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Xu Peng P Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shuangqing RD 18, Beijing 100085, - - 2014
Earthworms represent an important food source for many vertebrates and as a result, predators may encounter toxic effects via the food chain from consumption of contaminated worms. Therefore, including an assessment of xenobiotic to worms in risk assessment procedures is advisable. Here we studied the acute toxicity, bioaccumulation and elimination ...
Athas Jasmin C JC Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry and ‡Department of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, University of Maryland , College Park, Maryland 20742, United - - 2014
Synthetic dispersants such as Corexit 9500A were used in large quantities (∼2 million gallons) to disperse the oil spilled in the ocean during the recent Deepwater Horizon event. These dispersant formulations contain a blend of surfactants in a base of organic solvent. Some concerns have been raised regarding the aquatic ...
Morlock Gertrud Elisabeth - - 2014
Complex samples like food contain thousands of single compounds. In the past, only known target compounds were looked for, however, most bioactive compounds in food are unknown. On the contrary, non-target analyses face the challenge of determining the thousand peaks' identities, but it remains largely unclear which peaks are bioactive. ...
Yang Mei M Department of Biology and Chemistry, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong SAR, China. - - 2014
Abrus cantoniensis is a common and popular vegetative food consumed as beverage, soup and folk medicine in the tropical and subtropical areas of Asia. It has been claimed valuable for cleansing toxicants in the liver. However, the functional effects of A. cantoniensis have not yet been scientifically explored. This study ...
Curwin Brian D BD Division of Surveillance, Hazard Evaluations, and Field Studies, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio, - - 2014
Flavorings are substances that alter or enhance the taste of food. Workers in the food-manufacturing industry, where flavorings are added to many products, may be exposed to any number of flavoring compounds. Although thousands of flavoring substances are in use, little is known about most of these in terms of ...
Wu Zhihua Z a State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Nanchang University , Nanchang , P.R. - - 2014
Peanut, as one of major food allergens, became an increasingly common life-threatening disorder. Although peanut allergens had been extensively identified, Ara h 1 is still too expensive to be applied in food safety or clinical utility. In this study, the purification, expression and immunological analyses of Ara h 1 were ...
LLana-Ruiz-Cabello Maria M Area of Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidad de Sevilla, Profesor García González n° 2, 41012 Seville. - - 2014
Currently, direct antimicrobial and antioxidant additives derived from essential oils are used in food packaging and are perceived by consumers as low-health-risk compounds. In this study, we investigated the potential mutagenicity and genotoxicity of carvacrol and thymol, major compounds in several essential oils, using the Ames Salmonella test and the ...
Srivastava Prateeti P Human Resource Development - - 2014
Abstract Pomegranate (Punica granatum) peel is rich source of dietary fiber and bioactive compounds, hence could be used in the development of functional food formulations. Attempt was made to see the effect of dried pomegranate peel powder (DPPP) and emulsifiers on the rheological, nutritional and quality characteristics of biscuits. Incorporation ...
Liang Y Y a Key Laboratory of Food Quality and Safety of Jiangsu Province , Jiangsu Academy of Agricultural Science , Nanjing , - - 2014
The combining and quantifying effects of food processing on pesticide residues in fruits were analyzed by a meta-analysis approach. Data were collected from many publications and used to calculate response ratios, confidence intervals and intra assay coefficients of variation. The response ratios for washing by tap water, boiling and sun ...
Xiao Zijun Z Centre for Bioengineering and Biotechnology, China University of Petroleum , Qingdao 266580, - - 2014
Acetoin is a common food flavor additive. This volatile compound widely exists in nature. Some microorganisms, higher plants, insects, and higher animals have the ability to synthesize acetoin using different enzymes and pathways under certain circumstances. As a very active molecule, acetoin acts as a precursor of dozens of compounds. ...
Abrunhosa Luís L a IBB, Institute for Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Centre of Biological Engineering, University of Minho , Campus de Gualtar , 4710-057 Braga , - - 2014
Abstract Mycotoxins are toxic secondary metabolites produced by filamentous fungi that occur naturally in agricultural commodities worldwide. Aflatoxins, ochratoxin A, patulin, fumonisins, zearalenone, trichothecenes and ergot alkaloids are presently the most important for food and feed safety. These compounds are produced by several species that belong to the Aspergillus, Penicillium, ...
Guérard Melanie M F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Pharmaceutical Research and Early Development, Pharmaceutical Sciences, Roche Innovation Center Basel, Grenzacherstrasse 183, 4070 Basel, Switzerland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The incidence of micronucleated-cells is considered to be a marker of a genotoxic event and can be caused by direct- or indirect-DNA reactive mechanisms. In particular, small increases in the incidence of micronuclei, which are not associated with toxicity in the target tissue or any structurally altering properties of the ...
Lee Bora B Department of Foods and Nutrition, Kookmin University, 77 Jeongneung-ro, Seungbuk-gu, Seoul 136-702, South - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of television food advertising on participant food intake and risk of obesity. A total of 2419 children aged 11-13 years were selected from 118 elementary schools in South Korea. All participants completed a self-administered questionnaire with questions about height, weight, television ...
Kim D W DW Molecular Epidemiology Branch, National Cancer Center, Goyang-si, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of - - 2014
Background:Controlling for day-to-day variation is a key issue in estimating long-term dietary exposure to heavy metals using 24-hour recall (24HR) data from a relatively small number of days.Objectives:This study was conducted to estimate long-term dietary exposure to lead, cadmium and mercury among Korean children using the Iowa State University (ISU) ...
Dewalque Lucas L Laboratory of Clinical, Forensic and Environmental Toxicology, University of Liege (ULg), CHU (B35), Liege 4000, Belgium; Center for Interdisciplinary Research on Medicines (C.I.R.M.), University of Liege (ULg), CHU (B35), Liege 4000, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
The daily intakes (DI) were estimated in a Belgian general population for 5 phthalates, namely diethyl phthalate (DEP), di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP), di-iso-butyl phthalate (DiBP), butylbenzyl phthalate (BBzP) and di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP), based on the urinary measurements of their corresponding metabolites. DI values ranged between <LOD and 59.65μg/kg bw/day depending on ...
Quintaneiro C C CESAM and Departamento de Biologia, Universidade de Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-191, Aveiro, Portugal, - - 2014
The equilibrium of the structure and functioning of freshwater ecosystems is dependent of detritivores that link all the other functional groups. The preference for feeding leaves with different diameters (particle size) and leaves with metal contamination (several concentrations of the essential metals copper and zinc) were determined for two detritivores, ...
Llana-Ruiz-Cabello María M Area of Toxicology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidad de Sevilla, Professor García González n°2, 41012 Seville, - - 2015
Edible members of the Allium family are widely used since they exhibit antioxidant and antibacterial related to the organosulphur compounds. One the most promising use of Allium species, hence, onion essential oil, could be in the packaging food industry. The present work aims to assess the safety of two organosulphur ...
Ciarmiello Loredana Filomena - - 2014
Hazelnuts exhibit functional properties due to their content in fatty acids and phenolic compounds that could positively affect human health. Food industry requires precise traits for morphological, chemical and physical kernel features so that some cultivars could be more suitable for specific industrial processing. In this study, agronomical and morphological ...
Clostre Florence F Cirad/CAEC, UPR fonctionnement agroécologique et performances des systèmes de culture horticoles, B.P. 214 Petit Morne, Martinique, F-97232 Le Lamentin, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Decades after their use and their ban, organochlorine pesticides still pollute soil, water and food and lead to human and ecosystem exposure. In the case of chlordecone, human exposure is mainly due to the consumption of polluted food. We studied the effect of preparation and cooking in five vegetable products, ...
Bolarinwa Islamiyat F - - 2014
Amygdalin is a member of the cyanogenic glycoside group of plant secondary metabolites capable of generating hydrogen cyanide under certain conditions. As a consequence, the cyanogenic glycosides have been associated with incidents of acute and sub-acute food poisoning. Specific antibodies were raised against an amygdalin-bovine serum albumin immunogen synthesised using ...
Ponzo Valentina - - 2014
Resveratrol is a polyphenolic compound found in several plants. In the last decades, the interest in this compound has enormously increased after benefits on metabolism and increased lifespan of various organisms have been reported with its supplementation. Several in-vitro and animal studies have observed that resveratrol can act on multiple ...
Mok Jong Soo JS Southeast Sea Fisheries Research Institute, National Fisheries Research and Development Institute, 361 Youngun-ri, Sanyang-up, Tongyoung 650-943, - - 2014
The concentrations of the heavy metals cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), chromium, silver, nickel, copper, and zinc in the edible portions of 105 marine invertebrates representing 16 mollusk and crustacean species were accurately determined to evaluate their hazard for human consumption. The samples were collected in 2011 from major ...
Simmons Amber L AL Department of Medicine, Boston University Medical Center, 650 Albany St., Rm X810, Boston MA 02118, Tel.: 617-638-7088, Fax.: 617-638-7124, - - 2014
The "chemical obesogen" hypothesis conjectures that synthetic, environmental contaminants are contributing to the global epidemic of obesity. In fact, intentional food additives (e.g., artificial sweeteners and colors, emulsifiers) and unintentional compounds (e.g., bisphenol A, pesticides) are largely unstudied in regard to their effects on overall metabolic homeostasis. With that said, ...
Park Yeong-Chul YC GLP Center and Dept. of Medicinal Life Science, Catholic University of Daegu, Keongsan, - - 2014
Radix Astragali, the root of Astragalus (A.) membranaceus, has been applied in a variety of diseases for a long time in Asian countries such as Korea and China. In addition, the aerial parts such as leaves and stems of A. membranaceus have received a great deal of attention. Recently, the ...
Meitinger Michael M Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Lebensmittelchemie, Lise-Meitner-Straße 34, D-85354 Freising, - - 2014
During thermal processing of foods, reducing carbohydrates and amino acids may form 1-amino-1-desoxyketoses named Amadori rearrangement products after the Italian chemist Mario Amadori. Although these compounds are transient intermediates of the Maillard reaction, they are often used as suitable markers to measure the extent of a thermal food processing, such ...
Fiume Monice M MM Cosmetic Ingredient Review Senior Scientific Analyst/Writer, Washington, DC, - - 2014
The CIR Expert Panel assessed the safety of 6 Cucumis sativus (cucumber)-derived ingredients and found them safe in cosmetic formulations in the present practices of use and concentration. These ingredients are reported to function in cosmetics as skin-conditioning agents. Cucumber is a commonly consumed food with no history of significant ...
Singh Anurag A Nestlé Research Center,Vers-chez-les-Blanc,CH-1000 Lausanne - - 2014
Polyphenols are naturally derived bioactive compounds with numerous reported health benefits. We have previously reported on the beneficial effect of a polyphenol-enriched apple extract in a murine model of food allergy. The objectives of the present study were to elucidate the class of bioactive polyphenols that exhibit a beneficial anti-allergic ...
Tingirikari Jagan Mohan Rao JM Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati , Guwahati, Assam , - - 2014
Abstract Dextran produced from Weissella cibaria JAG8 was purified and characterized. The molecular mass of dextran as determined by the gel filtration and copper bicinchoninate method was approximately, 800 kDa. Monosaccharide analysis revealed that the polysaccharide comprised only glucose units. Dynamic light scattering study confirmed the mono-disperse nature of dextran with ...
Blanco-Díaz María Teresa MT Department of Postharvest Technology and Food Industry, IFAPA Center La Mojonera, Camino San Nicolás, 1, 04745 La Mojonera, Almería, - - 2014
The food industry and plant breeding programmes require fast, clean and low-cost screening techniques for nutritional compounds determination in food matrices. This is the first report on the study of the potential of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) for the prediction of antioxidant compounds in summer squash tissues collected since 2009-2012. Modified ...
Nallagundla Sumalatha S Basic Science Research Center, KLE University, Belgaum, 590010, Karnataka, - - 2014
Acyclovir, indicated in the treatment of herpes labialis ("cold sores"), is formulated as semisolid topical dosage forms and marketed in numerous countries. Since the formulations of the various acyclovir products may differ from country to country, this study was undertaken to compare the in vitro release of acyclovir from various ...
Venhuis Bastiaan B National Institute for Public Health and the Environment - Center for Health Protection, Bilthoven, the - - 2014
Food supplements are regularly found to contain pharmacologically active substances. Recently, the food supplement Dexaprine was removed from the Dutch market because it was associated with severe adverse events. Reports to the Dutch Poisons Information Center (DPIC) showed that ingestion of as little as half a tablet caused several cases ...
Mosby Terezie Tolar TT Department of Clinical Nutrition, St. Jude Children's Research Hospital, 262 Danny Thomas Place, Memphis, TN, 38105-3678, USA, - - 2014
Nurses at a meeting of the Asociación de Hemato Oncología Pediátrica de Centroamérica y El Caribe recognized food safety as one of the main issues affecting patient care. The objective was to increase awareness of food safety issues among caregivers for pediatric cancer patients in Guatemala and El Salvador. A ...
Weaver Connie M CM Department of Nutrition Science, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN - - 2014
Bioactive compounds in foods have been gaining interest, and processes to consider them for public health recommendations are being discussed. However, the evidence base is difficult to assemble. It is difficult to demonstrate causality, and there often is not a single compound-single effect relation. Furthermore, health benefits may be due ...
Kim Jongchul J School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Pohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH), San 31, Hyoja-dong, Nam-gu, Pohang 790-784, Republic of - - 2014
A total of 175 samples, composed of 35 different foodstuffs, were obtained from retail markets in Korea and analyzed to investigate the contamination status and dietary intake of Dechlorane compounds. The concentrations of Dechlorane Plus (DP), mirex, Dechlorane (Dec) 602 and 603 ranged from ND to 169.85pg/g wet weight (ww), ...
Thao Nguyen Phuong - - 2014
Sea cucumbers have been used as a dietary delicacy and important ingredient in Asian traditional medicine and functional foods over many centuries. Using combined chromatographic methods, six triterpene saponins (1-6), including a new compound, stichloroside F (1), were isolated from a methanol extract of the sea cucumber Stichopus chloronotus Brandt. ...
Charania Nadia A NA Environment and Resource Studies, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, - - 2014
Cadmium (Cd), a nonessential toxic metal present in the environment, accumulates in the organs of herbivorous mammals which typically are consumed by Aboriginal populations. The relative contribution of this potential exposure source to concentrations of blood Cd was investigated in 1429 participants (age >7 years) residing in the nine Cree ...
Yan Xi-Tao XT College of Pharmacy, Chungnam National University, Daejeon, 305-764, Republic of - - 2014
The fruits of Prunus mume are a common commercial product and a valuable source of food and medicinal material in Eastern Asian countries. Our phytochemical investigation of the P. mume fruit led to the isolation of nine terpenes, including three ursane-type triterpenes (1-3), two cycloartane-type triterpenes (4 and 5), and ...
Jia Qi Q Department of Food Science and Engineering, School of Chemical Engineering, Northwest University, Xi'an 710069, - - 2014
There is increasing concern that the presence of antibiotics such as nitrofurans in animal-derived food products is harmful to human. This study originally assessed the effects of different honey processing steps on the stabilities of four nitrofuran metabolites (3-amino-2-oxazolidone, 1-aminohydantonin, semicarbazide and 3-amino-5-morpholinomethyl-2-oxazolidone). Macroporous adsorption resins (MARs) were evaluated for ...
Vyry Wouatsa N A NA CSIR-Central Inst. of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow, 226015, India; Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar Univ, Lucknow, 226025, - - 2014
The essential oils of 2 Cameroonian spices, namely, Xylopia aethiopica and Ocimum canum, were chemically investigated and screened for their antibacterial activity. The essential oils were analyzed by means of GC, GC/MS, and NMR. X. aethiopica oil contained myrtenol (12%), a monoterpenoid in highest concentration. The essential oil of O. ...
Quirós-Sauceda A E AE Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, AC (CIAD, AC), Carretera a la Victoria Km 0.6, La Victoria, Hermosillo, Sonora 83000, Mexico. - - 2014
Dietary fiber and phenolic compounds are two recognized dietary factors responsible for potential effects on human health; therefore, they have been widely used to increase functionality of some foods. This paper focuses on showing the use of both substances as functional ingredients for enriching foods, and at the same time, ...
Mari Angela A Dipartimento di Farmacia, Università degli Studi di Salerno, via Giovanni Paolo II n. 132, 84084 Fisciano, SA, - - 2014
Helichrysum italicum is widely used in traditional medicine, in cosmetic, in food and pharmaceutical field. In spite of this, very little is known about the chemical composition of its polar extracts. Therefore this study was addressed to the determination of the metabolite profile of the methanol extract of H. italicum ...
Ramírez-Jiménez A K AK Posgrado en Ciencia y Tecnología de los Alimentos, Research and Graduate Studies in Food Science, School of Chemistry, Universidad Autonoma de Queretaro, Centro Universitario, Santiago de Queretaro C.P. 76010, Qro, - - 2014
The effect of cooking followed by dehydration was evaluated on the bioactive composition, antioxidant activity and technological properties of two varieties (Negro 8025 and Bayo Madero) of common beans. Quercetin, rutin, and phenolic acids were the most abundant phenolics found. Cooking processes resulted in decreased values of some phenolic compounds ...
Gowder Sivakumar J T SJ Qassim University, College of Applied Medical Sciences, P.Box-6800, Buraidah -51452, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. - - 2014
Bisphenol A (BPA), the highest volume chemical produced in the whole world, is widely used in the production of polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins. Polycarbonate plastics are in use, especially in the manufacture of consumer products. The exposure of BPA to humans occurs through food contamination from polycarbonate bottles and ...
Zimmerman Frederick J - - 2014
Advertising has been implicated in the declining quality of the American diet, but much of the research has been conducted with children rather than adults. This study tested the effects of televised food advertising on adult food choice. Participants (N = 351) were randomized into one of 4 experimental conditions: ...
Giarratana F F Department of Veterinary Science, University of Messina, Polo Universitario della Annunziata, 98168 Messina, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Anisakiasis is an important food-borne disease especially in countries with high fish consumption. The increase of cases of human disease and the virtual absence of effective treatments have prompted the research on new active compounds against Anisakis larvae. As well known, the disease is related to the consumption of raw ...
Ginsburg B C BC The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, Departments of Psychiatry and Pharmacology, 7703 Floyd Curl Dr. , San Antonio, TX - - 2014
Drugs that more potently or effectively reduce ethanol-maintained behavior versus an alternative are considered selective and are considered promising pharmacotherapies for alcoholism. Such results are often obtained using separate groups or multiple schedules where ethanol and the alternative are available alone or sequentially. Recently, we observed that when ethanol and ...
Kim Jina J a Research Center for Cell Fate Control, College of Pharmacy , Sookmyung Women's University , Seoul , Republic of - - 2014
Based on exposure frequency and intrinsic toxicity, lead (Pb) ranks one of the highest priority toxic materials. Continuous regulation of environmental Pb exposure has contributed to dramatically diminished exposure levels of Pb, for example, blood level of Pb. However, the safety level of Pb is not established, as low-level exposure ...
Bayona Yannick Y INRA, UMR985 Écologie et Santé des Écosystèmes, Équipe Écotoxicologie et Qualité des Milieux Aquatiques, Agrocampus Ouest, 65 rue de Saint Brieuc, F-35042 Rennes, France; Service Environnement, TOTAL SA, Pôle d'Etude et de Recherche de Lacq RN 117, BP 47, F-64170 Lacq, - - 2014
Descriptors of trophic niche and of food web structure and function have been suggested as integrative and sensitive endpoints of toxicant effects. In the present study, carbon and nitrogen stable isotope signatures were used to assess the effects of the dithiocarbamate fungicide thiram (35 and 170μg/L nominal concentrations) and of ...
Rahman Md Mahfujur MM Nanotechnology and Catalysis Research Centre, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur 50603, - - 2014
A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay for the assessment of dog meat adulteration in meatballs was developed. The assay selectively amplified a 100-bp region of canine mitochondrial cytochrome b gene from pure, raw, processed and mixed backgrounds. The specificity of the assay was tested against 11 animals and 3 plants ...
Simon Olivier O Laboratoire de Biogéochimie, Biodisponibilité et Transferts des radionucléides, Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire, Saint Paul Lez Durance, - - 2014
Although reproduction in fish is known to be sensitive to metal exposure, few ecotoxicological studies have focused on the toxicological effects of metals. Because uranium (U) is naturally present in aquatic ecosystems (0.6-2 mg/L), freshwater organisms are subjected to chronic U exposure. Although new standardized assays are currently being developed to ...
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