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Results 251 - 300 of 2039
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Bunyavanich Supinda S Division of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York; Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York; Mindich Child Health and Development Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maternal diet during pregnancy may affect childhood allergy and asthma. We sought to examine the associations between maternal intake of common childhood food allergens during early pregnancy and childhood allergy and asthma. We studied 1277 mother-child pairs from a US prebirth cohort unselected for any disease. Using food frequency questionnaires ...
Lahou Evy E Laboratory of Food Preservation and Food Microbiology, Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Coupure Links, 653, 9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food service operations are confronted with a diverse range of raw materials and served meals. The implementation of a microbial sampling plan in the framework of verification of suppliers and their own production process (functionality of their prerequisite and HACCP program), demands selection of food products and sampling frequencies. However, ...
Grafenauer Sara J SJ Smart Food Centre, School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Northfields Avenue, Wollongong, 2522 NSW, - - 2014
Weight loss results from an energy deficit, although the quality of food choices making up the diet may also be important. The aim of the present study was to develop and validate a diet quality tool based on food categories to monitor dietary change in clinical weight-loss settings. The Food ...
Ritala A A VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Tietotie 2, P.O. Box 1000, 02044 VTT, Espoo, Finland, - - 2014
Recombinant allergens and antibodies are needed for diagnostic, therapeutic, food processing and quality verification purposes. The aim of this work was to develop a barley-based production system for β-lactoglobulin (BLG) specific immunoglobulin E antibody (D1 scFv). The expression level in the best barley cell clone was 0.8-1.2 mg/kg fresh weight, and ...
Kassim Ismail A R IA Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, - - 2014
Few data on iodine status in Somalia are available, but it is assumed that deficiency is a public health problem due to the limited access to iodized salt. We aimed to describe the iodine status of the population of Somalia and to investigate possible determinants of iodine status. A national ...
Fussell Richard J - - 2014
Human exposure to emerging contaminants by indirect routes is of increasing interest. In this study we have assessed the contamination of food by chemicals used in human pharmaceuticals (HPs), veterinary medicines (VMs) and personal care products (PCPs). A prioritisation study was undertaken to identify the chemicals and food producing scenarios ...
Cunha Isabel I CIMAR/CIIMAR - Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research, University of Porto, Rua dos Bragas 289, 4050-123 Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Different risk evaluation approaches have been used to face oil and hazardous and noxious substances (HNS) spills all over the world. To minimize health risks and mitigate economic losses due to a long term ban on the sale of sea products after a spill, it is essential to preemptively set ...
Hamada Yuka Y Graduate School of Human-Environment Studies, Kyushu University; Graduate School of Decision Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of - - 2014
Objective: To determine the effects of the number of chews and meal duration on diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) and splanchnic blood flow (BF). Design and Methods: Healthy normal-weight subjects (11 subjects in the 100-kcal test and 10 subjects in the 300-kcal test) participated in two trials: a rapid-eating trial and a ...
Cunningham William C WC * Division of Bioanalytical Chemistry, Office of Regulatory Science, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 5100 Paint Branch Parkway, College Park, MD - - 2014
A procedure is presented for screening foods for radionuclide contamination. It was developed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (U.S. FDA) to be an option for augmenting analytical capability following a major radiological contamination event involving beta- or alpha-emitting radionuclides. The expected application of this procedure would be during ...
Dupont Christophe C Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Université Paris-Descartes, Paris, - - 2014
Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) affect many organs, from mouth to gut, with, immediate and delayed reactions, including infantile colic, food protein induced enterocolitis syndrome, enteropathy, eosinophilic disorders, among which infantile proctocolitis, and "dysmotility" disturbances, gastro-esophageal reflux and constipation. Diagnosis follows usual steps, careful history taking and medical examination, before ...
Vetter Anna A Veterinary Physiology, Vetsuisse Faculty University of Bern, 3012 Bern, - - 2014
The goal of the present study was to examine the suitability of a short pre-stimulation (P) for 15 s followed by a latency period (L) of 30 s before cluster attachment for machine milking. In addition we tested the effect of a periodic reduction of the vacuum under the teat (VR) during ...
Kamana Olivier O Ghent University, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Food Preservation (LFMFP), Ghent, Belgium; Higher Institute of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Agriculture and Rural Development, Department of Animal Production, Busogo, - - 2014
Milk is a valuable and nutritious food product that can partially fulfill the rising food demand of the growing African population. The microbiological status of milk and derived products was assessed throughout the milk and dairy chain in Rwanda by enumeration of the total mesophilic count, coliforms, and Staphylococcus aureus ...
Nie Jing - - 2014
Sixteen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were determined in 24 duplicate-diet samples from people in Taiyuan during summer and winter in 2009. Dietary intake of PAHs for 2862 participants was subsequently estimated by a survey in Taiyuan. Results from these 24 samples were compared with a raw food study in Taiyuan ...
Phillips Caroline A CA Evolutionary Studies Institute, University of Witwatersrand, Wits, South Africa; Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United - - 2014
Macroscopic inspection of feces has been used to investigate primate diet. The limitations of this method to identify food-items to species level have long been recognized, but ascertaining aspects of diet (e.g., folivory) are achievable by quantifying food-items in feces. Quantification methods applied include rating food-items using a scale of ...
Bischoff Karyn K a New York State Veterinary Diagnostic Center , Cornell University , Ithaca NY - - 2014
Lead (Pb) exposure in dairy cattle is associated with economic losses due to mortality and treatment costs, but with production animals there is also risk to the human food chain. The first objective of this study was to quantify the Pb concentration in milk from Pb-exposed cattle. The second objective ...
Varga L L Institute of Food Science, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of West Hungary, 9200 Mosonmagyaróvár, Hungary. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to monitor the viability during storage of Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5 (A), Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis BB-12 (B), and Streptococcus thermophilus CHCC 742/2130 (T) in probiotic cultured dairy foods made from pasteurized camel, cow, goat, and sheep milks fermented by an ABT-type culture. The products ...
Córdoba Caro Luis Gonzalo LG Departamento de Didáctica de la Expresión Musical, Plástica y Corporal, Facultad de Educación, Universidad de Extremadura, Badajoz, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
The main objective of the study is to analyze whether students of Compulsory Secondary Education (ESO) of Badajoz city known foods that are part of a healthy breakfast. It also intends to see the relationship of this knowledge with lifestyle habits and academic performance. A representative sample of 1197 secondary ...
Chung Ill-Min IM Department of Applied Bioscience, College of Life and Environmental Science, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701, Republic of - - 2014
Natural stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen ((12)C, (13)C, (14)N, (15)N) have abundances unique to each living creature. Therefore, measurement of the stable isotope ratio of carbon and nitrogen (δ(13)C=(13)C/(12)C, δ(15)N=(15)N/(14)N) in milk provides a reliable method to determine organic milk (OM) authenticity. In the present study, the mean δ(13)C ...
Castro A P AP Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cow's milk allergy diagnosis many times requires double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC), which presents high accuracy but involves risks, specifically in infants and anaphylactic patients. The identification of the cut-off values for specific IgE to milk or its components would contribute to cow's milk allergy (CMA) diagnosis. The aim of ...
Wheeler Ashley A Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Illinois, 238 Bevier Hall, 905 S. Goodwin Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine if Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) variables predict soy milk intake in a sample of WIC participants in 2 Illinois counties (n = 380). A cross-sectional survey was used, which examined soy foods intake, behavioral beliefs, subjective norms, motivation, and intention. Soy ...
You Chang-Hun CH 0000-0001-6844-4394 Department of Preventive Medicine, Dong-A University, Busan, - - 2014
This study was performed to evaluate the effect of dietary factors for mercury exposure by comparing with blood mercury concentration. Study population consisted of 1,866 adults (839 men and 1,027 women) in randomly-selected 30 districts in southeast Korea. Dietary mercury intake was calculated from food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) on seafood ...
Bordin K K Department of Food Engineering, School of Animal Science and Food Engineering, University of São Paulo, Av. Duque de Caxias Norte, 225, CEP 13635-900 Pirassununga, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this study, fumonisin B1 (FB1) consumption was assessed through determination of FB1 in corn meal, corn flour, corn flakes, polenta, canned corn and popcorn collected from homes of residents of Pirassununga, São Paulo, Brazil, and using a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) filled out by the residents. One hundred and ...
Berner Louise A - - 2014
Even in an era of obesity and dietary excess, numerous shortfall micronutrients have been identified in the diets of US children and adolescents. To help tailor strategies for meeting recommendations, it is important to know what foods contribute greatly to micronutrient intakes. Data are lacking on specific contributions made by ...
Sugimoto K K Department of Occlusal and Oral Functional Rehabilitation, Okayama University, Okayama, - - 2014
Because food texture is regarded as an important factor for smooth deglutition, identification of objective parameters that could provide a basis for food texture selection for elderly or dysphagic patients is of great importance. We aimed to develop an objective evaluation method of mastication using a mixed test food comprising ...
Wiley James F JF Children's Center for Community Research, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, - - 2014
Hispanic children in the United States are disproportionately affected by obesity. The role of acculturation in obesity is unclear. This study examined the relation between child obesity, dietary intake, and maternal acculturation in Hispanic children. We hypothesized that children of more acculturated mothers would consume more unhealthy foods and would ...
Appelhans Bradley M BM Departments of Preventive Medicine and Behavioral Sciences, Rush University Medical Center, 1700 W. Van Buren St., Suite 470, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Frequent family meals and home food preparation are considered important for children's nutritional health and weight maintenance. This cross-sectional study tested whether these parent-driven behaviors are related to the availability of food preparation supplies in low-income urban households. Caregivers of children ages 6 to 13 provided information on family meal ...
Piombino Paola P Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Portici, - - 2014
Recent evidence suggests that a lower extent of the retronasal aroma release correspond to a higher amount of ad libitum food intake. This has been regarded as one of the bases of behavioral choices towards food consumption in obese people. In this pilot study we investigated the hypothesis that saliva ...
Host Arne - - 2014
Since the 1930's the scientific literature on cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) has accumulated. Over the last decade new diagnostic tools and treatment approaches have been developed. The diagnosis of reproducible adverse reactions to cow's milk proteins (CMP), i.e. CMPA, still has to be confirmed by controlled elimination and challenge ...
Tsabouri Sophia - - 2014
In this review, clinical and epidemiological aspects of milk allergy along with current data on the structure and function of the main cow's milk allergens, are presented. Milk allergy is the most frequent food allergy in childhood. One of the reasons why allergy to cow's milk shows its highest prevalence ...
Minniti Federica - - 2014
Breast milk and colostrum are the first feeding sources for a child, providing nutrients, growth factors and immunological components, which are crucial for the newborn's correct development and health. Length of exclusive breastfeeding and time of solid foods introduction is a key factor that may influence allergy development. There is ...
Calligaris L - - 2014
Food allergy is the primary cause of anaphylaxis in paediatric age affecting roughly 4% of children and their families worldwide, and requiring changes in dietary habits. The prognosis for food allergy in children has traditionally been regarded as good for the most frequent allergens, however the prognosis for cow's milk ...
Guallar-Castillón Pilar P Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid/IdiPAZ, Madrid, Spain ; CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), Madrid, - - 2014
To assess the validity and reproducibility of food and nutrient intake estimated with the electronic diet history of ENRICA (DH-E), which collects information on numerous aspects of the Spanish diet. The validity of food and nutrient intake was estimated using Pearson correlation coefficients between the DH-E and the mean of ...
Hargreaves Margaret K MK Department of Internal Medicine, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of - - 2014
Biomarkers of selenium are necessary for assessing selenium status in humans, since soil variation hinders estimation of selenium intake from foods. In this study, we measured the concentration of plasma selenium, selenoprotein P (SEPP1), and glutathione peroxidase (GPX3) activity and their interindividual differences in 383 low-income blacks and whites selected ...
Delibato Elisabetta E Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Istituto Superiore di Sanità Viale Regina Elena, 299 00161 Rome, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The classical microbiological method for detection of Salmonella spp. requires more than five days for final confirmation, and consequently there is a need for an alternative methodology for detection of this pathogen particularly in those food categories with a short shelf-life. This study presents an international (at European level) ISO ...
Benini Omar - - 2014
Phosphorus is an important natural nutrient, but high dietary phosphorus intake, including that sourced from added preservatives, is of great concern in renal patients. In this context a reliable analytical method able to quantify differential phosphorous in food could be a valuable tool for the monitoring of the diet composition ...
Lim Ho-Soo HS a Food Additives and Packages Division , Ministry of Food and Drug Safety , Osong-eup , Chungcheongbuk-do , - - 2014
Sulfites in foods were analysed using four methods: optimised Monier-Williams (official method), modified Rankine, HPLC and ion-exchange chromatography (IEC). The modified Rankine and HPLC methods were performed according to the previously reported methods but with some modifications. The IEC method was carried out through a combination of a modified Rankine ...
Tang Jun J Zhejiang Provincial Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Physical-chemistry Room No. 401, Bin-Sheng Road No. 3399, Binjiang District, Hangzhou, 310051, - - 2014
Considering the environmental pollution, food safety is of great concern to the consumers. The present study was conducted to assess the health risk of cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), and lead (Pb) through the dietary intake in Zhejiang, China. Eight hundred and sixty two food samples including aquatic products, meat, vegetables, ...
Satoh Michihiro M Department of Planning for Drug Development and Clinical Evaluation , - - 2014
Abstract Background: An electronic system for salt intake assessment using a 24-h dietary recall method has been developed in Japan. We evaluated the validity of this salt intake system for assessing salt intake. Methods: We prospectively obtained data on estimated salt intake using 24-hour urinary sodium excretion (24-hUNaCl) and salt ...
Niro Serena S Dipartimento Agricoltura, Ambiente e Alimenti (DiAAA), Università degli Studi del Molise, Via de Sanctis, 86100 Campobasso, - - 2014
This study assessed and compared the physicochemical, microbiological, and sensorial characteristics of Caciocavallo cheeses, made from cow milk and a mixture of cow with ewe or goat milk, during ripening. Different cheese-making trials were carried out on an industrial scale following the standard procedure of pasta filata cheeses, with some ...
Wolf W Asher WA Center for Esophageal Diseases and Swallowing, and Center for Gastrointestinal Biology and Disease, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, Chapel Hill, - - 2014
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an immune-mediated disorder. Food elimination is an established treatment for children, but data in adults are limited. We aimed to determine the response of adults with EoE to dietary therapy. This was a retrospective cohort study using the University of North Carolina EoE database from 2006-2012. ...
Jakubowska Natalia N a European Commission, Directorate General Joint Research Centre, Institute for Health and Consumer Protection , Chemical Assessment and Testing Unit , 21027 Ispra (VA) , - - 2014
This paper presents the outcome of the development, optimisation and validation at EU level of an analytical method for using poly(2,6-diphenyl phenylene oxide, abbreviated PPPO here) which is stipulated in Regulation (EU) No 10/2011 as food simulant E for testing specific migration from plastics into dry foodstuffs. Two methods for ...
Jung T T a CVUA Stuttgart , D-70736 Fellbach , - - 2014
The aim of this investigation was to develop a multi-analyte method for the analysis of a total of 53 photoinitiators and amine synergists in food contact materials and foodstuffs. As for many of these compounds a maximum detection limit of 10 µg kg-1 food applies, a sensitive and selective detection method is ...
Gopinath B B Centre for Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology and Westmead Millennium Institute, University of Sydney, NSW, - - 2014
Higher consumption of dairy products and calcium is likely to play a role in maintaining optimal vascular health. In this study, we aimed to explore the associations between consumption of total-, regular- and low-fat dairy foods, and total calcium intake with retinal vascular caliber. 2813 Blue Mountains Eye Study participants ...
Valero Antonio A Department of Food Science and Technology, University of Córdoba, International Campus of Excellence in the AgriFood Sector (ceiA3), Campus Rabanales s/n Edif. Darwin-C1 Annex, 14014 Córdoba, - - 2014
Current sampling plans assume a random distribution of microorganisms in food. However, food-borne pathogens are estimated to be heterogeneously distributed in powdered foods. This spatial distribution together with very low level of contaminations raises concern of the efficiency of current sampling plans for the detection of food-borne pathogens like Cronobacter ...
Ma Zhijun Z Coastal Ecosystems Research Station of Yangtze River Estuary, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory for Biodiversity Science and Ecological Engineering, Institute of Biodiversity Science, Fudan University, No. 220 Handan Road, Shanghai, 200433, - - 2014
The threatened Marsh Grassbird (Locustella pryeri) first appeared in the salt marsh in east China after the salt marsh was invaded by cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora), a non-native invasive species. To understand the dependence of non-native Marsh Grassbird on the non-native cordgrass, we quantified habitat use, food source, and reproductive success ...
Sharma S S Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
Objectives:Data are limited on how dietary sources of food and nutrients differ among ethnic groups. The objective of this study was to determine the main sources of fruit, vegetables and vitamins A, C and E for five ethnic groups.Subjects/methods:Dietary data were collected using a validated quantitative food frequency questionnaire from ...
Freese J J 1] Nutritional Epidemiology, Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University Bonn, Bonn, Germany [2] Section of Epidemiology, Institute of Experimental Medicine, University Kiel, Kiel, - - 2014
Background/Objectives:The validity of dietary assessment in large-scale cohort studies has been questioned. Combining data sources for the estimation of usual intake in a blended approach may enhance the validity of dietary measurement. Our objective was to develop a web-based 24-h food list for Germany to identify foods consumed during the ...
Paiano Viviana V Department of Environmental Health Sciences, IRCCS - Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, via Giuseppe La Masa 19, 20156 Milan, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Acetaldehyde is a naturally-occurring carcinogenic compound, present in different food items, especially in alcoholic beverages. The aims of this study were to measure acetaldehyde concentration in different beverages consumed in Italy and to estimate the potential cancer risk. The analytical procedure was based on headspace solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and gas ...
Kamika Ilunga I a Department of Life and Consumer Sciences, College of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences , University of South Africa (UNISA) , Florida Campus , South - - 2014
Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important food crop in sub-Saharan Africa. In this survey, the mycological and aflatoxin contamination of peanuts collected from Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of Congo, and Pretoria, South Africa, was assessed. Twenty peanut samples were purchased randomly at informal markets in the two cities and analysed ...
Keet Corinne A CA Division of Allergy and Immunology, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland; Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The prevalence of food allergy is thought to be increasing, but data from the United States have not been systematically synthesized. To summarize the data on prevalence of food allergy in the US pediatric population and to estimate the effects of time, race/ethnicity, and method of assessing food allergy on ...
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