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Xue Caoyi - - 2014
More than 200 students and teachers at a boarding school in Shanghai developed acute gastroenteritis in December, 2012. The transmission mode remained largely unknown. An immediate epidemiological investigation was conducted to identify it. Using a retrospective cohort design, we investigated demographic characteristics, school environment, and previous contacts with people who ...
Leonhardt Robin-Hagen RH Institut für Lebensmittelchemi, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover, Callinstraße 5, 30167, Hannover, Germany, - - 2014
: The continuing interest in the sesquiterpene ketone (+)-nootkatone is stimulated by its strong grapefruit-like odor and numerous further bioactivities. Also numerous were the attempts to chemosynthesize or biotechnologically produce the compound. Cytochrome P450 enzymes from bacteria and fungi were intensively studied and expressed in Escherichia coli and in more ...
Li Y Y Department of Geology and Geography, Auburn University, Auburn, AL, - - 2014
Childhood obesity has been rising rapidly in the USA. The rate is higher among those at a lower socioeconomic status and racial/ethnic minority groups. In Alabama, nearly half of the children from rural African American families are overweight or obese. Studies suggest that children's eating behaviours and weight could be ...
Surratt Hilary L HL a Center for Applied Research on Substance Use & Health Disparities , Nova Southeastern University , Miami , FL , - - 2014
This study examines the prevalence of food/housing insecurity and its association with psychological, behavioral, and environmental factors impacting antiretroviral (ARV) medication adherence and diversion among substance using HIV+ patients in South Florida. Five hundred and three HIV+ substance abusers were recruited through targeted sampling. Participants completed a standardized instrument assessing ...
Sánchez C C Departament of Microbiology and Ecology, University of Valencia, Av. Dr. Moliner, 50, Burjassot, 46100 Valencia, - - 2014
Carvacrol, a monoterpenic phenol, is said to have extensive antimicrobial activity in a wide range of food spoilage or pathogenic fungi, yeast and bacteria. The aim of this study was to assess its antiviral activity on norovirus surrogates, feline calicivirus (FCV), murine norovirus (MNV), and hepatitis A virus (HAV), as ...
Seyedsayamdost Mohammad R - - 2014
Roseobacticides regulate the symbiotic relationship between a marine bacterium (Phaeobacter inhibens) and a marine microalga (Emiliania huxleyi). This relationship can be mutualistic, when the algal host provides food for the bacteria and the bacteria produce growth hormones and antibiotics for the algae, or parasitic, when the algae senesce and release ...
Klančnik Anja A Department of Food Science and Technology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of - - 2014
Thermotolerant Campylobacter spp. frequently cause bacterial gastroenteritis in humans commonly infected through the consumption of undercooked poultry meat. We examined Campylobacter jejuni heat-stress responses in vitro after exposure to 48°C and 55°C. The in vivo modulation of its pathogenicity was also investigated using BALB/c mice intravenously infected with stressed C. ...
Xu Peng P Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shuangqing RD 18, Beijing 100085, - - 2014
Earthworms represent an important food source for many vertebrates and as a result, predators may encounter toxic effects via the food chain from consumption of contaminated worms. Therefore, including an assessment of xenobiotic to worms in risk assessment procedures is advisable. Here we studied the acute toxicity, bioaccumulation and elimination ...
Velivelli Siva L S SL School of Biological, Earth, and Environmental Sciences, University College Cork, Butler Building, Distillery Fields, North Mall, Cork, - - 2014
Global food security is vulnerable due to massive growth of the human population, changes in global climate, the emergence of novel/more virulent pathogens, and demands from increasingly discerning consumers for chemical-free, sustainably produced food products. Bacterium-based biological control agents (BCAs), if used as part of an integrated management system, may ...
Denholm Bonnie B AORN Nursing - - 2014
Standing orders for narcotics Key words: standing medication orders, preference cards, narcotics. Reprocessing instruments when there is a question of sterility Key words: decontamination, reprocessing, instrument trays, event-related sterility. Inaccurate sponge counts in custom packs Key words: counts, soft goods, sponges, custom packs. Chewing gum in the OR Key words: ...
Sulli Nadia Maria NM DIstituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell'Abruzzo e del Molise 'G. Caporale', Campo Boario, 64100 Teramo, - - 2014
The retrospective study of the results of the analysed samples is a fundamental tool for the identification of major risk related to food and for planning future monitoring activities. The evaluation of the quality of data collected may also allow for estimating the effectiveness of the controls so to improve ...
Li Tianyu T Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Environmental Remediation and Ecological Health, College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, - - 2014
To reduce the proportion of food waste in municipal solid waste, a food waste biodegradation experiment with two biodegradation agents was conducted for seven weeks with 500g of food waste added every day into each disposer. The agent containing four biodegradation bacterial strains showed higher degradation rates and matrix temperatures ...
Nielsen Barbara B School of Food Science, University of Idaho, 875 Perimeter Drive, Moscow, ID, 83844-2312, - - 2014
Kefir is a fermented dairy beverage produced by the actions of the microflora encased in the "kefir grain" on the carbohydrates in the milk. Containing many bacterial species already known for their probiotic properties, it has long been popular in Eastern Europe for its purported health benefits, where it is ...
Yerlikaya Pinar P Akdeniz University, Faculty of Fisheries, Antalya, - - 2014
Microbial transglutaminase (MTGase) is an enzyme utilized in the food industry in many areas. In this study, the suppression effect of MTGase at various levels (0, 2, 5, 10 g kg(-1) ) on the formation of biogenic amines in mackerel was determined during refrigerated storage of 8 days. Mince added with 2 g kg(-1) ...
Bachmann Herwig H NIZO Food Research, Kernhemseweg 2, 6718 ZB Ede, The Netherlands; Top Institute Food and Nutrition, P.O. Box 557, 6700 AN Wageningen, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Microbial starter cultures are essential for consistent product quality and functional properties such as flavor, texture, pH or the alcohol content of various fermented foods. Strain improvement programs to achieve desired properties in starter cultures are diverse, but developments in next-generation sequencing lead to an increased interest in evolutionary engineering ...
Curtis Dennis D Dept. of Food Science, Univ. of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada, - - 2014
The World Ranking Food Safety Performance reports by Charlebois in 2008 and 2010 importantly stimulated international discussion and encouraged efforts to establish realistic international benchmarks for food safety performance among Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. This paper presents the international incidence of 5 common foodborne pathogens and ...
Burgain J J Université de Lorraine, LIBio, Laboratoire d'Ingénierie des Biomolécules, 2 av de la Forêt de Haye, TSA 40602, 54518 Vandoeuvre lès Nancy, - - 2014
This review gives an overview of the importance of interactions occurring in dairy matrices between Lactic Acid Bacteria and milk components. Dairy products are important sources of biological active compounds of particular relevance to human health. These compounds include immunoglobulins, whey proteins and peptides, polar lipids, and lactic acid bacteria ...
Suraci Justin P JP Department of Biology, University of Victoria, P.O. Box 1700, Station CSC, Victoria, BC, V8W 2Y2, Canada, - - 2014
Medium-sized mammalian predators (i.e. mesopredators) on islands are known to have devastating effects on the abundance and diversity of terrestrial vertebrates. Mesopredators are often highly omnivorous, and on islands, may have access not only to terrestrial prey, but to marine prey as well, though impacts of mammalian mesopredators on marine ...
Mughini-Gras Lapo L National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Centre for Infectious Disease Control (CIb), Epidemiology and Surveillance Unit, Bilthoven, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Source attribution based on microbial subtyping is being performed in many countries to ascertain the main reservoirs of human salmonellosis and to assess the impact of food safety interventions. To account for differences in exposure, the amount of food available for consumption within a country is often included in Salmonella ...
Bang Jihyun J Department of Biotechnology, Korea University, Anam-dong, Sungbuk-ku, Seoul 136-701, Republic of - - 2014
We investigated the efficacy of sequential treatments of aqueous chlorine and chlorine dioxide and drying in killing Escherichia coli O157:H7 in biofilms formed on stainless steel, glass, plastic, and wooden surfaces. Cells attached to and formed a biofilm on wooden surfaces at significantly (P≤0.05) higher levels compared with other surface ...
Pothakos Vasileios V LFMFP, Laboratory of Food Microbiology and Food Preservation, Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Member of Food2Know, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Gent, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
Between 2010 and 2014 several spoilage cases in Belgium occurring in retail foodstuffs prior to the end of shelf-life have been reported to our laboratory. Overall, seven cases involved strictly psychrotrophic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) contamination in packaged and chilled-stored food products. The products derived either from recalls of entire ...
Wilson Michael L ML 1] Department of Anthropology, University of Minnesota, 395 Humphrey Center, 301 19th Avenue South, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA [2] Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, 1987 Upper Buford Circle, St Paul, Minnesota 55108, - - 2014
Observations of chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) and bonobos (Pan paniscus) provide valuable comparative data for understanding the significance of conspecific killing. Two kinds of hypothesis have been proposed. Lethal violence is sometimes concluded to be the result of adaptive strategies, such that killers ultimately gain fitness benefits by increasing their access ...
Koreňová Janka J a Department of Microbiology, Molecular Biology and Biotechnology , Food Research Institute , Bratislava , - - 2014
Contamination by Staphylococcus aureus of the production environment of three small or medium-sized food-processing factories in Slovakia was investigated on the basis of sub-species molecular identification by multiple locus variable number of tandem repeats analysis (MLVA). On the basis of MLVA profiling, bacterial isolates were assigned to 31 groups. Data ...
To Quyen G QG Department of Health Promotion, Education, and Behavior, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC; - - 2014
Household food insecurity and physical activity are each important public-health concerns in the United States, but the relation between them has not been investigated thoroughly. This study aimed to examine the association between food insecurity and physical activity in the U.S. population. Physical activity measured by accelerometry (PAM) and physical ...
Zinno Paola P Department of Agriculture, University of Naples Federico II, via Università 100, 80055 Portici, Italy; CRA-NUT, Food and Nutrition Research Center, Agricultural Research Council, 00178 Rome, - - 2014
In this study we considered the influence of phage addition on the fate of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in different foods. Phage P22 was applied to the following: liquid eggs, energy drinks, whole and skimmed milk, apple juice, chicken breast and chicken mince all spiked with its host, whose growth ...
Chavatte N N Department of Veterinary Public Health and Food Safety, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
In the present study, the occurrence of free-living protozoa (FLP) and foodborne bacterial pathogens on dishcloths was investigated. Dishcloths form a potentially important source of cross-contamination with FLP and foodborne pathogens in food-related environments. First various protocols for recovering and quantifying FLP from dishcloths were assessed. The stomacher technique is ...
Casarin Letícia Sopeña LS Departamento de Ciência de Alimentos, Instituto de Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul-ICTA/UFRGS, Av. Bento Gonçalves, 9500/43212, 91501-970 Porto Alegre, Brasil. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pathogenic microorganisms are able to adhere on equipment surfaces, being possible to contaminate food during processing. Salmonella spp. and Listeria monocytogenes are important pathogens that can be transmitted by food, causing severe foodborne diseases. Most surfaces of food processing industry are made of stainless steel joined by welds. However currently, ...
Segovia Bianca Trevizan BT Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Nupelia, Av. Colombo, 5790-Bloco G90, CEP 87020-900, Maringá, PR, Brazil, - - 2014
Food webs include complex ecological interactions that define the flow of matter and energy, and are fundamental in understanding the functioning of an ecosystem. Temporal variations in the densities of communities belonging to the planktonic food web (i.e., microbial: bacteria, flagellate, and ciliate; and grazing: zooplankton and phytoplankton) were investigated, ...
Kalichman Seth C SC University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA - - 2014
Food insecurity is a known barrier to medication adherence among people living with HIV. Antiretroviral therapies (ART) that require food likely pose added challenges to patients who do not have reliable access to food. This study examines the health implications of prescribing ART that requires food to patients who are ...
Nouaille Sébastien S Université de Toulouse; INSA, UPS, INP, LISBP, Toulouse, France INRA, UMR792, Toulouse, France CNRS, UMR5504, Toulouse, - - 2014
Staphylococcus aureus is a major cause of food poisoning outbreaks associated with dairy products, because of the ingestion of preformed enterotoxins. The biocontrol of S. aureus using lactic acid bacteria offers a promising opportunity to fight this pathogen while respecting the product ecosystem. We had previously established the ability of ...
Brown Helen L HL Institute of Food Research, Norwich Research Park, Colney Lane, Norwich, NR4 7UA, United - - 2014
The bacterial pathogen Campylobacter jejuni is primarily transmitted via the consumption of contaminated food-stuffs, especially poultry meat. In food processing environments, C. jejuni is required to survive a multitude of stresses and requires the use of specific survival mechanisms, such as biofilms. An initial step in biofilm formation is bacterial ...
Gresshoff Peter M PM Centre for Integrative Legume Research (CILR), and School of Agriculture and Food Sciences, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane 4072, QLD, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Much of modern agriculture is based on immense populations of genetically identical or near-identical varieties, called cultivars. However, advancement of knowledge, and thus experimental utility, is found through biodiversity, whether naturally-found or induced by the experimenter. Globally we are confronted by ever-growing food and energy challenges. Here we demonstrate how ...
Santillana Farakos Sofia M SM Department of Food Science and Technology, The University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia 30602-2610, USA; Office of Foods and Veterinary Medicine, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, MD, - - 2014
Factors such as temperature, water activity (aw), substrate, culture media, serotype, and strain influence the survival of Salmonella in low-aw foods. Predictive models for Salmonella survival in low-aw foods at temperatures ranging from 21 to 80(u) C and water activities below 0.6 were previously developed. Literature data on survival of ...
Ribeiro V B VB Department of Food and Experimental Nutrition, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05508000, Brazil. - - 2014
Control of Listeria monocytogenes in food processing facilities is a difficult issue because of the ability of this microorganism to form biofilms and adapt to adverse environmental conditions. Survival at high concentrations of sodium chloride and growth at refrigeration temperatures are two other important characteristics of L. monocytogenes isolates. The ...
Gaulin Colette C Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, 1075 chemin Ste-Foy, Québec, Province de Québec, Canada G1S 2M1. - - 2014
This article presents a retrospective analysis of enteric disease outbreak investigations led by or conducted in collaboration with provincial health authorities in the Province of Quebec from 2002 through 2012. Objectives were to characterize enteric disease outbreaks, quantify and describe those for which a source was identified (including the control ...
Holman Emily J - - 2014
Between January and April 2012, the city of Long Beach Department of Health and Human Services investigated an outbreak involving 19 case patients who had tested positive for Salmonella enterica serotype Typhimurium with indistinguishable pulsed-field gel electrophoresis patterns. All cases were residents of or traveled to the city of Long ...
Irie Kanami K Azbil Corporation, Kawana, Fujisawa-shi, Kanagawa, Japan; and - - 2014
A number of rapid microbiological methods capable of aerosol-based microbial detection are quickly emerging for use in the pharmaceutical and food markets. A subset of these technologies utilizes intrinsic microbial fluorescence as the basis for bioaerosol detection. This fundamental method of detection is relatively new to the pharmaceutical and food ...
Franz Charles M A P CM Max Rubner-Institute, Federal Research Institute of Nutrition and Food, Department of Safety and Quality of Fruit and Vegetables, Haid-und-Neu-Str.9, D-76131 Karlsruhe, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Africa has an age old history of production of traditional fermented foods and is perhaps the continent with the richest variety of lactic acid fermented foods. These foods have a large impact on the nutrition, health and socio-economy of the people of the continent, often plagued by war, drought, famine ...
Gölz Greta G Institute of Food Hygiene, Freie Universität Berlin, Berlin, - - 2014
Campylobacter species belong to the most important foodborne bacteria which cause gastroenteritis in humans in both developed and developing countries. With increasing reporting rates, the public awareness towards Campylobacter infections is growing continuously. This strengthens the necessity to establish intervention measures for prevention and control of thermophilic Campylobacter spp. along ...
Gröhn Yrjö T YT Section of Epidemiology, Department of Population Medicine and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, S3-108 Schurman Hall, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this article is to discuss how the systems science approach can be used to optimize intervention strategies in food animal systems. It advocates the idea that the challenges of maintaining a safe food supply are best addressed by integrating modeling and mathematics with biological studies critical to ...
Douillard François P - - 2014
Genome analysis using next generation sequencing technologies has revolutionized the characterization of lactic acid bacteria and complete genomes of all major groups are now available. Comparative genomics has provided new insights into the natural and laboratory evolution of lactic acid bacteria and their environmental interactions. Moreover, functional genomics approaches have ...
Derkx Patrick Mf - - 2014
The food industry is constantly striving to develop new products to fulfil the ever changing demands of consumers and the strict requirements of regulatory agencies. For foods based on microbial fermentation, this pushes the boundaries of microbial performance and requires the constant development of new starter cultures with novel properties. ...
Singh Jyoti J Department of Biotechnology, Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology, Allahabad 211004, U.P., - - 2015
Lateral flow immunoassays (LFIAs) are advantageous over conventional detection methods in terms of their simplicity and rapidity. These assays have been reported using various types of labels but colloidal gold nanoparticles are still the preferred choice as a label because of their easy synthesis, visual detection and stability. Bacterial contamination ...
Cho Il-Hoon IH Bindley Bioscience and Birck Nanotechnology Center, Department of Agricultural & Biological Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA; Department of Biomedical Laboratory Science, College of Health Science, Eulji University, Seongnam 461-713, Republic of - - 2014
Consumption of food contaminated with Escherichia coli O157:H7 is one of the major concerns in ensuring food safety. Techniques that are simple and suitable for fast screening to detect and identify pathogens in the food chain is vital to ensure food safety. In this work, we propose a simple and ...
Sun Zheng Z College of Fisheries and Life Science, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai, 201306, People's Republic of - - 2014
Mixed food waste, which was directly collected from restaurants without pretreatments, was used as a valuable feedstock in succinic acid (SA) fermentation in the present study. Commercial enzymes and crude enzymes produced from Aspergillus awamori and Aspergillus oryzae were separately used in hydrolysis of food waste, and their resultant hydrolysates ...
Boonyasiri Adhiratha - - 2014
Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria, especially extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing Escherichia coli, in samples from healthy adults, foods, food animals, and the environment in selected areas of Thailand. Methods: Samples were collected from stool specimens from adult food factory and food ...
Henriet Olivier O Laboratory of Food and Environmental Microbiology, Université catholique de Louvain, B-1348 Louvain-la-Neuve, - - 2014
Salting is one of the oldest means of food preservation: adding salt decreases water activity and inhibits microbial development. However, salt is also a source of living bacteria and archaea. The occurrence and diversity of viable archaea in this extreme environment were assessed in 26 food-grade salts from worldwide origin ...
Kim Giyoung G National Academy of Agricultural Science, Department of Agricultural Engineering, RDA, 150 Suin-Ro, Kweonseonku, Suwon 441-100, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
Rapid detection of pathogenic Salmonella in food products is extremely important for protecting the public from salmonellosis. The objective of the present study was to explore the feasibility of using a microfluidic nano-biosensor to rapidly detect pathogenic Salmonella. Quantum dot nanoparticles were used to detect Salmonella cells. For selective detection ...
Lim Jun Wei JW Residues and Resource Reclamation Centre, Nanyang Environment and Water Research Institute, Nanyang Technological University, 1 Cleantech Loop, CleanTech One, #06-08, Singapore 637141, Singapore; Division of Environmental and Water Resources, School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798, Singapore. Electronic address: - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of microaeration on the fermentation process during anaerobic co-digestion of brown water (BW) and food waste (FW). This was achieved by daily monitoring of reactor performance and the determination of its bacterial consortium towards the end of the study. Molecular ...
Wagner Heather Scherschel - - 2014
Objective: People seek out their own idiosyncratic comfort foods when in negative moods, and they believe that these foods rapidly improve their mood. The purpose of these studies is to investigate whether comfort foods actually provide psychological benefits, and if so, whether they improve mood better than comparison foods or ...
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