Search Results
Results 701 - 750 of 2039
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Bradley Emma L - - 2013
Methodology for the determination of 15 phthalate diesters (dimethyl phthalate, diethyl phthalate, diisopropyl phthalate, diallyl phthalate, diisobutyl phthalate, di-n-butyl phthalate, di-n-pentyl phthalate, di-n-hexyl phthalate, benzyl butyl phthalate, dicyclohexyl phthalate, di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, di-n-octyl phthalate, diisononyl phthalate, diisodecyl phthalate, and di-n-decyl phthalate) is described. The method was validated in-house and its broad ...
Howe Anna S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Associations between food choice and body composition in previous studies of adolescents have been inconsistent. This may be due to the body composition measures used, or these associations may be affected by the dieting status of adolescents. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between dietary ...
Warth Benedikt - - 2013
This study reports on the detailed investigation of human deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEN) in vivo metabolism through the analysis of urine samples obtained from one volunteer following a naturally contaminated diet containing 138μg DON and 10μg ZEN over a period of four days. Based on the mycotoxin intake and ...
Musaiger Abdulrahman O - - 2013
Abstract The main objective of this study was to discover the association between the intake of certain foods and the occurrence of obesity among adolescent girls in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional multistage sampling method was conducted among girls aged 12-19 years in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The total sample was 512. ...
González-Rodríguez L G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D plays an essential role in bone mineralisation and its deficiency is associated with several chronic diseases. Some studies have reported a deficient status of vitamin D in Spanish and European population. The present study aimed to assess vitamin D intake, dietary sources of this nutrient and its ...
Khol J L - - 2013
Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP) causes Johne's disease (JD) in ruminants and is shed into the milk of infected cows, which contributes to the controversial discussion about a possible link between MAP and Crohn's disease in humans. The aim of the study was to investigate the risk for the entry ...
Hajimahmoodi Mannan - - 2013
Eight synthetic food colours were analysed by green liquid chromatography. Green liquid chromatography is an environmentally friendly technique which does not use organic solvents in the extraction procedure or in the chromatographic method. Analysis was carried out for the following colours: tartrazine (E102), indigotine (E132), Quinoline Yellow (E104), Ponceau 4R ...
Serniene L L a Department of Food Safety and Quality , Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Veterinary Academy , Kaunas , - - 2013
Monitoring data of group B pharmacologically active substances in the Republic of Lithuania during the period 1999-2008 are presented. Peer review is based on data taken from residue-monitoring plans of the years 1999-2008 and the National Food and Veterinary Risk Assessment Institute reports on analyses performed in various foods. The ...
Yu J H - - 2013
AIMS: Although hyperphagia is a common manifestation of diabetes mellitus, data on food craving in patients with diabetes are limited. This study compared food craving in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus and a control group without diabetes. METHODS: A total of 210 subjects (105 with Type 2 diabetes and 105 age-, ...
Eriksson Ulrika - - 2013
Diet and drinking water are suggested to be major exposure pathways for perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs). In this study, food items and water from Faroe Islands sampled in 2011/2012 were analyzed for 11 perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids (PFCAs) and 4 perfluoroalkane sulfonic acids (PFSAs). The food samples included milk, yoghurt, crème fraiche, ...
Wu Qiong - - 2013
Aim. To develop affordable, appropriate, and nutritious recipes based on local food resources and dietary practices that have the potential to improve infant feeding practices. Methods. We carried out a mixed methods study following the World Health Organization's evaluation guidelines on the promotion of child feeding. We recruited caregivers with ...
Nicodème Frédéric - - 2013
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess whether measurements of esophageal distensibility, made by high-resolution impedance planimetry, correlated with important clinical outcomes in patients with eosinophilic esophagitis. METHODS: Seventy patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (50 male, ages 18-68) underwent endoscopy with esophageal biopsy collection and high-resolution impedance ...
Ohtsuki Takashi - - 2013
An absolute quantification method for the determination of dehydroacetic acid in processed foods using quantitative (1)H NMR was developed and validated. The level of dehydroacetic acid was determined using the proton signals of dehydroacetic acid referenced to 1,4-bis (trimethylsilyl) benzene-d4 after simple solvent extraction from processed foods. All the recoveries ...
Knibb Rebecca C - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Food allergy has been shown to severely affect quality of life (QoL) in children and their families. The Anaphylaxis Campaign UK supports families with allergic children and as part of that support ran an activity holiday for those with food allergy. This study investigated the effectiveness of this activity ...
Tamburini Sabrina - - 2013
Foodborne illness due to bacterial pathogens is increasing worldwide as a consequence of the higher consumption of fresh and minimally processed food products, that are more easily cross-contaminated. The efficiency of food pasteurization methods is usually measured by Colony Forming Units (CFUs) plate counts, a method discriminating viable from dead ...
Biedermann Maurus - - 2013
A method for determining potentially health-relevant components in paperboard used for packaging dry foods as comprehensively as technically feasible was applied to a sample of recycled paperboard. The task was specified by a detection limit in food of 0.01mg/kg, from which a detection limit of 0.1mg/kg in paperboard was derived. ...
Adamson Ashley A Institute of Health & Society and Human Nutrition Research Centre, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, - - 2013
To outline the evolution of school food standards and their implementation and evaluation in each of the four countries of the UK since 2000. Review of relevant policies, surveys and evaluations, including country-specific surveys and regional evaluations. UK: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Primary and secondary schools and schoolchildren. ...
Liese Angela D - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Commercial listings of food retail outlets are increasingly used by community members and food policy councils and in multilevel intervention research to identify areas with limited access to healthier food. This study quantified the amount of count, type, and geospatial error in 2 commercial data sources. METHODS: InfoUSA and ...
Wate Jillian T - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been increasing in adolescents in Fiji and obesogenic dietary patterns need to be assessed to inform health promotion. The objective of this study was to identify the dietary patterns of adolescents in peri-urban Fiji and determine their relationships with standardized body mass index (BMI-z). METHODS: This study ...
Liu Sa - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Metal content in lip products has been an issue of concern. OBJECTIVES: We measured lead and eight other metals in a convenience sample of 32 lip products used by young Asian women in Oakland, California, USA, and assessed potential health risks related to estimated intakes of these metals. METHODS: ...
Kim J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The present study explored the association between dairy food consumption and the risk of the metabolic syndrome in Korean adults using the most recent nationally representative data. METHODS: The study sample comprised 4862 Korean adults (≥19 years) who participated in the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Dairy ...
Thomas Matthew C - - 2013
AIMS: Nine commercial DNA extraction kits were evaluated for the isolation of DNA from 10-fold serial dilutions of Bacillus anthracis spores using quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). The three kits determined by qPCR to yield the most sensitive and consistent detection (Epicenter MasterPure Gram Positive; MoBio PowerFood; ABI PrepSeq) were subsequently ...
Sebastian Rhonda S - - 2013
Accurate monitoring of US sodium intake requires familiarity with national dietary data collection and processing procedures. This article describes a data processing step that impacts sodium intake estimates, reasons for discontinuing the step, and implications of its discontinuation. This step, termed salt adjustment, was performed in US Department of Agriculture ...
Thevis Mario - - 2013
The illicit use of growth promoters in animal husbandry has frequently been reported in the past. Among the drugs misused to illegally increase the benefit of stock farming, clenbuterol has held a unique position due to the substance's composition, mechanism of action, metabolism, and disposition. Particularly clenbuterol's disposition in animals' ...
van den Berg Manon G A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate nutritional status, food intake, and dysphagia in long-term head and neck cancer survivors. METHODS: Thirty-two patients with stage III-IV head and neck cancer treated by chemoradiotherapy were invited to evaluate nutritional status (malnutrition, relative weight loss), food intake (food modification; quality), ...
Devi Anastasia Fitria - - 2013
There is an increasing demand to tailor the functional properties of mixed biopolymer systems that find application in dairy food products. The effect of static high pressure processing (HPP), up to 600MPa for 15min at room temperature, on milk-gelatin mixtures with different solid concentrations (5%, 10%, 15% and 20% w/w ...
Martins Carla C a Food and Nutrition Department , National Health Institute Doutor Ricardo Jorge, IP , Lisbon , - - 2013
Commercial infant food labelled as from organic and conventional origin (n = 87) was analysed for total mercury content using a direct mercury analyser (DMA). Median contents of mercury were 0.50, 0.50 and 0.40 μg kg(-1) for processed cereal-based food, infant formulae and baby foods, respectively, with a maximum value of 19.56 ...
Odoms-Young Angela M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed the impact of the 2009 food packages mandated by the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) on dietary intake and home food availability in low-income African-American and Hispanic parent/child dyads. DESIGN: A natural experiment was conducted to assess if the revised ...
Takci Sahin - - 2013
Background: Refrigeration of human milk has been recommended for its short-term storage. It has been shown that some nutritional, immunological, and bioactive properties and bactericidal activity of human milk can be altered during refrigeration. Pyrex bottles and polyethylene bags are 2 commonly used containers for human milk storage. Objective: The ...
Kim M J - - 2013
Aerobic plate counts (APC), coliforms, Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, and eight foodborne pathogens were tested in 1,008 cheap and junk foods, including candies, dried cakes, chewing gum, chocolate, dried and seasoned seafood, ice cream, and sugary foods. APCs were positive for 342 samples (33.9%), and the majority of the counts ...
Ramsay Samantha - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The influence of portion size on children's intake and self-regulation of food has gained attention; however, few studies have examined portion sizes in school lunch. This study investigated kindergarteners' intake when they were given different entrée portion sizes from the lunch menu. METHODS: Plate waste was used as a ...
Sharif Ishak Sharifah Intan Zainun - - 2013
The food choices in childhood have high a probability of being carried through into their adulthood life, which then contributes to the risk of many non-communicable diseases. Therefore, there is a need to gather some information about children's views on foods which may influence their food choices for planning a ...
Kwon Jaryoung - - 2013
We examined the characteristics of food allergy prevalence and suggested the basis of dietary guidelines for patients with food allergies and atopic dermatitis. A total of 2,417 patients were enrolled in this study. Each subject underwent a skin prick test as well as serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) measurement. A double-blind, ...
De Stefani Eduardo - - 2013
In the time period 1996-2004, 697 cases with lymphoid neoplasms and 3606 controls with nonneoplastic conditions were included in a case-control study conducted in the Cancer Institute of Uruguay. They were administered a routine questionnaire that included 8 sections and a food frequency questionnaire focused on intakes of total meat, ...
Orru' S - - 2013
Due to increased social awareness of allergens and population hyper-sensitization, the reported incidence of allergic reactions to food allergens has increased over the past two decades. Cow’s milk proteins (CMPs) are among the most common food allergens. The aim of this study was to use proteomics techniques to investigate cow’s ...
Tripodi S - - 2013
Specific oral tolerance induction to food (SOTI) is a new promising treatmentfor persistent IgE-mediatedfood allergy. Our paper reports a case of a 5-year-old girl with cow's milk allergy, who developed severe anaphylaxis after the ingestion of a croissant containing sheep's milk ricotta cheese, even though she had been previously desensitized ...
Song Wenlu - - 2013
Bisphenol A has been widely used in plastic containers and this has raised safety concerns for fetuses, infants, and young children. Aflatoxin B1, ochratoxin A, and patulin are among the most toxic regulated mycotoxins found as contaminants in agricultural crops and animal products. To facilitate the analysis of these chemicals ...
Beshara Monica - - 2013
Serving size is a modifiable determinant of energy consumption, and an important factor to address in the prevention and treatment of obesity. The present study tested an hypothesised negative association between individuals' everyday mindfulness and self-reported serving size of energy dense foods. The mediating role of mindful eating was also ...
Neumann Charlotte G - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of three different school snacks on morbidity outcomes. DESIGN: Twelve schools were randomized to either one of three feeding groups or a Control group. There were three schools per group in this cluster randomized trial. Children in feeding group schools received school snacks of a ...
Mejía-Rodríguez Fabiola - - 2013
This study aims to validate a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), specifically designed to retrospectively estimate dietary intake and supplement consumption during the first 2 years of life in children from resource poor households in semi-rural Mexico. The FFQ querying about diet during the first 2 years of life was administered to mothers ...
Ganopoulos Ioannis - - 2013
Animal species identification of milk and dairy products has received increasing attention concerning food composition, traceability, allergic pathologies and accurate consumer information. Here we sought to develop an easy to use and robust method for species identification in cheese with emphasis on an authenticity control of PDO Feta cheese products. ...
Petigara Harp Bhakti - - 2013
This study describes a new method for determining FD&C Blue No. 1, FD&C Blue No. 2, FD&C Green No. 3, FD&C Red No. 3, FD&C Red No. 40, FD&C Yellow No. 5, and FD&C Yellow No. 6 in food products. These seven color additives are water-soluble dyes that are required ...
Ha M-S - - 2013
The dietary intakes of nine synthetic food colours - amaranth, erythrosine, Allura Red, Ponceau 4R, tartrazine, Sunset Yellow FCF, Fast Green FCF, Brilliant Blue FCF and indigo carmine - permitted in Korea were estimated based on food consumption data for consumers and their concentrations in processed foods. The estimated daily ...
Clayton Heather B HB Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Workforce Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA. - - 2013
To examine the prevalence of, and mothers' self-reported reasons for, introducing solid foods to infants earlier than recommended (aged <4 months) and the variation in reasons for early introduction by milk feeding type. The study included 1334 mothers who participated in the national longitudinal Infant Feeding Practices Study II (2005-2007). ...
Eichen Dawn M DM Department of Psychology, Temple University, 400 Weiss Hall, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA. - - 2013
There is growing interest in conceptualizing obesity as a "food addiction." The current study investigated the prevalence and correlates of "food addiction" (FA), as defined by the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) in 178 (133 F, 45M) persons seeking weight loss treatment. Participants had a mean age of 51.2±11.7years and ...
Ferraris Daniela C - - 2013
The main objective was to estimate the optimum thickness of meat from a consumers' perspective. Breaded beef (known as "milanesa" in Spanish speaking countries and as "schnitzels" in Austria) is a food product prepared with a slice of meat that is dipped in beaten egg to then be covered in ...
González de Cossío Teresita - - 2013
We present: 1) indicators of infant and young child feeding practices (IYCFP) and median age of introduction of foods analyzed by geographic and socioeconomic variables for the 2006 national probabilistic Health Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT-2006); and 2) changes in IYCFP indicators between the 1999 national probabilistic Nutrition Survey and ENSANUT-2006, analyzed ...
Faith Myles S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The heritability of foodneophobia, the tendency to avoid new foods, was tested in 4- to 7-year-oldtwins. We also examined whether food neophobia is associated with parent-child feeding relations or child body fat. DESIGN AND METHODS: We studied sixty-six same-sex twin pairs, including 37 monozygotic (MZ) and 29 dizygotic (DZ) ...
Sarmugam Rani - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Initiatives promoting the reduction of high-salt food consumption by consumers need to be partly based on current levels of salt knowledge in the population. However, to date there is no validated salt knowledge questionnaire that could be used to assess population knowledge about dietary salt (i.e. salt knowledge). Therefore, ...
Hutchesson M J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Innovative dietary intake measurement tools, such as web-based food records, are becoming increasingly available for self-monitoring. However, the accuracy of this method has not been well studied. This pilot study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of energy intake (EI) estimated by a web-based food record, by comparison with total ...
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