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Results 601 - 650 of 2068
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Smith J P - - 2013
Background:The contribution of breastfeeding and mothers milk to the economy is invisible in economic statistics.Objective:This article demonstrates how the economic value of human milk production can be included in economic statistics such as gross domestic product (GDP) and provides estimates for Australia, the United States, and Norway.Methods:The contribution of human ...
Renna Massimiliano - - 2013
Chicory stems, appreciated both raw and cooked, represent nutritious and refined food. The effects on the quality of stems cooked by conventional (boiling, steaming, microwaving) and innovative (sous-vide) methods were analysed. Several physical, chemical and sensorial traits were compared using two local varieties (Galatina and Molfettese) of the southern Italy ...
Nash Danielle M - - 2013
To advance the knowledge of determinants of diet quality in pregnancy by focusing on both personal characteristics and the food environment. Cross-sectional study in which participants from the Prenatal Health Project were linked to a geographic dataset by home address. Access to fast food, convenience stores, and grocery stores was ...
Bedi J S - - 2013
Punjab state in India is an agrarian society, where agriculture is the lifeline of farming community. To keep pace with increasing demands of food for growing population the indiscriminate use of pesticides has led to the contamination of environment and food commodities in this region. Analysis of human breast milk ...
Royo-Bordonada Miguel A - - 2013
To evaluate compliance with the self-regulation agreement of the food and drink vending machine sector in primary schools in Madrid, Spain. Cross-sectional study of the prevalence of vending machines in 558 primary schools in 2008. Using the directory of all registered primary schools in Madrid, we identified the presence of ...
Li S P - - 2013
Root of Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen (Sanqi in Chinese) is one of traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) based functional food. Saponins are the major bioactive components. The shortage of reference compounds or chemical standards is one of the main bottlenecks for quality control of TCMs. A novel strategy, i.e. standardized ...
Raffo Antonio - - 2013
Quantitation of tr-cinnamaldehyde, safrole and myristicin was carried out in 70 samples of cola-flavoured soft drinks purchased in eight European countries with the purpose of assessing the variability in the levels of these substances. Results indicated a limited variability in the content of the three substances: the ratio between the ...
Castro Jiménez A - - 2013
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic inflammatory emerging disease of the esophagus with immunoallergic aetiology. The allergens involved have not been clearly defined and may depend on the exposure of the population to aeroallergens or food antigens. Patients diagnosed with EoE between 2006 and 2011 were referred to our Allergy ...
Vergé X P C - - 2013
The Canadian dairy sector is a major industry with about 1 million cows. This industry emits about 20% of the total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the main livestock sectors (beef, dairy, swine, and poultry). In 2006, the Canadian dairy herd produced about 7.7 Mt of raw milk, resulting in ...
Fournier Agnès - - 2013
This study was aimed to determine the kinetics of contamination and decontamination of PCBs and PCDD/Fs in milk of lactating goats. Four goats were fed during 39 days with corn silage collected in an area accidentally contaminated, and then with uncontaminated silage during 20 days. Concentrations of DL-PCBs + PCDD/Fs ...
Burgoine Thomas - - 2013
The use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to objectively measure 'obesogenic' food environment (foodscape) exposure has become common-place. This increase in usage has coincided with the development of a methodologically heterogeneous evidence-base, with subsequent perceived difficulties for inter-study comparability. However, when used together in previous work, different types of food ...
Cheng Junhu J a College of Light Industry and Food Sciences , South China University of Technology , Guangzhou , 510641 , - - 2013
Abstract The freshness quality of fish plays an important role in human health and the acceptance of consumers as well as in international fishery trade. Recently, with food safety becoming a critical issue of great concern in the world, determination and evaluation of fish freshness is much more significant in ...
Clerfeuille Edouard - - 2013
Individual diet modeling with linear programming recently provided evidence that plant-based products, fish, and fresh dairy products consumption should be increased in the French population to reach nutrient-based recommendations. The aim of our study was to estimate the number of portions of the different milk-based food categories fitting into nutritionally ...
Federly Tara J - - 2013
Food specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) (fsIgE) cut points are used in the evaluation of food allergies. Concomitant measurement of total IgE (tIgE) is traditionally not obtained. We anecdotally observed elevations in fsIgE mirroring tIgE increases, which may confound accurate interpretation. To determine whether changes in tIgE were associated with fsIgE ...
Naval Shilpa - - 2013
Caries prevention traditionally has emphasized the restriction of cariogenic foods and beverages, but it has placed less emphasis on how the choice, combination and sequence of consumed foods and beverages may help reduce plaque acidogenicity. The authors conducted a study to examine whether whole milk, 100 percent apple juice or ...
Baygi Fereshteh - - 2013
The prevalence of obesity is increasing in Iranian youngsters. This study aimed to assess some dietary determinants of obesity in a representative sample of children in Neishabour, a city in northeastern, Iran. This case-control study was conducted among 114 school students, aged 6-12 years, with a body mass index (BMI) ...
Lammel Ricardi Juliana - - 2013
Introduction: Malnutrition is very common in hospitals and inpatients with prescription of oral nutritional supplementation have improvement of the nutritional status. Objectives: To detect the total acceptance rate and a possible association between oral nutritional supplements intake and nutritional status. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 398 inpatients. ...
Jacob Cristina Miuki Abe - - 2013
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate whether interleukin 10 (IL10) and transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) gene polymorphisms were associated with persistent IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy in 50 Brazilian children. The diagnostic criteria were anaphylaxis triggered by cow's milk or a positive double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge. Tolerance ...
Kowalkowska Joanna - - 2013
The food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and the food record (FR) are among the most common methods used in dietary research. It is important to know that is it possible to use both methods simultaneously in dietary assessment and prepare a single, comprehensive interpretation. The aim of this study was to ...
Maru Muluwork - - 2013
As breast milk is normally the only source of food in the early stages of life, the dietary levels of the essential elements in the milk of lactating mothers are significantly important. Ethiopia is a country of many nations and nationalities with distinct dietary habits. This variation in food habit ...
Mariz Larissa Soares - - 2013
to identify changes in the food intake patterns among overweight children and teenagers, treated at a reference medical centre. the method used is that of a cohort study, between April 2010 and April 2011. A total of 109 children and teenagers, either obese or overweight, took part in the study. ...
Sullivan Darryl - - 2013
An optimized method for use in a high volume laboratory was developed and validated for the determination of total selenium in a wide variety of food products including infant formula. The method utilizes a single-stage, closed-vessel microwave digestion procedure with nitric acid. Upon completion of digestion, the solution is brought ...
Kwong William - - 2013
The Atlas Salmonella detection assay was compared to the reference culture methods for 12 foods and three surfaces. Comparison of the Atlas method to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Bacteriological Analytical Manual (FDA/BAM) and U.S. Department of Agriculture-Food Safety and Inspection Service/Microbiology Laboratory Guidebook (USDA-FSIS/MLG) reference methods required an ...
Mozola Mark - - 2013
ANSR Salmonella is a new molecular diagnostic assay for detection of Salmonella spp. in foods and environmental samples. The test is based on the nicking enzyme amplification reaction (NEAR) isothermal nucleic acid amplification technology. The assay platform features simple instrumentation, minimal labor, and, following a single-step 10-24 h enrichment (depending ...
Meyrand M M Department of Food Science & Technology, University of California, Davis 95616, CA, USA ; Foods for Health Institute, University of California, Davis 95616, CA, - - 2013
Milk oligosaccharides (OS)-free complex carbohydrates-confer unique health benefits to the nursing neonate. Though human digestive enzymes cannot degrade these sugars, they provide nourishment to specific commensal microbes and act as decoys to prevent the adhesion of pathogenic micro-organisms to gastrointestinal cells. At present, the limited quantities of human milk oligosaccharides ...
Scaparrotta A A Allergy and Respiratory Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University of Chieti, - - 2013
We describe the case of a child affected by milk-protein induced enterocolitis, in which oral challenge with corn was performed without symptoms after a negative specific Atopy Patch Test. Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is an uncommon nonIgE-mediated gastrointestinal food hypersensitivity of infancy, characterized by severe vomiting and diarrhea arising ...
McHughen Alan A University of California; Riverside, CA - - 2013
Agricultural biotechnology--GMOs--has a huge positive impact on farming and farmers but remains controversial among the skeptical public. Curious but anxious consumers, driven by scare stories and pseudo-science provided by anti-GMO activists, seek accurate and authoritative answers to their questions. Here, I address a sample of such queries directed to me ...
Ruffner Melanie A MA Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2013
Food protein-induced enterocolitis (FPIES) is a rare non-IgE mediated disease. Most studies have been limited in nature, with the largest cohort being 66 patients. The most common foods that have been reported are milk and soy. A retrospective chart review of patients seen in the Allergy Section at The Children's ...
Trolle Ellen - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to validate thirty-eight picture series of six pictures each developed within the PANCAKE (Pilot study for the Assessment of Nutrient intake and food Consumption Among Kids in Europe) project for portion size estimation of foods consumed by infants, toddlers and children for future ...
Berry D P - - 2013
Milking characteristics, and in particular milking duration, are a known contributor to costs in dairy production systems. Results from previous studies suggest that higher-yielding animals, on average, milk for a longer duration. Culling or selection for reduced milking duration alone may, therefore, reduce milk yield. Here, we propose 2 new ...
Lê J - - 2013
BACKGROUNG/OBJECTIVES:A higher educational level is associated with a healthier diet. The goal of this study was to establish whether this association is mediated by attitudes toward healthy eating.SUBJECTS/METHODS:The cross-sectional MONA LISA-NUT study was performed in 2005-2007 on adults aged 35-64 years from northern and north-eastern France. Diet quality was assessed ...
Ambrosini Gina L - - 2013
Objective: Understanding dietary tracking may help to inform interventions to improve dietary intakes and health outcomes. We investigated how a dietary pattern (DP) associated with increased adiposity in childhood, tracked from 7 to 13 y of age in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). Design and Methods: ...
Priyanka S R - - 2013
The aim of the study was to detect different mycotoxigenic Aspergillus species from the major food grains of Southern states of India viz. maize, paddy, groundnut and sorghum. A total of 200 isolates recovered from 320 grain samples from four southern states were tested for their toxin chemotypes by using ...
Liu Xin X Mary Ann and J. Milburn Smith Child Health Research Program, Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago Research Center, Chicago, IL, USA. - - 2013
Increasing evidence supports the immunomodulatory effect of vitamin D on allergic diseases. The combined role of prenatal and postnatal vitamin D status in the development of food sensitization (FS) and food allergy remains understudied. Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels of 460 children in the Boston Birth Cohort (BBC) were measured ...
Peng Bo - - 2013
Public attention to the food scandals raises an urgent need to develop effective and reliable methods to detect food contaminants. The current prevailing detections are primarily based upon liquid chromatography, mass spectroscopy or colorimetric methods, which usually require sophisticated and time-consuming steps or sample preparation. Herein, we develop a facile ...
Grundy H H - - 2013
Binding products or food 'glues' are used throughout the food industry to increase the meat use rate or to augment economic efficiency. Some of these binders contain thrombin from bovine and porcine blood. The European parliament has recently banned thrombin-based additives and labelling legislation governs their use in the US. ...
Lazzerini Marzia - - 2013
Moderate acute malnutrition, also called moderate wasting, affects around 10% of children under five years of age in low- and middle-income countries. There are different approaches to addressing malnutrition with prepared foods in these settings; for example, providing lipid-based nutrient supplements or blended foods, either a full daily dose or ...
Vieux Florent - - 2013
To assess the impact on food-related cost of meals to fulfill the new compulsory dietary standards for primary schools in France. A descriptive study assessed the relationship between the level of compliance with the standards of observed school meals and their food-related cost. An analytical study assessed the cost of ...
Engelman Corinne D - - 2013
Vitamin D is associated with many health outcomes and the blood concentration of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] is commonly measured in clinical practice. A C-3 epimer of this compound, 3-epi-25(OH)D3, has recently been detected in blood samples. Few clinical assays currently detect this epimer and its physiological function is unknown, as ...
Alishahi M - - 2013
In this study, the effects of oral administration of different levels of Dunaliella salina (a natural β-carotene source) on growth parameters, immunological and hematological indices, as well as skin carotenoids, of Heros severus were investigated. One hundred and eighty H. severus weighing 27 ± 0.5 g were divided randomly into four groups in ...
Payot F - - 2013
Cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) represents one of the leading causes of food allergy in infants and young children. The immune reaction may be IgE mediated, non-IgE mediated, or mixed. IgE-mediated cow's milk protein allergy is revealed by immediate and acute symptoms which can be severe. The aim of this ...
Chung Stephen W C - - 2013
The aim of this study was to determine the level of bound 3-monochloropropan-1,2-diol in foodstuffs commonly consumed in Hong Kong, China, by an enzymatic hydrolysis indirect method which proved to be free from interferences. A total of 290 samples were picked up randomly from the local market and analysed. About ...
Irena Abel H - - 2013
Community-based Management of Acute Malnutrition using ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) has revolutionised the treatment of severe acute malnutrition (SAM). However, 25% milk content in standard peanut-based RUTF (P-RUTF) makes it too expensive. The effectiveness of milk-free RUTF has not been reported hitherto. This non-blinded, parallel group, cluster randomised, controlled, equivalence ...
Warth Benedikt - - 2013
Mycotoxins are toxic fungal secondary metabolites that frequently contaminate food and feed worldwide, and hence represent a major hazard for food and feed safety. To estimate human exposure arising from contaminated food, so-called biomarker approaches have been developed as a complementary biomonitoring tool besides traditional food analysis. The first methods ...
Gribble Karleen D - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To explore the intersection of peer-to-peer milk sharing and donor milk banks. METHODS: A descriptive survey design containing closed and open-ended questions was used to examine women's perceptions of peer-to-peer milk sharing and milk banking. Closed-ended questions were analyzed using descriptive statistics and conventional qualitative content analysis was used ...
Kaya Ay┼čenur - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Although food allergy is an important health problem in Western countries, the prevalence varies among geographic regions. There is limited data on the prevalence of food allergy especially for adolescent age group, and the data from Turkey and Mediterranean region are even scarce. METHODS: The study is a cross-sectional ...
Vaanholt Lobke M - - 2013
Limits to sustained energy intake (SusEI) are important because they constrain many aspects of animal performance. Individual variability in SusEI may be imposed by genetic factors that are inherited from parents to offspring. Here, we investigated heritability of reproductive performance in MF1 mice. Food intake, milk energy output (MEO) and ...
Johler Sophia - - 2013
Abstract In 2008, 150 people gathered for a wedding celebration in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Three hours after ingestion of a variety of foods including pancakes filled with minced chicken, several guests exhibited symptoms of acute gastroenteritis such as vomiting, diarrhea, fever, and ague. Twelve guests were reported to have fallen ill, ...
Erinosho Temitope O TO Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7426, USA. - - 2013
The Healthy Eating Index-2005 (HEI-2005) has been applied primarily to assess the quality of individual-level diets but has recently been applied to environmental-level data as well. Currently, no studies have applied the HEI-2005 to foods offered in child-care settings. This cross-sectional study used the HEI-2005 to assess the quality of ...
Caparosa Susan L - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The emphasis in school nutrition policy has been on vending and competitive items. Our study was designed to characterize and quantify the amount and source of other foods and beverages on school campuses. DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted using a specially designed objective nutrition observation system. SETTING: ...
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