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Results 301 - 350 of 2024
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Tasneem Madiha M a Department of Food Technology , PMAS-Arid Agriculture University , Rawalpindi 46300 , - - 2014
The functionality of stabilizers is apparent in many food applications including dairy products. The role of stabilizers like gelatin, pectins, alginates, carboxymethylcellulose, gums, ispghol, sago starch, and chitosan in the development of dairy products of high rheology, like yoghurt, ice cream, and flavored milk, is discussed in this review. Attention ...
Heine Ralf G RG Department of Allergy and Immunology, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, - - 2014
Due to the recent exponential increase in food allergies and atopic disorders, effective allergy prevention has become a public health priority in many developed regions. Important preventive strategies include the promotion of breastfeeding and vaginal deliveries, judicious use of perinatal antibiotics, as well as the avoidance of maternal tobacco smoking. ...
Burke Stephen J SJ University of Ottawa, Ottawa, - - 2014
Zimbabwe underwent a socioeconomic crisis and resultant increase in food insecurity in 2008-9. The impact of the crisis on Tuberculosis (TB) incidence is unknown. Prospective databases from two mission hospitals, which were geographically widely separated, and remained open during the crisis, were reviewed. At the Howard Hospital (HH) in northern ...
Robinson Trisha J - - 2014
Raw milk has frequently been identified as the source of foodborne illness outbreaks; however, the number of illnesses ascertained as part of documented outbreaks likely represents a small proportion of the actual number of illnesses associated with this food product. Analysis of routine surveillance data involving illnesses caused by enteric ...
Kim Jin J Department of Food and Nutrition, Kangwon National University, Samcheok 245-711, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to estimate Korean collegians' knowledge of energy content in the standard portion size of foods frequently consumed in Korea and to investigate the differences in knowledge between gender groups. A total of 600 collegians participated in this study. Participants' knowledge was assessed based on ...
Oberst Sebastian S Acoustics & Vibration Unit, School of Engineering and Information Technology, The University of New South Wales, Canberra, - - 2014
Choice tests are a standard method to determine preferences in bio-assays, e.g. for food types and food additives such as bait attractants and toxicants. Choice between food additives can be determined only when the food substrate is sufficiently homogeneous. This is difficult to achieve for wood eating organisms as wood ...
Chen Celia Y CY Dartmouth College, Department of Biological Sciences, Hanover, New Hampshire, United States of - - 2014
Methylmercury (MeHg) is a contaminant of global concern that bioaccumulates and bioamagnifies in marine food webs. Lower trophic level fauna are important conduits of MeHg from sediment and water to estuarine and coastal fish harvested for human consumption. However, the sources and pathways of MeHg to these coastal fisheries are ...
Lee Soon-Kyu SK Dietary Life Safety Division, Food Nutrition and Dietary Safety Bureau, Ministry of Food and Drug safety, Osong Health Technology Administration Complex, #187, Osongsaengmyeong 2(i)-ro, Osong-eup, Cheongwon-gun, Chungcheongbuk-do, 363-951, Korea. - - 2014
The increasing rate of child obesity has developed into a serious concern in contemporary society. In Korea, additional concerns over unsanitary environments of food establishments near schools led to the enforcement in 2009 of the Special Act on the Safety Management of Children's Dietary Life in order to improve food ...
Tahara Shoichi S Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Public - - 2014
A simple and rapid dialysis method was developed for the extraction and purification of four artificial sweeteners, namely, sodium saccharin (Sa), acesulfame potassium (AK), aspartame (APM), and dulcin (Du), which are present in various foods. Conventional dialysis uses a membrane dialysis tube approximately 15 cm in length and is carried ...
Taguchi Hiromu H House Foods Group - - 2014
According to Japanese food allergen labeling regulations, an ELISA screening test is used for detection of crustacean proteins in food and a shrimp/crab-PCR confirmation test is used to confirm a positive ELISA screening test and to exclude false positives. Forty-six kinds of processed foods labeled as containing shrimp/crab were subjected ...
Katzka David A DA Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn., - - 2014
The description of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) from a clinical, endoscopic, histologic and mechanistic perspective has emerged at a rapid pace. Nevertheless, there are many key areas of diagnosis which remain problematic. The first area is trying to identify a gold standard for EoE, particularly in its differentiation from gastroesophageal reflux ...
Schoepfer Alain A Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois/CHUV, Lausanne, - - 2014
The activity of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) can be assessed with patient-reported outcomes and biologic measures. Patient-reported outcomes include symptoms and quality of life, whereas biologic measures refer to endoscopic, histologic, and biochemical activity (e.g. blood biomarkers). So far, a validated tool to assess EoE activity in the above-mentioned dimensions is ...
Englund-Ögge Linda L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, SE-41685 Gothenburg, - - 2014
To examine whether an association exists between maternal dietary patterns and risk of preterm delivery. Prospective cohort study. Norway, between 2002 and 2008. 66 000 pregnant women (singletons, answered food frequency questionnaire, no missing information about parity or previously preterm delivery, pregnancy duration between 22+0 and 41+6 gestational weeks, no ...
Aalipour Fathollah - - 2014
The public health concerns over the long-term exposure to antibiotics have risen in different parts of the world. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antibiotic consumption pattern in livestock and poultry and to estimate the quantity of antibiotic active ingredient (mg) consumed per unit weight (Kg) of ...
Sauvé Caroline C CC Département de Biologie, Université Laval, Québec, Québec, Canada ; Québec-Océan, Québec, Québec, - - 2014
Knowledge of milk transfer from mother to offspring and early solid food ingestions in mammals allows for a greater understanding of the factors affecting transition to nutritional independence and pre-weaning growth and survival. Yet studies monitoring suckling behaviour have often relied on visual observations, which might not accurately represent milk ...
Calvano Cosima Damiana CD Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Bari "Aldo Moro", Via Orabona, 4, 70126, Bari, Italy, - - 2014
MALDI MS has become a technique of considerable impact on many fields, from proteomics to lipidomics, including polymer analysis and, more recently, even low molecular weight analytes due to the introduction of matrix-less ionization techniques (e.g., DIOS) or new matrices such as ionic liquids, proton sponges, and metal nanoparticles. However, ...
Christensen Sara E SE Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2014
The meal- and Web-based food frequency questionnaires, Meal-Q and MiniMeal-Q, were developed for cost-efficient assessment of dietary intake in epidemiological studies. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relative validity of micronutrient and fiber intake assessed with Meal-Q and MiniMeal-Q. The reproducibility of Meal-Q was also evaluated. A ...
Giannetti A A Pediatric Unit, Department of Gynecologic, Obstetric and Pediatric Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
Currently, in the literature there is a lack of definite predictive values parameters to identify patients with the risk to develop anaphylaxis. The controlled oral food challenge remains the gold standard for food allergy diagnosis. We report a case of a girl allergic to cow's milk with low levels of ...
Zhou Bei B Department of Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Health Biosciences, the University of Tokushima Graduate - - 2014
In general, vegetables are abundantly consumed in a calorie-restricted diet to achieve sufficient satiety through fresh food or various cooking methods. In this study, we examined the effects of different cooking methods on appetite and specific perceptions of the food after consumption; eating approaches were also analyzed by meal duration. ...
Mulligan Angela A AA European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Strangeways Research Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2014
To describe the research methods for the development of a new open source, cross-platform tool which processes data from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition Norfolk Food Frequency Questionnaire (EPIC-Norfolk FFQ). A further aim was to compare nutrient and food group values derived from the current tool (FETA, ...
Itoh Nobuyasu N National Metrology Institute of Japan (NMIJ), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology - - 2014
We examined the reliability of a certified reference material (CRM) for urea (NMIJ CRM 6006-a) as a calibrant for N, C, and H in elemental analyzers. Only the N content for this CRM is provided as an indicative value. To estimate the C and H contents of the urea CRM, ...
Yazdanpanah Hassan H School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. ; Food and Drug Organization, Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, - - 2014
The occurrence of deoxynivalenol (DON) in retail foods in Tehran (Iran) was determined using high-performance liquid chromatography technique and immunoaffinity column as the clean-up step. A method was validated for analysis of DON in rice, bread, puffed corn snack and wheat flour. The average recoveries and precision (RSD) for DON ...
Sadeghi Naficeh N Department of Drug and Food Control, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. ; Water Safety Research Center, Food and Drug Organization, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, - - 2014
Apart from the breast milk, infant formula and baby weaning food have a special role in infant diet. Infants and young children are very susceptible to amount of trace elements. Copper and zinc are two elements that add in infant food. Lead and cadmium are heavy metals that enter to ...
Küpeli Tülay T Chemistry Department, Faculty of Arts and Science, Sakarya University, 54187 Sakarya, - - 2014
Levels of some trace and essential elements, including Al, B, Ba, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Sr, and Zn, were determined in 17 different fish species from Sakarya River, Çark Stream, Sapanca Lake, and Western Black Sea using ICP-OES after microwave (MW) digestion procedure. During preparation of samples for analysis, ...
Magalhães Rui R CBQF-Centro de Biotecnologia e Química Fina-Laboratório Associado, Escola Superior de Biotecnologia, Universidade Católica Portuguesa/Porto, Rua Dr. António Bernardino Almeida, Porto, 4200-072, - - 2014
Conventional methods for the detection of Listeria monocytogenes in foods and environmental samples relies on selective pre-enrichment, enrichment, and plating. This is followed by confirmation of suspected colonies by testing a limited number of biochemical markers.
Rodríguez-Lázaro David D Instituto Tecnológico Agrario (ITACyL), Junta de Castilla y León, Ctra. Burgos, km119, 47071, Valladolid, Spain, - - 2014
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is an invaluable diagnostic technique in microbiology for rapid and specific detection and confirmation of microbial isolates from food and the environment. PCR is a simple, sensitive, specific, and reproducible assay and can be performed in conventional or in real-time formats. Here, we describe the application ...
Mehra Raj R Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, - - 2014
Oligosaccharides are the third largest component in human milk. This abundance is remarkable because oligosaccharides are not digestible by the newborn, and yet they have been conserved and amplified during evolution. In addition to encouraging the growth of a protective microbiota dominated by bifidobacteria, oligosaccharides have anti-infective activity, preventing pathogens ...
Sakurai Gen G National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, 3-1-3 Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8604, - - 2014
Understanding the effects of climate change is vital for food security. Among the most important environmental impacts of climate change is the direct effect of increased atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration ([CO2]) on crop yields, known as the CO2 fertilization effect. Although several statistical studies have estimated past impacts of temperature ...
Sunguya Bruno F BF Department of Community and Global Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2014
We conducted this mixed-method study among 748 children aged 6 months-14 years attending 9 of a total of 32 care and treatment centers in Tanga region, Tanzania. We collected quantitative data using a standard questionnaire and qualitative data through seven focus group discussions (FGDs). HIV-positive children had high magnitudes of ...
Shakur Yaseer A - - 2014
Despite mandatory fortification of milk and margarine, most Canadians have inadequate vitamin D intake and consequently poor vitamin D status, especially in the winter. Increasing vitamin D fortification is one possible strategy to address this inadequacy. The purpose of our study was to examine the modelled effect of increased vitamin ...
Santos D M DM D.M. Santos, Rio de Janeiro State University, Social Nutrition, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, Pavilhão João Lyra Filho, 12º andar, Bloco D, Rio de Janeiro 20559-900, Brazil, - - 2014
Objective: To analyze the simultaneous effects of sociodemographic variables and time on each food group contribution to total Portuguese elderly household food availability. Design: Four cross sectional Portuguese Household Budget Surveys were used. A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), using a general linear model (GLM), was applied to analyze the ...
Balińska-Miśkiewicz Wanda W I Katedra Pediatrii, Klinika Alergologii i Kardiologii Uniwersytetu Medycznego we - - 2014
Component - resolved diagnostics (CRD) is the research method that allows to determine the concentrations of specific immunoglobulin E against a particular allergenic components. The paper discusses the importance of CRD in the food allergy diagnosis to common animal and vegetable allergens. The capabilities of the method and its limitations ...
Sato Sakura S Clinical Research Center for Allergy and Rheumatology, Sagamihara National Hospital, Sagamihara, - - 2014
Oral immunotherapy (OIT) is a significant focus of treatment of food allergy. OIT appears to be effective in inducing desensitization, however, patients receiving OIT frequently developmild/moderate symptoms during the therapy. It has not been clearly established whether the clinical tolerance induced by OIT resembles natural tolerance. According to our data, ...
Silva Elaine Nóbrega Gibson EN Departamento de Análises Bromatológicas Faculdade de Farmácia Universidade Federal da Bahia SalvadorBA - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of bacteriophage P100 on strains of Listeria monocytogenes in artificially inoculated soft cheeses. A mix of L. monocytogenes 1/2a and Scott A was inoculated in Minas Frescal and Coalho cheeses (approximately 10(5) cfu/g) with the bacteriophage added thereafter (8.3 × ...
Ohshima Chihiro C Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Marine Science, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, Minato, Tokyo, - - 2014
Listeria monocytogenes is the causative bacteria of listeriosis, which has a higher mortality rate than that of other causes of food poisoning. Listeria spp., of which L. monocytogenes is a member, have been isolated from food and manufacturing environments. Several methods have been published for identifying Listeria spp.; however, many ...
Payab Moloud M Obesity and Eating Habits Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Molecular -Cellular Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
As a major public health problem, food insecurity has adverse social and psychological effects, in addition to the impact on public health. This study aimed to determine the association of household food security and depression in mothers with primary school children in Ray County. This descriptive, analytical cross-sectional study was ...
Werner Louise Bruun LB Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Dairy products are important in a healthy diet due to their high nutritional value; they are, however, associated with relatively large greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE) per kg product. When discussing the need to reduce the GHGE caused by the food system, it is crucial to consider the nutritional value of ...
Forster Hannah H UCD Institute of Food and Health, University College Dublin, Dublin, - - 2014
Dietary assessment methods are important tools for nutrition research. Online dietary assessment tools have the potential to become invaluable methods of assessing dietary intake because, compared with traditional methods, they have many advantages including the automatic storage of input data and the immediate generation of nutritional outputs. The aim of ...
Khor Yih Phing YP Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. - - 2014
Food manufacturers are interested in developing emulsion-based products into nutritional foods by using beneficial oils, such as fish oil and virgin coconut oil (VCO). In this study, the physicochemical properties of a VCO oil-in-water emulsion was investigated and compared to other commercial oil-in-water emulsion products (C1, C2, C3, and C4). ...
Bianco Antonino A Sport and Exercises Research Unit, University of Palermo, Via Eleonora Duse, 2-90146 Palermo, - - 2014
It is anecdotally recognized that commercial gym users assume supplements in order to improve performance or health. However, dietary behaviours of people and athletes attending commercial gyms have been poorly studied. The exact amount and frequency of dietary supplements consumption are still needed to be investigated. The main purpose of ...
Husted Margaret M 0000-0003-4573-4609 Psychology Department, FAHS, University of Surrey, Stag Hill, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, - - 2014
Obesity surgery is the most effective treatment method for the severely obese but does not work for everyone. Indications are that weight-loss success may be related to individuals' sense of investment in surgery, with failure linked to higher automatic hedonic motivations to consume food and greater susceptibility to food in ...
Salinas Jennifer J JJ University of Texas School of Public Health, Epidemiology, Human Genetics and Environmental Sciences (EHGES), Brownsville Regional Campus, UTB Campus- RAHC Building, 80 Fort Brown, Brownsville, TX 78520, USA. - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the food landscape of Texas using the CDC's Modified Retail Food Environment (mRFEI) and to make comparisons by border/non-border. Methods: The Modified Retail Food Environment index (mRFEI (2008)) is an index developed by the CDC that measures what percent of the ...
Jo Juandy J 0000-0002-5366-7605 Program of Immunology, Danone Nutricia Early Life Nutrition, Singapore - - 2014
Food allergy is an aberrant immune-mediated reaction against harmless food substances, such as cow's milk proteins. Due to its very early introduction, cow's milk allergy is one of the earliest and most common food allergies. For this reason cow's milk allergy can be recognized as one of the first indications ...
Dyett Patricia P Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago. - - 2014
This study aimed to develop and validate a de novo food frequency questionnaire for self-defined vegans in the United States. Diet histories from pilot samples of vegans and a modified 'Block Method' using seven selected nutrients of concern in vegan diet patterns, were employed to generate the questionnaire food list. ...
Feás Xesús X Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Santiago de Compostela, E-27080 Lugo, Spain. - - 2014
The present study aimed to determine the effectiveness of propolis in reducing the microbial load in ready-to-eat (RTE) and fresh whole head (FWH) lettuces (Lactuca sativa L.) type Batavia. Two sanitizing solutions were employed: sodium hypochlorite (SH) and propolis (PS), during 15 and 30 min. Tap water (TW) was used ...
Brown Andrew W AW Office of Energetics, Nutrition Obesity Research Center, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of - - 2014
Systematically evaluating scientific literature is a time consuming endeavor that requires hours of coding and rating. Here, we describe a method to distribute these tasks across a large group through online crowdsourcing. Using Amazon's Mechanical Turk, crowdsourced workers (microworkers) completed four groups of tasks to evaluate the question, "Do nutrition-obesity ...
Stea Tonje H TH Department of Public Health, Sport and Nutrition, University of Agder, Kristiansand, - - 2014
To validate energy intake (EI) estimated from a pre-coded food diary (PFD) against energy expenditure (EE) measured with a valid physical activity monitor (SenseWear Pro3 Armband) and to evaluate whether misreporting was associated with overweight/obesity in a group of elderly men. Forty-seven healthy Norwegian men, 60-80 years old, completed the ...
Contzen Matthias M Chemisches und Veterinäruntersuchungsamt (CVUA) Stuttgart, Schaflandstr. 3/2, D-70736 Fellbach, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
Bacillus (B.) cytotoxicus is a newly described thermotolerant member of the Bacillus cereus group. This potential foodborne pathogen had so far only been isolated from vegetable products, including mashed potatoes. Here we report the detection of B. cytotoxicus in a variety of potato products taken on retail level or from ...
Dalmasso Marion M Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, - - 2013
Analysis for L. monocytogenes by ISO11290-1 is time-consuming, entailing two enrichment steps and subsequent plating on agar plates, taking five days without isolate confirmation. The aim of this study was to determine if a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay could be used for analysis of the first or second enrichment ...
Hu D D Intensive Care Unit, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, Qingdao, - - 2013
Epidemiological studies evaluating the association of dairy foods with risk of stroke have produced inconsistent results. We conducted a meta-analysis to summarize the evidence from prospective cohort studies regarding the association between dairy foods and risk of stroke. Pertinent studies were identified by searching Embase (1950-November, 2013), Web of Knowledge ...
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