk is proposed by combining two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2D-COS) with kernel orthogonal projection to latent structure (K-OPLS). Three adulteration types of milk with urea, melamine, and glucose were prepared, respectively. The synchronous 2D spectra of adulterated milk and pure ...
Jayasinghe M A MA Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Sri Lanka. - - 2013
Compare glycaemic response of foods prepared with finger millet flour, using traditional stone grinding and industrial milling. Crossover study. Healthy volunteers (n=11) consisting of five males and six females), aged between 20 and 30 years, with a body mass index of 18.5-23.5 Kgm-2. Blood glucose concentration was measured at fasting ...
Senanayake M P MP Department of Paediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo. Sri Lanka. - - 2013
We performed a laboratory analysis of spices sold in Sri Lanka for lead content. Samples of curry powder, chilli powder and turmeric powder from seven provinces, collected using the market basket survey method, underwent atomic absorption spectrometry. Blanks and standards were utilised for instrument calibration and measurement accuracy. The results ...
Kelleher M M MM Department of Paediatrics & Child Health, University College Cork, Cork, - - 2013
Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening emergency. If promptly administered, adrenaline is potentially life-saving. Many food-allergic-children/carers are unsure when to use their adrenaline autoinjectors, contributing to a low quality of life and worse outcomes in the setting of an acute allergic reaction. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness ...
Kim Tae Rang TR Department of Food and Drug, Seoul Metropolitan Government Research Institute of Public Health and Environment, Seoul 138-701, - - 2013
In this study, the quick HPLC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous separation of 2-acetyl-4(5)-tetrahydrox-ybuthylimidazole (THI) and 4-(5)-methylimidazole (4-MI) in alkaline medium was used for caramel color and processed foods in Korea. After a simple sample pretreatment, 51 4-MI-labeled samples were positive for 4-MI and 2 also contained THI. The concentration of ...
Viwatwongkasem Chukiat - - 2013
The study aims to investigate the use of a complete denture in terms of not chewing food and determining the strength of association between not chewing food and several potential risk factors among the Thai elderly. Under the support of the "Khao Aroi" or "Delicious Rice" or "Dental Implant" Project ...
Komatsu Tiemy Rosana TR Department of Preventive Medicine, Paulista Medicine School, Sao Paulo, SP, - - 2013
A validity test of a Food Frequency Questionnaire was carried out using 50 students of health occupation in São Paulo, Brazil. Therefore, a three day dietary record was used as reference method and variables such as energy, macronutrients and dietary fiber were analyzed. The accordance between the Food Frequency Questionnaire ...
Kim Jungyun J Department of Food & Nutrition, Seojeong College, Yangju 482-777, - - 2013
A food allergy is an adverse health effect arising from a specific immune response that occurs reproducibly upon exposure to a given food. In those with food allergies that are thought to cause aggravation of eczema, food avoidance is important. The objective of this study was to research the nutritional ...
Musara Colin C Department of Preclinical Veterinary Studies, University of Zimbabwe, P.O. Box MP 167, Mount Pleasant, Harare, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate osmometry as a tool in quality analysis of milk. The osmolality of raw milk, sterilized milk, skimmed UHT (ultra-high temperature-treated) milk, pasteurized milk, standardized UHT milk and fermented milk (Lactococcus lactis culture) was determined by freezing point osmometry. The relationship between osmolality ...
Firdous Shamma S a Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research Laboratories Complex , Lahore , - - 2014
A survey was conducted to evaluate aflatoxin contamination of commonly used food in Lahore, Pakistan. In this context, 1125 samples of various food commodities were collected from various areas of Lahore city. In corn-based products AFB1 was detected in 52% (range 2.0-1405.3 µg kg(-1)) and AFB2 in 25% (range 1.0-55.2 µg kg(-1)) ...
Reškováv Z - - 2013
A total of 256 isolates of Staphylococcus aureus were isolated from 98 samples (34 swabs and 64 food samples) obtained from small or medium meat- and cheese-processing plants in Slovakia. The strains were genotypically characterized by variable number of tandem repeats analysis (MLVA), involving multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with ...
Bracke Nathalie - - 2013
Identification of unwanted microbial contaminants microscopically observed in food products is challenging due to their low abundance in a complex matrix, quite often containing other microorganisms. Therefore, a selective identification method was developed using laser capture microdissection in combination with direct-captured cell PCR. This procedure was validated with Geobacillus stearothermophilus ...
Gatti Monica - - 2013
The robustness of the starter culture during cheese fermentation is enhanced by the presence of a rich consortium of microbes. Natural starters are consortia of microbes undoubtedly richer than selected starters. Among natural starters, natural whey starters (NWS) are the most common cultures currently used to produce different varieties of ...
Wong Waiky W K - - 2013
Dioxins and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are persistent organic pollutants (POPs) covered by the Stockholm Convention on POPs. To assess the associated health risk of the Hong Kong population, the dietary exposure of the Hong Kong population and various age-gender subgroups to dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs was estimated in the ...
Cengiz Ozalp V - - 2013
The presence of pathogenic bacteria is a major health risk factor in food samples and commercial food supply chain is susceptible to bacterial contamination. Thus, rapid and sensitive identification methods are in demand for food industry. Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) is one of the reliable specific methods with reasonably ...
Wansink Brian B Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, - - 2013
What happens if a fast-food restaurant chain lowers the calories in a children's meal bundle (CMB), mainly by reducing the portion size of French fries? This study examines how such changes may influence within-meal selections. Specifically, do lower-calorie changes lead to within-meal calorie compensation? Item-level anonymous transaction data were collected ...
Abdelmassih Marleen - - 2013
Food microbiology proficiency testing (PT) is a useful tool to assess the analytical performances among laboratories. PT items should be close to routine samples to accurately evaluate the acceptability of the methods. However, most PT providers distribute exclusively artificial samples such as reference materials or irradiated foods. This raises the ...
Costa Giselle Nobre - - 2013
Lactobacillus plantarum has been used in human clinical trials to promote beneficial effects in the immune system, to alleviate intestinal disorders, to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Besides it is involved in many fermentation processes in the food industry. However, information on the fate of ingested L. plantarum is ...
Chen Huaiqiong - - 2013
Essential oils components (EOCs) have limited water solubility and are used at much higher concentrations in complex food matrices than in growth media to inhibit pathogens. However, the correlation between solubility and activity has not been studied. The objective of this work was to characterize the solubility of EOCs in ...
Cramer Luise - - 2013
Contamination of food and feed with pyrrolizidine alkaloids is currently discussed as a potential health risk. Here, we report the development of a new HPLC-ESI-MS/MS sum parameter method to quantitate the pyrrolizidine alkaloid content in complex food matrices. The procedure was validated for honey and culinary herbs. Isotopically labeled 7-O-9-O-dibutyroyl-[9,9-(2)H2]-retronecine ...
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