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Carlson Andrea A US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The high obesity rates and poor diet quality in the United States, particularly among low income populations, are often attributed to low income, low food access, and high food prices of healthy foods. This paper discusses these associations and questions some of the metrics used to measure food prices. The ...
Marrero Naomi M NM Cardiovascular Sciences, and Division of Population Health Sciences and Education, St. George's University of London, London, United Kingdom; and Wolfson Institute of Preventive Medicine, Barts and The London School of Medicine & Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, United - - 2014
Since 2003/2004, the United Kingdom has implemented a salt reduction campaign; however, there are no data on salt intake in children as assessed by 24-hour urinary sodium, the gold standard method, to inform this campaign. We performed a cross-sectional study, involving South London school children across 3 age tiers: young ...
Bryant Maria M 1 Leeds Institute of Clinical Trials Research, University of Leeds, Leeds LS2 9JT, - - 2014
Knowledge of the types and quantities of foods and drinks available in family homes supports the development of targeted intervention programmes for obesity prevention or management, or for overall diet improvement. In the UK, contemporary data on foods that are available within family homes are lacking. The present study aimed ...
Zoidou Evangelia E Laboratory of Dairy Research, Department of Food Science and Human Nutrition, Agricultural University of Athens, Iera Odos 75, Athens 11855, Greece; Department of Pharmacognosy and Natural Products Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Athens, Panepistimiopolis, Zografou, Athens 15771, - - 2014
Oleuropein is a bioactive natural product from olives known to display a broad variety of health beneficial properties. However its presence in most edible olives is lowered due to debittering. In this respect, we envisaged the incorporation of oleuropein into dairy products (cow's milk and yogurt) aiming to produce novel ...
Sahyoun Nadine R NR Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Maryland, College Park, - - 2014
The objective of this article is to describe 1) the validation of 2 similar but not identical food security modules used to collect data from 2 vulnerable populations, southern Lebanon residents (n = 815) and Palestinian refugees in Lebanon (n = 2501), and 2) the development and validation of an ...
Wrieden W L WL School of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, - - 2014
Energy density (ED) is a measure of the energy content of a food component or diet relative to a standard unit of weight. Widespread variation in ED assessment methodologies exist. The present study aimed to explore the feasibility of calculating the ED of the Scottish diet using UK food purchase ...
Wong Waiky W K WW a Risk Assessment Section , Centre for Food Safety, Food and Environmental Hygiene Department , Hong Kong , - - 2014
Abstract The use of pesticides and other chemicals has become a common practice in modern agriculture, to enhance and stabilise crop yield, protect the nutritional integrity of food, facilitate food storage to assure year-round supplies and provide attractive and appealing food products. With the adoption of strict Good Agricultural Practice ...
Walsh Helen H Dept. of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Univ. of Vermont, Burlington, VT, 05045, - - 2014
Drinkable yogurt is a popular beverage in the United States and there may be a niche for carbonated drinkable yogurt in the functional foods market. Pomegranate (P) and vanilla (V) yogurt beverages were formulated, containing inulin as a prebiotic, along with probiotic bacteria Lactobacillus acidophilus and Bifidobacterium, to produce symbiotic ...
Luyt David D University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester, - - 2014
This guideline advises on the management of patients with cow's milk allergy. Cow's milk allergy presents in the first year of life with estimated population prevalence between 2 and 3%. The clinical manifestations of cow's milk allergy are very variable in type and severity making it the most difficult food ...
Mabli James J Mathematica Policy Research, Cambridge, - - 2014
This article investigates the association between Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation and child food security by using data from the largest national survey of the food security of SNAP participants to date. The analysis used a survey of nearly 3000 households with children and a quasi-experimental research design that ...
Lim Ho-Soo HS Food Additives and Packages Division, Ministry of Food and Drug Safety, Osong Health Technology Administration Complex, 187 Osong, Chungcheongbuk-do 363-951, Republic of - - 2014
A simple and rapid method has been developed and validated for the determination of carmine in foods. Samples were homogenised and extracted with 0.05M NaOH, followed by centrifugation. The resulting solution was filtered and injected to HPLC. Carmine was separated by HPLC using an NovaPak C18 column coupled to a ...
Shah Dheeraj D Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Department of Pediatrics, University College of Medical Sciences (University of Delhi) and Guru Tegh Bahadur Hospital, Dilshad Garden, Delhi, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the order of complementary feeding in relation to breast-feeding affects breast milk, semisolid, or total energy intake in infants. The present study was designed as a randomized crossover trial. The study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital. The study ...
Barbieri P P Graduate Program in Community Health, Riberão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, SP, - - 2014
Previous studies conducted among pregnant women to test the accuracy of food frequency questionnaires (FFQ) for estimating food group intake were restricted to one specific trimester of pregnancy. The present study aimed to validate a FFQ for assessing the intake of food groups throughout pregnancy. In total, 75 adult pregnant ...
Toloni Maysa Helena de A MH Unifesp, Sao Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Objective: To identify the age of introduction of petit suisse cheese and instant noodles in the diet of infants attending nurseries of public day care centers and to compare the nutritional composition of these foods with the healthy recommended diet (breast milk and salt meal) for this age, in order ...
Heo Eun Jeong EJ Food Microbiology Division, Food Safety Evaluation Department, Ministry of Food and Drug Safety, Cheongwon 363-951, South - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the detection of Listeria monocytogenes in different ready-to-eat foods using real-time PCR (RT-PCR). Various concentrations (10(0) to 10(5) CFU/ml) of L. monocytogenes ATCC 19115 were inoculated into ham, sausage, ground meat, processed milk, cheese, and infant formula. L. monocytogenes ATCC 19115 in ...
Segura-García Cristina C Outpatient Unit for Treatment and Clinical Research in Eating Disorders, Azienda Ospedaliero-Universitaria Mater Domini, Catanzaro, Italy; Department of Health Sciences, University Magna Graecia, Catanzaro, - - 2014
Eating disorders (ED) are characterized by alterations in food choice and in the quantity and quality of nutrient intake. In a population of 124 female patients with ED (anorexia nervosa restricting subtype [AN-R, n=37]; AN bingeing-purging subtype [AN-BP, n=18]; bulimia nervosa purging subtype [BN-P, n=40]; and binge eating disorder [BED, ...
Rosen Jamie J Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, New York, - - 2014
Studies reveal deficits in caregivers' ability to prevent and treat food-allergic reactions with epinephrine and a consumer preference for validated educational materials in audiovisual formats. This study was designed to create brief, validated educational videos on food allergen avoidance and emergency management of anaphylaxis for caregivers of children with food ...
Gicquelais Rachel E - - 2014
In August 2012, the Arkansas Department of Health (ADH) was notified of gastrointestinal illness outbreaks in two Arkansas state prisons. ADH investigated the outbreaks and conducted case-control studies to identify the source of the illnesses. This report describes the results of these investigations, which identified 528 persons with onset of ...
Chen Biye B Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, P.O. Box 226, Reading RG6 6AP, - - 2014
The composition and physical properties of raw milk from a commercial herd were studied over a 1year period in order to understand how best to utilise milk for processing throughout the year. Protein and fat levels demonstrated seasonal trends, while minerals and many physical properties displayed considerable variations, which were ...
Chiu Yi-Fang YF School of Nutrition and Health Sciences, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, - - 2014
In this study, a Hemodialysis Eating Index (HDEI) suitable for hemodialysis (HD) patients in Taiwan was developed based on the dietary recommendations of the U.S. National Kidney Foundation for HD patients and the Taiwanese 2011 Daily Food Guide. The HDEI was used to explore HD-associated cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. ...
Costa M P MP Fluminense Federal University, Food Technology Department, CEP 24230-340, Niterói, RJ, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Goat milk yogurt is an excellent source of fatty acids, protein, and minerals; however, it is not well accepted by many consumers, due to its typical flavor derived from caprylic, capric, and caproic acids present in this milk and dairy products. Recently, the repeated-exposure test has been used to increase ...
Shen Yixiao Y School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, - - 2014
A method for simultaneously determining four artificial food colourants [Red Nos. 2 (R2) and 40 (R40), Yellow Nos. 5 (Y5) and 6 (Y6)] and three carotenoids [lycopene, lutein, and β-carotene] was developed. They were successfully separated by the developed high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) method combined with a photo diode ...
Imai Takanori T Department of Pediatrics, Showa University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Pediatrics, National Hospital Organization, National Sagamihara Hospital, Kanagawa, - - 2014
Background: Some studies have been reported about positioning of SPT in the diagnosis of food allergy. On the other hand, it is not yet clear about the positioning of SPT in the diagnosis of tolerance acquisition of the immediate type food allergy. Methods: The retrospective study had been conducted for ...
Wong Waiky W K WW a Risk Assessment Section, Food and Environmental Hygiene Department , Centre for Food Safety , Hong Kong , - - 2014
Acrylamide is a processing contaminant in food formed during cooking at high temperature, such as frying and baking. To assess its associated health risk of the Hong Kong population, the dietary exposure of Hong Kong adults to acrylamide was estimated in the first Hong Kong Total Diet Study (TDS), where ...
Ezekiel Chibundu N CN Mycotoxicology Research Unit, Department of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Babcock University, Ilishan Remo, Nigeria; Pathology/Mycotoxin Laboratory, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, P.M.B. 5320, Ibadan, Nigeria. Electronic address: - - 2014
A pilot, cross-sectional, correlational study was conducted in eight rural communities in northern Nigeria to investigate mycotoxin exposures in 120 volunteers (19 children, 20 adolescents and 81 adults) using a modern LC-MS/MS based multi-biomarker approach. First morning urine samples were analyzed and urinary biomarker levels correlated with mycotoxin levels in ...
Guccione J J Department of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Production, University of Napoli "Federico II," Via Delpino 1, 80137 Napoli, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
The effects of penethamate hydriodide (Mamyzin, Boehringer Ingelheim, Ingelheim, Germany) on udder health and milk yields were evaluated in primiparous Mediterranean buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis). An intramuscular administration of 10 million international units was performed in 20 buffaloes at 7 d precalving (treatment group; TG), and 20 animals were enrolled as ...
Vencia W W Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Piemonte, Liguria e Valle d'Aosta (IZS-PLV), S.C. Controllo Alimenti e Igiene delle Produzioni, Turin, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Campylobacteriosis was the most frequently reported zoonosis in the European Union (EU) in 2010, with Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli, and Campylobacter lari as the most frequently reported species in foodborne outbreaks (FBOs). Relatively sensitive to environmental factors, these species may be present in low numbers. In line with EU policy ...
Franek Milan M Veterinary Research Institute, Hudcova 70, 621 00 Brno, Czech - - 2014
The analytical performance and evaluation of a kit-based ELISA for the determination of acrylamide in fried potato and corn chip samples are described. The sample homogenate is subjected to clean-up using SPE, followed by analyte derivatization and ELISA detection. Accuracy, precision and linearity of the ELISA procedure have been validated ...
Carpenter Jessica L JL Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Massachusetts Dartmouth, 285 Old Westport Road, North Dartmouth, MA, - - 2014
Cranberry fruit (Vaccinium macrocarpon) is rich in polyphenols, particularly oligomeric proanthocyanidins (PACs) possessing antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. PACs may play a role in resistance to fruit rot. Although many cranberry cultivars are grown for use in foods, beverages and nutraceuticals, data on PAC content among cultivars is limited. Eight cultivars ...
Buckeridge David L DL Surveillance Lab, McGill Clinical and Health Informatics; Department of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational - - 2014
Added sugar, particularly in carbonated soft drinks (CSDs), represents a considerable proportion of caloric intake in North America. Interventions to decrease the intake of added sugar have been proposed, but monitoring their effectiveness can be difficult due to the costs and limitations of dietary surveys. We developed, assessed the accuracy ...
Serraino A A Department of Veterinary Medical Sciences, Via Tolara di Sopra 50, 40064 Ozzano Emilia (BO), - - 2014
The present study investigated the presence of Arcobacter spp. in industrial dairy plants. Between February and September 2013, pasteurized milk used for cheesemaking, processing and cleaning water, cheese, and environmental samples from different plant sites, including surfaces in contact or not in contact with food, were sampled. A total of ...
Lv Ying Y Beijing Laboratory of Food Quality and Safety, Beijing Key Laboratory of Agricultural Product Detection and Control of Spoilage Organisms and Pesticide Residue, College of Food Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Agriculture, Beijing, China - - 2014
Dairy products are considered as nutrient-dense foods and consumed by many people in western countries, as well as an increasing number of Asian people. Excessive and frequent application of pesticides on vegetables and fruits leads to a potential health hazard to consumers. The organophosphate insecticide chlorpyrifos has been reported to ...
Alabi A A Department of Analytical Chemistry, Institute of Fine Chemistry and Nanochemistry, University of Cordoba, Edificio Anexo Marie Curie, Campus de Rabanales, 14071 Córdoba, - - 2014
We report herein a multiresidue method for canned food determination of 12 bisphenols [bisphenol A (BPA), bisphenol B (BPB), bisphenol F (BPF), bisphenol E (BPE)], bisphenol diglycidyl ethers [bisphenol F diglycidyl ether (BFDGE), bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE)] and their derivatives [BADGE·2H2O, BADGE·H2O, BADGE·HCl·H2O, BADGE·HCl, BADGE·2HCl and BFDGE·2HCl]. The method ...
Bahwere Paluku P Valid International, Oxford, UK; Centre of Research in Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Clinical Research, School of Public Health, Free University of Brussels, Brussels, - - 2014
The cost of ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) used in community-based management of acute malnutrition has been a major obstacle to the scale up of this important child survival strategy. The current standard recipe for RUTF [peanut-based RUTF (P-RUTF)] is made from peanut paste, milk powder, oil, sugar, and minerals and ...
Subaiya Saleena S Saleena Subaiya and Anthony Velasquez are with the Department of Emergency Medicine, New York Presbyterian Hospital, and The University Hospital of Columbia and Cornell, New York, NY. Cyrus Moussavi is with NowThis News, New York City, NY. Joshua Stillman is with the New York Presbyterian Hospital and Columbia University Medical Center, New - - 2014
Objectives. We conducted a rapid needs assessment in the Rockaway Peninsula-one of the areas of New York City most severely affected by Hurricane Sandy on October 29, 2012-to assess basic needs and evaluate for an association between socioeconomic status (SES) and storm recovery. Methods. We conducted a cross-sectional survey within ...
Le Parc Annabelle A Department of Food Science and Technology, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA, 95616, - - 2014
Numerous milk components, such as lactoferrin, are recognized as health-promoting compounds. A growing body of evidence suggests that glycans could mediate lactoferrin's bioactivity. Goat milk lactoferrin is a candidate for infant formula supplementation because of its high homology with its human counterpart. The aim of this study was to characterize ...
Rubert Josep J Departament de Medicina Preventiva, Facultat de Farmàcia, Universitat de València, Av. Vicent Andrés Estellés s/n, 46100 Burjassot (València), Spain; Institute of Chemical Technology, Department of Food Analysis and Nutrition, Technická 5, 166 28 Prague 6, Prague, Czech Republic. Electronic address: - - 2014
Humans can be exposed to mycotoxins through the food chain. Mycotoxins are mainly found as contaminants in food and could be subsequently excreted via biological fluids such as urine or human breast milk in native or metabolised form. Since breast milk is usually supposed as the only food for new-borns, ...
McFadden Alison - - 2014
Good nutrition is important during pregnancy, breastfeeding and early life to optimise the health of women and children. It is difficult for low-income families to prioritise spending on healthy food. Healthy Start is a targeted United Kingdom (UK) food subsidy programme that gives vouchers for fruit, vegetables, milk, and vitamins ...
Bunyavanich Supinda S Division of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York; Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York; Mindich Child Health and Development Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York. Electronic address: - - 2014
Maternal diet during pregnancy may affect childhood allergy and asthma. We sought to examine the associations between maternal intake of common childhood food allergens during early pregnancy and childhood allergy and asthma. We studied 1277 mother-child pairs from a US prebirth cohort unselected for any disease. Using food frequency questionnaires ...
Lahou Evy E Laboratory of Food Preservation and Food Microbiology, Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Coupure Links, 653, 9000 Ghent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food service operations are confronted with a diverse range of raw materials and served meals. The implementation of a microbial sampling plan in the framework of verification of suppliers and their own production process (functionality of their prerequisite and HACCP program), demands selection of food products and sampling frequencies. However, ...
Grafenauer Sara J SJ Smart Food Centre, School of Health Sciences, University of Wollongong, Northfields Avenue, Wollongong, 2522 NSW, - - 2014
Weight loss results from an energy deficit, although the quality of food choices making up the diet may also be important. The aim of the present study was to develop and validate a diet quality tool based on food categories to monitor dietary change in clinical weight-loss settings. The Food ...
Ritala A A VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Tietotie 2, P.O. Box 1000, 02044 VTT, Espoo, Finland, - - 2014
Recombinant allergens and antibodies are needed for diagnostic, therapeutic, food processing and quality verification purposes. The aim of this work was to develop a barley-based production system for β-lactoglobulin (BLG) specific immunoglobulin E antibody (D1 scFv). The expression level in the best barley cell clone was 0.8-1.2 mg/kg fresh weight, and ...
Kassim Ismail A R IA Institute for Global Health, University College London, London, - - 2014
Few data on iodine status in Somalia are available, but it is assumed that deficiency is a public health problem due to the limited access to iodized salt. We aimed to describe the iodine status of the population of Somalia and to investigate possible determinants of iodine status. A national ...
Fussell Richard J - - 2014
Human exposure to emerging contaminants by indirect routes is of increasing interest. In this study we have assessed the contamination of food by chemicals used in human pharmaceuticals (HPs), veterinary medicines (VMs) and personal care products (PCPs). A prioritisation study was undertaken to identify the chemicals and food producing scenarios ...
Cunha Isabel I CIMAR/CIIMAR - Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research, University of Porto, Rua dos Bragas 289, 4050-123 Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Different risk evaluation approaches have been used to face oil and hazardous and noxious substances (HNS) spills all over the world. To minimize health risks and mitigate economic losses due to a long term ban on the sale of sea products after a spill, it is essential to preemptively set ...
Hamada Yuka Y Graduate School of Human-Environment Studies, Kyushu University; Graduate School of Decision Science and Technology, Tokyo Institute of - - 2014
Objective: To determine the effects of the number of chews and meal duration on diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) and splanchnic blood flow (BF). Design and Methods: Healthy normal-weight subjects (11 subjects in the 100-kcal test and 10 subjects in the 300-kcal test) participated in two trials: a rapid-eating trial and a ...
Cunningham William C WC * Division of Bioanalytical Chemistry, Office of Regulatory Science, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 5100 Paint Branch Parkway, College Park, MD - - 2014
A procedure is presented for screening foods for radionuclide contamination. It was developed by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (U.S. FDA) to be an option for augmenting analytical capability following a major radiological contamination event involving beta- or alpha-emitting radionuclides. The expected application of this procedure would be during ...
Dupont Christophe C Hôpital Necker-Enfants Malades, Université Paris-Descartes, Paris, - - 2014
Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) affect many organs, from mouth to gut, with, immediate and delayed reactions, including infantile colic, food protein induced enterocolitis syndrome, enteropathy, eosinophilic disorders, among which infantile proctocolitis, and "dysmotility" disturbances, gastro-esophageal reflux and constipation. Diagnosis follows usual steps, careful history taking and medical examination, before ...
Vetter Anna A Veterinary Physiology, Vetsuisse Faculty University of Bern, 3012 Bern, - - 2014
The goal of the present study was to examine the suitability of a short pre-stimulation (P) for 15 s followed by a latency period (L) of 30 s before cluster attachment for machine milking. In addition we tested the effect of a periodic reduction of the vacuum under the teat (VR) during ...
Kamana Olivier O Ghent University, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Food Preservation (LFMFP), Ghent, Belgium; Higher Institute of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Agriculture and Rural Development, Department of Animal Production, Busogo, - - 2014
Milk is a valuable and nutritious food product that can partially fulfill the rising food demand of the growing African population. The microbiological status of milk and derived products was assessed throughout the milk and dairy chain in Rwanda by enumeration of the total mesophilic count, coliforms, and Staphylococcus aureus ...
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