Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 2008
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >
Christensen Sara E SE Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Stockholm, Sweden. - - 2014
The meal- and Web-based food frequency questionnaires, Meal-Q and MiniMeal-Q, were developed for cost-efficient assessment of dietary intake in epidemiological studies. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relative validity of micronutrient and fiber intake assessed with Meal-Q and MiniMeal-Q. The reproducibility of Meal-Q was also evaluated. A ...
Giannetti A A Pediatric Unit, Department of Gynecologic, Obstetric and Pediatric Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, - - 2014
Currently, in the literature there is a lack of definite predictive values parameters to identify patients with the risk to develop anaphylaxis. The controlled oral food challenge remains the gold standard for food allergy diagnosis. We report a case of a girl allergic to cow's milk with low levels of ...
Zhou Bei B Department of Clinical Nutrition, Institute of Health Biosciences, the University of Tokushima Graduate - - 2014
In general, vegetables are abundantly consumed in a calorie-restricted diet to achieve sufficient satiety through fresh food or various cooking methods. In this study, we examined the effects of different cooking methods on appetite and specific perceptions of the food after consumption; eating approaches were also analyzed by meal duration. ...
Mulligan Angela A AA European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Strangeways Research Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2014
To describe the research methods for the development of a new open source, cross-platform tool which processes data from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition Norfolk Food Frequency Questionnaire (EPIC-Norfolk FFQ). A further aim was to compare nutrient and food group values derived from the current tool (FETA, ...
Itoh Nobuyasu N National Metrology Institute of Japan (NMIJ), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology - - 2014
We examined the reliability of a certified reference material (CRM) for urea (NMIJ CRM 6006-a) as a calibrant for N, C, and H in elemental analyzers. Only the N content for this CRM is provided as an indicative value. To estimate the C and H contents of the urea CRM, ...
Yazdanpanah Hassan H School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. ; Food and Drug Organization, Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, - - 2014
The occurrence of deoxynivalenol (DON) in retail foods in Tehran (Iran) was determined using high-performance liquid chromatography technique and immunoaffinity column as the clean-up step. A method was validated for analysis of DON in rice, bread, puffed corn snack and wheat flour. The average recoveries and precision (RSD) for DON ...
Sadeghi Naficeh N Department of Drug and Food Control, School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. ; Water Safety Research Center, Food and Drug Organization, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, - - 2014
Apart from the breast milk, infant formula and baby weaning food have a special role in infant diet. Infants and young children are very susceptible to amount of trace elements. Copper and zinc are two elements that add in infant food. Lead and cadmium are heavy metals that enter to ...
Küpeli Tülay T Chemistry Department, Faculty of Arts and Science, Sakarya University, 54187 Sakarya, - - 2014
Levels of some trace and essential elements, including Al, B, Ba, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Sr, and Zn, were determined in 17 different fish species from Sakarya River, Çark Stream, Sapanca Lake, and Western Black Sea using ICP-OES after microwave (MW) digestion procedure. During preparation of samples for analysis, ...
Magalhães Rui R CBQF-Centro de Biotecnologia e Química Fina-Laboratório Associado, Escola Superior de Biotecnologia, Universidade Católica Portuguesa/Porto, Rua Dr. António Bernardino Almeida, Porto, 4200-072, - - 2014
Conventional methods for the detection of Listeria monocytogenes in foods and environmental samples relies on selective pre-enrichment, enrichment, and plating. This is followed by confirmation of suspected colonies by testing a limited number of biochemical markers.
Rodríguez-Lázaro David D Instituto Tecnológico Agrario (ITACyL), Junta de Castilla y León, Ctra. Burgos, km119, 47071, Valladolid, Spain, - - 2014
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is an invaluable diagnostic technique in microbiology for rapid and specific detection and confirmation of microbial isolates from food and the environment. PCR is a simple, sensitive, specific, and reproducible assay and can be performed in conventional or in real-time formats. Here, we describe the application ...
Mehra Raj R Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, - - 2014
Oligosaccharides are the third largest component in human milk. This abundance is remarkable because oligosaccharides are not digestible by the newborn, and yet they have been conserved and amplified during evolution. In addition to encouraging the growth of a protective microbiota dominated by bifidobacteria, oligosaccharides have anti-infective activity, preventing pathogens ...
Sakurai Gen G National Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, 3-1-3 Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8604, - - 2014
Understanding the effects of climate change is vital for food security. Among the most important environmental impacts of climate change is the direct effect of increased atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration ([CO2]) on crop yields, known as the CO2 fertilization effect. Although several statistical studies have estimated past impacts of temperature ...
Sunguya Bruno F BF Department of Community and Global Health, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, - - 2014
We conducted this mixed-method study among 748 children aged 6 months-14 years attending 9 of a total of 32 care and treatment centers in Tanga region, Tanzania. We collected quantitative data using a standard questionnaire and qualitative data through seven focus group discussions (FGDs). HIV-positive children had high magnitudes of ...
Shakur Yaseer A - - 2014
Despite mandatory fortification of milk and margarine, most Canadians have inadequate vitamin D intake and consequently poor vitamin D status, especially in the winter. Increasing vitamin D fortification is one possible strategy to address this inadequacy. The purpose of our study was to examine the modelled effect of increased vitamin ...
Santos D M DM D.M. Santos, Rio de Janeiro State University, Social Nutrition, Rua São Francisco Xavier, 524, Pavilhão João Lyra Filho, 12º andar, Bloco D, Rio de Janeiro 20559-900, Brazil, - - 2014
Objective: To analyze the simultaneous effects of sociodemographic variables and time on each food group contribution to total Portuguese elderly household food availability. Design: Four cross sectional Portuguese Household Budget Surveys were used. A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), using a general linear model (GLM), was applied to analyze the ...
Balińska-Miśkiewicz Wanda W I Katedra Pediatrii, Klinika Alergologii i Kardiologii Uniwersytetu Medycznego we - - 2014
Component - resolved diagnostics (CRD) is the research method that allows to determine the concentrations of specific immunoglobulin E against a particular allergenic components. The paper discusses the importance of CRD in the food allergy diagnosis to common animal and vegetable allergens. The capabilities of the method and its limitations ...
Sato Sakura S Clinical Research Center for Allergy and Rheumatology, Sagamihara National Hospital, Sagamihara, - - 2014
Oral immunotherapy (OIT) is a significant focus of treatment of food allergy. OIT appears to be effective in inducing desensitization, however, patients receiving OIT frequently developmild/moderate symptoms during the therapy. It has not been clearly established whether the clinical tolerance induced by OIT resembles natural tolerance. According to our data, ...
Silva Elaine Nóbrega Gibson EN Departamento de Análises Bromatológicas Faculdade de Farmácia Universidade Federal da Bahia SalvadorBA - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of bacteriophage P100 on strains of Listeria monocytogenes in artificially inoculated soft cheeses. A mix of L. monocytogenes 1/2a and Scott A was inoculated in Minas Frescal and Coalho cheeses (approximately 10(5) cfu/g) with the bacteriophage added thereafter (8.3 × ...
Ohshima Chihiro C Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Marine Science, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, Minato, Tokyo, - - 2014
Listeria monocytogenes is the causative bacteria of listeriosis, which has a higher mortality rate than that of other causes of food poisoning. Listeria spp., of which L. monocytogenes is a member, have been isolated from food and manufacturing environments. Several methods have been published for identifying Listeria spp.; however, many ...
Payab Moloud M Obesity and Eating Habits Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Molecular -Cellular Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
As a major public health problem, food insecurity has adverse social and psychological effects, in addition to the impact on public health. This study aimed to determine the association of household food security and depression in mothers with primary school children in Ray County. This descriptive, analytical cross-sectional study was ...
Werner Louise Bruun LB Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, Faculty of Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, - - 2014
Dairy products are important in a healthy diet due to their high nutritional value; they are, however, associated with relatively large greenhouse gas emissions (GHGE) per kg product. When discussing the need to reduce the GHGE caused by the food system, it is crucial to consider the nutritional value of ...
Forster Hannah H UCD Institute of Food and Health, University College Dublin, Dublin, - - 2014
Dietary assessment methods are important tools for nutrition research. Online dietary assessment tools have the potential to become invaluable methods of assessing dietary intake because, compared with traditional methods, they have many advantages including the automatic storage of input data and the immediate generation of nutritional outputs. The aim of ...
Khor Yih Phing YP Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. - - 2014
Food manufacturers are interested in developing emulsion-based products into nutritional foods by using beneficial oils, such as fish oil and virgin coconut oil (VCO). In this study, the physicochemical properties of a VCO oil-in-water emulsion was investigated and compared to other commercial oil-in-water emulsion products (C1, C2, C3, and C4). ...
Bianco Antonino A Sport and Exercises Research Unit, University of Palermo, Via Eleonora Duse, 2-90146 Palermo, - - 2014
It is anecdotally recognized that commercial gym users assume supplements in order to improve performance or health. However, dietary behaviours of people and athletes attending commercial gyms have been poorly studied. The exact amount and frequency of dietary supplements consumption are still needed to be investigated. The main purpose of ...
Husted Margaret M 0000-0003-4573-4609 Psychology Department, FAHS, University of Surrey, Stag Hill, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH, - - 2014
Obesity surgery is the most effective treatment method for the severely obese but does not work for everyone. Indications are that weight-loss success may be related to individuals' sense of investment in surgery, with failure linked to higher automatic hedonic motivations to consume food and greater susceptibility to food in ...
Salinas Jennifer J JJ University of Texas School of Public Health, Epidemiology, Human Genetics and Environmental Sciences (EHGES), Brownsville Regional Campus, UTB Campus- RAHC Building, 80 Fort Brown, Brownsville, TX 78520, USA. - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to describe the food landscape of Texas using the CDC's Modified Retail Food Environment (mRFEI) and to make comparisons by border/non-border. Methods: The Modified Retail Food Environment index (mRFEI (2008)) is an index developed by the CDC that measures what percent of the ...
Jo Juandy J 0000-0002-5366-7605 Program of Immunology, Danone Nutricia Early Life Nutrition, Singapore - - 2014
Food allergy is an aberrant immune-mediated reaction against harmless food substances, such as cow's milk proteins. Due to its very early introduction, cow's milk allergy is one of the earliest and most common food allergies. For this reason cow's milk allergy can be recognized as one of the first indications ...
Dyett Patricia P Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, University of the West Indies, St. Augustine, Trinidad and Tobago. - - 2014
This study aimed to develop and validate a de novo food frequency questionnaire for self-defined vegans in the United States. Diet histories from pilot samples of vegans and a modified 'Block Method' using seven selected nutrients of concern in vegan diet patterns, were employed to generate the questionnaire food list. ...
Feás Xesús X Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Santiago de Compostela, E-27080 Lugo, Spain. - - 2014
The present study aimed to determine the effectiveness of propolis in reducing the microbial load in ready-to-eat (RTE) and fresh whole head (FWH) lettuces (Lactuca sativa L.) type Batavia. Two sanitizing solutions were employed: sodium hypochlorite (SH) and propolis (PS), during 15 and 30 min. Tap water (TW) was used ...
Stea Tonje H TH Department of Public Health, Sport and Nutrition, University of Agder, Kristiansand, - - 2014
To validate energy intake (EI) estimated from a pre-coded food diary (PFD) against energy expenditure (EE) measured with a valid physical activity monitor (SenseWear Pro3 Armband) and to evaluate whether misreporting was associated with overweight/obesity in a group of elderly men. Forty-seven healthy Norwegian men, 60-80 years old, completed the ...
Brown Andrew W AW Office of Energetics, Nutrition Obesity Research Center, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, United States of - - 2014
Systematically evaluating scientific literature is a time consuming endeavor that requires hours of coding and rating. Here, we describe a method to distribute these tasks across a large group through online crowdsourcing. Using Amazon's Mechanical Turk, crowdsourced workers (microworkers) completed four groups of tasks to evaluate the question, "Do nutrition-obesity ...
Contzen Matthias M Chemisches und Veterinäruntersuchungsamt (CVUA) Stuttgart, Schaflandstr. 3/2, D-70736 Fellbach, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2013
Bacillus (B.) cytotoxicus is a newly described thermotolerant member of the Bacillus cereus group. This potential foodborne pathogen had so far only been isolated from vegetable products, including mashed potatoes. Here we report the detection of B. cytotoxicus in a variety of potato products taken on retail level or from ...
Dalmasso Marion M Teagasc Food Research Centre, Moorepark, Fermoy, Co. Cork, - - 2013
Analysis for L. monocytogenes by ISO11290-1 is time-consuming, entailing two enrichment steps and subsequent plating on agar plates, taking five days without isolate confirmation. The aim of this study was to determine if a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay could be used for analysis of the first or second enrichment ...
Hu D D Intensive Care Unit, Qingdao Municipal Hospital, Qingdao, - - 2013
Epidemiological studies evaluating the association of dairy foods with risk of stroke have produced inconsistent results. We conducted a meta-analysis to summarize the evidence from prospective cohort studies regarding the association between dairy foods and risk of stroke. Pertinent studies were identified by searching Embase (1950-November, 2013), Web of Knowledge ...
Nasiraei-Moghadam Shiva Nasiraei-Moghadam SN Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, - - 2014
The goals of the study are evaluation the effects of food deprivation and isolation situation as a social stress on fertility; and in the following, investigation of the improving effect of melatonin as an antioxidant component. In this experimental study, We investigated histopathological and serological effects of melatonin and social ...
Slyper Arnold H - - 2013
Abstract Objectives: This quality improvement program examined self-reported hunger, over-eating, and eating speed in obese and normal-weight children and adolescents prior to an interventional component. Patients and Methods: Food frequency questionnaires were presented to 127 obese and 42 normal-weight patients, and perceived hunger, food intake and eating speed were rated. ...
Yeasmin Lubna L * MDG Foundation, Dhaka, - - 2013
Summary This study aimed to assess whether teaching good cooking practices, food habits and sanitation to ultra-poor rural women in four rural communities of Rangpur district, Bangladesh, with a high density of extremely poor households, would improve the overall health of the community. The sample size was 200 respondents combined ...
Husain Adnan A Food and Nutrition Program, Environmental and Life Sciences Research Center, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research, P.O. Box 24885, Safat 13109, Kuwait. Electronic address: - - 2014
A total of 318 local and imported meat, milk, eggs, fish, and animal feed samples collected in Kuwait were analyzed by cell-based reporter gene assay (Dioxin-Responsive Chemical Activated LUciferase gene eXpression DR-CALUX) for PCDD/Fs and dl-PCBs. The bioanalytical equivalents (BEQs) obtained by DR-CALUX bioassay were compared with the official maximum ...
Chung Stephen Wai-Cheung SW a Food Research Laboratory, Centre for Food Safety , Food and Environmental Hygiene Department , 4/F Public Health Laboratory Centre, 382 Nam Cheong Street, Hong Kong , - - 2013
Abstract Arsenic (As) is a metalloid that occurs in different inorganic and organic forms, which are found in the environment both from natural occurrence and from anthropogenic activity. The inorganic forms of As are more toxic as compared to the organic As, but so far most of the occurrence data ...
Langellier Brent A BA At the time of the study, Brent A. Langellier, and M. Pia Chaparro, were with and May C. Wang is with the Department of Community Health Sciences, Fielding School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles. At the time of the study, Maria Koleilat was with and Shannon E. Whaley is with Public Health Foundation Enterprises, Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children Program, Los Angeles, - - 2013
Objectives. We assessed the effect of the new Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) food package, implemented in October 2009, on breastfeeding outcomes among a predominately Latina sample of WIC participants in Los Angeles County, California. Methods. We used data from 5020 WIC participants who were ...
Wang Dongxu D School of Public Health, Griffith University, Room 4.08/S07, South Bank Campus, PO Box 3370, South Brisbane, QLD, 4101, Australia, - - 2013
To investigate the knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of seventh-grade students regarding nutrition and dietary intake, to collect data that would facilitate the design and implementation of interventions aimed at promoting good nutrition in adolescents via the school and to contribute to the improvement of adolescents' health in rural regions. This ...
Souto Débora Lopes DL Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Institute of Nutrition Josué de Castro, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2013
Diets based on carbohydrate counting remain a key strategy for improving glycemic control in patients with type 1 diabetes. However, these diets may promote weight gain because of the flexibility in food choices. The aim of this study was to compare carbohydrate counting methods regarding anthropometric, biochemical, and dietary variables ...
Carlson Michelle J - - 2013
It is unknown whether children with functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders identify specific foods that exacerbate their GI symptoms. The objectives of this study were to determine the perceived role of food on GI symptoms and to determine the impact of food-induced symptoms on quality of life (QOL) in children with ...
Collins Brendan B Research Fellow in Health Economics, Public Health - Wirral Council/University of Liverpool, Old Market House, Hamilton Street, Birkenhead, Merseyside, CH41 5AL, - - 2013
To understand more about the relationship between economic deprivation, types of premises, food hygiene scores and rates of gastrointestinal illness in the UK. Data were extracted from the UK Food Standards Agency for about 300 000 UK premises which had hygiene scores based on visits from local authority food safety ...
Pereira-da-Silva Luis L Neonatal Division, Hospital Dona Estefânia, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central, Lisbon, - - 2013
Objective To evaluate the effect of prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), energy and macronutrient intakes during pregnancy, and gestational weight gain (GWG) on the body composition of full-term appropriate-for-gestational age neonates. Study Design This is a cross-sectional study of a systematically recruited convenience sample of mother-infant pairs. Food intake during pregnancy was ...
Oke M O MO Department of Food Science and Engineering, Ladoke Akintola University Ogbomoso, - - 2013
The nutritional and anti-nutritional compositions of African Yam Bean (AYB) and Lima bean flours under different processing methods were determined. Nutritional and anti-nutritional properties studied include moisture content, crude protein, crude fibre, ash content, ether extract, carbohydrate, tannin, protease inhibitor and phytate. The moisture content of AYB flours ranged from ...
Gerbault Pascale P Research Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment, University College London, London, WC1E 6BT, - - 2013
Lactase is the enzyme that breaks down the milk sugar lactose, and in most mammals, including most humans, lactase activity is down-regulated after the weaning period is completed. However, in about 35% of adults worldwide, lactase continues to be expressed throughout adulthood, a feature termed lactase persistence (LP). Genetic evidence ...
Durazzo Alessandra A CRA-NUT, Via Ardeatina 546, 00178 Roma, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food industry is interested in the utilisation of legume flours for the improvement the nutritional quality of cereal based foods. In this context, this research aimed at investigating the beneficial properties of different commercial carob seed flours -Ceratonia siliqua L.-. In particular, we determined chemical parameters (protein, fat, ash, soluble ...
Palle-Reisch Monika M Department of Analytical Chemistry, University of Vienna, Währinger Straße 38, 1090 Vienna, Austria; AGES, Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety, Institute for Food Safety, Department of Molecular Biology and Microbiology, Spargelfeldstraße 191, 1220 Vienna, - - 2014
The paper presents a duplex real-time PCR assay for the simultaneous detection of three potentially allergenic mustard species commonly used in food: white mustard (Sinapis alba), black mustard (Brassica nigra) and brown mustard (Brassica juncea). White mustard is detected in the "green" and black/brown mustard in the "yellow" channel. The ...
Velazquez Cayley E - - 2013
The purpose of this study was to examine how objective measures of attention to food/beverage advertising were associated with the unhealthy food/beverage preferences and choices of children and adolescents. A self-report survey and eye-tracking session were completed by 102 youth (mean age=11.6 years; 56.4% were white; 43.1% were female) between ...
< 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 >