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Results 301 - 350 of 2067
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Tsabouri Sophia - - 2014
In this review, clinical and epidemiological aspects of milk allergy along with current data on the structure and function of the main cow's milk allergens, are presented. Milk allergy is the most frequent food allergy in childhood. One of the reasons why allergy to cow's milk shows its highest prevalence ...
Minniti Federica - - 2014
Breast milk and colostrum are the first feeding sources for a child, providing nutrients, growth factors and immunological components, which are crucial for the newborn's correct development and health. Length of exclusive breastfeeding and time of solid foods introduction is a key factor that may influence allergy development. There is ...
Calligaris L - - 2014
Food allergy is the primary cause of anaphylaxis in paediatric age affecting roughly 4% of children and their families worldwide, and requiring changes in dietary habits. The prognosis for food allergy in children has traditionally been regarded as good for the most frequent allergens, however the prognosis for cow's milk ...
Guallar-Castillón Pilar P Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid/IdiPAZ, Madrid, Spain ; CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), Madrid, - - 2014
To assess the validity and reproducibility of food and nutrient intake estimated with the electronic diet history of ENRICA (DH-E), which collects information on numerous aspects of the Spanish diet. The validity of food and nutrient intake was estimated using Pearson correlation coefficients between the DH-E and the mean of ...
Hargreaves Margaret K MK Department of Internal Medicine, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of - - 2014
Biomarkers of selenium are necessary for assessing selenium status in humans, since soil variation hinders estimation of selenium intake from foods. In this study, we measured the concentration of plasma selenium, selenoprotein P (SEPP1), and glutathione peroxidase (GPX3) activity and their interindividual differences in 383 low-income blacks and whites selected ...
Delibato Elisabetta E Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Istituto Superiore di Sanità Viale Regina Elena, 299 00161 Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The classical microbiological method for detection of Salmonella spp. requires more than five days for final confirmation, and consequently there is a need for an alternative methodology for detection of this pathogen particularly in those food categories with a short shelf-life. This study presents an international (at European level) ISO ...
Benini Omar - - 2014
Phosphorus is an important natural nutrient, but high dietary phosphorus intake, including that sourced from added preservatives, is of great concern in renal patients. In this context a reliable analytical method able to quantify differential phosphorous in food could be a valuable tool for the monitoring of the diet composition ...
Lim Ho-Soo HS a Food Additives and Packages Division , Ministry of Food and Drug Safety , Osong-eup , Chungcheongbuk-do , - - 2014
Sulfites in foods were analysed using four methods: optimised Monier-Williams (official method), modified Rankine, HPLC and ion-exchange chromatography (IEC). The modified Rankine and HPLC methods were performed according to the previously reported methods but with some modifications. The IEC method was carried out through a combination of a modified Rankine ...
Tang Jun J Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Physical-chemistry Room No. 401, Bin-Sheng Road No. 3399, Binjiang District, Hangzhou, 310051, - - 2014
Considering the environmental pollution, food safety is of great concern to the consumers. The present study was conducted to assess the health risk of cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), and lead (Pb) through the dietary intake in Zhejiang, China. Eight hundred and sixty two food samples including aquatic products, meat, vegetables, ...
Satoh Michihiro M Department of Planning for Drug Development and Clinical Evaluation , - - 2014
Abstract Background: An electronic system for salt intake assessment using a 24-h dietary recall method has been developed in Japan. We evaluated the validity of this salt intake system for assessing salt intake. Methods: We prospectively obtained data on estimated salt intake using 24-hour urinary sodium excretion (24-hUNaCl) and salt ...
Niro Serena S Dipartimento Agricoltura, Ambiente e Alimenti (DiAAA), Università degli Studi del Molise, Via de Sanctis, 86100 Campobasso, - - 2014
This study assessed and compared the physicochemical, microbiological, and sensorial characteristics of Caciocavallo cheeses, made from cow milk and a mixture of cow with ewe or goat milk, during ripening. Different cheese-making trials were carried out on an industrial scale following the standard procedure of pasta filata cheeses, with some ...
Wolf W Asher WA Center for Esophageal Diseases and Swallowing, and Center for Gastrointestinal Biology and Disease, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Chapel Hill, - - 2014
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an immune-mediated disorder. Food elimination is an established treatment for children, but data in adults are limited. We aimed to determine the response of adults with EoE to dietary therapy. This was a retrospective cohort study using the University of North Carolina EoE database from 2006-2012. ...
Jakubowska Natalia N a European Commission, Directorate General Joint Research Centre, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection , Chemical Assessment and Testing Unit , 21027 Ispra (VA) , - - 2014
This paper presents the outcome of the development, optimisation and validation at EU level of an analytical method for using poly(2,6-diphenyl phenylene oxide, abbreviated PPPO here) which is stipulated in Regulation (EU) No 10/2011 as food simulant E for testing specific migration from plastics into dry foodstuffs. Two methods for ...
Jung T T a CVUA Stuttgart , D-70736 Fellbach , - - 2014
The aim of this investigation was to develop a multi-analyte method for the analysis of a total of 53 photoinitiators and amine synergists in food contact materials and foodstuffs. As for many of these compounds a maximum detection limit of 10 µg kg-1 food applies, a sensitive and selective detection method is ...
Gopinath B B Centre for Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology and Westmead Millennium Institute, University of Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
Higher consumption of dairy products and calcium is likely to play a role in maintaining optimal vascular health. In this study, we aimed to explore the associations between consumption of total-, regular- and low-fat dairy foods, and total calcium intake with retinal vascular caliber. 2813 Blue Mountains Eye Study participants ...
Valero Antonio A Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Córdoba, International Campus of Excellence in the AgriFood Sector (ceiA3), Campus Rabanales s/n Edif. Darwin-C1 Annex, 14014 Córdoba, - - 2014
Current sampling plans assume a random distribution of microorganisms in food. However, food-borne pathogens are estimated to be heterogeneously distributed in powdered foods. This spatial distribution together with very low level of contaminations raises concern of the efficiency of current sampling plans for the detection of food-borne pathogens like Cronobacter ...
Ma Zhijun Z Coastal Ecosystems Research Station of Yangtze River Estuary, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering, Institute of Biodiversity Science, Fudan University, No. 220 Handan Road, Shanghai, 200433, - - 2014
The threatened Marsh Grassbird (Locustella pryeri) first appeared in the salt marsh in east China after the salt marsh was invaded by cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora), a non-native invasive species. To understand the dependence of non-native Marsh Grassbird on the non-native cordgrass, we quantified habitat use, food source, and reproductive success ...
Sharma S S Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
Objectives:Data are limited on how dietary sources of food and nutrients differ among ethnic groups. The objective of this study was to determine the main sources of fruit, vegetables and vitamins A, C and E for five ethnic groups.Subjects/methods:Dietary data were collected using a validated quantitative food frequency questionnaire from ...
Freese J J 1] Nutritional Epidemiology, Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University Bonn, Bonn, Germany [2] Section of Epidemiology, Institute of Experimental Medicine, University Kiel, Kiel, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:The validity of dietary assessment in large-scale cohort studies has been questioned. Combining data sources for the estimation of usual intake in a blended approach may enhance the validity of dietary measurement. Our objective was to develop a web-based 24-h food list for Germany to identify foods consumed during the ...
Paiano Viviana V Department of Environmental Health Sciences, IRCCS - Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, via Giuseppe La Masa 19, 20156 Milan, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Acetaldehyde is a naturally-occurring carcinogenic compound, present in different food items, especially in alcoholic beverages. The aims of this study were to measure acetaldehyde concentration in different beverages consumed in Italy and to estimate the potential cancer risk. The analytical procedure was based on headspace solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and gas ...
Kamika Ilunga I a Department of Life and Consumer Sciences, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences , University of South Africa (UNISA) , Florida Campus , South - - 2014
Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important food crop in sub-Saharan Africa. In this survey, the mycological and aflatoxin contamination of peanuts collected from Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Pretoria, South Africa, was assessed. Twenty peanut samples were purchased randomly at informal markets in the two cities and analysed ...
Keet Corinne A CA Division of Allergy and Immunology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The prevalence of food allergy is thought to be increasing, but data from the United States have not been systematically synthesized. To summarize the data on prevalence of food allergy in the US pediatric population and to estimate the effects of time, race/ethnicity, and method of assessing food allergy on ...
Leong Yin-Hui YH a Centre for Advanced Analytical Toxicology Services , Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM , Penang , - - 2014
Abstract A total of 126 food samples, categorized into three groups (seafood and seafood products, meat and meat products as well as milk and dairy products) from Malaysia were analyzed for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs). The concentration of PCDD/Fs ranged from 0.16 to 0.25 pg WHO05-TEQ g(-1) fw ...
Caria M M Dipartimento di Agraria, Sezione di Ingegneria del territorio, Università degli Studi di Sassari, 07100 Sassari, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the response of buffaloes to automatic milking, examining the relationships between milking interval, milk production, and milking time for this species. A total of 7,550 milking records from an average of 40 buffaloes milked by an automatic milking system (AMS) were analyzed ...
Lieberman Jesse - - 2014
Objective To investigate dietary intake and adherence to the 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans in individuals with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) and able-bodied individuals. Design A pilot study of dietary intake among a sample of individuals with SCI >1 year ago from a single site compared with able-bodied individuals. ...
Shinga-Ishihara Chikako - - 2014
Diet is a major modifiable contributing factor in the etiology of dental caries. The purpose of this paper is to examine the reliability and cross-cultural validity of the Japanese version of the Food Frequency Questionnaire to assess dietary intake in relation to dental caries risk in Japanese. The 38-item Food ...
Stevenson Jeffrey S - - 2014
Reproductive technologies drive the efficiency of managing dairy cows because the lactation cycle of the dairy cow depends on regular calving to renew lactation yields. Achieving timely pregnancies to allow calving every 12-14 months, therefore, is critical in modern dairy production. To meet the demands to produce sufficient milk for ...
Heising Jenneke K - - 2014
This review paper discusses opportunities for intelligent packaging for monitoring directly or indirectly quality attributes of perishable packaged foods. The possible roles of intelligent packaging as a tool in supply chain management are discussed as well as the barriers to implement this kind of technology in commercial applications. Cases on ...
Ofori Jack A - - 2014
Blood has traditionally been used as a high protein ingredient in both human food and animal feed, with resulting economic, environmental and nutritional benefits. However, potentially serious health and safety issues related to blood consumption, particularly the risk of pathogenic or harmful metabolic materials, the infectivity of prion diseases, and ...
Selvaggi Maria M Department of DETO-Section of Veterinary Science and Animal Production, University of Bari 'Aldo Moro', 70010, Valenzano, BA, - - 2014
Milk and dairy products are very important in Mediterranean diet because of their health promoting and organoleptic properties. In many developing countries, goat rearing has a key role in livestock production. What makes goats so popular is their ability to provide high quality food under diverse climatic conditions and resilience ...
Pasler Sebastian - - 2014
The analysis of the food intake behavior has the potential to provide insights into the development of obesity and eating disorders. As an elementary part of this analysis, chewing strokes have to be detected and counted. Our approach for food intake analysis is the evaluation of chewing sounds generated during ...
Partyka Melissa L ML Western Institute for Food Safety and Security, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, 1089 Veterinary Medicine Drive, Davis, California 95616, - - 2014
Consumption of raw produce commodities has been associated with foodborne outbreaks in the United States. In a recent Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report outlining the incidence of food-related outbreaks from 1998 to 2008, produce of all kinds were implicated in 46% of illnesses and 23% of deaths. Methods ...
Mason Helen H Yunus Centre for Social Business and Health, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, United - - 2014
Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is rising in middle income countries. Population based strategies to reduce specific CHD risk factors have an important role to play in reducing overall CHD mortality. Reducing dietary salt consumption is a potentially cost-effective way to reduce CHD events. This paper presents an economic evaluation of ...
Fruh Sharon M - - 2014
Obesity rates are high in all age groups. Individuals are often unaware of the calorie counts of food and the number of calories that they need each day to maintain their weight. Health care providers must promote calorie awareness in terms that are easy for patients to understand and implement. ...
Brasil Luciana L Post-Graduate Program in Food Science and Technology, Technology Centre, Federal University of Paraiba (UFPB), João Pessoa CEP 58051-900, PB, Brazil. - - 2014
Goat "sarapatel" is a product made from blood and viscera. For the first time, the microbiological and nutritional quality of "sarapatel" samples (n = 48) sold under different conditions (in street markets, butcher shops, and supermarkets under refrigeration, frozen or at room temperature) was evaluated. Goat "sarapatel" is a nutritive ...
Nagla Chaves Trindade Samara S Department of Nutrition. Federal University of Jequitinhonha and Mucuri Valleys (UFVJM). Diamantina. Minas Gerais. Brazil.. - - 2014
Introduction: Food safety is a critical issue in school food program. Objective: This study was conducted to assess the bacteriological quality and food safety practices of a municipal school food program (MSFP) in Jequitinhonha Valley, Brazil. Materials and methods: A checklist based on good manufacturing practices (GMP) for food service ...
Eftekhari Mohammad Hassan - - 2014
Table salt is the most commonly used food additive. Since most of the salt consumed in Iran comes from mines, contamination with heavy metals is a health concern. The commonest salt purification method in Iran is washing with water. But recently, some industries have turned to recrystallization method. The present ...
Tasneem Madiha M a Department of Food Technology , PMAS-Arid Agriculture University , Rawalpindi 46300 , - - 2014
The functionality of stabilizers is apparent in many food applications including dairy products. The role of stabilizers like gelatin, pectins, alginates, carboxymethylcellulose, gums, ispghol, sago starch, and chitosan in the development of dairy products of high rheology, like yoghurt, ice cream, and flavored milk, is discussed in this review. Attention ...
Heine Ralf G RG Department of Allergy and Immunology, Royal Children's Hospital, Murdoch Children's Research Institute, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, - - 2014
Due to the recent exponential increase in food allergies and atopic disorders, effective allergy prevention has become a public health priority in many developed regions. Important preventive strategies include the promotion of breastfeeding and vaginal deliveries, judicious use of perinatal antibiotics, as well as the avoidance of maternal tobacco smoking. ...
Burke Stephen J SJ University of Ottawa, Ottawa, - - 2014
Zimbabwe underwent a socioeconomic crisis and resultant increase in food insecurity in 2008-9. The impact of the crisis on Tuberculosis (TB) incidence is unknown. Prospective databases from two mission hospitals, which were geographically widely separated, and remained open during the crisis, were reviewed. At the Howard Hospital (HH) in northern ...
Robinson Trisha J - - 2014
Raw milk has frequently been identified as the source of foodborne illness outbreaks; however, the number of illnesses ascertained as part of documented outbreaks likely represents a small proportion of the actual number of illnesses associated with this food product. Analysis of routine surveillance data involving illnesses caused by enteric ...
Kim Jin J Department of Food and Nutrition, Kangwon National University, Samcheok 245-711, - - 2014
The purpose of this study is to estimate Korean collegians' knowledge of energy content in the standard portion size of foods frequently consumed in Korea and to investigate the differences in knowledge between gender groups. A total of 600 collegians participated in this study. Participants' knowledge was assessed based on ...
Oberst Sebastian S Acoustics & Vibration Unit, School of Engineering and Information Technology, The University of New South Wales, Canberra, - - 2014
Choice tests are a standard method to determine preferences in bio-assays, e.g. for food types and food additives such as bait attractants and toxicants. Choice between food additives can be determined only when the food substrate is sufficiently homogeneous. This is difficult to achieve for wood eating organisms as wood ...
Chen Celia Y CY Dartmouth College, Department of Biological Sciences, Hanover, New Hampshire, United States of - - 2014
Methylmercury (MeHg) is a contaminant of global concern that bioaccumulates and bioamagnifies in marine food webs. Lower trophic level fauna are important conduits of MeHg from sediment and water to estuarine and coastal fish harvested for human consumption. However, the sources and pathways of MeHg to these coastal fisheries are ...
Lee Soon-Kyu SK Dietary Life Safety Division, Food Nutrition and Dietary Safety Bureau, Ministry of Food and Drug safety, Osong Health Technology Administration Complex, #187, Osongsaengmyeong 2(i)-ro, Osong-eup, Cheongwon-gun, Chungcheongbuk-do, 363-951, Korea. - - 2014
The increasing rate of child obesity has developed into a serious concern in contemporary society. In Korea, additional concerns over unsanitary environments of food establishments near schools led to the enforcement in 2009 of the Special Act on the Safety Management of Children's Dietary Life in order to improve food ...
Tahara Shoichi S Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Public - - 2014
A simple and rapid dialysis method was developed for the extraction and purification of four artificial sweeteners, namely, sodium saccharin (Sa), acesulfame potassium (AK), aspartame (APM), and dulcin (Du), which are present in various foods. Conventional dialysis uses a membrane dialysis tube approximately 15 cm in length and is carried ...
Taguchi Hiromu H House Foods Group - - 2014
According to Japanese food allergen labeling regulations, an ELISA screening test is used for detection of crustacean proteins in food and a shrimp/crab-PCR confirmation test is used to confirm a positive ELISA screening test and to exclude false positives. Forty-six kinds of processed foods labeled as containing shrimp/crab were subjected ...
Katzka David A DA Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn., - - 2014
The description of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) from a clinical, endoscopic, histologic and mechanistic perspective has emerged at a rapid pace. Nevertheless, there are many key areas of diagnosis which remain problematic. The first area is trying to identify a gold standard for EoE, particularly in its differentiation from gastroesophageal reflux ...
Schoepfer Alain A Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Vaudois/CHUV, Lausanne, - - 2014
The activity of eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) can be assessed with patient-reported outcomes and biologic measures. Patient-reported outcomes include symptoms and quality of life, whereas biologic measures refer to endoscopic, histologic, and biochemical activity (e.g. blood biomarkers). So far, a validated tool to assess EoE activity in the above-mentioned dimensions is ...
Englund-Ögge Linda L Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, SE-41685 Gothenburg, - - 2014
To examine whether an association exists between maternal dietary patterns and risk of preterm delivery. Prospective cohort study. Norway, between 2002 and 2008. 66 000 pregnant women (singletons, answered food frequency questionnaire, no missing information about parity or previously preterm delivery, pregnancy duration between 22+0 and 41+6 gestational weeks, no ...
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