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Darmon Nicole - - 2014
Prices are an important determinant of food choices. Consequently, food price policies (subsidies and/or taxes) are proposed to improve the nutritional quality of diets. The aim of the present study was to explore the impact of food price policies on the expenditures and nutritional quality of the food baskets chosen ...
Belskii Eugen E Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Eighth March Street 202, Yekaterinburg 620144, Russia. Electronic address: - - 2014
During the years 1989-91, 1997-2003, and 2005-07, we studied how emissions from the Middle Urals copper smelter affect snail availability and reproduction of free-living pied flycatchers (Ficedula hypoleuca). We counted snail shells dropped in nests and analysed food samples of nestlings. Pied flycatchers brought to nestlings fewer shells in heavily ...
Yang Su-Jeong - - 2014
Streptococcus mutans is frequently associated with dental caries. Bacterial fermentation of food debris generates an acidic environment on the tooth surface, ultimately resulting in tooth deterioration. Therefore, various mouthwashes have been used to reduce and prevent S. mutans. The aim of this study was to evaluate antimicrobial activity of 4 ...
Pauwels Sara S KU Leuven, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Centre Environment & Health , Leuven , Belgium - - 2014
Abstract In this study, the intake of methyl-group donors (methionine, folate, betaine, and choline) among Flemish women of reproductive age (n = 30) assessed by a 7-d estimated diet record (7 d EDR) and food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was compared with plasma S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH), and SAH:SAM ratio. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated ...
Eisinger-Watzl Marianne M Department of Nutritional Behaviour, Max Rubner-Institut, Federal Research Institute of Nutrition and Food, Haid-und-Neu-Str. 9, 76131, Karlsruhe, Germany, - - 2014
To further characterise the performance of the diet history method and the 24-h recalls method, both in an updated version, a comparison was conducted. The National Nutrition Survey II, representative for Germany, assessed food consumption with both methods. The comparison was conducted in a sample of 9,968 participants aged 14-80. ...
Ran-Ressler Rinat Rivka RR Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell - - 2014
Branched-chain fatty acids (BCFA) are bioactive food components that constitute about 2 % of fatty acids in cows' milk fat. There are few systematic data available on the BCFA content of other foods to estimate dietary intakes. In the present study, we report BCFA distribution and content of fresh and processed ...
Hilbig A A Research Institute of Child Nutrition Dortmund (FKE), Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, - - 2014
Objectives:Adequacy of dietary intake in the sensitive period of toddler development is a key determinant of health in a short- and long-term perspective. Therefore, studies focussing the nutrition of toddlers are of importance. For this purpose, tailored dietary record methods are an important prerequisite. The objective of this work is to ...
Kang M M Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Although there is an increasing trend of dietary supplement (DS) use, few researches have evaluated nutrient intake from DS. This study aimed to establish a nutrient database (NDB) for DS and estimate the effect of DS on total nutrient intake by Korean adults.Subjects/Methods:The NDB for DS was established using the ...
Jiang Hong H Institute of Environmental Safety and Human Health, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325035, PR - - 2014
This study was designed to estimate the human risk to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) exposure via two main exposure routes (dust and diet) in an e-waste recycling area in southern China. A total of 134 dust samples and 129 food samples were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The mean ...
Morlock Gertrud E GE Institute of Nutritional Science, Chair of Food Science, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26-32, 35392 Giessen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
A high-performance TLC (HPTLC) method was newly developed and validated for analysis of 7 steviol glycosides in 6 different types of food and Stevia formulations. After a minimized one-step sample preparation, 21 samples were developed in parallel, allowing an effective food screening. Depending on the sample application volume, the method ...
Rimkus Leah - - 2014
Abstract Purpose . To develop a reliable observational data collection instrument to measure characteristics of the fast-food restaurant environment likely to influence consumer behaviors, including product availability, pricing, and promotion. Design . The study used observational data collection. Setting . Restaurants were in the Chicago Metropolitan Statistical Area. Subjects . ...
Kuchta T T Department of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Food Research Institute, Priemyselná 4, SK-82475, Bratislava 26, - - 2014
In the last decade, nucleic acid-based methods gradually started to replace or complement the culture-based methods and immunochemical assays in routine laboratories involved in food control. In particular, real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was technically developed to the stage of good speed, sensitivity and reproducibility, at minimized risk of carryover ...
Portarena S S Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Biologia Agroambientale e Forestale, 05010 Porano (TR), Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Authentication of food origin is relevant to avoid food fraud. This work aimed to explore the variation of isotopic compositions (δ(13)C, δ(18)O) of extra-virgin olive oils from Italy growing in different environmental conditions. A total of 387 oil samples from nine different regions (from North to South), produced on 2009, ...
Lago M A MA Department of Analytical Chemistry, Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Santiago de Compostela, 15782, Santiago de Compostela, - - 2014
Photoinitiators (PIs) are components of UV-cured inks widely used in printing of food packaging. These substances can migrate into food and may be a hazard to human health. High-performance liquid chromatography with diode-array detection (HPLC-DAD) has been used for analysis of PIs and amine synergists in food packaging. Analysis was ...
Nwaru B I BI School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland; Allergy & Respiratory Research Group, Center for Population Health Sciences, The University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, - - 2014
Allergy to cow's milk, egg, wheat, soy, peanut, tree nuts, fish, and shellfish constitutes the majority of food allergy reactions, but reliable estimates of their prevalence are lacking. This systematic review aimed to provide up-to-date estimates of their prevalence in Europe.Studies published in Europe from January 1, 2000, to September ...
Sun Lijuan L Clinical Nutrition Research Centre, Singapore Institute for Clinical Sciences, 14 Medical Drive, #07-02, Singapore, 117599, Singapore, - - 2014
White rice is the main staple for the majority in the world. The effects of protein, fat and vegetables on the glycaemic and insulinaemic responses to a white rice-based meal have not been reported. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of co-ingesting a high-protein food (breast ...
Holst M M Centre for Nutrition and Bowel Disease, Department of Gastroenterology, Aalborg University Hospital and Aalborg University, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Good nutritional practice (GNP) includes screening, nutrition plan and monitoring, and is mandatory for targeted treatment of malnourished patients in hospital. To optimize energy- and protein-intake in patients at nutritional risk and to improve GNP in a hospital setting. A 12-months observational multi-modal intervention study was done, using the top-down ...
Turkec Aydin A Department of Plant and Animal Production, Vocational School of Mustafa Kemalpasa, University of Uludag, 16500, Bursa, - - 2014
Soybean is one of the most important biotech crops, widely used as an ingredient in both foodstuffs and feed. DNA extraction methods have been evaluated to detect the presence of GM materials in soya-containing food and feed products commercialised in Turkey. All extraction methods performed well for the majority of ...
Rodríguez-Sánchez J J Department of Gastroenterology, Hospital General Universitario de Ciudad Real, Ciudad Real, - - 2014
Skin testing-guided elimination diet has proved unsuccessful for adult eosinophilic oesophagitis (EoE), whereas empiric six-food elimination diet (SFED) achieves an efficacy of 70%. To compare the efficacy of food-specific serum IgE-targeted elimination diet (sIgE-ED) and SFED. Prospective study in adult patients with EoE. Food-specific serum IgE, skin prick test (SPT) ...
Veldhuis A M B AM GD Animal Health, PO Box 9, AA Deventer 7400, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Schmallenberg virus (SBV), a novel orthobunyavirus that rapidly spread throughout north-western Europe in 2011, caused congenital malformations in lambs and goat kids (Van den Brom et al., 2012) and newborn calves (Hoffmann et al., 2012). The impact of the SBV epidemic seemed limited however, in terms of the number of ...
Monjardino Teresa T Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Predictive Medicine and Public Health, University of Porto Medical School, Porto, Portugal, - - 2014
Dietary pattern analysis may uncover the joint effects of multiple dietary components on bone health, but such research is scarce and targets mostly adults. We quantified prospective associations between dietary patterns and bone mineral density (BMD) in 1,007 adolescents of a cohort born in 1990 and recruited at schools in ...
Hideno Akihiro A Paper Industry Innovation Center, Ehime Univ, 127 Mendori-cho, Shikokuchuo, Ehime, 799-0113, - - 2014
This study reports the preparation and characterization of nanofibers consisting mainly of cellulose microfibrils from orange peel (OP), which is a significant byproduct of orange juice production. Three treatments (boiling, alkaline, and pectinase) were investigated with and without subsequent grinding treatment. It was possible to prepare the cellulose nanofibers (CNFs) ...
Al Aïn Syrina S Developmental Ethology and Cognitive Psychology Group, Centre des Sciences du Goût, Dijon, - - 2014
It is a general rule that milk conveys chemosensory cues that are attractive to mammalian neonates. This study investigated whether compositional fluctuations in milk along lactation induce variations in newborn mouse pups' (Mus musculus, strain BALB/c) attraction to milk odor. Pups differing in suckling experience were exposed to the odor ...
Boles Richard E RE University of Colorado Denver, Anschutz Medical Campus, Aurora, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to refine and psychometrically test an instrument measuring the home food and activity environment of geographically and economically diverse families of preschool aged children. Caregivers of preschool aged children (n = 83) completed a modified self-report questionnaire. Reliably trained researchers conducted independent observations on ...
Mani-López E E Departamento de Ingeniería Química, Alimentos y Ambiental, Universidad de las Américas Puebla, Cholula, Puebla 72810, - - 2014
Currently, the food industry wants to expand the range of probiotic yogurts but each probiotic bacteria offers different and specific health benefits. Little information exists on the influence of probiotic strains on physicochemical properties and sensory characteristics of yogurts and fermented milks. Six probiotic yogurts or fermented milks and 1 ...
Stasiewicz Matthew J MJ Department of Food Science, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA. - - 2014
In a 2005 analysis of a potential bioterror attack on the food supply involving a botulinum toxin release into the milk supply, the authors recommended adopting a toxin inactivation step during milk processing. In response, some dairy processors increased the times and temperatures of pasteurization well above the legal minimum ...
Nyarko Esmond E Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Vermont, 109 Carrigan Drive, Bington, Vermont 05405, - - 2014
Listeria selective enrichment media are designed to enhance the isolation of the organism and increase the chances of detection. Drawbacks include the requirements for prolonged sample incubation (48 to 72 h) and manual addition of selective agents, which may be a source of contamination. Modified Listeria recovery broth (mLRB) is ...
Tripathi Anubha A Asthma and Allergic Diseases Center, University of Virginia Medical Center, Charlottesville, - - 2014
Anaphylaxis is traditionally recognized as a rapidly developing combination of symptoms that often includes hives and hypotension or respiratory symptoms. Furthermore, when a specific cause is identified, exposure to this cause is usually noted to have occurred within minutes to 2 hours before the onset of symptoms. This case is ...
Ritchie Lorrene D LD Atkins Center for Weight and Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Assess California Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) participant satisfaction with the 2009 food package revisions and compare satisfaction based on language preference and timing of WIC enrollment relative to the revisions. Computer-assisted telephone interviews of 2,996 WIC participants in 2010. Most participants (91.3%) were satisfied with checks for new WIC foods ...
Rose Donald D Department of Global Community Health, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA. Electronic address: - - 2014
To examine the effect of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) food package changes on availability of healthy foods in small stores. Pre-post comparison group design with repeat in-store observations. New Orleans. Small stores (n = 102; 77% of total) were visited in 2009. Of ...
Zhang Chao C School of Engineering and Technology, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing, - - 2014
Microbial contamination is a growing concern in the food safety today. To effectively control the types and degree of microbial contamination during food production, this paper introduces a design for a microbial contamination detector that can be used for quick in-situ examination. The designed detector can identify the category of ...
Lee A J - - 2014
With the exception of shellfish, the overall food allergy rates in Singapore have not reached the epidemic proportions of the West. The rates of egg, milk and fish allergies remain low. However, the patterns of some food allergies in Singapore have changed over the last decade. For example, peanut allergy, ...
Baumann Shyon - - 2014
What meanings are attached to race in advertising? We analyze a sample of prime-time Canadian television advertising to identify cultural schemas for what it means to be White, Black, and East/Southeast Asian. Our empirical focus is on food and dining advertising. Through quantitative content analysis of associations between race and ...
Mowszet Krystyna K Department of Pediatrics, Gastroenterology and Nutrition, Wroclaw Medical University, - - 2014
In recent years, food allergy, especially in the child population, has become an increasing problem in developed societies. In the youngest children, it is a frequent cause of gastrointestinal disorders. The atopy patch test, applied from several years in clinical practice, is one of the methods used in allergology. The objective ...
Brunault Paul P Psychiatrist and Addictologist, CHRU de Tours, Equipe de Liaison et de Soins en Addictologie, Tours, France; Psychiatrist and Addictologist, CHRU de Tours, Clinique Psychiatrique Universitaire, Tours, France; Psychiatrist and Addictologist, Université François Rabelais de Tours, Département de Psychologie, EA 2114 Psychologie des Âges de la Vie, Tours, - - 2014
The concept of food addiction has recently been proposed by applying the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision, criteria for substance dependence to eating behaviour. Food addiction has received increased attention given that it may play a role in binge eating, eating disorders, and the ...
Wallace F Morgan - - 2014
A multilaboratory study was conducted to evaluate the ability of the DuPont BAX System Real-Time PCR Assay for Salmonella to detect the target species in a variety of foods and environmental surfaces. Internal validation studies were performed by DuPont Nutrition & Health on 24 different sample types to demonstrate the ...
Weidel Elisabeth - - 2014
Chlorogenic acids (CGA) are found in many plant-derived foodstuffs and are claimed to have various beneficial effects on human health. Potatoes are a major component of the human diet and contain CGA, but little is known about their abundance in these important tubers. We therefore used a rapid, sensitive, and ...
Sharma Neil - - 2014
The InstantLabs Listeria Species Food SafetyKitwas validated against the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) reference method 11290-1 for the detection of Listeria monocytogenes and other Listeria species. The matrixes (stainless steel, sealed concrete, cheddar cheese, raw shrimp, and hot dogs) were inoculated with approximately 1 CFU/test portion of various Listeria ...
Sharma Neil - - 2014
The InstantLabs Listeria monocytogenes Food Safety Kit was validated against the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) reference method 11290-1 for the detection of Listeria monocytogenes and other Listeria species. The matrixes (stainless steel, sealed concrete, ice cream, whole milk, cheddar cheese, raw shrimp, hot dogs, deli turkey, and lettuce) were ...
Thaweekul Patcharapa - - 2014
Galactogogue food has been frequently used among lactating women without reported efficacy data. The present study was aimed to address the outcome of hospital-based food programs as defined by the onset of lactation and infant's weight loss. A Quasi-experimental design was done to compare the maternal breast fullness/heaviness and infants' ...
Kirkpatrick Sharon I SI Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences, National Cancer Institute Bethesda, MD (SIK, AFS, FET, SMG, and NP); Westat, Rockville, MD (DD and TPZ); Information Management Services Inc, Rockville, MD (LLK); and the Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD - - 2014
The Automated Self-Administered 24-hour Recall (ASA24), a freely available Web-based tool, was developed to enhance the feasibility of collecting high-quality dietary intake data from large samples. The purpose of this study was to assess the criterion validity of ASA24 through a feeding study in which the true intake for 3 ...
Goossens Nicole J NJ Department of Pediatric Pulmonology and Pediatric Allergy, University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands; GRIAC Research Institute, University of Groningen, University Medical Centre Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food allergy can impair health-related quality of life (HRQL). Food Allergy Quality of Life Questionnaires (FAQLQs) have been developed and validated, including an adult form (FAQLQ-AF). HRQL has not, to date, been measured across different European countries using a uniform methodology. To translate and validate the FAQLQ-AF for use in ...
Holzhauser Thomas T Division of Allergology, Paul-Ehrlich-Institut, 63225 Langen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
A novel method to quantify species or DNA on the basis of a competitive quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (cqPCR) was developed. Potentially allergenic peanut in food served as one example. Based on an internal competitive DNA sequence for normalisation of DNA extraction and amplification, the cqPCR was threshold-calibrated against ...
Vereecken Carine C Research Foundation Flanders, Brussels, - - 2014
Few studies have investigated the relative validity of FFQ in young children and no study has investigated the relative validity of changes in children's food intake in a longitudinal context. The aim of the present study was to compare the FFQ of the longitudinal Family Influences on Food Intake study, ...
Tenhagen B-A BA Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR), Department Biological Safety, 10589 Berlin, - - 2014
Livestock associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) have been found in various farm animal species throughout the world. It was the objective of this study to estimate the prevalence of MRSA in different cattle food chains (milk, beef, veal) in Germany, to analyse the MRSA diversity along each food chain and ...
Junillon Thomas T Université de Lyon 1, CNRS, UMR5558, Laboratoire de Biométrie et Biologie Evolutive, F-69622, Villeurbanne, France; bioMerieux SA département Microbiologie industrielle, Chemin de l'Orme, 69280 Marcy l'Etoile, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Foodborne pathogens are still a major concern for public health authorities. In this paper, we describe the optimization of a previously reported method which combines a highly specific capture of targeted food pathogens with an intracellular staining method. The reaction medium was optimized to simultaneously allow specific enrichment of Salmonella ...
Costarelli Laura L Translational Center of Research in Nutrition and Ageing, Scientific and Technologic Pole, INRCA, Ancona, - - 2014
Zinc is a relevant nutritional factor for the whole life of an organism because it affects the inflammatory/immune response and antioxidant activity, leading to a healthy state. Despite its important function, the dietary intake of zinc is inadequate in elderly. Possible interventions include food fortification because it does not require ...
Bernstad Anna A Water and Environmental Engineering, Lund University, 221 00 Lund, Sweden; SAGE - Laboratório de Estudos Avançados de Gestão da Produção, COPPE, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, 21941-972 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Two different strategies aiming at increasing household source-separation of food waste were assessed through a case-study in a Swedish residential area (a) use of written information, distributed as leaflets amongst households and (b) installation of equipment for source-segregation of waste with the aim of increasing convenience food waste sorting in ...
O'Malley Keelia K Department of Global Community Health and Behavioral Sciences, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine (SPHTM), 1440 Canal Street, Suite 2301, New Orleans, LA 70112, - - 2014
Changes to the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) occurred in 2009 when supplemental foods offered through the programme were updated to align with current dietary recommendations. The present study reports on a new index developed to monitor the retail environment's adoption of these new food ...
Santos Débora M DM 1 Faculdade de Ciências da Nutrição e Alimentação da Universidade do Porto (FCNAUP), Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto, - - 2014
To identify dietary availability and its time trends in elderly Portuguese households. A set of four cross-sectional studies based on the Household Budget Surveys was used. The dietary data were described using the daily per capita availability of food and beverages, energy and selected nutrients (macronutrients, different lipid fractions and ...
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