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Results 301 - 350 of 2082
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Piombino Paola P Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Portici, - - 2014
Recent evidence suggests that a lower extent of the retronasal aroma release correspond to a higher amount of ad libitum food intake. This has been regarded as one of the bases of behavioral choices towards food consumption in obese people. In this pilot study we investigated the hypothesis that saliva ...
Appelhans Bradley M BM Departments of Preventive Medicine and Behavioral Sciences, Rush University Medical Center, 1700 W. Van Buren St., Suite 470, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Frequent family meals and home food preparation are considered important for children's nutritional health and weight maintenance. This cross-sectional study tested whether these parent-driven behaviors are related to the availability of food preparation supplies in low-income urban households. Caregivers of children ages 6 to 13 provided information on family meal ...
Calligaris L - - 2014
Food allergy is the primary cause of anaphylaxis in paediatric age affecting roughly 4% of children and their families worldwide, and requiring changes in dietary habits. The prognosis for food allergy in children has traditionally been regarded as good for the most frequent allergens, however the prognosis for cow's milk ...
Minniti Federica - - 2014
Breast milk and colostrum are the first feeding sources for a child, providing nutrients, growth factors and immunological components, which are crucial for the newborn's correct development and health. Length of exclusive breastfeeding and time of solid foods introduction is a key factor that may influence allergy development. There is ...
Host Arne - - 2014
Since the 1930's the scientific literature on cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) has accumulated. Over the last decade new diagnostic tools and treatment approaches have been developed. The diagnosis of reproducible adverse reactions to cow's milk proteins (CMP), i.e. CMPA, still has to be confirmed by controlled elimination and challenge ...
Tsabouri Sophia - - 2014
In this review, clinical and epidemiological aspects of milk allergy along with current data on the structure and function of the main cow's milk allergens, are presented. Milk allergy is the most frequent food allergy in childhood. One of the reasons why allergy to cow's milk shows its highest prevalence ...
Hargreaves Margaret K MK Department of Internal Medicine, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of - - 2014
Biomarkers of selenium are necessary for assessing selenium status in humans, since soil variation hinders estimation of selenium intake from foods. In this study, we measured the concentration of plasma selenium, selenoprotein P (SEPP1), and glutathione peroxidase (GPX3) activity and their interindividual differences in 383 low-income blacks and whites selected ...
Guallar-Castillón Pilar P Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid/IdiPAZ, Madrid, Spain ; CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), Madrid, - - 2014
To assess the validity and reproducibility of food and nutrient intake estimated with the electronic diet history of ENRICA (DH-E), which collects information on numerous aspects of the Spanish diet. The validity of food and nutrient intake was estimated using Pearson correlation coefficients between the DH-E and the mean of ...
Delibato Elisabetta E Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Istituto Superiore di Sanità Viale Regina Elena, 299 00161 Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The classical microbiological method for detection of Salmonella spp. requires more than five days for final confirmation, and consequently there is a need for an alternative methodology for detection of this pathogen particularly in those food categories with a short shelf-life. This study presents an international (at European level) ISO ...
Benini Omar - - 2014
Phosphorus is an important natural nutrient, but high dietary phosphorus intake, including that sourced from added preservatives, is of great concern in renal patients. In this context a reliable analytical method able to quantify differential phosphorous in food could be a valuable tool for the monitoring of the diet composition ...
Lim Ho-Soo HS a Food Additives and Packages Division , Ministry of Food and Drug Safety , Osong-eup , Chungcheongbuk-do , - - 2014
Sulfites in foods were analysed using four methods: optimised Monier-Williams (official method), modified Rankine, HPLC and ion-exchange chromatography (IEC). The modified Rankine and HPLC methods were performed according to the previously reported methods but with some modifications. The IEC method was carried out through a combination of a modified Rankine ...
Satoh Michihiro M Department of Planning for Drug Development and Clinical Evaluation , - - 2014
Abstract Background: An electronic system for salt intake assessment using a 24-h dietary recall method has been developed in Japan. We evaluated the validity of this salt intake system for assessing salt intake. Methods: We prospectively obtained data on estimated salt intake using 24-hour urinary sodium excretion (24-hUNaCl) and salt ...
Tang Jun J Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Physical-chemistry Room No. 401, Bin-Sheng Road No. 3399, Binjiang District, Hangzhou, 310051, - - 2014
Considering the environmental pollution, food safety is of great concern to the consumers. The present study was conducted to assess the health risk of cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), and lead (Pb) through the dietary intake in Zhejiang, China. Eight hundred and sixty two food samples including aquatic products, meat, vegetables, ...
Niro Serena S Dipartimento Agricoltura, Ambiente e Alimenti (DiAAA), Università degli Studi del Molise, Via de Sanctis, 86100 Campobasso, - - 2014
This study assessed and compared the physicochemical, microbiological, and sensorial characteristics of Caciocavallo cheeses, made from cow milk and a mixture of cow with ewe or goat milk, during ripening. Different cheese-making trials were carried out on an industrial scale following the standard procedure of pasta filata cheeses, with some ...
Wolf W Asher WA Center for Esophageal Diseases and Swallowing, and Center for Gastrointestinal Biology and Disease, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Chapel Hill, - - 2014
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an immune-mediated disorder. Food elimination is an established treatment for children, but data in adults are limited. We aimed to determine the response of adults with EoE to dietary therapy. This was a retrospective cohort study using the University of North Carolina EoE database from 2006-2012. ...
Jakubowska Natalia N a European Commission, Directorate General Joint Research Centre, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection , Chemical Assessment and Testing Unit , 21027 Ispra (VA) , - - 2014
This paper presents the outcome of the development, optimisation and validation at EU level of an analytical method for using poly(2,6-diphenyl phenylene oxide, abbreviated PPPO here) which is stipulated in Regulation (EU) No 10/2011 as food simulant E for testing specific migration from plastics into dry foodstuffs. Two methods for ...
Jung T T a CVUA Stuttgart , D-70736 Fellbach , - - 2014
The aim of this investigation was to develop a multi-analyte method for the analysis of a total of 53 photoinitiators and amine synergists in food contact materials and foodstuffs. As for many of these compounds a maximum detection limit of 10 µg kg-1 food applies, a sensitive and selective detection method is ...
Gopinath B B Centre for Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology and Westmead Millennium Institute, University of Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
Higher consumption of dairy products and calcium is likely to play a role in maintaining optimal vascular health. In this study, we aimed to explore the associations between consumption of total-, regular- and low-fat dairy foods, and total calcium intake with retinal vascular caliber. 2813 Blue Mountains Eye Study participants ...
Valero Antonio A Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Córdoba, International Campus of Excellence in the AgriFood Sector (ceiA3), Campus Rabanales s/n Edif. Darwin-C1 Annex, 14014 Córdoba, - - 2014
Current sampling plans assume a random distribution of microorganisms in food. However, food-borne pathogens are estimated to be heterogeneously distributed in powdered foods. This spatial distribution together with very low level of contaminations raises concern of the efficiency of current sampling plans for the detection of food-borne pathogens like Cronobacter ...
Ma Zhijun Z Coastal Ecosystems Research Station of Yangtze River Estuary, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering, Institute of Biodiversity Science, Fudan University, No. 220 Handan Road, Shanghai, 200433, - - 2014
The threatened Marsh Grassbird (Locustella pryeri) first appeared in the salt marsh in east China after the salt marsh was invaded by cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora), a non-native invasive species. To understand the dependence of non-native Marsh Grassbird on the non-native cordgrass, we quantified habitat use, food source, and reproductive success ...
Paiano Viviana V Department of Environmental Health Sciences, IRCCS - Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, via Giuseppe La Masa 19, 20156 Milan, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Acetaldehyde is a naturally-occurring carcinogenic compound, present in different food items, especially in alcoholic beverages. The aims of this study were to measure acetaldehyde concentration in different beverages consumed in Italy and to estimate the potential cancer risk. The analytical procedure was based on headspace solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and gas ...
Kamika Ilunga I a Department of Life and Consumer Sciences, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences , University of South Africa (UNISA) , Florida Campus , South - - 2014
Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important food crop in sub-Saharan Africa. In this survey, the mycological and aflatoxin contamination of peanuts collected from Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Pretoria, South Africa, was assessed. Twenty peanut samples were purchased randomly at informal markets in the two cities and analysed ...
Freese J J 1] Nutritional Epidemiology, Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University Bonn, Bonn, Germany [2] Section of Epidemiology, Institute of Experimental Medicine, University Kiel, Kiel, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:The validity of dietary assessment in large-scale cohort studies has been questioned. Combining data sources for the estimation of usual intake in a blended approach may enhance the validity of dietary measurement. Our objective was to develop a web-based 24-h food list for Germany to identify foods consumed during the ...
Sharma S S Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
Objectives:Data are limited on how dietary sources of food and nutrients differ among ethnic groups. The objective of this study was to determine the main sources of fruit, vegetables and vitamins A, C and E for five ethnic groups.Subjects/methods:Dietary data were collected using a validated quantitative food frequency questionnaire from ...
Keet Corinne A CA Division of Allergy and Immunology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The prevalence of food allergy is thought to be increasing, but data from the United States have not been systematically synthesized. To summarize the data on prevalence of food allergy in the US pediatric population and to estimate the effects of time, race/ethnicity, and method of assessing food allergy on ...
Leong Yin-Hui YH a Centre for Advanced Analytical Toxicology Services , Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM , Penang , - - 2014
Abstract A total of 126 food samples, categorized into three groups (seafood and seafood products, meat and meat products as well as milk and dairy products) from Malaysia were analyzed for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs). The concentration of PCDD/Fs ranged from 0.16 to 0.25 pg WHO05-TEQ g(-1) fw ...
Lieberman Jesse - - 2014
Objective To investigate dietary intake and adherence to the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans in individuals with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) and able-bodied individuals. Design A pilot study of dietary intake among a sample of individuals with SCI >1 year ago from a single site compared with able-bodied individuals. ...
Caria M M Dipartimento di Agraria, Sezione di Ingegneria del territorio, Università degli Studi di Sassari, 07100 Sassari, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the response of buffaloes to automatic milking, examining the relationships between milking interval, milk production, and milking time for this species. A total of 7,550 milking records from an average of 40 buffaloes milked by an automatic milking system (AMS) were analyzed ...
Shinga-Ishihara Chikako - - 2014
Diet is a major modifiable contributing factor in the etiology of dental caries. The purpose of this paper is to examine the reliability and cross-cultural validity of the Japanese version of the Food Frequency Questionnaire to assess dietary intake in relation to dental caries risk in Japanese. The 38-item Food ...
Shakur Yaseer A - - 2014
Despite mandatory fortification of milk and margarine, most Canadians have inadequate vitamin D intake and consequently poor vitamin D status, especially in the winter. Increasing vitamin D fortification is one possible strategy to address this inadequacy. The purpose of our study was to examine the modelled effect of increased vitamin ...
Magalhães Rui R CBQF-Centro de Biotecnologia e Química Fina-Laboratório Associado, Escola Superior de Biotecnologia, Universidade Católica Portuguesa/Porto, Rua Dr. António Bernardino Almeida, Porto, 4200-072, - - 2014
Conventional methods for the detection of Listeria monocytogenes in foods and environmental samples relies on selective pre-enrichment, enrichment, and plating. This is followed by confirmation of suspected colonies by testing a limited number of biochemical markers.
Kim Jin J Department of Food and Nutrition, Kangwon National University, Samcheok 245-711, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to estimate Korean collegians' knowledge of energy content in the standard portion size of foods frequently consumed in Korea and to investigate the differences in knowledge between gender groups. A total of 600 collegians participated in this study. Participants' knowledge was assessed based on ...
Sato Sakura S Clinical Research Center for Allergy and Rheumatology, Sagamihara National Hospital, Sagamihara, - - 2014
Oral immunotherapy (OIT) is a significant focus of treatment of food allergy. OIT appears to be effective in inducing desensitization, however, patients receiving OIT frequently developmild/moderate symptoms during the therapy. It has not been clearly established whether the clinical tolerance induced by OIT resembles natural tolerance. According to our data, ...
London Jillian - - 2014
The 1860 Adulteration Act in England and the 1906 Pure Food and Drug Act in the United States were two of the earliest pieces of legislation to provide generalized regulation of food and drugs on a national scale. While significant scholarly attention has been given to explaining the factors and ...
Khor Yih Phing YP Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. - - 2014
Food manufacturers are interested in developing emulsion-based products into nutritional foods by using beneficial oils, such as fish oil and virgin coconut oil (VCO). In this study, the physicochemical properties of a VCO oil-in-water emulsion was investigated and compared to other commercial oil-in-water emulsion products (C1, C2, C3, and C4). ...
Burke Stephen J SJ University of Ottawa, Ottawa, - - 2014
Zimbabwe underwent a socioeconomic crisis and resultant increase in food insecurity in 2008-9. The impact of the crisis on Tuberculosis (TB) incidence is unknown. Prospective databases from two mission hospitals, which were geographically widely separated, and remained open during the crisis, were reviewed. At the Howard Hospital (HH) in northern ...
Forster Hannah H UCD Institute of Food and Health, University College Dublin, Dublin, - - 2014
Dietary assessment methods are important tools for nutrition research. Online dietary assessment tools have the potential to become invaluable methods of assessing dietary intake because, compared with traditional methods, they have many advantages including the automatic storage of input data and the immediate generation of nutritional outputs. The aim of ...
Ohshima Chihiro C Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Marine Science, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, Minato, Tokyo, - - 2014
Listeria monocytogenes is the causative bacteria of listeriosis, which has a higher mortality rate than that of other causes of food poisoning. Listeria spp., of which L. monocytogenes is a member, have been isolated from food and manufacturing environments. Several methods have been published for identifying Listeria spp.; however, many ...
Englund-Ögge Linda L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, SE-41685 Gothenburg, - - 2014
To examine whether an association exists between maternal dietary patterns and risk of preterm delivery. Prospective cohort study. Norway, between 2002 and 2008. 66 000 pregnant women (singletons, answered food frequency questionnaire, no missing information about parity or previously preterm delivery, pregnancy duration between 22+0 and 41+6 gestational weeks, no ...
Christensen Sara E SE Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2014
The meal- and Web-based food frequency questionnaires, Meal-Q and MiniMeal-Q, were developed for cost-efficient assessment of dietary intake in epidemiological studies. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relative validity of micronutrient and fiber intake assessed with Meal-Q and MiniMeal-Q. The reproducibility of Meal-Q was also evaluated. A ...
Salinas Jennifer J JJ University of Texas School of Public Health, Epidemiology, Human Genetics and Environmental Sciences (EHGES), Brownsville Regional Campus, UTB Campus- RAHC Building, 80 Fort Brown, Brownsville, TX 78520, USA. - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the food landscape of Texas using the CDC's Modified Retail Food Environment (mRFEI) and to make comparisons by border/non-border. Methods: The Modified Retail Food Environment index (mRFEI (2008)) is an index developed by the CDC that measures what percent of the ...
Sadeghi Naficeh N Department of Drug and Food Control, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. ; Water Safety Research Center, Food and Drug Organization, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, - - 2014
Apart from the breast milk, infant formula and baby weaning food have a special role in infant diet. Infants and young children are very susceptible to amount of trace elements. Copper and zinc are two elements that add in infant food. Lead and cadmium are heavy metals that enter to ...
Mason Helen H Yunus Centre for Social Business and Health, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, United - - 2014
Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is rising in middle income countries. Population based strategies to reduce specific CHD risk factors have an important role to play in reducing overall CHD mortality. Reducing dietary salt consumption is a potentially cost-effective way to reduce CHD events. This paper presents an economic evaluation of ...
Greco Mariana Vanesa MV Departamento de Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad Nacional de Quilmes (UNQ), Roque Sáenz Peña 352, B1876BXD Bernal, Provincia de Buenos Aires, Argentina ; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Avenida Rivadavia 1917, C1033AAJ CABA, - - 2014
Moulds are capable of reducing the nutritional value of feedstuff as well as elaborating several mycotoxins. Mycotoxin-contaminated feed has adverse effects on animal health and productivity. Also, mycotoxins may be carried over into meat and eggs when poultry are fed with contaminated feed. In a point prevalence study feedstuff used ...
Taguchi Hiromu H House Foods Group - - 2014
According to Japanese food allergen labeling regulations, an ELISA screening test is used for detection of crustacean proteins in food and a shrimp/crab-PCR confirmation test is used to confirm a positive ELISA screening test and to exclude false positives. Forty-six kinds of processed foods labeled as containing shrimp/crab were subjected ...
Calvano Cosima Damiana CD Dipartimento di Chimica, Università degli Studi di Bari "Aldo Moro", Via Orabona, 4, 70126, Bari, Italy, - - 2014
MALDI MS has become a technique of considerable impact on many fields, from proteomics to lipidomics, including polymer analysis and, more recently, even low molecular weight analytes due to the introduction of matrix-less ionization techniques (e.g., DIOS) or new matrices such as ionic liquids, proton sponges, and metal nanoparticles. However, ...
Yazdanpanah Hassan H School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. ; Food and Drug Organization, Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, - - 2014
The occurrence of deoxynivalenol (DON) in retail foods in Tehran (Iran) was determined using high-performance liquid chromatography technique and immunoaffinity column as the clean-up step. A method was validated for analysis of DON in rice, bread, puffed corn snack and wheat flour. The average recoveries and precision (RSD) for DON ...
Stea Tonje H TH Department of Public Health, Sport and Nutrition, University of Agder, Kristiansand, - - 2014
To validate energy intake (EI) estimated from a pre-coded food diary (PFD) against energy expenditure (EE) measured with a valid physical activity monitor (SenseWear Pro3 Armband) and to evaluate whether misreporting was associated with overweight/obesity in a group of elderly men. Forty-seven healthy Norwegian men, 60-80 years old, completed the ...
Khalil Rowaida - - 2014
This is a pioneer study in Egypt that provides some assessment of the microbiological quality of conventional and organic leafy green vegetables that constitute an essential component of the Egyptians' daily diet. A total of 380 samples of unpackaged whole conventional and 84 packaged whole organic leafy greens were collected ...
Pasler Sebastian - - 2014
The analysis of the food intake behavior has the potential to provide insights into the development of obesity and eating disorders. As an elementary part of this analysis, chewing strokes have to be detected and counted. Our approach for food intake analysis is the evaluation of chewing sounds generated during ...
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