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Fonseca Fernanda F Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), UMR 782 Génie et Microbiologie des Procédés Alimentaires (GMPA), Bâtiment CBAI, 1 avenue Lucien Brétignières, F-78850, Thiverval-Grignon, France, - - 2015
Lactic acid bacteria are of great importance for the food and biotechnology industry. They are widely used as starters for manufacturing food (e.g., yogurt, cheese, fermented meats, and vegetables) and probiotic products, as well as for green chemistry applications. Freeze-drying or lyophilization is a convenient method for preservation of bacteria. ...
Hong Steven Y SY *Division of Geographic Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA; †Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA; ‡Directorate of Special Programmes, Republic of Namibia Ministry of Health and Social Services, Windhoek, Namibia; §Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA; and ‖Tufts Clinical and Translational Science Institute, Tufts University, Boston, - - 2014
Food insecurity is emerging as an important barrier to antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence. The objective of this study was to determine if food insecurity is associated with poor ART adherence among HIV-positive adults in a resource-limited setting that uses the public health model of delivery. A cross-sectional study using a ...
Girma Gosa - - 2014
Paper currency is used for every type of commerce and plays an important role in the life of human beings. However, the combination of its widespread use and constant exchange make paper currency a likely agent for disease transmission. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the microbial ...
Naja Farah F Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Riad El-Solh, P.O. Box 11-0236, Beirut, 1107 2020, Lebanon, - - 2014
To propose an index for assessing adherence to a Middle Eastern version of the Mediterranean diet as represented by the Traditional Lebanese Mediterranean diet (LMD), to evaluate the association between the LMD and selected European Mediterranean diets (EMD), and to examine socio-demographic and lifestyle correlates of adherence to Mediterranean diet ...
Zaczek Maciej M Laboratory of Bacteriophages, Ludwik Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Polish Academy of Sciences, Rudolfa Weigla 12, 53-114, Wrocław, - - 2014
From recent papers we have learned that phages can constitute a promising alternative in the food industry to eliminate bacterial pathogens from seedlings in greenhouse and field environments, as well as from fresh-cut food products. The fruit and vegetable industry requires quite a different approach than the meat or dairy ...
Gupta V V Medical Microbiology and Bioprocess Technology Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, Haryana, - - 2014
Yersinia enterocolitica is a gastrointestinal pathogen which causes yersiniosis, an illness characterized by diarrhea, ileitis, and mesenteric lymphadenitis. Y. enterocolitica is transmitted via the feco-oral route by the consumption of contaminated food or water. Several phenotypic and genotypic methods have been developed to reliably detect Y. enterocolitica in food. However, ...
Walsh Kelly A KA 1 Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Atlanta, Georgia - - 2014
Abstract Fresh fruits and vegetables are an important part of a healthy diet. Melons have been associated with enteric infections. We reviewed outbreaks reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System during 1973-2011 in which the implicated food was a single melon type. We ...
Elhadidy Mohamed M Mansoura University; - - 2014
The aim of this study was to identify an epidemiological association between Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains associated with human infection and with food sources. Frequency distributions of different genetic markers of E. coli O157:H7 strains recovered from human and food sources were compared using molecular assays to identify ...
Ben-Yosef M M Department of Entomology, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, - - 2014
Insects are often associated with symbiotic micro-organisms, which allow them to utilize nutritionally marginal diets. Adult fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) associate with extracellular bacteria (Enterobacteriaceae) that inhabit their digestive tract. These flies obtain nutrients by foraging for plant exudates, honeydew and bird droppings scattered on leaves and fruit - a ...
Williams Natalie A NA Department of Child, Youth and Family Studies, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 131 Home Economics Building, Lincoln, NE, 68588-0236, USA, - - 2014
This study examined interpersonal relationship processes as they relate to health-related quality of life (HRQL) in caregivers of food-allergic children. Research questions explored the relative contributions of social support and social negativity to caregivers' adaptation as well as mechanisms of moderation, mediation, and moderated mediation through which these influences affect ...
Willke Thomas T Thünen-Institute of Agricultural Technology, Bundesallee 50, 38116, Braunschweig, Germany, - - 2014
This paper presents an updated critical review about several attempts to contribute methionine (Met) to the world market with an emphasis on fermentation processes, especially from natural biological sources. Analytical methods for the determination of methionine are reviewed as well as applications in feed, food, pharmacy, and medicine. Fermentation studies ...
Levy Donna J DJ Chapman University, Schmid College of Science and Technology, Food Science and Nutrition, One University Drive, Orange, CA, - - 2014
Farmers' markets have been growing in popularity in the United States, but the microbial quality and safety of the food sold at these markets is currently unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess the microbial safety and quality of fresh basil, parsley, and cilantro sold at farmers' markets ...
Faithfull C L CL Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden, - - 2014
This study demonstrates that clear and humic freshwater pelagic communities respond differently to the same environmental stressors, i.e. nutrient and light availability. Thus, effects on humic communities cannot be generalized from existing knowledge about these environmental stressors on clear water communities. Small humic lakes are the most numerous type of ...
Simmons Courtenay C Department of Food Science, Cornell University, 410 Stocking Hall, Ithaca, New York 14850, - - 2014
Postprocessing contamination in processing plants has historically been a significant source of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat delicatessen meats, and therefore a major cause of human listeriosis cases and outbreaks. Recent risk assessments suggest that a majority of human listeriosis cases linked to consumption of contaminated deli meats may be due ...
Paine Shevaun S 1 Institute of Environmental Science and Research Ltd. , Wellington, New Zealand - - 2014
Abstract A widespread salmonellosis outbreak linked to consumption of hummus made from contaminated tahini imported from Turkey occurred in New Zealand in November 2012. This article summarizes the outbreak detection, investigation, and control. The New Zealand Enteric Reference Laboratory alerted public health units regarding a cluster of 11 persons with ...
Kuang Dai D 1 College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University , Guangzhou, China - - 2014
Abstract Salmonella enterica serotype Agona (Salmonella Agona) has been among the top 10 serotypes that cause human diarrheal diseases in China. A total of 95 Salmonella Agona (67 from humans, and 28 from animals, food of animal origins, and environmental sources) recovered in Shanghai, China from 2005 to 2011 were ...
Labro Marie-Thérèse MT Pôle Expertise Collective Inserm, Hôpital Paul Brousse (Villejuif), 94804 Villejuif, Cedex, - - 2014
Antibacterial resistance is a worldwide threat, and concerns have arisen about the involvement of animal commensal and pathogenic bacteria in the maintenance and spread of resistance genes. However, beyond the facts related to the occurrence of resistant microorganisms in food, food-producing animals and companion animals and their transmission to humans, ...
Willis Caroline C Public Health England Food Water and Environmental Microbiology Laboratory Porton, Porton Down, Salisbury, SP4 - - 2014
To investigate food hygiene practices at large events by assessing the microbiological quality of ready-to-eat food, drinking water, food preparation surfaces, cleaning cloths and wristbands worn by food handlers for event security purposes. Over a seven month period, 1,662 samples were collected at 153 events and examined for microbiological contamination. ...
Hithamani Gavirangappa - - 2014
Cereals (wheat and sorghum) and legumes (green gram and chickpea) commonly consumed in Asia and Africa were evaluated for the polyphenolic content. Bioaccessibility of polyphenols from these grains as influenced by domestic processing was also estimated. Total polyphenol content of wheat and sorghum was 1.20 and 1.12 mg/g respectively, which ...
Velivelli Siva L S SL School of Biological Earth and Environmental Sciences, University College Cork, Butler Building, Distillery Fields, North Mall, Cork, Ireland, - - 2014
Food security (a pressing issue for all nations) faces a threat due to population growth, land availability for growing crops, a changing climate (leading to increases in both abiotic and biotic stresses), heightened consumer awareness of the risks related to the use of agrichemicals, and also the reliance on depleting ...
Xue Caoyi - - 2014
More than 200 students and teachers at a boarding school in Shanghai developed acute gastroenteritis in December, 2012. The transmission mode remained largely unknown. An immediate epidemiological investigation was conducted to identify it. Using a retrospective cohort design, we investigated demographic characteristics, school environment, and previous contacts with people who ...
Chaillou Stéphane S 1] INRA, UMR1319 Micalis, Lactic Acid Bacteria & Meat Microbial Ecosystems Laboratory, Paris, France [2] AgroParisTech, UMR Micalis, Paris, - - 2014
The microbial spoilage of meat and seafood products with short shelf lives is responsible for a significant amount of food waste. Food spoilage is a very heterogeneous process, involving the growth of various, poorly characterized bacterial communities. In this study, we conducted 16S ribosomal RNA gene pyrosequencing on 160 samples ...
Leonhardt Robin-Hagen RH Institut für Lebensmittelchemi, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover, Callinstraße 5, 30167, Hannover, Germany, - - 2014
: The continuing interest in the sesquiterpene ketone (+)-nootkatone is stimulated by its strong grapefruit-like odor and numerous further bioactivities. Also numerous were the attempts to chemosynthesize or biotechnologically produce the compound. Cytochrome P450 enzymes from bacteria and fungi were intensively studied and expressed in Escherichia coli and in more ...
Li Y Y Department of Geology and Geography, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, - - 2014
Childhood obesity has been rising rapidly in the USA. The rate is higher among those at a lower socioeconomic status and racial/ethnic minority groups. In Alabama, nearly half of the children from rural African American families are overweight or obese. Studies suggest that children's eating behaviours and weight could be ...
Surratt Hilary L HL a Center for Applied Research on Substance Use & Health Disparities , Nova Southeastern University , Miami , FL , - - 2014
This study examines the prevalence of food/housing insecurity and its association with psychological, behavioral, and environmental factors impacting antiretroviral (ARV) medication adherence and diversion among substance using HIV+ patients in South Florida. Five hundred and three HIV+ substance abusers were recruited through targeted sampling. Participants completed a standardized instrument assessing ...
Sánchez C C Departament of Microbiology and Ecology, University of Valencia, Av. Dr. Moliner, 50, Burjassot, 46100 Valencia, - - 2014
Carvacrol, a monoterpenic phenol, is said to have extensive antimicrobial activity in a wide range of food spoilage or pathogenic fungi, yeast and bacteria. The aim of this study was to assess its antiviral activity on norovirus surrogates, feline calicivirus (FCV), murine norovirus (MNV), and hepatitis A virus (HAV), as ...
Seyedsayamdost Mohammad R - - 2014
Roseobacticides regulate the symbiotic relationship between a marine bacterium (Phaeobacter inhibens) and a marine microalga (Emiliania huxleyi). This relationship can be mutualistic, when the algal host provides food for the bacteria and the bacteria produce growth hormones and antibiotics for the algae, or parasitic, when the algae senesce and release ...
Klančnik Anja A Department of Food Science and Technology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of - - 2014
Thermotolerant Campylobacter spp. frequently cause bacterial gastroenteritis in humans commonly infected through the consumption of undercooked poultry meat. We examined Campylobacter jejuni heat-stress responses in vitro after exposure to 48°C and 55°C. The in vivo modulation of its pathogenicity was also investigated using BALB/c mice intravenously infected with stressed C. ...
Xu Peng P Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shuangqing RD 18, Beijing 100085, - - 2014
Earthworms represent an important food source for many vertebrates and as a result, predators may encounter toxic effects via the food chain from consumption of contaminated worms. Therefore, including an assessment of xenobiotic to worms in risk assessment procedures is advisable. Here we studied the acute toxicity, bioaccumulation and elimination ...
Velivelli Siva L S SL School of Biological, Earth, and Environmental Sciences, University College Cork, Butler Building, Distillery Fields, North Mall, Cork, - - 2014
Global food security is vulnerable due to massive growth of the human population, changes in global climate, the emergence of novel/more virulent pathogens, and demands from increasingly discerning consumers for chemical-free, sustainably produced food products. Bacterium-based biological control agents (BCAs), if used as part of an integrated management system, may ...
Naila Arooj A Institute of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Quaid-i-Azam Campus University of the Punjab, Lahore 54590, - - 2014
Silver nanoparticles are considered as good antimicrobial agent. AgNPs were synthesized by mixing silver nitrate solution with citrus sinesis extract for 2 h at 37 °C and analyzed by UV-visible spectra, SEM, XRD, and FTIR. AgNPs were tested against B. subtilis, Shigella, S. aureus, and E. coli. Minimum inhibitory concentration ...
Nilsson Caroline C Department of Clinical Science and Education, Södersjukhuset, Centre for Allergy Research, Karolinska Institutet and Sach's Children's Hospital, Södersjukhuset, 118 83 Stockholm, - - 2014
Food allergy is common in children and young adults and may be difficult to diagnose and is at present treated with avoidance of the food in question. The aim of this report is to share our clinical experiences monitoring omalizumab treatment by basophil allergen threshold sensitivity, CD-sens. Five children, 6-16 ...
Sulli Nadia Maria NM DIstituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell'Abruzzo e del Molise 'G. Caporale', Campo Boario, 64100 Teramo, - - 2014
The retrospective study of the results of the analysed samples is a fundamental tool for the identification of major risk related to food and for planning future monitoring activities. The evaluation of the quality of data collected may also allow for estimating the effectiveness of the controls so to improve ...
Li Tianyu T Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Environmental Remediation and Ecological Health, College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, - - 2014
To reduce the proportion of food waste in municipal solid waste, a food waste biodegradation experiment with two biodegradation agents was conducted for seven weeks with 500g of food waste added every day into each disposer. The agent containing four biodegradation bacterial strains showed higher degradation rates and matrix temperatures ...
Nielsen Barbara B School of Food Science, University of Idaho, 875 Perimeter Drive, Moscow, ID, 83844-2312, - - 2014
Kefir is a fermented dairy beverage produced by the actions of the microflora encased in the "kefir grain" on the carbohydrates in the milk. Containing many bacterial species already known for their probiotic properties, it has long been popular in Eastern Europe for its purported health benefits, where it is ...
Yerlikaya Pinar P Akdeniz University, Faculty of Fisheries, Antalya, - - 2014
Microbial transglutaminase (MTGase) is an enzyme utilized in the food industry in many areas. In this study, the suppression effect of MTGase at various levels (0, 2, 5, 10 g kg(-1) ) on the formation of biogenic amines in mackerel was determined during refrigerated storage of 8 days. Mince added with 2 g kg(-1) ...
Bachmann Herwig H NIZO Food Research, Kernhemseweg 2, 6718 ZB Ede, The Netherlands; Top Institute Food and Nutrition, P.O. Box 557, 6700 AN Wageningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Microbial starter cultures are essential for consistent product quality and functional properties such as flavor, texture, pH or the alcohol content of various fermented foods. Strain improvement programs to achieve desired properties in starter cultures are diverse, but developments in next-generation sequencing lead to an increased interest in evolutionary engineering ...
Curtis Dennis D Dept. of Food Science, Univ. of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada, - - 2014
The World Ranking Food Safety Performance reports by Charlebois in 2008 and 2010 importantly stimulated international discussion and encouraged efforts to establish realistic international benchmarks for food safety performance among Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. This paper presents the international incidence of 5 common foodborne pathogens and ...
Burgain J J Université de Lorraine, LIBio, Laboratoire d'Ingénierie des Biomolécules, 2 av de la Forêt de Haye, TSA 40602, 54518 Vandoeuvre lès Nancy, - - 2014
This review gives an overview of the importance of interactions occurring in dairy matrices between Lactic Acid Bacteria and milk components. Dairy products are important sources of biological active compounds of particular relevance to human health. These compounds include immunoglobulins, whey proteins and peptides, polar lipids, and lactic acid bacteria ...
Suraci Justin P JP Department of Biology, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 1700, Station CSC, Victoria, BC, V8W 2Y2, Canada, - - 2014
Medium-sized mammalian predators (i.e. mesopredators) on islands are known to have devastating effects on the abundance and diversity of terrestrial vertebrates. Mesopredators are often highly omnivorous, and on islands, may have access not only to terrestrial prey, but to marine prey as well, though impacts of mammalian mesopredators on marine ...
Mughini-Gras Lapo L National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Centre for Infectious Disease Control (CIb), Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit, Bilthoven, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Source attribution based on microbial subtyping is being performed in many countries to ascertain the main reservoirs of human salmonellosis and to assess the impact of food safety interventions. To account for differences in exposure, the amount of food available for consumption within a country is often included in Salmonella ...
Bang Jihyun J Department of Biotechnology, Korea University, Anam-dong, Sungbuk-ku, Seoul 136-701, Republic of - - 2014
We investigated the efficacy of sequential treatments of aqueous chlorine and chlorine dioxide and drying in killing Escherichia coli O157:H7 in biofilms formed on stainless steel, glass, plastic, and wooden surfaces. Cells attached to and formed a biofilm on wooden surfaces at significantly (P≤0.05) higher levels compared with other surface ...
Pothakos Vasileios V LFMFP, Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Food Preservation, Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Member of Food2Know, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Gent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Between 2010 and 2014 several spoilage cases in Belgium occurring in retail foodstuffs prior to the end of shelf-life have been reported to our laboratory. Overall, seven cases involved strictly psychrotrophic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) contamination in packaged and chilled-stored food products. The products derived either from recalls of entire ...
Wilson Michael L ML 1] Department of Anthropology, University of Minnesota, 395 Humphrey Center, 301 19th Avenue South, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA [2] Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, - - 2014
Observations of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and bonobos (Pan paniscus) provide valuable comparative data for understanding the significance of conspecific killing. Two kinds of hypothesis have been proposed. Lethal violence is sometimes concluded to be the result of adaptive strategies, such that killers ultimately gain fitness benefits by increasing their access ...
Koreňová Janka J a Department of Microbiology, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology , Food Research Institute , Bratislava , - - 2014
Contamination by Staphylococcus aureus of the production environment of three small or medium-sized food-processing factories in Slovakia was investigated on the basis of sub-species molecular identification by multiple locus variable number of tandem repeats analysis (MLVA). On the basis of MLVA profiling, bacterial isolates were assigned to 31 groups. Data ...
To Quyen G QG Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC; - - 2014
Household food insecurity and physical activity are each important public-health concerns in the United States, but the relation between them has not been investigated thoroughly. This study aimed to examine the association between food insecurity and physical activity in the U.S. population. Physical activity measured by accelerometry (PAM) and physical ...
Zinno Paola P Department of Agriculture, University of Naples Federico II, via Università 100, 80055 Portici, Italy; CRA-NUT, Food and Nutrition Research Center, Agricultural Research Council, 00178 Rome, - - 2014
In this study we considered the influence of phage addition on the fate of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in different foods. Phage P22 was applied to the following: liquid eggs, energy drinks, whole and skimmed milk, apple juice, chicken breast and chicken mince all spiked with its host, whose growth ...
Chavatte N N Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the present study, the occurrence of free-living protozoa (FLP) and foodborne bacterial pathogens on dishcloths was investigated. Dishcloths form a potentially important source of cross-contamination with FLP and foodborne pathogens in food-related environments. First various protocols for recovering and quantifying FLP from dishcloths were assessed. The stomacher technique is ...
Casarin Letícia Sopeña LS Departamento de Ciência de Alimentos, Instituto de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul-ICTA/UFRGS, Av. Bento Gonçalves, 9500/43212, 91501-970 Porto Alegre, Brasil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pathogenic microorganisms are able to adhere on equipment surfaces, being possible to contaminate food during processing. Salmonella spp. and Listeria monocytogenes are important pathogens that can be transmitted by food, causing severe foodborne diseases. Most surfaces of food processing industry are made of stainless steel joined by welds. However currently, ...
Segovia Bianca Trevizan BT Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Nupelia, Av. Colombo, 5790-Bloco G90, CEP 87020-900, Maringá, PR, Brazil, - - 2014
Food webs include complex ecological interactions that define the flow of matter and energy, and are fundamental in understanding the functioning of an ecosystem. Temporal variations in the densities of communities belonging to the planktonic food web (i.e., microbial: bacteria, flagellate, and ciliate; and grazing: zooplankton and phytoplankton) were investigated, ...
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