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Mölzer Christine C Department of Nutritional Sciences, Emerging Field Oxidative Stress and DNA Stability, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Vienna , Althanstraße 14, 1090 Vienna, - - 2013
Bilirubin exhibits antioxidant and antimutagenic effects in vitro. Additional tetrapyrroles that are naturally abundant were tested for antigenotoxicity in Salmonella. Un-/conjugated bilirubin (1 and 2), biliverdin (4), bilirubin and biliverdin dimethyl esters (3 and 5), stercobilin (6), urobilin (7), and protoporphyrin (8) were evaluated at physiological concentrations (0.01-2 μmol/plate; 3.5-714 ...
Maisanaba Sara - - 2013
The incorporation of the natural mineral clay montmorillonite into polymeric systems enhances their barrier properties as well as their thermal and mechanical resistance, making them suitable for a wide range of industrial applications, e.g., in the food industry. Considering humans could easily be exposed to these clays due to migration ...
Ek Kai Lin - - 2013
Potatoes are usually a high-glycaemic index (GI) food. Finding a low-GI potato and developing a screening method for finding low-GI cultivars are both health and agricultural priorities. The aims of the present study were to screen the commonly used and newly introduced cultivars of potatoes, in a bid to discover ...
Ali Disha - - 2013
Household food insecurity (HFI) is a recognized underlying determinant of child undernutrition, but evidence of associations between HFI and child undernutrition is mixed. The purpose of this study was to investigate if HFI is associated with undernutrition in children aged 6-59.9 mo in Bangladesh (n = 2356), Ethiopia (n = ...
Gragnani J G - - 2013
The present study aimed to determine whether the δ(13) C and δ(15) N of fingernails (δ(13) CF and δ(15) NF , respectively) would exhibit differences between groups from different income levels in the city of Piracicaba, Brazil. In 2010, the fingernails of 273 participants belonging to six income groups were ...
Khan Muhammad Usman - - 2013
The current study was designed to investigate the potential human health risks associated with consumption of food crops contaminated with toxic heavy metals. Cadmium (Cd) concentration in surface soils; Cd, lead (Pb) and chromium (Cr) in the irrigation water and food crops were above permissible limits. The accumulation factor (AF) ...
Xu Jian - - 2013
In this study, the bioaccumulation of perfluorinated compounds from a food web in Taihu Lake in China was investigated. The organisms included egret bird species, carnivorous fish, omnivorous fish, herbivorous fish, zooplankton, phytoplankton, zoobenthos and white shrimp. Isotope analysis by δ(13)C and δ(15)N indicated that the carnivorous fish and egret ...
Dill M Joelle - - 2013
Serotonin acts through a number of receptors known to be involved in several physiological functions, including the regulation of energy homeostasis and food intake. Recent experiments have demonstrated that 5-HT1A receptor antagonists reduce food intake. We conducted experiments to determine the effects of 5-HT1A receptor antagonists on food intake using ...
Bai Wei - - 2013
Abstract Knowing the dietary flavonoid intake of individuals and populations is the first step to clearly understand their health effects. Dietary flavonoid intake studies have been hampered by the lack of flavonoid food composition data. The objectives of this study were to estimate intakes of individual, classes and total flavonoids ...
Tunstall Brendan J - - 2013
We previously showed that presenting two cocaine cues simultaneously during extinction deepens the extinction of cue-elicited cocaine seeking (Kearns et al., 2012). The present study investigated whether compounding a non-drug appetitive cue with a cocaine cue would similarly deepen extinction. In Experiment 1, tone and click were each first established ...
Yang Qianru - - 2013
Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assays have been developed recently for Salmonella detection. This study aimed at evaluating the robustness of two Salmonella LAMP assays in comparison with PCR and real-time quantitative PCR for food applications. Performance of the assays was examined under abusive preparation and running temperatures, pH, and with ...
Hidalgo Alyssa - - 2013
The hulled wheat einkorn (Triticum monococcum L. ssp. monococcum), staple food of early farmers for many thousand years, today is cropped only in small areas of the Mediterranean region and continental Europe. The increasing attention for the nutritional quality of foods has fostered a renewed interest for this low-impact crop. ...
Nile Shivraj Hariram - - 2013
The importance of food consumption in relation to human health has increased consumer attention in nutraceutical components and foods, especially fruits and vegetables. Berries are a rich source of a wide variety of non-nutritive, nutritive, and bioactive compounds such as flavonoids, phenolics, anthocyanins, phenolic acids, stilbenes, and tannins, as well ...
Dalvie Mohamed Aqiel MA Centre for Occupational and Environmental Health Research, School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, South Africa. - - 2014
The study investigated whether wood usage by informal food vendors and household residents in Cape Town results in the absorption of arsenic (As), chromium (Cr) and copper (Cu) owing to release of these metals in the burning of chromated copper arsenate (CCA)-treated wood. The participants (N=78) selected included an equal ...
Dearfield Kerry L - - 2013
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) examined whether levels of dioxin-like compounds (DLCs) measured in FSIS-regulated meat and poultry products indicate possible concern for U.S. public health based on usual and recommended consumption patterns of meat and poultry for the U.S. population. The FSIS ...
- - 2013
The "tolerable daily intake" of bisphenol A, established by the European and US regulatory agencies, is based on a small number of reproductive toxicity studies in animals, mostly funded by industry, using protocols that adhere to regulatory guidelines. Many scientists consider these regulatory toxicology tests unsuitable for the evaluation of ...
Winiarska-Mieczan Anna - - 2013
The presence of heavy metals in food products has become a global problem. In order to reduce the absorption of heavy metals from food we should consider substances which bind these toxic metals and are generally available and easy to apply, such as tannins. The study aimed at verifying if ...
Kulkarni Darshan D Kulkarni Law Firm, Philadelphia, PA 19107, USA. - - 2013
Recent events have directed the U.S. Food and Drug Administration's attention to compounding pharmacies and have increased the frequency and vigorousness of pharmacy inspections. It is critical for compounding pharmacists to be prepared for such inspections and to understand their responsibilities after an inspection is over.
Ngo Dai-Hung - - 2013
Recently, much attention has been paid by consumers towards natural bioactive compounds as functional ingredients in nutraceuticals. Marine algae are considered as valuable sources of structurally diverse bioactive compounds. Marine algae are rich in sulfated polysaccharides (SPs) such as carrageenans in red algae, fucoidans in brown algae and ulvans in ...
Tongesayi Tsanangurayi - - 2013
Researchers and regulatory bodies tend to focus on non-essential toxic elements when testing for inorganic chemical pollutants in food. Both toxic and essential elements are increasingly getting into the food chain from the extensive use agrochemicals and the use of contaminated water, raw sewage and untreated industrial effluent to irrigate ...
Guth Sabine - - 2013
α,β-Unsaturated aliphatic carbonyl compounds are naturally widespread in food, but are also formed during the thermal treatment of food. This applies, for example, to the genotoxic carcinogen acrylamide (AA), but also to acrolein (AC), the simplest α,β-unsaturated aldehyde. First observations indicate that human exposure to AC may be higher than ...
Parvez Shahid - - 2013
EPA recommends sensitivity analyses when applying the toxic equivalency factor (TEF) method to evaluate exposures to dioxin-like compounds (DLCs). Applying the World Health Organization's (WHO) 2005 TEF values and estimating average U.S. daily dietary intakes of 25 DLCs from eight food categories, we estimate a toxic equivalency (TEQ) intake of ...
Wooding Stephen - - 2013
Mutations in odorant receptor genes predict olfactory perception of common compounds in foods and flowers. Through recombination they can generate extensive combinatorial variation in sensory ability among individuals.
van den Berg Suzanne J P L - - 2013
Basil-containing plant food supplements (PFS) can contain estragole which can be metabolised into a genotoxic and carcinogenic 1'-sulfoxymetabolite. This study describes the inhibition of sulfotransferase (SULT)-mediated bioactivation of estragole by compounds present in basil-containing PFS. Results reveal that PFS consisting of powdered basil material contain other compounds with considerable in ...
Barbosa-Pereira Letricia - - 2014
This paper reports the development of an extraction process that allows selective recovery of polyphenols from a brewery waste stream. The antioxidant activity of this extract (EC50=0.23-0.3g/L) was very high, similar to that of butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and higher than that of other synthetic antioxidants such as butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). ...
Jaeggi Adrian V AV Integrative Anthropological Sciences, Department of Anthropology, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA 93106-3210, USA. - - 2013
Helping, i.e. behaviour increasing the fitness of others, can evolve when directed towards kin or reciprocating partners. These predictions have been tested in the context of food sharing both in human foragers and non-human primates. Here, we performed quantitative meta-analyses on 32 independent study populations to (i) test for overall ...
Silva Larissa Morais Ribeiro da - - 2014
This study aimed to quantify the levels of resveratrol, coumarin, and other bioactives in pulps and by-products of twelve tropical fruits from Brazil obtained during pulp production process. Pineapple, acerola, monbin, cashew apple, guava, soursop, papaya, mango, passion fruit, surinam cherry, sapodilla, and tamarind pulps were evaluated as well as ...
Danesi Francesca - - 2013
The nutritional characteristics of the Black Sea area (BSA) traditional foods are almost unknown, and they could be interesting sources of antioxidant compounds. In this study, carried out within the BaSeFood project, the in vitro total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and phenolic content of 39 BSA traditional foods were determined using ...
Liu Shun - - 2013
The fruiting bodies or mycelia of mushrooms have been used as food and food-flavoring material for centuries due to their nutritional and medicinal value and the diversity of their bioactive components. The present research was the first to study the Chemical components in the rice fermented with the edible mushroom ...
Fockink Douglas H - - 2013
Carrion beetles are part of the great diversity of insects collected on cadavers. In Brazil, beetles of the genus Oxelytrum have great forensic importance in post mortem interval (PMI) estimation. We investigated the system of chemical communication in the attraction of these necrophagous beetles. Gas chromatographic analysis (GC) of female ...
Ma Ke - - 2014
In addition to the fruiting bodies, mushroom mycelia can be used as functional foods and nutraceutical materials. In this study, two new benzoate derivatives (1 and 2) and three new sesquiterpenoids (3-5) were isolated from the mycelia of Stereum hirsutum. Their chemical structures were elucidated by NMR experiments. The absolute ...
Caspersen Ida H - - 2013
Exposure to dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) during pregnancy and breastfeeding may result in adverse health effects in children. Prenatal exposure is determined by the concentrations of dioxins and PCBs in maternal blood, which reflect the body burden obtained by long term dietary exposure. The aims of this study were ...
Jansen van Rijssen Fredrika W - - 2013
ABSTRACT The importance of food composition in safety assessments of genetically modified (GM) food is described for cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) that naturally contains significantly high levels of cyanogenic glycoside (CG) toxicants in roots and leaves. The assessment of the safety of GM cassava would logically require comparison with a ...
Zhu Wenda - - 2013
Commercial manufacture of fruit leathers (FL) usually results in a portion of the product that is out of specification. The disposition of this material poses special challenges in the food industry. Because the material remains edible and contains valuable ingredients (fruit pulp, sugars, acidulates, etc.), an ideal solution would be ...
Orth Anne-Marie - - 2013
Estimations of dietary exposure via the consumption of flavoured foods play a central role in the safety evaluation of flavouring substances. To assess uncertainties, actual data regarding the occurrence and concentration levels of flavouring substances were determined in commercially available flavoured foods, using Earl Grey tea as an example. The ...
Prota Neli - - 2013
Polygodial, a sesquiterpene dialdehyde of the drimane family, has been shown to have deterrent and antifeedant effects on various insect species, including Myzus persicae (Sulzer), Spodoptera spp. and Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say). This compound may have potential as a broad spectrum biocontrol agent, similar to pyrethrins, considering that it was previously ...
Pinto Paula - - 2013
Abstract Fresh fruits, particularly berries, are rich in polyphenols. These bioactive compounds are important in the prevention of chronic inflammatory diseases. The present study aimed to assess polyphenol intake from fresh fruit in Portugal and the relative contribution of berries to overall intake, using an online semi quantitative food frequency ...
Varlet V - - 2014
New products available for food creations include a wide variety of "supposed" food grade aerosol sprays. However, the gas propellants used cannot be considered as safe. The different legislations available did not rule any maximum residue limits, even though these compounds have some limits when used for other food purposes. ...
Dueñas Montserrat - - 2013
Due to their purported healthful activities, quercetin and other flavonoids are being increasingly proposed as nutraceuticals. Quercetin occurs in food as glycosides; however, most assays on its activity have been performed with the aglycone, despite glycosylation deeply affects compound bioavailability. In this work, the uptake and lifespan effects of quercetin-3-O-glucoside ...
Venditti Alessandro A Dipartimento di Chimica, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Roma, - - 2013
Dihydroasparagusic acid (DHAA) is the reduced form of asparagusic acid, a sulfur-containing flavor component produced by Asparagus plants. In this work, DHAA was synthetically produced by modifying some published protocols, and the synthesized molecule was tested in several in vitro assays (DPPH, ABTS, FRAP-ferrozine, BCB, deoxyribose assays) to evaluate its ...
Yu Lehuan - - 2013
Organohalogen pollutants (OHPs), including dichlorodiphenyl trichloroethane and its metabolites (DDTs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), hexabromocyclododecanes (HBCDs), and dechlorane plus (DP), were determined in three raptor species, namely, the common kestrel (Falco tinnunculus), eagle owl (Bubo bubo), and little owl (Athene noctua), as well as in their primary ...
Ke Qingdong - - 2013
Thermolysin is a zinc metalloprotease that has potential uses in the food industry. The safety of thermolysin has not been demonstrated before, and therefore a series of standard toxicological tests to assess its potential toxicity was undertaken. The thermolysin used in this study was derived from the thermophilic bacterium Geobacillus ...
Ho Steven Sai Hang SS SKLLQG, Institute of Earth Environment Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi 'an, China. - - 2013
A pilot hazardous airborne carbonyls study was carried out in Hong Kong and the Mainland of China. Workplace air samples in 14 factories of various types of manufacturing and industrial operations were collected and analyzed for a panel of 21 carbonyl compounds. The factories can be classified into five general ...
Jones Oliver A H - - 2013
(1)H Nuclear Magnetic Resonance spectroscopy has been used to profile urinary metabolites in male Fischer F344 rats in order to assess the metabolic changes induced by oral exposure to two benzimidazole fungicides (carbendazim and thiabendazole) and two bipyridyllium herbicides (chlormequat and mepiquat). Exposure levels were selected to be lower than ...
Capriotti Anna Laura - - 2013
Food safety can be compromised by the presence of a wide variety of substances, deriving from both natural and anthropogenic sources. Among these substances, compounds exhibiting various degrees of estrogenic activity have been widely studied in environmental samples, whereas less attention has been devoted to food matrices. The aim of ...
Vera Paula - - 2014
Adhesives are commonly used in the manufacture of multilayer food packaging materials. Although they are not in direct contact with the packed food, their compounds may migrate from the adhesive through the substrates to the food. The aim of this work is to determine the migrant concentration in order to ...
Esmerino E A - - 2013
As in the case of probiotic functional foods in recent years, demand has increased notably for light or diet foods with added sweeteners. However, little is known about the effect of different sweeteners on the microorganisms present. Thus, the objective of the current study was to establish the ideal sucrose ...
Kenney Mary Kay MK US Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Maternal and Child Health Bureau, Rockville, - - 2014
Elevated risk for obesity is found in rural environments and in some minority populations. It is unclear whether living in rural or nonmetropolitan areas and being a minority compound the risk of obesity beyond that of either factor acting alone. Our purpose was to examine adolescent obesity in light of ...
Zabka Martin - - 2013
In terms of food safety, species of the Fusarium, Aspergillus and Penicillium genera are considered the most significant because they produce the great majority of known mycotoxins. Developing resistance against commonly used fungicides have become a critical problem in area such as agriculture, the storage and production of food and ...
Watanabe Fumio - - 2013
The usual dietary sources of vitamin B12 are animal-source based foods, including meat, milk, eggs, fish, and shellfish, although a few plant-based foods such as certain types of dried lavers (nori) and mushrooms contain substantial and considerable amounts of vitamin B12, respectively. Unexpectedly, detailed characterization of vitamin B12 compounds in ...
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