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Karadağ Mevlüde - - 2014
For over a century, the discontinuation of oral food intake preoperatively after midnight has been routinely applied. Although routine fasting during the night before elective surgery has been abandoned by many modern centers, preoperative fasting after midnight continues as a routine practice. The purpose of this study was to determine ...
Segal Idit I *Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition Unit, Wolfson Medical Center, Holon †School of Nutritional Sciences, Hebrew University, Rehovot ‡Epidemiology Unit, Wolfson Medical, Center, Tel Aviv University, - - 2014
Infantile feeding disorders (IFDs) are common causes of food refusal and failure to thrive, and are frequently encountered by primary care physicians and specialists. We have published the Wolfson criteria for IFD, which have eased the approach to the diagnosis of IFDs. Along with and complementary to the Wolfson criteria, ...
Nozue Miho M National Institute of Health and Nutrition Toyama 1-23-1, Shinjuku, Tokyo, 162-8636, Japan. kazu@nih.go.jp; - - 2014
Food stockpiles and methods of ensuring food availability after the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 11, 2011 have been studied. Questionnaires were sent to 1911 registered dietitians and general dietitians who were members of the Japan Dietetic Association in August 2012. Four hundred thirty-five dietitians (22.8%) completed the questionnaire ...
Hinnig Patrícia de Fragas Pde F School of Public Health, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Objective: To present and discuss the process of the development of a Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (QFFQ) aimed to 7-10 year-old children. Methods: A methodological study was performed based on the application of a Food Diary (FD) fulfilled by 85 children. Based on registered foods, the diet composition in relation ...
Souza Fabíola Isabel Suano de FI PhD in Sciences from Unifesp. Affiliate Professor at the Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine of ABC, Santo André, SP, Brazil, Santo André, SP, - - 2014
Objective: to evaluate the complementary feeding practices for infants, focusing on the main pureed baby foods, and verify adherence to the guidelines adopted in Brazil. Methods: through cross-sectional study, aspects of complementary feeding of 404 healthy infants between 4 and 9 months of age (São Paulo, Curitiba and Recife) were ...
Bhatt Hema H G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand, - - 2014
There are many rice mills and food grain depots where a large number of workers are engaged for processing paddy and rice, storage and distribution. Lifting, carrying and depositing sacs of food grain are the major jobs carried out by these workers. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the ...
Lyu Li-Ching LC Graduate Program for Nutritional Science and Education, Department of Human Development and Family Studies, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this methodology study is to examine the relative validity of four dietary assessment methods during pregnancy and to understand the pros and cons of each method. We recruited 181 healthy pregnant women with less than 20 weeks of gestation and collected information through personal and telephone interviews ...
Fierens C - - 2014
Medicines and food supplements containing anthranoid herbal drug preparations were verified on identity of the herbal substance, content of total hydroxyanthracene glycosides and microbiological quality. All examined medicines complied with the fixed requirements whereas all food supplements deviated from 1 or more of the criteria. The food supplements showed a ...
Jessri Mahsa - - 2014
Food insecurity is a mounting concern among Canadian post-secondary students. This study was conducted to evaluate the content of food hampers distributed by University of Alberta Campus Food Bank (CFB) and to assess the cost savings to students, using these hampers. Contents of hampers distributed among 1,857 students and their ...
Geniez Perrine - - 2014
Current tools assessing affordability of nutritious diets are incomplete. "Food poverty" uses expenditure data to identify households unable to acquire a diet adequate in energy but does not consider other nutrients. The "minimum cost of a nutritious diet" method provides a threshold for purchasing a nutritious diet but must rely ...
Lu Bing B Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Milk consumption has long been recognized for its important role in bone health, but its role in the progression of knee osteoarthritis (OA) is unclear. We examined the prospective association of milk consumption with radiographic progression of knee OA. In the Osteoarthritis Initiative, 2,148 participants (3,064 knees) with radiographic knee ...
Wada Taizo T Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Institute of Medical, Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, - - 2014
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is an uncommon, non-immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated food allergy that usually occurs in young infants (1). Patients with FPIES exhibit profuse vomiting, lethargy, pallor and diarrhea, which typically occur 1 to 4 h after the ingestion of the causative food. The most common causative foods are ...
Miyaoka Yozo Y Department of Health and Nutrition, Niigata University of Health and Welfare , 1398 Shimami-cho, Kita-ku, Niigata 950-3198 , Japan - - 2014
Abstract Masseter activity patterns during chewing, which were quantitatively assessed using T50 values, were compared between the right and left sides of healthy young males. Surface electromyograms were recorded from both masseters, and each participant was asked to chew four different agar samples at his own pace across two separate ...
Brown Mary V MV a Department of Public and Community Health , Utah Valley University , Orem , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To determine the effects of a nutrition information intervention on the vending machine purchases on a college campus. Participants and Methods: Five high use vending machines were selected for the intervention which was conducted in the fall of 2011. Baseline sales data was collected in the five machines ...
Caubet Jean Christoph JC Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Jaffe Food Allergy Institute, Kravis Children's Hospital, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York; Division of Pediatric Allergy, University Hospital of - - 2014
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a non-IgE-mediated food allergy. FPIES diagnosis is frequently delayed because of the absence of classic allergic symptoms and lack of biomarkers. We sought to characterize the clinical features and resolution of FPIES in patients evaluated in our practice. Subjects 6 months to 45 years ...
Jobling Purser B J BJ Sustainable Environment Research Centre, Faculty of Computing, Engineering and Science, University of South Wales, Pontypridd, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Titration methodologies have been used for the many years for low cost routine monitoring of full scale anaerobic digestion plants. These methodologies have been correlated to indicate the carbonate alkalinity and the volatile fatty acids (VFA) content within digesters. Two commonly used two end-point titration methods were compared using a ...
Urke Helga Bjørnøy HB Departments of Health Promotion and Development, - - 2014
Assess sensitivity and specificity of each of the 18 US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Household Food Security Scale Module (HFSSM) questionnaire items to determine whether a rapid assessment of child and adult food insecurity is feasible in an Inuit population.METHODS: Food insecurity prevalence was assessed by the 18-item USDA HFSSM ...
Ricchi M M Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Lombardia e dell'Emilia Romagna, National Reference Centre for Paratuberculosis, Strada Faggiola 1, 29027 -loc. Gariga, Podenzano, PC, - - 2014
The causative agent of paratuberculosis in ruminants, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP), although still a matter of debate, has been linked with Crohn's and other human diseases. The availability of rapid methods for assessing the viability of MAP cells in food, in particular milk, could be of great use for ...
Baron Patrick A PA Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA; Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2014
Pharmaceutical drugs are extensively used in industrial food animal production. We examined whether residues of veterinary antibiotics and other pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) were detectable in a small market-basket sample of retail chicken (n=39), ground beef (n=3) and milk (n=3) samples. High-performance liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry ...
Byker Carmen J CJ Department of Health and Human Development, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the amount of food waste by meal components according to the new National School Lunch Program guidelines among pre-kindergarten and kindergarten students. For 5 consecutive school days in 1 elementary school, the research team collected school lunch trays and separated meal components into bins relative to each food ...
Nikolic Jasna J Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Belgrade, Studentski trg 16, 11000 Belgrade, - - 2014
Banana fruit (Musa acuminata) has become an important food allergen source in recent years. So far, 5 IgE reactive banana proteins have been identified, and the major allergens are: Mus a 2 (a class I chitinase, 31kDa), Mus a 4 (thaumatin-like protein, 21kDa), and Mus a 5 (β-1,3-glucanase, 33kDa). Due ...
Kim Jihye J Department of Clinical Nutrition, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Dongduk Women's University, 23-1 Wolgok-dong, Sungbuk-gu, Seoul, 136-714, Republic of - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to identify major dietary patterns and to investigate the association between dietary patterns and cognitive function in older adults. This is a cross-sectional study. The data from the Korean Multi-Rural Communities Cohort Study, which is a part of the Korean Genome Epidemiology Study, were ...
Li Yongxin Y West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University, No. 17, Section 3, South Renmin Road, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, People's Republic of - - 2014
The combination of the molecular technique, the multivariate strategy and microchip capillary electrophoresis (MCE) was applied to rapid and sensitive analysis of genetically modified (GM) soybean in food samples. A multiplex-touchdown polymerase chain reaction (PCR) system was developed for simultaneously amplifying three target sequences in Roundup Ready soybean (RRS). Response ...
Alfthan Georg G National Institute of Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite different geological features the Nordic countries are generally selenium-poor areas. In each country various factors such as food importation and life-style determine the selenium (Se) intake. Due to an extremely low Se intake in the 1970s in Finland, 0.025mg/day, an official decision was made in 1984 to supplement multinutrient ...
Darmon Nicole - - 2014
Prices are an important determinant of food choices. Consequently, food price policies (subsidies and/or taxes) are proposed to improve the nutritional quality of diets. The aim of the present study was to explore the impact of food price policies on the expenditures and nutritional quality of the food baskets chosen ...
Belskii Eugen E Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Eighth March Street 202, Yekaterinburg 620144, Russia. Electronic address: - - 2014
During the years 1989-91, 1997-2003, and 2005-07, we studied how emissions from the Middle Urals copper smelter affect snail availability and reproduction of free-living pied flycatchers (Ficedula hypoleuca). We counted snail shells dropped in nests and analysed food samples of nestlings. Pied flycatchers brought to nestlings fewer shells in heavily ...
Yang Su-Jeong - - 2014
Streptococcus mutans is frequently associated with dental caries. Bacterial fermentation of food debris generates an acidic environment on the tooth surface, ultimately resulting in tooth deterioration. Therefore, various mouthwashes have been used to reduce and prevent S. mutans. The aim of this study was to evaluate antimicrobial activity of 4 ...
Pauwels Sara S KU Leuven, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Centre Environment & Health , Leuven , Belgium - - 2014
Abstract In this study, the intake of methyl-group donors (methionine, folate, betaine, and choline) among Flemish women of reproductive age (n = 30) assessed by a 7-d estimated diet record (7 d EDR) and food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was compared with plasma S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH), and SAH:SAM ratio. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated ...
Eisinger-Watzl Marianne M Department of Nutritional Behaviour, Max Rubner-Institut, Federal Research Institute of Nutrition and Food, Haid-und-Neu-Str. 9, 76131, Karlsruhe, Germany, - - 2014
To further characterise the performance of the diet history method and the 24-h recalls method, both in an updated version, a comparison was conducted. The National Nutrition Survey II, representative for Germany, assessed food consumption with both methods. The comparison was conducted in a sample of 9,968 participants aged 14-80. ...
Ran-Ressler Rinat Rivka RR Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell - - 2014
Branched-chain fatty acids (BCFA) are bioactive food components that constitute about 2 % of fatty acids in cows' milk fat. There are few systematic data available on the BCFA content of other foods to estimate dietary intakes. In the present study, we report BCFA distribution and content of fresh and processed ...
Hilbig A A Research Institute of Child Nutrition Dortmund (FKE), Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, - - 2014
Objectives:Adequacy of dietary intake in the sensitive period of toddler development is a key determinant of health in a short- and long-term perspective. Therefore, studies focussing the nutrition of toddlers are of importance. For this purpose, tailored dietary record methods are an important prerequisite. The objective of this work is to ...
Kang M M Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Although there is an increasing trend of dietary supplement (DS) use, few researches have evaluated nutrient intake from DS. This study aimed to establish a nutrient database (NDB) for DS and estimate the effect of DS on total nutrient intake by Korean adults.Subjects/Methods:The NDB for DS was established using the ...
Jiang Hong H Institute of Environmental Safety and Human Health, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325035, PR - - 2014
This study was designed to estimate the human risk to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) exposure via two main exposure routes (dust and diet) in an e-waste recycling area in southern China. A total of 134 dust samples and 129 food samples were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The mean ...
Morlock Gertrud E GE Institute of Nutritional Science, Chair of Food Science, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26-32, 35392 Giessen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
A high-performance TLC (HPTLC) method was newly developed and validated for analysis of 7 steviol glycosides in 6 different types of food and Stevia formulations. After a minimized one-step sample preparation, 21 samples were developed in parallel, allowing an effective food screening. Depending on the sample application volume, the method ...
Rimkus Leah - - 2014
Abstract Purpose . To develop a reliable observational data collection instrument to measure characteristics of the fast-food restaurant environment likely to influence consumer behaviors, including product availability, pricing, and promotion. Design . The study used observational data collection. Setting . Restaurants were in the Chicago Metropolitan Statistical Area. Subjects . ...
Kuchta T T Department of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Food Research Institute, Priemyselná 4, SK-82475, Bratislava 26, - - 2014
In the last decade, nucleic acid-based methods gradually started to replace or complement the culture-based methods and immunochemical assays in routine laboratories involved in food control. In particular, real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was technically developed to the stage of good speed, sensitivity and reproducibility, at minimized risk of carryover ...
Portarena S S Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Biologia Agroambientale e Forestale, 05010 Porano (TR), Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Authentication of food origin is relevant to avoid food fraud. This work aimed to explore the variation of isotopic compositions (δ(13)C, δ(18)O) of extra-virgin olive oils from Italy growing in different environmental conditions. A total of 387 oil samples from nine different regions (from North to South), produced on 2009, ...
Lago M A MA Department of Analytical Chemistry, Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Santiago de Compostela, 15782, Santiago de Compostela, - - 2014
Photoinitiators (PIs) are components of UV-cured inks widely used in printing of food packaging. These substances can migrate into food and may be a hazard to human health. High-performance liquid chromatography with diode-array detection (HPLC-DAD) has been used for analysis of PIs and amine synergists in food packaging. Analysis was ...
Nwaru B I BI School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland; Allergy & Respiratory Research Group, Center for Population Health Sciences, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2014
Allergy to cow's milk, egg, wheat, soy, peanut, tree nuts, fish, and shellfish constitutes the majority of food allergy reactions, but reliable estimates of their prevalence are lacking. This systematic review aimed to provide up-to-date estimates of their prevalence in Europe.Studies published in Europe from January 1, 2000, to September ...
Sun Lijuan L Clinical Nutrition Research Centre, Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, 14 Medical Drive, #07-02, Singapore, 117599, Singapore, - - 2014
White rice is the main staple for the majority in the world. The effects of protein, fat and vegetables on the glycaemic and insulinaemic responses to a white rice-based meal have not been reported. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of co-ingesting a high-protein food (breast ...
Holst M M Centre for Nutrition and Bowel Disease, Department of Gastroenterology, Aalborg University Hospital and Aalborg University, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Good nutritional practice (GNP) includes screening, nutrition plan and monitoring, and is mandatory for targeted treatment of malnourished patients in hospital. To optimize energy- and protein-intake in patients at nutritional risk and to improve GNP in a hospital setting. A 12-months observational multi-modal intervention study was done, using the top-down ...
Turkec Aydin A Department of Plant and Animal Production, Vocational School of Mustafa Kemalpasa, University of Uludag, 16500, Bursa, - - 2014
Soybean is one of the most important biotech crops, widely used as an ingredient in both foodstuffs and feed. DNA extraction methods have been evaluated to detect the presence of GM materials in soya-containing food and feed products commercialised in Turkey. All extraction methods performed well for the majority of ...
Rodríguez-Sánchez J J Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital General Universitario de Ciudad Real, Ciudad Real, - - 2014
Skin testing-guided elimination diet has proved unsuccessful for adult eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE), whereas empiric six-food elimination diet (SFED) achieves an efficacy of 70%. To compare the efficacy of food-specific serum IgE-targeted elimination diet (sIgE-ED) and SFED. Prospective study in adult patients with EoE. Food-specific serum IgE, skin prick test (SPT) ...
Veldhuis A M B AM GD Animal Health, PO Box 9, AA Deventer 7400, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Schmallenberg virus (SBV), a novel orthobunyavirus that rapidly spread throughout north-western Europe in 2011, caused congenital malformations in lambs and goat kids (Van den Brom et al., 2012) and newborn calves (Hoffmann et al., 2012). The impact of the SBV epidemic seemed limited however, in terms of the number of ...
Monjardino Teresa T Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Predictive Medicine and Public Health, University of Porto Medical School, Porto, Portugal, - - 2014
Dietary pattern analysis may uncover the joint effects of multiple dietary components on bone health, but such research is scarce and targets mostly adults. We quantified prospective associations between dietary patterns and bone mineral density (BMD) in 1,007 adolescents of a cohort born in 1990 and recruited at schools in ...
Hideno Akihiro A Paper Industry Innovation Center, Ehime Univ, 127 Mendori-cho, Shikokuchuo, Ehime, 799-0113, - - 2014
This study reports the preparation and characterization of nanofibers consisting mainly of cellulose microfibrils from orange peel (OP), which is a significant byproduct of orange juice production. Three treatments (boiling, alkaline, and pectinase) were investigated with and without subsequent grinding treatment. It was possible to prepare the cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) ...
Al Aïn Syrina S Developmental Ethology and Cognitive Psychology Group, Centre des Sciences du Goût, Dijon, - - 2014
It is a general rule that milk conveys chemosensory cues that are attractive to mammalian neonates. This study investigated whether compositional fluctuations in milk along lactation induce variations in newborn mouse pups' (Mus musculus, strain BALB/c) attraction to milk odor. Pups differing in suckling experience were exposed to the odor ...
Boles Richard E RE University of Colorado Denver, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to refine and psychometrically test an instrument measuring the home food and activity environment of geographically and economically diverse families of preschool aged children. Caregivers of preschool aged children (n = 83) completed a modified self-report questionnaire. Reliably trained researchers conducted independent observations on ...
Mani-López E E Departamento de Ingeniería Química, Alimentos y Ambiental, Universidad de las Américas Puebla, Cholula, Puebla 72810, - - 2014
Currently, the food industry wants to expand the range of probiotic yogurts but each probiotic bacteria offers different and specific health benefits. Little information exists on the influence of probiotic strains on physicochemical properties and sensory characteristics of yogurts and fermented milks. Six probiotic yogurts or fermented milks and 1 ...
Stasiewicz Matthew J MJ Department of Food Science, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA. - - 2014
In a 2005 analysis of a potential bioterror attack on the food supply involving a botulinum toxin release into the milk supply, the authors recommended adopting a toxin inactivation step during milk processing. In response, some dairy processors increased the times and temperatures of pasteurization well above the legal minimum ...
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