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Fallaize Rosalind R http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3734-6489 Hugh Sinclair Unit of Human Nutrition and Institute for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research, Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Reading, Reading, United - - 2014
Advances in nutritional assessment are continuing to embrace developments in computer technology. The online Food4Me food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was created as an electronic system for the collection of nutrient intake data. To ensure its accuracy in assessing both nutrient and food group intake, further validation against data obtained using ...
Chen Celia Y CY Dartmouth College, Department of Biological Sciences, Hanover, New Hampshire, United States of - - 2014
Methylmercury (MeHg) is a contaminant of global concern that bioaccumulates and bioamagnifies in marine food webs. Lower trophic level fauna are important conduits of MeHg from sediment and water to estuarine and coastal fish harvested for human consumption. However, the sources and pathways of MeHg to these coastal fisheries are ...
Mulligan Angela A AA European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Strangeways Research Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2014
To describe the research methods for the development of a new open source, cross-platform tool which processes data from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition Norfolk Food Frequency Questionnaire (EPIC-Norfolk FFQ). A further aim was to compare nutrient and food group values derived from the current tool (FETA, ...
Balińska-Miśkiewicz Wanda W I Katedra Pediatrii, Klinika Alergologii i Kardiologii Uniwersytetu Medycznego we - - 2014
Component - resolved diagnostics (CRD) is the research method that allows to determine the concentrations of specific immunoglobulin E against a particular allergenic components. The paper discusses the importance of CRD in the food allergy diagnosis to common animal and vegetable allergens. The capabilities of the method and its limitations ...
Bianco Antonino A Sport and Exercises Research Unit, University of Palermo, Via Eleonora Duse, 2-90146 Palermo, - - 2014
It is anecdotally recognized that commercial gym users assume supplements in order to improve performance or health. However, dietary behaviours of people and athletes attending commercial gyms have been poorly studied. The exact amount and frequency of dietary supplements consumption are still needed to be investigated. The main purpose of ...
Lee Soon-Kyu SK Dietary Life Safety Division, Food Nutrition and Dietary Safety Bureau, Ministry of Food and Drug safety, Osong Health Technology Administration Complex, #187, Osongsaengmyeong 2(i)-ro, Osong-eup, Cheongwon-gun, Chungcheongbuk-do, 363-951, Korea. - - 2014
The increasing rate of child obesity has developed into a serious concern in contemporary society. In Korea, additional concerns over unsanitary environments of food establishments near schools led to the enforcement in 2009 of the Special Act on the Safety Management of Children's Dietary Life in order to improve food ...
Brasil Luciana L Post-Graduate Program in Food Science and Technology, Technology Centre, Federal University of Paraiba (UFPB), João Pessoa CEP 58051-900, PB, Brazil. - - 2014
Goat "sarapatel" is a product made from blood and viscera. For the first time, the microbiological and nutritional quality of "sarapatel" samples (n = 48) sold under different conditions (in street markets, butcher shops, and supermarkets under refrigeration, frozen or at room temperature) was evaluated. Goat "sarapatel" is a nutritive ...
Itoh Nobuyasu N National Metrology Institute of Japan (NMIJ), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology - - 2014
We examined the reliability of a certified reference material (CRM) for urea (NMIJ CRM 6006-a) as a calibrant for N, C, and H in elemental analyzers. Only the N content for this CRM is provided as an indicative value. To estimate the C and H contents of the urea CRM, ...
Katzka David A DA Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn., - - 2014
The description of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) from a clinical, endoscopic, histologic and mechanistic perspective has emerged at a rapid pace. Nevertheless, there are many key areas of diagnosis which remain problematic. The first area is trying to identify a gold standard for EoE, particularly in its differentiation from gastroesophageal reflux ...
Ofori Jack A - - 2014
Blood has traditionally been used as a high protein ingredient in both human food and animal feed, with resulting economic, environmental and nutritional benefits. However, potentially serious health and safety issues related to blood consumption, particularly the risk of pathogenic or harmful metabolic materials, the infectivity of prion diseases, and ...
Stevenson Jeffrey S - - 2014
Reproductive technologies drive the efficiency of managing dairy cows because the lactation cycle of the dairy cow depends on regular calving to renew lactation yields. Achieving timely pregnancies to allow calving every 12-14 months, therefore, is critical in modern dairy production. To meet the demands to produce sufficient milk for ...
Aalipour Fathollah - - 2014
The public health concerns over the long-term exposure to antibiotics have risen in different parts of the world. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antibiotic consumption pattern in livestock and poultry and to estimate the quantity of antibiotic active ingredient (mg) consumed per unit weight (Kg) of ...
Nagla Chaves Trindade Samara S Department of Nutrition. Federal University of Jequitinhonha and Mucuri Valleys (UFVJM). Diamantina. Minas Gerais. Brazil.. - - 2014
Introduction: Food safety is a critical issue in school food program. Objective: This study was conducted to assess the bacteriological quality and food safety practices of a municipal school food program (MSFP) in Jequitinhonha Valley, Brazil. Materials and methods: A checklist based on good manufacturing practices (GMP) for food service ...
Heine Ralf G RG Department of Allergy and Immunology, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, - - 2014
Due to the recent exponential increase in food allergies and atopic disorders, effective allergy prevention has become a public health priority in many developed regions. Important preventive strategies include the promotion of breastfeeding and vaginal deliveries, judicious use of perinatal antibiotics, as well as the avoidance of maternal tobacco smoking. ...
Fruh Sharon M - - 2014
Obesity rates are high in all age groups. Individuals are often unaware of the calorie counts of food and the number of calories that they need each day to maintain their weight. Health care providers must promote calorie awareness in terms that are easy for patients to understand and implement. ...
Schoepfer Alain A Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois/CHUV, Lausanne, - - 2014
The activity of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) can be assessed with patient-reported outcomes and biologic measures. Patient-reported outcomes include symptoms and quality of life, whereas biologic measures refer to endoscopic, histologic, and biochemical activity (e.g. blood biomarkers). So far, a validated tool to assess EoE activity in the above-mentioned dimensions is ...
Robinson Trisha J - - 2014
Raw milk has frequently been identified as the source of foodborne illness outbreaks; however, the number of illnesses ascertained as part of documented outbreaks likely represents a small proportion of the actual number of illnesses associated with this food product. Analysis of routine surveillance data involving illnesses caused by enteric ...
Santos D M DM D.M. Santos, Rio de Janeiro State University, Social Nutrition, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, Pavilhão João Lyra Filho, 12º andar, Bloco D, Rio de Janeiro 20559-900, Brazil, - - 2014
Objective: To analyze the simultaneous effects of sociodemographic variables and time on each food group contribution to total Portuguese elderly household food availability. Design: Four cross sectional Portuguese Household Budget Surveys were used. A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), using a general linear model (GLM), was applied to analyze the ...
Payab Moloud M Obesity and Eating Habits Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Molecular -Cellular Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
As a major public health problem, food insecurity has adverse social and psychological effects, in addition to the impact on public health. This study aimed to determine the association of household food security and depression in mothers with primary school children in Ray County. This descriptive, analytical cross-sectional study was ...
Zhou Bei B Department of Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Health Biosciences, the University of Tokushima Graduate - - 2014
In general, vegetables are abundantly consumed in a calorie-restricted diet to achieve sufficient satiety through fresh food or various cooking methods. In this study, we examined the effects of different cooking methods on appetite and specific perceptions of the food after consumption; eating approaches were also analyzed by meal duration. ...
Mehra Raj R Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, - - 2014
Oligosaccharides are the third largest component in human milk. This abundance is remarkable because oligosaccharides are not digestible by the newborn, and yet they have been conserved and amplified during evolution. In addition to encouraging the growth of a protective microbiota dominated by bifidobacteria, oligosaccharides have anti-infective activity, preventing pathogens ...
Ostadrahimi Alireza A Nutritional Research Center, Faculty of nutrition, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IR - - 2014
Nuts are one of the main consumed snacks worldwide and also have an important role among Iranian's food habits. Natural contamination of nuts with aflatoxin is unavoidable and causes a special challenge for nuts safety and quality. The purpose of this research was to study the aflatoxin contamination in commercially-available ...
Rodríguez-Lázaro David D Instituto Tecnológico Agrario (ITACyL), Junta de Castilla y León, Ctra. Burgos, km119, 47071, Valladolid, Spain, - - 2014
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is an invaluable diagnostic technique in microbiology for rapid and specific detection and confirmation of microbial isolates from food and the environment. PCR is a simple, sensitive, specific, and reproducible assay and can be performed in conventional or in real-time formats. Here, we describe the application ...
Partyka Melissa L ML Western Institute for Food Safety and Security, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, 1089 Veterinary Medicine Drive, Davis, California 95616, - - 2014
Consumption of raw produce commodities has been associated with foodborne outbreaks in the United States. In a recent Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report outlining the incidence of food-related outbreaks from 1998 to 2008, produce of all kinds were implicated in 46% of illnesses and 23% of deaths. Methods ...
Werner Louise Bruun LB Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Dairy products are important in a healthy diet due to their high nutritional value; they are, however, associated with relatively large greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE) per kg product. When discussing the need to reduce the GHGE caused by the food system, it is crucial to consider the nutritional value of ...
Eftekhari Mohammad Hassan - - 2014
Table salt is the most commonly used food additive. Since most of the salt consumed in Iran comes from mines, contamination with heavy metals is a health concern. The commonest salt purification method in Iran is washing with water. But recently, some industries have turned to recrystallization method. The present ...
Selvaggi Maria M Department of DETO-Section of Veterinary Science and Animal Production, University of Bari 'Aldo Moro', 70010, Valenzano, BA, - - 2014
Milk and dairy products are very important in Mediterranean diet because of their health promoting and organoleptic properties. In many developing countries, goat rearing has a key role in livestock production. What makes goats so popular is their ability to provide high quality food under diverse climatic conditions and resilience ...
Brown Andrew W AW Office of Energetics, Nutrition Obesity Research Center, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of - - 2014
Systematically evaluating scientific literature is a time consuming endeavor that requires hours of coding and rating. Here, we describe a method to distribute these tasks across a large group through online crowdsourcing. Using Amazon's Mechanical Turk, crowdsourced workers (microworkers) completed four groups of tasks to evaluate the question, "Do nutrition-obesity ...
Feás Xesús X Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Santiago de Compostela, E-27080 Lugo, Spain. - - 2014
The present study aimed to determine the effectiveness of propolis in reducing the microbial load in ready-to-eat (RTE) and fresh whole head (FWH) lettuces (Lactuca sativa L.) type Batavia. Two sanitizing solutions were employed: sodium hypochlorite (SH) and propolis (PS), during 15 and 30 min. Tap water (TW) was used ...
Sauvé Caroline C CC Département de Biologie, Université Laval, Québec, Québec, Canada ; Québec-Océan, Québec, Québec, - - 2014
Knowledge of milk transfer from mother to offspring and early solid food ingestions in mammals allows for a greater understanding of the factors affecting transition to nutritional independence and pre-weaning growth and survival. Yet studies monitoring suckling behaviour have often relied on visual observations, which might not accurately represent milk ...
Tasneem Madiha M a Department of Food Technology , PMAS-Arid Agriculture University , Rawalpindi 46300 , - - 2014
The functionality of stabilizers is apparent in many food applications including dairy products. The role of stabilizers like gelatin, pectins, alginates, carboxymethylcellulose, gums, ispghol, sago starch, and chitosan in the development of dairy products of high rheology, like yoghurt, ice cream, and flavored milk, is discussed in this review. Attention ...
Sakurai Gen G National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, 3-1-3 Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8604, - - 2014
Understanding the effects of climate change is vital for food security. Among the most important environmental impacts of climate change is the direct effect of increased atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration ([CO2]) on crop yields, known as the CO2 fertilization effect. Although several statistical studies have estimated past impacts of temperature ...
Sunguya Bruno F BF Department of Community and Global Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2014
We conducted this mixed-method study among 748 children aged 6 months-14 years attending 9 of a total of 32 care and treatment centers in Tanga region, Tanzania. We collected quantitative data using a standard questionnaire and qualitative data through seven focus group discussions (FGDs). HIV-positive children had high magnitudes of ...
Heising Jenneke K - - 2014
This review paper discusses opportunities for intelligent packaging for monitoring directly or indirectly quality attributes of perishable packaged foods. The possible roles of intelligent packaging as a tool in supply chain management are discussed as well as the barriers to implement this kind of technology in commercial applications. Cases on ...
Dyett Patricia P Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago. - - 2014
This study aimed to develop and validate a de novo food frequency questionnaire for self-defined vegans in the United States. Diet histories from pilot samples of vegans and a modified 'Block Method' using seven selected nutrients of concern in vegan diet patterns, were employed to generate the questionnaire food list. ...
Giannetti A A Pediatric Unit, Department of Gynecologic, Obstetric and Pediatric Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
Currently, in the literature there is a lack of definite predictive values parameters to identify patients with the risk to develop anaphylaxis. The controlled oral food challenge remains the gold standard for food allergy diagnosis. We report a case of a girl allergic to cow's milk with low levels of ...
Küpeli Tülay T Chemistry Department, Faculty of Arts and Science, Sakarya University, 54187 Sakarya, - - 2014
Levels of some trace and essential elements, including Al, B, Ba, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Sr, and Zn, were determined in 17 different fish species from Sakarya River, Çark Stream, Sapanca Lake, and Western Black Sea using ICP-OES after microwave (MW) digestion procedure. During preparation of samples for analysis, ...
Oberst Sebastian S Acoustics & Vibration Unit, School of Engineering and Information Technology, The University of New South Wales, Canberra, - - 2014
Choice tests are a standard method to determine preferences in bio-assays, e.g. for food types and food additives such as bait attractants and toxicants. Choice between food additives can be determined only when the food substrate is sufficiently homogeneous. This is difficult to achieve for wood eating organisms as wood ...
Jo Juandy J 0000-0002-5366-7605 Program of Immunology, Danone Nutricia Early Life Nutrition, Singapore - - 2014
Food allergy is an aberrant immune-mediated reaction against harmless food substances, such as cow's milk proteins. Due to its very early introduction, cow's milk allergy is one of the earliest and most common food allergies. For this reason cow's milk allergy can be recognized as one of the first indications ...
Tahara Shoichi S Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Public - - 2014
A simple and rapid dialysis method was developed for the extraction and purification of four artificial sweeteners, namely, sodium saccharin (Sa), acesulfame potassium (AK), aspartame (APM), and dulcin (Du), which are present in various foods. Conventional dialysis uses a membrane dialysis tube approximately 15 cm in length and is carried ...
Skårdal Madelene M Department of Public Health, Sport and Nutrition, Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences, University of Agder, Kristiansand, - - 2014
Social inequalities in health are a major and even growing problem in all European countries. The aim of the present study was to describe 1) differences in dietary habits among Norwegian adolescents by gender and socioeconomic status; 2) differences in self-reported knowledge of dietary guidelines among their parents according to ...
Silva Elaine Nóbrega Gibson EN Departamento de Análises Bromatológicas Faculdade de Farmácia Universidade Federal da Bahia SalvadorBA - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of bacteriophage P100 on strains of Listeria monocytogenes in artificially inoculated soft cheeses. A mix of L. monocytogenes 1/2a and Scott A was inoculated in Minas Frescal and Coalho cheeses (approximately 10(5) cfu/g) with the bacteriophage added thereafter (8.3 × ...
Husted Margaret M 0000-0003-4573-4609 Psychology Department, FAHS, University of Surrey, Stag Hill, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, - - 2014
Obesity surgery is the most effective treatment method for the severely obese but does not work for everyone. Indications are that weight-loss success may be related to individuals' sense of investment in surgery, with failure linked to higher automatic hedonic motivations to consume food and greater susceptibility to food in ...
Contzen Matthias M Chemisches und Veterinäruntersuchungsamt (CVUA) Stuttgart, Schaflandstr. 3/2, D-70736 Fellbach, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
Bacillus (B.) cytotoxicus is a newly described thermotolerant member of the Bacillus cereus group. This potential foodborne pathogen had so far only been isolated from vegetable products, including mashed potatoes. Here we report the detection of B. cytotoxicus in a variety of potato products taken on retail level or from ...
Dalmasso Marion M Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, - - 2013
Analysis for L. monocytogenes by ISO11290-1 is time-consuming, entailing two enrichment steps and subsequent plating on agar plates, taking five days without isolate confirmation. The aim of this study was to determine if a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay could be used for analysis of the first or second enrichment ...
Hu D D Intensive Care Unit, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, Qingdao, - - 2013
Epidemiological studies evaluating the association of dairy foods with risk of stroke have produced inconsistent results. We conducted a meta-analysis to summarize the evidence from prospective cohort studies regarding the association between dairy foods and risk of stroke. Pertinent studies were identified by searching Embase (1950-November, 2013), Web of Knowledge ...
Nasiraei-Moghadam Shiva Nasiraei-Moghadam SN Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, - - 2014
The goals of the study are evaluation the effects of food deprivation and isolation situation as a social stress on fertility; and in the following, investigation of the improving effect of melatonin as an antioxidant component. In this experimental study, We investigated histopathological and serological effects of melatonin and social ...
Slyper Arnold H - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: This quality improvement program examined self-reported hunger, over-eating, and eating speed in obese and normal-weight children and adolescents prior to an interventional component. Patients and Methods: Food frequency questionnaires were presented to 127 obese and 42 normal-weight patients, and perceived hunger, food intake and eating speed were rated. ...
Yeasmin Lubna L * MDG Foundation, Dhaka, - - 2013
Summary This study aimed to assess whether teaching good cooking practices, food habits and sanitation to ultra-poor rural women in four rural communities of Rangpur district, Bangladesh, with a high density of extremely poor households, would improve the overall health of the community. The sample size was 200 respondents combined ...
Husain Adnan A Food and Nutrition Program, Environmental and Life Sciences Research Center, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, P.O. Box 24885, Safat 13109, Kuwait. Electronic address: - - 2014
A total of 318 local and imported meat, milk, eggs, fish, and animal feed samples collected in Kuwait were analyzed by cell-based reporter gene assay (Dioxin-Responsive Chemical Activated LUciferase gene eXpression DR-CALUX) for PCDD/Fs and dl-PCBs. The bioanalytical equivalents (BEQs) obtained by DR-CALUX bioassay were compared with the official maximum ...
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