Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2024
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Nagaraj Sowmya - - 2013
To develop a multiplex PCR assay coupled with selective enrichment step to detect major virulence associated genes of enterotoxigenic S. aureus and evaluate the same directly on contaminated food samples. The most important virulence associated genes of S. aureus which are commonly related to food safety issues are targeted in ...
Hlouskova Veronika - - 2013
This study summarises the results of the levels of 21 perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in 50 selected pooled samples representing 15 food commodities with the special focus on those of animal origin, as meat, seafood, fish, milk, dairy products and hen eggs, which are commonly consumed in various European markets, e.g. ...
Bragg Marie A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:This study quantified professional athletes' endorsement of food and beverages, evaluated the nutritional quality of endorsed products, and determined the number of television commercial exposures of athlete-endorsement commercials for children, adolescents, and adults.METHODS:One hundred professional athletes were selected on the basis of Bloomberg Businessweek's 2010 Power 100 rankings, which ranks ...
Umasunthar Thisanayagam - - 2013
Food allergy is a common cause of anaphylaxis, but the incidence of fatal food anaphylaxis is not known. The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of fatal food anaphylaxis for people with food allergy, and relate this to other mortality risks in the general population. We undertook ...
Llorente-Mirandes Toni - - 2014
The present study arose from the need to determine inorganic arsenic (iAs) at low levels in cereal-based food. Validated methods with a low limit of detection (LOD) are required to analyse these kinds of food. An analytical method for the determination of iAs, methylarsonic acid (MA) and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) ...
Coman Maria Magdalena - - 2013
Fermented foods have a great significance since they provide and preserve large quantities of nutritious foods in a wide diversity of flavors, aromas and texture, which enrich the human diet. Originally fermented milks were developed as a means of preserving nutrients and are the most representatives of the category. The ...
Faith Myles S - - 2013
Abstract Background: Poorer "division of responsibility" (DoR) feeding, characterized by high parental control and reduced child food choice, may promote pediatric obesity, although population-based prospective data are lacking. We tested whether poorer DoR feeding predicts childhood overweight/obesity onset and BMI z-score gain, over 10 years in the National Longitudinal Study ...
Chehade Mirna - - 2013
This paper presents commentaries on whether eosinophilic esophagitis is a food allergy; inflammation in the context of eosinophilic esophagitis; whether eosinophilic esophagitis a cause of noncardiac chest pain; the role of endoscopy in the evaluation of eosinophilic esophagitis; and whether response to proton pump inhibitor therapy can distinguish eosinophilic esophagitis ...
Setiati Siti S Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, - - 2013
Aim: to obtain profile of food and nutrient intake in Indonesian elderly population and factors associated with energy intake. Methods: multi-center cross sectional study in 13 hospitals across Indonesia was conducted among 387 elderly who had attended geriatric clinics. Data collected including demographic characteristics, functional status, cognitive status, mental status, ...
Johnson Phil E - - 2014
A dessert matrix previously used for diagnosis of food allergies was incurred with pasteurised egg white or skimmed milk powder at 3, 6, 15 and 30mg allergen protein per kg of dessert matrix and evaluated as a quality control material for allergen analysis in a multi-laboratory trial. Analysis was performed ...
Ozen Asli Emine - - 2013
Background/Aims: Studies about functional food (FF) consumption among south Europeans are scarce. The aim of this study was to assess sociodemographic and lifestyle determinants of FF consumption in adult inhabitants of the Balearic Islands. Methods: A population-based, cross-sectional, nutritional survey was conducted. The target population consisted of all inhabitants aged ...
Giovannelli Jonathan - - 2013
Food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) are often used to evaluate individuals' food intakes in epidemiologic studies because of their simplicity and low cost. To assess the validity of a short (24 items), qualitative FFQ used in the MONA LISA-NUT study. Cross-sectional study of a representative sample in three French counties. The ...
Jadhav Snehal - - 2013
Conventional methods used for primary detection of Listeria monocytogenes from foods and subsequent confirmation of presumptive positive samples involve prolonged incubation and biochemical testing which generally require four to five days to obtain a result. In the current study, a simple and rapid proteomics-based MALDI-TOF MS approach was developed to ...
Sugár Eva - - 2013
As part of a survey conducted by the Central Agricultural Office of Hungary, 67 food samples including beverages were taken from 57 food industrial and catering companies, 75% of them being small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). Moreover, 40% of the SMEs were micro entities. Water used for food processing was ...
Linderborg Kaisa M - - 2014
The composition and structures of TAGs in the human milk from mothers with different food choices and prepregnancy body mass index were determined with two tandem mass spectrometric methods (negative APCI-MS/MS and positive UHPLC/ESI-MS/MS) at the infant's age of three months. The normal weight mothers with recommended food choices had ...
Papadopoulou Eleni - - 2013
Maternal diet not only provides essential nutrients to the developing fetus but is also a source of prenatal exposure to environmental contaminants. We investigated the association between dietary intake of dioxins and PCBs during pregnancy and birth size. The study included 50,651 women from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort ...
Moss Brian G - - 2013
The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between breastfeeding and postponing introduction to solid food (SF) on children's obesity and healthy weight status (WS), at 2 and 4 years. Drawing upon a nationally representative sample of children from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, we estimated the magnitude ...
Carels Robert A - - 2013
In this brief report, an unanswered question in implicit weight bias research is addressed: Is weight bias stronger when obese and thin people are pictured engaging in stereotype consistent behaviors (e.g., obese-watching TV/eating junk food; thin-exercising/eating healthy) as opposed to the converse? Implicit Associations Test (IAT) data were collected from ...
Maalouf Joyce - - 2013
Abstract Background: The amount of time children spend in child care each week has increased in recent years. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to describe the nutritional quality of foods served and the mealtime environment in 24 child care centers in Georgia. Methods: Data were collected between April ...
Gachango Florence Gathoni - - 2013
Factors influencing adoption of milk cooling technology were studied with data for 90 smallholder dairy farmers who were randomly selected from seven dairy cooperative societies in Kiambu County, Kenya. Logistic regression identified the age of the household head, daily household milk consumption, freehold land ownership, fodder production area, number of ...
Monsivais P - - 2013
Background/objectives:Household-level food spending data are not suitable for population-based studies of the economics of nutrition. This study compared three methods of deriving diet cost at the individual level.Subjects/methods:Adult men and women (n=164) completed 4-day diet diaries and a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Food expenditures over 4 weeks and supermarket prices ...
Radovnikovic Anita - - 2013
An exposure assessment to nitrofuran residues was performed for three human populations (adults, teenagers and children), based on residue analyses of foods of animal origin (liver, honey, eggs and aquaculture) covering the 2-year period 2009-2010. The occurrence of nitrofuran metabolites in food on the Irish market was determined for the ...
Gupta Ruchi - - 2013
IMPORTANCE Describing the economic impact of childhood food allergy in the United States is important to guide public health policies. OBJECTIVE To determine the economic impact of childhood food allergy in the United States and caregivers' willingness to pay for food allergy treatment. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS A cross-sectional survey ...
Wulff Tune - - 2013
Authentication of food is a major concern worldwide in order to ensure that food products are correctly labeled in terms of which animals are actually processed for consumption. Normally authentication is based on species recognition by comparison of selected sequences of DNA or protein. We here present a new robust, ...
Kong Weijun - - 2014
Twenty-four samples including 14 functional foods and 10 spices obtained from Chinese markets were examined for their mould profile. The mycotoxin contamination levels were also determined by an optimized HPLC-FLD method. 124 fungal isolates belonging to four different genera were recovered with Aspergillus and Penicillium as predominant fungi, with an ...
Riahi-Zanjani Bamdad - - 2013
Contamination of milk and dairy products with aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) presents a risk for human health. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of AFM1 in pasteurized milk samples in Fariman, located in the province of Khorasan Razavi, Iran, by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Forty-five samples of ...
Franck Caroline - - 2013
We examined the advantages and disadvantages of implementing a junk food tax as an intervention to counter increasing obesity in North America. Small excise taxes are likely to yield substantial revenue but are unlikely to affect obesity rates. High excise taxes are likely to have a direct impact on weight ...
Neckerman Kathryn M - - 2014
Many small grocery stores or "bodegas" sell prepared or ready-to-eat items, filling a niche in the food environment similar to fast-food restaurants. However, little comparative information is available about the nutrition environments of bodegas and fast-food outlets. This study compared the nutrition environments of bodegas and national chain fast-food restaurants ...
Timmins K A - - 2013
Background/Objectives:Diet cost could influence dietary patterns, with potential health consequences. Assigning a monetary cost to diet is challenging, and there are contrasting methods in the literature. This study compares two methods-a food cost database linked to 4-day diet diaries and an individual cost calculated from household till receipts.Subjects/Methods:The Diet and ...
Starrfelt Jostein - - 2013
Food web biomagnification is increasingly assessed by estimating trophic magnification factors (TMF) where solvent (often lipid) normalised contaminant concentration is regressed onto trophic level, and TMFs are represented by the slope of the relationship. In TMF regressions, the uncertainty in the contaminant concentrations is appreciated, whereas the trophic levels are ...
Pacioni Giovanni - - 2014
Truffles are among the most expensive foods and their quality depends on their unique aroma, composed of complex mixtures of lipophilic volatile organic compounds (VOCs). There are many foods flavored with truffle, and oils are particularly common. Using DHS-GC-MS and an electronic nose (MOS), 18 samples of olive oil flavored ...
Savio Stephanie - - 2013
Childhood obesity is one of the most pressing public health challenges of the 21st century. Reformulating commonly eaten food products is a key emerging strategy to improve the food supply and help address rising rates of obesity and chronic disease. This study aimed to monitor reformulation of Australian child-oriented food ...
Hu Hui-Chao - - 2013
This study reports on a method for determination of methanol in paper-related materials by headspace gas chromatography (HS-GC). The method is based on the hydrolysis of the pulp or paper matrix, using a phosphoric acid solution (42.5 %) as the medium at 120oC in 5 hours (excluding air contact) in ...
Georgiou Christiana A - - 2014
In recent years, cholesterol oxidation products (COPs) have drawn scientific interest, particularly due to their implications on human health. A big number of these compounds have been demonstrated to be cytotoxic, mutagenic, and carcinogenic. The main source of COPs is through diet, and particularly from the consumption of cholesterol-rich foods. ...
Li Xuan - - 2013
This paper reports an approach to enable rapid concentration and recovery of bacterial cells from aqueous chicken homogenates as a pre-analytical step of detection. This approach includes biochemical pretreatment and prefiltration of food samples and development of an automated cell concentration instrument based on crossflow microfiltration. A polysulfone hollow fiber ...
Schmitz Roma - - 2013
Background: To assess the prevalence of allergic sensitization and to analyze patterns of sensitization to common inhalant and food allergens in a nationwide representative sample of children and adolescents in Germany. Methods: Data were collected from 2003 to 2006 within the KiGGS, the national Health Interview and Examination Survey covering ...
Turner Tami - - 2013
The potential of β-cryptoxanthin (CX)-rich foods to form vitamin A (VA) in humans in not well understood. We measured the effects of consuming CX and β-carotene (BC)-rich foods on plasma and breast milk VA and carotenoids in lactating women with low VA status. Participants were randomly assigned to 4 groups ...
Gemming L - - 2013
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:The SenseCam is a camera worn on a lanyard around the neck that automatically captures point-of-view images in response to movement, heat and light (every 20-30 s). This device may enhance the accuracy of self-reported dietary intake by assisting participants' recall of food and beverage consumption. It was the objective of ...
Solheim Tora S - - 2013
Background. How to assess cachexia is a barrier both in research and in clinical practice. This study examines the need for assessing both reduced food intake and loss of appetite, to see if these variables can be used interchangeably. A secondary aim is to assess the variance explained by food ...
Merras-Salmio Laura - - 2013
The aim of this study was to evaluate the suspicion of cow's-milk allergy in infants with unspecific gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms using the double-blind, placebo-controlled food challenge. A prospective cohort study, which recruited 57 consecutive children with gastrointestinally manifested symptoms suspected of cow's-milk allergy. All patients underwent a 5-day double-blind, placebo-controlled ...
Schaafsma Anne - - 2013
Nutrition is a well-known factor in the growth, health and development of children. It is also acknowledged that worldwide many people have dietary imbalances resulting in over- or undernutrition. In 2009, the multinational food company FrieslandCampina initiated the South East Asian Nutrition Survey (SEANUTS), a combination of surveys carried out ...
Silva Neuciani Ferreira da - - 2013
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the reproducibility and relative validity and calibrate the dietary intake assessment of a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) using a random sample of 195 adults aged 20 to 50 years from the Central-West Region of Brazil. The reference method used by the ...
Martinez Marcelle Flores - - 2013
The objective of this study was to assess the validity and reproducibility of a food frequency questionnaire to assess intake of the food groups included in the food guide pyramid for adolescents (FFQ-FP). The final version of the FFQ-FP consisted of 50 food items. The study was carried out with ...
Varela-Moreiras Gregorio - - 2013
The Food Consumption Survey, conducted for over 20 years by the Spanish Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Environment (MAGRAMA), is the most reliable source of data to evaluate the food consumption and dietary patterns of Spain. The aim of the present article was to review the diet trends in Spain ...
Sánchez-Llaguno S N - - 2013
Introduction: Ecuador is a country with limited nutritional information, with exception of some general studies supported by Food Agriculture Organization (FAO). Aims: To carry out a nutritional assessment of the Ecuadorian diet and determine the percentage of contribution to the intake of different nutrients according to the order of the ...
Fiedler John L - - 2013
The technical and resource demands of the most precise dietary assessment methods, 24-hour recall and observed-weighed food records, have proven impractical for most low- and middle-income countries, leaving nutrition policymakers with a woefully inadequate evidence base and compromising nutrition program effectiveness. To better understand the relative costs of informing food ...
Garcia Maria Hismênia Máximo - - 2013
Introduction We attempted to supplement traditional insecticide spraying by treating peridomiciliar food sources with a powder formulation. Methods Two groups of houses were treated with deltamethrin suspension concentrate (SC), one of which had its primary peridomestic food sources treated with deltamethrin 2P. Results Triatoma brasiliensis was the most commonly captured ...
Koerner Terry B - - 2013
The food allergen analytical community is endeavoring to create harmonized guidelines for the validation of food allergen ELISA methodologies to help protect food-sensitive individuals and promote consumer confidence. This document provides additional guidance to existing method validation publications for quantitative food allergen ELISA methods. The gluten-specific criterion provided in this ...
Lexmaulová Hana - - 2013
A collaborative study in 10 laboratories was performed to validate an ELISA method developed for the quantitative determination of peanut protein in foods. The ELISA kit used for this study is based on rabbit polyclonal antibody. This kit does not produce any false-positive results or cross-reactivity with a broad range ...
Mahajan R R Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh 160012, India, School of Public - - 2013
Background. Food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) have been used in epidemiological studies across the world to capture the usual food intake of individuals. As food habits vary in different population groups, FFQs should be validated before use. Hence, we determined the reproducibility and validity of FFQs designed for urban and rural ...
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