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Tumbas Vesna V Faculty of Technology, University of Novi Sad, Bulevar cara Lazara 1, 21000, Novi Sad, Serbia; Phytochemistry Lab. Department of Food Science and Technology, CEBAS-CSIC, Campus de Espinardo - 25, E-30100, Espinardo, Murcia, - - 2014
The global interest in natural food colours shows increasing attention for new product development to replace synthetic colourants, due to the strengthening of legislative rules and consumers' awareness of synthetic additives and chemicals in food. This study was designed to evaluate anthocyanin content and biological activities of press residues from ...
Ginex Tiziana - - 2014
Thioxanthones and related chemicals are widely used in food packaging as photoinitiator/sensitizers during UV-curing polymerization ink procedures. Despite their good chemical properties, some cases of food contamination were occurred, especially in infant formulae, as reported by EFSA in 2005. Contamination was also occurred in fruits juices, fruit nectars and drinks. ...
Schwarz Markus A MA a FoBiG , Forschungs- und Beratungsinstitut Gefahrstoffe GmbH , Klarastraße 63, 79106 Freiburg , - - 2014
Abstract Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and -furan (PCDD/F) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCB) exposure from food were estimated using new food consumption data from the recent German food consumption survey (Nationale Verzehrsstudie II, NVS II). Based on these comprehensive data, information on consumption of 545 individual food items by the German population ...
Torres-Fuentes Cristina - - 2014
Objectives Obesity and obesity-related disorders are reaching epidemic proportions worldwide. In this review, we summarize the accumulating studies that have emerged in the last few decades demonstrating that bioactives from different natural sources could potentially have anti-obesity effects. Methods We carried out an extensive search of relevant literature from Pubmed, ...
Han Kyoung Moon KM a Advanced Analysis Team, Toxicological Evaluation and Research Department , National Institute of Food and Drug Safety Evaluation , Ministry of Food and Drug Safety , Cheongwon-gun , - - 2014
A novel phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE-5) inhibitor was found in a natural health food product. The previously unknown sildenafil analogue was isolated using preparative HPLC. The structure of the compound was elucidated using HPLC with diode array detection (DAD), time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOF/MS), and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR). An [M + H](+) ion ...
López-Nicolás José Manuel - - 2014
In recent years, the growth of the functional foods industry has increased research into new compounds with high added value for use in the fortification of traditional products. One of the most promising functional food groups is those enriched in antioxidant compounds of a lipophilic nature. In spite of the ...
S Padma Ishwarya - - 2014
The concept of functional foods has markedly moved toward gastrointestinal health. The prebiotic approach aims at achieving favorable milieu in the human gut by stimulating beneficial bacteria. Several food products act as substrates for the application of prebiotic substances and bakery products are one such category. The trend of increasing ...
Sales Jocelyn M JM a Department of Food Science and Technology, The University of Georgia , Griffin , GA , 30223-1797 , - - 2014
Peanuts are important dietary food source of resveratrol with potent antioxidant properties implicated in reducing risk of cancer, cardiovascular and Alzheimer's disease, and delaying aging. Resveratrol is a naturally occurring stilbene phytoalexin phenolic compound produced in response to a variety of biotic and abiotic stresses. This paper is a review ...
Ragaee Sanaa S a Department of Food Science , Ontario College of Agriculture, University of Guelph , Guelph , Ontario , N1G 2W1 , - - 2014
Consumption of wholegrain foods has been recommended for healthy diets. The beneficial health properties of wholegrain products have been associated with the presence of higher amounts of dietary fiber and antioxidants and lower calories as compared to their respective refined ones. Phenolic compounds are mainly attributed to antioxidant properties of ...
Domínguez-Perles R R a Phytochemistry Lab. Department of Food Science and Technology , Centro de Edafología y Biología Aplicada del Segura-Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CEBAS-CSIC) , Espinardo ,  Murcia , 30100 , - - 2014
Brassica genus includes known horticultural vegetables with major economical importance worldwide, and involves vegetables of economical importance being part of the diet and source of oils for industry in many countries. Brassicales own a broad array of health-promoting compounds, emphasized as healthy rich sources of vitamin C. The adequate management ...
Nunes Elisabete E a Instituto de Investigação do Medicamento (iMed.ULisboa), Faculdade de Farmácia , Universidade de Lisboa Av. Prof. Gama Pinto , 1649-003 , Lisboa , - - 2014
Several epidemiological studies indicate that fish intake is associated with neurocognitive development and visual outcomes in children attributed to long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). However, methylmercury (MeHg) represents the most toxic and abundant form of environmental mercury (Hg) exposure to humans and exposure occurs primarily through fish consumption. The objective ...
Brott David A DA Translational Patient Safety and Enabling Sciences, AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals, Wilmington, DE, - - 2014
Several preclinical urinary biomarkers have been qualified and accepted by the health authorities (US Food and Drug Administration, European Medicines Agency, and Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency) for detecting drug-induced kidney injury during preclinical toxicologic testing. Validated human assays for many of these biomarkers have become commercially available, and this ...
Abe Takako K TK Department of Materials Science and Technology, Faculty of Engineering, Niigata University, Ikarashi 2-8050, Niigata 950-2181, - - 2014
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is widely considered to be caused by amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) accumulation in the brain. Aβ is excised from amyloid-β precursor protein through sequential cleavage by β-secretase 1 (BACE1) and γ-secretase. Thus, BACE1 inhibition could prevent Aβ accumulation. Here, we identified myo-inositol hexakisphosphate (IP6) as a BACE1 inhibitory ...
Silva Marcos P N MP Faculdade de Ciências de Guarulhos (FACIG/UNIESP), Av. Guarulhos, 1844, Guarulhos, SP 07025-000, Brazil. - - 2014
Schistosomiasis is a neglected tropical disease that affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide. Since the treatment of this disease currently relies on a single drug, praziquantel, new and safe schistosomicidal agents are urgently required. Nerolidol, a sesquiterpene present in the essential oils of several plants, is found in many ...
Fukahori Masahiro M Consumer Healthcare Products Development, Zeria Pharmaceutical Co., - - 2014
The aim of present study was to evaluate the qualities of chaste berry (fruit of Vitex agnus-castus L.) preparations using HPLC fingerprint analysis. Seven medicinal products 1 from Japan and 6 from Europe, and 17 health foods, 6 from Japan and 11 from the United States were analyzed. HPLC profile ...
Amakura Yoshiaki Y College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Matsuyama University, 4-2 Bunkyo-cho, Matsuyama, Ehime 790-8578, Japan. - - 2014
Many recent studies have suggested that activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) reduces immune responses, thus suppressing allergies and autoimmune diseases. In our continuing study on natural AhR agonists in foods, we examined the influence of 37 health food materials on the AhR using a reporter gene assay, and ...
Saxena Beenam B Department of Zoology, Bareilly College, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, - - 2014
The present study was carried out to evaluate the toxic effect of blend of some food colors on Swiss albino rats. A blend (1:1:1) of sunset yellow, metanil yellow and tartrazine showed additive effects on serological parameters which indicate that addition of these dye together in food stuff may give ...
Johansson Eva E Department of Plant Breeding, The Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 101, Alnarp, SE 23053, Sweden. - - 2014
An increasing interest in organic agriculture for food production is seen throughout the world and one key reason for this interest is the assumption that organic food consumption is beneficial to public health. The present paper focuses on the background of organic agriculture, important public health related compounds from crop ...
Cheong Kok Whye KW Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia ; Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, International Medical University, No. 126, Jalan Jalil Perkasa 19, Bukit Jalil, 57000 Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
Perceptions of food products start when flavor compounds are released from foods, transported and appropriate senses in the oral and nose are triggered. However, the long-term stability of flavor compounds in food product has been a major concern in the food industry due to the complex interactions between key food ...
Neter Judith E JE Department of Health Sciences and the EMGO Institute for Health and Care Research, Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, VU University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The - - 2014
To determine the prevalence of (very) low food security among Dutch food bank recipients, and to identify potential demographic, lifestyle and nutrition-related factors associated with (very) low food security. 11 of 135 Dutch food banks were selected throughout the Netherlands. 251 Dutch food bank recipients participated in the study (93 ...
Josens Roxana R Grupo de Estudio de Insectos Sociales, IFIBYNE-CONICET, DBBE-Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires Pabellón II, Ciudad Universitaria (C1428EHA), Buenos Aires, - - 2014
Ant control is difficult in systems even where a variety of control strategies and compounds are allowed; in sensitive places such as hospitals, where there are often restrictions on the methods and toxicants to be applied, the challenge is even greater. Here we report the methods and results of how ...
Becker Wolf-Meinhard WM Division of Clinical and Molecular Allergology, Research Center Borstel, Airway Research Center North (ARCN), German Center for Lung Research, Borstel, - - 2014
The earliest known evidence of peanut farming dates back 7,600 years. With a prevalence of roughly 1%, peanut allergy is a diagnostic and treatment challenge, but is also a very good model for studying all aspects of food allergy, including its molecular basis and pathomechanisms. Therefore, the very starting point ...
Baudier Kaitlin M KM Department of Biology Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of America; Department of Biodiversity, Earth and Environmental Science, Drexel University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States of - - 2014
Insecticides have a variety of commercial applications including urban pest control, agricultural use to increase crop yields, and prevention of proliferation of insect-borne diseases. Many pesticides in current use are synthetic molecules such as organochlorine and organophosphate compounds. Some synthetic insecticides suffer drawbacks including high production costs, concern over environmental ...
Blanco-Padilla Adriana A Departamento de Investigación y Posgrado en Alimentos, Facultad de Química, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Cerro de las Campanas s/n, Querétaro, QRO 76010, - - 2014
Natural food antimicrobials are bioactive compounds that inhibit the growth of microorganisms involved in food spoilage or food-borne illness. However, stability issues result in degradation and loss of antimicrobial activity. Nanoencapsulation allows protection of antimicrobial food agents from unfavorable environmental conditions and incompatibilities. Encapsulation of food antimicrobials control delivery increasing ...
Palmieri Beniamino B Surgical, Medical, Dental and Morphological Sciences Departments with interest in Transplants, Oncology and Regenerative Medicine. University of Modena and Reggio Emilia. Italy. Poliambulatorio del Secondo Parere. Modena. Italia.. - - 2014
Introduction: Antibiotics are largely employed in zootechnical feed to preserve human and animal species from zoonosis due pathogenic infective agents. Aim: Due to the increasing number of pathologies related to diet (e.g. food intolerances), we investigated the toxic effects induced by antibiotics residues, oxytetracyclines, present within the industrial food on ...
Tresserra-Rimbau Anna - - 2014
Polyphenols may lower the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and other chronic diseases due to their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, as well as their beneficial effects on blood pressure, lipids and insulin resistance. However, no previous epidemiological studies have evaluated the relationship between the intake of total polyphenols intake and ...
Gilley David C DC Department of Biology, William Paterson University, Wayne, New Jersey, United States of - - 2014
Hydrocarbons emitted by waggle-dancing honey bees are known to reactivate experienced foragers to visit known food sources. This study investigates whether these hydrocarbons also increase waggle-dance recruitment by observing recruitment and dancing behavior when the dance compounds are introduced into the hive. If the hydrocarbons emitted by waggle-dancing bees affect ...
Oku Naoya N Biotechnology Research Center and Department of Biotechnology, Toyama Prefectural University, 5180 Kurokawa, Imizu, Toyama 939-0398, - - 2014
Macroscopic gelatinous colonies of freshwater cyanobacterium Aphanothece sacrum, a luxury ingredient for Japanese cuisine, were found to contain a new oxylipin-derived macrolide, sacrolide A (1), as an antimicrobial component. The configuration of two chiral centers in 1 was determined by a combination of chiral anisotropy analysis and conformational analysis of ...
Lewenza Shawn S Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Snyder Institute for Chronic Diseases, University of Calgary , Calgary, AB , - - 2014
Caenorhabditis elegans is commonly used as an infection model for pathogenesis studies in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The standard virulence assays rely on the slow and fast killing or paralysis of nematodes but here we developed a behaviour assay to monitor the preferred bacterial food sources of C. elegans. We monitored the ...
Tan Lai Kuan LK Microbiology Division, Institute of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, - - 2014
Y. enterocolitica and Y. pseudotuberculosis are important food borne pathogens. However, the presence of competitive microbiota makes the isolation of Y. enterocolitica and Y. pseudotuberculosis from naturally contaminated foods difficult. We attempted to evaluate the performance of a modified Cefsulodin-Irgasan-Novobiocin (CIN) agar in the differentiation of Y. enterocolitica from non-Yersinia ...
Pennington Thomas Hugh TH University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen, United - - 2014
This review describes Escherichia coli O157 outbreaks in the United Kingdom, beginning from the first, in the 1980s, to those recorded in 2013. We point out that the United Kingdom differs from other countries, particularly the United States, in that it has had a considerable number of outbreaks associated with ...
Leong Dara D Food Safety Department, Teagasc Food Research Centre Moorepark, Fermoy, Cork, - - 2014
Although rates of listeriosis are low in comparison to other foodborne pathogenic illness, listeriosis poses a significant risk to human health as the invasive form can have a mortality rate as high as 30%. Food processors, especially those who produce ready-to-eat (RTE) products, need to be vigilant against Listeria monocytogenes, ...
Rodríguez-Gómez F F Department of Food Biotechnology, Instituto de la Grasa, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas Seville, - - 2014
Dairy products are currently the main carriers of probiotic microorganisms to the human body. However, the development of new matrices for probiotic delivery is convenient for intolerant to milk (or its derivatives) and those requiring low-cholesterol diet consumers. The present work focused on the fortification of previously fermented green Spanish ...
Devirgiliis Chiara C CRA-NUT, Food & Nutrition Research Center, Agricultural Research Council, Via Ardeatina 546, 00178 Rome, - - 2014
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) represent the predominant microbiota in fermented foods. Foodborne LAB have received increasing attention as potential reservoir of antibiotic resistance (AR) determinants, which may be horizontally transferred to opportunistic pathogens. We have previously reported isolation of AR LAB from the raw ingredients of a fermented cheese, while ...
Machado Terezinha Feitosa TF Embrapa FortalezaCE Brazil Embrapa, Fortaleza, CE, - - 2014
The objective of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial potential of Lippia alba essential oil (EOLa) and to investigate the effect of food ingredients on its efficacy. The antimicrobial potential of the oil was determined by the presence or absence of inhibition zones, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimum ...
Billington Craig C Food Safety Programme, ESR, Ilam, Christchurch, New - - 2014
Foodborne disease is an important source of expense, morbidity, and mortality for society. Detection and control constitute significant components of the overall management of foodborne bacterial pathogens, and this review focuses on the use of nanosized biological entities and molecules to achieve these goals. There is an emphasis on the ...
Aihara Mutsumi M Department of Preventive Environment and Nutrition, Institute of Health Biosciences, the University of Tokushima Graduate - - 2014
Surface sterilization of fresh produce has been needed in the food manufacturing/processing industry. Here we report a UVA-LED (Ultra Violet A-Light Emitting Diode) system for surface sterilization that is safe, efficacious, low cost, and apparently harmless to fresh produce. To test the system, Escherichia coli strain DH5α was spot-inoculated onto ...
Soro-Yao Amenan A AA Food Science and Technology Unit, Nangui Abrogoua University, 02 BP 801 Abidjan 02, Côte - - 2014
Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) protein analysis, automated ribotyping, and phenotypic tests (e.g., cell morphology, gas production from glucose, growth and acid production on homofermemtative-heterofermentative differential (HHD) agar medium, sugar fermentation patterns) were used to identify 23 lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from fermented cereal foods available ...
Tennoune N N 1] Inserm UMR1073, Nutrition, Gut and Brain Laboratory, Rouen, France [2] Institute for Research and Innovation in Biomedicine (IRIB), Rouen University, Normandy University, Rouen, - - 2014
The molecular mechanisms at the origin of eating disorders (EDs), including anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia and binge-eating disorder (BED), are currently unknown. Previous data indicated that immunoglobulins (Igs) or autoantibodies (auto-Abs) reactive with α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) are involved in regulation of feeding and emotion; however, the origin of such auto-Abs ...
Adelskov Joseph J Microbial Gene Research and Resources Facility, School of Natural Sciences, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, - - 2014
The analysis of the 4.1-Mb draft genome sequence of a moderately thermophilic, heterotrophic, and facultatively anaerobic bacterium, Bacillus subtilis strain D7XPN1, identified genes for a range of enzymes with potential in the biodegradation of food waste, a property consistent with the ecological habitat of the isolate.
Rajeshkumar S S Department of Biochemistry, Adhiparasakthi College of Arts and Science, Kalavai, Vellore District 632506, Tamil Nadu, - - 2014
Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using Planomicrobium sp. and to explore the antibacterial activity against food borne pathogenic bacteria Bacillus subtilis, (3053) Klebsiella planticola (2727) Klebsiella pneumoniae (MAA) Serratia nematodiphila (CAA) and Escherichia coli. In the current studies, 1 mM of silver nitrate was added into 100 mL of Planomicrobium sp. culture supernatant. ...
Francis Tessa B TB University of Washington Tacoma, Puget Sound Institute, Tacoma, Washington, United States of - - 2014
Understanding how changing climate, nutrient regimes, and invasive species shift food web structure is critically important in ecology. Most analytical approaches, however, assume static species interactions and environmental effects across time. Therefore, we applied multivariate autoregressive (MAR) models in a moving window context to test for shifting plankton community interactions ...
Kumar Peeyush P Applied Microbiology Laboratory, Centre for Rural Development & Technology, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi 110016, - - 2014
Housefly (Musca domestica L.), one of the most common insects in human settlements, has been associated as vectors for various food-borne pathogens, causing food spoilage and disease transmission. The control of housefly was attempted using plant monoterpenes; menthone, menthol, menthyl acetate, limonene, citral and 1,8-cineole, against different life stages of ...
Preece Kahn K Experimental & Translational Respiratory Medicine Group, University of Newcastle and Hunter Medical Research Institute, Newcastle, Australia; Paediatric Allergy & Immunology, Newcastle Children's Hospital, Newcastle, Australia; Discipline of Paediatrics & Child Health, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Newcastle, - - 2013
Retrospective studies of childhood peanut allergy demonstrate serum IgE levels against the peanut allergen Ara h2 may help predict a clinical reaction at food challenge. Fraction of exhaled nitric oxide is a non-invasive tool correlating to allergic airways inflammation and has been independently associated with increased food specific IgE. To ...
García-González Diego L DL Instituto de la Grasa (CSIC), Padre García Tejero 4, 41012 Sevilla, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
The physicochemical phenomena that explain the sensing mechanisms of gas sensors have been extensively investigated. Nevertheless, it is arduous to interpret the sensor signals in a practical approach when they response to complex mixtures of compounds responsible for food aroma. Thus, the concomitant interactions between the volatiles and the sensor ...
Jorda-Beneyto M M a Packaging , Transport and Logistics Research Institute, C/Albert Einstein, 1 , Paterna , Valencia 46980 , - - 2013
In this work, two organomodified clays for food contact applications have been developed to produce hydrophobically modified montmorillonite, and hence to obtain better compatibility between the biopolymer and the filler (nanoclay). These nanofillers have been characterized by Fourier Transform InfraRed (FTIR) Spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA), in order ...
Price Paul - - 2013
Food contact materials can release low levels of multiple chemicals (migrants) into food and beverages, to which individuals can be exposed through food consumption. This paper investigates the potential for non-carcinogenic effects from exposure to multiple migrants using the Cefic Mixtures Ad hoc Team (MIAT) decision tree. The purpose of ...
Llana-Ruiz-Cabello María - - 2013
Essential oils used as additives in the food industry due to its flavour, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties. Therefore, human can be exposed orally to these compounds through the ingestion of foods. In this sense, the present work aims to assess toxicological effects of oregano essential oil on the digestive tract. ...
Višnjevec Ana Miklavčič AM Department of Environmental Sciences, "Jožef Stefan" Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia; International postgraduate School Jožef Stefan, Ljubljana, - - 2013
The effects of human exposure to mercury (Hg) and its compounds in Europe have been the focus of numerous studies that differed in their design, including recruiting different population groups at different levels of exposure and by using different protocols and recruitment strategies. The objective of this work was to ...
Yang Yi-Xin - - 2013
Silica nanoparticles (NPs) have been widely used in food products as an additive; however, their toxicity and safety to the human body and the environment still remain unclear. As a food additive, silica NPs firstly enter the human gastrointestinal tract along with food, thus their gastrointestinal toxicity deserves thorough study. ...
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