Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2069
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >
Gicquelais Rachel E - - 2014
In August 2012, the Arkansas Department of Health (ADH) was notified of gastrointestinal illness outbreaks in two Arkansas state prisons. ADH investigated the outbreaks and conducted case-control studies to identify the source of the illnesses. This report describes the results of these investigations, which identified 528 persons with onset of ...
Chen Biye B Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, P.O. Box 226, Reading RG6 6AP, - - 2014
The composition and physical properties of raw milk from a commercial herd were studied over a 1year period in order to understand how best to utilise milk for processing throughout the year. Protein and fat levels demonstrated seasonal trends, while minerals and many physical properties displayed considerable variations, which were ...
Chiu Yi-Fang YF School of Nutrition and Health Sciences, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, - - 2014
In this study, a Hemodialysis Eating Index (HDEI) suitable for hemodialysis (HD) patients in Taiwan was developed based on the dietary recommendations of the U.S. National Kidney Foundation for HD patients and the Taiwanese 2011 Daily Food Guide. The HDEI was used to explore HD-associated cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. ...
Costa M P MP Fluminense Federal University, Food Technology Department, CEP 24230-340, Niterói, RJ, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Goat milk yogurt is an excellent source of fatty acids, protein, and minerals; however, it is not well accepted by many consumers, due to its typical flavor derived from caprylic, capric, and caproic acids present in this milk and dairy products. Recently, the repeated-exposure test has been used to increase ...
Shen Yixiao Y School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, - - 2014
A method for simultaneously determining four artificial food colourants [Red Nos. 2 (R2) and 40 (R40), Yellow Nos. 5 (Y5) and 6 (Y6)] and three carotenoids [lycopene, lutein, and β-carotene] was developed. They were successfully separated by the developed high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) method combined with a photo diode ...
Imai Takanori T Department of Pediatrics, Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Pediatrics, National Hospital Organization, National Sagamihara Hospital, Kanagawa, - - 2014
Background: Some studies have been reported about positioning of SPT in the diagnosis of food allergy. On the other hand, it is not yet clear about the positioning of SPT in the diagnosis of tolerance acquisition of the immediate type food allergy. Methods: The retrospective study had been conducted for ...
Wong Waiky W K WW a Risk Assessment Section, Food and Environmental Hygiene Department , Centre for Food Safety , Hong Kong , - - 2014
Acrylamide is a processing contaminant in food formed during cooking at high temperature, such as frying and baking. To assess its associated health risk of the Hong Kong population, the dietary exposure of Hong Kong adults to acrylamide was estimated in the first Hong Kong Total Diet Study (TDS), where ...
Ezekiel Chibundu N CN Mycotoxicology Research Unit, Department of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Babcock University, Ilishan Remo, Nigeria; Pathology/Mycotoxin Laboratory, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, P.M.B. 5320, Ibadan, Nigeria. Electronic address: - - 2014
A pilot, cross-sectional, correlational study was conducted in eight rural communities in northern Nigeria to investigate mycotoxin exposures in 120 volunteers (19 children, 20 adolescents and 81 adults) using a modern LC-MS/MS based multi-biomarker approach. First morning urine samples were analyzed and urinary biomarker levels correlated with mycotoxin levels in ...
Guccione J J Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Production, University of Napoli "Federico II," Via Delpino 1, 80137 Napoli, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effects of penethamate hydriodide (Mamyzin, Boehringer Ingelheim, Ingelheim, Germany) on udder health and milk yields were evaluated in primiparous Mediterranean buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). An intramuscular administration of 10 million international units was performed in 20 buffaloes at 7 d precalving (treatment group; TG), and 20 animals were enrolled as ...
Vencia W W Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Piemonte, Liguria e Valle d'Aosta (IZS-PLV), S.C. Controllo Alimenti e Igiene delle Produzioni, Turin, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Campylobacteriosis was the most frequently reported zoonosis in the European Union (EU) in 2010, with Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli, and Campylobacter lari as the most frequently reported species in foodborne outbreaks (FBOs). Relatively sensitive to environmental factors, these species may be present in low numbers. In line with EU policy ...
Zacs D D a Institute of Food Safety, Animal Health and Environment "BIOR" , Lejupes iela 3, Riga LV-1076 , - - 2014
During 2009-2011 a monitoring programme for 17 polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs)/polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and 12 dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (DL-PCBs) was conducted in the Latvian food and feed market. Using ISO 17025-accredited analytical methodology, investigation of 121 food (milk, dairy products, meat, eggs, fish, fish products) and 66 feed samples (fish meal ...
Ozçam Mustafa M a Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Engineering , Celal Bayar University , Manisa , - - 2014
Tarhana chips are a popular traditional fermented food consumed widely in the KahramanmaraƟ region of Turkey. Tarhana chips are different from many other types of fermented food in that they are produced in the form of tortilla chips. Cereal and yoghurt are the main ingredients in Tarhana chips. Aflatoxin M1 ...
Franek Milan M Veterinary Research Institute, Hudcova 70, 621 00 Brno, Czech - - 2014
The analytical performance and evaluation of a kit-based ELISA for the determination of acrylamide in fried potato and corn chip samples are described. The sample homogenate is subjected to clean-up using SPE, followed by analyte derivatization and ELISA detection. Accuracy, precision and linearity of the ELISA procedure have been validated ...
Carpenter Jessica L JL Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, 285 Old Westport Road, North Dartmouth, MA, - - 2014
Cranberry fruit (Vaccinium macrocarpon) is rich in polyphenols, particularly oligomeric proanthocyanidins (PACs) possessing antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. PACs may play a role in resistance to fruit rot. Although many cranberry cultivars are grown for use in foods, beverages and nutraceuticals, data on PAC content among cultivars is limited. Eight cultivars ...
Buckeridge David L DL Surveillance Lab, McGill Clinical and Health Informatics; Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational - - 2014
Added sugar, particularly in carbonated soft drinks (CSDs), represents a considerable proportion of caloric intake in North America. Interventions to decrease the intake of added sugar have been proposed, but monitoring their effectiveness can be difficult due to the costs and limitations of dietary surveys. We developed, assessed the accuracy ...
Serraino A A Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, Via Tolara di Sopra 50, 40064 Ozzano Emilia (BO), - - 2014
The present study investigated the presence of Arcobacter spp. in industrial dairy plants. Between February and September 2013, pasteurized milk used for cheesemaking, processing and cleaning water, cheese, and environmental samples from different plant sites, including surfaces in contact or not in contact with food, were sampled. A total of ...
Lv Ying Y Beijing Laboratory of Food Quality and Safety, Beijing Key Laboratory of Agricultural Product Detection and Control of Spoilage Organisms and Pesticide Residue, College of Food Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Agriculture, Beijing, China - - 2014
Dairy products are considered as nutrient-dense foods and consumed by many people in western countries, as well as an increasing number of Asian people. Excessive and frequent application of pesticides on vegetables and fruits leads to a potential health hazard to consumers. The organophosphate insecticide chlorpyrifos has been reported to ...
Alabi A A Department of Analytical Chemistry, Institute of Fine Chemistry and Nanochemistry, University of Cordoba, Edificio Anexo Marie Curie, Campus de Rabanales, 14071 Córdoba, - - 2014
We report herein a multiresidue method for canned food determination of 12 bisphenols [bisphenol A (BPA), bisphenol B (BPB), bisphenol F (BPF), bisphenol E (BPE)], bisphenol diglycidyl ethers [bisphenol F diglycidyl ether (BFDGE), bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE)] and their derivatives [BADGE·2H2O, BADGE·H2O, BADGE·HCl·H2O, BADGE·HCl, BADGE·2HCl and BFDGE·2HCl]. The method ...
Bahwere Paluku P Valid International, Oxford, UK; Centre of Research in Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Clinical Research, School of Public Health, Free University of Brussels, Brussels, - - 2014
The cost of ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) used in community-based management of acute malnutrition has been a major obstacle to the scale up of this important child survival strategy. The current standard recipe for RUTF [peanut-based RUTF (P-RUTF)] is made from peanut paste, milk powder, oil, sugar, and minerals and ...
Subaiya Saleena S Saleena Subaiya and Anthony Velasquez are with the Department of Emergency Medicine, New York Presbyterian Hospital, and The University Hospital of Columbia and Cornell, New York, NY. Cyrus Moussavi is with NowThis News, New York City, NY. Joshua Stillman is with the New York Presbyterian Hospital and Columbia University Medical Center, New - - 2014
Objectives. We conducted a rapid needs assessment in the Rockaway Peninsula-one of the areas of New York City most severely affected by Hurricane Sandy on October 29, 2012-to assess basic needs and evaluate for an association between socioeconomic status (SES) and storm recovery. Methods. We conducted a cross-sectional survey within ...
Le Parc Annabelle A Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA, 95616, - - 2014
Numerous milk components, such as lactoferrin, are recognized as health-promoting compounds. A growing body of evidence suggests that glycans could mediate lactoferrin's bioactivity. Goat milk lactoferrin is a candidate for infant formula supplementation because of its high homology with its human counterpart. The aim of this study was to characterize ...
Rubert Josep J Departament de Medicina Preventiva, Facultat de Farmàcia, Universitat de València, Av. Vicent Andrés Estellés s/n, 46100 Burjassot (València), Spain; Institute of Chemical Technology, Department of Food Analysis and Nutrition, Technická 5, 166 28 Prague 6, Prague, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
Humans can be exposed to mycotoxins through the food chain. Mycotoxins are mainly found as contaminants in food and could be subsequently excreted via biological fluids such as urine or human breast milk in native or metabolised form. Since breast milk is usually supposed as the only food for new-borns, ...
McFadden Alison - - 2014
Good nutrition is important during pregnancy, breastfeeding and early life to optimise the health of women and children. It is difficult for low-income families to prioritise spending on healthy food. Healthy Start is a targeted United Kingdom (UK) food subsidy programme that gives vouchers for fruit, vegetables, milk, and vitamins ...
Bunyavanich Supinda S Division of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York; Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York; Mindich Child Health and Development Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maternal diet during pregnancy may affect childhood allergy and asthma. We sought to examine the associations between maternal intake of common childhood food allergens during early pregnancy and childhood allergy and asthma. We studied 1277 mother-child pairs from a US prebirth cohort unselected for any disease. Using food frequency questionnaires ...
Lahou Evy E Laboratory of Food Preservation and Food Microbiology, Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Coupure Links, 653, 9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food service operations are confronted with a diverse range of raw materials and served meals. The implementation of a microbial sampling plan in the framework of verification of suppliers and their own production process (functionality of their prerequisite and HACCP program), demands selection of food products and sampling frequencies. However, ...
Grafenauer Sara J SJ Smart Food Centre, School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Northfields Avenue, Wollongong, 2522 NSW, - - 2014
Weight loss results from an energy deficit, although the quality of food choices making up the diet may also be important. The aim of the present study was to develop and validate a diet quality tool based on food categories to monitor dietary change in clinical weight-loss settings. The Food ...
Ritala A A VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Tietotie 2, P.O. Box 1000, 02044 VTT, Espoo, Finland, - - 2014
Recombinant allergens and antibodies are needed for diagnostic, therapeutic, food processing and quality verification purposes. The aim of this work was to develop a barley-based production system for β-lactoglobulin (BLG) specific immunoglobulin E antibody (D1 scFv). The expression level in the best barley cell clone was 0.8-1.2 mg/kg fresh weight, and ...
Kassim Ismail A R IA Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, - - 2014
Few data on iodine status in Somalia are available, but it is assumed that deficiency is a public health problem due to the limited access to iodized salt. We aimed to describe the iodine status of the population of Somalia and to investigate possible determinants of iodine status. A national ...
Fussell Richard J - - 2014
Human exposure to emerging contaminants by indirect routes is of increasing interest. In this study we have assessed the contamination of food by chemicals used in human pharmaceuticals (HPs), veterinary medicines (VMs) and personal care products (PCPs). A prioritisation study was undertaken to identify the chemicals and food producing scenarios ...
Cunha Isabel I CIMAR/CIIMAR - Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research, University of Porto, Rua dos Bragas 289, 4050-123 Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Different risk evaluation approaches have been used to face oil and hazardous and noxious substances (HNS) spills all over the world. To minimize health risks and mitigate economic losses due to a long term ban on the sale of sea products after a spill, it is essential to preemptively set ...
Hamada Yuka Y Graduate School of Human-Environment Studies, Kyushu University; Graduate School of Decision Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of - - 2014
Objective: To determine the effects of the number of chews and meal duration on diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) and splanchnic blood flow (BF). Design and Methods: Healthy normal-weight subjects (11 subjects in the 100-kcal test and 10 subjects in the 300-kcal test) participated in two trials: a rapid-eating trial and a ...
Cunningham William C WC * Division of Bioanalytical Chemistry, Office of Regulatory Science, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 5100 Paint Branch Parkway, College Park, MD - - 2014
A procedure is presented for screening foods for radionuclide contamination. It was developed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (U.S. FDA) to be an option for augmenting analytical capability following a major radiological contamination event involving beta- or alpha-emitting radionuclides. The expected application of this procedure would be during ...
Dupont Christophe C Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Université Paris-Descartes, Paris, - - 2014
Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) affect many organs, from mouth to gut, with, immediate and delayed reactions, including infantile colic, food protein induced enterocolitis syndrome, enteropathy, eosinophilic disorders, among which infantile proctocolitis, and "dysmotility" disturbances, gastro-esophageal reflux and constipation. Diagnosis follows usual steps, careful history taking and medical examination, before ...
Vetter Anna A Veterinary Physiology, Vetsuisse Faculty University of Bern, 3012 Bern, - - 2014
The goal of the present study was to examine the suitability of a short pre-stimulation (P) for 15 s followed by a latency period (L) of 30 s before cluster attachment for machine milking. In addition we tested the effect of a periodic reduction of the vacuum under the teat (VR) during ...
Kamana Olivier O Ghent University, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Food Preservation (LFMFP), Ghent, Belgium; Higher Institute of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Agriculture and Rural Development, Department of Animal Production, Busogo, - - 2014
Milk is a valuable and nutritious food product that can partially fulfill the rising food demand of the growing African population. The microbiological status of milk and derived products was assessed throughout the milk and dairy chain in Rwanda by enumeration of the total mesophilic count, coliforms, and Staphylococcus aureus ...
Nie Jing - - 2014
Sixteen polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were determined in 24 duplicate-diet samples from people in Taiyuan during summer and winter in 2009. Dietary intake of PAHs for 2862 participants was subsequently estimated by a survey in Taiyuan. Results from these 24 samples were compared with a raw food study in Taiyuan ...
Phillips Caroline A CA Evolutionary Studies Institute, University of Witwatersrand, Wits, South Africa; Department of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United - - 2014
Macroscopic inspection of feces has been used to investigate primate diet. The limitations of this method to identify food-items to species level have long been recognized, but ascertaining aspects of diet (e.g., folivory) are achievable by quantifying food-items in feces. Quantification methods applied include rating food-items using a scale of ...
Bischoff Karyn K a New York State Veterinary Diagnostic Center , Cornell University , Ithaca NY - - 2014
Lead (Pb) exposure in dairy cattle is associated with economic losses due to mortality and treatment costs, but with production animals there is also risk to the human food chain. The first objective of this study was to quantify the Pb concentration in milk from Pb-exposed cattle. The second objective ...
Varga L L Institute of Food Science, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of West Hungary, 9200 Mosonmagyaróvár, Hungary. Electronic address: - - 2014
The objective of this study was to monitor the viability during storage of Lactobacillus acidophilus LA-5 (A), Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis BB-12 (B), and Streptococcus thermophilus CHCC 742/2130 (T) in probiotic cultured dairy foods made from pasteurized camel, cow, goat, and sheep milks fermented by an ABT-type culture. The products ...
Córdoba Caro Luis Gonzalo LG Departamento de Didáctica de la Expresión Musical, Plástica y Corporal, Facultad de Educación, Universidad de Extremadura, Badajoz, España. Electronic address: - - 2014
The main objective of the study is to analyze whether students of Compulsory Secondary Education (ESO) of Badajoz city known foods that are part of a healthy breakfast. It also intends to see the relationship of this knowledge with lifestyle habits and academic performance. A representative sample of 1197 secondary ...
Chung Ill-Min IM Department of Applied Bioscience, College of Life and Environmental Science, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701, Republic of - - 2014
Natural stable isotopes of carbon and nitrogen ((12)C, (13)C, (14)N, (15)N) have abundances unique to each living creature. Therefore, measurement of the stable isotope ratio of carbon and nitrogen (δ(13)C=(13)C/(12)C, δ(15)N=(15)N/(14)N) in milk provides a reliable method to determine organic milk (OM) authenticity. In the present study, the mean δ(13)C ...
Castro A P AP Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Cow's milk allergy diagnosis many times requires double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC), which presents high accuracy but involves risks, specifically in infants and anaphylactic patients. The identification of the cut-off values for specific IgE to milk or its components would contribute to cow's milk allergy (CMA) diagnosis. The aim of ...
Wheeler Ashley A Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Illinois, 238 Bevier Hall, 905 S. Goodwin Ave, Urbana, IL 61801, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine if Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) variables predict soy milk intake in a sample of WIC participants in 2 Illinois counties (n = 380). A cross-sectional survey was used, which examined soy foods intake, behavioral beliefs, subjective norms, motivation, and intention. Soy ...
You Chang-Hun CH 0000-0001-6844-4394 Department of Preventive Medicine, Dong-A University, Busan, - - 2014
This study was performed to evaluate the effect of dietary factors for mercury exposure by comparing with blood mercury concentration. Study population consisted of 1,866 adults (839 men and 1,027 women) in randomly-selected 30 districts in southeast Korea. Dietary mercury intake was calculated from food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) on seafood ...
Bordin K K Department of Food Engineering, School of Animal Science and Food Engineering, University of São Paulo, Av. Duque de Caxias Norte, 225, CEP 13635-900 Pirassununga, SP, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
In this study, fumonisin B1 (FB1) consumption was assessed through determination of FB1 in corn meal, corn flour, corn flakes, polenta, canned corn and popcorn collected from homes of residents of Pirassununga, São Paulo, Brazil, and using a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) filled out by the residents. One hundred and ...
Berner Louise A - - 2014
Even in an era of obesity and dietary excess, numerous shortfall micronutrients have been identified in the diets of US children and adolescents. To help tailor strategies for meeting recommendations, it is important to know what foods contribute greatly to micronutrient intakes. Data are lacking on specific contributions made by ...
Sugimoto K K Department of Occlusal and Oral Functional Rehabilitation, Okayama University, Okayama, - - 2014
Because food texture is regarded as an important factor for smooth deglutition, identification of objective parameters that could provide a basis for food texture selection for elderly or dysphagic patients is of great importance. We aimed to develop an objective evaluation method of mastication using a mixed test food comprising ...
Wiley James F JF Children's Center for Community Research, Connecticut Children's Medical Center, Hartford, - - 2014
Hispanic children in the United States are disproportionately affected by obesity. The role of acculturation in obesity is unclear. This study examined the relation between child obesity, dietary intake, and maternal acculturation in Hispanic children. We hypothesized that children of more acculturated mothers would consume more unhealthy foods and would ...
Appelhans Bradley M BM Departments of Preventive Medicine and Behavioral Sciences, Rush University Medical Center, 1700 W. Van Buren St., Suite 470, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Frequent family meals and home food preparation are considered important for children's nutritional health and weight maintenance. This cross-sectional study tested whether these parent-driven behaviors are related to the availability of food preparation supplies in low-income urban households. Caregivers of children ages 6 to 13 provided information on family meal ...
Piombino Paola P Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Portici, - - 2014
Recent evidence suggests that a lower extent of the retronasal aroma release correspond to a higher amount of ad libitum food intake. This has been regarded as one of the bases of behavioral choices towards food consumption in obese people. In this pilot study we investigated the hypothesis that saliva ...
< 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 >