Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 2034
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Luevano-Contreras Claudia - - 2013
Abstract Dietary advanced glycation end products (dAGEs) could be involved on diabetes complications, yet their quantification is not standardized. The objective of this study was to design a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for dAGEs, and to assess its reliability and validity. For the design, data from 30 subjects was used. ...
Dirwono Warnadi W a Advanced Analysis Center , Korea Institute of Science and Technology , Seoul , 136-791 , - - 2013
Residual quantities of 12 phthalates have been monitored in edible salts (raw salts, refined salts, refined salts with additives and baked salts) available in Korean food markets. Liquid-liquid extraction followed by liquid chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-TOF/MS) was used to analyse the samples. The method was validated and showed linear ...
Rauscher-Gabernig Elke - - 2013
Human exposure to polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like PCBs (dl-PCBs) should be assessed regularly. In order to evaluate the contamination levels in various food products on the Austrian market and to assess the dietary exposure of the Austrian population for the first time, a national monitoring programme was ...
Abreu Sandra - - 2013
To examine the association between obesity and food group intakes, physical activity and socio-economic status in adolescents. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 2008. Cole's cut-off points were used to categorize BMI. Abdominal obesity was defined by a waist circumference at or above the 90th percentile, as well as ...
Mozrová V - - 2013
Cronobacter spp. (formerly Enterobacter sakazakii) are emerging, opportunistic pathogens that are linked with food-borne infections in neonates and infants. In the present study, 291 samples of food, 36 samples from a dairy farm and 140 samples of dust from vacuum cleaners were examined for the presence of Cronobacter spp. using ...
Hoelzer Karin - - 2013
Abstract While adequate, statistically designed sampling plans should be used whenever feasible, inference about the presence of pathogens in food occasionally has to be made based on smaller numbers of samples. To help the interpretation of such results, we reviewed the impact of small sample sizes on pathogen detection and ...
Thorpe Maree G - - 2013
To determine the diet quality of a group of young adults and explore its associations with two food-related behaviours (involvement in meal preparation and consumption of commercially prepared meals). Cross-sectional study of young adults. Sample characteristics, food-related behaviours and dietary intake were assessed using a self-administered questionnaire including an FFQ. ...
Kemble Sarah K - - 2013
Background. On 20 March 2012, the Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) was notified of multiple Facebook postings suggestive of a foodborne outbreak of Group A Streptococcus (GAS) pharyngitis occurring among attendees of a high school dance team banquet. An investigation was initiated. Methods. Associations between GAS pharyngitis and specific food items were ...
Gittelsohn Joel J Center for Human Nutrition, Department of International Health, Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA. - - 2013
The prevalence of obesity is significantly higher among American Indians (AIs) and is associated with increased rates of diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. We implemented a 14-mo intervention trial (Navajo Healthy Stores) on the Navajo Nation that sought to increase availability of healthier foods in local food stores and to ...
Llorent-Martínez E J - - 2013
Hydroxytyrosol (HXT) has been reported to have beneficial effects for human health, such as antioxidant and antimicrobial properties and an important contribution to the prevention of cardiovascular disease. Hence, exhaustive research is currently being performed to prepare functional foods, such as tomato juice or milk, with HXT. This paper presents ...
Nicklas Theresa A - - 2013
The majority of the US population does not meet recommendations for consumption of milk, whole grains, fruit, and vegetables. The goal of our study was to understand barriers and facilitators to adherence to the Dietary Guidelines for Americans for four nutrient-rich food groups in fifth-grade children and unrelated adult caregivers ...
Summer Suzanne S - - 2013
When estimating dietary intake across multiple countries, the lack of a single comprehensive dietary database may lead researchers to modify one database to analyze intakes for all participants. This approach may yield results different from those using the country-specific database and introduce measurement error. We examined whether nutrient intakes of ...
Hac─▒bekiro─člu I I a Department of Analytical Chemistry , Faculty of Pharmacy, Bezmialem Vakif University , Istanbul 34093 , - - 2013
The present work reports the total aflatoxin and aflatoxin B1 levels in 62 food samples from Istanbul, Turkey. The total aflatoxin content in dried American cucumber, squash, tomato, okra and saffron samples was found to be 1.7 μg/kg. AFB1 levels in five dried vegetables (red bell pepper, American cucumber, squash, tomato ...
Martin C K - - 2013
The Digital Photography of Foods Method accurately estimates the food intake of adults and children in cafeterias. When using this method, images of food selection and leftovers are quickly captured in the cafeteria. These images are later compared with images of 'standard' portions of food using computer software. The amount ...
Gonzalez-Suarez Consuelo B - - 2013
The study aimed to assess the association between childhood obesity and snacking. A total of 396 students in grades 4 to 6 enrolled in an elementary school in the Philippines were the participants in this study. Demographic profile; anthropometric measures of height, weight, body mass index; and information about snacking ...
Moore H J - - 2013
Accurate, reliable and feasible methods of dietary intake and physical activity assessment are required to improve our understanding of the associations between energy balance-related behaviours and health. The Synchronised Nutrition and Activity Program (SNAP(™) ) was developed to enhance recall in children by integrating new and established methods of dietary ...
Rolla Giovanni - - 2013
There are wide differences in estimated incidence and prevalence of anaphylaxis because of the absence, until recently, of a universal consensus on the definition of anaphylaxis and the different source of collected data. We aimed to estimate the incidence of food anaphylaxis based on the database of Piemonte Region (Italy) ...
Smith J P - - 2013
Background:The contribution of breastfeeding and mothers milk to the economy is invisible in economic statistics.Objective:This article demonstrates how the economic value of human milk production can be included in economic statistics such as gross domestic product (GDP) and provides estimates for Australia, the United States, and Norway.Methods:The contribution of human ...
Renna Massimiliano - - 2013
Chicory stems, appreciated both raw and cooked, represent nutritious and refined food. The effects on the quality of stems cooked by conventional (boiling, steaming, microwaving) and innovative (sous-vide) methods were analysed. Several physical, chemical and sensorial traits were compared using two local varieties (Galatina and Molfettese) of the southern Italy ...
Nash Danielle M - - 2013
To advance the knowledge of determinants of diet quality in pregnancy by focusing on both personal characteristics and the food environment. Cross-sectional study in which participants from the Prenatal Health Project were linked to a geographic dataset by home address. Access to fast food, convenience stores, and grocery stores was ...
Bedi J S - - 2013
Punjab state in India is an agrarian society, where agriculture is the lifeline of farming community. To keep pace with increasing demands of food for growing population the indiscriminate use of pesticides has led to the contamination of environment and food commodities in this region. Analysis of human breast milk ...
Royo-Bordonada Miguel A - - 2013
To evaluate compliance with the self-regulation agreement of the food and drink vending machine sector in primary schools in Madrid, Spain. Cross-sectional study of the prevalence of vending machines in 558 primary schools in 2008. Using the directory of all registered primary schools in Madrid, we identified the presence of ...
Li S P - - 2013
Root of Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F.H. Chen (Sanqi in Chinese) is one of traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) based functional food. Saponins are the major bioactive components. The shortage of reference compounds or chemical standards is one of the main bottlenecks for quality control of TCMs. A novel strategy, i.e. standardized ...
Raffo Antonio - - 2013
Quantitation of tr-cinnamaldehyde, safrole and myristicin was carried out in 70 samples of cola-flavoured soft drinks purchased in eight European countries with the purpose of assessing the variability in the levels of these substances. Results indicated a limited variability in the content of the three substances: the ratio between the ...
Castro Jiménez A - - 2013
Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is a chronic inflammatory emerging disease of the esophagus with immunoallergic aetiology. The allergens involved have not been clearly defined and may depend on the exposure of the population to aeroallergens or food antigens. Patients diagnosed with EoE between 2006 and 2011 were referred to our Allergy ...
Vergé X P C - - 2013
The Canadian dairy sector is a major industry with about 1 million cows. This industry emits about 20% of the total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the main livestock sectors (beef, dairy, swine, and poultry). In 2006, the Canadian dairy herd produced about 7.7 Mt of raw milk, resulting in ...
Fournier Agnès - - 2013
This study was aimed to determine the kinetics of contamination and decontamination of PCBs and PCDD/Fs in milk of lactating goats. Four goats were fed during 39 days with corn silage collected in an area accidentally contaminated, and then with uncontaminated silage during 20 days. Concentrations of DL-PCBs + PCDD/Fs ...
Burgoine Thomas - - 2013
The use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to objectively measure 'obesogenic' food environment (foodscape) exposure has become common-place. This increase in usage has coincided with the development of a methodologically heterogeneous evidence-base, with subsequent perceived difficulties for inter-study comparability. However, when used together in previous work, different types of food ...
Cheng Junhu J a College of Light Industry and Food Sciences , South China University of Technology , Guangzhou , 510641 , - - 2013
Abstract The freshness quality of fish plays an important role in human health and the acceptance of consumers as well as in international fishery trade. Recently, with food safety becoming a critical issue of great concern in the world, determination and evaluation of fish freshness is much more significant in ...
Clerfeuille Edouard - - 2013
Individual diet modeling with linear programming recently provided evidence that plant-based products, fish, and fresh dairy products consumption should be increased in the French population to reach nutrient-based recommendations. The aim of our study was to estimate the number of portions of the different milk-based food categories fitting into nutritionally ...
Federly Tara J - - 2013
Food specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) (fsIgE) cut points are used in the evaluation of food allergies. Concomitant measurement of total IgE (tIgE) is traditionally not obtained. We anecdotally observed elevations in fsIgE mirroring tIgE increases, which may confound accurate interpretation. To determine whether changes in tIgE were associated with fsIgE ...
Naval Shilpa - - 2013
Caries prevention traditionally has emphasized the restriction of cariogenic foods and beverages, but it has placed less emphasis on how the choice, combination and sequence of consumed foods and beverages may help reduce plaque acidogenicity. The authors conducted a study to examine whether whole milk, 100 percent apple juice or ...
Baygi Fereshteh - - 2013
The prevalence of obesity is increasing in Iranian youngsters. This study aimed to assess some dietary determinants of obesity in a representative sample of children in Neishabour, a city in northeastern, Iran. This case-control study was conducted among 114 school students, aged 6-12 years, with a body mass index (BMI) ...
Lammel Ricardi Juliana - - 2013
Introduction: Malnutrition is very common in hospitals and inpatients with prescription of oral nutritional supplementation have improvement of the nutritional status. Objectives: To detect the total acceptance rate and a possible association between oral nutritional supplements intake and nutritional status. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 398 inpatients. ...
Jacob Cristina Miuki Abe - - 2013
The aim of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate whether interleukin 10 (IL10) and transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ1) gene polymorphisms were associated with persistent IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy in 50 Brazilian children. The diagnostic criteria were anaphylaxis triggered by cow's milk or a positive double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge. Tolerance ...
Kowalkowska Joanna - - 2013
The food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and the food record (FR) are among the most common methods used in dietary research. It is important to know that is it possible to use both methods simultaneously in dietary assessment and prepare a single, comprehensive interpretation. The aim of this study was to ...
Maru Muluwork - - 2013
As breast milk is normally the only source of food in the early stages of life, the dietary levels of the essential elements in the milk of lactating mothers are significantly important. Ethiopia is a country of many nations and nationalities with distinct dietary habits. This variation in food habit ...
Mariz Larissa Soares - - 2013
to identify changes in the food intake patterns among overweight children and teenagers, treated at a reference medical centre. the method used is that of a cohort study, between April 2010 and April 2011. A total of 109 children and teenagers, either obese or overweight, took part in the study. ...
Sullivan Darryl - - 2013
An optimized method for use in a high volume laboratory was developed and validated for the determination of total selenium in a wide variety of food products including infant formula. The method utilizes a single-stage, closed-vessel microwave digestion procedure with nitric acid. Upon completion of digestion, the solution is brought ...
Kwong William - - 2013
The Atlas Salmonella detection assay was compared to the reference culture methods for 12 foods and three surfaces. Comparison of the Atlas method to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration Bacteriological Analytical Manual (FDA/BAM) and U.S. Department of Agriculture-Food Safety and Inspection Service/Microbiology Laboratory Guidebook (USDA-FSIS/MLG) reference methods required an ...
Mozola Mark - - 2013
ANSR Salmonella is a new molecular diagnostic assay for detection of Salmonella spp. in foods and environmental samples. The test is based on the nicking enzyme amplification reaction (NEAR) isothermal nucleic acid amplification technology. The assay platform features simple instrumentation, minimal labor, and, following a single-step 10-24 h enrichment (depending ...
Meyrand M M Department of Food Science & Technology, University of California, Davis 95616, CA, USA ; Foods for Health Institute, University of California, Davis 95616, CA, - - 2013
Milk oligosaccharides (OS)-free complex carbohydrates-confer unique health benefits to the nursing neonate. Though human digestive enzymes cannot degrade these sugars, they provide nourishment to specific commensal microbes and act as decoys to prevent the adhesion of pathogenic micro-organisms to gastrointestinal cells. At present, the limited quantities of human milk oligosaccharides ...
Scaparrotta A A Allergy and Respiratory Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University of Chieti, - - 2013
We describe the case of a child affected by milk-protein induced enterocolitis, in which oral challenge with corn was performed without symptoms after a negative specific Atopy Patch Test. Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is an uncommon nonIgE-mediated gastrointestinal food hypersensitivity of infancy, characterized by severe vomiting and diarrhea arising ...
Ruffner Melanie A MA Department of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, - - 2013
Food protein-induced enterocolitis (FPIES) is a rare non-IgE mediated disease. Most studies have been limited in nature, with the largest cohort being 66 patients. The most common foods that have been reported are milk and soy. A retrospective chart review of patients seen in the Allergy Section at The Children's ...
Trolle Ellen - - 2013
The aim of the present study was to validate thirty-eight picture series of six pictures each developed within the PANCAKE (Pilot study for the Assessment of Nutrient intake and food Consumption Among Kids in Europe) project for portion size estimation of foods consumed by infants, toddlers and children for future ...
Berry D P - - 2013
Milking characteristics, and in particular milking duration, are a known contributor to costs in dairy production systems. Results from previous studies suggest that higher-yielding animals, on average, milk for a longer duration. Culling or selection for reduced milking duration alone may, therefore, reduce milk yield. Here, we propose 2 new ...
Lê J - - 2013
BACKGROUNG/OBJECTIVES:A higher educational level is associated with a healthier diet. The goal of this study was to establish whether this association is mediated by attitudes toward healthy eating.SUBJECTS/METHODS:The cross-sectional MONA LISA-NUT study was performed in 2005-2007 on adults aged 35-64 years from northern and north-eastern France. Diet quality was assessed ...
Ambrosini Gina L - - 2013
Objective: Understanding dietary tracking may help to inform interventions to improve dietary intakes and health outcomes. We investigated how a dietary pattern (DP) associated with increased adiposity in childhood, tracked from 7 to 13 y of age in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). Design and Methods: ...
Priyanka S R - - 2013
The aim of the study was to detect different mycotoxigenic Aspergillus species from the major food grains of Southern states of India viz. maize, paddy, groundnut and sorghum. A total of 200 isolates recovered from 320 grain samples from four southern states were tested for their toxin chemotypes by using ...
Liu Xin X Mary Ann and J. Milburn Smith Child Health Research Program, Department of Pediatrics, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago Research Center, Chicago, IL, USA. - - 2013
Increasing evidence supports the immunomodulatory effect of vitamin D on allergic diseases. The combined role of prenatal and postnatal vitamin D status in the development of food sensitization (FS) and food allergy remains understudied. Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels of 460 children in the Boston Birth Cohort (BBC) were measured ...
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