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Results 301 - 350 of 1809
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Savio Stephanie - - 2013
Childhood obesity is one of the most pressing public health challenges of the 21st century. Reformulating commonly eaten food products is a key emerging strategy to improve the food supply and help address rising rates of obesity and chronic disease. This study aimed to monitor reformulation of Australian child-oriented food ...
Hu Hui-Chao - - 2013
This study reports on a method for determination of methanol in paper-related materials by headspace gas chromatography (HS-GC). The method is based on the hydrolysis of the pulp or paper matrix, using a phosphoric acid solution (42.5 %) as the medium at 120oC in 5 hours (excluding air contact) in ...
Georgiou Christiana A - - 2014
In recent years, cholesterol oxidation products (COPs) have drawn scientific interest, particularly due to their implications on human health. A big number of these compounds have been demonstrated to be cytotoxic, mutagenic, and carcinogenic. The main source of COPs is through diet, and particularly from the consumption of cholesterol-rich foods. ...
Li Xuan - - 2013
This paper reports an approach to enable rapid concentration and recovery of bacterial cells from aqueous chicken homogenates as a pre-analytical step of detection. This approach includes biochemical pretreatment and prefiltration of food samples and development of an automated cell concentration instrument based on crossflow microfiltration. A polysulfone hollow fiber ...
Schmitz Roma - - 2013
Background: To assess the prevalence of allergic sensitization and to analyze patterns of sensitization to common inhalant and food allergens in a nationwide representative sample of children and adolescents in Germany. Methods: Data were collected from 2003 to 2006 within the KiGGS, the national Health Interview and Examination Survey covering ...
Turner Tami - - 2013
The potential of β-cryptoxanthin (CX)-rich foods to form vitamin A (VA) in humans in not well understood. We measured the effects of consuming CX and β-carotene (BC)-rich foods on plasma and breast milk VA and carotenoids in lactating women with low VA status. Participants were randomly assigned to 4 groups ...
Gemming L - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:The SenseCam is a camera worn on a lanyard around the neck that automatically captures point-of-view images in response to movement, heat and light (every 20-30 s). This device may enhance the accuracy of self-reported dietary intake by assisting participants' recall of food and beverage consumption. It was the objective of ...
Solheim Tora S - - 2013
Background. How to assess cachexia is a barrier both in research and in clinical practice. This study examines the need for assessing both reduced food intake and loss of appetite, to see if these variables can be used interchangeably. A secondary aim is to assess the variance explained by food ...
Merras-Salmio Laura - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the suspicion of cow's-milk allergy in infants with unspecific gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms using the double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge. A prospective cohort study, which recruited 57 consecutive children with gastrointestinally manifested symptoms suspected of cow's-milk allergy. All patients underwent a 5-day double-blind, placebo-controlled ...
Schaafsma Anne - - 2013
Nutrition is a well-known factor in the growth, health and development of children. It is also acknowledged that worldwide many people have dietary imbalances resulting in over- or undernutrition. In 2009, the multinational food company FrieslandCampina initiated the South East Asian Nutrition Survey (SEANUTS), a combination of surveys carried out ...
Silva Neuciani Ferreira da - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the reproducibility and relative validity and calibrate the dietary intake assessment of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) using a random sample of 195 adults aged 20 to 50 years from the Central-West Region of Brazil. The reference method used by the ...
Martinez Marcelle Flores - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess the validity and reproducibility of a food frequency questionnaire to assess intake of the food groups included in the food guide pyramid for adolescents (FFQ-FP). The final version of the FFQ-FP consisted of 50 food items. The study was carried out with ...
Varela-Moreiras Gregorio - - 2013
The Food Consumption Survey, conducted for over 20 years by the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment (MAGRAMA), is the most reliable source of data to evaluate the food consumption and dietary patterns of Spain. The aim of the present article was to review the diet trends in Spain ...
Sánchez-Llaguno S N - - 2013
Introduction: Ecuador is a country with limited nutritional information, with exception of some general studies supported by Food Agriculture Organization (FAO). Aims: To carry out a nutritional assessment of the Ecuadorian diet and determine the percentage of contribution to the intake of different nutrients according to the order of the ...
Fiedler John L - - 2013
The technical and resource demands of the most precise dietary assessment methods, 24-hour recall and observed-weighed food records, have proven impractical for most low- and middle-income countries, leaving nutrition policymakers with a woefully inadequate evidence base and compromising nutrition program effectiveness. To better understand the relative costs of informing food ...
Garcia Maria Hismênia Máximo - - 2013
Introduction We attempted to supplement traditional insecticide spraying by treating peridomiciliar food sources with a powder formulation. Methods Two groups of houses were treated with deltamethrin suspension concentrate (SC), one of which had its primary peridomestic food sources treated with deltamethrin 2P. Results Triatoma brasiliensis was the most commonly captured ...
Koerner Terry B - - 2013
The food allergen analytical community is endeavoring to create harmonized guidelines for the validation of food allergen ELISA methodologies to help protect food-sensitive individuals and promote consumer confidence. This document provides additional guidance to existing method validation publications for quantitative food allergen ELISA methods. The gluten-specific criterion provided in this ...
Lexmaulová Hana - - 2013
A collaborative study in 10 laboratories was performed to validate an ELISA method developed for the quantitative determination of peanut protein in foods. The ELISA kit used for this study is based on rabbit polyclonal antibody. This kit does not produce any false-positive results or cross-reactivity with a broad range ...
Betsy Agatha - - 2013
Total diet study approach was used to assess the dietary intakes of pesticide residues among the select population in Hyderabad. When assessed by a food frequency questionnaire, it was found that the food intakes varied among five socioeconomic sections (SES). Therefore, we intended to compare the intakes of pesticide residues ...
Opet Nathan J - - 2014
The high level of PCR inhibitors present in ground beef is a major factor that affects molecular based techniques, such as the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), for the detection of Salmonella enterica. In this study, the use of β-cyclodextrin and milk protein coated activated carbon (MP-CAC) allowed the PCR to ...
Pettersson Stefan - - 2013
The purpose of the current study was to investigate elite female (n=21) and male (n=47) combat sports athletes' (n=68; mean age (± SD) 21.3 ± 3.8 years; mean height 177 ± 10.2 cm) dietary intake between weigh-in and the first bout in Olympic combat sports. The data were collected at ...
Oole-Groen C J - - 2013
To describe results of double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges (DBPCFC) with cow's milk, hen's egg, soy, peanut and hazelnut in general paediatric practice. Food challenges were performed between January 2006 and June 2011, in children 0-18 years of age, on two half-day hospital admissions with a one-week interval. Tests were performed ...
Al Mamun Mohammad - - 2013
A cross sectional study was conducted to assess the microbiological quality of local food items vended by the school-based street food vendors in Dhaka City. A total of 80 schools from 19 school-zones of Dhaka City and its outskirts were chosen for the study. A total of 110 food samples, ...
Cebeci Fatma - - 2013
Abstract In recent years, ready-to eat breakfast cereals prepared with fruit ingredients have gained particular attention due to their polyphenolic contents and health promoting effects. In this study, the matrix effect of blueberry, oat meal, whole milk or skimmed milk on polyphenols, antioxidative potential as well as their potential bioavailability ...
Jeong Yunsun - - 2013
Data on the residue levels of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in baby food samples are scarce. This is the first study to explore current contamination status and exposure assessment of organochlorines (OCs), including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), in baby food from Korea. In this study, the concentrations ...
Cengiz Mehmet Fatih - - 2013
In this study, acrylamide exposure from selected cereal-based baby food samples was investigated among toddlers aged 1 to 3 years in Turkey. The study contained three steps. The first step was collecting food consumption data and toddlers' physical properties, such as gender, age and body weight, using a questionnaire given ...
Zielinsky Paulo - - 2013
BACKGROUND:We have recently demonstrated reversal of fetal ductal constriction after dietary maternal restriction of polyphenol-rich foods (PRF), due to its inhibitory action on prostaglandin synthesis. To test the hyphotesis that normal third trimester fetuses also improve ductus arteriosus dynamics after maternal restriction of polyphenols. Open clinical trial with 46 fetuses ...
Hochwallner Heidrun - - 2013
The first adverse reactions to cow's milk were already described 2000 years ago. However, it was only 50 years ago that several groups started with the analysis of cow's milk allergens. Meanwhile the spectrum of allergy eliciting proteins within cow's milk is identified and several cow's milk allergens have been ...
Piperata Barbara A - - 2013
This paper explores the expected outcome of maternal nutritional "buffering," namely that children's diets will be more adequate than mothers' diets under conditions of food scarcity. Data on Amazonian mothers and their children, household demography and economics and direct, weighed measures of household food availability and dietary intakes of mother-child ...
Weiser Sheri D - - 2013
Food insecurity is a potentially important barrier to the success of antiretroviral therapy (ART) programs in resource-limited settings. We undertook a longitudinal study in rural Uganda to estimate the associations between food insecurity and HIV treatment outcomes. Longitudinal cohort study. Participants were from the Uganda AIDS Rural Treatment Outcomes study ...
Sarmento Roberta Aguiar - - 2013
To investigate the association between dietary components and development of chronic diabetic complications, the dietary evaluation should include a long period, months or years. The present manuscript aims to develop a quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and a portfolio with food photos to assess the usual intake pattern of Brazilian ...
Just David R - - 2013
Objective: Debit card payment systems are known to induce more frivolous purchases in adults, but their impact on children is unknown. Design and Methods: Using a national survey of 2,314 public school students in the United States, we compare food purchases in schools with debit-only systems to those in schools ...
Williams Rachel A - - 2013
Objective: Foods that enhance satiety can reduce overconsumption, but the availability of large portions of energy-dense foods may counter their benefits. We tested the influence on meal energy intake of varying the energy density and portion size of food consumed after a preload shown to promote satiety. Design and Methods: ...
Mullen K A E - - 2013
The organic dairy industry is growing rapidly across the United States and has recently expanded into the southeastern states. To date, no published comparisons of milk quality exist between organic and conventional dairies in the Southeastern United States. Maintaining high milk quality is challenging in this region due to the ...
Power C - - 2013
Triclabendazole (TCB) is a flukicide used in the treatment of liver fluke in cattle; however, its use is currently prohibited in lactating dairy cows. In this study, following administration of 10% Fasinex (triclabendazole, Novartis Animal Health UK Ltd., Camberley, UK) the milk of 6 animals was used to manufacture dairy ...
Huth Peter J - - 2013
The risk of chronic disease cannot be predicted simply by the content of a single nutrient in a food or food group in the diet. The contribution of food sources of calories, added sugars and saturated fat (SFA) to intakes of dietary fiber and micronutrients of public health importance is ...
Benkeblia Noureddine - - 2013
Because fructooligosaccharides (FOS) and fructans are increasingly important in food and nutrition sciences, separation and analysis tools, in particular with the development of analytical chemistry, are slowly but rationally being developed for their separation and identification in plants, crops, and food products. Several chromatographic and other methods have been described ...
Almiron-Roig Eva - - 2013
Estimating how much is appropriate to consume can be difficult, especially for foods presented in multiple units, those with ambiguous energy content and for snacks. This study tested the hypothesis that the number of units (single vs. multi-unit), meal type and food energy density disrupts accurate estimates of portion size. ...
Pratt Iona - - 2013
Brominated flame retardants - polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs), hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) and others - have been measured in 11 pooled breast milk samples from 109 first-time mothers in Ireland. Additionally, the study has measured levels of polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and furans (PBDD/Fs), mixed halogenated dioxins (PXCC/Fs) and biphenyls (PXBs), ...
Slining Meghan M - - 2013
Despite the historical rise and recent plateau of child overweight and obesity, levels remain exceedingly high. To understand these trends and identify targets for intervention it is important to examine concomitant trends in children's diets. The objective of our analysis was to describe 21-year trends in total energy intake and ...
Schaeffer Julien J IFREMER, Laboratoire de Microbiologie, Nantes, - - 2013
Contaminated shellfish have been implicated in gastroenteritis outbreaks in different countries. As no regulation has been set up yet regarding viral contamination of food, very few data are available on the prevalence of contaminated products on the market. This study presents data obtained from oysters collected on the French market ...
Hood Nancy E - - 2013
Since 2006-2007, education agencies (e.g., school districts) participating in U.S. federal meal programs are required to have wellness policies. To date, this is the only federal policy that addresses foods and beverages sold outside of school meals (in competitive venues). To examine the extent to which federally required components of ...
Smith Julie - - 2013
Objective : This study addresses the issue of whether voluntary industry regulation has altered companies' marketing of breast-milk substitutes in Australia since the adoption of the World Health Organization (WHO) International Code on the Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes 1981. Methods : Print advertisements marketing breast-milk substitutes were systematically sampled from ...
Nahman Anton - - 2013
In a previous paper (Nahman et al., 2012), the authors estimated the costs of household food waste in South Africa, based on the market value of the wasted food (edible portion only), as well as the costs of disposal to landfill. In this paper, we extend the analysis by assessing ...
Hoffman Richard - - 2013
This review outlines the limitations of current techniques for evaluating the Mediterranean diet in Mediterranean versus non-Mediterranean populations. Differences between the two populations with regard to the foods that are available, food processing and preparation techniques, and eating and lifestyle habits may influence the implementation and effects of a Mediterranean ...
Rausch Herscovici Cecile - - 2013
To evaluate the impact of a school-based obesity prevention program that seeks to change food intake among students at schools in Rosario, Argentina. This was a prospective study involving 405 children 9-11 years of age at six schools in the poor areas of Rosario, Argentina, in May-October 2008. After matching ...
Andrade Samantha Caesar de SC Departamento de Nutrição, Faculdade de Saúde Pública, Universidade de São Paulo, São PauloSP, - - 2013
Evaluate validity and reliability of the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index Revised according to the psychometric properties. Cross-sectional study of a random sample of 2,375 individuals of both sexes, aged 12 or older from the city of São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil, drawn from the Health Survey carried out in 2003. Information ...
Souza Rita Adriana Gomes de RA Instituto de Saúde Coletiva, Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso, CuiabáMT, - - 2013
OBJECTIVE To test the efficacy of nutritional guidelines for school lunch cooks aiming to reduce added sugar in school meals and their own sugar intake. METHODS A controlled randomized cluster trial was carried out in twenty public schools in the municipality of Niteroi in Rio de Janeiro, Southeastern Brazil, from ...
de Nijs Monique - - 2013
Phomopsins (PHO) are mycotoxins produced by the fungus Diaporthe toxica (also referred to as Phomopsis leptostromiformis). Lupin is the most important host crop for this fungus and PHO are suspected as cause of lupinosis, a deadly liver disease, in sheep. Lupin is currently in use to replace genetically modified soy ...
Gharst Gregory A - - 2013
This article summarizes the most effective protocols to isolate Campylobacter spp. (mainly C. jejuni and C. coli) from food, primarily poultry products, and includes a summary of the current methods recommended by the Food and Drug Administration and the U. S. Department of Agriculture in the USA, and ISO in ...
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