Search Results
Results 1 - 50 of 1723
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >
Fonseca Fernanda F Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique (INRA), UMR 782 Génie et Microbiologie des Procédés Alimentaires (GMPA), Bâtiment CBAI, 1 avenue Lucien Brétignières, F-78850, Thiverval-Grignon, France, - - 2015
Lactic acid bacteria are of great importance for the food and biotechnology industry. They are widely used as starters for manufacturing food (e.g., yogurt, cheese, fermented meats, and vegetables) and probiotic products, as well as for green chemistry applications. Freeze-drying or lyophilization is a convenient method for preservation of bacteria. ...
Sarhan Wessam A WA Novel Diagnostics and Therapeutics Research Group, YJ-Science and Technology Research Centre, School of Sciences and Engineering, The American University in Cairo, AUC Avenue, SSE 1184, P.O. Box 74, New Cairo, 11835, Egypt - - 2015
Bacterial resistance is not only restricted to human infections but is also a major problem in food. With the marked decrease in produced antimicrobials, the world is now reassessing bacteriophages. In 2006, ListShield™ received the US FDA approval for using phage in food. Nevertheless, regulatory approval of phage-based therapeutics is ...
García-Lomillo Javier - - 2014
Wine pomace (WP) is one of the agricultural by-products that has received most attention from food scientists due to the wide range of interesting compounds that remain after the winemaking process. Different powdered products rich in phenolic compounds, with interesting antioxidant and antimicrobial activities were obtained from WP by applying ...
Teramura Hajime H Yokohama Research Center, JNC Corporation, 5-1, Ookawa, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, 236-8605, Japan; Department of Food Bioscience and Biotechnology, College of Bioresource Science, Nihon University, 1866, Kameino, Fujisawa, Kanagawa, 252-0880, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
Sanita-kun(R) Yeasts and Molds (SkYM), a novel dry sheet culture method for rapid enumeration of fungi, has been developed. This re-hydrated plate consists of a unique adhesive sheet, non-woven fabric coated with nutrients, antibiotic, water absorption polymer and uniquely synthesized 2-(2-methoxyphenyl)-3-(4-nitrophenyl)-5-phenyl- tetrazolium chloride for rapid enumeration of yeasts and molds. ...
Wang Wen W Inst. of Quality and Standard for Agro-Products, Zhejiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310021, China; College of Biosystems Engineering and Food Science, Zhejiang Univ, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, 310058, - - 2014
Vibrio parahaeomolyticus, a natural inhabitant in estuarine marine water, has been frequently isolated from seafood. It has been recognized as the leading causative agent for seafoodborne illness all over the world. Numerous physical, chemical, and biological intervention methods for reducing V. parahaeomolyticus in seafood products have been investigated and practiced. ...
Grilli Ester E 1 DIMEVET, Università di Bologna , Ozzano Emilia, Italy - - 2014
Abstract Foodborne pathogenic bacteria can live in the intestinal tract of food animals and can be transmitted to humans via food or indirectly through animal or fecal contact. Organic acid blend products have been used as nonantibiotic modifiers of the gastrointestinal fermentation of food animals to improve growth performance efficiency. ...
Sheng Juzheng J Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology of Natural Products (Ministry of Education), Institute of Biochemical and Biotechnological Drug, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Shandong University, Jinan, 250012, China, - - 2014
Hyaluronic acid (HA), a natural high molecular weight polysaccharide, is produced by Streptococcus zooepidemicus. However, Streptococcus has several drawbacks including its potential to produce exotoxins, so there is demand for an alternative HA source. Here, a recombinant HA biosynthesis operon, as well as the HA biosynthesis operon of S. zooepidemicus ...
Chan D K C DK School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, - - 2014
This study was a preliminarily investigation into the prevention of unintentional doping on the basis of self-determination theory (SDT). Specifically, we examined the relationship between athletes' motives for doping avoidance and their behavior when offered an unfamiliar food product. Participants were young Australian athletes (n = 410) that were offered a free ...
McIntosh W W Texas A&M University - Sociology, College Station, TX, - - 2014
Antimicrobial resistance continues to grow and antimicrobial use in food animal production and to a lesser extent in human patients is under fire. Much of the criticism has to do with the misapplication of these drugs in both settings. Research indicates that patients, food animal producers, physicians and veterinarians have ...
Qi Xiaozhe X College of Food Science and Nutritional Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China, - - 2014
The genetically modified (GM) rice expressing human serum albumin (HSA) is used for non-food purposes; however, its food safety assessment should be conducted due to the probability of accidental mixture with conventional food. In this research, Sprague Dawley rats were fed diets containing 50% (wt/wt) GM rice expressing HSA or ...
Hong Steven Y SY *Division of Geographic Medicine and Infectious Diseases, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA; †Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA; ‡Directorate of Special Programmes, Republic of Namibia Ministry of Health and Social Services, Windhoek, Namibia; §Institute for Clinical Research and Health Policy Studies, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA; and ‖Tufts Clinical and Translational Science Institute, Tufts University, Boston, - - 2014
Food insecurity is emerging as an important barrier to antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence. The objective of this study was to determine if food insecurity is associated with poor ART adherence among HIV-positive adults in a resource-limited setting that uses the public health model of delivery. A cross-sectional study using a ...
Zhang Yuzhu - - 2014
Biochemical characterizations of food allergens are required for understanding the allergenicity of food allergens. Such studies require a relatively large amount of highly purified allergens. The level of Pru du 4 in almond is low and its expression in a soluble form in Escherichia coli required an expression tag. An ...
Felin E E Department of Food Hygiene and Environmental Health, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, - - 2014
The seroprevalence of Salmonella spp., pathogenic Yersinia spp., Toxoplasma gondii and Trichinella spp. was studied in 1353 finishing pigs from 259 farms that were allocated according to farm types: large fattening farms (≥1000 pig places), small fattening farms (< 1000 pig places) and farrow-to-finish farms. The antibodies were analysed with commercial ...
Monu Emefa A EA Department of Food Science and Technology, 2600 River Drive, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996-4591, - - 2014
Antimicrobial preservative compounds are added to foods to target specific pathogens and spoilage organisms. White mustard essential oil (WMEO) is an extract that contains 4-hydroxybenzyl isothiocyanate, a compound which has been demonstrated to have antimicrobial activity in limited studies. The objective of this research was to determine the in vitro ...
Chaitiemwong N N Laboratory of Food Microbiology, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 17, 6700 AA, Wageningen, The - - 2014
To simulate food contact surfaces with pits or cracks, stainless steel plates with grooves (depths between 0.2 and 5 mm) were constructed. These plates were artificially contaminated with Listeria monocytogenes in clean conditions, with organic soiling, or after 14 days of biofilm formation after which inactivation of the pathogen by ...
Bali Vandana V Biotechnology Research Laboratory, Department of Food Engineering and Technology, Sant Longowal Institute of Engineering and Technology , Longowal, Punjab , - - 2014
Abstract Bacteriocins are proteinaceous, ribosomally synthesized bio-molecules having major roles in food preservation due to their antimicrobial action against food spoilage microorganisms. These have gained importance in the last decades because of increasing interest in natural products and their applications in the field of biopreservation, pharmaceutical, aquaculture, livestock, etc. Their ...
Laufer A S AS Epidemic Intelligence Service,Division of Scientific Education and Professional - - 2014
SUMMARY Non-typhoidal Salmonella is estimated to be the most common bacterial cause of foodborne illness in the United States, causing an estimated one million domestically acquired foodborne illnesses annually. Recent, large outbreaks have highlighted the importance of ground beef as an important source of multidrug-resistant Salmonella. We analysed the epidemiology ...
Macinga David R - - 2014
Alcohol-based surgical scrubs (ABSSs) are used to prevent surgical site infections. Chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) often is added to enhance persistent germicidal activity. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of ABSS product formulation on efficacy. We evaluated three commercially available ABSS formulations and one control alcohol formulation ...
Ebner Stephan S Stephan Ebner, Wolfgang Kneifel, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna, 1190 Vienna, - - 2014
Fermented foods have been consumed for centuries across many geographical locales and have traditionally been considered healthy foods, partly because of the live microbes contained in them. The concept of "probiotics" further requires that the microbes be defined and their health effects be demonstrated through human intervention studies or other ...
Naja Farah F Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Riad El-Solh, P.O. Box 11-0236, Beirut, 1107 2020, Lebanon, - - 2014
To propose an index for assessing adherence to a Middle Eastern version of the Mediterranean diet as represented by the Traditional Lebanese Mediterranean diet (LMD), to evaluate the association between the LMD and selected European Mediterranean diets (EMD), and to examine socio-demographic and lifestyle correlates of adherence to Mediterranean diet ...
Zaczek Maciej M Laboratory of Bacteriophages, Ludwik Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Polish Academy of Sciences, Rudolfa Weigla 12, 53-114, Wrocław, - - 2014
From recent papers we have learned that phages can constitute a promising alternative in the food industry to eliminate bacterial pathogens from seedlings in greenhouse and field environments, as well as from fresh-cut food products. The fruit and vegetable industry requires quite a different approach than the meat or dairy ...
Gupta V V Medical Microbiology and Bioprocess Technology Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak, Haryana, - - 2014
Yersinia enterocolitica is a gastrointestinal pathogen which causes yersiniosis, an illness characterized by diarrhea, ileitis, and mesenteric lymphadenitis. Y. enterocolitica is transmitted via the feco-oral route by the consumption of contaminated food or water. Several phenotypic and genotypic methods have been developed to reliably detect Y. enterocolitica in food. However, ...
de Melo Cristiano Barros CB Universidade de Brasília (UnB/FAV/DINO), Campus Darcy Ribeiro, ICC Sul, Asa Norte, Brasília, DF 70910-900, Brazil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Airline travel favours the transmission of diseases, given the short time it takes to travel long distances. In this study, animal products without health certificates seized in international air passengers' baggage at Guarulhos (GRU) and Galeão (GIG) airports in Brazil underwent a microbiological evaluation. Analyses (1610) were carried out on ...
Walsh Kelly A KA 1 Division of Foodborne, Waterborne, and Environmental Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Atlanta, Georgia - - 2014
Abstract Fresh fruits and vegetables are an important part of a healthy diet. Melons have been associated with enteric infections. We reviewed outbreaks reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Foodborne Disease Outbreak Surveillance System during 1973-2011 in which the implicated food was a single melon type. We ...
Elhadidy Mohamed M Mansoura University; - - 2014
The aim of this study was to identify an epidemiological association between Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli O157:H7 strains associated with human infection and with food sources. Frequency distributions of different genetic markers of E. coli O157:H7 strains recovered from human and food sources were compared using molecular assays to identify ...
Ben-Yosef M M Department of Entomology, The Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Rehovot, - - 2014
Insects are often associated with symbiotic micro-organisms, which allow them to utilize nutritionally marginal diets. Adult fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) associate with extracellular bacteria (Enterobacteriaceae) that inhabit their digestive tract. These flies obtain nutrients by foraging for plant exudates, honeydew and bird droppings scattered on leaves and fruit - a ...
de Sá Luís Carlos LC ICBAS - Institute of Biomedical Sciences of Abel Salazar, University of Porto, Department of Population Studies, Laboratory of Ecotoxicology, Rua de Jorge Viterbo Ferreira, 228, 4050-313 Porto, Portugal; CIIMAR/CIMAR-LA - Interdisciplinary Centre of Marine and Environmental Research, University of Porto, Research Group on Ecotoxicology, Stress Ecology and Environmental Health, Rua dos Bragas, 209, 4050-123 Porto, Portugal. Electronic address: - - 2014
Microplastics (MP) are ubiquitous contaminants able to cause adverse effects on organisms. Three hypotheses were tested here: early Pomatoschistus microps juveniles can ingest MP; the presence of MP may reduce fish predatory performance and efficiency; developmental conditions may influence the prey selection capability of fish. Predatory bioassays were carried out ...
Williams Natalie A NA Department of Child, Youth and Family Studies, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 131 Home Economics Building, Lincoln, NE, 68588-0236, USA, - - 2014
This study examined interpersonal relationship processes as they relate to health-related quality of life (HRQL) in caregivers of food-allergic children. Research questions explored the relative contributions of social support and social negativity to caregivers' adaptation as well as mechanisms of moderation, mediation, and moderated mediation through which these influences affect ...
Willke Thomas T Thünen-Institute of Agricultural Technology, Bundesallee 50, 38116, Braunschweig, Germany, - - 2014
This paper presents an updated critical review about several attempts to contribute methionine (Met) to the world market with an emphasis on fermentation processes, especially from natural biological sources. Analytical methods for the determination of methionine are reviewed as well as applications in feed, food, pharmacy, and medicine. Fermentation studies ...
Levy Donna J DJ Chapman University, Schmid College of Science and Technology, Food Science and Nutrition, One University Drive, Orange, CA, - - 2014
Farmers' markets have been growing in popularity in the United States, but the microbial quality and safety of the food sold at these markets is currently unknown. The purpose of this study was to assess the microbial safety and quality of fresh basil, parsley, and cilantro sold at farmers' markets ...
Faithfull C L CL Department of Ecology and Environmental Science, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden, - - 2014
This study demonstrates that clear and humic freshwater pelagic communities respond differently to the same environmental stressors, i.e. nutrient and light availability. Thus, effects on humic communities cannot be generalized from existing knowledge about these environmental stressors on clear water communities. Small humic lakes are the most numerous type of ...
Al-Shawaf Laith L The University of Texas, Austin, TX, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Food neophobia and disgust are commonly thought to be linked, but this hypothesis is typically implicitly assumed rather than directly tested. Evidence for the connection has been based on conceptually and empirically unsound measures of disgust, unpublished research, and indirect findings. This study (N = 283) provides the first direct evidence of ...
Simmons Courtenay C Department of Food Science, Cornell University, 410 Stocking Hall, Ithaca, New York 14850, - - 2014
Postprocessing contamination in processing plants has historically been a significant source of Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat delicatessen meats, and therefore a major cause of human listeriosis cases and outbreaks. Recent risk assessments suggest that a majority of human listeriosis cases linked to consumption of contaminated deli meats may be due ...
Paine Shevaun S 1 Institute of Environmental Science and Research Ltd. , Wellington, New Zealand - - 2014
Abstract A widespread salmonellosis outbreak linked to consumption of hummus made from contaminated tahini imported from Turkey occurred in New Zealand in November 2012. This article summarizes the outbreak detection, investigation, and control. The New Zealand Enteric Reference Laboratory alerted public health units regarding a cluster of 11 persons with ...
Kuang Dai D 1 College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University , Guangzhou, China - - 2014
Abstract Salmonella enterica serotype Agona (Salmonella Agona) has been among the top 10 serotypes that cause human diarrheal diseases in China. A total of 95 Salmonella Agona (67 from humans, and 28 from animals, food of animal origins, and environmental sources) recovered in Shanghai, China from 2005 to 2011 were ...
Organ Jennifer J School for Resource and Environmental Studies, Dalhousie University, Kenneth C. Rowe Management Bldg, 6100 University Avenue, Suite 5010, PO Box 15000, Halifax, NS, Canada B3H 4R2. Electronic address: - - 2014
Rapid socio-cultural, economic, and environmental changes are challenging wild food access and thus food security for Inuit in the Canadian Arctic. In response to the continued value and practice of harvesting wild foods, communities are establishing "wild food support" initiatives. This study evaluated how one such initiative, a community freezer, ...
Labro Marie-Thérèse MT Pôle Expertise Collective Inserm, Hôpital Paul Brousse (Villejuif), 94804 Villejuif, Cedex, - - 2014
Antibacterial resistance is a worldwide threat, and concerns have arisen about the involvement of animal commensal and pathogenic bacteria in the maintenance and spread of resistance genes. However, beyond the facts related to the occurrence of resistant microorganisms in food, food-producing animals and companion animals and their transmission to humans, ...
Pagno Carlos H CH Laboratório de Compostos Bioativos, Instituto de Ciência e Tecnologia dos Alimentos (ICTA), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Porto Alegre, RS, - - 2015
Active biofilms of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa, W.) starch were prepared by incorporating gold nanoparticles stabilised by an ionic silsesquioxane that contains the 1,4-diazoniabicyclo[2.2.2]octane chloride group. The biofilms were characterised and their antimicrobial activity was evaluated against Escherichiacoli and Staphylococcusaureus. The presence of gold nanoparticles produces an improvement in the mechanical, ...
Koeberl Martina M Molecular Immunology Group, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia; Centre for Biodiscovery and Molecular Discovery of Therapeutics, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia; Comparative Genomic Centre, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia; Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, - - 2014
Food allergies are increasing worldwide, demonstrating a considerable public health concern. Shellfish allergy is one of the major food groups causing allergic sensitization among adults and children, affecting up to 2% of the general world population. Tropomyosin (TM) is the major allergen in shellfish and frequently used in the diagnosis ...
Willis Caroline C Public Health England Food Water and Environmental Microbiology Laboratory Porton, Porton Down, Salisbury, SP4 - - 2014
To investigate food hygiene practices at large events by assessing the microbiological quality of ready-to-eat food, drinking water, food preparation surfaces, cleaning cloths and wristbands worn by food handlers for event security purposes. Over a seven month period, 1,662 samples were collected at 153 events and examined for microbiological contamination. ...
Beutlich Janine J Department of Biological Safety, Federal Institute for Risk Assessment, Max-Dohrn-Str. 8-10, 10589 Berlin, - - 2014
Foods of animal origin brought illegally from third party countries into the European Community pose a risk for the introduction of diseases. This can lead to animal disease outbreaks with significant economic and social costs and subsequent severe trade restrictions. Further, disease outbreaks in humans due to illegally imported foods ...
Hithamani Gavirangappa - - 2014
Cereals (wheat and sorghum) and legumes (green gram and chickpea) commonly consumed in Asia and Africa were evaluated for the polyphenolic content. Bioaccessibility of polyphenols from these grains as influenced by domestic processing was also estimated. Total polyphenol content of wheat and sorghum was 1.20 and 1.12 mg/g respectively, which ...
Velivelli Siva L S SL School of Biological Earth and Environmental Sciences, University College Cork, Butler Building, Distillery Fields, North Mall, Cork, Ireland, - - 2014
Food security (a pressing issue for all nations) faces a threat due to population growth, land availability for growing crops, a changing climate (leading to increases in both abiotic and biotic stresses), heightened consumer awareness of the risks related to the use of agrichemicals, and also the reliance on depleting ...
Xue Caoyi - - 2014
More than 200 students and teachers at a boarding school in Shanghai developed acute gastroenteritis in December, 2012. The transmission mode remained largely unknown. An immediate epidemiological investigation was conducted to identify it. Using a retrospective cohort design, we investigated demographic characteristics, school environment, and previous contacts with people who ...
Feehley Taylor T Committee on Immunology, Department of Pathology, The University of Chicago, 924 E. 57th St. JFK R120, Chicago, IL 60637, - - 2014
Food allergies are a growing public health concern. The rapidly increasing prevalence of allergic disease cannot be explained by genetic variation alone, suggesting a role for gene-by-environment interactions. The bacteria that colonize barrier surfaces, often referred to as the commensal microbiota, are dramatically affected by environmental factors and have a ...
Stellato Giuseppina G Division of Microbiology, Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Portici, - - 2014
Microbial contamination in foodservice environments plays a fundamental role in food quality and safety. In such environments the composition of the microbiota is influenced by the characteristics of the specific surfaces and by food handling and processing and a resident microbiota may be present in each site. In this study, ...
Chaillou Stéphane S 1] INRA, UMR1319 Micalis, Lactic Acid Bacteria & Meat Microbial Ecosystems Laboratory, Paris, France [2] AgroParisTech, UMR Micalis, Paris, - - 2014
The microbial spoilage of meat and seafood products with short shelf lives is responsible for a significant amount of food waste. Food spoilage is a very heterogeneous process, involving the growth of various, poorly characterized bacterial communities. In this study, we conducted 16S ribosomal RNA gene pyrosequencing on 160 samples ...
Leonhardt Robin-Hagen RH Institut für Lebensmittelchemi, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover, Callinstraße 5, 30167, Hannover, Germany, - - 2014
: The continuing interest in the sesquiterpene ketone (+)-nootkatone is stimulated by its strong grapefruit-like odor and numerous further bioactivities. Also numerous were the attempts to chemosynthesize or biotechnologically produce the compound. Cytochrome P450 enzymes from bacteria and fungi were intensively studied and expressed in Escherichia coli and in more ...
Toy Nurten N Vocational School of Feke, Cukurova University, 01660 Feke, Adana, - - 2015
The function of cell-free solutions (CFSs) of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) on tyramine and other biogenic amine production by different food borne-pathogens (FBPs) was investigated in tyrosine decarboxylase broth (TDB) using HPLC. Cell free solutions were prepared from four LAB strains. Two different concentrations which were 50% (5ml CFS+5ml medium/1:1) ...
Li Y Y Department of Geology and Geography, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, - - 2014
Childhood obesity has been rising rapidly in the USA. The rate is higher among those at a lower socioeconomic status and racial/ethnic minority groups. In Alabama, nearly half of the children from rural African American families are overweight or obese. Studies suggest that children's eating behaviours and weight could be ...
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 >