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Results 201 - 250 of 1726
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Kim Hyung Joo HJ a Advanced Analysis Team, Toxicological Evaluation and Research Department, National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation , Ministry of Food and Drug Safety , Osong Health Technology Administration Complex, Cheongwon-gun , Chungcheongbuk-do , - - 2014
Because of the rapid growth in dietary supplement availability and public concern for weight control, the investigation of foods and various dietary supplements illegally adulterated with weight-loss compounds has become increasingly important. A total of 29 weight-loss compounds, including sennoside, sibutramine, ephedrine, and their analogues, found to be adulterated in ...
Larson Jonathan L JL Department of Entomology, University of Kentucky, S-225 Agriculture Science Bldg. North, Lexington, KY, 40546-0091, - - 2014
Many turf managers prefer to control foliage- and root-feeding pests with the same application, so-called multiple-targeting, using a single broad-spectrum insecticide or a premix product containing two or more active ingredients. We compared the impact of a neonicotinoid (clothianidin), a premix (clothianidin + bifenthrin), and an anthranilic diamide (chlorantraniliprole), the main insecticide ...
Wu Xiaoli X College of Basic Medicine, Jiangxi University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Nanchang 330000, P. R. - - 2014
To evaluate the cytotoxicity of high-purity rebaudioside A (reb A, 99.16%) as a food ingredient, a combination of several methods, including tetrazolium-based colorimetric assay (MTT), lactate dehydrogenase assay (LDH), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), real-time PCR (qPCR), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) were used to test the cytotoxicity ...
Jacob James N - - 2014
Turmeric and fish oil have been gaining interest as food supplements because of their beneficial properties. Turmeric oil contains sesquiterpenes and fish oil has eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), possessing anti-inflammatory activity. The present study is to evaluate and compare the anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties of these two ...
Mendes Natacha N Max-Planck-Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Max Planck Research Group Neuroanatomy and Connectivity, Leipzig, Germany; Centre for Research in Anthropology, Avenida das Forças Armadas, Ed. ISCTE-IUL, Lisbon, - - 2014
Remembering the location of fruiting trees for extended periods of time has been hypothesized to play a major role in the evolution of primate cognition. Such ability would be especially useful when paired with a fast learning mechanism capable of consolidating long-term memory after minimal exposure. We investigated whether chimpanzees ...
Desroches Tamara C TC Ottawa Carleton Institute of Chemistry, Carleton University, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1S - - 2014
Wallemia sebi has been primarily known as a spoilage fungus of dried, salted fish and other foods that that are salty or sweet. However, this fungus is also very common in house dust. The health effects of chronic exposure to mold and dampness are known to be associated with both ...
Rigby Mark C MC Parsons, 10235 South Jordan Gateway, Suite 300, South Jordan, Utah 84095, USA. - - 2014
The US Environmental Protection Agency and several U.S. states and Canadian provinces are currently developing national water quality criteria for selenium that are based in part on toxicity tests performed by feeding freshwater fish a selenomethionine-spiked diet. Using only selenomethionine to examine the toxicity of selenium is based in part ...
Vromman V V a Staff Direction for Risk assessment, Administration of Control Policy , Federal Agency for the Safety of the Food Chain , Brussels , - - 2014
This paper focuses on the risks of environmental carcinogenic and/or genotoxic contaminants in food. It describes, for each contaminant studied, the carcinogenicity and genotoxicity, the toxicological reference values, the exposure and the risk characterization. The compounds studied were classified into 3 categories based on a risk assessment. Effects others than ...
Loaëc Grégory G a EGEAL unit , Institut Polytechnique LaSalle Beauvais , 19 rue Pierre Waguet 60026 Beauvais , - - 2014
Sensitive analytical methods were developed and validated for the quantification of acrylamide, N(ε)-carboxymethyl-lysine (CML) and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) in 24 commercial coffee substitutes (CSs) and 12 instant coffees (ICs). Acrylamide levels varied widely from 200 to 4940 µg/kg with higher levels in CSs. Only 2 out of 24 CSs had a level ...
Ryu Eun Hye EH Department of Food and Nutrition, Kimchi Research Center, Chosun University, Seoseok-dong, Dong-gu, Gwangju 501-759, Republic of - - 2014
Strain HD1 with antifungal activity was isolated from kimchi and identified as Lactobacillus plantarum. Antifungal compounds from Lb. plantarum HD1 were active against food- and feed-borne filamentous fungi and yeasts in a spot-on-the-lawn assay. Antifungal activity of Lb. plantarum HD1 was stronger against filamentous fungi than yeast. Antifungal compounds were ...
Fry Brian B Department of Oceanography and Coastal Sciences, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA; Australian Rivers Institute, Griffith University, 170 Kessels Road, Nathan, Brisbane, Queensland 4111, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Natural abundance carbon isotope analyses are sensitive tracers for fates and use of oil in aquatic environments. Use of oil carbon in estuarine food webs should lead to isotope values approaching those of oil itself, -27‰ for stable carbon isotopes reflecting oil origins and -1000‰ for carbon-14 reflecting oil age. ...
Tresserra-Rimbau A A Department of Nutrition and Food Science, XaRTA, INSA, Pharmacy School, University of Barcelona (UB), Barcelona, Spain; CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y la Nutrición (CIBERObn), - - 2014
Epidemiologic and biological evidence supports an inverse association between polyphenol consumption and the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, no previous studies have prospectively evaluated the relationship between polyphenol intake and the incidence of CVD in such a comprehensive way. The aim was to evaluate the association between intakes of ...
Zaupa Maria - - 2014
Durum wheat aleurone, thanks to its nutrient-rich composition, might be of potential use as a functional ingredient in cereal-based foods provided nutrients can be made available for absorption. We evaluated the in vitro bioaccessibility of thiamine, niacin and phenolic acids in different aleurone fractions obtained with an industrial processing aimed ...
Ortega-Ramirez Luis Alberto LA Centro de Investigacion en Alimentacion y Desarrollo, A.C. (CIAD, AC), Carretera a la Victoria Km 0.6, La Victoria. Hermosillo, Sonora 83000, - - 2014
Many food preservation strategies can be used for the control of microbial spoilage and oxidation; however, these quality problems are not yet controlled adequately. Although synthetic antimicrobial and antioxidant agents are approved in many countries, the use of natural safe and effective preservatives is a demand of food consumers and ...
Montserrat-de la Paz Sergio - - 2014
Non-drug varieties of Cannabis sativa L., collectively known as "hemp", have been an important source of food, fiber and medicince for thousands of years. The ever-increasing demand for vegetables oils has made it essential to characterize additional vegetable oil through innovative uses of its components. The lipid profile showed that ...
Lin Chuan-Chuan CC Department of Food Science, China University of Science and Technology, Taipei 115, - - 2014
The choice of surfactants and cosurfactants for preparation of oral formulation in microemulsions is limited. In this report, a curcumin-encapsulated phospholipids-based microemulsion (ME) using food-grade ingredients soybean oil and soybean lecithin to replace ethyl oleate and purified lecithin from our previous study was established and compared. The results indicated soybean ...
Lanzerstorfer Peter - - 2014
The compositional characteristics of untreated pure juice prepared from 88 apple varieties grown in the region of Eferding/Upper Austria were determined. Many of the analyzed varieties are non-commercial, old varieties not present in market. The aim of the study was to quantitate the mineral, phosphate, trace elements and polyphenolic content ...
Tumbas Vesna V Faculty of Technology, University of Novi Sad, Bulevar cara Lazara 1, 21000, Novi Sad, Serbia; Phytochemistry Lab. Department of Food Science and Technology, CEBAS-CSIC, Campus de Espinardo - 25, E-30100, Espinardo, Murcia, - - 2014
The global interest in natural food colours shows increasing attention for new product development to replace synthetic colourants, due to the strengthening of legislative rules and consumers' awareness of synthetic additives and chemicals in food. This study was designed to evaluate anthocyanin content and biological activities of press residues from ...
Ginex Tiziana - - 2014
Thioxanthones and related chemicals are widely used in food packaging as photoinitiator/sensitizers during UV-curing polymerization ink procedures. Despite their good chemical properties, some cases of food contamination were occurred, especially in infant formulae, as reported by EFSA in 2005. Contamination was also occurred in fruits juices, fruit nectars and drinks. ...
Schwarz Markus A MA a FoBiG , Forschungs- und Beratungsinstitut Gefahrstoffe GmbH , Klarastraße 63, 79106 Freiburg , - - 2014
Abstract Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and -furan (PCDD/F) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCB) exposure from food were estimated using new food consumption data from the recent German food consumption survey (Nationale Verzehrsstudie II, NVS II). Based on these comprehensive data, information on consumption of 545 individual food items by the German population ...
Torres-Fuentes Cristina - - 2014
Objectives Obesity and obesity-related disorders are reaching epidemic proportions worldwide. In this review, we summarize the accumulating studies that have emerged in the last few decades demonstrating that bioactives from different natural sources could potentially have anti-obesity effects. Methods We carried out an extensive search of relevant literature from Pubmed, ...
Han Kyoung Moon KM a Advanced Analysis Team, Toxicological Evaluation and Research Department , National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation , Ministry of Food and Drug Safety , Cheongwon-gun , - - 2014
A novel phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitor was found in a natural health food product. The previously unknown sildenafil analogue was isolated using preparative HPLC. The structure of the compound was elucidated using HPLC with diode array detection (DAD), time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOF/MS), and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). An [M + H](+) ion ...
Leong Dara D Food Safety Department, Teagasc Food Research Centre Moorepark, Fermoy, Cork, - - 2014
Although rates of listeriosis are low in comparison to other foodborne pathogenic illness, listeriosis poses a significant risk to human health as the invasive form can have a mortality rate as high as 30%. Food processors, especially those who produce ready-to-eat (RTE) products, need to be vigilant against Listeria monocytogenes, ...
Lewenza Shawn S Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Snyder Institute for Chronic Diseases, University of Calgary , Calgary, AB , - - 2014
Caenorhabditis elegans is commonly used as an infection model for pathogenesis studies in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The standard virulence assays rely on the slow and fast killing or paralysis of nematodes but here we developed a behaviour assay to monitor the preferred bacterial food sources of C. elegans. We monitored the ...
Billington Craig C Food Safety Programme, ESR, Ilam, Christchurch, New - - 2014
Foodborne disease is an important source of expense, morbidity, and mortality for society. Detection and control constitute significant components of the overall management of foodborne bacterial pathogens, and this review focuses on the use of nanosized biological entities and molecules to achieve these goals. There is an emphasis on the ...
Abe Takako K TK Department of Materials Science and Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Niigata University, Ikarashi 2-8050, Niigata 950-2181, - - 2014
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is widely considered to be caused by amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) accumulation in the brain. Aβ is excised from amyloid-β precursor protein through sequential cleavage by β-secretase 1 (BACE1) and γ-secretase. Thus, BACE1 inhibition could prevent Aβ accumulation. Here, we identified myo-inositol hexakisphosphate (IP6) as a BACE1 inhibitory ...
Becker Wolf-Meinhard WM Division of Clinical and Molecular Allergology, Research Center Borstel, Airway Research Center North (ARCN), German Center for Lung Research, Borstel, - - 2014
The earliest known evidence of peanut farming dates back 7,600 years. With a prevalence of roughly 1%, peanut allergy is a diagnostic and treatment challenge, but is also a very good model for studying all aspects of food allergy, including its molecular basis and pathomechanisms. Therefore, the very starting point ...
Palmieri Beniamino B Surgical, Medical, Dental and Morphological Sciences Departments with interest in Transplants, Oncology and Regenerative Medicine. University of Modena and Reggio Emilia. Italy. Poliambulatorio del Secondo Parere. Modena. Italia.. - - 2014
Introduction: Antibiotics are largely employed in zootechnical feed to preserve human and animal species from zoonosis due pathogenic infective agents. Aim: Due to the increasing number of pathologies related to diet (e.g. food intolerances), we investigated the toxic effects induced by antibiotics residues, oxytetracyclines, present within the industrial food on ...
Neter Judith E JE Department of Health Sciences and the EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
To determine the prevalence of (very) low food security among Dutch food bank recipients, and to identify potential demographic, lifestyle and nutrition-related factors associated with (very) low food security. 11 of 135 Dutch food banks were selected throughout the Netherlands. 251 Dutch food bank recipients participated in the study (93 ...
Devirgiliis Chiara C CRA-NUT, Food & Nutrition Research Center, Agricultural Research Council, Via Ardeatina 546, 00178 Rome, - - 2014
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) represent the predominant microbiota in fermented foods. Foodborne LAB have received increasing attention as potential reservoir of antibiotic resistance (AR) determinants, which may be horizontally transferred to opportunistic pathogens. We have previously reported isolation of AR LAB from the raw ingredients of a fermented cheese, while ...
Domínguez-Perles R R a Phytochemistry Lab. Department of Food Science and Technology , Centro de Edafología y Biología Aplicada del Segura-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CEBAS-CSIC) , Espinardo ,  Murcia , 30100 , - - 2014
Brassica genus includes known horticultural vegetables with major economical importance worldwide, and involves vegetables of economical importance being part of the diet and source of oils for industry in many countries. Brassicales own a broad array of health-promoting compounds, emphasized as healthy rich sources of vitamin C. The adequate management ...
Cheong Kok Whye KW Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ; Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, International Medical University, No. 126, Jalan Jalil Perkasa 19, Bukit Jalil, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
Perceptions of food products start when flavor compounds are released from foods, transported and appropriate senses in the oral and nose are triggered. However, the long-term stability of flavor compounds in food product has been a major concern in the food industry due to the complex interactions between key food ...
Brott David A DA Translational Patient Safety and Enabling Sciences, AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE, - - 2014
Several preclinical urinary biomarkers have been qualified and accepted by the health authorities (US Food and Drug Administration, European Medicines Agency, and Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency) for detecting drug-induced kidney injury during preclinical toxicologic testing. Validated human assays for many of these biomarkers have become commercially available, and this ...
Saxena Beenam B Department of Zoology, Bareilly College, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
The present study was carried out to evaluate the toxic effect of blend of some food colors on Swiss albino rats. A blend (1:1:1) of sunset yellow, metanil yellow and tartrazine showed additive effects on serological parameters which indicate that addition of these dye together in food stuff may give ...
Adelskov Joseph J Microbial Gene Research and Resources Facility, School of Natural Sciences, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
The analysis of the 4.1-Mb draft genome sequence of a moderately thermophilic, heterotrophic, and facultatively anaerobic bacterium, Bacillus subtilis strain D7XPN1, identified genes for a range of enzymes with potential in the biodegradation of food waste, a property consistent with the ecological habitat of the isolate.
Aylward Frank O FO faylward@hawaii.edu - - 2014
The ability to cultivate food is an innovation that has produced some of the most successful ecological strategies on the planet. Although most well recognized in humans, where agriculture represents a defining feature of civilization, species of ants, beetles, and termites have also independently evolved symbioses with fungi that they ...
Girma Gosa - - 2014
Paper currency is used for every type of commerce and plays an important role in the life of human beings. However, the combination of its widespread use and constant exchange make paper currency a likely agent for disease transmission. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the microbial ...
Rajeshkumar S S Department of Biochemistry, Adhiparasakthi College of Arts and Science, Kalavai, Vellore District 632506, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using Planomicrobium sp. and to explore the antibacterial activity against food borne pathogenic bacteria Bacillus subtilis, (3053) Klebsiella planticola (2727) Klebsiella pneumoniae (MAA) Serratia nematodiphila (CAA) and Escherichia coli. In the current studies, 1 mM of silver nitrate was added into 100 mL of Planomicrobium sp. culture supernatant. ...
de Mello Jozi Fagundes JF Departamento de Nutrição Faculdade de Nutrição Universidade Federal de Pelotas PelotasRS Brazil Departamento de Nutrição, Faculdade de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Pelotas, RS, - - 2014
Sanitary conditions are essential for the production of meals and control of the presence of pathogensis important to guarantee the health of customers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the sanitary quality of food services by checking the presence of thermotolerant coliforms, Staphylococcus sp. and evaluate the toxigenic ...
Ragaee Sanaa S a Department of Food Science , Ontario College of Agriculture, University of Guelph , Guelph , Ontario , N1G 2W1 , - - 2014
Consumption of wholegrain foods has been recommended for healthy diets. The beneficial health properties of wholegrain products have been associated with the presence of higher amounts of dietary fiber and antioxidants and lower calories as compared to their respective refined ones. Phenolic compounds are mainly attributed to antioxidant properties of ...
Oku Naoya N Biotechnology Research Center and Department of Biotechnology, Toyama Prefectural University, 5180 Kurokawa, Imizu, Toyama 939-0398, - - 2014
Macroscopic gelatinous colonies of freshwater cyanobacterium Aphanothece sacrum, a luxury ingredient for Japanese cuisine, were found to contain a new oxylipin-derived macrolide, sacrolide A (1), as an antimicrobial component. The configuration of two chiral centers in 1 was determined by a combination of chiral anisotropy analysis and conformational analysis of ...
Mnayer Dima D Université d'Avignon et des Pays du Vaucluse, UMR 408, INRA, GREEN extraction Team, Avignon 84000, France. - - 2014
Six essential oils (EOs) from the Alliaceae family, namely garlic (Allium sativum), onion (Allium cepa), leek (Allium porrum), Chinese chive (Allium tuberosum), shallot (Allium ascalonicum) and chive (Allium schoenoprasum) were characterized by GC and GC-MS and evaluated for their functional food properties. Antibacterial properties were tested on five food-borne pathogens: ...
Baudier Kaitlin M KM Department of Biology Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America; Department of Biodiversity, Earth and Environmental Science, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of - - 2014
Insecticides have a variety of commercial applications including urban pest control, agricultural use to increase crop yields, and prevention of proliferation of insect-borne diseases. Many pesticides in current use are synthetic molecules such as organochlorine and organophosphate compounds. Some synthetic insecticides suffer drawbacks including high production costs, concern over environmental ...
Johansson Eva E Department of Plant Breeding, The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 101, Alnarp, SE 23053, Sweden. - - 2014
An increasing interest in organic agriculture for food production is seen throughout the world and one key reason for this interest is the assumption that organic food consumption is beneficial to public health. The present paper focuses on the background of organic agriculture, important public health related compounds from crop ...
Swain Manas Ranjan MR 0000-0001-5991-0584 Department of Biotechnology, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600036, - - 2014
As world population increases, lactic acid fermentation is expected to become an important role in preserving fresh vegetables, fruits, and other food items for feeding humanity in developing countries. However, several fermented fruits and vegetables products (Sauerkraut, Kimchi, Gundruk, Khalpi, Sinki, etc.) have a long history in human nutrition from ...
Josens Roxana R Grupo de Estudio de Insectos Sociales, IFIBYNE-CONICET, DBBE-Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires Pabellón II, Ciudad Universitaria (C1428EHA), Buenos Aires, - - 2014
Ant control is difficult in systems even where a variety of control strategies and compounds are allowed; in sensitive places such as hospitals, where there are often restrictions on the methods and toxicants to be applied, the challenge is even greater. Here we report the methods and results of how ...
Tennoune N N 1] Inserm UMR1073, Nutrition, Gut and Brain Laboratory, Rouen, France [2] Institute for Research and Innovation in Biomedicine (IRIB), Rouen University, Normandy University, Rouen, - - 2014
The molecular mechanisms at the origin of eating disorders (EDs), including anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia and binge-eating disorder (BED), are currently unknown. Previous data indicated that immunoglobulins (Igs) or autoantibodies (auto-Abs) reactive with α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) are involved in regulation of feeding and emotion; however, the origin of such auto-Abs ...
Silva Marcos P N MP Faculdade de Ciências de Guarulhos (FACIG/UNIESP), Av. Guarulhos, 1844, Guarulhos, SP 07025-000, Brazil. - - 2014
Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease that affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide. Since the treatment of this disease currently relies on a single drug, praziquantel, new and safe schistosomicidal agents are urgently required. Nerolidol, a sesquiterpene present in the essential oils of several plants, is found in many ...
Aihara Mutsumi M Department of Preventive Environment and Nutrition, Institute of Health Biosciences, the University of Tokushima Graduate - - 2014
Surface sterilization of fresh produce has been needed in the food manufacturing/processing industry. Here we report a UVA-LED (Ultra Violet A-Light Emitting Diode) system for surface sterilization that is safe, efficacious, low cost, and apparently harmless to fresh produce. To test the system, Escherichia coli strain DH5α was spot-inoculated onto ...
Francis Tessa B TB University of Washington Tacoma, Puget Sound Institute, Tacoma, Washington, United States of - - 2014
Understanding how changing climate, nutrient regimes, and invasive species shift food web structure is critically important in ecology. Most analytical approaches, however, assume static species interactions and environmental effects across time. Therefore, we applied multivariate autoregressive (MAR) models in a moving window context to test for shifting plankton community interactions ...
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