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Results 651 - 700 of 2034
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Sharma Sangita - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Research indicates that a diet rich in whole grains may reduce the risk of prevalent chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and some cancers, and that risk for these diseases varies by ethnicity. The objective of the current study was to identify major dietary sources of grains and describe ...
Cocolin Luca - - 2013
Culture independent methods first appeared in the food microbiology field at the end of the 90s and since then they have been applied extensively. These methods do not rely on cultivation and target nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) to identify and follow the changes that occur in the main populations ...
Herzke Dorte - - 2013
The human diet is recognised as one possible major exposure route to the overall perfluorinated alkylated substances (PFAS) burden of the human population, resulting directly from contamination of dietary food items, as well as migration of PFAS from food packaging or cookware. Most European countries carry out national monitoring programs ...
Landais E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In the context of a rapidly increasing prevalence of noncommunicable diseases, fruit and vegetables could play a key preventive role. To date, there is no rapid assessment tool available for measuring the fruit and vegetable intakes of North-African women. The present study aimed to investigate the reproducibility and relative ...
Foster E - - 2013
Novel methods of assessing dietary intake are required to reduce the participant burden in dietary surveys, improve participation rates and thereby improve the representativeness of the sample and minimise the impact of measuring dietary intake on a subject's food intake during the recording period. One method of reducing the burden ...
Sprake E F - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Homeless people in the UK and elsewhere have typically been found to consume a nutritionally inadequate diet. There is need for contemporary research to update our understanding within this field. The present study aimed to provide an insight into the nutrient intake and food choice of a sample of ...
Martinolli Francesco - - 2013
Food allergy is an increasingly prevalent problem all over the world and especially in westernized countries, and there is an unmet medical need for an effective form of therapy. During childhood natural tolerance development is frequent, but some children with cow's milk or hen's egg allergy and the majority of ...
Beckmann Manfred - - 2013
SCOPE: Understanding relationships between dietary whole grain and health is hindered by incomplete knowledge of potentially bioactive metabolites derived from these foods. We aimed to discover compounds in urine correlated with changes in amounts of whole grain rye consumption. METHODS AND RESULTS: After a wash-out period, volunteers consumed 48-g whole ...
Lyons N A - - 2013
Cows milked in pasture-based automatic milking systems (AMS) have greater milking intervals than cows milked in indoor AMS. Long milking intervals greater than 16 h have a negative effect on milk yield and udder health. The impact of 2 systems of pasture allocation in AMS on milking interval and yield ...
Thornton Lukar E - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Cross-country differences in dietary behaviours and obesity rates have been previously reported. Consumption of energy-dense snack foods and soft drinks are implicated as contributing to weight gain, however little is known about how the availability of these items within supermarkets varies internationally. This study assessed variations in the display ...
Caminiti Lucia - - 2013
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is an uncommon and potentially severe non IgE-mediated gastrointestinal food allergy. It is usually caused by cow's milk or soy proteins, but may also be triggered by ingestion of solid foods. The diagnosis is made on the basis of clinical history and symptoms. Management of ...
Bruner B G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are increasing concerns among Aboriginal women, and lifestyle behaviours (i.e. dietary patterns and physical activity) are considered to be contributing factors. The present study aimed to explore the social, cultural, behavioural and environmental factors influencing diet intake from a trans-generational perspective and to characterise the dietary ...
Opet Nathan J - - 2013
Foods contaminated with pathogens are common sources of illness. Currently the most common and sensitive rapid detection method involves the PCR. However, food matrices are complex, and contain inhibitors which limit the sensitivity of the PCR. The use of coated activated carbon can effectively facilitate the removal of PCR inhibitors ...
Afeiche M - - 2013
STUDY QUESTION: Is increased consumption of dairy foods associated with lower semen quality? SUMMARY ANSWER: We found that intake of full-fat dairy was inversely related to sperm motility and morphology. These associations were driven primarily by intake of cheese and were independent of overall dietary patterns. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: ...
Nicholas Jo - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: To assess lunchtime provision of food and drink in English secondary schools and the choices and consumption of food and drink by pupils having school lunches, and to compare provision in 2011 with that in 2004. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data collected between October 2010 and April 2011. In each school, ...
Hayes P - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Food is one of the most commonly reported triggers of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) symptoms. However, the role of diet in the aetiology and management of IBS has not been clearly established. The present study aimed to examine the dietary practices of Irish patients with IBS and to determine ...
Shrivas Kamlesh - - 2013
Dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction (DLLME) is applied for the determination of copper in cereals and vegetable food samples using flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). The maximum extraction efficiency of copper was obtained after the optimisation of parameters such as extraction and dispersing solvents, pH, concentration of 2,9-dimethyl-1,10-phenanothroline (DPT), N-phenylbenzimidoyl thiourea (PBITU) ...
Nguyen Phuong H - - 2013
Dietary diversity (DD) reflects micronutrient adequacy of the diet and is associated with better child growth. Emerging evidence suggests that maternal and child DD are associated. This could have measurement and programmatic implications. Data on mother-child (6-24 mo) dyads in Bangladesh, Vietnam, and Ethiopia were used to examine agreement and ...
Lyons N A - - 2013
Cows milked in a pasture-based automatic milking system tend to have a lower daily milking frequency in comparison with cows milked in indoor systems. Milking events with intervals beyond 16 h have been reported to have a negative effect on milk yield and udder health, and therefore it is important ...
Chen Tingtao - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Probiotics have been widely used in the food industry and medicine fields in China, but few studies have been conducted to evaluate the actual microbial amounts and species in probiotic products, which may conflict with the labels and mislead consumers to choose inappropriate foods or medicines. RESULTS: Twenty commercial ...
Faulkner G P - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:To compare portion size (PS) estimates, perceived energy density (ED) and anticipated consumption guilt (ACG) for healthier vs standard foods.METHODS:Three pairs of isoenergy dense (kJ per 100 g) foods-healthier vs standard cereals, drinks and coleslaws-were selected. For each food, subjects served an appropriate PS for themselves and estimated its ED. Subjects ...
Penaforte F R O - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Evidences have suggested that larger utensils may provoke 'size-contrast illusions', influencing the perceived volume and food consumption. OBJECTIVE: To analyse the influence of plate size on the visual estimate of food portion size. METHODS: Two 400 g portions of pasta with tomato sauce were presented on two plates of different ...
Boddy L M - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To investigate changes in intakes of 'negative' and 'positive' foods, fruit, vegetables, and salad in serial cohorts of 9-10-year-old children from 2000-2001 to 2010-2011. METHODS: For this serial, cross-sectional study, children in school year 5 (9-10 years of age) completed the SportsLinx Lifestyles Survey [n = 30 239 (15 336 boys and 14 903 girls)]. ...
Vestergren Robin - - 2013
Beef and dairy products may be important vectors of human exposure to perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs), but the understanding of how PFAAs are accumulated and transferred through agricultural food chains is very limited. Here, the bioaccumulation of PFAAs in dairy cows receiving naturally contaminated feed and drinking water was investigated by ...
Mason Susan M - - 2013
Objective: Child abuse appears to increase obesity risk in adulthood, but the mechanisms are unclear. This study examined the association between child abuse victimization and food addiction, a measure of stress-related overeating, in 57,321 adult participants in the Nurses' Health Study II (NHSII). Design and Methods: The NHSII ascertained physical ...
Knibb Rebecca C - - 2013
The Paediatric Food Allergy Quality of Life Questionnaire (PFA-QL) was the first tool to be developed for assessing health-related quality of life (QoL) in children with food allergy. It has been used in a number of published studies, but has not been validated. The aim of the current study was ...
Böhn Lena - - 2013
Despite the fact that food and diet are central issues, that concern patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), the current understanding about the association between the intake of certain foods/food groups and the gastrointestinal (GI) symptom pattern, psychological symptoms, and quality of life is poor. The aim of this study ...
Koohy-Kamaly-Dehkordy Paliz - - 2013
The microbiological quality of 351 samples of nine types of spices including black pepper, caraway, cinnamon, cow parsnip, curry powder, garlic powder, red pepper, sumac, and turmeric, collected from retail shops in Tehran during 2007, was determined. The numbers of aerobic mesophilic bacteria, Escherichia coli, and molds exceeded Iran's National ...
Ha Mi-Sun - - 2013
Abstract Using a stepwise assessment of the exposure of Korean consumers to acesulfame K and sucralose, theoretical maximum daily intakes of the sweeteners were calculated using the Budget screening method, which resulted in values greater than the acceptable daily intakes (ADIs). Accordingly, the daily intakes of the sweeteners based on ...
Flood Victoria M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: A simple FFQ which ranks young children's dietary habits is necessary for population-based monitoring and intervention programmes. The aim of the present study was to determine the reliability and validity of a short FFQ to assess the dietary habits of young children aged 2-5 years. DESIGN: Parents completed a ...
Guo Yaodong - - 2013
This study was conducted to investigate the occurrence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) in milk products in China using the competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method and to estimate the dietary exposure to this toxin through a probabilistic approach. Based on the exposure assessment results, a quantitative cancer potency formula developed by ...
Winberg Anna - - 2013
Double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges are considered the most reliable method to diagnose or rule out food allergy. Despite this, there are few validated challenge recipes available. The present study aimed to validate new recipes for low-dose double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges in school children, by investigating whether there were any sensory ...
Bu Guanhao - - 2013
Milk processing technologies for the control of cow's milk protein allergens are reviewed in this paper. Cow's milk is a high nutritious food; however, it is also one of the most common food allergens. The major allergens from cow's milk have been found to be β-lactoglobulin, α-lactalbumin and caseins. Strategies ...
Ricci R - - 2013
Failure to respond to commercial limited antigen diets can occur in dogs kept on a dietary trial for the diagnosis of adverse food reaction (AFR). The aim of this study was to assess twelve canine dry limited antigen diets (eleven novel protein diets and one hydrolysed diet) for potential contamination ...
Kim Hye One - - 2013
It is well known that atopic dermatitis (AD) is related to food hypersensitivity, although its prevalence varies among several studies according to age group, severity, country, survey time, and test method. To examine the prevalence and status of food hypersensitivity among childhood AD patients in Korea. A total of 95 ...
Prazeres de Assis Priscila - - 2013
Objective: To characterize the food habits, nutritional status and quality of life of patients in the postoperative period of bariatric surgery to Fobi-Capella. Methods: Analytical cross-sectional study was conducted with 66 patients underwent bariatric surgery and monitoring by the staff of the Hospital Universitario Oswaldo Cruz (HUOC), in northeast Brazil. ...
Cribb Victoria L VL School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8 2BN, UK. - - 2013
Vitamin A is essential for growth and development. We investigated whether high consumption of energy-dense nutrient-poor foods in the diets of pre-school children is detrimental to diet quality with respect to vitamin A. Data were collected from 755 children at 18-months and 3½-years, from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents ...
Anderson G Harvey GH Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ONT, Canada. - - 2013
The objective of this review is to discuss the effect of white vegetable consumption on glycemia, satiety, and food intake. White vegetables is a term used to refer to vegetables that are white or near white in color and include potatoes, cauliflowers, turnips, onions, parsnips, white corn, kohlrabi, and mushrooms ...
King Janet C JC Division of Nutrition and Metabolism, Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, CA, USA. - - 2013
The white potato is a concentrated source of carbohydrate, dietary fiber, and resistant starch and continues to be the staple food of choice for many cultures. The white potato is also a concentrated source of vitamin C and potassium. Two of the nutrients in white potatoes, dietary fiber and potassium, ...
Copeland Kristen A KA Division of General and Community Pediatrics, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center and Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA. - - 2013
Most young children are in child care. Previous studies suggest that children may receive insufficient vegetables, and foods and beverages with added sugars, fats, and sodium in these settings. None have compared the nutritional quality of meals to snacks. Directors from 258 full-day child-care centers in two urban counties of ...
Yasui Takahiro - - 2013
To clarify the association between regional variations in urolithiasis incidence and nutrition intake, we evaluated associated data from Japanese national surveys. The incidence of urolithiasis in 12 regions of Japan was calculated from 2005 patient data obtained from 430 hospitals (n = 92,797). Nutrition intake data were obtained from the National Health ...
McGowan C A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To date, there are no food frequency questionnaires that have been validated to assess nutrient intakes in pregnant women in Ireland. The present study aimed to assess the relative validity of a self-administered food frequency questionnaire during pregnancy. METHODS: The food frequency questionnaire was administered once during pregnancy between ...
Lascano-Alcoser V H - - 2013
Dioxins are environmental pollutants, potentially present in milk products, which have negative consequences for human health and for the firms and farms involved in the dairy chain. Dioxin monitoring in feed and food has been implemented to detect their presence and estimate their levels in food chains. However, the costs ...
Kim Dong-Hyeon - - 2013
Blood-yolk-polymyxin B-trimethoprim agar (BYPTA) was developed by the addition of egg yolk, laked horse blood, sodium pyruvate, polymyxin B, and trimethoprim, and compared with mannitol-yolk-polymyxin B agar (MYPA) for the isolation and enumeration of Bacillus cereus (B. cereus) in pure culture and various food samples. In pure culture, there was ...
Powell Mark R - - 2013
Much of the literature regarding food safety sampling plans implicitly assumes that all lots entering commerce are tested. In practice, however, only a fraction of lots may be tested due to a budget constraint. In such a case, there is a tradeoff between the number of lots tested and the ...
Bradley Emma L - - 2013
Methodology for the determination of 15 phthalate diesters (dimethyl phthalate, diethyl phthalate, diisopropyl phthalate, diallyl phthalate, diisobutyl phthalate, di-n-butyl phthalate, di-n-pentyl phthalate, di-n-hexyl phthalate, benzyl butyl phthalate, dicyclohexyl phthalate, di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, di-n-octyl phthalate, diisononyl phthalate, diisodecyl phthalate, and di-n-decyl phthalate) is described. The method was validated in-house and its broad ...
Howe Anna S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Associations between food choice and body composition in previous studies of adolescents have been inconsistent. This may be due to the body composition measures used, or these associations may be affected by the dieting status of adolescents. The objective of this study was to investigate the association between dietary ...
Warth Benedikt - - 2013
This study reports on the detailed investigation of human deoxynivalenol (DON) and zearalenone (ZEN) in vivo metabolism through the analysis of urine samples obtained from one volunteer following a naturally contaminated diet containing 138μg DON and 10μg ZEN over a period of four days. Based on the mycotoxin intake and ...
Musaiger Abdulrahman O - - 2013
Abstract The main objective of this study was to discover the association between the intake of certain foods and the occurrence of obesity among adolescent girls in Saudi Arabia. A cross-sectional multistage sampling method was conducted among girls aged 12-19 years in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The total sample was 512. ...
González-Rodríguez L G - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D plays an essential role in bone mineralisation and its deficiency is associated with several chronic diseases. Some studies have reported a deficient status of vitamin D in Spanish and European population. The present study aimed to assess vitamin D intake, dietary sources of this nutrient and its ...
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