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Results 601 - 650 of 1793
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Aaron Grant J GJ Program in International and Community Nutrition and the Department of Nutrition, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, - - 2013
Currently, no simplified approach to estimating food costs exists for a large, nationally representative sample. The objective was to compare 2 approaches for estimating individual daily diet costs in a population of low-income women in California. Cost estimates based on time-intensive method 1 (three 24-h recalls and associated food prices ...
Ma Xiaoguang - - 2013
There is a lack of validated and reliable instruments on perception of the food environment, in particular for rural environments. We estimated the test-retest reliability of a questionnaire assessing perceptions of the food environment. A total of 101 primary food shoppers in South Carolina were interviewed by phone to assess ...
Grass Julian E - - 2013
Abstract Clostridium perfringens is estimated to be the second most common bacterial cause of foodborne illness in the United States, causing one million illnesses each year. Local, state, and territorial health departments voluntarily report C. perfringens outbreaks to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention through the Foodborne Disease ...
Casiraghi Maria Cristina - - 2013
In this study, nutritional and sensory properties of pasta enriched with 30% immature wheat grain (IWG), a natural source of fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS), are evaluated. Colour and cooking quality, nutritional value and glycaemic index (GI) of pasta were assessed in comparison with commercially enriched inulin and 100% wholewheat pastas. IWG integration ...
Eldin Carole C Faculté de Médecine, Université de la Méditerranée, Marseille, France. - - 2013
Transmission by the oral route of Coxiella burnetii is controversial. Our objective was to evaluate dairy products in the transmission of Q fever. Pasteurized, unpasteurized, and thermized dairy products were tested for C. burnetii by using a quantitative polymerase chain reaction specific for IS1111 and IS30A spacers, culturing in human ...
Zielinski Garrett - - 2013
Fiber is known to be an important part of our nutrition and has many positive health benefits, including weight management and maintaining heart health. In recent years, a number of new ingredients have been manufactured or isolated that are being used to increase the health benefits of a product. Some ...
Mendoza Jason A - - 2013
Determine the relationship between food insecurity and CD4 counts and viral suppression among pediatric HIV-positive patients. Food insecurity was assessed by validated survey. CD4 counts and viral load were abstracted from patients' charts. We used linear regression for the dependent variable of the natural log of CD4 counts and logistic ...
Pardilla Marla - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To assess levels of and identify factors associated with food insecurity on the Navajo Nation. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted utilizing the ten-item Radimer/Cornell food insecurity instrument. Sociodemographic, psychosocial and anthropometric data were collected. SETTING: Navajo Nation, USA. SUBJECTS: Two hundred and seventy-six members of the Navajo Nation ...
Barichella Michela - - 2013
Dietary treatment is important for the management of Parkinson's disease (PD). Our objective was to describe the dietary habits and assess the nutritional status of Ghanaian patients with PD. This study is part of a larger project, for which Ghana has been selected as a pilot country. Fifty-five Ghanaian patients ...
Silfrany R O - - 2013
In the Dominican Republic, poultry consumption per capita is greater than 34 kg of poultry meat per year. However, antibiotics, specifically the quinolone group, may be overused and can result in residues in the poultry meat. These residues are of concern because consumers may have allergies to antibiotics and antibiotic-resistant ...
Stumbo Phyllis J - - 2013
Methods for conducting dietary assessment in the United States date back to the early twentieth century. Methods of assessment encompassed dietary records, written and spoken dietary recalls, FFQ using pencil and paper and more recently computer and internet applications. Emerging innovations involve camera and mobile telephone technology to capture food ...
Azadbakht Leila - - 2013
To assess the association between consuming or skipping breakfast and dietary quality indices such as the Healthy Eating Index (HEI), the Dietary Diversity Score (DDS), diversity scores of different food groups, and anthropometric measurements in young Isfahanian women. Women 18 to 28 y old were selected randomly from among university ...
Anarjan Navideh - - 2013
Solubilising astaxanthin in nanodispersion systems is a promising approach to incorporate astaxanthin into water-based food formulations. In this research, the chemical stabilities of astaxanthin nanodispersions diluted in orange juice and skimmed milk as model food systems and in deionised water as a control were evaluated. The nanodispersions displayed significantly (p<0.05) ...
Zhao Xihong - - 2013
In this study, a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method to rapidly detect Staphylococcus aureus strains was developed and evaluated by extensively applying a large number of S. aureus isolates from clinical and food samples. Six primers were specially designed for recognizing eight distinct sequences on the species-specific femA gene of ...
Cunsolo Vincenzo - - 2013
Donkey's milk (DM), representing a safe and alternative food in both IgE-mediated and non-IgE-mediated cow's milk protein allergy, can be categorized as precious pharma-food. Moreover, an economically relevant interest for the use of DM in cosmetology is also developing. The detection of adulterations and contaminations of DM is a matter ...
Barbosa Flávia Dos Santos Fdos - - 2013
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) method allows the distributions of usual intake of nutrients and foods to be estimated. This method can be used in complex surveys. However, the user must perform additional calculations, such as balanced repeated replication (BRR), in order to obtain standard errors and confidence intervals for ...
Fisberg Regina Mara - - 2013
To estimate the prevalence of inadequate nutrient intake in the Brazilian elderly. This study was based on data from the National Dietary Survey, part of the Household Budget Survey 2008-2009. All individuals aged 60 and over, totaling 4,322 individuals, were included. Individual food intake was obtained from food records from ...
Cohen Juliana F W - - 2013
The National School Lunch Program has been guided by modest nutrient standards, and the palatability of meals, which drives consumption, receives inadequate attention. School food waste can have important nutritional and cost implications for policymakers, students, and their families. Nutrient losses and economic costs associated with school meal waste were ...
Monakhova Yulia B - - 2013
A methodology utilizing 1H NMR spectroscopy has been developed to measure the concentration of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) in dietary supplements. For sample preparation, a very simple dilution with deuterated chloroform and addition of internal standard is sufficient. CoQ10 produces a distinct peak of the CH groups in the isoprene side ...
Rawat Rahul R Poverty, Health, and Nutrition Division, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC, - - 2013
We assessed the association between dietary diversity and CD4 count, moderate anemia, and mortality among 876 antiretroviral therapy-naive people living with HIV/AIDS infection (PLHIV) in Uganda. Participants were interviewed and followed for an average of 21.6 months. Dietary diversity was measured using the Individual Dietary Diversity Score (IDDS) (range, 0-12) ...
Lucendo Alfredo J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although empiric exclusion from the diet of the 6 food groups most likely to trigger allergies achieves eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) remission in children, data on its prolonged efficacy and effects on adults are lacking. OBJECTIVE: We sought to evaluate the efficacy of a 6-food elimination diet in inducing and ...
Salas Rogelio - - 2013
Nutrition is recognized as one of the major health determinants, and so a healthy diet may contribute to the delay or prevention of an important number of chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to assess the current food consumption habits of the Balearic Islands adult population. A cross-sectional ...
Rice Beth H - - 2013
The 2010 Dietary Guidelines for Americans indicate the US population is experiencing an epidemic of overweight and obesity while maintaining a nutrient-poor, energy-dense diet associated with an increased risk of osteoarthritis, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes. To build upon the review of published research in the Report of the ...
Nalty Courtney C - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Food insecurity is associated with detrimental physical, psychological, behavioral, social, and educational functioning in children and adults. Greater than one-quarter of all Hispanic households in the U.S. are food insecure. Hispanic families in the U.S. comprise 30% of households with food insecurity at the child level, the most ...
Camara Johanna E - - 2013
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is developing a wide variety of Standard Reference Materials (SRMs) to support measurements of vitamins and other nutrients in foods. Previously, NIST has provided SRMs with values assigned for the folate vitamer, folic acid (pteroylglutamic acid), which is fortified in several foods ...
Fayet Flavia - - 2013
In Australia, 60% of children (9-16 years) are not meeting the estimated average requirement (EAR) for calcium, and milk is an important dietary source of calcium. We hypothesized that milk drinking (plain or flavored) would be associated with higher milk and nutrient intake among Australian children. Nutrient intakes reported via ...
Ludman S - - 2013
BACKGROUND: There are guidelines on how to develop a food challenge protocol, but at present there is no gold standard guidance on method, and separate units produce differing protocols. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 200 patients' data from the paediatric allergy units in Lausanne and Geneva, Western Switzerland, ...
Clark Shannon M - - 2013
The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), recently validated in college students and binge eaters, is a means to assess "food addiction" in accordance with DSM-IV criteria for substance dependence. Using online survey methodology, we aimed to validate the use of the YFAS among weight loss surgery (WLS) patients. Participants completed ...
Pelikan Zdenek - - 2013
Background: Cow's milk allergy can participate in pathophysiological mechanisms underlying bronchial asthma in some adult patients. This role should ultimately be confirmed by means of a milk ingestion challenge. In this study, the diagnostic value of the open food ingestion challenge (OFICH) and the double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) techniques ...
Smith Chery - - 2013
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to characterize western food adopters among Nepalese women and to investigate whether caste and class play an important role as a barrier to food adoption, thus limiting access to the globalizing market. It was hypothesized that women who consumed and prepared above average ...
Ryan John Jake - - 2013
In the period from 1985 to 1999, about 600 samples of total diet foods from Canadian cites were analysed for dioxins, furans and non-ortho-PCBs. Toxic equivalent (TEQ) concentrations on a lipid basis were found to be the highest in dairy and beef products followed by poultry and pork. These levels ...
Kotzekidou Parthena - - 2013
During a 10-year inspection survey (2001-2010), a microbiological study of ready-to-eat (RTE) foods and ready-to-bake frozen pastries from 15 canteens of the university campus was undertaken to determine their microbiological quality. The cumulative study revealed that the aerobic colony counts for the RTE product groups were as follows: from 10(6) ...
Luzio Gary A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: In Florida, 90% of citrus is processed into juice, leaving large amounts of peel waste that could be processed into food ingredients such as pectins for other applications. Pectins of low degree of methylation (DM < 50) have important functional properties for use in foods and pharmaceuticals. Thus determination ...
Ovando-Martínez Maribel - - 2013
 Starch has unique physicochemical characteristics among food carbohydrates. Starch contributes to the physicochemical attributes of food products made from roots, legumes, cereals, and fruits. It occurs naturally as distinct particles, called granules. Most starch granules are a mixture of 2 sugar polymers: a highly branched polysaccharide named amylopectin and a ...
Vandamme Dries - - 2013
The global demand for biomass for food, feed, biofuels, and chemical production is expected to increase in the coming decades. Microalgae are a promising new source of biomass that may complement agricultural crops. Production of microalgae has so far been limited to high-value applications. In order to realize large-scale production ...
Miyaji Makoto - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of substituting brown rice grain for corn grain in total mixed ration (TMR) silage containing food by-products on the milk production, whole-tract nutrient digestibility and nitrogen balance in dairy cows. Six multiparous Holstein cows were used in a crossover design ...
Bath Sarah C - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Iodine deficiency has recently been found in UK young and pregnant women, which is of concern given the importance of adequate iodine intake in pregnancy for fetal brain development. The WHO recommends that iodine deficiency in a population should be corrected through salt iodisation but there is a lack ...
Cucu Tatiana - - 2013
Food allergy represents an important food safety issue because of the potential lethal effects and the only effective treatment is the complete removal of the allergen involved from diet. However, due to the growing complexity of food formulations and food processing, foods may be unintentionally contaminated via allergen-containing ingredients or ...
Abreu S - - 2013
What is already known about this subject Diet and physical activity (PA) are recognized as important factors to prevent abdominal obesity (AO). Studies have found an inverse relationship between milk intake or milk products and body weight and/or body fat in children and adolescents. Evidence suggests that low levels of ...
Kirkpatrick Sharon I - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate five popular fast-food chains' menus in relation to dietary guidance. DESIGN: Menus posted on chains' websites were coded using the Food and Nutrient Database for Dietary Studies and MyPyramid Equivalents Database to enable Healthy Eating Index-2005 (HEI-2005) scores to be assigned. Dollar or value and kids' menus ...
Vian Izabele - - 2013
Previous studies have shown that maternal consumption of polyphenol-rich foods after the third trimester of pregnancy may interfere with the anatomical and functional activity of the fetal heart as, to our knowledge, there are no validated instruments to quantify total polyphenols in pregnant women. The aim of this study was ...
Al-Hussaini Abdulrahman - - 2013
BACKGROUND: To our knowledge, in Asia, data on utility of allergy tests in management of eosinophilic esophagitis are lacking. The objective of our study was to determine the role of allergy evaluation in management of Saudi children with eosinophilic esophagitis. METHODS: Children diagnosed as having eosinophilic esophagitis during the period ...
Gibson Sigrid - - 2013
ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Various recommendations exist for total water intake (TWI), yet this is seldom reported in dietary surveys. Few studies have examined how real-life consumption patterns, including beverage type, variety and timing relate to TWI and energy intake (EI). METHODS: We analysed weighed dietary records from the National Diet and ...
Campbell H - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Orofacial granulomatosis (OFG) is a chronic granulomatous condition of the mouth, face and lips. Recent work demonstrates a high rate of atopy and silver birch sensitisation from skin prick testing (SPT). Oral allergy syndrome (OAS) is an acute oro-pharyngeal IgE mediated reaction, triggered by foods that cross react with ...
Fung Irene - - 2013
High epitope diversity has been associated with increased IgE-mediated food allergy severity. To characterize associations between results from an automated microarray system and self-reported food allergy and food-triggered atopic dermatitis (AD). Families with food allergic children were identified from a Jewish community in Lakewood, New Jersey, with immediate family members ...
Soberon F - - 2013
Data from calf studies conducted over the past 20 yr has shown that pre-weaning nutrient intake, from milk or milk replacer, can have profound effects on development of the calf that enhance first lactation and lifetime productivity. Many of the studies show positive but not significant effects of pre-weaning nutrition ...
Murphy Cory J - - 2013
The metals subgroup of AOAC INTERNATIONAL's Community on Chemical Contaminants and Residues in Food has been engaged for the past several years in discussions concerning the requirements for the single-laboratory validation (SLV) of methods for the determination of trace elements in foods. This paper reviews the general guidance currently available ...
Shinozaki Yohei - - 2013
Because soy milk is nutrient rich and nearly neutral in pH, it favors the growth of microbial contaminants. To ensure that soy milk meets food-safety standards, it must be pasteurized and have its sterility confirmed. ATP bioluminescence assay has become a widely accepted means of detecting food microorganisms. However, the ...
Shiby V K - - 2013
Fermented foods and beverages possess various nutritional and therapeutic properties. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) play a major role in determining the positive health effects of fermented milks and related products. The L. acidophilus and Bifidobacteria spp are known for their use in probiotic dairy foods. Cultured products sold with any ...
Brantsæter Anne Lise - - 2013
Pregnant women and infants are exceptionally vulnerable to iodine deficiency. The aims of the present study were to estimate iodine intake, to investigate sources of iodine, to identify predictors of low or suboptimal iodine intake (defined as intakes below 100 μg/day and 150 μg/day) in a large population of pregnant ...
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