Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 2069
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Foster Gary D GD Center for Obesity Research and Education, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA (GDF and ACW); The Food Trust, Philadelphia, PA (AK and SW); the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA (ED, CB, AT, WG, and KG); Brown's Super Stores Inc, Westville, NJ (JB); The Fresh Grocer, Drexel Hill, PA (CS and PJB); and Uplift Solutions, Westville, NJ - - 2014
The greater presence of supermarkets in low-income, high-minority neighborhoods has the potential to positively affect diet quality among those at greatest risk of obesity. In-store marketing strategies that draw attention to healthier products may be effective, sustainable, and scalable for improving diet quality and health. Few controlled studies of in-store ...
Cao Xu-Liang XL Bureau of Chemical Safety, Food Directorate, Health Canada, 251 Sir Frederick Banting Driveway, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1A 0K9. - - 2014
Di-(2-ethylhexyl) adipate (DEHA) and phthalates are commonly used as plasticizers to soften polyvinyl chloride products. Because both DEHA and certain phthalates have been identified as priority chemicals for assessment of human health risk under the Government of Canada's Chemicals Management Plan, a comprehensive targeted survey was conducted to investigate the ...
Wiedmann Martin M Department of Food Science, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA. - - 2014
The number of commercially available kits and methods for rapid detection of foodborne pathogens continues to increase at a considerable pace, and the diversity of methods and assay formats is reaching a point where it is very difficult even for experts to weigh the advantages and disadvantages of different methods ...
Kimura Shinji S Division of Women's and Children's Family Nursing, School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Yonago, Japan; Department of Clinical Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Shimane University, Izumo, - - 2014
A preference for calorie-dense food in men seems to be closely linked with a considerably higher incidence of obesity in adulthood for men than women, but it is not clear in which life stage the gender differences in food preference begin to appear. In order to clarify this, a picture ...
Clark C E F CE HAS den Bosch University, Hertogenbosch, Netherlands - - 2014
Automatic milking systems (AMS) rely upon voluntary cow traffic (the voluntary movement of cattle around a farm) for milk harvesting and feed consumption. Previous research on conventional milking systems has shown differences between dairy cow breeds for intake and milk production, however, the ability to manipulate voluntary cow traffic and ...
Bernhardt Amy M AM Norris Cotton Cancer Center, Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth, Lebanon, New - - 2014
IMPORTANCE Since 2009, quick-service restaurant chains, or fast-food companies, have agreed to depict healthy foods in their advertising targeted at children. OBJECTIVE To determine how children interpreted depictions of milk and apples in television advertisements for children's meals by McDonald's and Burger King (BK) restaurants. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS Descriptive ...
Sopo Stefano Miceli SM aDepartment of Pediatrics, Agostino Gemelli Hospital, Sacro Cuore Catholic University, Rome bDepartment of Pediatrics, Fatebenefratelli Hospital, Benevento cDepartment of Pediatrics, Regina Margherita Children's Hospital, University of Turin, - - 2014
The article discusses the clinical management of patients affected by food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES), focusing on established therapeutic choices and future options. After FPIES has been diagnosed and avoidance of the culprit food prescribed, the most important management needs are as follows. First, recurrence of acute FPIES episodes due ...
Kamo Shuichi S Fine Chemical Laboratory, J-OIL MILLS, Inc. 1746, Nakashinden, Fukuroi-shi, Shizuoka, 437-1111, - - 2014
Soyasaponins have been reported to promote various health functions. However, the total soyasaponin and soyasapogenol content in soy products and the daily intake remain to be fully elucidated. We developed a high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometric (HPLC-MS/MS) method to evaluate the content of group A and B ...
Kim Hyung Joo HJ a Advanced Analysis Team, Toxicological Evaluation and Research Department , National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation, Ministry of Food and Drug Safety , Osong Health Technology Administration Complex, Cheongwon-gun , Chungcheongbuk-do , - - 2014
Abstract Commercially available non-opioid analgesics such as acetaminophen and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have been used to adulterate some foods and dietary supplements. Considering the rapid growth of the dietary supplement market, it is essential to analyse various analgesics used for adulteration over a time period. Acetaminophen and 16 NSAIDs ...
Leventakou Vasiliki V Department of Social Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Crete, PO Box 2208, Heraklion 71003, Crete, - - 2014
To examine the relative validity of an FFQ based on parental report for pre-school children in the mother-child 'Rhea' birth cohort. The children's mothers completed an FFQ that referred to the children's dietary intake for the previous year by telephone interview. Mothers completed also three food records, two on weekdays ...
Jahns Lisa L 1 USDA/ARS Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center, 2420 2nd Avenue North, Grand Forks, ND 58203, - - 2014
The Dietary Guidelines for Americans (DGA) promote healthy dietary choices for all Americans aged 2 years and older; however, the majority of Americans do not meet recommendations. The goal of the present study was to identify both barriers and facilitators to adherence to DGA recommendations for consumption of five recommended ...
Ali M A I MA a Sudanese Standards and Metrology Organization, Airport branch , Khartoum , - - 2014
The aim of this study is to determine the level of contamination of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in raw and imported powdered milk in Khartoum state, Sudan. Thirty-five samples of fresh cow milk were collected from different farms, based on the source of concentrated feed introduced to the dairy cows (locally ...
Oosting S J SJ Animal Production Systems Group, Wageningen University, PO Box 338 6700 AH, Wageningen, The - - 2014
Because of an increasing demand for animal-source foods, an increasing desire to reduce poverty and an increasing need to reduce the environmental impact of livestock production, tropical farming systems with livestock must increase their productivity. An important share of the global human and livestock populations are found within smallholder mixed-crop-livestock ...
Afeiche Myriam C MC From the aDepartment of Nutrition, bDepartment of Biostatistics, and cDepartment of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA; d Division of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Murcia School of Medicine, Murcia, Spain; eUniversity Department of Growth and Reproduction, University of Copenhagen, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark; fDepartment of Obstetrics and Gynecology, School of Medicine, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY; gDepartment of Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY; and hChanning Division of Network Medicine, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
In the United States, anabolic sex steroids are administered to cattle for growth promotion. There is concern regarding the reproductive consequences of this practice in men who eat beef. We investigated whether meat consumption was associated with semen quality parameters and reproductive hormone levels in young men. Semen samples were ...
Robertson Suzie S Northern General Hospital in - - 2014
Parenteral nutrition is a method of administering nutrition and hydration intravenously. Usually, nutrients are absorbed from the different foods we consume via the action of enzymes in the gastrointestinal tract.
Farooq Muhammad M Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487, - - 2014
Many methods for monitoring diet and food intake rely on subjects self-reporting their daily intake. These methods are subjective, potentially inaccurate and need to be replaced by more accurate and objective methods. This paper presents a novel approach that uses an electroglottograph (EGG) device for an objective and automatic detection ...
Rodriguez-Lazaro David D Subdirección de Investigación y Tecnología, Instituto Tecnológico Agrario de Castilla y León (ITACyL), Carretera de Burgos Km, 119 Valladolid, Spain; Microbiology Section, Faculty of Sciences, University of Burgos, Plaza Misael Bauñuelos s/n, 9001 Burgos, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The microbiological standard for detection of Salmonella relies on several cultural steps and requires more than 5days for final confirmation, and as consequence there is a need for an alternative rapid methodology for its detection. The aim of this study was to compare different detection strategies based on real-time PCR ...
Makarem Nour N Department of Nutrition, Food Studies and Public Health, New York University, 411 Lafayette Street, 5th Floor, New York, NY 10003, - - 2014
The intake of carbohydrates has been evaluated cross-sectionally, but not longitudinally in an ageing American adult population. The aim of the present study was to examine trends in the intake of dietary carbohydrates and their major food sources among the Framingham Heart Study Offspring (FOS) cohort, which had been uniquely ...
Das Mihir Tanay MT School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi 110 067, - - 2014
An indirect estimation method was followed to derive exposure levels of fifteen phthalate congeners in urban population of Delhi, India. The exposure media samples were collected from Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) campus and Okhla industrial area. GC-MS analysis of the samples indicated di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) to be the most abundant ...
Streppel M T MT Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Wageningen, The - - 2014
Background/Objectives:The nutrient-rich food (NRF) index assesses nutrient quality of individual food items by ranking them according to their nutrient composition. The index reflects the nutrient density of the overall diet. We examined the associations between the NRF9.3 index-a score on the basis of nine beneficial nutrients (protein, fiber, vitamins and ...
Redding L E LE a School of Veterinary Medicine , University of Pennsylvania , Philadelphia , - - 2014
The use of antibiotics in livestock can pose a public health threat, especially if antibiotic residues remain in the food product. Understanding how often and why farmers sell products with antibiotic residues is critical to improving the quality of these products. To understand how often milk with antibiotic residues is ...
Tlustos C C a Food Safety Authority of Ireland , Dublin 1, - - 2014
Irish monitoring data on PCDD/Fs, DL-PCBs and marker PCBs were collated and combined with Irish adult food consumption data, to estimate dietary background exposure of adults (18-90 years of age) living in Ireland to dioxins and PCBs. The average upperbound daily intake of dioxins Total WHO TEQ (2005) (PCDD/Fs & DL-PCBs) ...
Mekonen Seblework S Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Department of Environmental Health Sciences and Technology, Jimma University, Jimma, - - 2014
Samples of maize, teff, red pepper and coffee (green bean and coffee bean with pulp) were collected from a local market in Jimma zone, Ethiopia. Samples were analyzed for the occurrence of cypermethrin, permethrin, deltamethrin, chlorpyrifos ethyl, DTT and its metabolites, and endosulfan (α, β). In the analytical procedure, the ...
Respondek F F Innovation Department, Tereos Syral, Marckolsheim, - - 2014
Background/objectives:To evaluate the short-term digestive tolerance and glycaemic response of several associations of maltitol and short-chain fructo-oligosaccharides (scFOS) used to replace sugars (for example, dextrose) in foods.Subjects/methods:Thirty-six healthy subjects aged 18-60 years were recruited for the study and 32 completed it. The subjects consumed six different mixtures of dextrose, maltitol ...
Rodriguez-Lazaro David D Subdirección de Investigación y Tecnología, Instituto Tecnológico Agrario de Castilla y León (ITACyL), Carretera de Burgos Km, 119, Valladolid, Spain; Microbiology Section, Faculty of Sciences, University of Burgos, Plaza Misael Bauñuelos s/n, 9001 Burgos, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The microbiological standard for detection of Listeria monocytogenes relies on several cultural steps and requires 7days for final confirmation, and due to food distribution and market demands, there is a prevailing need for an alternative methodology for its detection. The aim of this study was to compare different detection strategies ...
Combet E E Human Nutrition, School of Medicine, College of Medical Veterinary and Life Sciences, University of Glasgow, Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Glasgow, - - 2014
Widespread subclinical iodine insufficiency has recently been reported in Europe, based on urinary iodine using World Health Organization/Food and Agriculture Organization criteria, in particular among young women. Although urinary iodine concentration (UIC) is a useful measurement of the iodine status in a population, it does not provide an insight into ...
Sharp Darren B DB Department of Nutrition and Metabolism, School of Molecular Bioscience, The University of Sydney, Camperdown, - - 2014
Current limitations of conventional dietary assessment methods restrict the establishment of diet-disease relationships and efficacy of dietary interventions. Technology, in particular the use of mobile phones, may help resolve methodologic limitations, in turn improving the validity of dietary assessment and research and associated findings. This review aims to evaluate the ...
Larson Nicole N Nicole Larson, Peter J. Hannan, Melissa N. Laska, and Dianne Neumark-Sztainer are with Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis. Jayne A. Fulkerson is with Center for Child and Family Health Promotion Research, School of Nursing, University of Minnesota. Marla E. Eisenberg is with Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Health, Medical School, University of - - 2014
We examined trends from 1999 to 2010 in adolescents' self-reported fast-food restaurant use alongside maternal reports of fast-food consumption and purchasing from restaurants for family meals. Middle- and high-school student participants from Minneapolis-St Paul, Minnesota, represented diverse ethnic/racial and socioeconomic backgrounds. Adolescents completed classroom-administered surveys and maternal caregivers responded by ...
Mpofu Augustine A Department of Food Science and Technology, Chinhoyi University of Technology, P. Bag 7724 Chinhoyi, Zimbabwe; Food Quality and Design, Wageningen University, Bornse Weilanden 9, 6708 WG, Wageningen, the Netherlands; Laboratory of Food Microbiology, Wageningen University, Bornse Weilanden 9, 6708 WG, Wageningen, the - - 2014
A probiotic dairy product was developed on the basis of a traditional dish called mutandabota to enable resource-poor populations in southern Africa to benefit from a functional food. Mutandabota is widely consumed in rural southern Africa, making it an ideal food matrix to carry probiotics. First, a process to produce ...
Carlson Andrea A US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The high obesity rates and poor diet quality in the United States, particularly among low income populations, are often attributed to low income, low food access, and high food prices of healthy foods. This paper discusses these associations and questions some of the metrics used to measure food prices. The ...
Marrero Naomi M NM Cardiovascular Sciences, and Division of Population Health Sciences and Education, St. George's University of London, London, United Kingdom; and Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Barts and The London School of Medicine & Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, United - - 2014
Since 2003/2004, the United Kingdom has implemented a salt reduction campaign; however, there are no data on salt intake in children as assessed by 24-hour urinary sodium, the gold standard method, to inform this campaign. We performed a cross-sectional study, involving South London school children across 3 age tiers: young ...
Bryant Maria M 1 Leeds Institute of Clinical Trials Research, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, - - 2014
Knowledge of the types and quantities of foods and drinks available in family homes supports the development of targeted intervention programmes for obesity prevention or management, or for overall diet improvement. In the UK, contemporary data on foods that are available within family homes are lacking. The present study aimed ...
Zoidou Evangelia E Laboratory of Dairy Research, Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Agricultural University of Athens, Iera Odos 75, Athens 11855, Greece; Department of Pharmacognosy and Natural Products Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografou, Athens 15771, - - 2014
Oleuropein is a bioactive natural product from olives known to display a broad variety of health beneficial properties. However its presence in most edible olives is lowered due to debittering. In this respect, we envisaged the incorporation of oleuropein into dairy products (cow's milk and yogurt) aiming to produce novel ...
Sahyoun Nadine R NR Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Maryland, College Park, - - 2014
The objective of this article is to describe 1) the validation of 2 similar but not identical food security modules used to collect data from 2 vulnerable populations, southern Lebanon residents (n = 815) and Palestinian refugees in Lebanon (n = 2501), and 2) the development and validation of an ...
Wrieden W L WL School of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, - - 2014
Energy density (ED) is a measure of the energy content of a food component or diet relative to a standard unit of weight. Widespread variation in ED assessment methodologies exist. The present study aimed to explore the feasibility of calculating the ED of the Scottish diet using UK food purchase ...
Wong Waiky W K WW a Risk Assessment Section , Centre for Food Safety, Food and Environmental Hygiene Department , Hong Kong , - - 2014
Abstract The use of pesticides and other chemicals has become a common practice in modern agriculture, to enhance and stabilise crop yield, protect the nutritional integrity of food, facilitate food storage to assure year-round supplies and provide attractive and appealing food products. With the adoption of strict Good Agricultural Practice ...
Walsh Helen H Dept. of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Univ. of Vermont, Burlington, VT, 05045, - - 2014
Drinkable yogurt is a popular beverage in the United States and there may be a niche for carbonated drinkable yogurt in the functional foods market. Pomegranate (P) and vanilla (V) yogurt beverages were formulated, containing inulin as a prebiotic, along with probiotic bacteria Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium, to produce symbiotic ...
Malik Abida - - 2014
Background: Aflatoxins are a metabolite of Aspergillus molds and are widespread in the natural environment. Workers who handle food grains are at increased risk of exposure to aflatoxins and subsequently certain respiratory conditions. In India, more than half of the employed population is engaged in some type of agricultural work, ...
Luyt David D University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester, - - 2014
This guideline advises on the management of patients with cow's milk allergy. Cow's milk allergy presents in the first year of life with estimated population prevalence between 2 and 3%. The clinical manifestations of cow's milk allergy are very variable in type and severity making it the most difficult food ...
Mabli James J Mathematica Policy Research, Cambridge, - - 2014
This article investigates the association between Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation and child food security by using data from the largest national survey of the food security of SNAP participants to date. The analysis used a survey of nearly 3000 households with children and a quasi-experimental research design that ...
Lim Ho-Soo HS Food Additives and Packages Division, Ministry of Food and Drug Safety, Osong Health Technology Administration Complex, 187 Osong, Chungcheongbuk-do 363-951, Republic of - - 2014
A simple and rapid method has been developed and validated for the determination of carmine in foods. Samples were homogenised and extracted with 0.05M NaOH, followed by centrifugation. The resulting solution was filtered and injected to HPLC. Carmine was separated by HPLC using an NovaPak C18 column coupled to a ...
Shah Dheeraj D Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, University College of Medical Sciences (University of Delhi) and Guru Tegh Bahadur Hospital, Dilshad Garden, Delhi, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the order of complementary feeding in relation to breast-feeding affects breast milk, semisolid, or total energy intake in infants. The present study was designed as a randomized crossover trial. The study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital. The study ...
Barbieri P P Graduate Program in Community Health, Riberão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, - - 2014
Previous studies conducted among pregnant women to test the accuracy of food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) for estimating food group intake were restricted to one specific trimester of pregnancy. The present study aimed to validate a FFQ for assessing the intake of food groups throughout pregnancy. In total, 75 adult pregnant ...
Toloni Maysa Helena de A MH Unifesp, Sao Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Objective: To identify the age of introduction of petit suisse cheese and instant noodles in the diet of infants attending nurseries of public day care centers and to compare the nutritional composition of these foods with the healthy recommended diet (breast milk and salt meal) for this age, in order ...
Heo Eun Jeong EJ Food Microbiology Division, Food Safety Evaluation Department, Ministry of Food and Drug Safety, Cheongwon 363-951, South - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the detection of Listeria monocytogenes in different ready-to-eat foods using real-time PCR (RT-PCR). Various concentrations (10(0) to 10(5) CFU/ml) of L. monocytogenes ATCC 19115 were inoculated into ham, sausage, ground meat, processed milk, cheese, and infant formula. L. monocytogenes ATCC 19115 in ...
Segura-García Cristina C Outpatient Unit for Treatment and Clinical Research in Eating Disorders, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Mater Domini, Catanzaro, Italy; Department of Health Sciences, University Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, - - 2014
Eating disorders (ED) are characterized by alterations in food choice and in the quantity and quality of nutrient intake. In a population of 124 female patients with ED (anorexia nervosa restricting subtype [AN-R, n=37]; AN bingeing-purging subtype [AN-BP, n=18]; bulimia nervosa purging subtype [BN-P, n=40]; and binge eating disorder [BED, ...
Rosen Jamie J Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, - - 2014
Studies reveal deficits in caregivers' ability to prevent and treat food-allergic reactions with epinephrine and a consumer preference for validated educational materials in audiovisual formats. This study was designed to create brief, validated educational videos on food allergen avoidance and emergency management of anaphylaxis for caregivers of children with food ...
Singh Abhishek - - 2014
Information on the association between household food insecurity and nutritional status of children and women based on a nationally representative sample is not available from Nepal. To examine the association between food insecurity and nutritional status of children and married women in Nepal using data from the 2011 Nepal Demographic ...
Nyman Patricia J - - 2014
Recent studies showed that headspace and purge and trap methods have limitations when used to determine volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in foods, including matrix effects and artifact formation from precursors present in the sample matrix or from thermal decomposition. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Method 8261A liberates VOCs from the sample ...
Akan Ay┼čegül A Division of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Ankara Children's Hematology Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors of disease severity to facilitate better management of children with severe atopic dermatitis (AD). All the patients were diagnosed using Hanifin-Rajka criteria. After medical and family histories were obtained and a detailed physical examination was performed, disease severity was ...
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