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Results 451 - 500 of 2069
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Frazier Johnnie P - - 2013
Objective. To document the prevalence of junk foods seen at clinic visits. Design. A cross-sectional 23-item survey of observed food items were completed by medical staff using a convenience sample of families from June 2, 2011 to March 2, 2012. Setting. The study was conducted in pediatric clinics affiliated with ...
Meysenburg Rebecca - - 2013
Food preparers in families with young children are responsible for safe food preparation and handling to prevent foodborne illness. To explore the food safety perceptions, beliefs, and practices of primary food preparers in families with children 10 years of age and younger, a mixed methods convergent parallel design and constructs ...
Flachowsky Gerhard - - 2013
Iodine is an essential trace element for humans and animals, and it is incorporated into the thyroid hormones such as thyroxine and triiodothyronine, which have multiple functions in energy metabolism and growth, but also as transmitter of nervous stimuli and as an important factor for brain development. Because of the ...
Le Thuy-My - - 2013
Many children in the general population avoid food because of self-reported adverse food reactions (AFR). Food avoidance can have negative consequences for well-being and nutritional status. This study aimed to investigate which factors are related to avoidance behavior in children (10-13 yr old) from the general population. Questionnaires for both mother ...
Poti Jennifer M - - 2013
Little is known about the role of location in U.S. children's excess intake of energy from solid fat and added sugar, collectively referred to as SoFAS. The goal of this study was to compare the SoFAS content of foods consumed by children from stores, schools, and fast-food restaurants and to ...
Schneider Elizabeth P - - 2013
To determine whether sampled food blogs provide nutritionally balanced recipes. Two entree recipes per season, per year (2010-2011) were selected from 6 highly ranked food blogs (n = 96). Food Processor Nutrition and Fitness software was used to analyze sodium, saturated fat, and energy content. Analysis was separated by protein type ...
Schoder Dagmar - - 2013
In Tanzania, pastoralists such as the Maasai and small urban farmers are responsible for the country's milk production, and 95% of the national milk supply is sold without regulation. This study was conducted using hygiene checklists and milk sampling to investigate milk quality and safety at various steps throughout the ...
Cao Xu-Liang - - 2013
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) food-wrapping films plasticized with di-(2-ethylhexyl) adipate (DEHA) are commonly used by grocery stores in Canada to rewrap meat, poultry, fish, cheese, and other foods. DEHA was assessed as part of the Government of Canada's Chemicals Management Plan. The main source of exposure for most age groups was ...
Giacometti Federica - - 2013
Prevalence data were collected from official microbiological records monitoring four selected foodborne pathogens (Salmonella, Listeria monocytogenes, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Campylobacter jejuni) in raw milk sold by self-service vending machines in seven Italian regions (60,907 samples from 1,239 vending machines) from 2008 to 2011. Data from samples analyzed by both ...
Chang Man Li ML Department of Molecular Epidemiology, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150081, Heilongjiang, China; Department of Laboratory Medicine, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150086, Heilongjiang, - - 2013
To analyze the allergic status to common inhalant allergens and food allergens in clinical patients in Harbin in northeastern China and provide evidence to develop the prevention strategy of allergic disease. The data were collected from 5 473 patients with clinical suspected allergic diseases seeking medical care in the Second ...
Menong J M JM Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, North-West University, Mafikeng Campus, South - - 2013
The study examines extension needs of commercial farmers in the North West province. Commercial farming is one of the most important rural development investment strategies that can have both direct and indirect impact on poverty and food security. The sampling frame of the study consists of 88 farmers which is ...
Oyekale Tolulope Olayemi TO Institute of Food Security, Environmental Resources and Agricultural Research, University of Agriculture Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria. - - 2013
Milk is a source of protein but contains some micro-organisms which could be harmful if consumed raw. Pasteurization helps in making it safe for consumption without substantial depletion of its nutrient composition. This study examined the level of awareness of pasteurized milk, amount willing to pay per liter and factors ...
Sharafati-Chaleshtori R R Young Researchers Club, Shahre-kord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahre-kord, - - 2013
Nowadays, antibiotics are widely used in aquatic animals to control and treatment of infections or as food supplement for growth increase and animal output. With increasing use of veterinary drugs in food production, there is global consideration about the consumption of antimicrobial residues in aquatic foods and their effects on ...
Banzato C - - 2013
Food protein-induced enterocolitis syndrome (FPIES) is a potentially severe non-IgE-mediated food allergy usually caused by cow's milk or soy, and more rarely by solid foods such as rice, oats, barley, chicken, turkey, egg white, green peas and peanuts. In children with FPIES, the presence of specific IgE antibodies to the ...
Bird Patrick - - 2013
The 3M Molecular Detection Assay (MDA) Salmonella is used with the 3M Molecular Detection System for the detection of Salmonella spp. in food, food-related, and environmental samples after enrichment. The assay utilizes loop-mediated isothermal amplification to rapidly amplify Salmonella target DNA with high specificity and sensitivity, combined with bioluminescence to ...
Cryar Adam - - 2013
Current routine food allergen quantification methods, which are based on immunochemistry, offer high sensitivity but can suffer from issues of specificity and significant variability of results. MS approaches have been developed, but currently lack metrological traceability. A feasibility study on the application of metrologically traceable MS-based reference procedures was undertaken. ...
Benedito E E Ictiologia e Aquicultura, Núcleo de Pesquisas em Limnologia, Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Maringá, PR, - - 2013
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of Oreochromis niloticus cage culture promoted variations in the δ13C and δ15N in Corbicula fluminea (Mollusca; Bivalvia) and in the sediment of an aquatic food web. Samples were taken before and after net cage installation in the Rosana Reservoir (Paranapanema ...
Pereira Paula C PC Laboratório de Bioquímica, CiiEm - Centro de Investigação Interdisciplinar Egas Moniz, Egas Moniz, Cooperativa de Ensino Superior, C.R.L. Quinta da Granja, Monte de Caparica, Caparica, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Dairy and milk consumption are frequently included as important elements in a healthy and balanced diet. It is the first food for mammals and provides all the necessary energy and nutrients to ensure proper growth and development, being crucial in respect to bone mass formation. However, several controversies arise from ...
Burns Cate - - 2013
To examine the associations between financial, physical and transport conditions that may restrict food access (which we define as food security indicators) and the purchase of fast foods and nutritious staples such as bread and milk. Multilevel logistic and multinomial regression analysis of cross-sectional survey data to assess associations between ...
Shannon Ron R a Mississippi State Chemical Laboratory , Mississippi State University , Mississippi State , MS , - - 2014
Rice milk and its by-products were tested for total arsenic concentration. Total arsenic concentration was determined using graphite-furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. The arsenic concentrations ranged from 2.7 ± 0.3 to 17.9 ± 0.5 µg L(-1). Rice milk and its by-products are not clearly defined as food, water or milk substitute. The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), ...
Rehnstam-Holm A-S - - 2013
The bacteria Vibrio parahaemolyticus is an important component of coastal ecosystems worldwide, and in recent years, V. parahaemolyticus has caused several cases of food-borne gastroenteritis. However, research investigating which parameters are important in regulating V. parahaemolyticus abundance in tropical areas with relatively stable temperatures and salinity are largely lacking. The ...
Demirel Rasime - - 2013
Aflatoxins (AFs) and Ochratoxin A (OTA) are metabolites produced by several fungi of the genera Aspergillus and Penicillium, and have been found to contaminate human foods and animal feed. The aim of the present study was to investigate the abundance and diversity of total microfungi and mycotoxigenic fungi in twenty-five ...
Pritchard Sarah J - - 2013
Texture modified diets may be enriched to optimise the opportunity for individuals to meet their required energy intakes; however there is insufficient evidence supporting this strategy. Thus we sought to investigate the effect of texture and energy density on food (g) and energy intakes (kcal), appetite (satiation and satiety), and ...
Vericker Tracy C - - 2013
Childhood obesity is a critical public health issue, with prevalence rates reaching nearly one in five children. Schools may be a promising public policy intervention point. The foods schools sell and the physical activity environments they foster can influence dietary behaviors and overall physical activity. Using secondary data from a ...
Kalivas John H - - 2014
Quantitative analysis of food adulterants is an important health and economic issue that needs to be fast and simple. Spectroscopy has significantly reduced analysis time. However, still needed are preparations of analyte calibration samples matrix matched to prediction samples which can be laborious and costly. Reported in this paper is ...
Zalma Abdul Razak - - 2013
Interventions to counter the influence of television food advertising amongst children are important. Thus, reliable and valid instrument to assess its effect is needed. The objective of this study was to determine the reliability and validity of such a questionnaire. The questionnaire was administered twice on 32 primary schoolchildren aged ...
Urtiaga Carmen - - 2013
Sulphites are widely used as a preservative and antioxidant additive in food. The aim of this study was to assess dietary sulphite intake in adults aged 35-65 years and in children aged 4-18 years living in the Basque Country, northern Spain. We determined sulphite concentrations in 909 samples covering 16 ...
Scharf Alexandra - - 2013
For the routine detection of allergens in foods, PCR and/or ELISA methods are employed. To assess the suitability of these methods, proficiency tests (PTs) could be used as a valuable instrument. It is a common practice to evaluate the results with respect to the experimentally obtained robust mean without considering ...
Keim Sarah A SA 700 Children's Dr, Columbus, OH 43205. - - 2013
To quantify microbial contamination of human milk purchased via the Internet as an indicator of disease risk to recipient infants. Cross-sectional sample of human milk purchased via a popular US milk-sharing Web site (2012). Individuals advertising milk were contacted to arrange purchase, and milk was shipped to a rented mailbox ...
Custodio Joseph M - - 2013
The effect of food on rilpivirine/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate single-tablet regimen (STR) was evaluated in healthy subjects. Subjects (N = 24) received rilpivirine/emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (25/200/300 mg) under fasted or fed conditions (light [390 kcal, 12 g fat]; standard [540 kcal, 21 g fat]) followed by pharmacokinetic (PK) sampling. The 90% confidence interval (CI) of the geometric mean ...
Agustina Rina - - 2013
Information on the part that poor food-hygiene practices play a role in the development of diarrhea in low socioeconomic urban communities is lacking. This study was therefore aimed at assessing the contribution of food-hygiene practice to the prevalence of diarrhea among Indonesian children. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 274 ...
Ye Lin - - 2013
Gut microbiota of invasive Asian silver carp (SVCP) and indigenous planktivorous gizzard shad (GZSD) in Mississippi river basin were compared using 16S rRNA gene pyrosequencing. Analysis of more than 440 000 quality-filtered sequences obtained from the foregut and hindgut of GZSD and SVCP revealed high microbial diversity in these samples. GZSD ...
Kovács L - - 2013
Heart rate variability (HRV), as a physiological measure of animal welfare, was investigated in 36 cows milked in a parallel milking parlor with nonvoluntary exit. Heart rate variability parameters measured during the morning resting (baseline period) were compared with those measured during different stages of the entire milking process. No ...
Sant'ana A M S - - 2013
This study aimed to assess and compare the nutritional, technological, and sensory characteristics of Minas fresh cheese made with goat milk, cow milk, or a mixture of the two stored in cold conditions for 21 d. The yield and centesimal composition of the cheeses were not affected by the type ...
Lippman Hugh H a Mead Johnson Nutrition , Evansville, Indiana; 2400 West Lloyd Expressway, B328 , Evansville , Indiana , - - 2013
Abstract Utilization of expert recommendations in the development of food and beverage nutritional profiles represents an opportunity to merge science and food manufacturing to deliver nutritionally-optimized products into the marketplace and hands of consumers. This report details expert panel guidelines for the design of a pediatric nutritional product. This interaction ...
Longenberger A H - - 2013
SUMMARY In July 2011, a cluster of Yersinia enterocolitica infections was detected in southwestern Pennsylvania, USA. We investigated the outbreak's source and scope in order to prevent further transmission. Twenty-two persons were diagnosed with yersiniosis; 16 of whom reported consuming pasteurized dairy products from dairy A. Pasteurized milk and food ...
Hutchesson M J - - 2013
Background/objectives:The primary aim of this secondary analysis was to compare changes in dietary intake among participants randomized to two versions of a 12-week commercial web-based weight loss program (basic or enhanced) with a waiting-list control. An additional investigation compared changes in dietary intake of successful participants (weight loss 5%) with ...
Hernandez Daphne C - - 2013
Abstract Background: Examination of maternal experiences of intimate partner violence (IPV) and depression as risk factors for food insecurity can provide a more nuanced understanding of the role that the family environment and women's health plays in the lives of families with young children that experience food insecurity. We investigated ...
Premanandh J - - 2013
Food misdescription has become of paramount importance as consumers come into contact daily with a great variety of foods. The controversies surrounding genetically modified organism (GMO) labelling and malpractices in the food chain have forced regulatory authorities to authenticate food from production to consumption. This paper reports the results of ...
Rocha Rene A - - 2013
To quantify fluoride in food it is necessary to extract the fluoride from the matrix. Dry ashing (alkali fusion) and facilitated diffusion are the methods most commonly used, but their application requires lengthy treatments. The present study proposes the use of a microwave oven and 7 mol/L nitric acid for ...
Coignard Maud - - 2013
Under the assumption that milk yield may be reduced in herds with impaired welfare, the present study aimed at investigating whether milk yield could be used as a reliable indicator of welfare. In 125 commercial French dairy herds, the association between the welfare of the herd (evaluated using the Welfare ...
Midey Anthony J - - 2013
High-performance ion mobility spectrometry (HPIMS) with an electrospray ionization (ESI) source detected a series of food contaminants and additive compounds identified as critical to monitoring the safety of food samples. These compounds included twelve phthalate plasticizers, legal and illegal food and cosmetic dyes, and artificial sweeteners that were all denoted ...
Park Si Hong - - 2014
Salmonella is the leading cause of foodborne illnesses in the United States, and one of the main contributors to salmonellosis is the consumption of contaminated poultry and poultry products. Since deleterious effects of Salmonella on public health and the economy continue to occur, there is an ongoing need to develop ...
Hanks Andrew S - - 2013
Measuring food waste is essential to determine the impact of school interventions on what children eat. There are multiple methods used for measuring food waste, yet it is unclear which method is most appropriate in large-scale interventions with restricted resources. This study examines which of three visual tray waste measurement ...
Gokulakrishnan P P a Division of Livestock Products Technology, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar , Bareilly , U.P , 243 122 , - - 2013
ABSTRACT Achieving food safety is a global health goal and the food-borne diseases take a major check on global health. Therefore, detection of microbial pathogens in food is the solution to the prevention and recognition of problems related to health and safety. Conventional and standard bacterial detection methods such as ...
Nagaraj Sowmya - - 2013
To develop a multiplex PCR assay coupled with selective enrichment step to detect major virulence associated genes of enterotoxigenic S. aureus and evaluate the same directly on contaminated food samples. The most important virulence associated genes of S. aureus which are commonly related to food safety issues are targeted in ...
Hlouskova Veronika - - 2013
This study summarises the results of the levels of 21 perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in 50 selected pooled samples representing 15 food commodities with the special focus on those of animal origin, as meat, seafood, fish, milk, dairy products and hen eggs, which are commonly consumed in various European markets, e.g. ...
Bragg Marie A - - 2013
OBJECTIVE:This study quantified professional athletes' endorsement of food and beverages, evaluated the nutritional quality of endorsed products, and determined the number of television commercial exposures of athlete-endorsement commercials for children, adolescents, and adults.METHODS:One hundred professional athletes were selected on the basis of Bloomberg Businessweek's 2010 Power 100 rankings, which ranks ...
Llorente-Mirandes Toni - - 2014
The present study arose from the need to determine inorganic arsenic (iAs) at low levels in cereal-based food. Validated methods with a low limit of detection (LOD) are required to analyse these kinds of food. An analytical method for the determination of iAs, methylarsonic acid (MA) and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) ...
Coman Maria Magdalena - - 2013
Fermented foods have a great significance since they provide and preserve large quantities of nutritious foods in a wide diversity of flavors, aromas and texture, which enrich the human diet. Originally fermented milks were developed as a means of preserving nutrients and are the most representatives of the category. The ...
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