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Nørnberg Tr - - 2014
The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of self-estimated vegetable and whole grain serving sizes in a self-served buffet meal. The study took place in a laboratory setting where an Intelligent Buffet was used to register the exact weight of each food type that was self-served by ...
Musaiger Abdulrahman A Nutrition and Health Studies Unit, Deanship of Scientific Research, University of Bahrain, and Arab Centre for Nutrition, - - 2014
introduction. Dietary and lifestyle behaviours among adolescents are risk factors for several chronic diseases in adulthood. objective. To examine the differences in dietary habits and lifestyle between male and female adolescents in Syria. materials and method. A cross-sectional multi-stage stratified sampling study was carried out on adolescents, 15-18-years-old, in Damascus, ...
Radford Samantha A - - 2014
A solid phase extraction method was developed to isolate four insecticide degradates from baby food that were measured subsequently using high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The degradates [parent insecticide] measured were malathion dicarboxylic acid [malathion], 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol [chlorpyrifos, chlorpyrifos methyl] (TCPy), cis/trans-3-(2,2-dichlorovinyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid [permethrin, cypermethrin, cyfluthrin], and 3-phenoxybenzoic acid [general ...
Karl J Philip JP Vitamin K Laboratory, Jean Mayer U.S. Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, 711 Washington St, Boston, MA 02111, United States; Energy Metabolism Laboratory, Jean Mayer U.S. Department of Agriculture Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, 711 Washington St, Boston, MA 02111, United - - 2014
Vitamin K, comprising phylloquinone (PK) and menaquinones (MKn), is a family of vitamers found in multiple biological and environmental matrices. Advancing emerging evidence for novel and distinct physiologic roles of these vitamers in human health and disease necessitates sensitive and selective methods for quantifying PK and MKn in these matrices. ...
Koh Gloria A GA Nutrition & Dietetics, School of Medicine, Flinders University, PO Box 2100, Adelaide, Australia.. Electronic address: - - 2014
Adequate consumption of fruits and vegetables (FV) is a characteristic of a healthy diet but remains a challenge in nutrition interventions. This cross-sectional study explored the multi-directional relationships between maternal feeding self-efficacy, parenting confidence, child feeding behaviour, exposure to new food and FV intake in a cohort of 277 infants. ...
Jiang Wenjie W Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, Qingdao University Medical College, Dongzhou Road, No.38, Qingdao, 266021, Shandong, People's Republic of China, - - 2014
Dairy foods have been linked to Parkinson's disease (PD), and a meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies on dairy foods intake and PD risk was conducted. Eligible studies were identified in a literature search of EMBASE and PubMed up to April 2014. Seven results from prospective studies were included, including 1,083 ...
Clayton Frederic - - 2014
& Aims: Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is usually induced by foods, by unclear mechanisms. We evaluated the roles of IgE and IgG4 in development of EoE. We performed a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of adults with EoE given an antibody against IgE (omalizumab, n=16) or placebo (n=14) every 2-4 weeks ...
Grün Christian H CH Unilever R&D Vlaardingen, Olivier van Noortlaan 120, 3133 AT Vlaardingen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2015
A strategy for the unambiguous identification and selective quantification of xanthan gum and locust bean gum (LBG) in gelled food concentrates is presented. DNA detection by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) showed to be a fast, sensitive, and selective method that can be used as a first screening tool in intact ...
Pizzano Rosa - - 2014
Donkey milk has been recently revalued intensely due to its nutritional properties. Moreover, donkey milk has been proposed as an effective alternative food for some infants with cow milk allergy. Two fast analytical methods were proposed to detect the fraudolent practice of blending cow milk to donkey milk. Detection of ...
Devlin Niamh Fc NF a UCD Institute of Food and Health , University College Dublin , Dublin - - 2014
Total diet studies (TDS) are recognised as a cost-effective approach in estimating dietary exposure to chemicals in food. It has been advised that candidate foods for inclusion in TDS analysis should represent a large part of the typical diet to accurately estimate exposure of a population group. To date, a ...
Devlin Niamh N a Institute of Food & Health , University College Dublin , Dublin , - - 2014
Total diet studies (TDS) are used to gather information on chemical substances in food, thereby facilitating risk assessments and health monitoring. Candidate foods for inclusion in a TDS should represent a large part of a typical diet to accurately estimate exposure of a population and/or specific population groups. There are ...
Bell Lucinda K LK Nutrition and Dietetics,Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Flinders University,GPO Box - - 2014
Identifying toddlers at dietary risk is crucial for determining who requires intervention to improve dietary patterns and reduce health consequences. The objectives of the present study were to develop a simple tool that assesses toddlers' dietary risk and investigate its reliability and validity. The nineteen-item Toddler Dietary Questionnaire (TDQ) is ...
Pires Sara M SM 1 National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark , Søborg, Denmark - - 2014
Abstract Reducing the burden of foodborne salmonellosis is challenging. It requires identification of the most important food sources causing disease and prioritization of effective intervention strategies. For this purpose, a variety of methods to estimate the relative contribution of different sources of Salmonella infections have been applied worldwide. Each has ...
Cluss Patricia A PA Associate Professor of Psychiatry, Retired (clusspa@upmc.edu), University of Pittsburgh, School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15261; Consultant, UPMC Health Plan, 5889 Forbes Avenue, Suite 320, Pittsburgh, PA - - 2014
Schools can play a major role in prevention and intervention for childhood obesity. We describe changes in elementary school cafeteria lunch sales patterns resulting from nutritional improvements in menu offerings that were part of a community-wide focus on health. Elementary school lunch sales data were collected for 1 week in ...
Barbosa Lidiane Nunes LN Laboratory of Bacteriology and Natural Products, Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil, CEP 18618-970. - - 2014
Although consumers and the food industry have an interest in reducing the use of synthetic additives, the consumption of processed meat in Brazil has been increasing because of the easy preparation and low cost. Owing to the antimicrobial and antioxidative properties of Ocimum basilicum essential oil (EO), it has potential ...
Bianchi D M DM Italian National Reference Laboratory for Coagulase-Positive Staphylococci Including Staphylococcus aureus, S. C. Controllo Alimenti e Igiene delle Produzioni, Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale del Piemonte, Liguria e Valle d'Aosta, Via Bologna 148, 10154 Torino, Italy. manila.bianchi@gmail.com - - 2014
Staphylococcal food poisoning is a common foodborne disease caused by the ingestion of staphylococcal enterotoxins (SEs) produced mainly by enterotoxigenic strains of Staphylococcus aureus. To date, 21 SEs and/or enterotoxin-like types have been identified, several of which represent a potential hazard for consumers. To protect consumer health and to reduce ...
Karadağ Mevlüde - - 2014
For over a century, the discontinuation of oral food intake preoperatively after midnight has been routinely applied. Although routine fasting during the night before elective surgery has been abandoned by many modern centers, preoperative fasting after midnight continues as a routine practice. The purpose of this study was to determine ...
Segal Idit I *Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition Unit, Wolfson Medical Center, Holon †School of Nutritional Sciences, Hebrew University, Rehovot ‡Epidemiology Unit, Wolfson Medical, Center, Tel Aviv University, - - 2014
Infantile feeding disorders (IFDs) are common causes of food refusal and failure to thrive, and are frequently encountered by primary care physicians and specialists. We have published the Wolfson criteria for IFD, which have eased the approach to the diagnosis of IFDs. Along with and complementary to the Wolfson criteria, ...
Nozue Miho M National Institute of Health and Nutrition Toyama 1-23-1, Shinjuku, Tokyo, 162-8636, Japan. kazu@nih.go.jp; - - 2014
Food stockpiles and methods of ensuring food availability after the Great East Japan Earthquake of March 11, 2011 have been studied. Questionnaires were sent to 1911 registered dietitians and general dietitians who were members of the Japan Dietetic Association in August 2012. Four hundred thirty-five dietitians (22.8%) completed the questionnaire ...
Hinnig Patrícia de Fragas Pde F School of Public Health, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, - - 2014
Objective: To present and discuss the process of the development of a Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (QFFQ) aimed to 7-10 year-old children. Methods: A methodological study was performed based on the application of a Food Diary (FD) fulfilled by 85 children. Based on registered foods, the diet composition in relation ...
Souza Fabíola Isabel Suano de FI PhD in Sciences from Unifesp. Affiliate Professor at the Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine of ABC, Santo André, SP, Brazil, Santo André, SP, - - 2014
Objective: to evaluate the complementary feeding practices for infants, focusing on the main pureed baby foods, and verify adherence to the guidelines adopted in Brazil. Methods: through cross-sectional study, aspects of complementary feeding of 404 healthy infants between 4 and 9 months of age (São Paulo, Curitiba and Recife) were ...
Bhatt Hema H G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand, - - 2014
There are many rice mills and food grain depots where a large number of workers are engaged for processing paddy and rice, storage and distribution. Lifting, carrying and depositing sacs of food grain are the major jobs carried out by these workers. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the ...
Lyu Li-Ching LC Graduate Program for Nutritional Science and Education, Department of Human Development and Family Studies, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this methodology study is to examine the relative validity of four dietary assessment methods during pregnancy and to understand the pros and cons of each method. We recruited 181 healthy pregnant women with less than 20 weeks of gestation and collected information through personal and telephone interviews ...
Fierens C - - 2014
Medicines and food supplements containing anthranoid herbal drug preparations were verified on identity of the herbal substance, content of total hydroxyanthracene glycosides and microbiological quality. All examined medicines complied with the fixed requirements whereas all food supplements deviated from 1 or more of the criteria. The food supplements showed a ...
Wada Taizo T Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Institute of Medical, Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa, - - 2014
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is an uncommon, non-immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated food allergy that usually occurs in young infants (1). Patients with FPIES exhibit profuse vomiting, lethargy, pallor and diarrhea, which typically occur 1 to 4 h after the ingestion of the causative food. The most common causative foods are ...
Miyaoka Yozo Y Department of Health and Nutrition, Niigata University of Health and Welfare , 1398 Shimami-cho, Kita-ku, Niigata 950-3198 , Japan - - 2014
Abstract Masseter activity patterns during chewing, which were quantitatively assessed using T50 values, were compared between the right and left sides of healthy young males. Surface electromyograms were recorded from both masseters, and each participant was asked to chew four different agar samples at his own pace across two separate ...
Brown Mary V MV a Department of Public and Community Health , Utah Valley University , Orem , - - 2014
Abstract Objective: To determine the effects of a nutrition information intervention on the vending machine purchases on a college campus. Participants and Methods: Five high use vending machines were selected for the intervention which was conducted in the fall of 2011. Baseline sales data was collected in the five machines ...
Caubet Jean Christoph JC Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Jaffe Food Allergy Institute, Kravis Children's Hospital, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York; Division of Pediatric Allergy, University Hospital of - - 2014
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a non-IgE-mediated food allergy. FPIES diagnosis is frequently delayed because of the absence of classic allergic symptoms and lack of biomarkers. We sought to characterize the clinical features and resolution of FPIES in patients evaluated in our practice. Subjects 6 months to 45 years ...
Jobling Purser B J BJ Sustainable Environment Research Centre, Faculty of Computing, Engineering and Science, University of South Wales, Pontypridd, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Titration methodologies have been used for the many years for low cost routine monitoring of full scale anaerobic digestion plants. These methodologies have been correlated to indicate the carbonate alkalinity and the volatile fatty acids (VFA) content within digesters. Two commonly used two end-point titration methods were compared using a ...
Urke Helga Bjørnøy HB Departments of Health Promotion and Development, - - 2014
Assess sensitivity and specificity of each of the 18 US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Household Food Security Scale Module (HFSSM) questionnaire items to determine whether a rapid assessment of child and adult food insecurity is feasible in an Inuit population.METHODS: Food insecurity prevalence was assessed by the 18-item USDA HFSSM ...
Ricchi M M Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Lombardia e dell'Emilia Romagna, National Reference Centre for Paratuberculosis, Strada Faggiola 1, 29027 -loc. Gariga, Podenzano, PC, - - 2014
The causative agent of paratuberculosis in ruminants, Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP), although still a matter of debate, has been linked with Crohn's and other human diseases. The availability of rapid methods for assessing the viability of MAP cells in food, in particular milk, could be of great use for ...
Baron Patrick A PA Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA; Johns Hopkins Center for a Livable Future, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, - - 2014
Pharmaceutical drugs are extensively used in industrial food animal production. We examined whether residues of veterinary antibiotics and other pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) were detectable in a small market-basket sample of retail chicken (n=39), ground beef (n=3) and milk (n=3) samples. High-performance liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry ...
Byker Carmen J CJ Department of Health and Human Development, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess the amount of food waste by meal components according to the new National School Lunch Program guidelines among pre-kindergarten and kindergarten students. For 5 consecutive school days in 1 elementary school, the research team collected school lunch trays and separated meal components into bins relative to each food ...
Nikolic Jasna J Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Belgrade, Studentski trg 16, 11000 Belgrade, - - 2014
Banana fruit (Musa acuminata) has become an important food allergen source in recent years. So far, 5 IgE reactive banana proteins have been identified, and the major allergens are: Mus a 2 (a class I chitinase, 31kDa), Mus a 4 (thaumatin-like protein, 21kDa), and Mus a 5 (β-1,3-glucanase, 33kDa). Due ...
Kim Jihye J Department of Clinical Nutrition, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Dongduk Women's University, 23-1 Wolgok-dong, Sungbuk-gu, Seoul, 136-714, Republic of - - 2014
The objectives of this study were to identify major dietary patterns and to investigate the association between dietary patterns and cognitive function in older adults. This is a cross-sectional study. The data from the Korean Multi-Rural Communities Cohort Study, which is a part of the Korean Genome Epidemiology Study, were ...
Li Yongxin Y West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University, No. 17, Section 3, South Renmin Road, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, People's Republic of - - 2014
The combination of the molecular technique, the multivariate strategy and microchip capillary electrophoresis (MCE) was applied to rapid and sensitive analysis of genetically modified (GM) soybean in food samples. A multiplex-touchdown polymerase chain reaction (PCR) system was developed for simultaneously amplifying three target sequences in Roundup Ready soybean (RRS). Response ...
Alfthan Georg G National Institute of Health and Welfare, Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite different geological features the Nordic countries are generally selenium-poor areas. In each country various factors such as food importation and life-style determine the selenium (Se) intake. Due to an extremely low Se intake in the 1970s in Finland, 0.025mg/day, an official decision was made in 1984 to supplement multinutrient ...
Darmon Nicole - - 2014
Prices are an important determinant of food choices. Consequently, food price policies (subsidies and/or taxes) are proposed to improve the nutritional quality of diets. The aim of the present study was to explore the impact of food price policies on the expenditures and nutritional quality of the food baskets chosen ...
Belskii Eugen E Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Ural Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Eighth March Street 202, Yekaterinburg 620144, Russia. Electronic address: - - 2014
During the years 1989-91, 1997-2003, and 2005-07, we studied how emissions from the Middle Urals copper smelter affect snail availability and reproduction of free-living pied flycatchers (Ficedula hypoleuca). We counted snail shells dropped in nests and analysed food samples of nestlings. Pied flycatchers brought to nestlings fewer shells in heavily ...
Yang Su-Jeong - - 2014
Streptococcus mutans is frequently associated with dental caries. Bacterial fermentation of food debris generates an acidic environment on the tooth surface, ultimately resulting in tooth deterioration. Therefore, various mouthwashes have been used to reduce and prevent S. mutans. The aim of this study was to evaluate antimicrobial activity of 4 ...
Pauwels Sara S KU Leuven, Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Centre Environment & Health , Leuven , Belgium - - 2014
Abstract In this study, the intake of methyl-group donors (methionine, folate, betaine, and choline) among Flemish women of reproductive age (n = 30) assessed by a 7-d estimated diet record (7 d EDR) and food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was compared with plasma S-adenosylmethionine (SAM), S-adenosylhomocysteine (SAH), and SAH:SAM ratio. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated ...
Eisinger-Watzl Marianne M Department of Nutritional Behaviour, Max Rubner-Institut, Federal Research Institute of Nutrition and Food, Haid-und-Neu-Str. 9, 76131, Karlsruhe, Germany, - - 2014
To further characterise the performance of the diet history method and the 24-h recalls method, both in an updated version, a comparison was conducted. The National Nutrition Survey II, representative for Germany, assessed food consumption with both methods. The comparison was conducted in a sample of 9,968 participants aged 14-80. ...
Ran-Ressler Rinat Rivka RR Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell - - 2014
Branched-chain fatty acids (BCFA) are bioactive food components that constitute about 2 % of fatty acids in cows' milk fat. There are few systematic data available on the BCFA content of other foods to estimate dietary intakes. In the present study, we report BCFA distribution and content of fresh and processed ...
Hilbig A A Research Institute of Child Nutrition Dortmund (FKE), Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, - - 2014
Objectives:Adequacy of dietary intake in the sensitive period of toddler development is a key determinant of health in a short- and long-term perspective. Therefore, studies focussing the nutrition of toddlers are of importance. For this purpose, tailored dietary record methods are an important prerequisite. The objective of this work is to ...
Kang M M Department of Food and Nutrition, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Background/Objectives:Although there is an increasing trend of dietary supplement (DS) use, few researches have evaluated nutrient intake from DS. This study aimed to establish a nutrient database (NDB) for DS and estimate the effect of DS on total nutrient intake by Korean adults.Subjects/Methods:The NDB for DS was established using the ...
Jiang Hong H Institute of Environmental Safety and Human Health, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang 325035, PR - - 2014
This study was designed to estimate the human risk to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) exposure via two main exposure routes (dust and diet) in an e-waste recycling area in southern China. A total of 134 dust samples and 129 food samples were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The mean ...
Morlock Gertrud E GE Institute of Nutritional Science, Chair of Food Science, Justus Liebig University Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26-32, 35392 Giessen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
A high-performance TLC (HPTLC) method was newly developed and validated for analysis of 7 steviol glycosides in 6 different types of food and Stevia formulations. After a minimized one-step sample preparation, 21 samples were developed in parallel, allowing an effective food screening. Depending on the sample application volume, the method ...
Rimkus Leah - - 2014
Abstract Purpose . To develop a reliable observational data collection instrument to measure characteristics of the fast-food restaurant environment likely to influence consumer behaviors, including product availability, pricing, and promotion. Design . The study used observational data collection. Setting . Restaurants were in the Chicago Metropolitan Statistical Area. Subjects . ...
Kuchta T T Department of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, Food Research Institute, Priemyselná 4, SK-82475, Bratislava 26, - - 2014
In the last decade, nucleic acid-based methods gradually started to replace or complement the culture-based methods and immunochemical assays in routine laboratories involved in food control. In particular, real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was technically developed to the stage of good speed, sensitivity and reproducibility, at minimized risk of carryover ...
Portarena S S Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Biologia Agroambientale e Forestale, 05010 Porano (TR), Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Authentication of food origin is relevant to avoid food fraud. This work aimed to explore the variation of isotopic compositions (δ(13)C, δ(18)O) of extra-virgin olive oils from Italy growing in different environmental conditions. A total of 387 oil samples from nine different regions (from North to South), produced on 2009, ...
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