Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1795
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Liese Angela D - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Commercial listings of food retail outlets are increasingly used by community members and food policy councils and in multilevel intervention research to identify areas with limited access to healthier food. This study quantified the amount of count, type, and geospatial error in 2 commercial data sources. METHODS: InfoUSA and ...
Wate Jillian T - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been increasing in adolescents in Fiji and obesogenic dietary patterns need to be assessed to inform health promotion. The objective of this study was to identify the dietary patterns of adolescents in peri-urban Fiji and determine their relationships with standardized body mass index (BMI-z). METHODS: This study ...
Liu Sa - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Metal content in lip products has been an issue of concern. OBJECTIVES: We measured lead and eight other metals in a convenience sample of 32 lip products used by young Asian women in Oakland, California, USA, and assessed potential health risks related to estimated intakes of these metals. METHODS: ...
Kim J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The present study explored the association between dairy food consumption and the risk of the metabolic syndrome in Korean adults using the most recent nationally representative data. METHODS: The study sample comprised 4862 Korean adults (≥19 years) who participated in the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Dairy ...
Thomas Matthew C - - 2013
AIMS: Nine commercial DNA extraction kits were evaluated for the isolation of DNA from 10-fold serial dilutions of Bacillus anthracis spores using quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). The three kits determined by qPCR to yield the most sensitive and consistent detection (Epicenter MasterPure Gram Positive; MoBio PowerFood; ABI PrepSeq) were subsequently ...
Sebastian Rhonda S - - 2013
Accurate monitoring of US sodium intake requires familiarity with national dietary data collection and processing procedures. This article describes a data processing step that impacts sodium intake estimates, reasons for discontinuing the step, and implications of its discontinuation. This step, termed salt adjustment, was performed in US Department of Agriculture ...
Thevis Mario - - 2013
The illicit use of growth promoters in animal husbandry has frequently been reported in the past. Among the drugs misused to illegally increase the benefit of stock farming, clenbuterol has held a unique position due to the substance's composition, mechanism of action, metabolism, and disposition. Particularly clenbuterol's disposition in animals' ...
van den Berg Manon G A - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate nutritional status, food intake, and dysphagia in long-term head and neck cancer survivors. METHODS: Thirty-two patients with stage III-IV head and neck cancer treated by chemoradiotherapy were invited to evaluate nutritional status (malnutrition, relative weight loss), food intake (food modification; quality), ...
Devi Anastasia Fitria - - 2013
There is an increasing demand to tailor the functional properties of mixed biopolymer systems that find application in dairy food products. The effect of static high pressure processing (HPP), up to 600MPa for 15min at room temperature, on milk-gelatin mixtures with different solid concentrations (5%, 10%, 15% and 20% w/w ...
Odoms-Young Angela M - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The present study assessed the impact of the 2009 food packages mandated by the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) on dietary intake and home food availability in low-income African-American and Hispanic parent/child dyads. DESIGN: A natural experiment was conducted to assess if the revised ...
Takci Sahin - - 2013
Background: Refrigeration of human milk has been recommended for its short-term storage. It has been shown that some nutritional, immunological, and bioactive properties and bactericidal activity of human milk can be altered during refrigeration. Pyrex bottles and polyethylene bags are 2 commonly used containers for human milk storage. Objective: The ...
Kim M J - - 2013
Aerobic plate counts (APC), coliforms, Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, and eight foodborne pathogens were tested in 1,008 cheap and junk foods, including candies, dried cakes, chewing gum, chocolate, dried and seasoned seafood, ice cream, and sugary foods. APCs were positive for 342 samples (33.9%), and the majority of the counts ...
Ramsay Samantha - - 2013
BACKGROUND: The influence of portion size on children's intake and self-regulation of food has gained attention; however, few studies have examined portion sizes in school lunch. This study investigated kindergarteners' intake when they were given different entrée portion sizes from the lunch menu. METHODS: Plate waste was used as a ...
Sharif Ishak Sharifah Intan Zainun - - 2013
The food choices in childhood have high a probability of being carried through into their adulthood life, which then contributes to the risk of many non-communicable diseases. Therefore, there is a need to gather some information about children's views on foods which may influence their food choices for planning a ...
Kwon Jaryoung - - 2013
We examined the characteristics of food allergy prevalence and suggested the basis of dietary guidelines for patients with food allergies and atopic dermatitis. A total of 2,417 patients were enrolled in this study. Each subject underwent a skin prick test as well as serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) measurement. A double-blind, ...
De Stefani Eduardo - - 2013
In the time period 1996-2004, 697 cases with lymphoid neoplasms and 3606 controls with nonneoplastic conditions were included in a case-control study conducted in the Cancer Institute of Uruguay. They were administered a routine questionnaire that included 8 sections and a food frequency questionnaire focused on intakes of total meat, ...
Orru' S - - 2013
Due to increased social awareness of allergens and population hyper-sensitization, the reported incidence of allergic reactions to food allergens has increased over the past two decades. Cow’s milk proteins (CMPs) are among the most common food allergens. The aim of this study was to use proteomics techniques to investigate cow’s ...
Tripodi S - - 2013
Specific oral tolerance induction to food (SOTI) is a new promising treatmentfor persistent IgE-mediatedfood allergy. Our paper reports a case of a 5-year-old girl with cow's milk allergy, who developed severe anaphylaxis after the ingestion of a croissant containing sheep's milk ricotta cheese, even though she had been previously desensitized ...
Song Wenlu - - 2013
Bisphenol A has been widely used in plastic containers and this has raised safety concerns for fetuses, infants, and young children. Aflatoxin B1, ochratoxin A, and patulin are among the most toxic regulated mycotoxins found as contaminants in agricultural crops and animal products. To facilitate the analysis of these chemicals ...
Beshara Monica - - 2013
Serving size is a modifiable determinant of energy consumption, and an important factor to address in the prevention and treatment of obesity. The present study tested an hypothesised negative association between individuals' everyday mindfulness and self-reported serving size of energy dense foods. The mediating role of mindful eating was also ...
Neumann Charlotte G - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of three different school snacks on morbidity outcomes. DESIGN: Twelve schools were randomized to either one of three feeding groups or a Control group. There were three schools per group in this cluster randomized trial. Children in feeding group schools received school snacks of a ...
Mejía-Rodríguez Fabiola - - 2013
This study aims to validate a Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), specifically designed to retrospectively estimate dietary intake and supplement consumption during the first 2 years of life in children from resource poor households in semi-rural Mexico. The FFQ querying about diet during the first 2 years of life was administered to mothers ...
Ganopoulos Ioannis - - 2013
Animal species identification of milk and dairy products has received increasing attention concerning food composition, traceability, allergic pathologies and accurate consumer information. Here we sought to develop an easy to use and robust method for species identification in cheese with emphasis on an authenticity control of PDO Feta cheese products. ...
Petigara Harp Bhakti - - 2013
This study describes a new method for determining FD&C Blue No. 1, FD&C Blue No. 2, FD&C Green No. 3, FD&C Red No. 3, FD&C Red No. 40, FD&C Yellow No. 5, and FD&C Yellow No. 6 in food products. These seven color additives are water-soluble dyes that are required ...
Ha M-S - - 2013
The dietary intakes of nine synthetic food colours - amaranth, erythrosine, Allura Red, Ponceau 4R, tartrazine, Sunset Yellow FCF, Fast Green FCF, Brilliant Blue FCF and indigo carmine - permitted in Korea were estimated based on food consumption data for consumers and their concentrations in processed foods. The estimated daily ...
Clayton Heather B HB Epidemic Intelligence Service, Office of Workforce Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30341, USA. - - 2013
To examine the prevalence of, and mothers' self-reported reasons for, introducing solid foods to infants earlier than recommended (aged <4 months) and the variation in reasons for early introduction by milk feeding type. The study included 1334 mothers who participated in the national longitudinal Infant Feeding Practices Study II (2005-2007). ...
Eichen Dawn M - - 2013
There is growing interest in conceptualizing obesity as a "food addiction." The current study investigated the prevalence and correlates of "food addiction" (FA), as defined by the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) in 178 (133 F, 45M) persons seeking weight loss treatment. Participants had a mean age of 51.2±11.7 years ...
Ferraris Daniela C - - 2013
The main objective was to estimate the optimum thickness of meat from a consumers' perspective. Breaded beef (known as "milanesa" in Spanish speaking countries and as "schnitzels" in Austria) is a food product prepared with a slice of meat that is dipped in beaten egg to then be covered in ...
González de Cossío Teresita - - 2013
We present: 1) indicators of infant and young child feeding practices (IYCFP) and median age of introduction of foods analyzed by geographic and socioeconomic variables for the 2006 national probabilistic Health Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT-2006); and 2) changes in IYCFP indicators between the 1999 national probabilistic Nutrition Survey and ENSANUT-2006, analyzed ...
Faith Myles S - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The heritability of foodneophobia, the tendency to avoid new foods, was tested in 4- to 7-year-oldtwins. We also examined whether food neophobia is associated with parent-child feeding relations or child body fat. DESIGN AND METHODS: We studied sixty-six same-sex twin pairs, including 37 monozygotic (MZ) and 29 dizygotic (DZ) ...
Sarmugam Rani - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: Initiatives promoting the reduction of high-salt food consumption by consumers need to be partly based on current levels of salt knowledge in the population. However, to date there is no validated salt knowledge questionnaire that could be used to assess population knowledge about dietary salt (i.e. salt knowledge). Therefore, ...
Hutchesson M J - - 2013
BACKGROUND: Innovative dietary intake measurement tools, such as web-based food records, are becoming increasingly available for self-monitoring. However, the accuracy of this method has not been well studied. This pilot study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of energy intake (EI) estimated by a web-based food record, by comparison with total ...
Gebbink Wouter A - - 2013
Polyfluoroalkyl phosphate mono-, di-, and tri-esters (mono-, di-, and triPAPs) are used to water- and grease-proof food packaging materials, and these chemicals are known precursors to perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids (PFCAs). Existing analytical methods for PAPs lack sample clean-up steps in the sample preparation. In the present study, a method based ...
Hanson Karla L - - 2013
Prior research has shown positive associations between participation in school meals and some dietary measures, but the evidence is equivocal. Few prior studies have used methodological approaches that address underlying differences in food preferences and health beliefs between school meals participants and nonparticipants, resulting in the potential for selection bias ...
Chancellor Andrew M - - 2013
A sporadic seasonal neurotoxic food poisoning, unique to northern parts of New Zealand, especially The Bay of Plenty, has recurred-with implications for our primary produce industry, as well as human health.
Schap T E - - 2013
The use of image-based dietary assessment methods shows promise for improving dietary self-report among children. The Technology Assisted Dietary Assessment (TADA) food record application is a self-administered food record specifically designed to address the burden and human error associated with conventional methods of dietary assessment. Users would take images of ...
Schrempft S S Health Behaviour Research Centre, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, - - 2013
To identify family and infant characteristics associated with timing of introduction of two food types: core foods (nutrient-dense) and non-core foods (nutrient-poor) in a population-based sample of mothers and infants. Participants were 1861 mothers and infants from the Gemini twin birth cohort (one child per family). Family and infant characteristics ...
De'besi Giacomo - - 2013
In traditional cattle systems in the tropics, the milk produced is generally shared between the calf and the cattle keeper. This literature review evaluates the socio-economic aspects related to milk production and milk use in traditional cattle systems and identifies the best strategies of milk allocation in order to improve ...
Ryan Siobhan - - 2013
High fat dairy products, such as butter and margarine can be contaminated during the milk production process with a residue called Trichloromethane (TCM), which results from the use of chlorine based detergent solutions. Although, TCM concentrations in Irish products are not at levels that are a public health issue, such ...
Osman Ali O - - 2013
Considerable inhibitory antibacterial actions were exerted by the soybean 11S subunit comparable with nisin on the proliferation of total viable count, Pseudomonas count and Enterobacteriaceae count in bovine milk stored at 4 or 25 °C for 30 d and 48 h, while 7S and lysozyme were much less effective. The ...
Mwebaza Norah - - 2013
Co-administration of artemether-lumefantrine with milk is recommended to improve lumefantrine (L) absorption but milk may not be available in resource-limited settings. This study explored the effects of cheap local food in Uganda on oral bioavailability of lumefantrine relative to milk. In an open-label, four-period cross-over study, 13 healthy adult volunteers ...
Diethelm Katharina - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: An adequate nutritional intake in childhood and adolescence is crucial for growth and the prevention of youth and adult obesity and nutrition-related morbidities. Improving nutrient intake in children and adolescents is of public health importance. The purpose of the present study was to describe and evaluate the nutrient intake ...
da Costa Silvânio Silvério Lopes - - 2013
Experimental design methodology was used to optimize an analytical method for determination of the mineral element composition (Al, Ca, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ba, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, P, S, Sr and Zn) of dog and cat foods. Two-level full factorial design was applied to define the optimal proportions of the ...
Urashima Tadasu - - 2013
Human colostrum and milk contain 12-13 g/L and 22-24 g/L of milk oligosaccharides respectively, and the structures of least 115 human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) have been characterized to date. By way of comparison, bovine colostrum collected immediately post partum contains only around 1 g/L of oligosaccharides, and this concentration rapidly ...
Fuchs Magdalena - - 2013
The developed duplex real-time PCR method allows the simultaneous detection of traces of potentially allergenic white mustard (Sinapis alba) and celery roots (Apium graveolens var. rapaceum), celery stalks (A. g. var. dulce) and leaf celery (A. g. var. secalinum). The duplex assay does not show any cross-reactivity with 64 different ...
Watutantrige Fernando S - - 2013
Background:The aims of the study were: (i) to determine iodine status of schoolchildren living in northeast Italy; (ii) to assess dietary habits and iodine status and (iii) to investigate the level of knowledge concerning iodine sufficiency and ways to ameliorate iodine status.Methods:One thousand three hundred seventy-five consecutive 12-13 year-old completed ...
Chen Jing - - 2013
A novel botanic biopreservative was successfully prepared by the combination of the bamboo leaves extracts and ebony extracts, designated as ebony-bamboo leaves complex extracts (EBLCE), whose antimicrobial activity was assessed according to an inhibition zone method against 10 common pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms. It was found that EBLCE was more ...
Chaiyo Sudkate - - 2013
A highly sensitive, rapid, simple and selective adsorptive stripping assay for the determination of trace copper(II) is proposed. The methodology is based on the adsorptive accumulation of copper(II)-1,10-phenanthroline complexes onto a glassy carbon electrode, followed by oxidation of the adsorbed species by voltammetric scanning using square-wave voltammetry. The influences of ...
Frediani Jennifer K - - 2013
BACKGROUND & AIM: To develop and evaluate a culture-specific nutrient intake assessment tool for use in adults with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in Tbilisi, Georgia. METHODS: We developed an instrument to measure food intake over 3 consecutive days using a questionnaire format. The tool was then compared to 24 h food recalls. ...
Woodruff Sarah J - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe family dinner frequency (FDF) by food preparation frequency (prep), self-efficacy for cooking (SE), and food preparation techniques (techniques) among a small sample in southwestern Ontario, Canada. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was administered under the supervision of the research team. SETTING: After-school ...
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