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Amakura Yoshiaki Y College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Matsuyama University, 4-2 Bunkyo-cho, Matsuyama, Ehime 790-8578, Japan. - - 2014
Many recent studies have suggested that activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) reduces immune responses, thus suppressing allergies and autoimmune diseases. In our continuing study on natural AhR agonists in foods, we examined the influence of 37 health food materials on the AhR using a reporter gene assay, and ...
Tan Lai Kuan LK Microbiology Division, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
Y. enterocolitica and Y. pseudotuberculosis are important food borne pathogens. However, the presence of competitive microbiota makes the isolation of Y. enterocolitica and Y. pseudotuberculosis from naturally contaminated foods difficult. We attempted to evaluate the performance of a modified Cefsulodin-Irgasan-Novobiocin (CIN) agar in the differentiation of Y. enterocolitica from non-Yersinia ...
Gilley David C DC Department of Biology, William Paterson University, Wayne, New Jersey, United States of - - 2014
Hydrocarbons emitted by waggle-dancing honey bees are known to reactivate experienced foragers to visit known food sources. This study investigates whether these hydrocarbons also increase waggle-dance recruitment by observing recruitment and dancing behavior when the dance compounds are introduced into the hive. If the hydrocarbons emitted by waggle-dancing bees affect ...
Pennington Thomas Hugh TH University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United - - 2014
This review describes Escherichia coli O157 outbreaks in the United Kingdom, beginning from the first, in the 1980s, to those recorded in 2013. We point out that the United Kingdom differs from other countries, particularly the United States, in that it has had a considerable number of outbreaks associated with ...
Machado Terezinha Feitosa TF Embrapa FortalezaCE Brazil Embrapa, Fortaleza, CE, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial potential of Lippia alba essential oil (EOLa) and to investigate the effect of food ingredients on its efficacy. The antimicrobial potential of the oil was determined by the presence or absence of inhibition zones, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum ...
Roggenbuck Michael M Department of Biology, Section of Microbiology, University of Copenhagen, 2100 Copenhagen, - - 2014
Vultures are scavengers that fill a key ecosystem niche, in which they have evolved a remarkable tolerance to bacterial toxins in decaying meat. Here we report the first deep metagenomic analysis of the vulture microbiome. Through face and gut comparisons of 50 vultures representing two species, we demonstrate a remarkably ...
Mbaka John Gichimu JG Institute for Environmental Sciences, University of Koblenz-Landau, Landau, Rhineland-Palatinate State, - - 2014
Methane gas (CH4) has been identified as an important alternative source of carbon and energy in some freshwater food webs. CH4 is oxidized by methane oxidizing bacteria (MOB), and subsequently utilized by chironomid larvae, which may exhibit low δ13C values. This has been shown for chironomid larvae collected from lakes, ...
Tresserra-Rimbau Anna - - 2014
Polyphenols may lower the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and other chronic diseases due to their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, as well as their beneficial effects on blood pressure, lipids and insulin resistance. However, no previous epidemiological studies have evaluated the relationship between the intake of total polyphenols intake and ...
S Padma Ishwarya - - 2014
The concept of functional foods has markedly moved toward gastrointestinal health. The prebiotic approach aims at achieving favorable milieu in the human gut by stimulating beneficial bacteria. Several food products act as substrates for the application of prebiotic substances and bakery products are one such category. The trend of increasing ...
Soro-Yao Amenan A AA Food Science and Technology Unit, Nangui Abrogoua University, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte - - 2014
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) protein analysis, automated ribotyping, and phenotypic tests (e.g., cell morphology, gas production from glucose, growth and acid production on homofermemtative-heterofermentative differential (HHD) agar medium, sugar fermentation patterns) were used to identify 23 lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from fermented cereal foods available ...
Fukahori Masahiro M Consumer Healthcare Products Development, Zeria Pharmaceutical Co., - - 2014
The aim of present study was to evaluate the qualities of chaste berry (fruit of Vitex agnus-castus L.) preparations using HPLC fingerprint analysis. Seven medicinal products 1 from Japan and 6 from Europe, and 17 health foods, 6 from Japan and 11 from the United States were analyzed. HPLC profile ...
Sales Jocelyn M JM a Department of Food Science and Technology, The University of Georgia , Griffin , GA , 30223-1797 , - - 2014
Peanuts are important dietary food source of resveratrol with potent antioxidant properties implicated in reducing risk of cancer, cardiovascular and Alzheimer's disease, and delaying aging. Resveratrol is a naturally occurring stilbene phytoalexin phenolic compound produced in response to a variety of biotic and abiotic stresses. This paper is a review ...
López-Nicolás José Manuel - - 2014
In recent years, the growth of the functional foods industry has increased research into new compounds with high added value for use in the fortification of traditional products. One of the most promising functional food groups is those enriched in antioxidant compounds of a lipophilic nature. In spite of the ...
Blanco-Padilla Adriana A Departamento de Investigación y Posgrado en Alimentos, Facultad de Química, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Cerro de las Campanas s/n, Querétaro, QRO 76010, - - 2014
Natural food antimicrobials are bioactive compounds that inhibit the growth of microorganisms involved in food spoilage or food-borne illness. However, stability issues result in degradation and loss of antimicrobial activity. Nanoencapsulation allows protection of antimicrobial food agents from unfavorable environmental conditions and incompatibilities. Encapsulation of food antimicrobials control delivery increasing ...
Rodríguez-Gómez F F Department of Food Biotechnology, Instituto de la Grasa, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas Seville, - - 2014
Dairy products are currently the main carriers of probiotic microorganisms to the human body. However, the development of new matrices for probiotic delivery is convenient for intolerant to milk (or its derivatives) and those requiring low-cholesterol diet consumers. The present work focused on the fortification of previously fermented green Spanish ...
Nunes Elisabete E a Instituto de Investigação do Medicamento (iMed.ULisboa), Faculdade de Farmácia , Universidade de Lisboa Av. Prof. Gama Pinto , 1649-003 , Lisboa , - - 2014
Several epidemiological studies indicate that fish intake is associated with neurocognitive development and visual outcomes in children attributed to long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). However, methylmercury (MeHg) represents the most toxic and abundant form of environmental mercury (Hg) exposure to humans and exposure occurs primarily through fish consumption. The objective ...
Kumar Peeyush P Applied Microbiology Laboratory, Centre for Rural Development & Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110016, - - 2014
Housefly (Musca domestica L.), one of the most common insects in human settlements, has been associated as vectors for various food-borne pathogens, causing food spoilage and disease transmission. The control of housefly was attempted using plant monoterpenes; menthone, menthol, menthyl acetate, limonene, citral and 1,8-cineole, against different life stages of ...
García-González Diego L DL Instituto de la Grasa (CSIC), Padre García Tejero 4, 41012 Sevilla, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The physicochemical phenomena that explain the sensing mechanisms of gas sensors have been extensively investigated. Nevertheless, it is arduous to interpret the sensor signals in a practical approach when they response to complex mixtures of compounds responsible for food aroma. Thus, the concomitant interactions between the volatiles and the sensor ...
Preece Kahn K Experimental & Translational Respiratory Medicine Group, University of Newcastle and Hunter Medical Research Institute, Newcastle, Australia; Paediatric Allergy & Immunology, Newcastle Children's Hospital, Newcastle, Australia; Discipline of Paediatrics & Child Health, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, - - 2013
Retrospective studies of childhood peanut allergy demonstrate serum IgE levels against the peanut allergen Ara h2 may help predict a clinical reaction at food challenge. Fraction of exhaled nitric oxide is a non-invasive tool correlating to allergic airways inflammation and has been independently associated with increased food specific IgE. To ...
Jorda-Beneyto M M a Packaging , Transport and Logistics Research Institute, C/Albert Einstein, 1 , Paterna , Valencia 46980 , - - 2013
In this work, two organomodified clays for food contact applications have been developed to produce hydrophobically modified montmorillonite, and hence to obtain better compatibility between the biopolymer and the filler (nanoclay). These nanofillers have been characterized by Fourier Transform InfraRed (FTIR) Spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA), in order ...
Price Paul - - 2013
Food contact materials can release low levels of multiple chemicals (migrants) into food and beverages, to which individuals can be exposed through food consumption. This paper investigates the potential for non-carcinogenic effects from exposure to multiple migrants using the Cefic Mixtures Ad hoc Team (MIAT) decision tree. The purpose of ...
Llana-Ruiz-Cabello María - - 2013
Essential oils used as additives in the food industry due to its flavour, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. Therefore, human can be exposed orally to these compounds through the ingestion of foods. In this sense, the present work aims to assess toxicological effects of oregano essential oil on the digestive tract. ...
Višnjevec Ana Miklavčič AM Department of Environmental Sciences, "Jožef Stefan" Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia; International postgraduate School Jožef Stefan, Ljubljana, - - 2013
The effects of human exposure to mercury (Hg) and its compounds in Europe have been the focus of numerous studies that differed in their design, including recruiting different population groups at different levels of exposure and by using different protocols and recruitment strategies. The objective of this work was to ...
Yang Yi-Xin - - 2013
Silica nanoparticles (NPs) have been widely used in food products as an additive; however, their toxicity and safety to the human body and the environment still remain unclear. As a food additive, silica NPs firstly enter the human gastrointestinal tract along with food, thus their gastrointestinal toxicity deserves thorough study. ...
Gelbke Heinz-Peter - - 2013
Residual styrene present in polystyrene food packaging may migrate into food at low levels. To assure safe use, safe exposure levels are derived for consumers potentially exposed via food using No/Low Adverse Effect Levels from animal and human studies and assessment factors proposed by European organisations (EFSA, ECHA, ECETOC). Ototoxicity ...
Lionti Krystelle - - 2013
Organoalkoxysilanes are precursors that are used increasingly in the synthesis of food contact coatings. To comply with the EU regulation, their potential toxicity must be assessed, and very little information is known. The genotoxicity of three common precursors was studied, namely, tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS), methyltriethoxysilane (MTES) and 3-glycidyloxypropyltriethoxysilane (GPTES). By the ...
Shin Mee-Young MY Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Andong National University, Gyeongbuk 760-749, - - 2013
Yam (Dioscorea) has long been used as foods and folk medicine with the approved positive effects for health promotion. Although consumption of yam products is increasing for health promotion, reports for the metal contamination in commercial yam powder products to protect the consumers are lacking. In this study, we aimed ...
Wang Botao B School of Life Science and Biopharmaceutics, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, No. 103 Wenhua Road, ShenHe District, Shenyang 110016, PR China; State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 8 Beiertiao, Zhongguancun, Haidian District, Beijing 100190, PR - - 2014
Cyathane diterpenes are important bioactive substances produced by some edible and medicinal fungi. Seven new cyathane type diterpenes, named as cyathins J-P (1-7), together with two known diterpenes (8 and 9), were isolated from the solid culture of the bird's nest fungus Cyathus gansuensis growing on cooked rice. The structures ...
Ieromina Oleksandra - - 2013
Aquatic ecosystems are characterized by fluctuating conditions that have direct effects on aquatic communities, but also indirect influences such as changing the toxicity of chemicals. Since the effect of food quality on pesticide toxicity has rarely been studied, in the current experiment Daphnia magna juveniles supplied with four different food ...
Santos-Neto Elitieri B - - 2013
Organochlorine compounds are highly persistent in the environment, causing bioaccumulation and biomagnification through the marine food chain. To verify the bioaccumulation pattern of DDT and its metabolites, as well as PCBs, Mirex, HCHs and HCB, samples of subcutaneous adipose tissue from 25 Guiana dolphins (Sotalia guianensis), two Fraser's dolphins (Lagenodelphis ...
Fernández-González R - - 2013
Abstract Dioxins include polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and part of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Only the compounds that are chlorinated at the 2,3,7 and 8 positions have characteristic dioxin toxicity. PCDDs, PCDFs and PCBs accumulate in the food chain due to their high lipophilicity, high stability, and low vapor ...
Shi Lei L College of Life Science, Qufu Normal University, Qufu 273165, China; Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 555 Zu Chong Zhi Road, Shanghai 201203, China; Temasek Applied Science School, Temasek Polytechnic, 21 Tampines Avenue 1, 529757 Singapore, Singapore. Electronic address: - - 2014
To discover new immunomodulator in the food industry, a water-soluble polysaccharide, CTPB1 was obtained from roots of Cudrania tricuspidata (Carr.) Bur. The average molecular weight of this polysaccharide was estimated to be 4.0×10(4)Da. Monosaccharide composition analysis indicated that the only neutral sugar present in this polysaccharide was xylose. From methylation ...
Contini Claudia - - 2013
Overall migration (OM) tests were conducted on an antioxidant active packaging prepared by coating plasma pretreated and untreated polyethylene terepthalate (PET) trays with a citrus extract. The release of antioxidant compounds into food simulants was measured to permit their subtraction from OM values in line with active packaging legislation. The ...
Reeuwijk N M - - 2013
Herbal food supplements, claiming to enhance sexual potency, may contain deliberately added active pharmacological ingredients (APIs) that can be used for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). The aim of this study was to determine whether herbal food supplements on the Dutch market indeed contain APIs that inhibit phosphodiesterase type ...
Rotches-Ribalta Maria - - 2013
The study of the bioavailability of active compounds in functional foods, such as polyphenol-rich beverages, is required before making nutritional claims. In this work, we aimed to study the urinary excretion of resveratrol, taking into consideration its gut and microbial metabolites after consumption of a functional beverage, applying a UPLC-MS/MS ...
Hurlburt Barry K - - 2013
SUMMARY The incidence of peanut allergy continues to rise in the US and Europe. Whereas exposure to the major allergens Ara h 1, 2, 3, and 6 can cause fatal anaphylaxis, exposure to the minor allergens usually does not. Ara h 8 is a minor allergen. Importantly, it is the ...
Campagna Céline - - 2013
Many commercial sanitizers and disinfectants have been used over the years to control microbial contamination but their efficacy on phages is often unknown. Here, 23 commercial chemical products, including 21 food-grade sanitizers were tested against virulent dairy phages. These food-grade chemicals included oxidizing agents, halogenated agents, alcohols, quaternary ammonium compounds, ...
Palermo Mariantonella - - 2013
Cooking induced many chemical and physical modifications in foods: among them also phytochemicals content can change. Many authors studied variations in vegetable nutrients after cooking, and great data variability was reported. In this review more than one-hundred articles from indexed scientific journals were considered in order to assess the effect ...
Di Sotto Antonella - - 2013
α -Hexylcinnamaldehyde (HCA) and p-tert-butyl-alpha-methylhydrocinnamic aldehyde (BMHCA) are synthetic aldehydes, characterized by a typical floral scent, which makes them suitable to be used as fragrances in personal care (perfumes, creams, shampoos, etc.) and household products, and as flavouring additives in food and pharmaceutical industry. The aldehydic structure suggests the need ...
Martínez-Yusta Andrea A Food Technology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Lascaray Research Center, University of the Basque Country (UPV-EHU), Paseo de la Universidad No. 7, 01006 Vitoria, - - 2014
Three series of fourteen deep-frying experiments on three foods of very different compositions were carried out using extra virgin olive oil as the original frying medium. The aim of the study was to establish how the nature of the food being fried influences the composition of the frying medium. The ...
Zhang Zijie Z State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, People's Republic of - - 2014
d-Limonene has been considered to be a safer alternative compared to synthetic antimicrobial food additives. However, its hydrophobic and oxidative nature has limited its application in foods. The purpose of this research was to study effects of nisin on the antimicrobial activity of d-limonene and its nanoemulsion and develop a ...
Martins Maria do Rosário - - 2013
Schinus molle L. has been used in folk medicine as antibacterial, antiviral, topical antiseptic, antifungal, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-tumoural as well as antispasmodic and analgesic; however, there are few studies of pharmacological and toxicological properties of S. molle essential oils. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant and ...
Guyon Francois - - 2013
New tools for the determination of characteristic parameters for food authentication are requested to prevent food adulteration from which health concerns, unfair competition could follow. A new coupling in the area of compound-specific carbon 13 isotope ratio (δ(13)C) analysis was developed to simultaneously quantify δ(13)C values of sugars and organic ...
Rintala Eeva-Maria EM Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira, Research and Laboratory Department, Chemistry and Toxicology Research Unit, Mustialankatu 3, 00790 Helsinki, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
We evaluated total and inorganic arsenic levels in long grain rice and rice based baby foods on Finnish market. Inorganic arsenic was analysed with an HPLC-ICP-MS system. The total arsenic concentration was determined with an ICP-MS method. In this study, the inorganic arsenic levels in long grain rice varied from ...
Kim Min-Gi - - 2013
The acaricidal effects of the active constituent isolated from Ostericum praeteritum oil and its derivatives were compared with that of benzyl benzoate using fumigant and contact toxicity bioassays against Tyrophagus putrescentiae mites. The active compound of O. praeteritum was isolated by various chromatographic techniques and was identified as 3-methylphenol (C7H8O). ...
Catteau Lucy - - 2013
The purpose of this research is to screen different processes, which could potentially decrease or even eliminate rotenone, a toxic isoflavonoid, from Pachyrhizus seeds. The yam bean seeds have very interesting nutritional characteristics, especially their high proteins and lipids contents, and could potentially increase food security in under-nourished populations. However, ...
Hamishehkar Hamed - - 2013
Abstract Synthetic phenolic food additives, such as propyl 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoate (propyl galate; PG), have been used as an antioxidant in the food industry to prevent oils from spoiling. Their toxicity is one of the challengeable issues resulting from the widespread usage of them in food-related industrials. In this study, we investigated ...
Aleksic Verica - - 2013
Since synthetic antimicrobial agents and food additives can cause a number of adverse effects, there is a growing interest from consumers in ingredients from natural sources. Medicinal plants, such as Myrtus communis L. are a source of new compounds which can be used in both the food industry and for ...
Lavoie Raphael A - - 2013
The slope of the simple linear regression between Log10 transformed mercury (Hg) concentration and stable nitrogen isotope values (δ(15)N), hereafter called trophic magnification slope (TMS), from several trophic levels in a food web can represent the overall degree of Hg biomagnification. We compiled data from 69 studies that determined total ...
Angi Réka - - 2013
The oral bioavailability of Aprepitant is limited by poor dissolution of the compound in the gastrointestinal tract which is more prominent in the fasted state resulting in significant positive food effect. Due to the low aqueous solubility of the active substance the product development has been focused on decreasing the ...
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